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Yongyan Wang 1, Hongxia Zhang1, Shuai Luo 1, Caihong Yue 1, Xin He 2 (1. College of Electro-Mechanical Engineering ,Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong 266061; 2.Qingdao Hongda textile machinery Co., Ltd. Qingdao, Shandong 266042) Abstract: By means of SAP software and ANSYS software, China's independently developed 27m 2 large-scale sized linear screener is studied. At the same time the type and model of vibration screener are analyzed through experiment and emulation, and the methodology of numerical calculation and test technology on large riddle machine are explored. Through comparative analysis, the design of screeneris improved. And resonance vibration and fatigue damage are avoided. It makes an in-depth exploration of China's Large-sized Vibration Screener. Key words: Screener; modal analysis; Numerical Calculation; natural frequency

1. Introduction With the popularization and application of the deepcoal-processing technology, the major coal-washing and coal-selecting equipment—— vibrating screener is under development toward large-size and rapidity. But in the course of large-sized screener’s work, screener body bears the combined action of exciting force generated by vibration exciter, impact of materials movement on the surface of the screen and spring's support force. And the overall and the local structures of screener may generate vibration resonance, which leads to destruction and therefore affects the reliability and its service life. Thro ugh the research of specific application of systematic identification in the field of engineering vibration. At present, the main analyzing methods are numerical modal analysis and experimental modal analysis. The former mainly uses finite element technology to separate flexible structure into limited number of specific quality units and flexible characteristic units. After separating, computer theoretically calculates in the method of arithmetic calculation. Experimental modal analysis artificially vibrates structures in the rest. Experimental Modal Analysis is to excite the structure in a static state by measuring the exciting force and the response dual-channel Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis, getting mechanical admittance function (transfer function) of any two points[3]. Transfer function is the ratio of output signals X(jω) and input signals F(jω) . That is:

large-sized screener use, we find that the damage are mainly in the form of lower beams breakage, cracking of both sides of screener and cracking of the beam of discharge mouth and front sides[1]. As a result, in the design and improvement of large-sized vibrating screener structure, the resonance of structure should fully be considered. In this paper, 27m2 large-sized linear screener, studied by Tangshan Coal Research Branch of Beijing Coal Science Research Institute, is our research object to conduct the modal analysis of real type test and model test with the aid of SAP and ANSYS soft wares [2]. 2 .The Methodology of Modal Analysis

Modal analysis is a method of modern analysis which studies the properties of structural characteristics and is the

H ( jω) =

X ( jω) F ( jω)

（1（

The basic theory of modal analysis by transfer function is based on modal analysis. After dealing with separation, the dynamic equation of more than a degree of freedom linear structure is

[ M ] { x′ } + [ C ] { x′} + [ K ] { x} = { f (t )}

（2（

We identify the modal parameters of the structure with the theory of modal analysis, and fit the curve of the test admittance function

The project was funded by the open National Science Fund （the application and research of deep rock mechanics basic （50490275（ Author’s introduction: Yongyan Wang, male, 51, Jinzhou, Liaoning province, Doctor, Professor, the tutor of doctors, National teaching teacher. Studying on Computational mechanics simulation and structure prediction, Vibration and control, mine pressure and control, etc.

4×105 into the equations. they are Design-induced disturbance power are known.4 × 105 sin(ω t +140°)(N) (8) Fy 2 = Fy 4 =2.in order to establish the model of the structure. the course of response and response spectrum of the actual structure can be predicted in the case of a variety of load time course known. lateral plate and rubber pedestal. Professor. And rotating speeds are uniform.4 × 10 sin(ω t +50 )(N) (10) Therefore. we mainly Fig. Eccentric vibration of axial beam ends drive the five eccentric blocks through the motor. the force of the total synthesis in the The project was funded by the open National Science Fund （the application and research of deep rock mechanics basic （50490275（ Author’s introduction: Yongyan Wang. 4 . 51. The included angle is 40° the vertical line of the two axis centers connect line of the exciter in each side plate and the horizontal line.bottom beam （ 4. the flat-slab theory of the finite element method is mainly used. The Working Principle of Large-sized Linear Screener Six rubber springs support the whole box of 27 m 2 large-sized Linear Screener. According to the principle of modal superposition. Jinzhou. And there are the vertical strengthening ribs and T-angle steel in the support direction of the screener box. etc. In the analysis with SAP software. . the initial phases are same. Fx1 = P0 sin(ωt + 40° ) = Fx 3 ° ° (3) (5) (6) Fy1 = −P0 sin(50 − ωt ) = P0 sin(ωt − 50 ) = Fy 3 (4) Fx 2 = P0 sin(ωt + 140° ) = Fx 4 Fy 2 = −P0 sin(ωt + 50° ) = Fy 4 take P=2. 2. rubber pedestal（ 2.The Modal Analysis with SAP and Real Type Experiment 27m2 large-sized linear screener belongs to the typical flat-slab structure. as shown in Fig. The analysis graph of Oscillating screener exciting and disturbing force is shown in Fig. the tutor of doctors. then Fx1 = Fz 3 =2.1 Oscillating screen exciting and disturbing force analysis graph separate 27m2 large-sized linear screener into bottom beam. five entablatures and nine lower separators through the rivets. sieve top beam The vertical beams and the bridging beams of largesized linear vibrating screener bottom and the roof beams are Fx 2 = Fx 4 =2. 3. male. imaginary beam （5.1. Studying on Computational mechanics simulation and structure prediction. Both sides connect with two axial beams.1.2 Large linear vibrating screen mechanical model finite element mesh 1. 4. Then the entire screener structure vibrates along with the straight-line in the horizontal angle of 40 °. Then centrifugal inertial force generated by eccentric wheels in each of the instantaneous always offset each other along the direction X. mine pressure and control. Vibration and control. Doctor. Produced exciting composite forces make the body of the screener to reciprocally vibrate in the Y direction. in this paper.4 × 105 sin(ω t −50°)(N) 5 ° (7) (9) Fig. National teaching teacher. vibration direction of the excitation disturbances power is as follows: Fx = F合 sin 40° F合 = 4 P cos ω t = (11) 0 ° Fy = F合 sin 50 Eccentric quality of two eccentric axes in exciter is equal to eccentricity. The exciter is driven by two timing electric motors. Liaoning province. lateral plate（ 3. The Establishment of Mechanics Model In order to make mechanics model to well respond to the real situation of the structure.4 × 105 sin(ω t +40°)(N) Fy1 = Fy 3 =2. and the component forces along the Y direction are always superposed reciprocally. rotating directions are opposite.

And the plate ribs of both side plates and the plait edges of screener side edges are also simplified into link elements.5051 22.264 24. And part of natural frequencies mode were shown in table 1. 4. Fig. . and the result is as follows: Table2 The natural frequency of real type Modal order 1 2 3 4 5 6 Natural frequency 1.697 11. There are a total of 271 link elements. 51. 24mm and 44 mm . Doctor. male.4.633).3.2138 X-Y asymmetric X direction of the dislocation Y direction of the dislocation X direction of the bend Description mode Technology University.3. Table 1 Part of its natural frequency and model of screen Modal order 7 8 9 10 Natural frequency 10.280 14. The Experimental Modal Analysis of Real Type In this paper. we know that the results of the natural frequency of real type experiment and simulation are close. only exceeding 10% (that is 1. National teaching teacher. And the 8th and 9th order natural frequency are close to the working frequency of the screener enough to meet the design requirements of the project.4027 11.533 4. Jinzhou. Vibration and control.834 27. the tutor of doctors. etc. 15 cross-section characters and 3 kinds of materials together with the spring supports and imaginary beams. The mock result proves right.2 . 2 real type physical prototype Fig. thickness respectively are 12mm. And six nodes of spring supports are fixed nodes. The Sub-frame of Dynamic tests are shown in Fig. Studying on Computational mechanics simulation and structure prediction.simplified into link elements. mine pressure and control.4. The 3 kinds of materials are the steel of main structures. Liaoning province. the rubber of spring beams and no quality materials of imaginary beams. Taking into account two-level and three-level riveting of the side positions.2745 18.There are 264 plate elements and 353 nodes of the entire computing model. experimental modal analysis is carried out on the physical prototype of 27m large-sized linear vibrating screener by the cooperation of the strength and vibration testing centers of Dalian University of Technology as well as Mechanics Experiment and Testing Center of Liaoning Engineering The project was funded by the open National Science Fund （the application and research of deep rock mechanics basic （50490275（ Author’s introduction: Yongyan Wang.The Results of Numerical Modal Analysis with SAP The first 30-order natural frequencies of the screener were solved in this calculation. The Comparison of SAP Software Calculations and Experimental Real Type Results The result shows that the 9th order natural frequency is closest to the working frequency of the screener.4 Relativity of the extracted models frequency by both model test and FEM From Fig. 4. Professor.013 21.3 The sub-frame of dynamic tests The experimental result extracted the first 9-order natural frequency of the structure.

we can see that the working frequency of screen is close to the natural frequency (The working frequency is 16. National teaching teacher. Vibration and control.1. Liaoning province. The edges of the roll side will also be strengthened in this article. there are 1822 SHELL99 units.617 4 5 2. we conclude that the model built is correct with SAP software and the calculating results are also credible. In this model.7335 Fig.6.4469 1. piezoelectric acceleration sensor.The use of the experimental device is developed by Beijing Pope WS-5294 hammering vibration system. Studying on Computational mechanics simulation and structure prediction. Through the real type experiment modal analysis and (SAP software) finite element method modal analysis.0923 2 3 1.5 Finite element model of linear screener 5. Calculating modal parameters. The Results of Numerical Modal Analysis with ANSYS The first 8-order natural frequencies of screener were calculated. mine pressure and control. The 108 points are selected in this experiment. By comparing. the author believes that the structure would be ideal and linear. COMBINE14 and MASS21 of ANSYS are used to analyze a model.645 6 7 3. Among them. SHELL99. data acquisition and laptop. It shows that it is easy for the screener to produce noise and fatigue damage when the working frequency of the screener in the course of its work is close to the natural frequency. 796 BEAM189 units. and the total weight is 50kg. And there are a variety of different crosssection shapes of the strengthening beams as well as the connecting beams. The Establishment of FEM Model According to the study of the screener design drawings. there are 2369 elements. the side screener frame are divided into three parts and welded with steel plate of the different thickness and the same materials. multichannel charge amplifier. male.5. Finite element model of the linear screener is shown in Fig. Professor.3 . And The project was funded by the open National Science Fund （the application and research of deep rock mechanics basic （50490275（ Author’s introduction: Yongyan Wang.1330Hz.The Analysis of Model Experiment According to the ratio of 1:10.8748 3. etc. make the results produce bias. 12 COMBINE units and 4 MASS21 units.039462 （whole（the rigid moving of X direction （whole（the rotation in X-Z plane （whole（the rigid moving of Z direction （whole（the rotation in X-Y plane （whole（the rigid moving of Y direction （whole（the rotation in Y-Z plane （whole（the torsional vibration of X direction （whole（along the vertical dislocation 5. 8 16. we set up model prototype of a straight line screener as is shown in Fig. The way of hammer experimental modal analysis is used. such as non-linear factors. And the support mode is simulating real-screener support. Jinzhou. and it includes power hammer. The Screener Modal Analysis with ANSYS and Model Experiment 5.2. It was simplified on the condition of not affecting the accuracy. Doctor.8790 13. but the objective factors of the actual structure. The results of real type experiment are bigger than the results of simulation. And the results are shown in Table 4. 5. Table 4 The first 30-order natural frequency of screener Moda l order 1 0. Natural frequency Description mode . 51.333Hz).And the biggest difference is 4. And the strengthening beams and side plates are welded （ the beams and the side plates are connected by rivets. the tutor of doctors. BEAM189. But the bias is not large. The first 6order natural frequencies of the structure are extracted.

make the results produce bias.333Hz).6 The model of screener 5. 6（ Conclusions Based on similar principles.516 Hz. National teaching teacher.The measured value of Natural frequency （B.the results are shown in Table 5. Both of results were compared and respectively compared to the results of FEM.21 35.The calculated value of Natural frequency Fig. The results of model experiment are bigger than the results of （ ANSYS simulation. And the first 6order natural frequencies were respectively extracted. And the accuracy of the finite element Fig. such as non-linear factors. But the bias is not large. Through the model experiment modal analysis and (ANSYS software) finite element method modal analysis.7. and the structure should be ideal and linear.41 26. 1:10 of the model of Note （ A. the results of the two modal approaches were analyzed.95 43. we can see that the working frequency of the screener is close to the natural frequency (The working frequency is 16. mine pressure and control. The model screener can replace the real-type one to a certain extent. Studying on Computational mechanics simulation and structure prediction. it can be concluded: ⑴ The model and the real type of screener simplified were still similar in the dynamic properties. The author believes that the energy of model was verified. several frequencies are close.08 A B Description mode The overall vibration of screener frame 2 3 4 5 6 12. But the objective factors of the actual structure.402%. ⑵ Although the natural frequencies of the real type experiment and FEM are different in modal order.7 relativity of the extracted models frequency by both model test and ANSYS Calculations From Fig. Liaoning province. etc. Besides.13 11.56 48. . The real type prototype and the model of screener were modal analyzed. The smallest margin of natural frequency made by model experiment is 12. 51. Table 5 The natural frequency of model structure Modal order 1 1. Doctor.4. we know that the results of the natural frequency of model experiment and ANSYS simulation are close. At the same time.94%. when the working frequency of the screener in the course of its work is close to the natural frequency. Jinzhou.16 1. The Comparison of ANSYS Calculations and Experimental Model Results linear vibrating screener was created according to the principles of simplification. ⑶ It is easy for the screener to produce noise and fatigue damage when its working frequency in the course of work is close to the natural frequency of model and FEM. And it is necessary to revise the dynamic aspects of the screener. we conclude that the model built is correct with ANSYS software and the calculating results are also credible. the tutor of doctors. We found that a natural frequency is close to the working frequency.70 22. It also shows that it is easy for the screener to produce noise and fatigue damage. Vibration and control. And the biggest difference is 3. male. Professor. By comparing the results.74 43. and the smallest margin thought finite element calculation is 1. By comparing.96 torsion bend Second bend Third bend bend hammering is not enough to inspire all modes of model in the model experiment.47 23.75 53. ⑷ Experimental modal analysis and finite element The project was funded by the open National Science Fund （the application and research of deep rock mechanics basic （50490275（ Author’s introduction: Yongyan Wang. when we calculate the modal parameters in the finite element method.

. mine pressure and control.method supply and verify each other. Minerals Engineering. 7. South Africa. The Analysis of Large-sized linear screener[J] Mechanical Engineers. References [1]Yongyan Wang （ Yinglou Tai. the tutor of doctors. Increased screening efficiency using a Kroosher unit coupled with a Sweco screener. Liaoning province.2002 （ 107 （ 110 The project was funded by the open National Science Fund （the application and research of deep rock mechanics basic （50490275（ Author’s introduction: Yongyan Wang.The dynamic simulation study of large-sized linear screener [J] Journal of Computational Mechanics. etc. National teaching teacher.A. 51. Doctor. w. male. Vibration and control. Studying on Computational mechanics simulation and structure prediction.2001（18（:94（98 [2]Lijuan Wu （Huibin Li.2004（8（45（47 [3]Vorster. the results tend to produce bias. Schiefer. F. No matter which methods they are.. For precise modal analysis of the structure of screener.Qihan Xun. the two methods are often compared with each other and verify. Professor. Jinzhou. （ Hinde.

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