Special Purpose Individual Weapon From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article includes

a list of references, but its sources remain uncle ar because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this art icle by introducing more precise citations. (November 2010) A Springfield Armory SPIW prototype, circa 1964 The Special Purpose Individual Weapon (SPIW) was a long-running United States Ar my program to develop, in part, a workable flechette-based "rifle", though other concepts were also involved. The concepts continued to be tested under the Futu re Rifle Program and again in the 1980s and 1990s under the Advanced Combat Rifl e program, but neither program resulted in a system useful enough to warrant rep lacing the current M16. Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Project SALVO Project NIBLICK The Future Rifle Program Close-Assault Weapon System (CAWS) Advanced Combat Rifle (ACR) Modern variants See also References Further reading

Project SALVO This article may contain parts that are misleading. Please help clarify this article according to any suggestions provided on the talk page. (June 2013) The idea of a flechette-based individual weapon started in earnest during the Ar my's Project SALVO. SALVO had earlier concluded that a small weapon with a high rate of fire would be considerably deadlier than the large "full power" weapons being developed in the 1950s, and followed several lines of investigation to fin d the best way to provide high firing rates. SALVO had a small number of "duplex load" weapons developed, where two bullets were stacked, while Springfield Armo ry[1][2][3] and Olin/Winchester both entered multiple barrel firearms. Even before the SALVO tests, Irwin Barr of AAI Corporation had been developing s ingle and multiple flechette cartridges. The Navy became sufficiently interested in the concept to provide him with some development funding from the Office of Naval Research, resulting in a 12 gauge shotgun shell firing 32 flechettes. The Army later added funding as well, and AAI was invited to SALVO. In SALVO testing they were found to be able to penetrate one side of a standard steel helmet at 500 yards (460 m) excellent given their light weight but the dispersion of the darts was so great as to make them only marginally useful. Further development continued by adapting a Winchester Model 70 rifle with new X M110 5.6×53 mm rounds firing a single dart. The result was a weapon with somewhat less accuracy than the 7.62x51mm NATO rounds, but with equal penetration and a t rajectory so flat it could be fired with no sight adjustment out to 400 yards (3 70 m). Better yet the rounds were very light, and had almost no recoil in compar ison to even the 0.22-inch caliber weapons under development. This meant they co uld be fired at extremely high rates of fire, from a very lightweight weapon. Since the Army was by this time only interested in fully automatic weapons, Barr suggested that they build a multiple barrel prototype in order to quickly test the concept. Various multiple barrel rifles entered the project. The resulting " burst simulators" were tested in 1961, and the general conclusion was that the l

the rounds gave of f extremely loud reports and had a huge muzzle flash. the baseline being 2300 rpm. The AAI flechette portion and the Winchester grenade launcher were both interesting for general development. and grenades from the other. AAI's design was the least technically advanced. The grenade launcher portion of the design proved much more interesting. Alth ough the rounds were lightweight the weapon itself was not. with the Springfield model adopting the Winc hester grenade launcher with a disposable magazine and a new side-by-side layout . However. while Springfield and Winchester used a new 5. Oddly. AAI continued with the original 5. taking rounds from the front magazin e first. Winche ster Arms and Harrington & Richardson. The H&R design was the most advanced. the SPIW. While the weapons de livered on their promise of extremely high rates of fire and excellent penetrati on.6 ki lograms).6×44 mm XM144 cartrid ge. ORO. the rounds themselves were extremely expensive to produce. their semi-automatic version was not ready in time for test ing.ight weight of the flechette meant that it could be fired at extremely high rate s of fire. Four companies responded to the contract tender: AAI. It was to weigh under 10 pounds (4.4 kilograms). The final re quirements resulted in an over-under weapon. The Springfield entry was most interesting for its layout. from a weapon of only 3. the sabots were discarded early in small "sub-barrels" while the dart continued down the main barrel. however . making the guns easily vis ible in low light. This was intended to dramatically increase the ac curacy of burst fire. had been working on Projec t NIBLICK. Interested i n the original shotgun-type shells. firing flechettes from one barrel. and the darts cou ld be easily deflected in flight even by heavy rain.5 pounds (1. The conclusion of the testing was that none of the weapons were ready for develo pment into a combat system. meaning that there was very little reco il until the end of the burst. and the weapon was quickly eliminated from the contest. which became th e M16 rifle. fully loaded with 60 rounds. It mounted the dart between three plastic sabots in a triangular plastic cartridge. the Army became extremely in terested in the weapon. and it seemed unlikely this could be reduced by mu ch. When fired. but the system never truly worked. It used two 30-round magazines back-to-back in a bullpup layout. The idea was to allow three rounds to be fired befo re the spring was completely compressed. and work continued on that portion. More worrying was the result of general testing of the flechette concept. The flechette gun portio n was somewhat heavy. follow-on to SALVO to develop a modern grenade launcher. however. Their grenade launcher was a simple single-shot weapon. A second round of testing followed. Winchester's design used a "soft recoil" stock which absorbed the recoil of an i ndividual round in a spring.6x53 mm XM110 rounds. they recommended development of a dedicated flechette-firing weapon combined with a grenade launcher. their massive magazine-fed grenade launcher pushed the weight to 14 pounds (6. at 24 pounds (11 kil ograms) loaded. The H&R design loaded the dart from the XM144 into their own cartridge desig n. Springfield Armory.[citation needed] The conclusion of Project SALVO was to adopt the Armalite AR-15. Accordingly. but fired at 2400 rpm.5 kilograms) ful ly loaded with three grenades and 60 flechettes. and was later dropped.[4] Project NIBLICK Meanwhile the Army's Operations Research Office. Finally.

.5 kilograms) limit. The AAI design never managed to fire more than six bursts before j amming. History of operation s research in the United States Army. of the Army. such as the Steyr ACR. ISBN 9 78-0-16-087337-9. United States. Although the basic problem of a single-dart flechette round had finally been solved by this time. Dept. n one of the weapons entered offered the 100% improvement over the M16 that the Ar my tests required. the program came under attack by the United Stat es Congress as a waste of money.freepatentsonline. and a new plastic buttstock/sighting system.pdf ^ http://www.html ^ http://www. Advanced Combat Rifle (ACR) The concept was revived yet again during the Advanced Combat Rifle (ACR) trials in the early 1990s. That project did not result in a production rifle either. A simila r project by LSAT is undergoing trials. Changes in the Army command structure and the adoption of the M16 made interest in the SPI W fade.thegunzone. In 1966 SPIW was put into "maintenance mode" and the M16 a dopted.) Additional entries with multiple flech ettes or bullets ("micro-caliber") were also entered.com/2976770. and invited AAI to enter aga inst General Electric's Dual Cycle Rifle. which was now complete. as the reunification of Germany put financial str ains on the German Army budget. Neither updated version proved very reliable and both were over the 10 pounds ( 4. mirroring the original SAL VO tests of the 1950s. namel y the West German Heckler & Koch G11 caseless rifle. and was forced to scale back. Ironically. See also Advanced Individual Combat Weapon Objective Individual Combat Weapon program AAI XM70 References ^ http://www. which caused the project to be dropped. a derivative of the Springfield SALVO design. but the entire concept of a large weapon for us e out to 100 yards was questioned and the project later dropped. 102. A possible entrant was the French designed VFIW assault rifle. p. However.freepatentsonline. the Army started the Future Rifle Program. and eventually managed to dramatically improve the reliability of their XM19.com/2977856. from the simple Colt ACR to th e more interesting flechette designs.pdf ^ Charles R.com/556dw-1.for the flechette magazines. (Springfield had closed in 1968. The Future Rifle Program In 1969. Several designs were entered. this revealed another problem: heat buildup in the chamber was great enough to result in "cook off". AAI's design was equipped with their semi-automati c launcher. Shrader. Government Printing Office. However. Testing finally b egan in 1974. A number of designs were entered and offered fairly good reliability. Close-Assault Weapon System (CAWS) It was revived again during the semi-automatic shotgun-like Close-Assault Weapon System (CAWS) project in the early 1980s. there has been another attempt to revolutionize th e assault rifle by way of a small projectile and a very high rate of fire. AAI's origina l "simple" grenade launcher turned out to be a major success: it was selected as the M203 in 1968 and became a common weapon under the M16. Modern variants Since the demise of the SPIW. and eventually the project was allowed to die. AAI continued development at a low level.

Edward C. [show] v t e Bullpup firearms [show] v t e Multiple barrel firearms Categories: Bullpup firearms Multi-barrel machine guns Trial and research firearms Abandoned military projects of the United States Multiple barrel firearms Navigation menu Create account Log in Article Talk Read Edit Edit source View history Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikimedia Shop Interaction . Ezell (1985). The SPIW: The Deadliest Weapon Tha t Never Was.rediscov. Daniel "A Brief History of Fléchette and the SPIW Project" thegunzone .exe?IDCFile=/spring/DETAILS. ISBN 978-0-88935-038-0.dtic.com Further reading R.com/spring/VFPCGI. Blake Stevens.DATABASE=objects.http://www.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier =AD0373879 [1] [2] SK Janson Salvo machine gun Infantry Weapon adapted to fire a plurality of cartridges simoutaneously Watters. http://stinet. Collector Grade Publications.IDC.SPECIF IC=594.

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