You are on page 1of 5

ROSES BY CLASS, EXPLAINED Species Roses Species roses are those found growing in the wild.

; Wild or species roses are the parents of all the roses we grow today... They are almost all single flowers with five petals; blooming for a few brief we eks, their delicate fragrant flowers followed by glowing hips, all amid generous foli age; Species roses tend to be tough landscape plants and are useful in spots where mo re delicate roses might fail; sites in blazing sun, dry city gardens, and hot spots near paving a re all difficult planting situations where resilient species roses will fare well.; They never suffer from disease, and look attractive all year round. Old Garden Roses Sometimes called Old Roses, Old Garden Roses, Old-fashioned Roses, Heritage Rose s or Antique Roses, these are the varieties of roses that existed before 1867 As a group, Old Roses tend to be once blooming, though some are repeat bloomers. They tend to be more disease-resistant and require less maintenance than the Hyb rid Teas which accounts for some of their popularity. There are exceptions to this, especially the China and Tea roses. The China and Tea roses are tender and disease prone, but are very important because they provide the repeat blooming genes to many classes of roses (notably Hybrid Teas). CLASSES OF OLD ROSES Alba Roses Alba roses are always white or pale pink flowered, sweet scented, with bluish le aves. They make large bushes up to 7-8 feet, with rather few thorns, are vigorous, upr ight, bushy shrubs that have distinctive bluish leaves. They are easy to grow and are the most rugged, hardy, disease-free, and shade-to lerant of all the old roses; worth trying in difficult places in shade or where tree roots invade mercilessly ;. The Alba Rose ranges over the middle of Europe and was introduced in 1597. Bourbon Roses Bourbons represent the link between Old and Modern Roses;. It has semi-double flowers and good scent and good autumn flowering. Centifolia Roses (also called Cabbage Rose, Holland Rose, Rose des Peintres, or Provence Rose). The original Centifolia roses probably appeared around the end of the sixteenth century, They make large, rather floppy bushes with very double (often over 100 petals) f lowers hanging on weak branches and extremely fragrant flowers; Typically, Centifolias have short and long straight thorns. Their leaves are large, rough, and often coarsely serrated, even puckered and wr inkled in some cases China Roses China roses had been cultivated and new varieties produced on a large scale in C

up to 2. the Summer Damask. in conjunction with rough spinous shoots. and are seldom without blooms thr oughout the summer. mauve. often with huge flowers and strong shoots which need to be pegged down so that they produce flowers along their length. exceptional ability to repeat their flowering.. with pointed le aves. China Roses have smooth leaves and few thorns. They are all repeat bloomers... with strongly scented flowers ranging from pink. so that the flowers sit down among the leaves. narrow and upright.... appearing early in the season in la te spring. There is a saying that it does not matter what colour musks start out. and the Autumn Damask which has a second flowering in the autumn. most are content in dappled shade. They still need protection in cold areas. once-flowering. China Roses have airy.. with usually very richly scented. The flowers are mostly of fair size.. Robust.. and free-flowering.. in warmer climates they frequently take on the dimensions of small climbers and are often treated as such. often taller. twiggy growth. pink or white flowers in loose clusters. and as a group have an excellent health record. most are limber growers bearing huge clusters of small blooms.hina for many centuries before the first were brought to gardens in Europe in 1792. They are very hardy. pink or wh ite.. They are very hardy. Musk Roses A compact habit.. the prickles are also smaller and less numerous. and downy leather like leaves of a lig ht green colour. but they are rather clumsy and their growth too tall. flowers are relatively large and held erect. they all end up white. disease-resistant. their leaves are smallish. once-flowering.. They have single or loosely double flowers.. . Height up to 5 feet. and all are showy. . red. Both have been grown since ancient times. Perpetual Roses The Perpetuals are usually rather coarse growing. usually red. more upright an d compact growth. making them unsuitable for use as shrubs in the garden. The Damask are readily distinguished from others by a robustness of growth. and rather sparse foliage.5 m. some are large. thriving well in the commonest garden soil. are repeat flowering. colours are unusual in that they intensify with age Damask Roses There are two groups of Damasks. Hybrid Musk blooms tend to become paler as the flowers age.. to purple. Moss Roses . They are rather less hardy than the Gallicas. Hybrid Perpetuals have huge flowers on strong shoots and inherited rather short flower stalks from the Portlands.. through crimson. dull green and coarse. Gallica Roses (Also called Rose of Provins) Grown since ancient times.

. disease resistance an d wrinkled leaves. Portland Roses known since I 792. small prickles on the petiole and even under the end leaflet. one of the most important parents in the realm of hardy roses.. They are mostly once blooming and fragrant Noisette Roses Most produce trusses of small flowers in hues of soft white. the green sepals covering the buds are 'mossy'..Varients on Centifolia. much loved in Victorian times and often worn as lapel flowers. and even those that are less powerfully fragrant. are on short stems so that. Rambling Roses Ramblers throw up long non-flowering shoots from near the ground in summer. No perfume of any kind surpasses the scent of some rugosa roses. many make excellent climbers. ...... or pale pink on wiry. took the world by storm in 1893. Tea roses are generally either climbers or small. upright bushes. with leaves with impressed veins. If you touch the moss it feels sticky and leaves its scent on your fingers. and many varieties were cultivated ther e. most Noisette roses are rarely out of bloom.. buff or light yellow. Portland roses were valued for their late flowering as well a s their rich red colour. The familiar flower form of the tea rose was transmitted to its hybrid tea offsp ring. urn-shaped buds. Grootendorsts are the most familiar. they tend to be closely surrounded by the leaves. make excellent care-free shrubs for small gardens. and grow to around 4 feet.. these are roses with very supple canes that grow from the base of the plant each year and produce laterals that bear large clusters of small fl owers during one bloom period the following summer. The essential rugosa characteristics are winter hardiness. with a continuo us succession of large flowers of great beauty.. in shades of pink. whe n open. are still far sweeter than m ost flowers. the wrinkled leaves of this group of roses are ornamental and for the most part healthy. sparse bushes. The flowers. quick to naturalize and noted for their suitability in seaside gardens. They repeat flower.. and generally well scente d flowers. compact.. which retain a strong Damask scent. along the vein. massive clusters of brilliant flowers hardy Rugosa Roses They are all thorny. They have few thorns and are rather cold tender . Like their China parents. lemon. bushy plants that bloom abundantly in late spring and again in autumn. high-centered flowers on long stems. introduced to England from Holland in 1596.. these shoots produce clusters of flowers along their length the following year a nd are then finished and in gardens pruned away.... although less reliably than the modern Hybrid Teas. among the easiest and most rewarding of the old roses to grow Tea Roses The Tea rose occurred long ago in China.

The gangly growth habit is remniscent of their Tea heritage. They come one to a stem as well as in clusters. They are excellent repeat bloomers. they cannot take modern chemicals. often blooming almost continually.. Many Floribundas are not very fragrant but have larger blooms.and hardier that the hybrid teas. large flowers. Floribundas are usually shorter plants than Hybrid Teas and tend to produce mor e flowers and smaller flowers than Hybrid Teas on shorter stems. Garden cultivars produce flowers continuously from late spring through frost.. They bloom one flower per stem on long sturdy stems making them excellent for cu tting. high-centered flowers carried on long stems. tomatoli ke rose hips Modern Roses: Refers to roses introduced since 1867 when the first Hybrid Tea was created. CLASSES OF MODERN ROSES Hybrid Tea Roses Hybrid Teas are easily the most popular class of roses today. large beautiful blooms and pointed buds of the Hybrid Teas with the hardiness an d flower clusters of the shrubbier Floribundas. not singly like the Hybrid Teas. Compact bushy shrubs produce clusters of showy blooms. Floribundas are well suited as good landscape plants providing lots of color. attractive. Grandiflora Roses The Grandiflora is a "manufactured" class--the class was invented for the rose Q ueen Elizabeth. Ground Cover Roses The late 1980's witnessed the advent of genuine low-growing ground-cover Roses. Hybrid Teas are upright shrubs. Hybrid Teas come in a large variety of colors.. Although Hybrid Teas provide excellent cut flowers. This rose is representative of the attempts at that time to produce a "different " rose (a mere 100 years after the first Hybrid Tea appeared) that would have the chara cteristic long stems.While rugosas may be tough enough to stand up to the salt in sea spray.8 m) tall in an upright habit Floribunda Roses Floribundas were created about 1909 They produce flowers in clusters. The individual florets are larger than the standrad for Floribundas yet not usua lly as large as the huge blooms of the Hybrid Teas. Elegant. Grandifloras have a tendency to grow quite tall and produce full. specialty bred to spread without gaining height. Hybrid Teas as a group have large flowers with a high-pointed bud. Incidentally. Polyantha Roses . Rugosas produce large.. full. these make wonder ful hanging basket displays. they are almost constantly in flower. introduced in 1954. an d bushes typically grow 3 to 6 feet (1 to 1. urn-shaped buds open into large..

. The bushes are low and carry numerous flowers in great profusion from July to Oc tober. These roses are an attempt to combine the best traits of both Old Roses and Mode rn Roses. Tree roses come in heights anywhere from two feet high (most common with miniat ure roses) to over six feet. One common form is a long stem supporting a bushy display of roses. and these are called weep ing standards. Climbing Roses Many roses are natural climbers. was introduced in 19 69 by David Austin of England. David Austin has attempted to produce roses with the classic flower forms and fr agrance of the Old Roses on plants that repeat bloom like the Modern Roses. it has been noted that the gene for climbing is dominant over the dwarf (or bush) gene.. (though unofficially) c alled Patio Roses. are often displayed to their best advant age when planted in containers. now generally. It is believed that Teas are especially prolific when grown in this manner. and by lighter than usual green foliage. climbers generally hav e bigger flowers. often called David Austin Roses. These were followed by dwarf Shrub Roses. eventually forming thick. sort of like a large lollipop.. Tree Roses an attractive effect is produced by allowing the trailing shoots [of climbers. more or less like the weeping willow tree. Both of these groups are ideal for small gardens and containers and quite lot o f people now concentrate on growing them to the exclusion of the taller varieties. also called standard roses. The other is the weeping standard..They can all be identified by clusters of small blooms. Miniature. and several of those are important ancestors of modern roses. . Furthermore. It is generally accepted that climbers differ from ramblers in that they grow st iffly upright... There are two forms of standard roses available. perfect replicas of thei r big brothers and sisters. woody trunks rather like trees. The most common stem stock to use is an unnamed rugosa rose variety. Shrub Roses Shrub roses are close relatives of species roses that have been improved by hybr idizers for garden culture English Roses: This group of shrub roses. Tree roses are created by attaching three buds of a rose cultivar to a long stra ight stem of another rose. Tree roses. which can look a little rough at times. f or instance] to grow downwards. Miniflora & Patio Roses The 1970s also saw the introduction of Miniature Roses.. . Therefore it is not surprising to find many climbing Hybrid Teas and Floribunda s. they do require winter protection in colder areas. though fewer of them to the truss.