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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, also known as CPR, is a set of basic emergency skills designed to help save a person's life when her heart has stopped beating or she has stopped breathing. The American Heart Association, or AHA, emphasizes the importance of CPR by stating that CPR, performed in an effective and timely manner, can double a person's chance of survival. Function of CPR The purpose of CPR is to provide critical body organs with oxygen-rich blood, according Medline Plus. CPR performs two basic functions: Chest compressions help maintain the circulation of blood throughout the victim's body to vital organs in the absence of a pulse, and rescue breathing, such as mouth-to-mouth, helps provide the victim's blood with oxygen in the absence of normal breathing. Why Is CPR Important? When a person stops breathing or his heart stops beating, his body organs no longer are receiving the oxygen needed to stay alive, and the tissues will ultimately begin to die. The most vital organ that must be protected is the brain; in the absence of a pulse or respirations, a person's brain will undergo permanent damage after only four minutes, according to Medline Plus. Performing effective CPR keeps the blood oxygenated and keeps the brain supplied with the oxygen it needs to stay alive and avoid damage.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR): Adult
Check for responsiveness 1. Check for responsiveness. Shake or tap the person gently. See if the person moves or makes a noise. Shout, "Are you OK?" 2. Call 911 if there is no response. Shout for help and send someone to call 911. If you are alone, call 911 and retrieve an automated external defibrillator (AED) if one is available, even if you have to leave the person. 3. Carefully place the person on their back. If there is a chance the person has a spinal injury, two people should move the person to prevent the head and neck from twisting.

Chest compressions 4. Perform chest compressions: Place the heel of one hand on the breastbone – just below the nipples. Place the heel of your other hand on top of the first hand. Position your body directly over your hands. Give 30 chest compressions. These compressions should be FAST and hard. Press down about 2 inches into the chest. Each time, let the chest rise completely. Count the 30

Watch for chest movement. "Are you OK?" 2. push down on the forehead with the other hand. two people should move the child to prevent the head and neck from twisting. Open the airway. Check for responsiveness. Lift up the chin with 2 fingers. Keep the chin lifted and head tilted.19. listen. Look. Send someone to call 911 and retrieve an automated external defibrillator (AED) if one is available. off.2.5. Periodically re-check for breathing until help arrives. Carefully place the child on their back.25. place them in the recovery position. Feel for breath on your cheek.16. At the same time.4. If an AED for adults is available.28.6." Check for breathing 5.11. 8.20. If there is no response. 3. . Place your ear close to the person’s mouth and nose.26.15.9. If there is a chance the child has a spinal injury. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR): child 1 to 8 years old Check for responsiveness 1.10. Person not breathing 7.27.21. If the person starts breathing again. Shake or tap the child gently. Give 2 breaths. Continue CPR (30 chest compressions followed by 2 breaths.12.14.2 compressions quickly: "1. 6. then repeat) until the person recovers or help arrives.24. Do not leave the child alone to call 911 and retrieve an AED until you have performed CPR for about 2 minutes.29.22. Shout.23. shout for help. and feel for breathing. If the person is not breathing or has trouble breathing: Cover the person’s mouth tightly with your mouth.18.17. See if the child moves or makes a noise.8.13.3.30.7. Pinch the nose closed. Each breath should take about a second and make the chest rise. use it as soon as possible.

Give two breaths.15. and feel for breathing.5. 7.27.7.16. keeping the head tilted back. then repeat) for about 2 minutes.13. use it now. Look. or any movement.23.3 Chest compressions 4. coughing.12.6.25. Each time. . If an AED for children is available. After about 2 minutes of CPR. If the child is not breathing: Cover the child's mouth tightly with your mouth. Make sure your heel is not at the very end of the breastbone.21. if the child still does not have normal breathing.10.26. Perform chest compressions: Place the heel of one hand on the breastbone -. Place your ear close to the child's mouth and nose.22. These compressions should be FAST and hard with no pausing. Repeat rescue breathing and chest compressions until the child recovers or help arrives.18. Feel for breath on your cheek. Count the 30 compressions quickly: "1. At the same time.17. let the chest rise completely.24. Watch for chest movement.9. 6.20. place them in the recovery position.19. Give 30 chest compressions.11.8.30. off. Periodically re-check for breathing until help arrives. 9. Each breath should take about a second and make the chest rise. push down on the forehead with the other hand. Press down on the child's chest so that it compresses about 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest. listen. Open the airway. Continue CPR (30 chest compressions followed by 2 breaths.3.14. If the child starts breathing again.2. Keep your other hand on the child's forehead.4.29.28. leave the child if you are alone andcall 911. 10." Child not breathing 5. Keep the chin lifted and head tilted. Lift up the chin with one hand. Pinch the nose closed.just below the nipples. 8.

Keep your other hand on the infant’s forehead. 3. See if the infant moves or makes a noise.22. If there is no response. At the same time. push down on the forehead with the other hand.4 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR): infant Check for responsiveness 1.24. Place your ear close to the infant’s mouth and nose. Each time.25. keeping the head tilted back. If the infant starts breathing again.18. Alternatively. Carefully place the infant on their back. Watch for chest movement. Repeat rescue breathing and chest compressions until the infant recovers or help arrives. Shake or tap the infant gently. After about 2 minutes of CPR.16. 10. Shout. off. Periodically re-check for breathing until help arrives. Lift up the chin with one hand.30. Continue CPR (30 chest compressions followed by 2 breaths.3.just below the nipples.9. Give 30 chest compressions. Each breath should take about a second and make the chest rise. and feel for breathing. shout for help. Hold the mouth shut. cover just the nose. Perform chest compressions: Place 2 fingers on the breastbone -.19.15.8. Check for responsiveness. Give 2 breaths.20. coughing. . Do not leave the infant yourself to call 911 until you have performed CPR for about 2 minutes. if the infant still does not have normal breathing. Open the airway.” Infant not breathing 5.26.2. If the infant is not breathing: Cover the infant’s mouth and nose tightly with your mouth.27. listen. Chest compressions 4. If there is a chance the infant has a spinal injury. let the chest rise completely. leave the infant to call 911.28. “Are you OK?” 2.2 3. Send someone to call 911.17. Look. place them in the recovery position.14.6.13.5. Count the 30 compressions quickly: “1.7. Press down on the infant’s chest so that it compresses about 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest. Keep the chin lifted and head tilted. two people should move the infant to prevent the head and neck from twisting.29.12.21. or any movement. Feel for breath on your cheek. These compressions should be FAST and hard with no pausing. then repeat) for about 2 minutes.11. 9. Make sure not to press at the very end of the breastbone. 8. 6.10.4. 7.