This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Consequent to the reform in power sector in Odisha, Odisha Hydro Power Corporation Ltd. (OHPC) was incorporated in 21 st April 1995 under the companies Act 1956. Its objective are:
To carry on the business of purchasing, selling, importing, exporting, producing, trading, manufacturing or otherwise dealing in hydro electric power, thermal and nuclear electric power based on any non-conventional sources of energy. To acquire, establish,operate, maintain, renovate, modernize in the State of Orissa and else while hydro electric generating stations, thermal and nuclear electric generating stations and any other electric generating stations based on any nonconventional sources of energy. To study, investigate, collect information and data, review operations, plan, research, design, prepare feasibility reports, prepare project reports, diagnose operational difficulties and weaknesses and advise on the remedial measures to improve and modernize existing stations and facilitate and to undertake for and on behalf of others the setting up of hydro electric power plants, thermal and nuclear electric power plants and any other power plants based on any non-conventional source of energy. The objectives incidental or ancillary to the attainment of the main objects are to acquire business / companies for carrying on business of electric power, to acquire know-how, to carry on consultancy services in any field of activity in which it is engaged, to act as an entrepreneur on behalf of the Central or any State Govt.
VISION To be a leading power utility in the energy sector through diversified energy portfolio with due care & concern to the environment. MISSION To develop water resources in the State and elsewhere in the Country while augmenting hydro power generating capacity by setting up new hydro power projects. To adopt state of the art technology for up gradation of the existing hydro power stations to achieve the highest level of efficiency. To establish and operate thermal power plants through joint ventures and also explore the opportunities to develop renewable energy resources viz small hydro, wind, solar. To develop & operate coal mines allocated jointly in favour of OHPC and other public sector undertakings by the Ministry of Coal, Govt. of India. To improve productivity through effective planning and implementation of ERP system with development of robust & concurrent IT infrastructure. To professionalize the work force in line with the modern management / technical know how.
POWER STATIONS OF OHPC
Power Stations Hirakud -I (Burla) Hirakud -II (Chipilma) Balimela Rengali Upper Kolab Upper Indravati Machkund 2 x 49.5 MW Under Operation Total (MW) 275.5 MW
+ 2 x 32 MW + 3 x 37.5 MW
3 x 24 MW 6 x 60 MW 5 x 50 MW 4 x 80 MW 4 x 150 MW 3 x 21.25 MW + 3 x 17 MW
+ 2 x 75 MW
510 MW 250 MW 320 MW 600 MW 114.75 MW
ACHIEVEMENTS OF OHPC IN 2010-2011
Average availability of the Power Stations was 87.1% against the average standard of 85%. Installation of Trash Rack Cleaning machine (TRCM) at Chiplima H.E.P for cleaning of weeds. As a result, the generation of CHEP has been maximized to 254.42 MU for the FY 2010-11. The accounts of 2009-10 was audited, adopted and filed with Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) within the statutory time limit (30th Sept.2010)
TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES OF OHPC On Introduction of Availability Based Tariff with effect from April 2003 and application of Electricity Act 2003 it has become important on the part of generators to maintain high level of machine availability and plant load factor. Hydro power generation has special place in the load management under the ABT regime. For efficient running of their Hydro Power stations, the technical wing of OHPC has been Reorganized to carry out the following activities.
Monitoring the functioning of Power Plants. Preparation of data base. Monitoring of Renovation and Modernization Programs. Planning for future R&M Programs and new projects. Inventory & procurement monitoring. Generation and Maintenance Planning and monitoring. Tariff and PPA including coordination with GRIDCO and OERC Computerization and online communication Coordination with Govt and SemiGovt bodies.
Corporation Organization (Head Quarters)
The nearest rail head is Hirakud Railway Station which is at a distance of 8 km from the dam site. the project provides flood protection to 9500 sq. The dam is flanged by 21 km long earthen dykes.8 km spans between hills Laxmidungri on left and Chandli-dungri on the right. Besides. being the first post-independence major multi purpose river valley project in the country. This is one of the oldest hydel projects of India. Bargarh. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation stone in 1948.36.55. 6. at 22 km down stream of Dam.385 ha of Rabi irrigation in the districts of Sambalpur. The Main dam having an overall length of 4.635 hectares of Kharif and 1. The project provides 1. The dam is located at a distance of 6 km from national High way no.A in Mahanadi Delta.5 MW through its two power houses at Burla.08. The water released through the power house irrigates further 4.000 ha of C. Bolangir and Subarnapur. at the right bank and Chiplima. 5 . concrete and masonary.HIRAKUD HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER PLANT Hirakud Dam Project is a multipurpose scheme intended for flood control. The dam is built across river Mahanadi at about 15 km upstream of Sambalpur town in the state of Odisha. km of delta area in districts of Cuttack and Puri. irrigation and power generation. The installed capacity for power generation is 347. It has pg.C. both on left and right sides to close the low saddles beyond the abutment hills. Hirakud Dam is a composite structure of earth.
On 15 Mar 1946. Visveswaraya gave proposal for detail investigation for storage reservoirs in Mahanadi basin to tackle problem of flood in Mahanadi delta.02crores in 1957. 100. A project report was submitted to the government in June 1947. then the Governor of Orissa. km of Mahanadi catchment. achieving full potential in 1966. The commissioning of Unit III of Burla Power House was completed on 18. The multi purpose Hirakud Dam project is the first stage of the plan of Dr. The reservoir has life storage of 5818 million cubic meter with gross storage of 8136 million cubic meter. being 25. Ajodhya Nath Khosla. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru laid the first batch of concrete on 12 April 1948. the then Member of Labour. In 1945. Ambedkar. R. it was decided to invest in the potential benefits of controlling the Mahanadi for multi-purpose use. The Central Waterways. km at full reservoir level. 6 . The total cost of the project was Rs.12 56. the then Governor of Odisha. M.the distinction of being at one time the longest earth dam in the world. Power generation along with agricultural irrigation started in 1956. The dam was completed in 1953 and was formally inaugurated by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 13 January 1957. pg. Er. laid the foundation stone of the Hirakud Dam. It also has the rare distinction of forming the biggest artificial lake in Asia with reservoir spread of 743 sq. Brief History of the project After high floods of 1937. under the chairmanship of Dr. Irrigation and Navigation Commission took up the work. Hirakud dam intercepts 83400 sq.8 km long with dams and dykes taken together. B. Sir Howthrone Lewis.
10 km (6 mi) north of Sambalpur. There are two observation towers on the dam one at each side. four generators were installed at PH I and in stage II. The dam and dykes together measure 25. closing the low saddles beyond the adjoining hills.8 km (3 mi)spanning between two hills. During stage I. Between 1982 and 1990. Power House I and II were built in three stages. The dam is flanked by 21 km (13 mi) of earthen dykes on both the left and right sides.5 MW. concrete and masonry. the power channel two and Power House II was constructed. The main dam has an overall length of 4. and stands across the river Mahanadi. pg. It contains 3 x 24 MW generators. Power House I is located at the base (toe) of the main dam section and contains 3 x 37. It also forms the biggest artificial lake in Asia. the seventh and final generator was installed at PHI. One is "Gandhi Minar" and the other one is "Nehru Minar". it is the longest major earthen dam in Asia.Structure of the dam The Hirakud Dam is a composite structure of earth. with a reservoir holding 743 km2 (287 sq mi) at full capacity. Both the observation towers present breathtaking views of the lake. 7 . Power houses The dam supports two different hydroelectric power houses. The entire installed capacity of the dam's power houses is 307. Power Station II is located 19 km (12 mi) southeast of the dam 21°21′10″N 83°55′00″E at Chipilima.5 MW. with a shoreline of over 639 km (397 mi).8 km (16 mi) including dykes. the Lamdungri on the left and the Chandili Dunguri on the right.8 km (16 mi).5 MW Kaplan turbine and 2 x 24 MW Francis turbine generators for an installed capacity of 259. measuring 25. All three generators were installed at PH II along with two more at PH I by 1963.
1957 and was inaugurated by late Dr.II at Chiplima.5) were added in power house Burla. Power House. Burla. Four generating units with installed capacity 123 MW (2x37. N. pg. Stage.a 25 km long water conductor system to carry the tailrace water from Burla power house to Chiplima power house.The power component of HPS consists of: Power House I at Burla. Stage.5 + 2x24) were completed in PH-I at Burla. Three generating units with installed capacity of 72 MW (3x 24) were completed in Power House. Two more generating units with installed capacity of 75 MW (2 x 37. Khosla. The work under stage II was started on Jan.III The work under stage III covers the installation of 7th Unit (37. The work started on 1st December. power generation at PH I & II and transmission system.II The main feature of stage II are Power channel. 1990. 1982 and completed on 13th September. Power Channel.5 MW) at Power House-I. canal system and power generation & transmission.II at Chiplima. 8 . These components were completed under three stages which are briefly described below: Stage -I The main features of Stage I are dam and appurtenant works. A.
24MW) First Hydro Power plant commissioned. USA. 1953 Aug.Unit-1 of Burla P. Irrigation water let out in the right side main canal. I.4.Unit-2 of Burla P.11. Govt. Commissioned 37.1948 February 1949 The Hirakud Scheme conceived by Er.1956 18. March.(Unit-3. 1952 Nov.H. Construction of the project commenced. Foundation laying ceremony of the Hirakud Dam by Sri Hawthorne Lewis.1956 13.1957 13.1957 11. Danver.5MW.Unit-4 of Burla P.Stage-I 1937 1945 1946 13. Commissioned 37.H.1957 11. 70.78 Crores to the Control Board during its 7th Meeting. The project inaugurated by Sri.H.5MW.05.12 .9. Foundation laid by Sri Jawaharlal Nehru. Commissioned pg. of Odisha. 1949 International Engineering Co.1957 Appointment of Hirakud Control Board. Hirakud dam completed.C. The presentation of revised estimate amounting to Rs. Jawaharlal Nehru. 9 . M.S. Visveswaraya Agreement on unified development of the Mahanadi valley carried out between the Govt. 1956 7. Preliminary design of Hirakud dam by Aug 1948-Dec.. 24MW. of Odisha and Eastern states.05.1.
07. 10 .1990 Hirakud stage III Project sanctioned by Planning Commission. Civil foundation work completed. Khosla. Erection of draft tube gate. 37. 1986 March 1987 13.04.1963 14. 24 MW Generator No.9. A.11.H commissioned. spiral casing completed.N. Civil construction work started. 37. penstock gate. Civil construction work started. 3 at Chiplima commissioned pg. 37.5 MW Generator No.02. 1982 March 1983 Nov.5 MW Generator No. Electrical construction work started. 1957 19. 5 at Burla Power House commissioned.1962 July.1963 01.08. 1956 January.9.5 MW generator No. 1962 15.Stage-II July.1962 05. 2 at Chilplima Power House Commissioned. Water let out in Power channel 24 MW generator No. 1 at Chiplima Power House Commissioned.1964 Stage III Aug. Inauguration of the project by Dr. Chiplima scheme sanctioned. 6 at Burla PH commissioned. 1957 April.1962 26. 24 MW Generator No. 7 at Burla P.
5. UK English Electric.04. Germany/ Siemens 24 MW hydro Burla 13. UK 37.04.12.5 MW by GEC.1957 Uprated to 32 MW by generating set VOITH SIEMENS .5 MW by GEC (Unit I) Make: Alstom. 11 . 27. 1 2 3 4 Power Commissioning Specification station dates Renovation 37.5 MW hydro Burla 11.1998.10.M. (Unit IV) Make: GERMANY on J. 28. Voith.11. (Unit III) GERMANY on Make: J.2005 Voith.RENOVATION IN HHEP STAGE-I Sl no.1998.5 MW hydro Burla 11.1957 01.2005 Germany/ Siemens pg. (Unit II)Make: ALSTOM. UK English Electric.08.1958 16. Uprated to generating set 49.5. UK 24 MW hydro Burla 18. uprated to generating set 49.1956 Uprated to 32 MW by generating set VOITH SIEMENS .M.
Voith.1998.8. Germany/ Siemens 4 24 MW hydro generating set (Unit II) Make: J.1964 STAGE-III Sl.4.1963 Chiplima 15. Japan 3 24 MW hydro generating set (Unit I) Make: J.M. Japan Power Commissioning Renovation station dates Burla 13.01. Chiplima 26. No. Renovated by L&T and BHEL 01. Specfication 1 37.2008 Under Renovated by BHEL.5 MW hydro generating set (Unit V) Make: Hitachi. 12 .9.7.1990 pg. No.1962 Burla 5.RUSSIA Power station Burla Commissioning datesdates Renovation 19.1962 29.11. Germany/ Siemens 5 24 MW hydro generating set (Unit III) Make: LMZ.M. 1 Item 37.5 MW hydro generating set (Unit VII) Make: Hitachi.STAGE-II Sl. Japan 2 37.1962 Chiplima 1.5 MW hydro generating set (Unit VI) Make: Hitachi.7. Voith.2.
8 Kms.) 179.5 MW (c ) Total Installed capacity 5. Name of the River 3.4 .830 mt (590 ft.6.cum pg. Total Installed Capacity of each Unit (a) No.m.5MW 275.)(Total 25.024 Mt (630 ft. Location (I) State (ii) Nearest town (iii) Distance 4.5MW # 3. from Sambalpur - 7 # 1.7 -37.8 km including Dykes) 83400 Sq. of Units (b) Installed capacity of each Unit Burla Power House Mahanadi Odisha Sambalpur 15 Kms.HHEP SPECIFICATIONS : 1. (4. Reservoir / Pondage a) Name of the Dam b) Type of Dam c) Height of Dam d) Length of Dam - - e) Catchment area f) Average Annual Inflow g) FRL / MWL h) MDDL I) Storage capacity - Hirakud Straight Edged Earth Dam 80.750 Million Cum 192.96 mt (Max) 4800 mts.) 7189 M. 2 . k.32 MW # 5. 36. 13 . Name of the Power Station 2.49.
2.6 & 7 Hitachi 11 KV # 1.5 mt.3149 amp # 3. 26. 150 rpm 330 rpm (#1.5.9 pg.3 mt. Generators I) No.184.108.40.206 mts.5 mt. # 3 & 4 . Head (ii) Minimum (iii) rated net (iv) Design head d) Nurmal Speed e) Runaway Speed 7. 4) Open channel c) Net Head (I) Maxl.3 & 4 .6 & 7) 377 rpm (# 3. 14 .5.2. Water Turbine a) No.6.78 mt. # 1.(Voith Siemens) # 5.2 . # 5. of Units ii) Type iii) Make - - iv) Voltage v) Current - vi) Power Factor - 7 (Seven) Semi Umbrella Vertical #1&2ALSTOM # 3 & 4 . 4 . of turbines b) Type of turbines - 7 (Seven) Kaplan (# 1.7) Francis (# 3 & 4) 35.2187 amp 0. 6 & 7 .6 & 7 .32.30.2506 amp # 5. Tail race Type of Tunnel / Channel 8.
Some hydroelectric power plants just use a small canal to channel the river water through a turbine. transpiration. Water released from the reservoir flows through a turbine. This is called hydroelectric power or hydropower. RAIN PRECIPITION PRINCIPLE OF HYDRO POWER PLANT WATER CYCLE The continuous cycle in which water changes from water vapor in the atmosphere to liquid water through condensation and precipitation and then back to water vapor through evaporation. which turns a generator. To control the flow. spinning it. and respiration Water cycle in nature: Water surface evaporation Precipitation of clouds Collected back to the oceans VAPORATION pg.WORKING OF A HYDRO POWER PLANT Hydropower plants harness water's energy and use simple mechanics to convert that energy into electricity. Water from dam enters the turbine through trash rack.water flowing through a dam turns a turbine. 15 . But hydroelectric power doesn't necessarily require a large dam. The hydroelectric power plant uses a dam on a river to store water in a reservoir. hydraulic intake gates are provided for each machine Flowing water creates energy that can be captured and turned into electricity. which in turn activates a generator to produce electricity. intake structure and penstock and gets discharged to the tailrace through draft tube. HYDRO POWER PLANT are actually based on a rather simple concept -.
BASIC COMPONENTS OF HIRAKUD HYDRO POWER PLANT (1)Dam (2)Intake (3) Turbine (4) Generators (5) Transformer (6) Power lines (7) Outflow pg. 16 .
.Power generation Diversion dams For diversion To provide sufficient pressure Detention dams To Minimize the effect of sudden floods To trap sediment Overflow dams They carry water discharge over their crests Rockfill dams Rock instead of earth Embankment dams hold back water by the force of gravity acting upon their mass Gravity dams Most gravity dams are made from concrete. Purpose . Water reservoir is placed behind the dam where Potential energy is stored. and aggregates They are much thicker at the base than the top.Irrigation . a mixture of port land cement.DAMS: Storage dams impound water . pg. The penstock carries the water controlled by the control gates. 17 . Which inlet gates .Flood control . Intake or control gates are the gates inside of the dam. water.
000 m3(4.499.000.896.96 m (200 ft) 4.8 km (16 mi) (entire dam) Mahanadi 64 sluice-gates 42.201 sq mi) 21.779.000 cu ft/s) Reservoir Capacity Catchment area 5.87°ECoordinates: 83.400 km2 (32.8 km (3 mi) (main section) 25.Hirakud Dam Official name Location Coordinates Hirakud Dam Hirakud Dam 21.57°N Construction began 1948 Opening date Construction cost pg. 18 .965 acre·ft) 83.87°E 1957 101 Crore Rs in 1957 Dam and spillways Type of dam Height Length Impounds Spillways Spillway capacity Dam and Reservoir 60.57°N 83.450 cubic metres per second (1.
73 (1919) 940.W. M / MACFT Gross : : : : R.60) Revised (1988) 7189(5.L.ha.L 590 ft) Original 8136(6.L/ M.36 (1958-92) 8.L 642 ft) R.024 M (R. 192.L 630 ft) R.680 M (R. After allowing for losses due to evaporation and percolation the net volume of water available for power generation can be determined. annual : (2) Storage of water Wide evaporation during the year makes it necessary to store water for continuous generation of power through out the year.54 (1902) 1.m) : Average annual : Max.Selection site for the Dam (1) Quantity of water available Previous records of rainfall are studied and minimum and maximum quantity of water available during the year is estimated.L.L Dead storage level Storage capacity In M.17 (1926-46) 3. annual : Min.14 (1979) pg. 19 .L.31(1902) Original Revised 1038 2518 607 Post construction 6. Rain fall (mm) Mean annual : Maximum annual : Minimum annual : Run-off (M. Top dam level F. 179.09 (1961) 2. 195.R.830 M (R.25 (190045) 1808.62 (1919) 9. cu.83) Original 1381.
HYDRO TURBINES : Water turbines convert HYDROLIC energy to MECHANICAL energy.5.5 m 52000 HP (Unit 5.2.2) 377 rpm (Unit 3 & 4) 372 rpm (Unit 5. 20 .6&7) Francis (unit 3&4) 26.6&7) pg.6&7). Classifications of Hyrdo Turbines There are two main types of hydro turbines: TURBINE SPECIFICATION (1) Impulse Turbine (a) Pelton Wheel (2) Reaction Turbine (a) Francis (b) Kalpan Net head: Rated output : Number: Type : 7 Kaplan turbine (Unit 1. 66354HP(1 & 2) 49200 HP (Unit 3 & 4) Normal speed : Run away speed : 150 rpm 342 rpm (Unit 1.5 m to 35.
(a) Pelton wheel A pelton wheel has one or more free jets discharging water into an aerated space and impinging on the buckets of a runner. pg. 21 . The water stream hits each bucket on the runner.(1) Impulse Turbine The impulse turbine generally uses the velocity of the water to move the runner and discharges to atmospheric pressure.
pg. allowing for a wider range of operation. (a) Francis A Francis turbine has a runner with fixed buckets (vanes). (b) Kaplan Both the blades and the wicket gates are adjustable. Water is introduced just above the runner and all around it and then falls through. The runner is placed directly in the water stream flowing over the blades rather than striking each individually. causing it to spin. 22 .(2) Reaction Turbine A reaction turbine develops power from the combined action of pressure and moving water. usually nine or more.
barring or turning gear units. electronics component should be carried out. pg. Desired purity level of hydraulic oil is to be maintained to give trouble free operations. it would be necessary to undertake in-situ repairs of turbine buckets to recoupe/fillup erosions/ white pitting by using various cold compounds viz. Many a times it is not possible for Francis Turbine being always immersed in water and needs isolation on either side. An effective system for monitoring of silt content (quantity and size in PPM) may be installed & commissioned by each power station and silt content may be monitored continuously on the basis of which action to mitigate the damaging effect to under water parts may be initiated reducing the down time of units / station. Belzona compound. Throtex compound etc. gland sealing arrangements. trip-throttle or similar emergency stop valves. Sometimes. The electronic components and cards should be carefully maintained at appropriate temperature level to achieve desired performance. Loctite. This may give satisfactory results. Turbine & its Auxiliaries Regular inspection of runners of turbines should be carried out and record to that effect should be invariably maintained. and lube oil reclaimers or purifiers. 23 . The control circuit should be neatly dressed with identification marks. meters etc. Periodical calibration and testing of transducers. Best efficiency microprocessor based digital PID speed governors provide fast response. Periodical maintenance of speed governors alongwith all associated mechanical. electrical. Due to cavitation there may be huge damages to turbine wheel causing adverse effect on performance and consequently efficiency.Among turbine auxiliary systems we find lubricating oil supply consoles. History of each important part should be maintained. For this it is done as recommended by manufacturer without any compromise. Low heat input welding can also be tried at some of the locations to some extent. needs to be done. SS Metalset.
Polishing of the various under water parts of the turbines once in a year to minimize the white pitting. etc. 24 . Inspection & testing of the runners from experts to decide residual life so as to initiate action for procurement of runners for replacement. Painting of runner housing with anticorrosive I tar based paints. Applying anti-erosion coating to the runner. Ultrasonic.Following maintenance works also need to be taken up: Periodic NDT viz. Inspection of labyrinth seals in case of reaction turbines. Checking of brake jet operation in power stations having Pelton turbines once in three months. pg.
529 857.751 pg.5 MW(unit 1 & 2) 37.388 749. Out of this 4 units have been up-rated during the year 1998 and 2005 increasing the present installed capacity to 275 per cent MW. Generation in recent years: YEAR 7 Semiumbrella vertical 11 KV Unit 1& 2 .5 MW each have now have outlived their designed life of 35 years.5 MW(unit 5. 25 .9 lagging Factor Speed 150 rpm Number Type: Voltage Current: GENERATION (IN MUMU) 2010-11 2009-2010 2008-2009 2007-2008 2006-2007 714. GENERATOR SPECIFICATION 7 hydropower units were installed in this project with total installed capacity of 235.6 & 7.7070 612.6&7) 32 MW(unit 3&4) Power 0.2187 Capacity 49.5 MW.2500 Unit 5.GENERATORS: Generators convert MECHANICAL energy into ELECTRICAL energy. Unit No-5 and 6 installed in the year 1962 and 1963 respectively with installed capacity of 37.382 741.3149 Unit 3 & 4 .
Proper cooling system is to be maintained to limit rise in stator winding temperatures and consequently increase the life of stator winding. Another precision and very critical components of generator are its guide and thrust bearings. pg. Windings are revarnished to enhance their life. slot wedges checked for healthiness. Looseness of stator core or inter lamination. The generator and turbine guide bearings act as guides for controlling the vibrations of the unit .Generator & its Auxiliaries Stator & rotor winding. unbalanced electrical components. regular recording of IR Values of these winding should be maintained at regular intervals. Checking the vibrations periodically & history of the recorded readings gives guidelines for realignment. Likewise impedance test (voltage drop test across each pole) indicates condition of the rotor winding. 26 . Filling the foundations with epoxy. As regards stator and rotor windings. If T -G shaft alignment with accurate shaft level is achieved then the pad clearances are adjusted precisely and the rotating machine will operate smoothly without rise in bearing temperature and increase life of bearings. tightening the bolts. uneven stator -rotor air gap etc. increase in bearing gaps. coupling misalignment. Inspection of the stator winding is also required to be carried out to verify its firmness in stator core slots and healthiness of overhang portion with firm end winding caps & end spacers. looseness if any. Following maintainance works also need to be taken up: Periodic checking of the foundations. Thus recommended maintenance as per schedule should be carried out its records maintained and corrective actions be taken if necessary.Tan Delta and DLA tests of stator winding indicates the status I condition of stator winding insulation. The thrust bearing is main bearing holding complete thrust of rotating mass of turbine and generator unit. bearings & excitation system are the main parts of a generator. core insulation are direct factors affecting winding heating due to eddy current loss.
. Inspection of circuits for protection & control circuits & mock trials of the fire fighting system alongwith evacuation system. Periodic cleaning or replacement of the generator air coolers and bearing oil coolers to improve performance of the generator. Fan Blades and Vanes C. 27 . Brushes and Brush Holders D. Hydrogen Seal Rings B. Shaft Grounding Devices E. Oil Deflectors pg. Primary and secondary testing of the protection system for its healthiness and correct operation. Generator Components A.
5. maintenance and inspection for Fire fighting system. CO2 & mulsifire. Mock trials of Checking.4. pg.6&7) 60 MVA (Unit 1 &2) 3 Phase OFWF 1.7 GEC Transformer maintainance Continuous monitoring of oil & winding temperature. Periodic cleaning of transformer bushings & insulator strings. Oil testing for various tests and Dissolved Gas Analysis.4 EMCO(After R & M) 5.2 BHEL 3. Tandelta & insulation resistance etc. TRANSFORMER SPECIFICATIONS Number Voltage Capacity Phases Cooling system Make 7 11 / 132 kV 42 MVA (Unit 3. Voltage required for various applications is 110V or 230V. as per schedule.6. 28 . Two coils are present in the Transformer: the supply coil(primary coil) and the outlet coil(secondary coil). Cleaning and replacement of oil cooler Testing protection system for healthiness. Periodic oil filtration.TRANSFORMERS: Transformer converts the alternating current to high voltage current.
The entire installed capacity of the dam's power houses is 307. Between 1982 and 1990.POWER HOUSE: Hirakud Power Station Specifications Promoter Location Installed Capacity Unit Configuration Project Cost Main Plant Award Orissa Hydro Power Corporation Limited River Mahanadi.1990 Date of Commissioning The dam supports two different hydroelectric power houses. Power Station II is located 19 km (12 mi) southeast of the dam 21°21′10″N 83°55′00″E at Chipilima. Germany/ Siemens Unit I: May 11. the power channel two and Power House II was constructed. four generators were installed at PH I and in stage II. During stage I. 29 .1957 Unit III: December 18.5 MW.M. Voith.5 MW 2 x 49.5 + 2 x 32 + 3 x 37.02 Crore (in 1957) Unit I: English Electric. Germany/ Siemens Unit IV: J. the seventh and final generator was installed at PH I pg. It contains 3 x 24 MW generators. All three generators were installed at PH II along with two more at PH I by 1963. Orissa 275.1958 Unit II: November 11.5 INR 100.1956 Unit IV: May 13. Power House I is located at the base (toe) of the main dam section and contains 3 x 37. Voith.M.1957 Unit V: April 19.5 MW. UK Unit II: English Electric.1963 Unit VII: September 13.5 MW Kaplan turbine and 2 x 24 MW Francis turbine generators for an installed capacity of 259. Power House I and II were built in three stages. UK Unit III: J.1962 Unit VI: August 5.
e. protection and monitoring for the switchyard will be located in the switchyard relay room of the electrical building. Industrial CPP. Gas Turbines based power plants or Hydel power plants. 30 . recording net power to or from the switchyard 11 kV. Revenue metering are provided on the outgoinglines. All protection and circuit breaker control will be powered from the station battery backed 220V DC system. Thermal Power Utilities. Switchyard consists of the air insulated aluminium bus type and of high voltage SF6 insulated dead tank circuit breakers arranged in a ring bus configuration. Control. of outgoing feeders:4 Switchyard of Burla power house The switchyard is a junction connecting the Transmission & Distribution system to the power plant. While the entire power plant is integrated at the DCS level. pg.SWITCHYARD: Switchyard forms an integral part of any power plant i. true unification is achieved by incorporating / integrating switchyard controls (SCADA) also in the plant DCS. Switchyard arrangements 132 KV Main & Reserve Bus Bar (Double Bus Bar) No. These power plants have their main plant equipment integral controls (Boiler / Turbine / Gas Turbine / Hydro Turbine) as well as plant DCS System (BoP / Station C & I).
Pin type & Suspension type: insulators are design for 11 kv. 31 .EQUIPMENTS OF THE SWITCHYARD: Line dig of a Switchyard Bus –Bar Bus Bar are used to interconnect the loads and sources of electrical power. amount of current passed Insulators Supported the poles and towers in such a way that currents from conductors do not flow to earth through these supports. Material used: Copper or Aluminium Size of bus bar determines max. pg. It connects incoming and outgoing transmission lines. Also connect generator and main transformer in power plant.
3.6 has SF6 circuit breakr. Its function is to interrupt continuity. It does not absorb or stop the Lightning. pg. It Clamp (limit) the Voltage produced by the Lightning It Only protects equipment electrically in parallel with it. Unit 1. Each circuit breaker are equipped with a no-loadbreaker. air insulated. disconnect switch on eachside In 400/220KV substation Power Grid there isSF6 circuit breaker system flow The SF6 is an electro-negative gas and has astrong tendency to absorb free electrons.7 has OCB. to immediately discontinue electrical connections. In switchyard High Capacity Circuit Breakersare used. Isolator An isolating disconnect switch are installed in each generator transformer connection to the bus. The conducting free electrons in the arc are rapidly captured by the gas to form relatively immobile negative ions.Lightning Arrestor Lightening Arrestor are used on power system to protect the s ystem from damaging effect of lightning. It Divert the Lightning to Ground. Unit 2.4. Circuit Breaker Circuit breaker is an automatically-operated electrical switch designed to protect an electrical circuit from damage caused by overload or short circuit.5. The contacts of the breaker are opened in a high pressure flow of SF6 gas and an arc is struck between them. 32 .
No carbon deposits so that trackingand insulation problems are eliminated Disadvantages of using SF6 SF6 breakers are costly due to high cost of SF6. It also helps in steping up or down the potential. No moisture problem. 33 . No risk of fire since SF6 gas is non-inflammable Low maintenance cost. pg. Can interrupt much larger currents. Noiseless operation due to its closed gascircuit. are known as instrument transformers. so additionalequipments are required Instrument Transformers In switchyard. Current transformers. Since the measuring instruments and protective devices are designed for low voltages (generally 110V) and currents(about 5A). Therefore. It controls excess and low current. SF6 gas has to be reconditioned after everyoperation of the breaker. Current and Voltage transformers are located at points within the switchyard to provide form etering and relaying. they will not work properly if mounted directly on power lines. together with potential transformers. a power transformer is used to stepup or step down the voltage.Advantages of using SF6 Circuit breaker Very short arcing time.
It step downs the current and measurements are taken in the control room the ratings of CT is based on the ampere. which step down the high voltage to a value that can be measured using the measuring instruments in the control room. back up protection.Current Transformer The current transformer is used to measurethe very high current passing through the bus. The CVT are connected between phase and ground in parallel to the circuit. During high voltage insulators can't resist this and cracks may be developed. Arcing Horns Arcing horns are for the protection of the insulators in case of high voltage. oil temperature alarm. Voltage Transformer There is a step down transformer. energy meter etc. winding temperature alarm . check synchronizing relay . distance protection inoperative. The meters include ammeter. distance protection trip etc. The relays include fuse failure relay. voltmeter. wattmeter. They are two metal rods fitted at the topmost and bottommost parts of the insulator. auto reclose lock out. This has an additional core for the carrier communication. VT fuse fail alarm.auxiliary relay and transformer relays like OLTC out of step. pg. which it cannot stand. auto reclose relay. carrier out of service. They conduct the high voltage to the ground and protect the insulator. CB Air pressure low. 34 . The trip indicators included are CB SF6 gas density low. These CTs are connected to the control room through cables. control DC supply fails. In order to avoid these arcing horns are provided. carrier signal received. CB pole disctrip. Control Panel Control panel mostly consists of meters and protective relays.
Historical Storage. To assure that a person in the vicinity of grounded facilities is not exposed to the danger of electric shock. breakers. frequency. SCADA nodes The Supervisory control and data acquisition system (SCADA) of switchyard consists of Operator Stations. MW. ground switches · Issue of close/open commands to isolators. function key board. touch screen. breakers · Monitoring of system parameters like voltage.Earthing It is to be provided in substations due to following reasons:To provide a means to carry electric current into the earth under normal and fault conditions . The system constitutes several operator work stations and engineer's work station with high resolution Color display monitors. track ball and printers. events. Computers and associated peripherals and the switchyard bay control systems interconnected through a high speed network . MVAR. mouse. Its features are: · Monitoring of status of switchyard equipment like isolators. current. without exceeding any operating and equipment limits or adversely affecting continuity of service . energy · Time stamping of alarms. Engineer's Stations. protective relay operations · Presentation of information useful to operator in different forms · Report generation · Historical storage and retrieval · Remote control and monitoring from Load dispatch centre through fibre optic/PLCC communication pg. 35 .
.. LOCATION OF INTER-CONNECTION POINTS i. in the switchyard connected near the gantry.4 KV system will be the take off points at 132 KV / 66 KV / 11KV switchyard gantry and 0. testing of relays. CTs. 132 KV Chiplima Tie-I Feeder viii. Equipment like CT. vi.OHPC shall provide easement and rights of way to authorised personnel of OPTCL for the purpose of inspection. will be the responsibility of OHPC. Maintainance of Switchyard : Tests for operation time of the breaker. Operation & testing of isolator opening & closing. Minimum area surrounding the yard to be free from growth of scrubs and bushes to avoid any bush fire damaging the equipment. LA etc. meters. 132 KV ALCO Feeder-I ii. PTs and bus bars for over heating. etc. Checking of control circuit & healthiness of operating system of the breaker. pg. 132 KV Chiplima Tie-II Feeder. 132 KV Budhipadar Feeder-II v. when required. vii. 132 KV Budhipadar Feeder-I iv. 132 KV Rairakhol Feeder. Inspection of the CTs. 132 KV Sambalpur Feeder. 36 . 132 KV ALCO Feeder-II iii. temperature rise etc.4 KV panel. The Interconnection Points between OHPC and OPTCL 132 KV / 66 KV /11KV / 0. Switchyard are to be kept neat & tidy. PTs.
37 .GENERATOR PROTECTION SCHEME Functions Small (<10 MVA) Differential 95% Stator E/F 100% Stator E/F Interterm faults Back impedance Voltage controlled O/C Negative sequence Field failure Reverse Power Pole Slipping Overload Over voltage Under Frequency Dead machine Rotor earth fault Over fluxing Y Y N N Y Y N Y N Y Y Y N Y N Y Steam & Gas turbines Medium (10-100 MVA) Y Y Y Y Y N Large (>100 MVA) Y Y Y Y Y N Small (<10 MVA) Y Y N Y N Y Hydro Turbines Medium (10-100 MVA) Y Y Y Y Y N Large (>100 MVA) Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y N N Y Y N Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y N Y N Y Y N Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y pg.
pg. FAULT / INTERMEDIATE ACTION INITIATION OF AUX.PROTECTION SCHEMES GENERATOR PROTECTION Class ‘A’ Protections : This covers all electrical protections for fault within the generating unit in which generator field breaker. generator breaker and turbine should be tripped. RELAY RELAYS 87G87GT87UAT54G164G259GClass A 99GTTrip 64REF-Trip Generator CB 86 G 51UAT-Trip Exciter CB 50UAT-Trip Turbine 64R II STAGE-Trip UAT CB Rotor Over Voltage-Initiate LBB Excitation fail46G40G21GGT faultUAT faultClass ‘B’ Protections : This covers all mechanical protections of the turbine in which turbine will be tripped first and following this generator will trip on reverse power / low forward protections. 38 .
rise- INTERMEDIATE AUX. Various protections of this class are: i) ii) iii) iv) v) 220 KV (HV side of Generator Transformer) busbar protection. riseRotor temp. -Trip UAT CB -Initiate LBB -Close Intake gate / Inlet valve Class ‘C’ Protections : This covers electrical protection for faults in the system in which generator will be unloaded by tripping of generator breaker only. Reverse power protection without turbine trip. Generator Transformer over current / earth fault protection. The unit will come to house load operation and the UAT will be in service. riseIntake gate closed / Inlet valve closedExcessive water pressureInside spiral casingStator temp. RELAY ACTION -Trip Generator CB Class A Trip 86 T -Trip Exciter CB -Trip Turbine -Operate Emergency Closing of Guide apparatus. riseThrust bearing Temp. 39 . Generator negative phase sequence protection. Generator Transformer HV side breaker pole discrepancy. pg.Faults Turbine Over SpeedGovernor failureTurbine Bearing temp. riseGuide bearing Temp.
The units which were installed in 1956 with installed capacity of 37. The decision was taken as the equipment installed in these units became old and the power generation from these units were declining every year. each having capacity of 37. The renovation work aims at increasing the power generation capacity of the two units to 86 Mw. Hirakud Hydro power project has seven units out of which four had already been upgraded. The 5th and 6th units of Burla hydro power project. pg. were installed 47 year ago and had frequent beak down complains. from the present 75 Mw. A high level meeting held under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary B K Patnaik decided to make international bidding for the upgradation of the power units at the earliest. the capacity of each unit will be enhanced to 43 MW which will add 218 Million Units of energy benefit. This will generate an additional revenue of around Rs 22 crore from these units.83 Crorers. The work order involves supplying the machines and erecting them. While the process for bidding requires eight months. 40 .5 Mw.RECENT VENTURES Orissa government will upgrade the 5th and 6th units of the Hirakud hydro power projects at an estimated cost of Rs 297 crore in a bid to boost power production and generate more revenue. In the renovation work. Technical experts say it will take near about 38 months for installation of theses up-rated units involving an estimated cost of Rs296. another 30 months will be required for the upgradation of the two power units. With the proposed renovation. After the upgradation the power generation from these two units will increase 43 MW each and provide energy benefit of 218 MU. we will replace the old machines with new ones and the entire process might take three years As such their modernization and up-rating has become necessary.5 MW each were now generating 33 MW and it is likely to be reduced further.
Bolangir.BENEFITS OF HHEP PROJECT In the upper drainage basin of the Mahanadi River.000 square kilometres of land. The dam regulates the flow of the Mahanadi River and produces hydroelectricity through several hydroelectric plants. Hydroelectricity is also generated. on the dam's right bank and Chiplima.084 km² of rabi irrigation in districts of Sambalpur. The reservoir has a storage capacity of 5.400 km² (32.090 km. In addition. The dam was constructed to help alleviate these problems by creating a reservoir and controlling river flow through the drainage system. 41 . The water released by the power plant irrigates another 4360 km² of CCA in Mahanadi delta. the project provides flood protection to 9500 km² of delta area in district of Cuttack and Puri.. The dam helps control floods in the Mahanadi delta and irrigates 75. 22 km downstream from the dam. The Hirakud Dam regulates 83.200 mi²) of Mahanadi's drainage. A natural fall of 80 to 120 feet (25 to 40 m) in the river Mahanadi is used to generate electricity. It drains an area of 133.5 MW of electrical power through its two power plants at Burla. Bargarh. periodic droughts contrast with the situation in the lower delta region where floods may damage crops. The dam can generate up to 307. The project provides 1. With successful irrigation provided by the dam.136 km³. centered on the Chattisgarh Plain. and Subarnpur. Sambalpur is called the rice bowl of Orissa.556 km² of kharif and 1.818 km³ with gross of 8. Chiplima has gained prominence as the second hydroelectric project of the Hirakud Dam. pg.
the amount was reduced to Rs 9. only Rs 3.DISADVANTAGES OF HHEP PROJECT The power produced by the plant depends upon quantity of water which in turn is dependent upon the rainfall . In the original estimate. an amount of Rs 12 crores was provided for payment of compensation to the affected people. But construction of the dam greatly affected the native of western part of Orissa. They require long transmission lines to deliver power. the cost of transmission lines and losses in them will be more.5 crores and the total compensation paid to the people was.32 crores. Therefore. pg. Nearly 150. The main purpose of the Hirakud Dam was to check the massive flood that was effecting a large part of coastal Orissa. A large number of families were evacuated from their hearth and homes without compensation from 1956 onwards Hydro electric plants are generally situated away from the load centers. After revision. 42 . the plant will function satisfactorily otherwise not. so if the rainfall is in time and proper and the required amount of water can be collected.000 family were displaced by the dam project. in reality.000 people were affected by the Hirakud project. Nearly 22.
. Though irregularities in rainfall become a major setback for the efficient power supply yet it has proved it’s mettle among the current breed of other sources of electricity. Alternators.. During our training period we learnt about different units of Burla Power House. Water being available as the nature’s free gift will continue to make hydroelectric power more easy and safer way of producing electricity.Equipments and maintainance of Switchyard. its auxillaries . maintainance and operations of Turbine.CONCLUSION Hydro electricity has been a reliable source of power supply since the day it came into force. 43 . HHEP is one of the first major multipurpose river valley project started after India's independence. pg.
44 .THANK YOU pg.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.