BANK PROBATIONARY OFFICER REASONING ABILITY BLOOD RELATIONSHIP
Problems of this type involves analysis of certain blood relations and then interpreting certain relations on the basis of the given informations. In solving such questions the candidate must be familier with blood relations in a family. The following chart would prove immensely beneficial to the candidates for solving such questions: Mother's or Father's son:Brother. Mother's or Father's daughter : Sister Mother's or Father's brother : Uncle Mother's of Father's sister : Aunt Mother's or Father's mother : Grandmother Mother's or Father's Father : Grand father. Son's Wife : Daughter-in-law Daughter's husband : Son-in-law. Husband's or Wife's brother : Brother -in-law Husband's or Wife's sister : Sister-in-law. Brother's or Sister's Son : Nephew Brother's or sister's Daughter : Niece. Uncle or aunts son or daughter : Cousin. Sister's husband : Brother-in-law Brother's wife : Sister-in-law Grand father's only son : Father Grand mother's only son : Father Grand father's son : Father or Uncle. Grand mother's Son : Father or Uncle. Grand father's only daughter-in-law : Mother Grand mother's only daughter-in-law : Mother Great Nephew and Niece : The grandson and granddaughter respectively of one's own or one's spoure's (partner) brother or sister. Aunt : Grandparent's sister or grandparent's brother's wife. Uncle : Grandparent's brother or grandparent's sister's husband. 2. Some simple questions are given below. E.g.1 : Pointing to a person, a man said to a women, 'His mother is the only daughter of your father'', How was the women related to the person? (1)Aunt (2)Mother (3) Wife (4) Daughter (5) None of these. Method : Such questions can be easily solved by adopting a method of 'backtracking', ie, starting from the last information and proceed backward. For example, if it is given that he is the son of the mother of my grandfather's daughter. Solution to E.g.1: Only Daughter of women's f ather women itself The persons mother is the woman itself Hence, the women is the person's mother So, answer is (2). E.G.2 : Directions (Qs.1-3) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow: In a family, there are six members A, B, C, D, E, and F. A and B are a married couple, A being the male member. D is the only son of C, who is the brother of A. E is the sister of D. B is the daughter-in-law of F, whose husband has died. 1. How is F related to A? 1) Mother (3) Sister (5) None of these How is E related to C? (1) Sister (3) Cousin (5) None of these (2) Daughter (4) Mother (2) Sister-in-law (4) Mother-in-law
Put a + sign before someone who is a male and a . $ . z. @. such question can be easily solved by drawing a family tree dragram...2: We start with the 3rd sentence. The second sentence is appropriate.g. Note that F must be a female because her husband has died.]
For example. A being the male member. The diagram is: A (?)--------------C(+) [D is the only son of C who is the brother of A] D (+) Now. Try your best that you do not draw a new diagram for every new information that you read. (ii) (iii) B has a brother A. son or daughter are also easily established if two persons are connected be dashed lines. Also Note that E is the brother of F even though there is no dashed line. C is the husband and G is the wife. consider the following diagram
H (?) The above diagram tells as that (i) B and D are a couple. we have B(-)<===>A(+)------C(+) [Aand B are married couple. but they have the same root. since it given a parent-child relationship. (Note : Apart from vertical or diagonal lines. [One who has/had a husband must be a female. we incorporate the last sentence.
Paints to be Noted : (i)
Suggested Method for questions like E. we incorporate the fourth sentence: B(-)<==> A(+)----C(+) [E is the sister of D] D(+) E (-)
Finally.sign before some one who is a female. G is female.. The couple.) Of three children E is male. They have one child H whose sex is not known It is advisable to being with a sentence that gives information about parent-child relationship.3.) +A-------B(-) <==> D (+)
Solution to E.. (a) (b) (c) (d) Vertical or diagonal lines should be used to represent parent-child relationships. Incorporating it into the diagram. E and G. 2: In questions of this type.
D (+) Now. 1.]
.g.. y.g. what is required is to establish the relationships among the members of a whole family and not between two persons as in E. Grandfather-grandmother relationships and brother-sister relatioships should be touched later. D is the husband while B is the wife. Whenever something is not known put a? mark or some symber (x.
Who is C to B ? (1) Brother (3) Son-n-law (5) None of these (2) Brother-in-law (4) Nephew
C and G are a couple. try to 'add' to the existing diagram on reading a new information. but the sex of F is not known. A double horizontal line ( like ) should be used to represent marriages. Instead. a dashed line should be used to represent brother or sister relationships. B and D have three children F. we should look for a sentence that given information about A or C or D. Drawing a family tree.
The doctor is the grandfather of F who is a psychologist The manager D is married to A.3 : Directions : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it: (a) There is a group of six persons A. Then B must be the daughter-in-law of the doctor.g. C. (4)
E (?. Law) Hence B must be the lawyer. SUGGESTED METHOD : Same as that for solving problems on blood relations (ie. E and F in a family. ?) (b)
E (?. Doctor and Engineer. D(?.3: The sentence (e) is based on parent-child relationship. the professions of each individual should be incorporated below their names in addition to their sex. Psy ) Hence the answers are :1.?) [B is the mother of F and E ]
E (? ?) <==>A (? ?)
From (c). What is the profession of E ? (1) Doctor (2) Jeweller (3) Manager (4) Psychologist (5) None of these. ?)
1. Manager. The diagram becomes.4:.g. (2) 3. (5) 2. 3. ? )
(b) c) d) e) f) 1. begin with (e) B(-. How many male members are there in the family ? (1) One (2) Three (3) Four (4) Two (5) Can't be determined. the Jeweller is married to the lawyer.(1) 2. (+. A means a is male and an Engineer. B. ? (+.g. Eng) 3.Law)
F (?. (2) E.2 ). C (?.F(-) [ B is the daughterin-law of F. (5)
C(_. Jew ) <==> ? (?. Hence. Note that if the doctor is the grandfather of F and if B is the mother of F. C. There are two married couples in the family. Jeweller.g.Man)
From (d). How is A related to E ? (1) Brother (2) Uncle (3) Father (4) Grandfather (5) None of these. A(+.(i) 'A*B' means 'A is sister of B' (ii) 'A0B' means 'B is mother of A' (iii) 'A+B' means 'A is brother of B' (iv) 'A=B' means 'B is father of A'. Which of the following means 'M is maternal
.Doc) <==> D(-. Doc) ?<==>B(-. B is the mother of F and E. of the type E. For example. whose husband has died] B(-)<==>A(+)--------C(-)
Solution to E. Hence we have. Eng)
given the information that F is a psychologist. While making the family tree.Jew) <==> B (-. 2. Lawyer. They are Psychologist.
Pointing to a women in a photograph a man says.
. P is the sister of M is the brother of Q ==> P is the mother of N. A ."she is the mother of my son-in-law's brother's only sister-in-law".11-13): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it:. The only one choice of in which both the signs are used is N0P*M+Q.uncle of N'? 1) M+P+Q*N 2) N+P=Q*M 3) NOP*M+Q 4) N*POQ*M 5) None of these Solution :Maternal uncle' = Mother's brother. 2. A x B means A is the brother of B.
5. How is the man related to Radhika ? 1) Brother 2) Father 3) Uncle 4) Grandfather 5) Cousin
Pointing to a woman. If K / L + M x N. N0P*M+Q ==> P is the mother of N. Veena said " His mother's brother is the father of my son Nithin".
Pointing to a man. How is the gentlemen related to Deepak / 1) Father 2) Grandfather 3) Uncle 4) Brother-in-law 5) None of these
7. lady said."He is the brother-in-law of the only son-inlaw of my mother's husband. Shanti said. How is the women related to the man ? 1) daughter-in-law 2) Wife 3) wife or sister-in-law 4) sister-in-law 5) sister.
Pointing to a women standing at the bus stop a man says. Pointing to a person in a photograph. " she is the mother of my brother's uncle's son" How is shanti related to the person in the photograph ? 1) Aunt 4) daughter 2) Niece 3) mother 5) None of these. a man says. How is kedar related to Veena ? (1) Niece (2) Aunt (3) Nephew (4) Sister-in-law (5) None of these. How is the woman related to the man ? 1) mother 2) wife 3) sister 4) mother-in-law 5) sister-in-law. 6." His sister is my daughter's brother's mother". 2) Brother 3) Nephew 5) None of these." how is the person related to the lady ? 1) Sister 4) Father 3. " She is the sister-inlaw of the son of my grandfather's daughter-in-law".
3) brother-in-law 5) son-in-law." How is the person in the photograph related to Ramesh ? 1) Daughter 2) Wife 3) Sister 4) Mother 5) None of these. Radhika said.
Pointing to a photograph. Painting to kedar.
<==> M is the maternal uncle of N. So the answer is (3).B means A is the father of B. A/B means A is the mother of B. 1.
Poiting to a man. " she is the mother of the father of my wife's only son" How is the women related to the man in the Photograph? 1) mother 2) wife 3) daughter-in-law 4) Mother-in-law 5) Can't say. Deepak said "His only brother is the father of my daughter's father". then K is N's 1) aunt 2) uncle 3) great-aunt 4) grandmother 5) None of these.
9. "His sister is the daughter of my father's son's mother." How is the man related to the women ? 1) brother 2) husband
11. " she is the wife of my grandfather's only son. M is the brother of p. a woman said. So 0 (mother) and '+' (brother) signs must be used. Exercises. Pointing to a photograph Ramesh said.
10. A + B means A is the sister of B.
Pointing to a gentleman.
test to test their intelligence. the grandson of F.12. III.a female.
22. Which of the following means P has a blood relationship with Q ? 1) R/P+KxL-M+Q 3) R/P+LxM-N+Q 5) None of these. which of the following is not true/ 1) B is mother of S 2) M is husband of B 3) S is daughter of B 4) T is wife of S 5) S is son of B. father. 2) Y is the wife of Z 3) K is the son of Y 4) K is the father of X 5) N is the brother of X. which of the following means X is the aunt of Y ? 1) X@ D@Y 2) X*D*Y 3) X*D*Y 4) X*D*Y 5) None of these. E. She says. 18-19) : Read the information to answer the following questions : A + B means A is father of B.B. F. AxB means A is the son of B and A . If ZxT-SxU+P. mother. is more intelligent than his son. There is a group of seven persons in a family.23-27): Read the set of informations given below carefully and then answer the subsequent questions : I. and Z is the father of K which of the following statements is not definitely true? 1) K is the son of Z.
Which of the following shows that C is the maternal grandfather of F ? 1) C + D.
If K + L .Q. AxB means A is husband of B. is the least intelligent. VI. B. 3)18 4)24
Directions (Q. A-B means A is sister of B.
If A*B means A is the sister of B. C has one son and one daughter. V. which is U to Z ? 1) Mother 2) Grandmother 3) Father 4) Can't be determined 5) None of these. How is the boy related to the women? 1) Nephew 4) husband 2) son 3) grandson 5) brother-in-law
Direction question (15-17) : Read the information and answer the questions given below? A + B means A is the daughter of B. IV. VII. 18.
. A* B means A is the brother of B. is the second most intelligent in the family.M x N / P. 17.F and G. Directions (Qs. There are two married couples in the family and three females in total.
Which of the following means P is the grandmother of Q ? 1) P/R+SxT-UxQ 2) P/R+S+T/Q 3) P/R+S/B+KxL-Q 4) P/R+S-T+QxU 5) None of these. A/B means A is wife of B. How many females are there in all? 1) 14 2) 16 5) None of these.D.
A women walking with a boy meets another women and on being asked about her relationship with the boy. the K is P's 1) great-aunt 2) grandmother 3) mother 4) sister 5) None of these
19. the father of E. four sons and their wifes and one son and two daughters of each of the sons. If PxQ-S. which of the following is true ? 1) S is wife of Q 2) S is father of P 3) P is daughter of Q4) Q is father of P 5) None of these. 2)R/P+K/L+Q-M 4) R/P+K/L+Q+M
14. G. II. " My maternal Uncle and his meternal uncle's meternal uncle's are brothers'.
A party consists of grandmother. Y is the mother of N.
13. She is more intelligent than her husband.C. A @ B means A is the father of B. A.B means A is the wife of B. 15. The father of B is more intelligent than B himself.
K is the brother of N and X. is the most intelligent.E. They all appeared in an I. If T-SxB-M. the grandfather.E/F 2)CxD-E+F 3) CxD+E-F 4) C-D/ExF 5) None of these 20. 16.
5) The youngest of the group is a female. Kedar's Uncle is Veen's husband. The Engineer is not a female. The grandmother of G has two sons.Chemist 3) Teacher . Engineer. 2) Doctor 4) Can't said
XI. She does not teach and she is not a housewife. Hence.test. 2. IX.
Who is the youngest of the group? 1) Chemist 2) Doctor 3) Engineer 4) Can't said 5) None of these
Directions ( Q 28 . Kedar's mother's brother Kedar's uncle.Q.
24. one of whom is D. Their professions are: Housewife. The individual ages of the Professor. Manager.
What are the sexes of the doctor and the manager? 1) Male and male 2) Male and Female 3) Female and Female 4) Female and Male 5) Can't said
27.VIII. Professor respectively. (2) Lady's father's son's mother Lady's mother
Now Answer the following questions: 28. Chemist. Two of them are husband-wife. The Doctor and Manager are not the oldest of the group.
How are C and A related ? 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) daughter-in-law and mother-in-law daughter-in-law and father-in-law sisters-in-law mother and daughter Can't say
Who among the following is not a female? 1) Teacher 2) Housewife 3) Chemist 4) Can't said 5) None of these
31.32 ): Read the information below and answer the questions that follow: 1) 2) There is a group of seven persons seated around a table. Doctor. the Doctor and the Manager are more than the average age of the whole group. None among the maried toped the I. who is more intelligent than her brother but less intelligent than his wife. Who among the following is only younger than the oldest? 1) Manager 3) Manager or Doctor 5) None of these 30. Teacher.
The mother of B is less intelligent than B. Who among the following is the married couple? 1) Teacher . The profession of the wife is teaching. (3).Professor 2) Teacher .Manager 4) Can't be said 5) None of these 29. There are three females including the housewife. Father of Veena's son Nithin Veena's Husband. Who among them is a married couple? 1) AF 2) AE 5) None of these 3) AC 4) AD
Her husband is the oldest of the seven.in. X.
Who is third most intelligent in the family? 1) C 2) D 5) Can't say 3) A 4) B
Answers 1.law 4) niece 5) None of these
Who among the following is not the same generation as others? 1) D 2) B 5) Can't say 3) C 4) A 32. Kedar is Veena's Nephew. 23. Nobody is a widow or a widower in the family.
How is G related to D ? 1) Cousin 2) Daughter 3) daughter .
the lady in the photograph is shati's aunt. Z is the grandson or U is the grandmother (since. Man's sister is Radhika herself Man is the brother of Radhika. sister-in-law etc. who is the father
. P can be Q's father's mother. Hence the answer is P/R+S-T+QxU Since. 3(1) Shanti's brother's uncle's son Shanti's cousin Hence.Lady's mother's daughter Lady or lady's sister. Boys maternal uncle willbe brother of boy's mother. Z is the son of S who is the son of U.U+P=U daughter of P) From the choice (2) is true. 4(1) Radhika's daughter's brother's mother Radhika herself. ie. Son of man's mother or aunt Man himself or man's cousin Hence. so the fact in (3) derived from SxB is true. 16 (3) T-SxB-M means T is the wife of S who is the son of B who is the wife of M ie. mother's mother or father's mother Hence there are four possibilities.Man's grandfather's daughter-in-law Man's mother or aunt. T is the wife of the son of M (father) ie. (5) Out of the choices look for the choice in which the signs '/' and 'x'. lady is the mother of the boy. 12 (3) K is P's mother's brother's father's sister K is P's mother's father's sister. it must be the answer. (Questions 11-13 ): 11 (5) K is N's brothers sister's mother k is N's mother. since there is such a choice (3).(4) Grandmother. But. 5(1) Women mother's husband Women's father Only son-in-law of women's father Women's husband Women's husband's brother-in-law Women's brother. 17 (2)ZxT-SxU means Z is the son of T who is the wife of S who is the son of U. P can be Q's mother's mother P can be Q's mother's father's wife. ie. So the boy is women's son. 20(2). 6 (3) 7 (2) 8 (4) 9 (1) 10 (3). since there are no signs for brother-inlaw. So. K is P's mother's aunt K is P's grant-aunt ie. P can be Q's father's father's wife. Y who is the mother of N. and Z. (5). and father's sign comes twice. K is the brother of N and X. ie. T is the daughter-in-law of M But as this is not given in the choice. Maternal uncle of mother's brother and maternals uncle of lady are brothers means lady is sister to mother's brother ie. Since the inclusion of these do not make it a blood relationship in this case. P is the son of S or S is the father of P. 'wife of' and husband of' are not there between P and Q. there is no sign for mother. X*D*Y 13 (4) 14 (1)
Questions (15-17) 15 (2) PxQ-S means P is the son of Q who is the wife of S ie. the lady is man's sister-in-law or man's cousins sister-in-law (Many or may not be man's wife). ie. Questions 18-19) 18. person in the photograph is the brother of the lady. Hence the answer is (5) 19. Hence. 21.
in all there are 1+1+4+8=14 females. wives of four sons are the four females and two daughters of all four sons are eight females. 29(4) . the three females are Teacher (married). test. Manager and Doctor.F E and D are all males. F is the second most intelligent. We note that there are three females. 26 (1). Since F is a grandfather and Since A is grandmother and since none in the family is a widow or a widower. mother is another. whose grandmother A has two sons: one. Now. 30 (5) . These are: G is the most intelligent B is more intelligent than his son. it is not mentioned whether N is a male or female. On the same logic. However. there are three females and four males (from statements I and 3) Engineers is a male member (statement3) Out of three females one is a married teacher. Housewife and Chemist (youngest). will be the mother and father of all the three.
. test.Q. The granddaughter is G. Question (28-32) In the group of seven persons. The male members are Professor (oldest). since G is the most intelligent and since none of the married topped the I. Hence. C is more intelligent than her husband. The mother of b is less intelligent than B.
V. G is female while B.
II.(1). It implies that A is the grandmother. since B is a father and since C is a mother. her own father B and the other. The father of B is more intelligent than B. Questions (23-27) Let us sort out the data (leaving aside the I.
III. Now. The oldest member is not the Doctor and the manager. F(+)==A(-) D(+)==B(+)==C(-) E(+) G(-) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii)
+means male -means female. Hence Professor must be oldest and the third female must be the chemist. So. the question can easily be answered as: 23 (1). So the grandmother cannot be C because C has 'one son and one daughter' too. it implies that G is unmarried. who is the grandson of F. 32 (1). Also let us pick the relevant information regarding the I. and one is a housewife (statement 4 and 5). D. The husband of teacher is the oldest member. 27( 4).Q. 22. The family-tree can be easily constructed as shown below. A and F must be a couple. C is female. E is the least intelligent.part for the being) in a systematic way: I. It means that both A and C are married because there are two married couples (hence two married females. The son of C is E. B and C must be a couple. It implies that the third female is A. Engineer. 31(1) . 24 (4) 25 (1).Q. the statements cannot be definitely true. All these statements can lead to a definite order of intelligence as known: G>F>C>D>B>A>E Now.) The grandmother of G has two sons. Hence the answers are : 28 (1) . So.Grandmother is one female. D is more intelligent than his brother but less intelligent than his wife.of K.