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Chemistry
Advanced Subsidiary
Unit Test 1
Wednesday 3 June 2009 – Morning
Time: 1 hour

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The marks for individual questions and parts of questions are shown in round brackets: e.g. (2).
The total mark for this paper is 60. There are 16 pages in this question paper. Any blank pages are
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*N33861A0116*

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........................ (2) Q1 (Total 6 marks) *N33861A0316* 3 Turn over ....... A sample of nitrogen contains two isotopes with mass numbers 14 and 15..... Difference ....................... Similarity ....................................................... state ONE similarity and ONE difference between these isotopes.............. Write your answers in the spaces provided...........Leave blank Answer ALL the questions.. ............... (a) In terms of particles in the nucleus................... (2) (c) Write the symbol of the nitrogen species that contains 14 protons....................................... 14 neutrons and 13 electrons.................................. 1....................... atomic number and mass number...................................................................... giving the symbol............................................................................................................. (2) (b) Give the mass/charge ratio (m/e) values at which peaks corresponding to the N2+ ion will be seen on the mass spectrum of molecular nitrogen................................................................ ....

....................................... (2) (b) Phosphorus forms two chlorides........................................................ Suggest why nitrogen cannot form NCl5 but phosphorus can form PCl5........................ (a) Nitrogen and phosphorus are in the same group of the Periodic Table and form compounds with hydrogen and chlorine. ........................................ Bond pairs of electrons ......... ............................................... .......................................................................... State the approximate ClPCl bond angle that you would expect................................... Bond angle ....................... .............................................................................................................. Nitrogen can only form one chloride.............................................. .............................. ............................................................... Shape ...................................................................................................................................................................................... (2) (iii) Explain why phosphorus trichloride has this shape and this bond angle.......................................................... ..................................................................................... (2) 4 *N33861A0416* ................................................................................................ (i) State the number of bond pairs and lone pairs of electrons around a phosphorus atom in a molecule of phosphorus trichloride.......................................................... (1) (ii) Use your answer to (i) to deduce the shape of the molecule............................................................................................................................................................................. ........ ........................................................................................................................................................... PCl3................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................ Lone pairs of electrons .............. PCl3 and PCl5......................................................Leave blank 2........................ ................................................................... NCl3......................................................................... ...............

...................................................................................................................................... (3) Q2 (Total 12 marks) *N33861A0516* 5 Turn over ...... 44 °C .................................... N2.......................................................................... .............. ................................................................................................................ .................................................................................................................................................................................. NH3................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................... .......... ..................................................................... (2) (ii) ammonia...... ..... the difference in melting temperature between (i) nitrogen................................................................................... in terms of the intermolecular forces in both substances.............................................................. P4....................................................................... PH3.............. .............................................................Leave blank (c) Explain............ ................................................. –133 °C ................................................................................. ............... –210 °C and phosphorus................................................................................................................................................................................................................... –78 °C and phosphine..................................................... .........................................................................................................

................................................................ ....................................... (1) (ii) Identify the THREE gases produced...................................................................................... ...................................................................................... ......................................................................................Leave blank 3.................. .................................................................. ...................................................................................... ....... H2SO4....................................................................... (2) (iii) What type of reaction takes place between potassium bromide and concentrated sulphuric acid? ............................................ KBr........... (2) 6 *N33861A0616* ................................ KCl................................ and concentrated sulphuric acid.................................. ........................................ (a) (i) Write the equation for the reaction between potassium chloride.............................. .............................. State symbols are not required.................................................................. when concentrated sulphuric acid is added to potassium bromide......................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................... (1) (iv) Explain why chlorides react differently to bromides with concentrated sulphuric acid................................. other than steam.................................................................................................

If you change your mind about the answer. A B C D (1) Q3 (Total 8 marks) *N33861A0716* 7 Turn over . put a line through the box ( ) and then mark your new answer with a cross ( ).Leave blank (b) For the following questions put a cross ( ) in the box of the correct answer. A B C D (1) (ii) identify the equation which represents a disproportionation reaction. From the following equations A Br2 + 2I− → I2 + 2Br− B Cl2 + 2Br− → Br2 + 2Cl− C 3ClO− → ClO3− + 2Cl− D 2Fe + 3Cl2 → 2FeCl3 (i) identify the equation which represents a useful extraction from sea water.

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Leave blank 4................................................................. .......... (3) (ii) Explain why calcium is a good conductor of electricity............................................................................. Ca + 2H2O → Ca(OH)2 + H2 (i) Give TWO other observations you would expect to make............. .................. (2) 8 *N33861A0816* ................ (1) (c) When calcium reacts with water............................................................... ......................................................................................................................... (1) (b) (i) Name the type of bonding that exists in solid calcium and explain its nature............................................................................... ......................................... ..................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... (a) Complete the electronic configuration of a calcium atom............................................................................................ 1s2.......................................................... Type ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Explanation .................................................................. the calcium gets smaller and heat is produced............................................................... ............................................................................. Observation 2......... ................................................ Observation 1..............................

..................................... ...................... (2) (ii) State and explain the trend in the second ionisation energies of the Group 2 elements................................................................................................................................................................................................................ .....5 g of calcium reacts with an excess of water..................................................... ... ............................................................................................................................................................................................. ...................................................................................... [Molar volume of gas under the conditions of the experiment = 24 dm3 mol−1................................................................................................................................................ .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .........................................] (2) (d) (i) Write the equation for the process occurring when the second ionisation energy of calcium is measured............ ............................................................................................... (4) Q4 (Total 15 marks) *N33861A0916* 9 Turn over ................Leave blank (ii) Calculate the volume of hydrogen produced when 2............. .............

..... in terms of sizes and charges of the ions.. .... ..................................................................................................................................................... Sodium nitrate................. Explanation .................................................................................0 g of sodium peroxide......... Trend ................................................. 2Na + O2 → Na2O2 Calculate the mass of sodium needed to produce 1...................................................... State symbols are not required................................................................... (4) (b) (i) Sodium reacts with oxygen to form sodium peroxide........................................... (3) (ii) State and explain the trend in thermal stability of the Group 1 nitrates.................................................................................Leave blank 5................................ NaNO3 ...................................... (3) 10 *N33861A01016* ............. ............. .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. LiNO3 ........................... ....................................................................... ...................................................... Na2O2.. (a) (i) Write equations to show the action of heat on the following solid nitrates.................................................................................................................................................................. Lithium nitrate...........................................................................

(2) Q5 (Total 13 marks) *N33861A01116* 11 Turn over . NaOH. calculate the concentration of sodium hydroxide in mol dm−3. (1) (iii) If 50.Leave blank (ii) Sodium peroxide. Give your answer to two significant figures.0 cm3 of solution was formed in (ii).0 g of sodium peroxide. formed from 1. reacts as follows Na2O2 + 2H2O → 2NaOH + H2O2 Calculate the amount (moles) of sodium hydroxide. when added to water.

................................................. (2) (b) (i) Iodide ions..................... I2O5 ................ in a solution containing hydrogen ions....... H+. (1) (ii) Iodate(V) ions..................................... IO3−............................... I−... can be oxidised to iodine............................................... Write the ionic half-equation for this reaction............. Write the ionic half-equation for this reaction.......... (1) (Total 6 marks) TOTAL FOR PAPER: 60 MARKS END 12 *N33861A01216* Q6 ... ...... can be reduced to iodine and water.............................Leave blank 6...... .. (a) Deduce the oxidation numbers of iodine in KIO4 ........................................ (2) (iii) Use the half-equations in (i) and (ii) to write the overall ionic equation for the reaction between iodide and iodate(V) ions in acidic solution................................................ I2........

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