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IB HL Review Questions

Complex Numbers
1. Let z = x + yi. Find the values of x and y if (1 – i)z = 1 – 3i.
(Total 4 marks)

2.

(a) (b) (c)

Evaluate (1 + i) , where i =

2

−1 .
(2)
4n n

Prove, by mathematical induction, that (1 + i) = (–4) , where Hence or otherwise, find (1 + i) .==
32

n∈Ζ+

(6)

(2) (Total 10 marks)

3.

Let z1 = (a)

6 − i 2 , and z = 1 – i. 2 2 π π ≤θ≤ . 2 2
(6)

Write z1 and z2 in the form r(cos θ + i sin θ), where r > 0 and –

(b)

Show that

z1 π + i sin π . = cos z2 12 12
(2)

(c)

Find the value of

z1 in the form a + bi, where a and b are to be determined exactly in z2

radical (surd) form. Hence or otherwise find the exact values of cos

π and sin π . 12 12
(4) (Total 12 marks)

4.

π π  and z = b  π π . Let z1 = a   cos + i sin   cos + i sin  2 4 4 3 3  
z  Express  1  in the form z = x + yi.  z2 
(Total 3 marks)
3

5.

If z is a complex number and |z + 16| = 4 |z + l|, find the value of | z|.
(Total 3 marks)

6.

Find the values of a and b, where a and b are real, given that (a + bi)(2 – i) = 5 – i.
(Total 3 marks)

7.

Given that z = (b + i) , where b is real and positive, find the exact value of b when arg z = 60°.
(Total 3 marks)
1

2

Given that | z | = 2 5 . Given that (a + i)(2 – bi) = 7 – i. (Total 6 marks) 3 16. b∈ . such that z = 3. (Total 6 marks) 12. Show that the imaginary part of z is 3 . giving the exact values of the real constants a. (a) Find z1z2. The complex numbers z1 and z2 are z1 = 2 + i. (4) (ii) (iii) π . where a.11. b ∈ . 6 (c)  z1k z 2 Given that arg   2i    = π. solve the equation z – 8i = 0. b. giving your answer in the form a + ib. Given that z ∈ . Let the complex number z be given by z=1+ i i– 3 . Show that arg z1 = Find arg z2. A complex number z is such that (a) z = z − 3i . (Total 6 marks) 14. (1) 2 . 2 (2) (b) Let z1 and z2 be the two possible values of z. z z* (Total 6 marks) 18. z2 = 3 + i. Express z in the form a +bi. giving your answers in the form z = r (cosθ + i sinθ). a. find the complex number z that satisfies the equation 25 − 15 = 1 − 8i. find a value of k. (i) Sketch a diagram to show the points which represent z1 and z2 in the complex plane.   (4) (Total 10 marks) 13. where z1 is in the first quadrant. find the value of a and of b.

z1 z2 in a similar way. where r and θ have exact values. dx (Total 4 marks) 2. where z∈ the value of m and of n. (Total 6 marks) 3 2 iθ iθ 22. 21. z = 4  cos 3 3  6 6   (a) (b) Express z in the form re . (i) (ii) Express the polar form of z2. Let z1 = r  cos (a) (b)   π π + i sin  and z2 = 1 + 4 4 3 i. expressing in the form re . 1 x + 1 dx. and m. find the integral 2 ∫x 5. 4 2 3 (5) (Total 6 marks) 19. If 2x – 3y = 2. Write z2 in modulus-argument form. Using the substitution u = 1 x + 1. Differentiate y = arccos (1 – 2x ) with respect to x. Hence show that   1 2 π 1 1 = arctan + arctan .(b) The polar form of z1 may be written as  5 . (Total 4 marks) 2 4. or otherwise. 2 (Total 4 marks) When air is released from an inflated balloon it is found that the rate of decrease of the volume of the balloon is proportional to the volume of the balloon. The polynomial P(z) = z + mz + nz −8 is divisible by (z +1+ i). where r and θ have exact values. Find (Total 6 marks) Calculus 1. find the two values of 2 2 dy when x = 5. arctan  . Find the value of r if z1 z 2 3 = 2. The complex number z is defined by 2π 2π  π π   + i sin  + 4 3  cos + i sin . This can be represented by the 3 . and simplify your answer. n∈ . Find the cube roots of z.

The diagram shows a sketch of the graph of y = f′ (x) for a ≤ x ≤ b. (a) dv = – kv. for the volume of the balloon at time t. z = 2. in terms of k. draw a sketch of the graph of y = f (x) for a ≤ x ≤ b. the velocity v is given by v = (2s − 1) (Total 4 marks) 15. which has the same scale on the x-axis. y = 2 – 3λ. On your graph you should clearly indicate any minimum or maximum points. 2 (Total 4 marks) (b) 6. Find the coordinates of the point which is nearest to the origin on the line L: x = 1 – λ. t is the time and k is the constant of dt If the initial volume of the balloon is v0.differential equation proportionality. in terms of k. A particle moves along a straight line. y a b x 4 . (Total 3 marks) 37. or points of inflexion. where v is the volume. Find the acceleration when s = 2. given that f (0) = 0 and f (x) ≥ 0 for all x. where s > 1. (3s + 2) . for the time when the volume is v0 . find an expression. y y = f’(x ) a b x On the grid below. Find an expression. When it is a distance s from a fixed point.

(Total 3 marks) 47. 748. The height. The bottles contain the following amounts (in ml) of orange juice: 753. A machine fills bottles with orange juice. (Total 3 marks) 2. an unbiased estimate of the standard deviation of the population from which this sample is taken. of the ball. 2 after t seconds. An astronaut on the moon throws a ball vertically upwards. 752.(Total 3 marks) 43.5at . The results were: Time (hours) 0 ≤ t < 10 10 ≤ t < 20 20 ≤ t < 30 30 ≤ t < 40 40 ≤ t < 50 50 ≤ t < 60 60 ≤ t < 70 70 ≤ t < 80 80 ≤ t < 90 90 ≤ t ≤100 Total Number of batteries (frequency) 2 4 8 9 12 13 8 7 6 1 70 Find (a) (b) the sample standard deviation. Find the values of a and b. s metres. If the ball reaches its maximum height when t = 25. 749.7). (Total 3 marks) 3 2 Statistics & Probability 1. 750. 751. where a is a constant. The line y = 16x – 9 is a tangent to the curve y = 2x + ax + bx – 9 at the point (1. A sample of 70 batteries was tested to see how long they last. is given by the equation s = 40t + 0. A sample of six bottles is taken at random. Find 5 . find the value of a.

8 29.6 29.9 30. The weights in grams of thirty packets chosen at random are shown below. the variance of the population from which this sample is taken. (Total 3 marks) 3.0 30. the interquartile range.1 30.2 30. The results were used to produce the following cumulative frequency graph.3 2 3 4 5 7 5 3 1 Find unbiased estimates of (a) (b) the mean of the population from which this sample is taken. The cumulative frequency curve below indicates the amount of time 250 students spend eating lunch. if a < b. 6. The 80 applicants for a Sports Science course were required to run 800 metres and their times were recorded. A machine produces packets of sugar. (Total 6 marks) 130 140 T im e (s e c o n d s ) 150 160 5. (Total 3 marks) 4. an unbiased estimate of the population standard deviation from which this sample is taken. a and b. 9. 80 70 60 C u m u la tiv e fre q u e n c y 50 40 30 20 10 120 Estimate (a) (b) the median.(a) (b) the sample standard deviation. Find the value of a and of b. Consider the six numbers. 3. The mean of the numbers is 6 and the variance is 10. 6 . Weight (g) Frequency 29.7 29. 2. (Total 6 marks) 8.

3. 1. 2. A fair six-sided die. If 20% of the students spend more than x minutes eating lunch. Find the mean and variance of the score. estimate the value of x. 5 is thrown. with sides numbered 1. 4. 260 240 220 200 C u m u la tiv e fre q u e n c y 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 (Total 6 marks) T im e e a tin g lu n c h . (Total 6 marks) 7 .(a) (b) Estimate the number of students who spend between 20 and 40 minutes eating lunch. m in u te s 10.

(Total 6 marks) 8 . The middle 50% of test results lie between marks a and b. A test marked out of 100 is written by 800 students. 800 700 600 N um ber of c a n d id a te s 500 400 300 200 100 10 20 30 40 50 M a rk 60 70 80 90 100 (a) (b) Write down the number of students who scored 40 marks or less on the test. Find a and b. The cumulative frequency graph for the marks is given below.11. where a < b.