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PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
by:

By: Shailendra Kumar

SHAILENDRA KR.

Meq. Approach

Classes at: SCIENCE TUTORIALS; Opp. Khuda Baksh Library, Ashok Rajpath, Patna
PIN POINT STUDY CIRCLE; House No. 5A/65, Opp. Mahual Kothi, Alpana Market, Patna

Confidence building Problems
1. The radius of Bohr’s first orbit in H atom is 0.053 nm. The radius of second orbit in He+ would be: (a) 2. 0.0265 nm (b) 0.0530 nm (c) 0.1060 nm (d) 0.2120 The ionization potential of hydrogen atom is 13.6 eV. The energy required to remove an electron from the n = 2 state of hydrogen atom is: (a) 3. 27.2 eV (b) 13.6 eV (c) 6.8 eV (d) 3.4 eV The energy of the electron in second Bohr’s orbit in the hydrogen atom is –3.41 eV. The energy of the electron in second Bohr’s orbit of He+ ion would be: (a) 4. -85 eV (b) -13.62 eV (c) -1.70 eV (d) -6.82 eV The ratio of the energy of a photon of 2000 Å wavelength radiation to that of 4000 Å radiation is: (a) 5. 1/4 (b) 1/2 (c) 2 (d) 4 The Bohr’s energy equation for H atom reveals that the energy level of a shell is given by E = –13.58/n2 eV. The smallest amount that an H atom will absorb if in ground state is: (a) 6. 1.0 eV (b) 3.39 eV (c) 6.79 eV
2+

(d)

10.19 eV

The amount of energy required to remove the electron from a Li ion in its ground state is how many times greater than the amount of energy required to remove the electron from an H atom in its ground state? (a) 9 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 5 If the ionisation potential for hydrogen atom is 13.6 eV, then the wavelength of light required for the ionisation of hydrogen atom would be: (a) 1911 nm (b) 912 nm (c) 68 nm (d) 91.2 nm The ratio between kinetic energy and the total energy of the electrons of hydrogen atom according to Bohr’s model is: (a) 1 : –1 3R (b) (b) 1:1 9R (c) (c) 1:2 2.25R (d) (d) 2:1 R/3 The radius of second stationary orbit in Bohr’s atoms in R. The radius of third orbit will be: (a) If the series limit of wavelength of the Lyman series for the hydrogen atom is 912 Å, then the series limit of wavelength for the Balmer series of the hydrogen atom is: (a) 912Å (b) 912 × 2Å (c) 912 × 4Å (d) 912/2Å
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Opp. Khuda Baksh Library, Ashok Rajpath, Patna - 4 House no. 5A/65, Opp. Mahual Kothi, Alpana Market, Patna

0 (d) 1. Khuda Baksh Library. 17.0 gm H2O2 per 100ml of solution ( Mol-wt of H2O2=34).PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 11. 20.15 (b) 2.83 N The normality of 10 % acetic acid is (a) 1 N H3PO4 is the tribasic acid and one of its salts is NaH2 PO4.0 (d) 2 M The molarity of 98% H2SO4 by weight (d = 1.0 ml The volume of water which must be added to 40 cc of 0. The normality of the solution would be (a) 0. A 01.9 gm + 12.5 N NaOH solution is added to 10 cc of 3 N H2SO4 solution and 20 cc of 1N HCl solution. 06. 07. wt = 120) to exactly converted it into Na3 PO4? (a) 100 cc (b) 300 cc (b) 4. c c c b 05. 18. What volume of 1 M NaOH should be added to 12 gm NaH2 PO4 (Mol.7 N (d) Fairly acidic (d) 0.0 ml (c) 10.023 N (d) 0. What is molarity of Na+ (a) 0.3 (c) 15. 19. 14.5 (b) 18 M (c) 0. 13.4 gm/liter. 10.115 ml of sodium metal was dissolved in 500 ml of the solution in distilled water.5 H2O2 solution used for hair bleaching is sold as a solution of approx 5. By: Shailendra Kumar The number of milliliter of 1M H2SO4 solution required to neutralize 10 ml of 1 M NaOH solution is (a) 2. 09. 18.15 (c) 10 M (d) 4.046 N 100 cc of 0. d c c b 1. 20. 08. 12. 15. Opp.0 (b) 1.5 ml (b) 5. 14. Alpana Market. Mahual Kothi.: 2 .0 ml (d) 20. (c) 200 cc (c) 10 gm (d) 80 cc (d) 2. The molarity of this hair bleaching solution is approximately (a) 3. Opp. Ashok Rajpath. 5A/65. c a b c 02.25 N oxalic acid solution to make its exactly decinormal is (a) 40 cc (b) 30 cc (c) 60 cc (d) 25 cc 0. For preparation of one liter of H2SO4 solution we need H2SO4 equal to (a) 98 cm The average concentration of Na in Human blood serum is about 3. 11. 16. 15.0115 N (c) 0. The solution will be (a) Strongly acidic (b) Alkaline (b) 10 N (c) Neutral (c) 1. 13. W b a a a E R S 04. Patna Page No. d d c b N S 03.010 N (b) 0.45 gm 17.8 gm/ml) would be (a) 4 M 19. Patna . 2. 16.4 House no.

24 litre (a) 224 litre (b) 22. Khuda Baksh Library. 55. Meq. wt. 6. Alpana Market. Mg3(PO4)2 will contain 0.022 × 10 (c) 6. A mixture containing 100 g H2 and 100 g O2 is ignited so that water is formed according to the reaction. Approach Classes at: SCIENCE TUTORIALS.25 × 10–2 (d) 2. The value of 1 g eq. Patna .022 × 1022 (c) Half in 8 g He (d) 558.PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY by: By: Shailendra Kumar SHAILENDRA KR. The number of molecules in 4.85) is: (a) twice than in 60 g carbon (b) 6. (b) 4 molecules (c) 1 4 (d) 2. 10.02 (b) 3. Opp. Patna Confidence building Problems 1. House No. 4.5 × 1023 (b) 1. Mahual Kothi. 9.5 × 1023 × 6.5 × 6. 2. Opp.022×10 (d) 18 The number of atoms in 558.4 litre (d) 112 litre n 100 6 C gg 1 mole of any gas: 2n (b) always occupies 22.084 × 10 (b) 6.023 × 1023 The volume of 20 g of H2 at STP is : 12 (c) 2.088 × 1023 atoms is : 22 The total number of protons. Ashok Rajpath.25 mole of oxygen atoms? (a) 0.5 × 1023 (c) 0.: 3 . Opp. How much water will be formed? (a) 113 g (b) 50 g (c) 25 g (d) 200 g The pair of species having same percentage of carbon is: (a) CH3COOH and C6H12O6 (b) CH3COOH and C2H5OH (c) HCOOCH3 and C12H22O11 (d) C6H22O11 and C12H22O11 1. Mahual Kothi.66 (d) 40 20 g of an acid furnishes 0.4 House no. nCH2 == CH2 ––––––→ ( CH2—CH2 )n.5 × 1023 One mole of P4 molecules contain: (a) 1 molecules 3. 2H2 + O2 ––––––→ 2H2O. Khuda Baksh Library. The weight of polyethylene produced will be: (a) (b) 100 g (c) (d) 100n g 11. of the acid will be: (a) 40 g (b) 20 g (c) 10 g (d) 100 g How many moles of magnesium phosphate. Alpana Market.5 moles of H3O+ ions in its aqueous solution. (a) 1. 5A/65. Patna PIN POINT STUDY CIRCLE. electrons and neutrons in 12 g of 25 23 5.25 g of ammonia is approximately: (a) 3. 7. 5A/65. Opp.5 g of Fe (at.125 × 10–2 (c) 1.022 × 1023 atoms (d) 24. Patna Page No. Ashok Rajpath. 8. 2.4 litre (a) always occupies 1 litre (c) can occupy any volume at NTP (d) always occupies a fixed volume at NTP The equivalent weight of H3PO4 in the following reaction is: H3PO4 + Ca(OH)2 ––––––→ CaHPO4 + 2H2O (a) 98 (b) 49 (c) 32.5 × 10–2 When 100 g of ethylene polymerizes to polyethylene according to the equation. 12.

5A/65. 5 moles of A and 8 moles of B will produce (a) 5 moles of C (b) 4 moles of C (c) 8 moles of C (d) 13 moles of C A 01.0 (c) 0. 22. 16.023 × 10–23 cm3 (d) 3. H. 25. Molecular weight of compound is 108.02 × 1023 atom/mol 23 (c) 7 × 6.) In a compound C.75 kg (b) 7. 23. 20.02 × 1022 molecules.12 M (d) 0. 29.75 kg (d) 9. The approximate stregth of the dilute acid is: (a) 18 M (b) 180 M (c) 0. N atoms are present in 9 : 1 : 3.30 M How many atoms are present in a mole of CH3COOC2H5 ? (a) 14 × 6. 12.02 × 10–23 g (d) None of these How many atoms are contained in a mole of Ca(OH)2 ? (a) 30 × 6. 18. 27.8 M 34 g of hydrogen peroxide is present in 1120 mL of solution. A + 2B ––––→ C. 26. 24.0 × 10–23 cm3 50 mL of an aqueous solution of glucose contains 6. 26. By: Shailendra Kumar 14. 2C + O2 ––––→ 2CO2 is carried out by taking 24 g carbon and 96 g O2. 10.2 molar in a substance. 20.0 kg of CaC2 is: (a) 6. CaC2 + H2O ––––→ CaO + HC ≡ CH nHC ≡ CH + nH2 ––––→ ( CH2—CH2 )n The mass of polyethylene which can be produced from 20.15 M (b) 0. 25. 18. Ashok Rajpath. Opp.02 × 1023 atom / mol 23 (c) 3 × 6.02 ×1023 g (c) 6. 07. 28.01 10 mL of concentrated H2SO4 (18 M) is diluted to one litre. (a) a litre of A combines with b litre of B to give C and D (b) a mole of A combines with b mole of B to give C and D (c) a g of A combines with b g of B to give C and D (d) a molecules of A combines with b molecules of B to give C and D For the reaction. Patna Page No. 17./vol. This solution is called: (a) 10 vol solution (b) 20 vol solution (c) 30 vol solution (d) 32 vol solution The volume occupied by one molecule of water (density 1 g cm–3) is: (a) 18 cm3 (b) 22400 cm3 (c) 6. 29. 22. The weight of one atom is: (a) 16/N (b) 32/N (c) 16N (d) 32N (N is the av. 13. Opp. a b b c a b 05. 08.05 (d) 0. 11. Patna . 15. d b a d b c N S 03.5 by weight. 21. then the final molarity of the solution is: (a) 0. a b c d a 1.PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 13. The concentration of solution is: (a) 0.02 × 10 atom/mol (d) None of the above The reaction. 19.4 House no.1 and 0. 23. no. 21. 28.: 4 . Mahual Kothi.18 M (d) 1. Khuda Baksh Library.02 × 1023 atom / mol (b) 5 × 6. 06.75 kg (c) 8. 19. 2. 17.1 M (b) 1. 15.0 × 10–23 g (b) 6.1 (b) 1. 14. If 100 mL of A are mixed with 25 mL of B and there is no change in volume.2 M (d) 2. b d a a a a 02.02 × 10 atom / mol (d) None of the above The solution A and B are 0. Polyethylene can be produced from calcium carbide according to the following sequence of reaction. its molecular formula is: (a) C2H6N2 (b) C3H4N (d) C6H8N2 (d) C9H12N3 In a gaseous reaction of the type aA + bB ––––→ cC + dD.75 kg The normality of 4% (wt. 09. 27. 24.0 M The percent of N in 66% pure (NH4)2SO4 sample is: (a) 32 (b) 28 (c) 14 (d) none of these The number of moles of water present in 90 g of a water is: (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 5 Weight of a single molecule of water is: (a) 3. W a a c d c c E R S 04.) NaOH is: (a) 0.18 M (c) 0.02 × 1023 atom/mol (b) 10 × 6. Which one is limiting reagent? (a) C (b) O2 (d) CO2 (d) None of these The weight of 350 mL of a diatomic gas at 0ºC and 2 atm pressure in 1 g. which is wrong. 16.0 M (c) 0. Alpana Market.

15. 4. The dissociation constant of this acid is: (a) 1 × 10–4 (b) 1 × 10–6 (c) 1 × 10–8 (d) 10–5 3. Opp. 1.: 5 .98 × 10–6 –5 If the dissociation constant of an acid HA is 1 × 10 . The value of Kw at 90ºC is: (a) 10–6 (b) 10–12 (c) 10–14 (d) 10–8 0. Ashok Rajpath. 6. solution of a weak monoprotic acid is: (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 11 A monoprotic acid in 1. Its pH is: (a) 6. 5A/65.4 House no. 7. 11. 2. the pH of the solution: (a) Becomes 7 (b) Does not change (c) Becomes 2 (d) Becomes 10 The gastric juice in our stomach contains enough hydrochloric acid to make the hydrogen ion concentration about 0.00 M solution is 0. The pH of the gastric juice is: (a) 0. Ashok Rajpath. House No. The Kb for X– is 10–10. 16.0. the pH of the solution is: (a) 1.0.0 (d) 3. 9. The hydrogen ion concentration is: (b) 1 × 10–2 M (c) 1 × 10–7 M (d) 1 × 10–12 M (a) 1 × 10–14 M –1 The pH of the solution obtained by mixing 10 mL of 10 N HCl and 10 mL of 10–1 N NaOH is: (a) 8 (b) 2 (c) 7 (d) None of these Which addition would not change the pH of 10 mL of dilute hydrochloric acid ? (a) 20 mL of the same dilute hydrochloric acid (b) 5 mL of pure water (c) 20 mL of pure water (d) 10 mL of concentrated hydrochloric acid At 90ºC. The increase in hydrogen ion concentration is : (a) 1000 times (b) 5/2 times (c) 100 times (d) 5 times When the pH of a solution is 2. the pH of a 0.398 (c) 3. Khuda Baksh Library.1 M.5 An aqueous solution contains a substance which yields 4 × 10–3 mol litre–1 ion of H3O+. 5A/65. 12.01% ionized. If log 2 = 0. Patna Confidence building Problems 1. 2. Patna PIN POINT STUDY CIRCLE. Opp.01 mol/litre. Alpana Market. Opp.0 mL of dil. Mahual Kothi.68 × 108 (d) 3. HCl acid is added to 100 mL of a buffer solution of pH 4.5 (b) 2.4 will be: (a) 3.0.0 (c) 6. Patna Page No.98 × 108 (b) 3. Opp. 8.4 g of NaOH present in one litre solution shows the pH: (a) 12 (b) 2 (c) 6 (d) 10 pH of a 10–8 M solution of HCl in water is: (a) 8 (b) –8 (c) Between 7 and 8 (d) Between 6 and 7 When 1. Patna . Hydrogen ion concentration in mol/L in a solution of pH = 5. Approach Classes at: SCIENCE TUTORIALS. 5.PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY by: By: Shailendra Kumar SHAILENDRA KR.0 (b) 8.3010. 14. Mahual Kothi. pure water has [H3O+] = 10–6 mol/litre.88 × 106 (c) 3. Meq. 10.1 M solution of the acid HA will be approximately : (a) 3 (b) 5 (c) 1 (d) 6 The pH of a solution is 5. The pH of the buffer is: (a) 4 (b) 7 (c) 10 (d) 14 10–6 M HCl is diluted to 100 times.01 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 14 A certain buffer solution contains equal concentration of X– and HX.95 (d) 9. Khuda Baksh Library. 13. Alpana Market. To this solution sufficient acid is added to decrease the pH to 2.4 The pH of 1% ionised 0.

8 × 10–7 % (b) 1. 30. 28. 17.5 (c) 3. the pH of the solution would be about: (a) 7 (b) 4. 25. 27. b d b b d c 05. 19. Patna .04 g of pure NaOH is dissolved in 10 litre of distilled water. 10. Patna Page No.0 × 10–10 (c) 1 × 1010 (d) 1.005 M solution of Ba(OH)2 is: (a) 0. 12. 07.7 (c) 5.0 (d) 4. 22.05 M 0. The dissociation constant of this acid is: (a) 1.0 ? (a) 100 mL of (M/10) HCl + 100 mL of (M/10) NaOH (b) 55 mL of (M/10) HCl + 45 mL of (M/10) NaOH [Salt] (c) 10 mL of (M/10) HCl + 90 mL of (M/10) NaOH (d) 75 mL of (M/5) HCl + 25 mL of (M/5) NaOH [Acid] The number of mole of hydroxide [OH–] ion in 0. 2. 21. d a c c a c a 02.: 6 .2% ionized. 18. The concentration of [OH–] ion is: (a) 0.6 × 10–7% (d) 3.0 The pH of a simple sodium acetate and acetic acid buffer is given by. Alpana Market. 28.0 × 10–14 –5 If Ka for a weak acid is 10 . 25.8 × 10–5 The pH of a 1 × 10–8 M aqueous solution of HCl is slightly less than 7 because: (a) The ionization of HCl is incomplete (b) The ionization of water is negligible (c) The ionization of water at such a low concentration of HCl is significant (d) The ionization of both HCl and water are negligible One litre of water contains 10–7 mole H+ ions. 23. Khuda Baksh Library.3 (d) 1. 31.74): (a) 3 : 1 (b) 1 : 3 (c) 1 : 1 (d) 1 : 2 24. (pKa = 4. 20.0 × 10–4 (b) 1.02 M ammonia solution which is 5% ionized will be: (a) 2 (b) 5 (c) 7 (d) 11 Which solution will have pH closer to 1.PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 17.3 litre of 0. By: Shailendra Kumar 18.001% ionized. 15. 26.0 × 10–4. The equilibrium constant for its reaction with a strong base is: (a) 1.4 The pH of a 0. 30.0 × 103 (c) 1.0001 M (c) 0. 29. 20. Ashok Rajpath.0030 (d) 0. 19.0050 A 0. The pH of the solution is: (a) 9 (b) 10 (c) 11 (d) 12 A certain weak acid has a dissociation constant 1. Its ionization constant is: (a) 9. Mahual Kothi. 5A/65.2 molar solution of formic acid is 3.4 House no.005 M (b) 0. 06. 24.6 × 10–3 (b) 2.1 M. 11. 13. 27. The strongest acid is: (a) 2. 21. 26. c b c c d d 1.0 (b) 2. 50 mL of 2 N acetic acid mixed with 10 mL of 1N sodium acetate solution will have an approximate pH of (Ka = 10–5): (a) 4 (b) 5 (c) 6 (d) 7 A monoprotic acid in 1. 16. A 01.0 × 10–8 (d) 1.0 × 10–10 0. The ratio of [CH3COO–] / [CH3COOH] in this buffer is. 31. 29.00 M solution is 0. 23. 09.6 × 10–9 % pKa values of four acids are given below at 25ºC.8 × 10–9 % (c) 3.1 × 10–4 (c) 1. pH = pKa + log Ka of acetic acid = 1.0 × 10–3 (b) 1. pKb value of its conjugate base is: (a) 5 (b) 6 (c) 7 (d) 9 A buffer mixture of acetic acid and potassium acetate has pH = 5.0005 M (d) 0. a b a a a c N S 03.0015 (c) 0. Opp. 14.24. 22.0075 (b) 0. 08.01 M ammonia solution is 5% ionized. If [Salt] = [Acid] = 0. W a a c d b b E R S 04. Degree of ionization of water is: (a) 1. Opp.25 × 10–6 (d) 4.8 × 10–5.

Opp. Find the weight of H2SO4 in 1200 mL of a solution of 0. [Ans. [ Ans.: 6.097 mL ] 10.: 32 ] Find the milli equivalent of : (a) Ca(OH)2 in 74 g (b) NaOH in 20 g (c) H2SO4 in 2. 09.02 × 1013 g mL–1] A metal M of atomic weight 54. Mahual Kothi. What weight of Na2CO3 of 95% purity would be required to neutralize 45.2 N strenght.0 g of the acid per litre were completely neutralized by 95. Ashok Rajpath. What is the strength in g per litre of a solution of H2SO4 . Khuda Baksh Library.94 has a density of 7. [ Ans. Calculate the density of matter in F nucleus.76 g] Calculate the amount of calcium oxide required when it reacts with 852 g of P4O10 .0 g of NaOH per litre. 5A/65.6 mL of 0. What is the basicity of the acid? [ROORKEE 2000] [Ans.: Acid is dibasic] 1.: 0.: 6. The nitrate was strongly heated to give 2 g oxide. 07.: 2 g ] [Ans.: (a) 2000 (b) 500 (c) 50 ] 05.: 1008 g ] 08. 11.PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY by: By: Shailendra Kumar SHAILENDRA KR.42 g/cm3. Ashok Rajpath.0 cm3 of aqueous NaOH containing 40.[ IIT 2005] [ Ans.5 g of copper II carbonate? [ IIT 1999] [Ans. Approach Classes at: SCIENCE TUTORIALS.235 N acid . Opp.: radius = 1.: 11. 02. Khuda Baksh Library. Assume that the nucleus of the F atom is a sphere of radius 5 × 10-13 cm.23 × 10–23cm3] 03. Opp.: V = 8.0. Find the weight of NaOH in its 50 milli equivalents.125 g/litre] The formula weight of an acid is 82.: 7 . 12 mL of which neutralized 15 mL of N/10 NaOH solution? [Ans. volume = 1. 04. Meq. [Ans. Patna Page No. Patna Confidence building Problems 01.5 M H2SO4 are needed to dissolve 0. 5A/65. Opp. Patna PIN POINT STUDY CIRCLE. Calculate the volume occupied and the radius of the atom of this metal assuming it to be sphere. Calculate equivalent weight of metal. Patna . Alpana Market.60 g of a metal were dissolved in HNO3 to prepare its nitrate.432 × 10–8 cm. Mahual Kothi. 100 cm3 of a solution of this acid containing 39.4 House no. 1.5978 g ] How many millilitre of 0. 2. House No.45 g [ Ans. 06. [ Ans. Alpana Market.

Alpana Market.: (a) 0. [Ans.: 49 ] 19.: V = 25 L ] 1. By: Shailendra Kumar Calculate the normality of the resulting solution made by adding 2 drops (0. Opp.: V = 10 mL ] Find out equivalent weight of H3PO4 in the reaction Ca(OH)2 + H3PO4 ––––→ CaHPO4 + 2H2O 20. Khuda Baksh Library. [ Ans.84 g] 17. Two litre of NH3 at 30ºC and 0.1 N H2SO4 in 1 litre of distilled water. What volume of a solution of hydrochloric acid containing 73 g of acid per litre would suffice for the exact neutralization of sodium hydroxide obtained by allowing 0.6 mL] 14.2 M HCl (c) 100 mL of 0. 2.: 8 .: N = 0.9 ] 16.1 N HCl + 50 mL of 0.: (a) 0. 13. What volume of 0. (b) 0. Opp. Patna .: 537.46 g of metallic sodium to act upon water? [UPSEAT 1997] [ Ans.2 M H2SO4 + 200 mL of 0.84 g (d) 0.84 g (c) 0. What volume of water is required to make 0.267.20 N solution from 1600 mL of 0. 5A/65.: 40 mL ] 18.2 N ? [UPSEAT 1991] [Ans.1. Calculate normality of H2SO4 .2050 N solution? [Ans.2 M NaOH (d) 1 g equivalent of NaOH + 100 mL of 0.84 g (b) 0.1 mL) of 0. (d) 9.2 M H2SO4 + 100 mL of 0. Ashok Rajpath.0 g of H2S by the reaction? [ Ans.4 House no.12 ] Calculate normality of mixture obtained by mixing: (a) 100 mL of 0.25 N NaOH (b) 100 mL of 0. 8KI + 5H2SO4 ––––→ 4K2SO4 + 4I2 + H2S + 4H2O [ Ans. Calculate the amount of KOH required to neutralize 15 Meq.PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 12. of the following: (a) HCl (b) KHSO4 (c) N2O5 (d) CO2. (c) 0.20 atmosphere is neutralized by 134 mL of a solution of H2SO4 .0167. Patna Page No. Mahual Kothi. 15.1 N HCl [Ans.: N = 10–5] What volume at NTP of ammonia gas will be required to be passed into 30 mL of N H2SO4 solution to bring down the acid normality to 0. [ Ans.20 M H2SO4 is required to produce 34.