AirTrac

User Guide
Part No. 875-0105-001 Rev. E1

This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Copyright Notice
Hemisphere GPS Precision GPS Applications Copyright © Hemisphere GPS (2009). All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Hemisphere GPS.

Trademarks
HEMISPHERE GPS®, the Hemisphere GPS logo, CRESCENT®, ECLIPSETM, COASTTM, e-DIF®, OUTBACKTM, OUTBACK Guidance®, OUTBACK Guidance CenterTM, OUTBACK STM, OUTBACK S-LiteTM, OUTBACK S2TM, OUTBACK 360TM. OUTBACK Steering GuideTM, OUTBACK HitchTM, SATLOC®, the Satloc logo, eDrive®, eDriveTCTM, Just Let GoTM, L-DifTM, BaseLineHDTM, AerialAceTM, AirStarTM, AirTracTM, GPSteerTM, LiteStar IITM, PocketMaxTM, PocketMax PCTM, Satloc M3TM, MapStar®, IntelliFlow®, Beeline®, Contour LockTM and VectorTM are proprietary trademarks of Hemisphere GPS. Other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.

Patents
The OUTBACK STM and S-LiteTM automated navigation and steering guide system is covered by U.S. Patents No. 6,539,303 and No. 6,711,501. The OUTBACK HitchTM automated hitch control system is covered by U.S. Patent No. 6,631,916. The OUTBACK eDriveTC GPS assisted steering system is covered by U.S. Patent No. 7,142,956. Hemisphere GPS products may be covered by one or more of the following U.S. Patents: 6,111,549 6,549,091 6,876,920 7,292,186 7,429,952 6,397,147 6,631,916 7,142,956 7,373,231 7,437,230 6,469,663 6,711,501 7,162,348 7,400,956 7,460,942 6,501,346 6,744,404 7,277,792 7,400,294 6,539,303 6,865,465 7,292,185 7,388,539

Other U.S. and foreign patents pending.

Notice to Customers
Contact your local dealer for technical assistance. To find the authorized dealer near you, call or write us at:
Hemisphere GPS 8444 N. 90th Street, Suite 130 Scottsdale, AZ 85258 USA Telephone number: Fax number: E-mail address: (480) 348-9919 (480) 348-3670 techsupport@hemispheregps.com

Warranty Notice
Covered Products
This warranty covers all products manufactured by Hemisphere GPS (the "Products").

Hemisphere GPS Limited Warranty
Hemisphere GPS hereby warrants solely to the end purchaser of the Products, subject to the exclusions and procedures set forth herein below, that the Products sold to such end purchaser shall be free, under normal use and maintenance, from defects in material and workmanship for a period of 12 months from delivery to such end purchaser. Repairs and replacement components are warranted, subject to the exclusions and procedures set forth below, to be free, under normal use and maintenance, from defects in material and workmanship for 90 days from performance or delivery, or for the balance of the original warranty period, whichever is greater.

Purchaser's Exclusive Remedy
The end purchaser's exclusive remedy under this warranty shall be limited to the repair or replacement, at the option of Hemisphere GPS, of any defective Products or components thereof. The end user shall notify Hemisphere GPS or a Hemisphere GPS approved service center immediately of any claimed defect. Repairs shall be made through a Hemisphere GPS approved service center only.

Exclusions
Hemisphere GPS does not warrant damage occurring in transit or due to misuse, abuse, improper installation, neglect, lightning (or other electrical discharge) or fresh/salt water immersion of Products. Repair, modification or service of Hemisphere GPS products by any party other than a Hemisphere GPS approved service center shall render this warranty null and void. Hemisphere GPS does not warrant claims asserted after the end of the warranty period. Hemisphere GPS does not warrant or guarantee the precision or accuracy of positions obtained when using Products. Products are not intended for primary navigation or for use in safety of life applications. The potential accuracy of Products as stated in Hemisphere GPS literature and/or Product specifications serves to provide only an estimate of achievable accuracy based on:

• •

Specifications provided by the US Department of Defense for GPS Positioning, DGPS service provider performance specifications.

Hemisphere GPS reserves the right to modify Products without any obligation to notify, supply or install any improvements or alterations to existing Products.

No Other Warranties
THE FOREGOING WARRANTY IS EXCLUSIVE OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, WHETHER WRITTEN, ORAL, IMPLIED OR ARISING BY STATUTE, COURSE OF DEALING OR TRADE USAGE, IN CONNECTION WITH THE DESIGN, SALE, INSTALLATION, SERVICE OR USE OF ANY PRODUCTS OR ANY COMPONENTS THEREOF, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANT ABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Limitation of Liability
THE EXTENT OF HEMISPHERE GPS’ LIABILITY FOR DAMAGES OF ANY NATURE TO THE END PURCHASER OR
ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY WHETHER IN CONTRACT OR TORT AND WHETHER TO PERSONS OR PROPERTY SHALL IN NO CASE EXCEED, THE AGGREGATE, THE COST OF CORRECTING THE DEFECTIVE ITEM. IN NO EVENT WILL HEMISPHERE GPS BE LIABLE FOR ANY LOSS OF PROFITS, LOSS OF USE OR FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR CONTINGENT DAMAGES, EVEN IF HEMISPHERE GPS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. WITHOUT LIMITING THE FOREGOING, HEMISPHERE GPS SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES OF ANY KIND RESULTING FROM INSTALLATION, USE, QUALITY, PERFORMANCE OR ACCURACY OF ANY PRODUCTS.

Governing Legislation
To the greatest extent possible, this warranty shall be governed by the laws of the State of Arizona. In the event that any provision hereof is held to be invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, such provision shall be severed from this warranty and the remaining provisions shall remain in full force and effect.

Obtaining Warranty Service
In order to obtain warranty service, the end purchaser must bring the Product to a Hemisphere GPS approved service center along with the end purchaser's proof of purchase. For any questions regarding warranty service or to obtain information regarding the location of any of Hemisphere GPS' approved service centers, contact Hemisphere GPS at the following address: Hemisphere GPS 8444 N. 90th Street, Suite 130 Scottsdale, AZ 85258 Phone: 480-348-9919 Fax: 480-348-6370 techsupport@hemispheregps.com www.hemispheregps.com

Documentation Feedback
Hemisphere GPS is committed to the quality and continuous improvement of our products and services. We urge you to provide Hemisphere GPS with any feedback regarding this guide by writing to the following email address: DocFeedback@hemispheregps.com

AirTrac User Guide

Contents
Chapter 1 Welcome to AirTrac Product Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 The Hemisphere DGPS Receiver Advantage . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 AirTrac’s Use of DGPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The AirTrac Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Understanding the Main Display Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Map window................................................................... 4 Data window .................................................................. 5 Using the Menu - Virtual or Actual Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Accessing sub-screens and returning .......................... 6 Navigating menu options with the keypad.................. 7 Setting field values with the keypad ............................ 7 The Menu Keys and their Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Entering Numbers and Letters - General . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Entering Numbers and Letters - Touchscreen . . . . . . . . 12 Touchscreen numeric entry window.......................... 12 Touchscreen alphanumeric entry window ................ 13 Entering Numbers and Letters - Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Keypad numeric entry window................................... 14 Keypad alphanumeric entry window ......................... 14 Zooming and Panning the Map Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Zooming and panning with the touchscreen ............ 15

i

. ... 28 Spray Options . . . 32 Setting Spray Options .. .. . . . .. . Units... . . . . . . . . 34 Other Boom Settings . . ... . .. ... .... . . .. . .. . . .. . . . .... . .. . .. .. .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... ... ... . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. . . .... . ... . .. . . . . . .. .. 30 Setting Spray Options . . . ... . . . . .. . . ... . ... 18 Global units (of measurement) . . .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . .... GPS Coordinates and Laser (Altimeter) Offset . . .. .. .. 27 Adding Job Information to the Log . . . . . . . . .. . .. . .. 19 Setting Up Local Time Offset..... .. . . .. ... . .... . .. . . .... . .. . .. . .. ..... .. . . 29 Setting Spray Options . .. . . .... . . . . ... ... .... . ... . . Units. . . . .. . . . 25 Understanding Job and Log Data ... .. . .. . .Basic Flow Control ..Volume . .. . . . . . . ... . laser (altimeter) offset. .... . 17 Switching Between the Screen Color Options . ... . . .. . ... ...Flow Mode and Target Rate . ... 27 Log Data . 24 Entering Basic JOB Details (Quick-Start) . 35 ii ..... .. . . . . . .. .. . .. . .. . . . . .. . . . . . 19 Ag. . 19 Detecting Your Flow Control System . . . .... . . . . . 17 Before You Start .. .. . . . . ... . ... . . . ... .... . 22 Chapter 2 Work Options and Parameters Jobs and JOBS in AirTrac . . . . 18 Local time offset... . . . . . ... . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. .Zooming and panning with the keypad .. . . . .... ...... . .. . ... .. . . . . .... ... . .. .. . . 33 Boom Shutoff Settings .. . . . ... . . . . . ... . .. .. .. . .. .. . . 18 GPS coordinates . .. . . 18 Understanding Local Time Offset... . .. ... 32 Additional Flow Control Parameters . . .. .... . ... . . . .. . . .. GPS Coordinates and Laser (Altimeter) Offset ... . . . . . .. .... ... ... . .. .. .. . . . . . . . .... . . . . .

..... 43 Common Pattern Flying Tasks .. .... ... 49 Flying the Available Pattern Types . .. . . .. . ... . . . . 42 Flying Patterns . .. . . . .. . .. ... ........ . .. .. ....... . . 42 Understanding the A|B Line ... .... .. .. .. . . .... ...... . . ... .. . . .. .. . . . . . ... ... ... ... .. ......... ...... ... . ...... . . ........ .... ... ..... . . 58 Squeeze (SQUEZ) patterns..... 60 iii .. ....... 37 To change the flow lead time: . ... . . . ..... ... . ... . . .. ... .. .. . ... .... .. .... ..... ... . . 38 Chapter 3 Pattern Guidance Open and Closed Patterns .. ........ ..... ... . 48 Introducing the Available Pattern Types .. .. ... ...... . .... . .. 54 Racetrack patterns .. . . . . . ... . ... 37 Setting flow control parameters . . . .. . ....... ... . . ...... . . ... ...... ..... . 45 Troubleshooting ......... ............ .... . ....... ........ 52 Back-to-back skip patterns . ...... .. .... . .. . ....... .. .... ..... ....... .... .. 48 Available Pattern Types . . .... . . ...Closed Patterns . .. .. . . . .. ... ..... . ...... ...... . 42 Understanding the A|B Line .. . . ... . ... ... . ... 35 Changing the Flow Lead Time .. ..... ... ........ ..... . . ...... 56 Reverse racetrack patterns. ......... . .. .......... . .. 55 Quick racetrack patterns . .. . ... ........... . ... ........... . ............. .. . 57 QuickTrac X patterns .... ... . .. .. .. . ..AirTrac User Guide Performing a Boom Test .. ..... ... ....Open Patterns . ..... .... 51 Back-to-back patterns .. . . .. ... ... ...... 43 Flying a Basic Pattern . .. . .. .... ... . . ... .. . ..... ... .. .. . . .... ... . .. ....... .... ...... ..... . .... ....... . ... .... ... .. 52 Multi back-to-back patterns. ...... . . ..... 47 Light bar Warnings.. .. . .... . .. .. ... ..

... .. .. . . . ..... ... . ... .. ... . . . . .... . . .. .. . .. .. ... . . .. .. . . .. .... .. .. . 77 Setting waypoints by manual entry of GPS coordinates 78 Recalling a waypoint . . .. .. ... .. . . . .... . .... . ... . 64 Viewing Log Data .. . . .. . . . . .... 61 Understanding Marks (Return Points) . .. . 62 Returning to a Mark . ... . 63 Clearing a Mark . . . . . .. .. .. . ... . . ..... . .. . ... .. . . . . . .. .. . . ... . . ... . ... . . . .. . . ... 80 Recalling a route ..... .. . ... . .. .. ... . .. .. .. . ..Expand patterns .. . ... . .... . .... .. . .. . . . . .. 79 Editing or deleting a waypoint... . . . . 65 Clearing Log Data ........ . ...... . .... .. 74 Chapter 4 Advanced Navigation Understanding Waypoints and Routes ... .. . . . . . ..... . .. . . 79 Managing Routes . .. . .. . . ...... . . . .. ... . .. 64 About Log Data Files and Job Data Files . . . .. 80 Assigning a waypoint to a route... . .. .. .. . . . . .. . . . . . . ... .... . . ... . . .. . .. ... ..... . . . .. 76 Managing Waypoints .. . . ... .. . . ..... . . .. .. .. . . . . .. .. ... . .. 67 Transferring Data Files .. . ... .. ... .. .. . .. ... 63 Managing Data and Log Files . . ..... . .. .. . ... .. . . . ... . . . 62 Creating/Numbering Marks . . ..... . . . . . .. . . . . . .. 80 iv . . .. .. .. . . ... . . . ... . .. .... . . ... . . .. . . ...... . .. . . . . . . . . .. ....... .. . . 77 Setting waypoints while flying .. . . . . .. . . .. . . ... . .. 72 Transferring Logs to Your Personal Computer (PC) ... . . .... .. . . .. ...... . .. . 70 Transferring Only Log Files . . 63 Selecting the Logging Read/Write Device ... ... ... . .... . .. . . .

.. .. .. .. .. . .. . . ....... . ..... .. . .. . . . . .. ... 91 Saving/using a polygon without a JOB . . . . . . . .Three Ways ... . .. ... . .. 83 Entering GPS coordinates manually .... .. . . . . ..... . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . .. . . . ... 94 Editing or Deleting a Polygon .... . . . .. .... ..Basic . . . . . .single session 91 Saving/using a polygon without a JOB . . . ... . . .. 100 Understanding the Light Bar . . ... . . .. . .. . .... .. . .. . .. . .. . 98 Chapter 5 Advanced Setup and Customizations Advanced Setup Options . . 97 Understanding Patterns . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . ... .multiple sessions. ... .. . .. . ... . . .. . ... . . ..... .. . . . . .. 81 Saving and Recalling JOBs ... . 86 Importing Coordinates from a GIS File . . . . .. ... . .. .. . . . . . . .... . . 95 Auto-applying A|B Lines to a Polygon . . . . . . . . ... .. . .... . .. . .. ... .. . . .. . . . . . .. .. .. . . . .... .. 102 v . .. . 94 Navigating to a Polygon .. . . ... . .. .. . . . . . . ... . .. . . . .. .. .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . ... . .. . . .. ... .. . . . .... ....... . . . . . . . . ... . ... . . .. .. 94 Managing A|B Lines with Polygons . . . . . . .. . 92 Displaying Time and Distance to Polygons . ... . 82 Setting polygon points as you fly. . . 95 Rotating the A|B Line Around a Polygon . . .. 90 Saving Polygons . ... .... ... ... . 102 Setting Up the Light Bar ... . 81 Using Polygons . . ..... . .. .. . . . . . . . 82 Setting Polygon Points .... . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Understanding Polygons . .. . . 89 Calculating Total Polygon Area . .... .AirTrac User Guide Setting up automatic guidance.. . .. .. . . .. . . . .. . . .. . ... . . .

. ... . .. .. . .. ... .. . .. .. . 111 The SBAS Receiver Applications . . . .. 103 Setting the light bar edge warning. ....... . . 107 Setting the screen orientation .. .. .. . ...... . . .. . . . ... 107 Setting the mode .. .. .. ... . . ....... . ....... .......... .. .. . ..... ... ... ... . . .... ..... .. ... . ... .. .. .. ... . .. . . ..... . . . ... . ... .. . .. . . . .. 108 Changing the zoom/pan options .. .... .. .... . ... .. .. . ... .. ... .... .. ... .. ... .. . . ... .. .... . . .. . 116 vi ..... .. . . .. .. . . ..Advanced .. .... ..... .. 105 To Set a Guidance Delay: .. .. .. .. .. .. ... ... . .... . .. ......... .. . .... . . . . . . .. . .. ... 107 Setting the display screen options .... .. ...... . .. .. . .. .. 104 Setting the upper and lower LEDs display . .... . .. .. . .. .. ... . 105 Desensitizing the LEDs .... ....... . . ...... ....... . . .......... . .. . ... . .. .... ... ....... .. .. . .. ... .... .. . ..... . . .. . ... . ........ . . . . .. .. . ...... . ... ... .. . . . ... . . .... . .. . 103 Setting the cross-track sensitivity. .. . ... ..... 103 Setting a double-spray warning option ... . 103 Setting Up the Light Bar .. . .. 111 Using e-Dif with AirTrac .. .... . . ... ..... 106 Setting Up the Display Screen ... . .. .. . ............ 108 Logging Defaults ... ... . ... 111 Differential GPS .. .... .. 108 Setting the screen motion .... . . ........... . ... 112 Customized Settings . ... . .. . . . ... ...... .. .. . . 110 Flow Control . . 105 The Screen Displays Screen .. 113 Chapter 6 Troubleshooting Frequently Asked Questions . . .. . .. ... .. .... . . ...... . . . .. 105 Understanding Guidance Delay . . . ..Setting the left and right displays . . .... .... .

..... 121 Light Bar\Screen Display Options ..Alphabetical...............119 Appendix B: Light Bar and Screen Display Options ....130 vii .....................................................As Listed (By Type) ......120 Light Bar\Screen Display Options ...... 123 End User License Agreement .............................AirTrac User Guide Appendix A: The AirTrac Screen Map .........................

viii .

Chapter 1: Welcome to AirTrac Product Features The Hemisphere DGPS Receiver Advantage AirTrac’s Use of DGPS The AirTrac Display Before You Start .

you will never be without a differential signal. OmniSTAR. 2 . flexible guidance technology you need in today’s aerial spray market. or Beacon. Our receivers support differential signals from a Satellite-Based Augmentation System (SBAS). or GAGAN. AirTrac’s features include: • • • • • • variable rate flow control dry flow control support nighttime screen color options additional pattern types for even more flexibility touchscreen or keypad interface options variable rate prescription maps for the variable rate flow control (software included) the option to set the USB thumb drive or the M3 hard drive as the logging read/write device (see “Selecting the Logging Read/Write Device” on page 66). This next-generation software provides new features to improve all types of aerial spray applications.1: Welcome to AirTrac T he AirTrac guidance software provides the precise. • The Hemisphere DGPS Receiver Advantage With a Hemisphere DGPS receiver. In the event of a temporary signal outage. Product Features AirTrac guidance software works with the Hemisphere GPS’s Air M3 system. In this introductory chapter. EGNOS. We also discuss some of the things you need to do to get started. such as WAAS. we summarize the product features and introduce the screen display and the interface. MSAS. Hemisphere’s patented COAST technology enables you to use old correction data for a half hour or longer without significant degradation of accuracy.

• 3 . AirTrac’s Use of DGPS AirTrac uses DGPS data to provide you with highly accurate guidance to efficiently complete your spray jobs. With the touchscreen version you access a virtual keypad on the display screen that looks like. The AirTrac Display There are two AirTrac versions available: touchscreen and keypad. The GPS location is made more accurate by applying DGPS corrections. AirTrac can calculate exactly where your next swath should be based on your selected swath width and pattern using a GPS location it computes 5-20 times per second. The corrections are modeled over time and applied to the GPS data to maintain a consistent relative position. you can achieve GPS accuracies of a few feet without the need for a differential signal broadcast. AirTrac also uses GPS data to guide you to specific waypoints .AirTrac User Guide Hemisphere receivers also support e-Dif. and four shortcut or ‘quick’ keys to access the frequently used functions of zoom. or starting location for your pattern. In the touchscreen version the map window has: • a KEYPAD key which takes you to the main menu—the virtual keypad. With e-Dif. Once you have established a reference line.GPS coordinates of a specific location. AirTrac’s M3 standard (optional) keypad. e-Dif works by generating internal differential corrections based on your starting location. decrement a swath and advance a swath. a differential solution for areas where it is geographically difficult to get a good differential signal. The main difference between the two versions is indicated in Figure 1-1 below. which includes important status information and custom display (user-configurable) options. Both versions use the same basic console display. mark a position. and behaves in a very similar way to. The resulting light bar guidance cues reflect your real-time GPS data.

The map window also shows your differential status and whether logging is on or off. only the touchscreen version has a KEYPAD key and the four quick keys. areas to spray and to not spray.1: Welcome to AirTrac There are also slight differences between the two versions in the way that you navigate the screens and enter alphanumeric characters. The map includes an outline of the field’s shape and size. or ‘windows’: the map window and the data window. and any marks in the field. Figure 1-1: Main display screen: touchscreen version Map window The map window shows a GIS-generated map of the field when you create a job file or open a log. As shown in Figure 1-1. 4 . Understanding the Main Display Screen The main display screen comprises two areas.

GPS status—and your current job information. heading. help messages. guides to the use of the keypad for some functions. including pattern. Figure 1-2: The touchscreen’s menu or “virtual keypad” 5 .AirTrac User Guide Data window The data window shows the current date and time. Note: For a list of display options for the map window’s large format display fields and the data window’s Fields 1-3. and sprayed area. swath width and number. when required.Virtual or Actual Keypad For both versions of AirTrac you enter custom setup options. direction. Using the Menu . see “Appendix B: Light Bar and Screen Display Options” on page 122. status information for special functions—such as waypoints and missions. speed. values and commands by using (touching or pressing) buttons on the virtual or actual keypads. The data window also displays. for example zooming and panning the map display. You access the touchscreen’s menu by touching KEYPAD in the map window.

Figure 1-3: The keypad menu . For example LEFT RIGHT\3 or MARK\4. SETUP on “AirTrac Setup” opens “Setup 2” . you can navigate as follows: SETUP on the Menu opens “AirTrac Setup” (with the touchscreen you can also access this screen directly from the map screen by pressing KEYPAD twice quickly).the keypad itself Note that for both menus. and LEFT RIGHT\3—are highlighted in white. In the keypad version. SWATH\2. when describing procedures. you can navigate through as many as three ‘sub-screens’ to make additional/advanced selections or set additional/ advanced values (the SETUP button in the sub-screens has the annotation ‘For More Options’). the most often used keys—SETUP . see “The Menu Keys and their Function” on page 8 for a description of the menu button functions. Accessing sub-screens and returning Using the SETUP button. PATTERN\1. starting at the touchscreen’s main menu (press KEYPAD) or the real keypad. you do not need to access a menu—your keypad is the menu. 6 .1: Welcome to AirTrac Note: In this document. For example. buttons are referred to with their function or data type in uppercase and their numeric value.

Note: There’s no CLEAR button in the AirTrac Setup screen because going back one screen from there is back to the map so you use EXIT. SETUP on “Advanced Setup” opens “Advanced Setup 2” . use your arrow keys (ABC. Setting field values with the keypad If a field button has a drop-down list associated with it (for example PATTERN in the AirTrac Setup screen). Navigating menu options with the keypad In the keypad version. For a schematic of the full screen map. see “Appendix A: The AirTrac Screen Map” on page 121.AirTrac User Guide SETUP on “Setup 2” opens “Advanced Setup” . press EXIT to return to the map with your pattern type set. If you 7 . press SAVE/right arrow to drop—or ‘open’—the list. Use CLEAR (left arrow) ‘To Go Back’ (backtrack) or EXIT ‘To Return To Map’. CLEAR and SAVE) to navigate around menu options on display. Then use ABC and DEC (up and down arrows) to select your pattern type. From each of these sub-screens you have the choice of backtracking through the screens one by one or going directly back to the map. DEC. The current selection has a yellow background. If you have then finished in the Setup screen.

Also. numeric value 1. Toggle through available patterns without going SETUP > PATTERN (you can see the pattern names changing in the data window). Menu Key Function Access the AirTrac Setup screen. If a field button does not have a drop-down list (for example LOG in the Setup screen). The Menu Keys and their Function The table below provides a brief description of the function of each key on the main menu. numeric value 3. Change direction (left to right or right to left) without going SETUP > LEFT/RIGHT (you can see the changes in the data window).1: Welcome to AirTrac want to stay in the Setup screen. 8 . Then return to the map or set other field values. Enter a swath width using the numeric keypad without going SETUP > SWATH WIDTH. numeric value 2. Also. press SAVE/right arrow again to close the drop-down list but stay in the Setup screen to set other field values. You are either flying to the left or to the right of the A|B line. press ENTER to cycle through the available values (LEFT or RIGHT in our example). Also.

2. CLEAR) to set. Press this key in conjunction with an action key (SAVE. CLEAR) to set. Also. 9 . numeric value 6.AirTrac User Guide Menu Key Function Create A. Touchscreen: Swath decrement (if not using the touchscreen map window’s DEC quick key or the remote decrement switch). SET. Also. SET. Also. 1. numeric value 4. Press to set a polygon point. Press this key in conjunction with an action key (SAVE. See below. SET. Once the pattern is set. Keypad: a. Also. b. the button turns into a swath advance function (touchscreen and keypad) or the up arrow (keypad). 1. b. CLEAR) to set. or delete a waypoint respectively. recall. numeric value 5. Keypad: a. Access the Zoom/Pan controls (if not using the touchscreen map window’s ZOOM quick key. or delete a mark respectively.) Set a mark (1-9) quickly. or delete a polygon. swath advance navigating within screens: selects fields above currently selected field or moves up open field lists. 2. recall. Touchscreen: Swath advance (if not using the touchscreen map window’s ADV quick key or the remote advance switch). swath advance navigating within screens: selects fields below currently selected field or moves down open field lists. press this key in conjunction with an action key (SAVE. recall. B and C points when creating a pattern.

For example. Note: It is important to be aware of the difference between clearing a data type from the screen or clearing (deleting) the data type from the database by entering its number. Also. Acts as a quick key to return you to marks numbered between 1 and 9. JOB. recall. or delete a job respectively. Used in conjunction with other keys to save a data type. 10 . Press RETURN then a number key (19) to return to that mark. SET.1: Welcome to AirTrac Menu Key Function Used in conjunction with other keys to either clear a data type from the screen or delete a data type. You cannot return to any mark numbered higher than 9 because only the first digit counts. ENTER (where n = the JOB number) deletes the JOB from the database (you have to confirm the deletion). ENTER clears the JOB data (polygons and patterns) from the screen. SET. Also. its polygons and patterns are also deleted. Press this key in conjunction with an action key (SAVE. numeric value 9. pressing SAVE. recall. If you delete a JOB. n. Also. For important information on exiting AirTrac and powering off see the exit warning on page 26 (Exit warning). You also use CLEAR > CLEAR then YES (or EXIT TO WINDOWS) to correctly exit AirTrac before shutting down the power source. numeric value 7. To return to marks numbered greater than 9 use SET (see SET below). CLEAR) to set. CLEAR. Press this key in conjunction with an action key (SAVE. JOB. For example. POLY *n (*n = polygon #) saves the mark. CLEAR) to set. pressing CLEAR. or delete a route respectively. numeric value 8.

pressing SET. Used in conjunction with other keys to recall a specific data type. If you select either. MARK *n. Also. can all be 11 . you can quickly transfer log files from your M3 hard drive to your USB thumb drive (for transfer to a PC for example). See “Transferring Only Log Files” on page 74. SET. however. Pilot and Aircraft. Entering Numbers and Letters . Save changes and return to the map window. Name. Takes you to the Logging screen where you can start a new log or turn logging off/on. the system detects if the value for the field selected can be only numeric or can be alphanumeric and automatically presents you with the appropriate entry window. SET switches the display between Normal (daytime) and Dark (nighttime) mode.General When you need to enter numeric or alphanumeric values. pressing INFO. Used in conjunction with other keys to view information about a data type. from the Logging screen that the LOG button takes you to. MARK displays information about the mark in the data window. the system presents you with the numeric entry window (Figure 1-5). For example. For example. (Use the quick key RETURN to return to marks numbered 1-9).AirTrac User Guide Menu Key Function Return to the data/map window. For example. Also. ENTER (*n = Mark #) gives you guidance back to the mark. in the Logging Setup screen (Figure 1-4) the Logging Interval and the Logging Speed can be only numeric values.

Touchscreen When you have navigated to the screen in which you want to enter values. Entering Numbers and Letters . for example the Logging Setup screen. the system presents you with the alphanumeric entry window (Figure 1-6). Figure 1-4: The Logging Setup screen The procedure for entering values is different between the touchscreen and keypad versions of AirTrac. Touchscreen numeric entry window In the touchscreen’s numeric entry window. touch a field’s labelled button. The system provides you with the appropriate entry window.1: Welcome to AirTrac alphanumeric values so when you select them. 12 . to save it). touch buttons as required then ENTER to accept your entry (that is. The entry screen disappears and the value you entered populates the appropriate field in the logging setup screen (Logging Interval in our example).

Figure 1-6: Touchscreen alphanumeric entry window 13 . touch buttons as required then use ENTER or EXIT to accept (save) or cancel (not save) your entry respectively. as with the numeric entry window. to not save it) and return to the map window. Figure 1-5: Touchscreen numeric entry window Touchscreen alphanumeric entry window In the touchscreen’s alphanumeric entry window.AirTrac User Guide Touch EXIT to cancel your entry (that is.

ENTER to accept your entry (to save it). use the numbers on your keypad to enter the required value.Keypad When you have navigated to the screen in which you want to enter values. The system provides you with the appropriate input window.) Keypad numeric entry window With the keypad numeric entry window open. (See “Navigating menu options with the keypad” on page 7. Both ENTER and EXIT return you to the Logging Setup window. for example the Logging Setup screen. EXIT to cancel your entry (not save it). Figure 1-7: Keypad numeric entry window Note the help text at the bottom of the window that tells you to press: • • • LOG to enter a decimal point.1: Welcome to AirTrac Entering Numbers and Letters . use the 1-9 key guide displayed below the entry field help text to identify the keypad button to press to enter a particular number or letter. Keypad alphanumeric entry window With the keypad alphanumeric entry window open. use your keypad arrow buttons to select a field’s labelled button. 14 .

Q. press RETURN\7 repeatedly to scroll through 7. P .AirTrac User Guide For example. For example. with the touchscreen you can pan manually by dragging on the screen. After entering a character. and S. Press 1 to add a space. to enter “S” in the field. zoom and pan the map window as follows: 15 . When you have finished. you zoom and pan the map window slightly differently for the touchscreen and keypad versions of AirTrac. Figure 1-8: Keypad alphanumeric entry window Zooming and Panning the Map Display As with other operations. press ENTER to continue. press EXIT to keep your entry and close the entry window or CLEAR to close the window without keeping the entry (that is. to cancel it). Press the down arrow to backspace (erasing the last letter). R. Zooming and panning with the touchscreen With the touchscreen version.

Touch ZOOM. The zoom/pan window appears.touch CENTER. Continue touching this button to toggle through the following centering options: • • • prescription map (if active) each active polygon in a job everything (for example.1: Welcome to AirTrac 1. Touch the buttons in this window to zoom and pan as follows: • to pan the map . polygons. to center the display on the aircraft . to zoom in/out.touch the appropriate arrow key to pan the display in the direction of the arrow or just drag in the map window. prescription maps. touch the appropriate key. and aircraft) • • 16 . Figure 1-9: The touchscreen’s zoom/pan window 2.

Press keypad keys as indicated by the guide. 3. A zoom/pan key guide appears below the Date and Time fields of the main screen data window (as shown). press ABC (up arrow) to zoom in. 4. to pan right. polygons. Press ZOOM/PAN. and aircraft). 17 .AirTrac User Guide Zooming and panning with the keypad With the keypad version. press 5 (WPT). For panning. Figure 1-10: The zoom/pan key guide in the data window 2. For example. press 7 (RETURN). to pan down/left. To exit the zoom/pan window. To center the display on the aircraft. zoom and pan the map window as follows: 1. You can switch between them by pressing SET twice on the virtual or real keypad (recommended) or through the menus (SETUP > SETUP > SCREEN > Mode). press the keypad number key associated with the arrow that points to where you want to pan. Continue pressing 5 to toggle through the following centering options: • • • prescription map (if active) each active polygon in a job everything (for example. DEC (down arrow) to zoom out. For zooming. prescription maps. Switching Between the Screen Color Options AirTrac has both a normal (daytime) screen color mode and dark. press EXIT. (nighttime) screen color mode. press 6 (POLY).

units of measurement. AirTrac comes with default factory settings that meet most users’ needs. This is made clear when file transfer procedures are discussed. you will need to set the local time twice a year.1: Welcome to AirTrac Before You Start Each time you start AirTrac you have the option to select the USB thumb drive or the M3 hard drive as the logging read/write device. Note: AIrTrac can save your customized settings which you can then transfer.) Understanding Local Time Offset. Units. Arizona. via USB thumb drive. You can also assign units to individual 18 . To use metric units change the Global Units setting. The choice you make affects various file transfer procedures. Note: If you live in an area that observes daylight saving. You will. For more information see “Selecting the Logging Read/Write Device” on page 66 and “Transferring Data Files” on page 72. When you have set these values or options. For more information see “Customized Settings” on page 113. units. need to set some system-wide values and options to suit your local requirements. to use AirTrac in Arizona. For example. you must know the time difference between GMT and local time for both standard and daylight savings. you are ready to start using AirTrac.S. GPS Coordinates and Laser (Altimeter) Offset You need to set system-wide setting of local time offset. To convert to local time. to a PC or other M3s. Global units (of measurement) Your AirTrac system comes preset with U. is located in the Mountain time zone and does not observe daylight saving. GPS coordinates and a laser altimeter offset.S. So. Local time offset AirTrac is set to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). you would set the local time setting to -07:00 (7 hours behind GMT). however. U.

area) in the advanced Units Setup window. At the virtual keypad (press KEYPAD). Setting Up Local Time Offset. The Setup 2 screen appears. laser (altimeter) offset The Ag Laser is a laser altimeter used to provide AirTrac with a distance from the aircraft to the ground/crop canopy (see Note following). or in decimal seconds. GPS coordinates The coordinates option tells AirTrac how you want to view GPS coordinates . press SETUP twice. Note: About ‘ground/crop canopy’. speed.in decimal degrees (the default). Units. GPS Coordinates and Laser (Altimeter) Offset Step Button (when applicable) Touchscreen version 1. The offset is a number that you can set to offset the difference between the actual mounting location of the Ag Laser (usually in the wing) and the lowest point of the aircraft (the landing gear) to determine exactly how high the lowest part of the plane is off the ground/crop canopy.AirTrac User Guide data types (for example. The laser will bounce off of the ground or off the canopy of whatever crop the plane is flying over if the vegetation is thick and hides the ground. in decimal minutes. 19 . Ag.

1: Welcome to AirTrac Step Button (when applicable) Figure 1-11: The Setup 2 screen 2. Figure 1-12: The Units screen 3. Press UNITS. The Units screen appears. Set the Local Time Offset from (+)14 hours to -12 hours in half hourly increments. 20 .

AirTrac User Guide Step Button (when applicable) 4. 21 . and the lowest point of the aircraft (the landing gear). Select from US. Laser Offset . Select from: • • • DDD. 7. (‘Global’ means all the units in your AirTrac. Set your Ag.SSS . Metric or Nautical.decimal minutes DDDMMSS. press SETUP in the Units screen. 6.DDDDDDD .decimal seconds 5.see step 7). Set your Global Units.decimal degrees DDDMM. the Units Advanced Setup appears.MMMM .the number to allow for the difference between the actual mounting location of the Ag Laser (usually in the wing). You can override the global setting for individual units in Units Advanced Setup . To override the global units for certain values. Set the format of your Coordinates.

Detecting Your Flow Control System AirTrac automatically detects if a flow control system is connected and what type it is: AerialACE. or IntelliGate. Volume and Area are reset to Metric from US. Change individual units from your global setting. If the system detects a flow control it displays the type at the top of the Flow Control Setup window. If the system does not detect a flow control. In the example. IntelliFlow. 22 .1: Welcome to AirTrac Step Button (when applicable) Figure 1-13: The Units Advanced Setup screen 8. For more information see “Flow Control” on page 111. it displays a message to that effect at the top of the window.

Chapter 2: Work Options and Parameters Jobs and JOBS in AirTrac Entering Basic JOB Details (Quick-Start) Understanding Job and Log Data Spray Options Additional Flow Control Parameters .

If you power off without first exiting AirTrac you risk corrupting your data. we call it a “job” . AirTrac opens at the AirTrac Setup screen. Note: On start up. Data integrity can be ensured only if you exit AirTrac before powering 26 . Warning: To protect your data. If you shut down with <No Job>* active. added to. Jobs and JOBS in AirTrac A job. When we are referring to this entity. (You get <No Job>* active by pressing CLEAR > JOB > ENTER). When we are referring to a piece of work. and you later shut down with a saved JOB loaded. we call it a “JOB” . subtracted from. is a piece of work. such as flying/spraying a pattern. you must exit (shut down) AirTrac before you turn the power source off. The setup window prompts you to enter the basic job details you need to quickly get to work: Pattern Swath width Direction (Left/Right) Logging on/off Note: In the following procedures we use the term ‘press’ for using a button for both the touchscreen and the keypad versions of AirTrac. in its generic sense. If you exit from this opening screen.2: Work Options and Parameters A • • • • irTrac opens with the AirTrac Setup window. you will see that JOB is still loaded on restarting AirTrac. A JOB is an AirTrac entity comprising one or more polygons and one or more flown patterns. you will see JOB 000 loaded. deleted. A JOB can be saved.

The AirTrac Setup screen appears.AirTrac User Guide off. Entering Basic JOB Details (Quick-Start) Step Button (when applicable) (Touchscreen version) 1. 27 . Press SETUP at the main menu. Exit AirTrac by pressing CLEAR > CLEAR then selecting either YES or EXIT TO WINDOWS.

Press AUTO REPEAT (to show YES) to repeat the current pattern when you have completed it. Press PATTERN and select the pattern type you require from the drop-down list. The button toggles between left and right. 5. 28 . 4.2: Work Options and Parameters Step Button (when applicable) 2. Figure 2-1: The pattern type list 3. If auto repeat is NO. Press LEFT/RIGHT to select a direction. AirTrac reverts to a Back-to-Back pattern when you have completed the current pattern. Press SWATH WIDTH then enter the swath width.

If you change it to OFF and are back in the map window. This saves you setting it back on using SETUP > LOG (down arrow x 3) > right arrow > SAVE (Start New Log is highlighted) > EXIT (seven presses). patterns flown. For more information on job functionality. it is not JOB information (polygons and patterns). precise time and date record. logging is ON. such as a name/number. Note: This is job (a piece of work) information stored in the log. By default. see “Saving and Recalling JOBs” on page 83. you can save a step when turning logging back on by using KEYPAD > LOG > Start New Log > Exit. Press LOG then select to Start New Log or to Turn Logging Off.AirTrac User Guide Step Button (when applicable) 6. and aircraft name/number. altitude. you can turn it back on with just three button presses: LOG > SAVE (Start New Log is highlighted) > EXIT. The optional job information you add through the Logging Setup screen becomes part of the log file. Understanding Job and Log Data If logging is enabled (default setting). flight speed. assigning the time/date stamp of each new log as the log file name. pilot name. AirTrac automatically creates a log file for each job flown. Note: If you complete the above procedure on the keypad version. You can enter additional details to your job. and 29 . Log Data Log data includes exact positioning and rate of spray application. and set the logging OFF at step 6. This is optional.

For more information see “Logging Defaults” on page 110). You also set the logging interval and speed here and set New Log Per Job to Yes or No. Adding Job Information to the Log You add Job information to the log in the Logging Setup screen (SETUP > SETUP > LOGGING SETUP). 30 .p.h. Logging Speed field.2: Work Options and Parameters GPS position quality. pilot name and aircraft name in their respective fields. view logs and clear (delete) logs from the Logging Setup screen. And you can transfer logs and files. and “Transferring Data Files” on page 72. AirTrac records this information in the log any time you are above a pre-designated airspeed (the factory default is 45 m. The entries appear in the blue flight data bar above the data/map window in the order PILOT: AIRCRAFT: (Job) NAME. See “Viewing Log Data” on page 67. but you can change this in SETUP > SETUP > LOGGING SETUP . “Clearing Log Data” on page 69. Figure 2-2: The Logging Setup screen Here you enter such information as a job name.

you may also want to change your flow lead time. If the system does not detect a flow control. AerialACE or AutoCal.AirTrac User Guide Spray Options AirTrac automatically detects if a flow control system is connected and what type it is: IntelliFlow. it displays a message to that effect at the top of the window. Lb/Acre dry .displays in the flight data bar as LIQUID or DRY) Target spray rate (Gal/Acre liquid. Lead time represents the flow control system’s reaction time to reach the proper rate at the proper location. as well as liquid and dry application. If the system detects a flow control. If defining and flying polygons.US units) Spray volume • • You can also set AirTrac to spray with the entire boom (default setting) or only the left or right boom (shows in the flight data bar as BOOM:ALL/LEFT /RIGHT). including: • Type of spray application (liquid or dry . If you have a flow control system installed. you may also want to set the flow control system to automatically turn on/off when entering/leaving a polygon. The following section details spray option setup covering: • • • Basic flow control Flow mode and target rate Volume 31 . you will need to set your basic job spray options in AirTrac. AirTrac supports constant rate and variable rate flow control. IntelliGate. Finally. it displays the type at the top of the Flow Control Setup window.

Basic Flow Control You set your spray options in the Flow Control Setup screen (SETUP > SETUP > FLOW CTRL or INFO\0 > INFO\0). For example. Monitor Only: with Monitor Only selected you just monitor the flow system. In this mode. you would use this mode to calibrate your flow meter or for logging rates if using AutoCal. For variable rate spray applications you can select a prescription map from the Prescription Map screen. Figure 2-3: The Flow Control Setup screen The Flow Control field has the following options: Constant Rate: constant rate flow control.2: Work Options and Parameters Setting Spray Options . you control the flow manually. Variable Rate: variable rate flow control that automatically adjusts the flow rate based on the prescription map you upload. Constant Rate Poly: constant rate flow control that automatically turns on/off at polygon borders. 32 .

5 s Variable Rate Default Lead Time (Edge) 0.AirTrac User Guide Figure 2-4: The Prescription Map screen In this screen you can: • Load a map initially. The defaults shown in the table below are recommended.Pump On. Clear the currently loaded map (so no map on screen) by pressing ENTER with <Clear current PMap> selected.1 s YES . Default Lead Time (Variable Rate) 0. but may not be suitable for all applications.Valve Closed.Valve Closed. Valve Static NO . Rate 0 Target Rate N/A N/A Constant Rate Poly 0.1 s Auto Boom Yes/No Option YES .Pump On. Valve Static NO . or replace the current map with another one. Rate 0 N/A 33 . by pressing ENTER with your required map selected. • The following table summarizes the flow control options and how the various parameters you can select in the three Flow Control setup windows affect each option.

Flow Mode and Target Rate You select Liquid or Dry to match your spray application type in the Flow Mode field and set your target rate in gallons per acre for liquid applications or pounds per acre for dry applications (US Units).2: Work Options and Parameters Default Lead Time (Variable Rate) Constant Rate Manual N/A Default Lead Time (Edge) N/A Auto Boom Yes/No Option N/A Target Rate Actual Spray Rate Setting Spray Options . Figure 2-5: The Flow Control Setup screen Setting Spray Options . This value counts down as material is sprayed.Volume You set the beginning hopper volume in the Volume field. If you refill the hopper with the same amount you can use reset the volume to the last amount you 34 .

AirTrac User Guide entered using the Reset Volume button. These are used only when running in AUTOBOOM ON mode. Currently. restarting flow control at a different rate after closing of the boom during a turn or crossing an exclusion zone. A solution for this is to give an appropriate valve movement just before starting to place the valve close to optimal position. To reset the spray volume or area counters. The additional parameters optimize the calibration and functioning of AerialACE’s variable rate flow control system. The volume resets to the volume you entered in Step 4 and the Total Area counter resets to 0. Here is a description of the valve. rate=100 kg/h). It varies with motor type. With AUTOBOOM control. This should be tested using the AerialACE toggle switch. Additional Flow Control Parameters AirTrac has new flow control parameters. valve size and aircraft voltage regulator valves. Max Flow Rate: the maximum flow rate in gallons/acre or lites/hectare that is achieved by the system with the valve fully open. you press Reset Volume or Reset Total Area. the valve can be left in position during turns or across exclusion areas and restart close to optimal position. 35 . The amount of movement is dependent on the magnitude of difference between rates and the direction of travel. Zero Poly Rate Adjust: the time in milliseconds that it takes for the valve to go from fully CLOSED to fully OPEN. but typically it should be around 2. Requirements having different rates for exiting and entering areas can result in overshoot or undershoot on entering. And you can reset the total sprayed area (as shown in the Data window) back to 0.000 ms for a two second time. Note: When AutoCal reports that it is using dry flow control. AerialACE uses feedback from the meter flow rate for control. the volume and rate is based on weight (Volume = 1000 kg.

2: Work Options and Parameters Close Factor: The close factor compensates for any response differences that may occur when sending short pulses to close and open the valve. Boom Shutoff Settings Your boom options determine which booms are active (that is. You set these options in the Spray Boom Setup screen (SETUP > SETUP > FLOW CTRL > SETUP > SETUP). Boom Shutoff ALL Full / Half Boom Full (Half is N/A) Boom(s) Spraying Both 36 . spraying) during full and half-boom spraying operations. LEFT or RIGHT. Only left and right relate to half-boom operations and the one you set here is the boom that continues spraying in half-boom mode. The following table shows which booms are active when spraying based on your boom shutoff selection. Figure 2-6: The Spray Boom Setup screen The boom shutoff options are ALL. A close factor of 1.5 typically give the best performance with AutoBoom.

5 works best. Actual parameters may vary in the field. The default is 6.07 pounds/ acre (Lb/A) for dry flow mode. Zero Poly Rate Adjust: the time (in milliseconds) it takes the valve to go from fully closed to fully open field. HALF BOOM shows in the map window below your left display option in the Large Format Display area. 37 . Performing a Boom Test Follow these step to perform a boom test. you can use quick keys SET > LEFT RIGHT\3 to toggle between full-boom and halfboom.0 gallons/acre (G/A) for liquid flow mode and 50. The default is 600 ms.AirTrac User Guide Boom Shutoff LEFT LEFT RIGHT RIGHT Full / Half Boom Full Half Full Half Boom(s) Spraying Both Left Both Right Note: With the boom shutoff set to either left or right. Our lab testing has shown that a factor of 1. Note: These defaults were arrived at by testing these parameters with AirTrac running on an AerialACE flow control system with a 2.5-inch valve at our facilities with our bench setup. Close Factor: the factor by which the closing time is increased because the valve is working against the flow pressure. Other Boom Settings Max Flow Rate: the maximum rate of flow through the valve. While operating in half-boom mode.

2: Work Options and Parameters 1. “Spray On” means the boom is connected correctly. In the preceding example. The Flow Control Setup screen appears. 38 . This cycles the boom control on AerialACE and provides feedback to AirTrac on whether the spray connections are wired correctly. Press SETUP > SETUP again. Figure 2-8: The Spray Boom Setup screen 3. The Spray Boom Setup screen appears. Press SETUP > SETUP > FLOW CTRL. Press BOOM TEST. Figure 2-7: The Flow Control Setup screen 2.

enter a flow lead time in seconds. To change the flow lead time: 1. Vrate Lead Time: Vrate (Variable Rate) Lead Time is the time in seconds it takes the system to switch rates. Edge Lead Time (On/Off): edge lead time ‘On’ represents how early the flow control reacts to reach the proper rate at the proper location. 3. Press SETUP to open the Flow Control Advanced Setup window.AirTrac’s default setup is designed to adjust for the rate changes automatically based on typical flight speeds. Press SETUP > SETUP > FLOW CTRL. Note: Vrate Lead Time will be grayed out unless you are running in variable rate mode. 39 .AirTrac User Guide Changing the Flow Lead Time There are two types of flow lead time: variable rate lead time and edge lead time. Figure 2-9: The Flow Control Setup screen 2. The Flow Control Setup screen appears. In the Flow Lead Time field. However. Edge lead time ‘Off’ represents how early the flow control begins to turn off when exiting a polygon or prescription map. you shouldn’t need to adjust this setting .

8 volts. Overshoots caused by PG can be corrected to some extent by using a higher DG value. 40 . this is the calculation of the difference between the actual and the desired to remove steadystate errors. Max: the percentage of the input voltage designated as 100 percent output voltage. IG: the integral gain (IG) is the gain on the integral term. This value acts as a stabilizer to correct overshooting from other rates.4 volts. Basically. Too much of the value causes an overshoot of the desired value in both directions. Too much of this number causes slow changes. Too little of this value causes a slow rate of change to the desired rate. If the input voltage is 28 volts and the MAX value is 80 volts. then the final output is 80 percent. then the maximum voltage that would go to the motor would be 22. Too little of this number causes over/under shooting of the correct value and possible oscillation. Integral is the sum of steady-state error over time. DG: the gain on the derivative term rate-of-change of the error. If the input voltage is 28 volts and the MIN value is 10 volts. This number will eventually get large enough to create voltage to the motor which would make a more precise reading. Note: Use this value only for diagnostic purposes. This value acts as the speed to go from one rate to another. Note: The should be no reason for you to change this value PG: the proportional gain of the change from one rate to another. If the controller output is 100 percent and the MAX is 80 volts.2: Work Options and Parameters Setting flow control parameters Select from the following: Min: the minimum percent value of the input voltage which would make the motor turn. then the voltage threshold it would need to pass to start turning the motor would be 2.

40 and above. The only reason someone might need to change this value is when there are added features like hydraulics to control the on and off points. The DB valve is a percent (+/-) from the target rate. DLY: delay is between the “Boom On” and when control begins to compensate for pump turn-on delay.AirTrac User Guide When DG goes up. This only applies to AiralACE firmware 1. 41 . This is the amount of acceptable error below which there is no control. Note: There should be no reason to change this number. DB: the dead band of the change from one rate to another. both the responsiveness and the overshoot goes down.

2: Work Options and Parameters 42 .

Chapter 3: Pattern Guidance Open and Closed Patterns Flying Patterns Available Pattern Types Managing Data and Log Files .

The number of swaths you can fly is limited because in closed patterns you define the width of the field.open patterns and closed patterns. Note: The A|B line may be inside or outside of the field. you can fly an unlimited. It also covers data and log files—how you view.3: Pattern Guidance T his chapter covers patterns—the pattern types and how you set them and fly them. 44 . When you have entered the number of points required for a pattern— two or three—AirTrac places an array of swath guidelines on the screen with the A|B line in red. point B is the end of the line. However. In AirTrac. Both open and closed patterns need an initial guideline on which to base the pattern’s GPS coordinates. this initial guideline is called the A|B line. Understanding the A|B Line . you define the width of your field by setting a third point . the number of swaths you can fly is limited.the “C” point. delete and transfer them. Establishing A and B points too close together can result in a small error that will create a large divergence over a long distance. Points A and B should be as far apart as possible to ensure the accuracy of the line. Understanding the A|B Line . In an open pattern. Closed patterns need an additional defining point— C.Open Patterns In an open pattern. or “closed” . All swaths you fly will be parallel to this initial A|B line. you also set points A and B to define your A|B line. in a closed pattern.Closed Patterns In a closed pattern. point A of the A|B line is the beginning of the line. Open and Closed Patterns There are two basic classifications of patterns in AirTrac . or “open” number of swaths because the pattern is not dependent on the size of the field. In a closed pattern.

Turn on your spray as you enter the field. 2. C points according to the pattern you select. 4. For a full description of this figure. In the example below. we have chosen to fly a back-to-back (BK-BK) pattern. Your light bar prompts you to set point A of the A|B line (notice “. 3. and when applicable. Note: You can have AirTrac automatically place an A|B line for you. Flying Patterns When you have set your job options (see Chapter “Work Options and Parameters” on page 25). You can move the A|B line to other sides as required. Press the remote swath advance to set your B point. Note: The following example uses your factory default settings. Flying a Basic Pattern 1. If you change the default setup you may see different data in your light bar. Begin flying.-A” in the left LED display). B. you are ready to begin flying with AirTrac. Airtrac places an A|B line on the optimum side of the active polygon.. The light bar prompts you to set your B point by flashing the upper row of LEDs. If you load a JOB that has a polygon or polygons saved with it.AirTrac User Guide AirTrac automatically prompts you to set your A. see “Rotating the A|B Line Around a Polygon” on page 99. 45 . when you press ENTER > POLY > PATTERN. Fly to the beginning of your A|B line and press the remote swath advance button to set your A point.

6. Turn the spray on as you enter the field.3: Pattern Guidance If you are flying a closed pattern. Press the remote swath advance button to set your C point. Make the turn onto your next swath using the light bar for guidance. Turn off the spray as you leave the field. “C” appears in the left display followed by your current swath number. the light bar next prompts you to set your C point. Press the remote swath advance button to advance to Swath #2. 7. 5. 8. 46 .

the more LEDs are lit. fewer LEDs are lit. the more you are off-track.AirTrac User Guide 9. 10. The bottom row of LEDs tells you the heading angle needed to intercept the target swath line. For heading angle. When the center vertical row of light bar LEDs is lit. the farther you are off from the required heading angle needed to intercept the target swath. the farther off-center the lit LED is. The default right display tells you the exact cross-track distance. The top row of LEDs show you the distance and direction (right or left) you need to fly to get to the target swath line. at any time while flying a pattern. The default left display tells you the current swath number. Each LED represents a certain distance. you are on the target swath. press the 47 . When you are closer to your target. Continue to fly the rest of your swaths using light bar guidance. from flying to the right of the A|B line to flying to the left of it (or vice versa). Fly Swath #2 using light bar guidance. For example. Common Pattern Flying Tasks Changing direction: To change direction. for cross-track distance (top row of LEDs).

press SET > DEC. To change it back to swath advance. The system transfers the swath guidance grid to the other side of the A|B line.3: Pattern Guidance LEFT RIGHT/3 button. return to the Prescription Map window in the Flow Control Setup screen by pressing INFO\0 > INFO\0 and selecting Prescription Map. In the Prescription Map screen press Clear current PMap to clear the current (active) prescription map. Advancing/decrementing swaths: To change your remote swath advance button to a swath decrement button. press CLEAR > SWATH\2. press SET > PATTERN\1 n > ENTER. Resetting the current pattern: To reset the current pattern. Your current spray data remains visible in the map window. press SET > ABC. Clearing the aircraft swath mark display: To clear the aircraft swath mark display in the map window. 48 . “Waiting A” appears on the light bar. Recalling a saved pattern: To recall a saved pattern. bring up the keypad and press CLEAR > PATTERN\1 > ENTER. Clearing or replacing a prescription map: To clear the active prescription map from the map display.

AirTrac User Guide To replace the current prescription map—that is. you may get a light bar warning. invalid or poor DGPS reception. Figure 3-1: The Prescription Map screen Troubleshooting When flying a pattern. or distance/time to polygons or waypoints. Warnings include spraying a previously sprayed swath (double-spray warning). make a different map the active one—select the prescription map below the Clear current PMap option and press ENTER. 49 .

Poor DOP (Dilution of Precision) Lower center yellow LED flashes. see your receiver owner’s manual. (By default this is turned on. Reboot and wait up to 5 minutes for a better solution. Check status lights on receiver.3: Pattern Guidance When the system generates a warning your active guidance display disappears from the light bar. Increasing or decreasing your mask angle may also improve DOP . but you can store as many as a hundred patterns—flown jobs—in a JOB. To change your mask angle. 50 . Reboot system and check for receiver and power status lights. This will flash until the swath number is changed. In this section we will introduce the ten patterns then look in detail at how you fly them.) Extrapolated GPS Center yellow LEDs blink. AirTrac comes with ten pattern types (of which some are open patterns and some are closed patterns). Double Spray Warning field. Refer to your receiver manual for more information on status indicators. You can turn this feature off in Setup > Setup > Light Bar. Table 3-1: Light bar Warnings Light bar Display Warning Message Swath Double Spray Upper LED row flashes when spray on is detected on a previously sprayed swath. Note: It is important to distinguish between a pattern type and a flown pattern (a flown job). Available Pattern Types AirTrac supports ten pattern types. providing the flexibility to fly the shape of any field. In its place you see flashing LEDs and/or additional error information in the left and right display screen.

Back-to-Back Skip (BKBKS) Fly the odd-numbered swaths first. AirTrac automatically rotates your A|B line for each field and provides guidance accordingly. Tell AirTrac the number of fields you want to fly (up to 9) and whether you want to full rotate (123. Back-to-Back (BK-BK) Fly consecutive swaths parallel to the A|B line. Multi Back-to-Back (MB2BK) Fly multiple Back-to-Back patterns. then the even numbered swaths. 321).AirTrac User Guide Introducing the Available Pattern Types The following section describes each of the ten available pattern types. 51 . 123) or half rotate (123.

then alternately work from Swath #2 to the middle. but swaths are incrementing in the opposite direction.3: Pattern Guidance Racetrack (RCTRK) Fly each side of a field. After you have set the A and B points. 52 . and so on. smooth turns. QuickTrack X (Quicktrac X) Fly a pattern similar to the Quick Racetrack. but set your C point in the middle of the field. Reverse Racetrack (RVTRK) Fly a pattern similar to the Racetrack. and from the middle toward the other end of the field. This pattern is useful for flying circular fields or other fields where the center line is clearly visible. fly the pattern like a Quick Racetrack: the second swath is in the middle of the field. In this pattern. You specify the 'C' point for Quicktrack X patterns by the number of swaths or the distance from A-B to the furthermost swath in the pattern. This pattern is useful for flying wide. the third is swath #2. you set your A|B line in the center of the field. Quick Racetrack (QKRTK) Fly a pattern similar to the Racetrack. This is called the “Reverse” Racetrack because you are flying in one direction.

AirTrac User Guide Squeeze (SQUEZ) Fly loops of decreasing size. and narrower turns as your load becomes lighter. This pattern is useful for fields with a visible center line or a long. from the outside of the field to the middle of the field. This pattern allows you to make wide turns at the beginning of a job when carrying a heavy load. irregular shape. Flying the Available Pattern Types In this section we reiterate the main points about each pattern and describe how to fly the pattern. Expand (EXPND) Fly successive swaths outward from the center of the field. 53 .

54 . Set your A|B line. and so on. Fly swaths consecutively: 1. 3. Multi back-to-back patterns Fly back-to-back patterns over a maximum of nine fields. Regular text indicates that the swaths are flown in the same order in both patterns. Note: In the two pattern examples following. 2.3: Pattern Guidance Back-to-back patterns Fly consecutive swaths parallel to the A|B line 1. 2. the bold and the italic text highlights the difference in the swath order between full rotate and half rotate patterns. Multi back-toback patterns can be full rotate or half rotate patterns.

Field 2-Swath 2. Field 2-Swath 2. To fly a multi back-to-back pattern: 1. AirTrac automatically rotates your A|B line for each field and provides guidance accordingly. 55 . Enter the number of fields you wish to fly at the menu prompt. Field 3-Swath 2. Field 1-Swath 2. Field 1-Swath 2. Select either full rotate or half rotate. Field 2-Swath 1. Field 3-Swath 1.AirTrac User Guide Back-to-back full rotate pattern: Field 1-Swath 1. 2. Field 2-Swath 1. Back-to-back half rotate pattern: Field 1-Swath 1. Field 3-Swath 2. Field 3-Swath 1.

Back-to-back skip patterns Fly the odd-numbered swaths first. 56 . 123. 4.3: Pattern Guidance • Full rotate means you will fly the first swath of each field and then fly the second swath of each field starting again at field 1 (for example. Follow the guidance prompts to complete flying your pattern. • 3. 321). 3. Fly your odd numbered swaths first. Set your A|B line. 123). Half rotate means you will fly the first swath of each field. Fly your even numbered swaths second. 2. 123. To fly a back-to-back skip pattern: 1. then the even numbered swaths in a back-to-back pattern. Set your A|B line for each consecutive field. and then fly the second swath of each field in the opposite direction beginning with field 3 (for example.

press ENTER.AirTrac User Guide 4. then alternately work from Swath #2 to the middle. 57 . 7. or “racetracks. you first fly each side of a field. smoother turns. 4. Set your A|B line. 6. 5. 2. In a Racetrack pattern. To fly a racetrack pattern: 1. Racetrack patterns Fly a series of loops. 8. 3. ” This results in wider. To switch from odd to even numbered swaths. and from the middle toward the other end of the field. 2. Fly swaths in the following order: 1.

B. not at the end. 3. However. Fly swaths in the following sequence: 1. In the quick racetrack pattern you fly a constant size loop after setting the A. To fly a quick racetrack pattern: 1. Set your A. Point C is the swath on or after the field center line. B. in a quick racetrack pattern you set your C point in the center of the field. 5. 2. 4. and C points.3: Pattern Guidance Quick racetrack patterns These are is similar to the racetrack pattern. 6. This is called a “quick” racetrack because you do not have to fly to the end of the field to press the C point. 2. 58 . 7. 8. and C points.

This pattern is recommended for circular fields or other fields where the center line is clearly visible. but the swaths are incrementing to the left. Point C is still on the edge of the field. in reverse racetrack. Unlike the racetrack pattern. we are flying to the right. They are called a “reverse” racetrack because you are flying one direction. 59 . In this example. but swaths are incrementing in the opposite direction. you set your A|B line in the middle of the field.AirTrac User Guide Reverse racetrack patterns These are also similar to the racetrack pattern.

QuickTrac X by Number of Swaths (X = 5 Swaths) 60 . . Set your A|B line. 2. you fly the pattern like a quick racetrack. spray the swaths in the following sequence: 1.3: Pattern Guidance To fly a reverse racetrack pattern: 1. 3. 5. 7. 4. 2. After the A|B points are set. 9. 6. For a 9-swath right reverse racetrack pattern. 8. You specify point C for the quicktrac X pattern by either the number of swaths or by the distance from the A|B line to the furthermost swath in the pattern. QuickTrac X patterns These are similar to the quick racetrack pattern.

8. 3. fly the swaths in the following order: 1. 2. 3. Note: To repeat the quicktrac X pattern after flying the initial defined number of swaths. Set your A. press the ABC button.AirTrac User Guide QuickTrac X by Distance: (where X = 500 Feet) To fly a quicktrac X pattern: 1. 2. 4. 7. 9. 2. B. 10. Enter a value and select either Distance or Total Swaths at the prompt. 4. 61 . 10. then 11-15 and so on. 5. Fly the rest of the pattern according to guidance cues: • If x = total swaths: For example. and C points. 8). 7. if x=5 (total swaths). 6. • If x = distance: For example. fly the swaths in the following order 1. if x = 500 feet (with Swath Width set at 50 feet). 3. The pattern repeats on swaths 6-10 (so 6. 9. 5.

Tip! The squeeze pattern is typically used when carrying a heavy load. In the squeeze pattern. In a squeeze pattern. from the outside of the field to the middle of the field.3: Pattern Guidance Squeeze (SQUEZ) patterns These consist of loops of decreasing size. 62 . you define the outside edges of your field (the largest loop) by your A|B|C points. you to make wide turns at the beginning of your spray job when your load is heavy then make narrower turns as your load becomes lighter.

6. 7. Expand patterns These begin with the A|B line in the center of the field. Set your A|B line. 3. Successive swaths increase outward. 2. 63 . Expand patterns are useful for fields with a visible center line or with a long. irregular shape. 4. 5. 2. spray the swaths in the following sequence: 1.AirTrac User Guide To fly a squeeze pattern: 1. For an 8-swath field. 8.

9. To create marks numbered 1-9: Press the MARK quick key in the map window and enter a mark number in the number pad. Understanding Marks (Return Points) Marks are points to which you want to return. 4. 64 . 6. Contour is disabled in the current version.that is. 5. one for marks numbered 1-9.3: Pattern Guidance To fly an expand pattern: 1. the other for marks numbered 10-99. 7. 2. For a 9-swath Expand Left pattern. Already used numbers are indicated. 8. When you mark a point by creating a mark. spray the swaths in the following sequence: 1. Set your A|B line. Contour patterns This is a future feature. but you can reuse them to reposition a mark . 2. To create marks numbered 10-99: Press KEYPAD > SAVE > MARK\4 nn > ENTER. 3. to overwrite its position to the new position. AirTrac saves your current swathing information: • • • • • • • • swath number A|B line JOB ID swath width pattern direction acreage spray information Creating/Numbering Marks There are two ways to create a mark.

for example Mark #1 is displayed as “M1” . press RETURN\7 > INFO\0. The light bar provides guidance back to the mark. To return to marks numbered 1-9: Press KEYPAD > RETURN\7 n. you do not have to cancel guidance to that wrong mark.AirTrac User Guide The mark number is displayed in the map window. You will get M0 and Mn (almost) together and Mn will stay while M0 will become the next spray off point. To return to the last sprayed mark. the light bar displays heading and distance to the mark. manually give it a mark number (n) immediately after turning spray off. this mark is overwritten each time the spray is turned off. (In this case RETURN\7 is doubling as the return key and the mark key). one for marks numbered 1-9. These data types include 65 . Press ENTER to cancel the guidance. Note: AirTrac automatically saves your last sprayed point (last spray off point) as a mark zero (M0). To return to marks numbered 10-99: Press KEYPAD > SET > MARK\4 nn > ENTER. press CLEAR > MARK\4 n > ENTER. Clearing a Mark To clear a mark permanently from AirTrac’s memory. Note: If you select the wrong mark to return to. Just use either return method described above for guidance to a different mark. If you want to keep a spray off point marked. However. While returning to a mark. Managing Data and Log Files AirTrac enables you to transfer many different types of data between your USB thumb drive and the M3 hard drive. the other for marks numbered 10-99. Returning to a Mark There are two ways to return to a mark.

dat files) and pilot settings (airtrac. A log file contains the spray information that comes from spraying a pattern and any additional information that you entered. Selecting the Logging Read/Write Device Each time you start up AirTrac. About Log Data Files and Job Data Files Log files and JOB files are independent of each other. Once on your PC you can. marks (marks. pilot’s name. not just. view data in MapStar. the log file that is created from spraying is not linked to that file. Note: Once the thumb drive is recognized and selected as the logging read\write device. you can remove it and reinstall it as required while AirTrac is running.ini files).3: Pattern Guidance logs. If you do not insert the USB thumb drive before start up. You can then select to have the M3 hard drive or the USB thumb drive as the logging read/write device (for all data files. waypoints (wypts. You can also transfer MapStar data back to AirTrac using the USB thumb drive. You can also transfer any data stored on the USB thumb drive to your personal computer (PC). and you can view any log at any time. the system does not recognize the drive. Although the JOB file is used as a boundary to spray in. This means opening one does not open the other. jobs. You can open any job at any time. for example.log files). If you want to view a log file and a job file. and the M3 hard drive is automatically set as the logging read/write device. you do not get the message. A JOB file contains polygons and patterns. for example to make sure 66 . aircraft’s ID. Note: If you select the M3 as the logging read/write device (see “Selecting the Logging Read/Write Device” following) you will need to transfer data from the hard drive to the USB thumb drive before transferring data to your PC. you will see the message “Select LOGGING Read/Write Device” . provided you have inserted your USB thumb drive.dat files). for example.

Press SETUP > SETUP > LOGGING SETUP . x2 Figure 3-2: The Logging Setup screen 2. how much you sprayed. if you missed anything. Viewing Log Data Viewing log data enables you to see a physical representation of where you sprayed. The Logging Setup screen appears. Select View Logs. you need to ensure that the log file is from the field that the job file represents. Button (when applicable) Step 1. The Select Log Files to View window appears. 67 .AirTrac User Guide that you have sprayed the full field.

The log file moves to the lower field (see log 1553 in Figure 3-2). 4. Press OK to return to the map window. 68 .3: Pattern Guidance Step Button (when applicable) Figure 3-3: The Select Files to View window 3. The log with the lowest number is displayed on the screen. press OK to return to the map window. Use the Center button in the Zoom window to cycle through the selected logs. Use the UP and DOWN buttons to highlight a log to view then press SELECT. When you have selected the files you want to view. Repeat the select process for other files you want to view.

Warning: Deleting (clearing) logs permanently erases them from AirTrac’s memory. The Log Clear options window appears. Button (when applicable) Step 1.AirTrac User Guide Clearing Log Data AirTrac can hold up to 1000 hours of log time—depending on the memory size of your USB thumb drive—before you need to make space by purging some or all of your log files. x2 Figure 3-4: The Logging Setup screen 2. 69 . The Logging Setup screen appears. You can clear all logs or specific logs. Select Clear Logs. Press SETUP > SETUP > LOGGING SETUP .

Or To clear selected logs a. b.3: Pattern Guidance Step Button (when applicable) Figure 3-5: The Log Clear options window. The confirmation screen appears. 3. 70 . Press DEC (Clear All Logs). To clear all logs a. The Select Logs to Delete window appears. Press YES to confirm the deletion (NO to cancel it). Press ABC (Select Logs to Clear).

Press OK to delete the selected logs and return to the map window.AirTrac User Guide Step Button (when applicable) Figure 3-6: The Select Logs to Delete window b. Repeat the select process for other files you want to delete. c. The log file moves to the lower field (see log 1553 in FIgure 3-5). 71 . Use the UP and DOWN buttons to highlight a log to delete then press SELECT.

The Logging Setup screen appears. The Transfer Logs/Files Setup screen appears. jobs. Press SETUP > SETUP > LOGGING SETUP . 72 . marks. logs.3: Pattern Guidance Transferring Data Files You can transfer data files—for example. Step Button (when applicable) 1. Select Transfer Logs/Files. waypoints. x2 Figure 3-7: The Logging Setup screen 2. pilot settings—between your USB thumb drive and the M3 hard drive.

See “Transferring Only Log Files” on page 74 73 .AirTrac User Guide Step Button (when applicable) Figure 3-8: The Transfer Logs/Files Setup screen 3. Note: You can also transfer log files from the M3 hard drive to the USB thumb drive from the Logging screen (KEYPAD > LOG). The system displays a message asking if you are transferring from the hard drive to the USB thumb drive or the USB thumb drive to the hard drive. Select the type of file you would like to transfer.

the system displays the Duplicate File Found screen asking you if you want to overwrite the duplicate(s Transferring Only Log Files AirTrac enables you to quickly transfer log files directly from the M3 hard drive to a USB thumb drive without you having to first navigate to the Transfer Logs/Files Setup screen and selecting Logs (as described in “Transferring Data Files” on page 72) Note: This procedure is only relevant if you are logging to the M3 hard drive. proceed with “Transferring Logs to Your Personal Computer (PC)” on page 76 74 .3: Pattern Guidance Step Button (when applicable) Note: The system checks for duplicate files on the destination drive. If you selected your USB thumb drive as your logging read/write device on startup (see “Selecting the Logging Read/Write Device” on page 66) you do not need to follow this procedure because logs will have already been written to your USB thumb drive. instead. You can. If it finds a duplicate file or files.

AirTrac User Guide Step Screen Item (when applicable) 1. When copying is complete. Figure 3-9: The Logging screen 2. The Logging screen appears. 3. The system copies the files from the M3 hard drive to the USB thumb drive. Press NO to keep the files on the M3 hard drive. 75 . Press Transfer Logs. Press YES to delete the files from the M3 hard drive. the system asks if you want to delete the transferred files from the hard drive. Press LOG on the keypad.

Insert the USB thumb drive into a USB drive on your personal computer. 76 .) Remove the USB thumb drive from the M3 controller. on startup. 1. 2. you will need to transfer the data from the hard drive to the USB thumb drive before you can transfer it to your PC. See step 1. transfer the logs to your USB thumb drive (see “Transferring Data Files” on page 72 or “Transferring Only Log Files” on page 74. 5. Open MapStar. you selected the M3 hard drive as the logging read/ write device. 4.3: Pattern Guidance Transferring Logs to Your Personal Computer (PC) Note: If. If necessary. 3. View log data in MapStar.

Chapter 4: Advanced Navigation Understanding Waypoints and Routes Saving and Recalling JOBs Understanding Polygons Understanding Patterns .

Jobs enable you to save pattern information (type/direction. through MapStar. created in MapStar and moved to AirTrac. swath width. missions and GIS files.4: Advanced Navigation A dvanced navigation features enable you to manage multiple jobs and pilots easily. A route is made up of individual waypoints. A and B points.even if there is only one waypoint. are a useful feature. You can then navigate to the waypoints or along routes. and field width) and multiple polygons. you can plan and program an entire spray job from start to finish. Missions. The GIS files can include new polygons or other graphics. you can add them during flight or beforehand by either manually entering coordinate values or using a mapping program. by flying the mission or by entering the coordinate values. especially for night flying. including the flight path and A|B line. Any existing job can be converted to a GIS file format for use in a third-party software package. You can pre-establish the mission. and JOBs using saved polygons and patterns. 78 . Examples of waypoints you might set are the beginning or end of your spray job. offset. the most popular GIS file formats for import and export. or a marker along a route at which you will stop or change course. AirTrac supports. The mission then provides guidance cues based on the pre-established path. Understanding Waypoints and Routes A waypoint is the GPS coordinate (latitude and longitude) of a significant location. Polygons enable you to set the polygon points of any field or spray area and save them. Like waypoints. Waypoints and routes enable you to add waypoints and routes during flight or beforehand by either manually entering coordinate values or by using a mapping program. Advanced navigation features in AirTrac include waypoints and routes. Using AirTrac with Mapstar. Each waypoint is automatically assigned to a route in AirTrac .

Setting waypoints while flying To set waypoints while flying. You can either set your waypoints while flying. “Waypoint n saved. Press SAVE > WPT\5 n > ENTER.0 feet) of the current waypoint). or by entering the coordinates into AirTrac. 1320. Managing Waypoints AirTrac enables you to number and name each waypoint you create and associate it with a particular route. 79 . Tasks you may need to perform for waypoints include: • • • • • setting a waypoint while flying setting a waypoint by entering GPS coordinates recalling a waypoint editing a waypoint deleting a waypoint. ” appears briefly in the in map window.AirTrac User Guide A radius value tells AirTrac to automatically provide guidance to the next waypoint when you are within the radius (for example.

Enter the waypoint name (optional).4: Advanced Navigation Setting waypoints by manual entry of GPS coordinates Instead of entering waypoints while flying. Enter the route and waypoint numbers in their respective fields. 80 . Button (when applicable) Step Touchscreen version 1. The Waypoints screen appears. You can assign the waypoints to a route at the same time. you can enter waypoint coordinates manually. Select SETUP > SETUP > SETUP > Waypoints. 3. (x3) Figure 4-1: The Waypoints screen 2.

” appears in the map window. Recalling a waypoint When you recall a waypoint you are automatically provided with guidance to it. press SET > WPT\5 n. press CLEAR > WPT\5 n > ENTER. In the Radius field. To delete a waypoint: Deleting a waypoint removes it from AirTrac’s memory.0 feet). To change the coordinate format (see “GPS coordinates” on page 19). “Guiding to Waypoint n. 1640. Note: Ensure that your coordinates are in the proper coordinate format before entering. Note: You only receive navigation to a waypoint during a non-swathing mode—there is no guidance to a waypoint if you are in flying a pattern. To recall a waypoint. Editing or deleting a waypoint To edit a waypoint: Press SETUP > SETUP > SETUP > Waypoints to open the waypoints screen then enter the required waypoint number the current waypoint information populates the fields where you can edit it. 81 . Enter the waypoint’s latitude and longitude in their respective fields. 5. The bearing and range show in the data window and the light bar. See “Setting up automatic guidance” on page 83. To delete a waypoint.AirTrac User Guide Step Button (when applicable) 4. enter the distance to the current waypoint you will reach before receiving guidance to the next one (for example.

Assigning a waypoint to a route A waypoint is automatically assigned to the current route when you set a waypoint while flying. use SET > WPT\5 n > ENTER. Each press cycles through the routes you have defined—the route number shows in the data window.4: Advanced Navigation Managing Routes A route is made up of a single waypoint of a series of waypoints. press ROUTE\8. that is. You cannot save a Route from the keypad: SAVE > ROUTE\8 does nothing. Note: If setting a single waypoint. A waypoint or waypoints are always associated with a route. To change the waypoint you want guidance to. If you want to set waypoints for a route other than Route 1. so you cannot enter a route number. you will see RT / WPT 03 /01 in the data window and you will be under guidance to waypoint 1 in route 2. associate each waypoint with the appropriate route. Tip! To change your currently selected route. When you recall a route all the waypoints on the route are also recalled. Recalling a route To recall a route. press SET > ROUTE\8 n > ENTER. AirTrac automatically provides guidance to waypoint 01 for that route. 82 . For example. If defining multiple routes. you cannot create a waypoint without creating a route—even if the route is to have only a single waypoint. You can then put in the waypoint data (number. use Route 1. The current route is shown in the upper left corner of the data window. create Route n in the Waypoints screen (SETUP > SETUP > SETUP > Waypoints). When you change routes like this. coordinates) or you can return to the map screen. if you select Route 02 (SET > ROUTE n > ENTER) you will see ROUTE 02 in the data window. note that your route number is showing in the data window. and set your route’s waypoints while flying. If you press ROUTE\8 again.

in the Radius field. To save a JOB: press SAVE > JOB\9 n-nnn > ENTER. A and B points. To set the radius press SETUP > SETUP > SETUP > Waypoints. and field width) and up to 99 polygons per job. AirTrac displays guidance to the next waypoint in your route. Understanding Polygons A polygon is the shape of a field (or other area. AirTrac sums 83 . Inclusion and exclusion polygons visually show you the borders of your spray/no spray areas in the map window. then. When you are within the designated radius (distance) from the target waypoint. swath width. To recall a JOB: press SET > JOB\9 n-nnn > ENTER. offset. Inclusion polygons: AirTrac saves any polygon with three or more points as an inclusion type polygon. Saving and Recalling JOBs You can save JOBs and recall them for reuse. ‘exclusion’ polygons (areas you do not spray) or ‘open’ polygons.AirTrac User Guide Setting up automatic guidance You can set automatic guidance along a route by setting a radius value. such as a forest plot) that you define. any JOB you fly in AirTrac is saved to “JOB 00. The radius you specify shows as a dotted circle around the waypoint you are receiving guidance to and when you arrive at the radius the message “Advancing to next waypoint in Route” appears briefly in the map window. By default. enter the distance from the current waypoint you wish to be before AirTrac switches to guidance to the next waypoint. ” or the active JOB. Inclusion polygons define spray areas and are shown with a green border on the screen. JOB 00 will be overwritten by the next job you fly unless you save it to a new job number between 1 and 999 (shown as n-nnn). JOBs can comprise patterns and polygons and the job functionality enables you save up to 99 patterns (type/direction. The bearing and range update in the data window and on the light bar. Polygons can be of the type ‘inclusion’ polygons (areas you do spray).

Three Ways You can set a polygon’s points: • • as you fly by entering the polygon’s GPS coordinates manually 84 . If there is an exclusion polygon (or part of one) within the inclusion polygon. You create them in MapStar then transfer them to AirTrac. If you are using automatic spray on/off (or off/on) functionality. See “Setting the light bar edge warning” on page 103. for example. AirTrac will turn spraying off as you enter the exclusion polygon. See “Managing A|B Lines with Polygons” on page 97.4: Advanced Navigation the areas of multiple inclusion polygons in a JOB and you can choose Total Polygon Area as an on-screen or light bar display. You can also set a warning based on time or distance to polygons. Exclusion polygons are shown on screen with a purple border. Setting Polygon Points . Multi-point open poly lines created in MapStar become open polygons in AirTrac. Using Polygons In addition to using polygons to define the shape of your spray no spray area(s) you can have AirTrac automatically apply an A|B line to your polygons. Open Polygons: Open polygons are in fact multi-point poly lines. so you know when to manually turn your spray on or off respectively. and back on as you leave it. to mark roads or other similar ground features. AirTrac will turn spray on as you enter an inclusion polygon and turn it off when you leave it. You can use your Distance/Time to Edge display options to warn you when you are approaching or leaving a polygon. Use them. Exclusion polygons: You make an inclusion polygon into an exclusion polygon by changing the polygon’s type (SETUP > SETUP > SETUP > Polygons). Exclusion polygon areas wholly or partially within an inclusion polygon subtract from the total polygon area (see “Calculating Total Polygon Area” on page 92).

(x2) 85 . progressively. The enclosed area is updated with each new point addition. a pentagon. a hexagon. along with a SAVE quick key and the EXIT button. At the virtual keypad (press KEYPAD). Setting polygon points as you fly When setting polygon points while flying. Button (when applicable) Step Touchscreen version 1. a heptagon and so on depending on the number of points you set.AirTrac User Guide • by importing a shape (GIS) file from MapStar (or other third-party mapping software). press POLY\6 twice. This is the procedure. As you add points AirTrac joins the last point to the start point so gives you. a quadrilateral. A . The map screen displays the message “Swath Advance button will work as POLY button until EXIT is pressed” . It also displays the enclosed area. AirTrac creates a triangle on screen by joining the third point to the first point (creates a triangle). on entry of the third point.(minus) and a + (plus) button also appear in the map window.

On completion of the polygon.4: Advanced Navigation Step Button (when applicable) Figure 4-2: The map screen for polygon setup 2. Enter polygon points as you fly. • 3. 86 . You can enter polygon points while flying by: • • using the remote swath advance button pressing the + button (the minus button removes the last polygon point you entered) pressing KEYPAD > ABC (which acts as the swath advance button during this operation). press SAVE then enter a polygon number using the number pad and press ENTER (To Accept) in the numberpad screen.

Exclusion polygons sides are purple on the map screen. set the polygon type to EXCLUSION and adjust the lat/lon of any polygon point. press KEYPAD > SAVE > JOB n > ENTER. Figure 4-3: Numbered/colored polygons on the map screen 87 .AirTrac User Guide Step Button (when applicable) 4. (See “Saving and Recalling JOBs” on page 83). the area of the exclusion polygon inside the inclusion polygon is subtracted from the total polygon area. See “Calculating Total Polygon Area” on page 92. navigate to the Polygons screen (SETUP > SETUP > SETUP > Polygons) where you can give your polygon a name (it defaults to the polygon’s number). To save the new polygon to a JOB (<No Job>* showing in the Flight Data Bar). If required. 5. (x3) Note: If an exclusion polygon is wholly or partially inside an inclusion polygon.

4: Advanced Navigation

Tip! To see the total cumulative area of your inclusion polygons, set your left or right large format display, or one of your field (fields 1-3) displays, to Total Polygon Area through SETUP > SETUP > SCREEN > DISPLAYS. The total polygon area is the sum of the inclusion polygon areas less the area of any exclusion polygons wholly or partially inside an inclusion polygon (see “Calculating Total Polygon Area” on page 92).

Entering GPS coordinates manually
To enter the GPS coordinates of the polygon manually:
Button (when applicable)

Step

Touchscreen version 1. At the virtual keypad (press KEYPAD), press SETUP three times then Polygons. The Polygons screen appears. (x3)

Figure 4-4: The Polygons (setup) screen

88

AirTrac User Guide

Step

Button (when applicable)

2.

Select the job and polygon number as required. The default job is the currently active JOB (the JOB loaded on the map screen). The default polygon number is 1. Give the polygon a name as required. The name (“CRW I” in the example) replaces the polygon’s number within the polygon in the map screen. The un-screen info Poly # n [Area] at the top left of the map screen, retains the polygon’s number (Poly # 1 in the example, see Figure 4-5).

3.

Figure 4-5: The map screen with a renamed polygon

89

4: Advanced Navigation

Step

Button (when applicable)

4.

Set the polygon type to INCLUSION, EXCLUSION, or OPEN. • Inclusion - the area of the polygon is included in the total polygon area calculation. Exclusion - the area of the polygon is excluded from the total polygon area calculation.

(See “Calculating Total Polygon Area” for more information on the effect of exclusion polygons on the total polygon area calculation.) • Open - this is an open-ended polygon. You can use an open polygon as a drawing tool to show objects such as roads (see the note about open polygons on.

5.

Set the latitude and longitude for each polygon point using the numeric keypad. Use the + button to create a new point (the field will show <NEW> initially). Thereafter the + and - buttons cycle through the polygon points in ascending and descending order respectively. The up and down arrows in the numeric keypad toggle between N and S for latitudes, E and W for longitude when the cursor is to the left of the N, S, E or W value.

90

4. Open the JOB file by pressing SET > JOB\9 n > ENTER. Press the GIS button Open the shape file Select File > Save As and save the file to the USB thumb drive. Tip! If using MapStar. Open MapStar. 3. Continue from step 5. a polygon can only have up to 250 points). or to break a shape file into separate jobs.job” extension (where n = Job number). 2. Insert the thumb drive into the personal computer that the shape or GIS file resides on. c.job extension. Insert the thumb drive back into AirTrac. When using MapStar. b. Save the shape (GIS) file to the USB. If using MapStar. For 91 . then a. 7. Your job file is now ready to open in AirTrac. 5. Remove the thumb drive from the personal computer. Remove the USB thumb drive from the back of the M3 controller. you can edit the GIS shape file to reduce the number of polygon points in a polygon (remember. the file is automatically saved with the. Make sure you save the shape file with a “n.AirTrac User Guide Importing Coordinates from a GIS File To import a shape (GIS) file (including using MapStar): Button (when applicable) Step 1. go to step 4. AirTrac opens the plot containing the shape file. 6.

from the total area of the inclusion polygons. 3 and 4 minus the three shaded areas of polygon 2. See your MapStar manual for help with editing shape files in MapStar. AirTrac subtracts: • the area of any external polygon wholly within an inclusion polygon the area of any part(s) of an exclusion polygon within an inclusion polygon (or polygons). In B. 3 and 4 are inclusion polygons. Figure 4-6: Total Polygon Area calculations In A. Polygons 1. 92 . the total polygon area is the sum of Area Polygons 1. Calculating Total Polygon Area Total polygon area is the sum of the areas of all the inclusion polygons in a JOB less the area of any part of an exclusion polygons within the inclusion polygon(s). • Figure 4-6 shows how AirTrac calculates the total polygon area. the total polygon area is Area Polygon 1 minus Area Polygon 2. polygon 2 is an exclusion polygon.4: Advanced Navigation example if contracting multiple pilots. In C. you may want to break a region into quadrants. In other words. the total polygon area is Area Polygon 1 minus the shaded area of polygon 2.

Button (when applicable) Step Touchscreen version 1. save and use polygons without making them components of a JOB. The number you give a polygon shows on screen within its boundary when you first save the polygon’s parent JOB (see Figure 4-3 below). then save the JOB using KEYPAD > SAVE > JOB n). You can create. (x2) 93 . use the SAVE quick key to save the polygon with the number you give it. When you have set all your polygon points. At the virtual keypad (press KEYPAD). See following two sections. (See Step 1 of “Setting polygon points as you fly” on page 85). 2. clear all JOBs (CLEAR > JOB > ENTER).AirTrac User Guide Note: Total Polygon Area is one of your many on-screen or light bar display options. Saving Polygons While setting up your polygons while flying. using the SAVE quick key. You save the polygon first. Press POLY\6 twice then use the swath advance buttons to define your polygon points. new polygons saved with that JOB display their number as they are saved. Saving/using a polygon without a JOB . Polygons are normally components of a JOB (as are flown patterns) so if you are creating polygons to save with a JOB ensure you save the JOB as well as the polygons.single session If you want to create and use a polygon but do not want to keep the polygon after you shut down follow this procedure. Once the JOB is saved. <No Job>* shows in the Flight Data Bar. there is a SAVE quick key on the screen.

do not use the SAVE quick key. without saving the polygon to a JOB.4: Advanced Navigation Step Button (when applicable) 3. your temporarily saved/used polygon is cleared from the database. Instead. in fact. Saving/using a polygon without a JOB . B (and C if necessary) points and and fly your swath guidance lines in pattern order. This allows you to keep the polygon on screen but without a number (think of it as a temporary save). 4. When you have finished defining your polygon. When you shut down. press KEYPAD > SAVE > POLY > EXIT (so do not enter a poly number). AirTrac saves the polygon as a 94 . Set your A. AirTrac returns you to the map screen with the polygon still there and with the SET A button available. The polygon swath setup buttons are no longer on screen. Note: You cannot use the Enter Poly Pattern feature with these temporarily saved polygons. Note: In this procedure the polygon is. being saved to a JOB but it is not you doing the saving. follow this procedure.multiple sessions If you want to create and use a polygon and want to keep the polygon after you shut down.

AirTrac returns you to the map screen with the polygon still there with the SET A button available and the polygon setup swath buttons cleared from the screen. See “Managing A|B Lines with Polygons” on page 97. B and C if necessary) and fly your swath guidance lines in order. <No Job>* shows in the Flight Data Bar. Set your pattern points (A. Do not save the JOB. (See Step 1 of “Setting polygon points as you fly” on page 85). press SAVE > POLY n > ENTER. When you shut down. When you have finished defining your polygon. Note: You can use the ENTER POLY PATTERN feature with polygons saved like this. It will remain a component of JOB 00 until you overwrite JOB 00. Step Button (when applicable) Touchscreen version 1. 2. AirTrac automatically saves your polygon to JOB 000 and when you restart AirTrac. 4.AirTrac User Guide component of JOB 00 (000). 95 . JOB 000 is on screen with your polygon (ZOOM > CENTER if necessary). Press POLY\6 twice then use the swath advance buttons to define your polygon points. clear all JOBs (CLEAR > JOB > ENTER). The polygon will remain a component of JOB 000 until you save JOB 000 with new components. At the virtual keypad (press KEYPAD). (x2) 3.

4: Advanced Navigation Displaying Time and Distance to Polygons Time to Edge and Edge Distance are display options for the map screen and light bar. you must go into guidance mode first. load the JOB the polygon is saved in then press SET > POLY\6 n. The values show when a polygon side is in your flight path. To delete a polygon: press CLEAR > POLY n > ENTER and confirm the deletion (press YES).) To cancel guidance to the polygon press KEYPAD > ENTER. Note: Recalling a job will recall all the polygons in the job. The light bar and the data window will show bearing and range (BRG and RNG in the data window. Warning: Because you can use the same polygon numbers in multiple JOBs. make sure you are deleting a polygon from the right JOB. If you keep flying as you cross the polygon’s edge. Navigating to a Polygon To receive guidance to a polygon. the display changes to the time and distance to the next side in your flight path.select the JOB and polygon number as required and edit the polygon data as required. To get Time to Edge and Edge Distance to show in the light bar. Editing or Deleting a Polygon To edit a polygon: press SETUP > SETUP > SETUP > Polygons. Press SET > POLY\6 n > ENTER to get the bearing and range showing then cancel the guidance mode (KEYPAD > ENTER). AirTrac displays a dotted line to the center of the polygon and the light bar provides guidance to the center of the polygon. The Job and Polygon fields in the Polygons screen default to the current JOB and polygon 1 in the at JOB . and are inside the polygon. The map screen will show the message “Return to Mark cancelled” . 96 . The number you enter is the number of the polygon in the current job.

however. you can move the auto-applied A|B line sequentially around the polygons sides. If required. And it provides an array of guidance lines. AirTrac returns you to the map window and applies an A|B line on the side of the lowest numbered polygon that will result in the least number of swaths. This is the procedure: Button (when applicable) Step 1. AirTrac also provides a poly pattern window in place of the data window. change the polygon side that the swath array is based upon (see “Rotating the A|B Line Around a Polygon” on page 99). you can have AirTrac apply an A|B line to one side of the polygon. Load a JOB that has a polygon or polygons saved with it. 2. SET > JOb\9 n. Auto-applying A|B Lines to a Polygon When AirTrac automatically applies an A|B line to a polygon side it also automatically provides a swath guidance array from that A|B line. you need to first load a job that has a polygon or polygons saved with it. To use this feature. 97 . AirTrac applies the A|B line to the JOB’s lowest numbered polygon (you can change that) and the side of that polygon that results in the least number of swaths to cover the polygon area. generally referred to as ‘Enter Poly Pat’. This eliminates the need for you to manually create (fly) an A|B line. 3.AirTrac User Guide Managing A|B Lines with Polygons When you have created a polygon and saved it with a job. If necessary select the pattern type you want to fly (see “Entering Basic JOB Details (QuickStart)” on page 27 for the pattern setup procedure). Press ENTER > POLY\6 > PATTERN\1. You can. By default.

5 Ac) Press the Rotate button to move the A|B line counter-clockwise to the next longest side of the polygon (see “Rotating the A|B Line Around a Polygon” below.4: Advanced Navigation Step Button (when applicable) Figure 4-7: The Poly Pattern window and display 4. 6. The A|B line and guidance array shift to the next polygon and the on-screen polygon data updates (for example to Poly # 2 1. Press the Change Poly button to apply the A|B line to a different polygon if your JOB has multiple polygons. 5.) Press the Left/Right button to switch the guidance array to the left or right of the A|B line. 98 .

4. AirTrac applies the A|B line in the order longest side to shortest side. Rotating the A|B Line Around a Polygon After AirTrac has applied the A|B line you can rotate it round the polygon to suit the prevailing conditions. Figure 4-8: Rotating the A|B Line around your polygon Figure 4-8 shows the counter-clockwise order in which AirTrac applies the A|B line to the polygon sides using the Long(est) to Short(est) rule. The A and B points reverse so that the guidance array stays on the correct side of the A|B line. in our example. AIrTrac has initially applied the A|B line to side 1—the side that results in the least number of swaths. Each time you press the Rotate button. that is in the order side 5. 3.AirTrac User Guide Step Button (when applicable) 7. 6. Press the A ' B button to switch to the opposite side of the polygon. 2 99 .

2–6 are the polygon sides by decreasing length. Recalling a Saved Pattern: To recall a saved pattern. press SAVE > PATTERN\1 > n > ENTER.4: Advanced Navigation (Only one guidance line is shown after the A|B line to indicate that the guidance array is to the left of the A|B line) 1 is the side that will require the least number of swaths to complete the spraying (it is also the longest side in the example but it may not be). You can to store up to 99 patterns per job with AirTrac. Each press of the Rotate button rotates the A|B line counter-clockwise to the polygon side in the order shown. press SET > PATTERN\1 n > ENTER. 100 . Saving Patterns: To save a pattern to a polygon. Understanding Patterns A pattern in AirTrac refers to the spray pattern you use to spray your field. See “Flying Patterns” on page 45 for an overview of AirTrac pattern types.

Chapter 5: Advanced Setup and Customizations Advanced Setup Options Understanding the Light Bar The Screen Displays Screen Logging Defaults Flow Control Differential GPS Customized Settings .

job data logging and flow control. pattern and weather details as well as some GPS data. polygon. This chapter discusses advanced setup features and customizations that you can make to such things as the light bar. The chapter ends with information on saving your customizations. Press SETUP three times to access the Advanced Setup screen. Figure 5-1: The Advanced Setup screen and sub-screens 100 . the display screen. Advanced Setup Options In the Advanced Setup screen you can enter waypoint. You can also clear all user-created data such as logs.5: Advanced Setup and Customizations W ith AirTrac you can customize the default factory settings. marks and JOBs.

0 ft. The offset is always relative to these directions.hemispheregps. waypoints or JOBs. if e-Dif is fitted. and exiting at the B point. Pressing Start e-Dif sends the command “$JRAD. a command. for example: Units = US. The mask value is an angle setting inside of the GPS receiver. see the Hemisphere GPS Technical Reference available through the Support menu on the Hemisphere GPS website: http://www. marks. right is always to the east of the line. start (activate) e-Dif. GPS SETUP: Enter a mask value. Polygons: See “Understanding Polygons” on page 83.AirTrac User Guide Waypoints: See “Understanding Waypoints and Routes” on page 78. always relative to coming into the field at the A point. or all data. You can also revert to all factory settings by pressing Factory Default Settings (and then YES). 101 . no matter from which direction you are flying into the field. Setting it at 5 degrees. Pattern = BACK-TOBACK. and. Clear Data: Clear just logs. For comprehensive coverage of commands. See also Chapter 3 “Pattern Guidance” on page 43. The command field enables you to send a $ command to the receiver. which will have their signals bounce off of the atmosphere and cause degraded GPS data. means that the receiver will ignore any GPS satellites that it sees at 5 degrees or below on the horizon. humidity.3” to the receiver which activates an e-Dif solution. This helps the system block out satellites that are too far out. A is always south in this scenario. If the system is using e-Dif. and bar pressure.com. Swath Width = 65. wind speed and direction. for example. Start e-Dif enables you to take a manual fix. The offset lets you set a distance to the left or right of the A-B line. B is always north and left is always to the west of the line. Patterns: Set an offset value and direction (left or right) then apply it to the current pattern. Weather: Enter values for temperature.

Basic To complete basic setup press SETUP > SETUP > LIGHT BAR. The Light Bar Setup screen appears.5: Advanced Setup and Customizations Understanding the Light Bar Light bar setup options include: • • setting the left and right light bar displays desensitizing the light bar LEDs when navigating to a mark or waypoint turning the swath Double-Spray Warning off/on (the default is on) setting the upper and lower LEDs to: • • display as a solid bar of lights or use the outermost LED only that represents your current crosstrack distance or heading angle • • • • changing the LED cross-track distance and heading angle values setting a guidance delay . Setting Up the Light Bar . Figure 5-2: The Light Bar Setup screen 102 .the delay in milliseconds between the time the light bar shows a guidance cue and when you need to react Light bar setup comprises basic settings and advanced settings.

select an option to: • • turn the warning off turn the light bar warning on for either the light bar or the display screen. Setting a double-spray warning option In the Double-Spray Warning field.the Numeric-Entry screen appears.AirTrac User Guide Setting the left and right displays In the Left Display and Right Display fields. In the Light Bar Setup screen (SETUP > SETUP > LIGHT BAR) press Edge Warning. or turn the light bar warning on for both the light bar and the display screen. see “Appendix B: Light Bar and Screen Display Options” on page 122. Enter a new value. Setting the light bar edge warning The Edge Warning feature in AirTrac enables you to receive a visual warning when you get within a certain distance or time of a polygon. The warning is the flashing light bar. 103 . The Edge Warning Setup screen appears. • Setting the cross-track sensitivity In the LED Cross-Track Sensitivity field. press a number to change the cross-track distance of an individual LED . For a list of display options for the left and right displays on the light bar. The start trigger determines when the light bar will start flashing and the end trigger determines when the flashing will stop. To reset the cross-track distance settings to the factory defaults press Default. select the required option from their respective drop-down list.

5: Advanced Setup and Customizations

Figure 5-3: The Edge Warning Setup screen

Set the edge warning type to Time or Distance then set the start trigger and end trigger values. The start trigger value must be a greater distance or a greater number of seconds than the end trigger value. The start of the flashing, then, lets you know you are getting close, the end of the flashing lets you know you are at the point where you need to take action, for example, set an A/B line or turn on spray.

Setting Up the Light Bar - Advanced
Select SETUP in the Light Bar Setup screen. The Light Bar Advanced Setup screen appears.

Figure 5-4: The Light Bar Advanced Setup screen

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AirTrac User Guide

Setting the upper and lower LEDs display
You can set the upper and lower LEDs display as a solid bar or a single

LED.
Press Upper Bar Solid to toggle between Yes and No (the default is Yes). Repeat for the Lower Bar Solid (the default is No).

Desensitizing the LEDs
Desensitizing the LEDs relates to when you are navigating to a mark or waypoint. Press Non-Swath Desensitize to toggle between Off and On. If you turn this on, you will need to set a desensitize factor. Setting the Non-Swath Desensitize field allows you to navigate to/from a mark or waypoint with less sensitive LED distance warnings. The distance each light bar LED represents is multiplied by the value you enter in this field. For example, if the first LED is set to 3.0 feet and you enter a “20” in the Non-Swath Desensitize field, the first LED will not light up until you are within 60 feet of a swath. Note: As soon as you press ABC ADV (or the remote Swath Advance button) to enter the “A” point of a pattern, the LED-desensitizer is deactivated.

Understanding Guidance Delay
Guidance delay or ‘forward prediction’ in AirTrac is the delay in seconds between when the light bar displays a guidance prompt and when you need to react. For example, if you set this value to “500, ” the light bar will prompt you 500 msec before you need to do so.

To Set a Guidance Delay:
Select SETUP > SETUP > NAV SYSTEM. The Nav System Setup screen appears.

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5: Advanced Setup and Customizations

.
Figure 5-5: The Nav System Setup screen

Set the guidance delay value you want in the Forward Prediction field. Note: The default 500 msec guidance delay is geared towards the average airspeed.

The Screen Displays Screen
The Screen Displays screen setup options include: • Setting the mode (Normal [daytime] colors or Dark [nighttime] colors). Setting the left and right display options (these correspond to the Large Format Display Area on the display screen). Setting the display screen orientation (course up, north up, or A=B line up). Setting the display screen motion (background or aircraft stationary). Setting the display language. Setting the zoom and pan options (advanced setup).

• •

106

Setting the display screen options Press the Displays button on the Screen Setup screen. select Normal or Dark for daytime or nighttime screen colors respectively. 107 . Tip! You can also switch between the daytime and nighttime colors by pressing SET > SET. The Screen Displays screen appears. Your selections here determine what is displayed in the AirTrac screen. Figure 5-6: The Screen Setup screen Setting the mode In the Mode field. The Screen Setup screen appears.AirTrac User Guide Setting Up the Display Screen Press SETUP > SETUP > SCREEN.

select the fields you would like to display from their respective drop-down lists. Your selections here appear in the data window. 108 . Changing the zoom/pan options To change the zoom and pan options. select the required display option from their respective drop-down lists. north up. press SETUP > SETUP > SCREEN > SETUP .5: Advanced Setup and Customizations Figure 5-7: The Screen Displays screen In the Left Display and Right Display fields. For a list of display options see “Appendix B: Light Bar and Screen Display Options” on page 122. Setting the screen motion In the Screen Motion field. Setting the screen orientation In the Screen Orientation field. or A|B line up from the drop-down list. For Field 1 to Field 3. select background stationary or aircraft stationary from the drop-down menu. The Screen Advanced Setup screen appears. Your selections here appear in the Large Format Display at the top of the map window. select course up.

3. If you enter this percentage as “0.25 feet on each side of the spray boom. you will need to set the Scale Ratio value. Visual Overlap field: enter the spray overlap percentage you want to view in the map window. the spray overlap visually represents the distance beyond the spray boom that spray is applied. For example. ” the map window will only show spray applied as the length of the boom. a 65-foot spray width with a spray overlap of 10% will display a 6.AirTrac User Guide Figure 5-8: The Screen Advanced Setup screen Zoom Level field: enter the percentage each zoom in/out moves the display. Scale field: press the Scale button to change the scale from Auto to Preset. window. Note: Visual overlap applies to the display in the map window only. Pan Level field: enter the percentage the screen moves in the direction of the arrow you press. In the map window. If you select Preset. 109 . It does not apply to guidance or logged data. Show Lat/Lon field: press the Show Lat/Lon button to toggle between Yes and No.5-foot total spray overlap . The Scale field controls the default scale of the screen.

logging is set at the factory to begin logging once you are flying at or above 45 m. Logging Defaults As described in “Understanding Job and Log Data” on page 29.p. such as spray data. The Logging Setup screen appears. Logging Interval and Logging Speed fields: enter a different logging interval and speed respectively. You can change the defaults. To change logging defaults press SETUP > SETUP > LOGGING SETUP . logging is a valuable way to track information for each job.logs are automatically time/ date stamped with the file name). time and location. Pilot and Aircraft fields: enter the pilot’s and the aircraft’s name respectively (optional).h. pattern details.4 km/h) and to log spray distance and area every 2 seconds. By default. 110 . (72.5: Advanced Setup and Customizations Factory Defaults button: press this button to restore the advanced setup settings to the factory defaults. Figure 5-9: The Logging Setup screen Name field: enter the job name (optional .

• • • Hemisphere GPS AerialACE User Guide. 875-0193-000 These user guides are available from the Hemisphere GPS Air Products Download Center at the Hemisphere GPS website at http:// www. if you do want to switch receiver applications. Flow Control AirTrac supports several flow control options. If installed. You can also transfer logs and files. view logs and clear (delete) logs from the Logging Setup screen. You may want to switch SBAS receiver applications if you lose satellite reception. and “Transferring Data Files” on page 72. Part No. see the following user guides. 875-0180-000 Hemisphere GPS IntelliGate User Guide. flow data is collected and displayed through the AirTrac interface. refer to your receiver user guide. Part No. For detailed information on flow control options.com Differential GPS The SBAS Receiver Applications Satloc receivers come with two receiver applications.hemispheregps. “Clearing Log Data” on page 69. Part No. 875-0135-002 Hemisphere GPS IntelliFlow User Guide. As you cannot switch receiver application via the AirTrac software.AirTrac User Guide New Log Per Job: Toggle between Yes and No to have AirTrac start a new log each time a JOB is reloaded. 111 . See “Viewing Log Data” on page 67. The AirTrac software will automatically detect the active signal from your receiver.

7. you must first run the Force Baud program included in the initial installation.5: Advanced Setup and Customizations Using e-Dif with AirTrac To use e-Dif with AirTrac. 6. 112 . 5. 8. Turn on the M3 system. A DOS screen with nine start-up options appears: Microsoft Windows 98 Startup Menu 1. 1. e-Dif will take approximately 8 minutes to track satellite positions. 2. follow these steps. Windows 98. Run Run Run Run Run Run Run Run Run M3 AIR from PCMCIA DOS. To access the Force Baud program. No further action is necessary. 4. Windows 98 AirTrac Windows 98 AirTrac Windows 98 AirTrac Windows 98 AirTrac M3 AIR from USB DOS with USB card Keypad Touch Screen Touch Screen eDif KeyPad eDif Select either 6 or 7 to run e-Dif with the touchscreen or keypad version of AirTrac respectively. 9. 3. 2. The FORCEBAUD screen appears. AirTrac will automatically start when e-Dif is active.

You then can begin using the second system immediately without having to change the setup. Tip: To copy the customized settings from the USB thumb drive to the hard drive. select SETUP > SETUP > SCREEN. Finally. as described above.ini file on the hard drive. you can store different settings on different USB thumb drives and swap the thumb drives depending on the job and settings you want to access • Note: If AirTrac does not find a . Because the changes can be saved to the USB thumb drive. When you customize settings.ini file.ini file exists (as is the case with a new installation). 113 . The user settings are stored in the . the changes are saved to either the USB thumb drive or the M3 hard drive.ini file found on the hard drive (C: drive) to the USB. the settings are defaulted.ini file on the USB thumb drive (D: drive). if there is no USB detected in the M3. AirTrac will use the . please ignore any on-screen references to the card. and press the Factory Defaults button. If you have a converted M3 with a USB (only) port or a purpose-built M3 with a USB (only) port. you have the following benefits: • you can change settings on one system and transfer the new settings into another M3 system. the latest AirTrac software allows for both a USB thumb drive and a PCMCIA card. if neither . Also.AirTrac User Guide Customized Settings Note: Unlike the M3 controller. press SAVE > SETUP . To restore default factory settings. depending on the logging read/write device you selected at startup (see “Selecting the Logging Read/Write Device” on page 66). it will copy the .

5: Advanced Setup and Customizations 114 .

Chapter 6: Troubleshooting .

Once a prescription map is on the screen. I can’t seem to delete them. You can save new marks over the ones that are already there. Marks are saved in the MARKS.DAT file if you want to get rid of all of them. my old marks are still grayed out. delete the . Pressing ROUTE\8 cycles through existing routes (guidance is activated to the one selected). See “Understanding Polygons” on page 83 How do Waypoints work in AirTrac? How do you set them up? Waypoints are grouped into “Routes” . Pressing WPT\5 cycles through the waypoints in the current route.ini file) so there are no marks or other settings on my M3? To restore default settings. See “Understanding Waypoints and Routes” on page 78 How can you spray multiple prescription maps? Currently.6: Troubleshooting T he following answers to frequently asked questions may help you to troubleshoot your system if the need arises. You can edit waypoints in the Waypoints screen (SETUP > SETUP > Waypoints). When you get within a preset radius of the target waypoint. giving guidance to each as it is selected. only one prescription map is active at a time.DAT file on the memory card. How can I reset my settings (.ini file work? Every time I mark the field. Frequently Asked Questions How does the . Use the SAVE quick key on screen to save the polygon in the active job. or delete the MARKS.ini file on the memory card. AirTrac scans this file to determine which marks have been saved. How do polygons work in AirTrac? How do you set them up? You can create polygon points by using the swath advance button(s) or the plus and minus buttons on screen after pressing POLY\6 twice. how can I take it off without cycling power? 118 . guidance switches to the next waypoint in the route.

You will see the option to clear the current prescription map. Press INFO\0 > INFO\0 to access the Flow Control Setup and select Prescription Map. 119 . return to the Prescription Map screen in the Flow Control Setup screen.AirTrac User Guide To delete an active prescription map.

6: Troubleshooting 120 .

Appendix A: The AirTrac Screen Map 121 .

Appendix B: Light Bar and Screen Display Options .

the left and right ‘large format’ displays in the map window and fields 1 to 3 in the data window .T he tables below list the display options you have for the light bar. The left and right display fields on the Light Bar Setup screen. Table 1: Light Bar\Screen Display Options .see screen representations below. 123 .As Listed (By Type) As Listed (By Type) Cross Track Distance Current Swath Number Swath Width Speed Pattern Type & Direction Heading Field Area Total Area Edge Distance Time To Edge Distance To AB Distance To A Distance To B Distance To Spray-on Volume Sprayed Volume Remaining Amount Per Swath Amount Per Minute Flow Rate Desired Flow Rate Valve\Encoder Position Time Elevation Difference Altimeter Polygon Entry # Total Polygon Area Polygon In/Out Polygon ID The left and right display fields and fields 1-3 on the Screen Displays screen.

AirTrac User Guide Table 1: Light Bar\Screen Display Options .As Listed (By Type) As Listed (By Type) Job ID Spray Time Swath Heading Log Time Remaining Log Name Wind Speed/Dir Temperature Barometric Pressure Humidity DOP/DF SV/DF Swath #/DF Arrival Time Route/Waypoint WPT Range MARK Range Bearing Altitude Blank 124 .

Table 2: Light Bar\Screen Display Options .Alphabetical Alphabetical Altimeter Altitude Amount Per Minute Amount Per Swath Arrival Time Barometric Pressure Bearing Blank Cross Track Distance Current Swath Number Desired Flow Rate Distance To A Distance To AB Distance To B Distance To Spray-on DOP/DF Edge Distance Elevation Difference Field Area Flow Rate Heading Humidity Job ID Log Name Log Time Remaining MARK Range Pattern Type & Direction Polygon Entry # Polygon ID 125 .

Alphabetical Alphabetical Polygon In/Out Route/Waypoint Speed Spray Time SV/DF Swath #/DF Swath Heading Swath Width Temperature Time Time To Edge Total Area Total Polygon Area Valve\Encoder Position Volume Remaining Volume Sprayed Wind Speed/Dir WPT Range 126 .AirTrac User Guide Table 2: Light Bar\Screen Display Options .

127 .

Index
A A|B line auto-applied, rotating round a polygon 97 auto-applying to a polygon 95 display screen orientation 106 flying left or right of 8, 45 lightbar prompts 43 missions 76 patterns, back-to-back 49, 52 patterns, expand 61 patterns, multi back-to-back 53, 54 patterns, quicktrack 50, 58 patterns, reverse racetrack 50, 57 patterns, squeeze 60 understanding 42 autoboom, see boom AutoCal and dry flow control 33 monitor only flow control 30 B boom boom on and pump delay 39 other settings 35 quick key toggling 35 shutoff settings 34 test, performing 35 D data files, managing 63 files, transferring 70 job data files and log files 64 log, clearing (deleting) 67 viewing log data 65 data window 5 DGPS Hemisphere’s receiver advantage 2 use by AirTrac 3 display 106 changing the zoom/pan options 108 clearing 46 keypad 6 nighttime screen color 17 options, light bar and screen 121 screen, annotated 4 setting the orientation 108 touchscreen 5 E edge, time and distance to, with polygons 94

126

F files data and log, managing 63 data, transferring 70 log data and job data, the difference 64 log only, transferring 72 log, transferring to PC 74 flow control auto-detection by AirTrac 22 basic, setting spray options 30 flow lead time 37 parameters 38 setting options 29 variable rate 30 volume 32 Flow Control Setup window 28, 30 flow lead time, changing 37 flow mode 32 G GIS files importing 89 Shape 89 I ini file and marks 116 not found 113

resetting 116 user settings, storing 113 L last sprayed point 62 lead time edge lead time, on off 37 flow, changing 37 light bar desensitizing LEDs 105 edge warning, setting edge warning, setting for light bar 103 LED, setting, upper and lower 105 left and right displays 103 setting the cross-track sensitivity 103 setup, advanced 104 setup, basic 102 warnings 48 log clearing (deleting) log data 67 files, managing 63 files, transferring only log files 72 files, transferring to PC 74 log data files and job data files 64 viewing log data 65 logging setting read/write device 64 setup options 110

127

M M0 (zero), last sprayed point, keeping 62 map window 4 map, of screens 119 MapStar 74 mark clearing 63 overwriting and deleting 116 returning to 62 menu keypad 6 using 5 N non-swath desense 105 P patterns A|B line 42 back-to-back (BK-BK) 49 Back-to-Back Skip (BKBKS) 49 changing direction 45 closed 42 Expand (EXPND) 51 flying 43 Multi Back-to-Back (MB2BK) 49 open 42 Quick Racetrack (QKRTK) 50

Quicktrack X (Quicktrac X) 50 Racetrack (RCTRK) 50 resetting 46 Reverse Racetrack (RVRTK) 50 selecting 26, 28 Squeeze (SQUEZ) 51 PCMCIA 74, 89 PCMCIA, references to 113 polygons editing or deleting 94 navigating to 94 saving w/o a JOB - multiple sessions 92 saving w/o a JOB - single session 91 saving, general 91 setting points while flying 83 time and distance to edge 94 total area, calculating 90 working in AirTrac 116 prescription map 30, 46, 117 R radius values for waypoint guidance 77, 81 viewing on screen 81 waypoints, setting 81 read/write, selecting device 64 route automatic guidance to waypoints waypoint

128

automatic guidance to 81 changing currently selected 80 defined 76 defining 80 managing 80 recalling 80 S Screen Setup window 107 screens. map of 119 settings. advancing/decrementing 46 T time . setting 30 swaths. calculating transferring data files 70 log files (only) 72 log files to PC 74 triggers. boom 34 shutting down before powering down 24 protecting data 24 spray options flow mode and target rate 32 volume 32 spray options.presets and individual assignment 18 USB and the .ini file 113 copying from to the hard drive 113 setting as logging read/write device 64 using different thumb drives 113 W waypoint 76. start and end settings 103 U units. 116 assigning to a route 80 editing or deleting 79 recalling 79 setting 77 setting coordinates 78 setting while flying 77 129 .setting local 18 Total Polygon Area. customized. saving 113 Setup window 24 shape file 89 shutoff settings. global . See polygons: total area.

End User License Agreement .

LICENSE. As well. in any manner whatsoever: a. solely in binary executable form. AND (II) IF YOU ARE INSTALLING AN UPDATE TO THE SOFTWARE. (I) DO NOT INSTALL OR USE THE SOFTWARE. modify or create derivative works based on the Software. c. ("Hemisphere") which permits Licensee to use the Hemisphere software (the "Software") that accompanies this Agreement. This Software may be licensed on a standalone basis or may be embedded in a Product. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THESE TERMS. d. THOSE WHO USE THE EMBEDDED SOFTWARE DO SO AT THEIR OWN RISK. Hemisphere hereby grants to Licensee a non-transferable and nonexclusive license to use the Software as embedded in a Product and all Updates (collectively the "Software"). the use of a Product shall be deemed to be use of the Software which is embedded in the Product. BY INSTALLING OR USING THE SOFTWARE UPDATE OR THE PRODUCT. HEMISPHERE PROVIDES LIMITED WARRANTIES IN RELATION TO THE SOFTWARE. Licensee agrees that Licensee and its employees will not directly or indirectly. RESTRICTIONS ON USE. use or install the Software in connection with any product other than the Product the Software was intended to be used or installed on as set out in the documentation that accompanies the Software. In this agreement any product that has Software embedded in it at the time of sale to the Licensee shall be referred to as a "Product". copy any of the Software or any written materials for any purpose except as part of Licensee's normal backup processes. in this Agreement. LICENSEE THEREBY AGREES TO BE LEGALLY BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT. AS WELL. b. 2. YOU SHOULD UNDERSTAND THE IMPORTANCE OF THESE AND OTHER LIMITATIONS SET OUT IN THIS AGREEMENT BEFORE INSTALLING OR USING THE SOFTWARE OR THE PRODUCT. DO NOT INSTALL THE UPDATE AND PROMPTLY DESTROY IT. 1. install or use more copies of the Software than the number of copies that have been licensed. the end purchaser ("Licensee") and Hemisphere GPS Inc.This is an agreement (the "Agreement") between you.HEMISPHERE GPS END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT IMPORTANT . Please read and ensure that you understand this Agreement before installing or using the Software Update or using a Product. 131 .

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