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Submitted in Partial Fulfillment for the award Of Master of Business Administration ( 2007-2010)

Submitted To: Amity University To:

Submitted By: SANDEEP KUMAR ROLL. NO. A1920209161

Amity School of Distance Learning (ASoDL)


PRAPOSED TABLE OF CONTENTS:The Chapter Scheme in the project is planned to be under : Content Page No CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER 3 CHAPTER 4 CHAPTER 5 CHAPTER 6 CHAPTER 7 CHAPTER 8 Title Introduction Objectives & Scope of Project Research Methodology Data Collection Data Analysis Findings Recommendation Conclusion APPENDICES AND ANNEXURES BIBLIOGRAPHY 2 .

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In this Project. cost-benefit analysis. The case study clearly shows how companies can work together in a harmonic and synchronised system meeting probably the most idealistic manufacturing principles (JIT) to produce the best quality product within the shortest time frame with minimum/no wastage and cost-effective to all parties. The concept has been is due to be adopt. This is possibly one of the most interesting manufacturing revolution where companies involved in the production are integrated not only in their business processes moreover in their physical plants. adequate outsourcing plans and customer orientation are being praises as the key success factors of this amazing Just-In-Time concept. I am going to examining the implementation of Just-In-Time methodology in Moser Bear for its CD Making plant. Although this system was initially developed for automobile industry but now the scene have changed this system is equally usefully for other production houses also. Careful production planning. 3 .


lesser space requirement. an attempt is made to reach the goals of driving all queues toward zero and achieving the ideal lot size of one unit. since the key behind a successful implementation of JIT is the reduction of inventory levels at the various stations of the production line to the absolute minimum. improving product quality. in the olden days. The goal of JIT. underutilized (excess) capacity is used instead of buffer inventories to hedge against problems that may arise. Thus.JIT (also known as lean production or stockless production) should improve profits and return on investment by reducing inventory levels (increasing the inventory turnover rate). balanced flow of materials throughout the entire production process. similar to that found in an assembly line. higher equipment utilization. reducing variability. better on-time delivery performance. and reducing other costs (such as those associated with machine setup and equipment breakdown). therefore. This necessitates good coordination between stations such that every station produces only the exact volume that 5 . and greater profits. JIT is also known as lean production or stockless production. The general idea is to establish flow processes (even when the facility uses a jobbing or batch process layout) by linking work centers so that there is an even. JIT is used not to reduce manufacturing wastage. This will result in shorter throughput times. but primarily to produce goods so that customer orders are met exactly when they need the products. Waste results from any activity that adds cost without adding value. JIT was developed as a means of meeting customer demands with minimum delays. In a JIT system. reducing production and delivery lead times. is to minimize the presence of non-value-adding operations and non-moving inventories in the production line.What is JIT and Introduction Just-in-time (JIT) is a management philosophy that strives to eliminate sources of manufacturing waste by producing the right part in the right place at the right time. lower costs. such as moving and storing. JIT applies primarily to repetitive manufacturing processes in which the same products and components are produced over and over again. To accomplish this.

JIT is most applicable to operations or production flows that do not change. that's precisely the challenge of JIT . But. This set-up ensures that the materials will undergo manufacturing without queuing or stoppage. there are some semiconductor companies that don't practice JIT for the simple reason that their operations are too complex for JIT application. with JIT.creation of a production set-up that is simple enough to allow JIT. An example of this would be an automobile assembly line. there are no buffers to hide problems and thus. (find a semi conductor factory) Inventory stocks allow production process to continue even when some problem occurs. Another important aspect of JIT is the use of a 'pull' system to move inventories through the production line. those that are simply repeated over and over again. It is therefore necessary under JIT to define a process by which the pulling of lots from one station to the next is facilitated. Thus. Under such a system. i. On the other hand. the requirements of the next station are what modulate the production of a particular station. such that bottlenecks in the production line are eliminated. inventory stocks act like a buffers to hide any problem that may occur. occurrence of problem can shut down the entire production process.the next station needs.. wherein every car undergoes the same production process as the one before it. The JIT system consists of defining the production flow and setting up the production floor such that the flow of materials as they get manufactured through the line is smooth and unimpeded. a station pulls in only the exact volume that it needs from the preceding station. On the other hand. Some semiconductor companies have likewise practiced JIT successfully. thereby reducing material waiting time. This requires that the capacities of the various workstations that the materials pass through are very evenly matched and balanced. In a way. JIT philosophy helps organization to prominently 6 .e. Still.

as an attitude and approach. of problem. everything is subject to analysis. rather than effects. Just-in-time manufacturing is a process where suppliers deliver inventory to the factory only when it's needed for assembly. it is believed that the root causes of most problems are due to faulty production process design. Companies are beginning to turn to Internetbased technologies to communicate with their suppliers. making the just-in-time ordering and delivery process speedier and more flexible. It is clear.expose problems and thus. Hence. with JIT. to expose and correct problems at source. The reduction of 'Non-Value- Added' activities is achieved mainly through increasing manufacturing flexibility and improved quality. 7 . JIT is an extremely powerful tool to identify where improvements should be made. With JIT. Failures and exceptions are treated as opportunities to improve the system. bring a clear focus on removal of it at source. It helps you to identify cause (not the effect) of problem and its elimination. within a culture of constant analysis and improvement. It is a system of trouble-shooting. JIT and TQM are perfectly complimentary to each other. JIT initiates failures due to problems to expose them. so as to avoid wasting resources on production of defective products. nothing is taken for granted. Each activity is identified as either Value-Added' or 'Non-Value-Added'. In fact. by eliminating the cause.

Instead of large lot production . but also required a lot of effort in storing and managing them. One motivated reason for developing JIT and some other better production techniques was that after World War II. Other implied problems such as parts storage. they awaked that they should produce more diversified goods. the existing system could not reduce cost any further but remember improvement always leads to cost reduction. equipment breakdowns. There was also a problem of rising cost. The main concern at that time was to meet consumer demands. this included inventory problem. many companies followed up and around mid 1970s'. seeked continuous improvement. product defects. Japanese people had a very strong incentive to develop a good manufacturing technique to help them rebuilding the economy. It was first adopted by Toyota manufacturing plants by Taiichi Ohno.History of Just in Time: Just-In-Time is a Japanese manufacturing management method developed in 1970s. group conscious rather than individualism and achieved common goal. This kind of motivation had driven Japanese economy to succeed. After the first introduction of JIT by Toyota. They must create a "defect-free" process. 8 . Because of the natural constraints and the economy constraints after World War II. large lot production and delivery delays. life commitment to work. and uneven production levels. there were a lot of manufacturing defects for the existing system at that time. They worked on "optimal cost/quality relationship". Before the introduction of JIT. They also had a strong working ethnic which was concentrated on work rather than leisure. risen cost. Because of the success of JIT management. manufacturers knew that only one single product defects can destroy the producer's credibility. According to Hirano. Taiichi Ohno was named the Father of JIT.producing one type of products. it gained extended support and widely used by many companies. The inventory problems included the unused accumulated inventory that was not only unproductive. For the product defects. Japanese Manufacturers looked for a way to gain the most efficient use of limited resources.

9 . so.Lastly. there was a need to have a faster and reliable delivery system in order to handle customers' needs. Thus. the existing system did not manage well for fast delivery request. JIT manufacturing management was developed based on these problems.


high margins. Along the way. Switzerland. technology. Since inception. exporting approximately 85 percent of its production. the company announced its foray into the Photovoltaic and Home Entertainment businesses. Aiding the company in its efforts has been a carefully-planned and sustainable business model . product flexibility and process integration. it graduated to manufacturing 3. Moser Baer has always endeavored to create its space in the international market. reinvestment and capacity growth. In 1999. high profits.creating a facility that matched global standards in terms of size. 11 .5inch Micro Floppy Diskettes (MFD). The company is today the only large Indian manufacturer of magnetic and optical media data storage products. The strategy for the optical media project was identical to what had successfully been implemented in the diskette business . Moser Baer India moved into the data storage industry by commencing manufacturing of 5. Moser Baer India set up a 150-million unit capacity plant to manufacture Recordable Compact Disks (CD-Rs) and Recordable Digital Versatile Disks (DVD-Rs). In 1988. Japan and Moser Baer Sumiswald. deep relationships have been forged with leading OEMs.low costs. quality. In 2006. with the result that today there are hardly any global technology brands in the optical media segment that Moser Baer is not associated with. the IT Peripherals and Consumer Electronics division was formed.HISTORY Moser Baer India was founded in New Delhi in 1983 as a Time Recorder unit in technical collaboration with Maruzen Corporation. In 2007.25-inch Floppy Diskettes. By 1993.

Moser Baer products can meet any recording requirement. Moser Baer started the production of CDR’s in the year 1999. Whether it is archiving important files. One of the principal drivers of this growth has been the increasing “attach rate” of CD-R drives in PC’s and the widespread usage of CD-R media for information storage and data interchange. Currently Moser Baer is producing two kinds of CDR’s viz. the life cycle of CD-R should get elongated. distributing corporate information or duplicating small volume production runs.Product STORAGE MEDIA The company manufactures the entire spectrum of optical storage media products including Recordable Compact Discs (CD-R). drive popularity Backward compatibility: Virtually all DVD drives being currently sold. Importantly. Rewritable Compact Discs (CD-RW). Digital Versatile Disks (DVD-R) and Rewritable Digital Versatile Disks (DVD-RW) and Blue Laser Discs in the optical storage media segment. consumption of recordable media is expected to substantially increase and usage is expected to become broader based. CD-R Demand Drivers  A high PC penetration: As more PCs are sold with Recordable CD and DVD drives. At that time it came out with only “Pro CDR’s”. can also record CD-R disks. the latest DVD drives are also backward compatible to CD-R media. also most DVD recorders. It would be important to note that the CD format is well entrenched in hundreds of millions of homes and offices and is the only medium virtually guaranteeing information interchange. In the Magnetic Data Storage category Moser Baer manufactures Compact Cassettes. Prerecorded CD/DVD. CD-R demand has witnessed explosive growth over the last few years (1998-2002 CAGR 109 per cent). Micro Floppy Disks (MFD) and Digital Audio Tapes (DAT). 12 . can playback CD disks. Price of drives: As prices of recordable CD drives have reached levels almost that of Read only. Moser Baer Pro CDR’s and Moser Baer Mini CDR’s.    Lengthened PC life: As there has been a perceptible extension in the life cycle of the PC during the global economic slowdown.

including the installed base of DVD drives.0 billion and growing. Varieties of CD-Rs       Moser Baer Super: Ideal for all general Data. Moser Baer Extra: 700 MB/80 min. Legacy installed bases: There are over 1. Moser Baer Thermal: For thermal printing surface applications. and large storage capacity (700MB). Moser Baer Premium: Ideal for critical archival applications and increased security. Moser Baer Printable: 650 MB/75 min with unique printable layer. Recordable CD disks should be in use well into this decade. for enhanced storage capacity. the number increases to over 2.  Due to the differences in applications. which can read CD disks. Audio. 13 . Moser Baer Audio: For optimum recording of music in real-time applications.5 billion drives installed worldwide. Video recording applications.


To understand how JIT is effective for effective production To study implementation of JIT at Moserbear To study impact on production on different machines Secondary objective of my study is as follows 1. 3. 2.Objectives Following are the primary objective of my study 1. To SWOT Analyses Moserbear 3. To study the JIT and its History 15 . To Study business of Mosetbear 2.


Though each research study has it’s own specific purposes but the research objectives can be listed into a number of broad activities.To test hypothesis of a casual relationship between variables. The increasing complex nature of business and government has focused attention on the use of research in solving operational problems. Studies this object in view are termed as exploratory or formulative research studies. To gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to achieve new insights into it. Doubt is often better than over confidence . To portray accurately the characteristics of a particular individual. The role of research in several fields of applied economics. as following :1. 4. Research inculcates scientific and inductive thinking and it promotes the development of logical habits of thinking and organization . has gained added importance .studies with this object in view are known as descriptive research studies. 3. both for government and business.To determine the frequency with which something occurs or with which it is associated with something else. Studies with this object in view are known as diagnostic research studies. whether related to as a business or to the economy as a whole. with Significance of research “All process is born of in enquiry .RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Objectives of research The purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through the application of scientific procedure. Increased amounts of research make progress possible. 17 . has a greatly increased in modern times. situation or group . Such studies are known as hypothesis-testing research studies. as an aid to economic policy . The main aim of research is to find out the truth which is hidden and which has not been discovered yet. 2. for it leads to in enquiry and in enquiry leads to invention”. Is a famous Hudson maxim in context of which the significance of research can well be understood. Research .

e.Research Methodology . Sample: production of three machines before and after JST 18 . primary and secondary. newspapers . books. Data Source The data will be collected from two sources. I will collect entire data of this project from production department and from SECONDRY SOURCES like websites. i.