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Magazine of the Aberdeen and London Sections of the Society of Petroleum Engineers

Issue 208 May 2007

The challenge of tail-end production


SPE distinguished lecturer Wolfram Kleinitz of Gaz de France Produktion Exploration Deutschland will discuss the challenge of tail-end production with regard to sustainable operating strategy at the next London Section meeting on Tuesday 22 May.
The panel session will focus on bridging the gap managing the transition for young professionals in the petroleum industry. Two speakers from BG will address this topic: Iman Hill, general manager developments, and Jon Furniss, a principal petroleum engineer working on assets in the UK upstream group. A new feature in this context is the concept of sustainability, which can be redefined simply as a permanent, robust improvement. On the basis of more than 30 years experience two crucial factors have proved to be decisive for the sustainability of operational measures. Firstly, ineffective treatment of the produced fluids is frequently due to technical shortcomings in handling high-water-cut fluids. Secondly, injectivity

CONTENTS
Features Emerging technology showcase Best practice meetings DEVEX 2007 preview Feature: Challenge your assumptions Advances in EOR Aberdeen student celebrations Every issue Contacts / Whats on Get to know 60 seconds Appointments Consultants listing / Sponsors page 03 03 04 06 08 10 page 02 05 06 11 11

Iman will give her views on the current and future supply and demand for young engineering professionals in the oil and gas industry. She will describe BGs value proposition as an employer of young engineering professionals and give her perspective on their aspirations. She will also discuss attracting and retaining a diverse workforce.

Continued on page 3
Venue: Geological Society, Piccadilly, London W1.
Pre-dinner talk starts at 5.30pm, followed by a buffet supper. The afterdinner presentation begins at 8pm.

Demographic shift
Jon will present results of a survey of a broad crosssection of young professionals in the London area. He will discuss their satisfaction levels with their careers, alluding to their needs and wants, development goals and views on their companies performance. He will address the demographic shift highlighted by the SPE, and will discuss strategies for managing the transition of young professionals into the senior roles forecast to be vacated by the large percentage of experienced personnel over the coming decade. After dinner, Wolfram will focus on tail-end production and the challenge this presents to sustainable operating strategy. During the remaining lifetime of an oil field, the application of economical methods is a prerequisite for ensuring compliance with specifications on the treatment, mainly for the oil and water phases. Pictured above:
Abstracts are being gathered for the SPE/ICoTA well intervention round table, 14-15 November. See page 10.

Price: 30 for SPE/EI/PESGB members, 40 non-members and 17 unemployed members. Please register in advance. Bookings: Secure advance booking at www.katemcmillan.co.uk or contact Kate McMillan by email katespe@aol.com or telephone 07736 070066 with your
Visa/Mastercard or Switch card details.

New student chapter launch


London South Bank University (LSBU)has launched a new SPE student chapter with encouragement and support from the London Section. To mark the occasion, attendees at the 22 May London Section dinner meeting will celebrate with a glass of champagne. Student and scholarship chairman Stuart Girling will give a short welcoming speech, followed by a new PE course presentation by the LSBU. This will take place from 6.45-7.00pm, after the end of the panel session and before the buffet supper.

SPE review | Issue 208 May 2007

SPE review
The Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), a not-for-profit professional association of 64,000-plus members from more than 100 countries worldwide, is a key resource for technical knowledge related to the oil and gas exploration and production industry. SPE provides services through its global events, publications and website at www.spe.org

SPE LONDON SECTION INVITES YOU TO ITS

Annual summer ball


Mandarin Oriental Hyde Park Hotel, Knightsbridge, London Thursday, 14 June 2007
With after-dinner guest speaker John Humphrys
Tickets: 75 per person Individual bookings or tables of 10. There is dancing after dinner so partners are very much welcomed! Dress: Black tie Champagne cocktails from 7.30pm, dinner at 8pm, carriages at 1am.
For hotel accommodation and booking information, please contact Kate McMillan at katespe@aol.com or book online at www.katemcmillan.co.uk

CONTACTS
SPE review is published 11 times a year by the Aberdeen and London Sections of the Society of Petroleum Engineers. It is sent to some 4,500 UK SPE members, and quarterly to an additional 5,000 European members. Extracts may be reproduced subject to a clear acknowledgement of the source. The views expressed herein are not necessarily those of the SPE. Managing editor: Editorial committee: Advertising: Design: Tricia Young Ian Phillips, BP, Francesco Verre, AgipKCO Nicki Shearer Loewy

For queries about editorial contributions to SPE review or to book advertising space, please contact: Nicki Shearer, Loewy Group Crown Reach, 147a Grosvenor Road, London, SW1V 3JY Tel: 020 7017 0878 Email: nicki.shearer@loewygroup.com The deadline for the June 2007 European issue of SPE review is Wednesday 30 May, with publication scheduled for Wednesday 13 June.

WHATS ON
Unless otherwise indicated, the web address for more information on the SPE Aberdeen Section and London Section events listed is www.spe-uk.org

May
15 to 16.05 DEVEX 2007: 4th European production and development conference on subsurface techniques for maximising recovery Aberdeen SPE European formation damage conference The Hague www.spe.org

30.05 to 01.06

June
11 to 14.06 11 to 14.06 14.06 22.06 25 to 28.06 25 to 28.06 SPE Europec/EAGE annual conference and exhibition London www.spe.org Dual career couples: lifelong challenges and a business imperative Sainte-Maxime www.spe.org Annual summer ball Mandarin Oriental Hyde Park Hotel, London Annual golf tournament Portlethen Golf Club Scale Lisbon www.spe.org Corrosion Lisbon www.spe.org

September
04 to 07.09 Offshore Europe Aberdeen www.spe.org

October
22 to 25.10 Field management of mature reservoirs Krakow, Poland www.spe.org

November
11 to 14.11 Annual Technical Conference & Exhibition Anaheim, California www.spe.org

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Emerging technology

showcase
On Wednesday 30 May, the SPE Aberdeen Section is hosting an emerging technology showcase networking event, where suppliers will be able to show customers the products and services they need.
It is expected that mainly small and innovative companies will participate. The event will be held at the Hilton Treetops Hotel in Aberdeen from 6pm-9pm. In a recent survey, potential customers told the SPE Aberdeen Section that they needed information on the following products and services: novel rig designs; big bore well design; full life cycle subsea design; HP/HT wells; drilling costs of accessing small pools; brownfield drilling and intervention; extended reach drilling; thru tubing rotary drilling; subsea thru tubing drilling; wellbore stability; network flow modelling; water/gas ingress; expandables; scale; well integrity;

wireless well monitoring; automated intervention (minimising footprint on rig and personnel numbers); waste management and total reliability (behaviourbased change). The evening is sponsored and supported by Shell as an adjunct to its technology workshop events. A limited number of exhibitors will make a light-hearted, fiveminute open mike pitch to the panel, who will judge the performance on presentation and enthusiasm rather than specific technical merit. Venue: Hilton Treetops Hotel, Springfield Road
Refreshments served from 6-9pm.

Price: 20 for SPE/EI/PESGB members, 25 nonmembers, 5 students (if booked more than 24 hrs in
advance). Price includes buffet supper. Bookings made after this time will cost 25, 30 and 25 respectively.

Bookings: online at www.hulse-rodger.com or email: spe@hulse-rodger.com or tel: 0870 241 3373.

RESERVOIR UNDERDOGS OVER THE MOON


The Reservoir Underdogs team won the day at the annual Young Professionals football tournament on 21 April. In an exciting final, they beat the RGU Kinetics 3-1 to take the trophy. Third place went to the Fabulous Baker Boys, who beat Naija Flavour 5-4. This third tournament, held at Strikers Indoor Football Facility at Bridge of Don, Aberdeen, saw a great turnout of professionals from consultancies, service and operating oil companies, as well as the RGU SPE student chapter. The SPE YP events are sponsored by BP Exploration Operating Company, Aberdeen.

The new SPE Aberdeen YP trophy was presented to the Reservoir Underdogs team by the SPE Aberdeen YP chair Anthony Onukwu (back row, middle).

The challenge of tail-end production


Continued from page 1
problems caused by formation damage which is due to the re-injection of water must also be taken into account for sustainable operating strategy. For the first topic, a total of seven major technical failures has been identified as the cause of decreased effectiveness in treatment units during the tail-end phase. The second supporting column of the sustainability concept is the pHadjustment of the injection water. Wolfram will discuss the numerous resulting advantages in detail. Wolfram is head of the production chemistry department of Gaz de France Produktion Exploration Deutschland GmbH. He holds Dipl.-Ing. and Dr.-Ing. degrees in chemical engineering from the Technical University of Clausthal, Germany. He joined Preussag Energie, now Gaz de France, in 1971 and worked as a chemical engineer before becoming responsible for all chemical aspects of oil and gas production and storage in 1978. He has contributed over 100 papers and articles to various periodicals and books.

Sharing best practice


SPE Aberdeen Section is organising a short round robin series of meetings for 2007, in the spirit of knowledge sharing and transfer and to help promote the cross-fertilisation of ideas and best practice. The first two of these lunch-time meetings are being sponsored and hosted by Petro-Canada and Shell on 29 May and 22 June 2007 respectively. Topic: Light land rigs novel concept design Speaker: John de Lange, Shell Date and time: 29 May from 12.00-14.00 Host and venue: Petro-Canada, 28b Albyn Place, Aberdeen, AB10 1YL Only 25 places are available, including a maximum of five students, so hurry to book your place. Topic: Production optimisation Speaker: Dave Corky and Alasdair Pirie, Petro-Canada Date and time: 22 June from 10.00-13.30 Host and venue: Shell, 1 Altens Farm Road, Nigg, Aberdeen, AB12 3FY Only 50 places are available, including a maximum of five students, so hurry to book your place. Bookings: online at www.hulse-rodger.com or email: spe@hulserodger.com or tel: 0870 241 3373.

SPE review | Issue 208 May 2007

North Sea chief to open


Dave Blackwood CBE, head of BPs North Sea business, director of BP Exploration Operating Company and joint chairman of Oil and Gas UK, will be the keynote speaker at the opening breakfast (open to delegates and non-delegates) for DEVEX 2007.
Speaking on the theme of Operations integrity and maximising recovery from a mature asset base, his key message will be the need for a renewed focus on these areas, against a backdrop of declining production, maturing assets and rising costs. A clear focus on operations integrity will underpin the safe delivery of production; to maximise recovery, the industry will need to address the current environment of rising costs and declining efficiency. The increased amount of capital invested and the rising operating cost base could create problems for the industry in the event of a further softening in oil and gas prices. Dave Blackwoods address will be supported by critical data from the North Sea to illustrate these points. His address will open DEVEX 2007, the production and development conference and exhibition on Tuesday 15 May. This two-day event, to be held on 15-16 May, is run by AFES, PESGB, the SPE Aberdeen Section and the DTI.
Delegates will be able to join a post-conference field trip, led by Doug Boyd of Integrated Sedimentology, to view the unique geology of the Ythan Estuary.

In an extensive conference programme of 40 presentations, there are many highlights: Stephen Pickering, president of PESGB, will explain the value of making major new investments in the latest seismic techniques and better subsurface understanding of our mature and declining oil fields to help extract every last drop of value. Lessons learned from the development of three recent North Sea fields will

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DEVEX 2007 GET TO


be shared: Shells Merganser, BGs Banks Shallow discovery and OILEXCOs Brenda. More than 12 case histories on experience from existing mature fields will also be presented. The conference programme is not focused solely on the North Sea and global experience from fields in China, Iran, Texas and Alaska will be shared. Drilling and completion sessions will show how innovative access techniques are helping to unlock ever smaller pools of hydrocarbon resource. These are making targets of just 1 million barrels viable. Researchers from Heriot-Watt and Imperial College will be presenting their latest work on asphaltenes and hydrates. Industry is demonstrating its strong support for DEVEX 2007 by committing substantial sponsorship and signing up for the events biggest ever trade exhibition, where more than 35 companies will show related technology, products and services. Graham Davis, president of AFES and this years DEVEX chairman, said: This growth of the event from relatively modest beginnings demonstrates how individuals, supported by their professional societies, can still make a big difference in our industry.

KNOW
Ian Phillips
Project manager for the implementation of Advanced Collaborative Environments across BPs North Sea Business

Full details and event booking are available at www.DEVEXConference.org Further information is also available from the conference managers, Hulse Rodger & Co, tel: 01224 495051.

Where did you go to school? Crypt School, Gloucester, for A-levels before that Greenside High School, Johannesburg, South Africa. University/degree? BSc in civil engineering (Leeds, 1978), MEng in petroleum engineering (Heriot-Watt, 1982) and MBA (Open University, 1994). What was your first job? I was a graduate civil engineer for ICI a big disappointment. I loved the degree but hated the incredibly conservative nature of civil engineering in a big chemical company the ultimate dead mans shoes progression opportunity. I lasted six months. Glamour or technology what first attracted you to the oil industry? Both. I still love the scope and scale of the technology - challenging Mother Nature (and winning) and the travel and pay definitely helped. Where do you call home? For the past 15 years, a Victorian terrace house in Rosemount, Aberdeen, which has given my sons stable schooling something I regret not having. What care do you drive? A VW Sharan one of the few vehicles a 6ft 7in man can drive and have his similarly sized sons sit comfortably in the back seat! Whats your philosophy of life? Live for the moment but have a clear idea of what you want from the future.

Whats your most proud moment? It has to be the birth of my two sons. But getting the Heriot-Watt MEng and later the Open University MBA are right up there. Favourite book? Arthur C. Clarkes 3001 Space Odyssey (his sequel to 2001 A Space Odyssey) an inspiring vision of the future where technology genuinely serves mankind. Favourite music? Depending on my mood the Eagles, Katherine Jenkins, Bruce Springsteen, Boston, Bryan Adams, Cars, Chicago, Joss Stone, Keane, REM, Simply Red, Toto and Il Divo. Favourite film? Cry Freedom and Schindlers List both are about people who had high moral standards in the face of adversity. Favourite gadget? My home PC my window on the world and my iPod for the music. Last holiday destination? Scuba diving and mountain biking in Dahab, Egypt. What are your main interests? The internet, mountain biking and walking, scuba, Young Enterprise and Im a volunteer Childline counsellor. If you could have a one-to-one with a famous historical figure, who would it be? Leonardo da Vinci, someone who had breadth and depth in many areas of technology qualities that I aspire to.

Play a round?
Make time to tee at the SPE Aberdeen Golf Tournament, which takes place on 22 June 2007 at Portlethen Golf Club. Offering an ideal relaxed occasion to entertain clients or just play golf with colleagues and friends the perennially popular competition day starts with soup and sandwiches in the modern clubhouse and ends with prizegiving and a two-course meal after the tournament. Cost for the team of three including food is 275 plus VAT (323.13). Limited places mean that this popular event always sells out quickly so make sure you book early. Excellent sponsorship opportunities are also available. Email spe@hulse-rodger.com, book online at www.hulserodger.com or telephone 0870 241 3373.

SPE review | Issue 208 May 2007

60
with a young professional
Name Jane Christopherson. Job title, company and location I am a headhunter with The Curzon Partnership, based in London. Why did you join the oil industry? My first degree was in geology at Glasgow University, which I did purely for the love of the natural sciences. While I was there, I was lucky enough to work for BP as a summer student within the ETAP team at the time when the fields were being discovered and appraised. It was so exciting that I was hooked! So I went on to do the MSc in reservoir evaluation and management at Heriot-Watt University. What do you like best about your job? I like meeting interesting people and ultimately delivering and attempting to exceed my clients expectations. What would you change? I would change the fact that headhunters are sometimes viewed as the sharks within the business! What inspires you? A variety of things from the Scottish Highlands on a beautiful sunny day to people who face adversity and overcome it while continuing to smile. Seriously though, through my job I have met some very impressive people in the industry from those who have struggled to find a position to the real high flyers, and they have all been an inspiration through their positive can-do attitude. Which business leader do you most admire and why? I most admire any small business leader someone who has taken the risk to go it alone certainly gets my vote. How do you like to spend your leisure time? Playing with my son who is now 10 months old. When we can get a babysitter, my husband and I like to eat out or go to the cinema! Im also a bit of a yoga freak and as people will be reading this who know me quite well I should also admit to enjoying the odd G&T! What are the greatest challenges facing the industry right now? People say that there is a shortage of younger talent coming through the pipeline, and to a degree there is, but I am continually surprised by the number of graduate who still struggle to find positions. I think the greatest challenge is making sure that talent is not lost or wasted from the industry. Companies still need to be encouraged to take on more graduates. What value does the SPE offer you? It is a great networking opportunity and from my perspective it allows me to keep up to speed with the technological advances, without having to still be a practising engineer. And your dream job? This will sound cheesy but I am doing it!

SECONDS

The events of 9/11 helped to create a dual crisis of security and market trust.

Wim Thomas of the Shell Scenario Group takes SPE members on a journey through the next two decades. But its not about making predictions; its about challenging the assumptions we all make.
Its a fact of life that when youre faced with an important business decision, theres no crystal ball to help you take the right road. The future is an undiscovered territory for which no one has an accurate map. But although the future is unknown, it is possible to use our current business understanding to paint alternative pictures of how the world might look decades from now. This was the subject of a presentation by Wim Thomas, head of energy analyses at the Shell Scenario Group, who delivered an after-dinner talk at a recent meeting of the SPE London Section. Beginning his presentation on Shells global scenarios to 2025, Wim warned that his work isnt about making predictions and choosing preferred courses of action. Rather, its about creating and thinking through alternative futures, challenging our assumptions and enabling us to develop strategies. We can examine the forces that shape our business environment today and consider plausible outcomes tomorrow, determining whats a coherent story and whats not, said Wim. By doing this you create an envelope of possible futures that can help you to consider other points of view. Wim believes this is valuable because we all see the world through glasses formed by our own social and educational background and experiences, which limits our vision. Scenarios dont give you a single way forward, but they do give you a platform to challenge your strategy and business plan, he said. Moving on to the scenarios themselves, Wim explained how, in the 1990s, the march of globalisation, technology and liberalisation led to a general feeling that the state should step back and encourage market-driven approaches. But at the beginning of this decade, two landmark events 9/11 and the fall of Enron changed everything. They created a dual crisis of security and market trust that prompted the state to step back into the game with a vengeance; consider the war on terror, demanding new corporate governance obligations and the reassertion of state control in many parts of the energy sector.

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Challenge your

assumptions
After his rapid journey through the past, Wim looked forward and drew up a triangle of forces that shape our world. He identified them as market incentives, state regulation and the force of community. By assessing how these forces interact, Wim and his team have created three basic scenarios to 2025, each one marked by its own political landscape and business drivers. They are:

Low trust globalisation


This is a scenario marked by strong states including the US, Russia and China strict, intrusive security controls and a high degree of government regulation. Its a legalistic, prove it to me world where oil prices are high and its more difficult to get access to resources, said Wim. There is a mix of fully and partly liberalised energy markets, capital flows freely and national oil companies compete strongly with the independents.

Open doors
Based on the restoration of trust, this scenario describes a world in which states act more through incentives and soft power. Its a pragmatic, know me world that features inclusive international institutions and highly competitive markets, delivering high economic growth, said Wim. Media scrutiny is very important and self-regulation is a competitive advantage. Green energy is appreciated, but market forces dominate and renewables have to become cost competitive before they can take off. Energy security is delivered by open markets and free trade. Although oil prices are volatile and high, they are affordable in a world that is 20 per cent richer than the previous scenario and 40 per cent richer than the one that follows.

Flags
As its name suggests, this scenario describes a nationalistic, follow me world marked by a resistance to American universalism and which deals with the competing claims of different communities. There is a mix of liberalised markets and monopolies, energy security is focused on self reliance and policies are nationalistic, said Wim. There is low economic growth in a fragmented world, depressing demand and OPECs price target cannot be met. Although national oil companies are in a strong position, there is less cash available for investment and alliances with internationally operating oil companies are sought. He continued: Imagine yourself sitting in a space station and seeing these scenarios as three great jet streams running across the globe. Despite your lofty view from orbit, you know the worlds weather is much more complicated, and if you come down to earth you will pass through regional systems. Its important to approach the scenarios in the same way and put them into context at a local level. Despite the complexities of drawing up a coherent scenario, Wim believes his team has an important role to play. Scenarios help us develop business strategies and put our plans to the test, he explained. They dont give us answers directly, but they do provide the context to ask what if? questions that will help us navigate our way through the years to come.

Above: Wim Thomas triangle of forces that shape our world.

We can examine the forces that shape our business environment today and consider plausible outcomes tomorrow, determining whats a coherent story and whats not

SPE review | Issue 208 May 2007

RECOVERY PROCESSES
PRIMARY Recovery (5-25% RF)
Natural Flow
Pump

RESOURCE EXPLOITATI ON
Where are we today

Artificial Lift
Pump Lift Other

Daily production mm boe

Subtle, smaller complex trap structures


(& some big ones)

SECONDARY Recovery (15-65% RF) Waterflood Pressure Maintenance


Water Hydrocarbon Gas Injection

IOR

$136 billion NPV to chase

4
Big stuctures 23-27 billion boetotal potential

Oil

New projects IOR projects

$350 billion NPV investment

2000-3000 leads & prospects

Heavy Oil

ENHAN CED Recovery (30-80% RF) CHEMICAL


Polymer Alkaline Sur factant Foam

Discoveries Appraisal

EOR: Heavy/Viscous Thermal Polymer Surfactant

MICRO BIAL

GAS
Oxidation Hydrocarbon Carbon Dioxide Nitrogen Flue Gas

THE RMAL
Comb ustion t S ea m Hot Water
1
Dry gas + HPHT
Drilling Technologies

EOR
Market Oriented R esource Exploitation

Production Technologies

and Facilities

EOR Technologies

Legend: RF- Recover y Factor

3 billion boe_EOR
E&A,D,P = 370 billion <2007 (UK 00A)

62 billion boe_MORE

Figure1 : Recovery processes.

Figure 2: Indicative UKCS production.

EVERY LAST DROP: advances in EOR


With oil prices reaching record highs and demand forecast to increase, additional crude reserves are vital for the worlds growing economies. Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) will be key to meeting current and future demands, with the added potential benefit of reducing greenhouse gases.
This was the topic addressed at a one-day seminar on 13 March organised by the SPE London Section. More than 50 delegates gathered to hear the views and experiences of industry professionals and academics. The meeting was chaired by Lekan Aluko, who emphasised that successful EOR implementation requires technology, expertise and experience. He gave an overview of EOR, focusing on the history, need, challenges and future of various EOR methods and some examples of successful applications. This set the scene for more detailed presentations. Duncan Andersson of ITF spoke about his organisations current drive to help industry maximise commercial hydrocarbon recovery. Through a detailed study of members needs, ITF has identified microbial EOR and tight gas as priorities. It is now working with the development community to establish projects, collaboratively funded by the operators, to drive technologies in these two areas and so contribute to increased recovery. John Tingas of BG then went on to give a detailed presentation on advances in thermal, CO2, and flue gas EOR. He pointed out that while EOR potential is high, production accounts for less than 3.5% of the worlds total. Environmental pressure for carbon-neutral global petroleum production stimulates interest in CO2 sequestration combined with EOR. However, asphaltene and wax precipitation problems in CO2 floods will constrain their expansion. ISC thermal EOR processes can be combined with CO2 floods to destroy waxes and asphaltenes expanding the applicability of CO2 EOR and sequestration. John explained that steam and ISC thermal EOR processes have huge potential in shallow heavy oil reservoirs. Low residual oil saturation and very high oil recovery can be achieved by ISC thermal EOR processes in deep, medium and light petroleum reservoirs. H2S flooding is more efficient than CO2 flooding and H2S recycling, with and without thermal EOR processes, is an ideal option for a sour oil reservoir. Thermal EOR processes are ideal in gas condensate reservoirs with thin oil rims. Adrian Gregory of MORE Consultancy further stressed the point that successful EOR requires the right technology, expertise and experience. He said that EOR projects are all about horses-for-courses plus jockey selection. EOR today is a global activity, fully integrated in the full suite of improved oil recovery (IOR) techniques such as pressure maintenance and artificial lift (Figure 1).

The core economic driver behind IOR is to effectively reduce the unit technical costs to deliver new production, producing more reserves for less investment over time. Around 50-62 billion boe is the current estimate for total UKCS reserves. Some 36 billion boe has been produced, with around 10 billion BOE in existing plans. Figure 2 shows indicative UKCS production. The next 10+ years exploitation will be primarily focused on E&A of subtle, complex traps using seismic inversion and AVO techniques. Future viable EOR may potentially be some 3 billion boe captured late in the UKCS lifetime, 2030 and beyond. The current drilling technologies and facilities focus needs to be supported by a new production technologies phase if the full potential from offshore EOR projects is to be realised. Adrian called for SPE reserves/resource guidelines to address future viable production, such as EOR. Introducing the theme of H2S for miscible gas injection, Brian Moffatt of Petrophase started his session with a live demonstration of the effect of H2S on the phase envelope of a hydrocarbon system, using an equation of state linked spreadsheet which shrank or enlarged with changes in component composition. The miscibility properties of H2S were shown to be better than CO2 but not as good as propane.

Continued on page 10

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HORIZON
ENERGY PARTNERS
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Horizon Energy Partners has an established reputation as a provider of technical excellence across the entire spectrum of subsurface disciplines, having undertaken project work in all continents, with a particular business focus on Europe and North & West Africa. Our clients include major operators, small independent oil companies, government agencies and financial institutions.

Contact: info@horizon-ep.com

TEAMWORK FIRST

10

SPE review | Issue 208 May 2007

STUDENT CELEBRATIONS
The Strathclyde University student chapter has celebrated its inauguration with a University Day, organised by the SPE Aberdeen Section programme committee and the YP committee.
The event started with lunch, where students and faculty lecturers could network with speakers and industry professionals. A series of presentations started with an introduction to the petroleum industry and the SPE by Alex McKay of Welltec UK. Two technical presentations showed how the latest technology is being put to great use by the industry, including a presentation on ESPs for subsea applications by Murat Kece of Eclipse Petroleum Technology. This was followed by Robert Aitken of READ Group, who talked about the use of expandable tubulars in well construction. Bill Robbs of Profit Improver then gave students tips on how to sell themselves in an interview, along with valuable job hunting techniques. Paul Mason of Total E&P UK gave an insight into how business development and economics form an integral part of the oil and gas industry. In between the presentations, Dundee Universitys SPE student chapter executive committee presented the programmes and projects that they have carried out in their chapter and what they personally gained from being student members of the organisation. Total E&P UK has sponsored the new SPE student chapter, providing funding which allows students to attend meetings in Aberdeen every month. Thanks to event sponsors Eclipse Petroleum Technology and Total E&P UK .

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS

SPE/ICoTA 13th European well intervention round table


14-15 November 2007 - Aberdeen
The SPE/ICoTA European well intervention round table is Europes premier forum for exchange and discussion of the latest developments in coiled tubing, completion and intervention techniques. Presentations, which need not be full papers, will be welcome on relevant topics, including:

Safety innovations making well interventions safer Intervention techniques and practices Thru-tubing drilling and completions Equipment development and new solutions.
Abstracts of 100-200 words on these topics should be sent to the address below. Case studies in the UKCS or other areas worldwide are particularly welcomed. Deadline for abstracts: 1 July 2007. Contact: SPE Aberdeen Section, PO Box 10118, Aberdeen AB15 5WJ. E-mail: spe@hulse-rodger.com; tel: +44 (0) 870 241 3373.

EVERY LAST DROP: advances in EOR


Continued from previous page
Brian described the physical property requirements for calibrating reservoir models for gas recycling, taking the giant Karachaganak field as a case study. Fluid properties at reservoir conditions, such as phase densities and interfacial tension, were measured for this field and coreflooding experiments were performed to measure the dynamic effects. These were then assimilated into the reservoir model and improved both the history match and the modelling of gas injection and condensate recovery.

Dual career couples


Anyone with an interest in dual career issues should book now for this new SPE event, to be held from 11-14 June in SainteMaxime, France. The workshop will set up a dialogue regarding challenges facing dual career couples and their employers, present a business case for retaining dual career employees, discuss possible solutions to ease stress on family life and the work-life balance, and recommend best practices to employers for dealing with these issues. This is the first in a series of talent and retention workshops, a new SPE initiative to provide participants with practical information on non-technical professional and interpersonal skills that contribute to success in todays industry.

Martin Blunt of Imperial College gave a captivating presentation on CO2 injection for EOR and storage carbon capture and storage (CCS). He stressed on the importance of technology to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere and hence to mitigate climate change. He used North Sea examples, with mature hydrocarbon fields and saline aquifers offering an attractive storage location for CO2 produced by the UKs gas and coal-fired power plants. He added that injection can be associated with enhanced oil and gas recovery. The principal concern with CCS is to ensure that the CO2 does not leak into the oceans or atmosphere over hundreds or thousands of years. He believes that this is a feasible way to make a significant impact on greenhouse gas emissions in the short to medium term and reservoir modelling can be used to predict the long-term fate of the injected gas and to design strategies such that the CO2 remains underground. David Hughes of Senergy presented an overview of how he saw an era of EOR developing in the North Sea using CO2 piped offshore from a new generation of fossil-fuelled power stations. Senergy has been involved in the detailed engineering design for such a project in BPs Miller field. Injecting 1.8 million tonnes of CO2 per year from a new power station at Peterhead is expected to increase recovery by around 60 MMstb. To proceed, however, the project would require support similar in value to that received by renewables.

APPOINTMENTS
SPE review

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CONSULTANTS LISTING
David Aron Development studies, negotiations, evaluations, expert witness tel: 0208 347 3498 fax: 0208 347 3499 email: davidaron@pdc.uk.com Petroleum Development Consultants Ltd, Stanhope House, 48 Highgate High Street, London N6 5JL Maurice Cotterill, CEng HPHT expertise, well design, studies/reviews; tel/fax: 01449 768157 email: maurice.cotterill@sede.co.uk SEDE Ltd, Rose Cottage, Church Lane, Thwaite, Eye, Suffolk IP23 7EJ Claire Davy, Technology implementation, competency assurance, wellcontrol training tel/fax: 01342 841733 email: claire@ipschool.co.uk www.ipschool.co.uk The International Petroleum School, Gatwick Training Centre, Smallfield, Surrey RH6 9JE Tim Lines, CEng Acquisitions/farm-outs, finance available, technical, economic, contracts tel/fax: 0845 166 7509 mob: 07960 793308 email: tim.lines@oilfieldinternational.com www.oilfieldinternational.com Kingswood, Stamford Avenue, Hayling Island PO11 0BJ Peter Wright, Petroleum economics and commercial consulting services (UK + international) tel: 01628 410762 mob: 07963 441076 email: peter.wright@equad.com EQUAD Ltd, 213 Courthouse Road, Maidenhead, Berkshire SL6 6HP Haoran Zhang, BSc, MPhil, PhD 22 years R&D/operations reservoir engineering, simulation, reserves, PVT/EoS, RelPerm/EOR tel: +44 (0)7809 123601 fax: +44 (0) 118 977 3950 email: haoran@petengplus.com or service@petengplus.com www.petengplus.com PetEng Plus Limited, 28 Evergreen Way, Wokingham, Berkshire RG41 4BX To appear in this listing, please write to Tricia Young at Loewy, at the address on page 2 with your contact details up to TEN words describing your services advance payment by cheque for 10.00 x the number of months you are booking a listing (payable to Raymond Loewy International).

SPE London Section 2007

SPONSORS
Afren plc Amerada Hess Ltd Anadarko International Energy Company BG Group BHP Billiton Petroleum BP Plc ConocoPhillips Centrica Eclipse Petroleum Technology E.ON Ruhrgas UK Ltd Expro Group ExxonMobil Gaffney, Cline & Associates GDF Britain Limited Geoscience Limited MND Exploration and Production

Nexen Petroleum UK Limited Noble Energy (Europe) Limited Oilfield Production Consultants (OPC) Limited OMV (UK) Ltd Perenco PetroCanada Petrofac Resources International Ltd Premier Oil plc RWE Dea UK Ltd Sasol Petroleum International Schlumberger Oilfield Services Star Energy Limited RPS Energy RPS Energy The Curzon Partnership Tullow Oil