Pipelayers Swamp construction Oando supplies southeast Nigeria

com The publishers welcome editorial contributions from interested parties. Victoria 3001 Australia Tel: +61 3 9248 5100 Fax: +61 3 9602 2708 AROUND THE WORLD 8 11 12 13 14 16 19 KUANTAN engineering meet the association history REGION REVIEW: europe 54 56 57 57 57 57 SAFETY products and services Pipeline Equipment 24 industry news query@pipelinesinternational. whether produced by GSP and its agents and associates or another party to whom GSP has provided permission. Bucks HP9 1NS United Kingdom Tel: +44 1494 675139 Fax: +44 1494 670155 United States (Sales) 11111 Katy Freeway. edited or unchanged. 28 30 32 34 37 39 Event reviews swamp terrain 58 59 60 62 62 63 From a single location in Asia.contents DEEP CONNECTIONS 12 4 18 64 6 28 REGULARS From the Editor Pipes & people Advertisers’ Index Subscription form Coming in future issues Enbridge set to expand North America’s crude oil pipeline network Leighton awarded pipelay contract offshore Iraq Colombia moves toward construction of its longest oil pipeline OPAL – Germany’s pipeline gem GSPL to construct India’s two longest pipelines World Wrap Project briefs Energy security and pipeline politics in Europe A pipelayer for every season: choosing the right equipment for your next challenge Padding machines WorldWide Inside and out: benefits of pipeline coating Weld smarter: CRC-Evans’ new welding system with laser vision technology Getting the job done in swamp. marsh and wetland terrain Punj Lloyd: specialising in swamp pipeline construction Oando nearing completion on Nigerian pipeline 39 technical 42 Dealing with the technicalities of CO2 pipelines Cleaning pigs – maintaining pipeline integrity Fitness-for-service assessment of unpiggable pipelines Kick start a successful business year at PPIM 2011 A snapshot of engineering contractors and their capabilities Committed to corrosion prevention: NACE International The Salaya – Mathura Pipeline System HSE – keeping UK’s pipelines safe PLM and ek pass team-up to provide pipeline training Emerson launches Shafer SH Series gas-over-oil pipeline actuator Maats and Liebherr develop environmentally-friendly equipment Galaxy pencil brushes on trial in Gulf of Suez Industry converges on Calgary for IPC 2010 Pipeline convention down under Rehabilitation conference hits the target Get to the premier CO2 transportation event in June 2011 Solve the unpiggable pipeline puzzle in Houston this March Be the best in the business. events projects PIPE COATING DIVISION Incident and Injury Free® www. Suite 910 Houston. the publishers do not accept responsibility for the content of these contributions and the views contained therein which will not necessarily be the views of the publishers. However. strategically located at the crossroads of the world’s major shipping No matter how deep. no matter where. We make things happen.wascoenergy. by providing editorial material to Great Southern Press (GSP). The publishers do not accept responsibility for any claims made by 2 Pipelines International | December 2010 . alone or in combination with other material in any publication or format in print or online or howsoever distributed. we’re www. including text and images you are providing permission for that material to be subsequently used by GSP. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in writing. Texas 77079 United States of America Tel: +1 713 973 5773 Fax: +1 713 973 5777 Australia (Sales and Subscriptions) GPO Box 4967 Melbourne.pipelinesinternational. whole or in part. Wasco Energy. meet the best in the business issue 006 | December 2010 PIGGING 44 47 48 50 52 United Kingdom (Editorial and Technical) PO Box 21 Beaconsfield.

425 km of gas distribution pipelines.586 kPa. Meanwhile. and within a minute of stopping the gas flow at about 11:30 pm. improved processes and procedures. the pipeline’s specified maximum operating pressure (MOP) was 2. The over-protection valve. the electronic signal to the regulating valve for Line 132 was lost.662 kPa.492 kPa. but in many other cases around the world for varying lengths of time. There was also a complete circumferential fracture at the girth weld between the fourth and fifth pups in the ruptured segment. Pipelayers Swamp construction Oando supplies southeast Nigeria ISSN: 1837-1167 John Tiratsoo Editor-in-Chief 4 Pipelines International | December 2010 . and at 6:08 pm. With relation to encroachment. it is certainly not unknown for developers to have no idea that they are constructing new homes across hazardous pipelines. The longitudinal fracture in the first pup continued into the pipe.300 km of gas transmission pipelines. California. ISSUE 006 DECEMBER 2010 d up ALL WRAPPED UP Europe Cover shows construction works on the OPAL Pipeline in Germany. It will take some time for the NTSB investigation to establish the final cause of this incident. originally coated with hot-applied asphalt.662 kPa. and work hard to maintain safe distances and rights-of-way.375 inch wall-thickness was constructed in 1956. but the problem of how to manage a pipeline that was in the country and is now in the town is becoming seriously significant. and has rapidly set up considerable funding to help the residents of San Bruno. and tighter co-ordination with public agencies” according to a company statement. the SCADA system indicated that the pressure at PG&E’s Martin Station – downstream of the rupture location – exceeded 2. within one minute.689 kPa at about 6:00 pm. research and development. According to the operator.586 kPa and the maximum allowable operating pressure (MAOP) for the line was 2. resulting in the valve moving from partially open to fully open. PG&E has reacted fast and responsibly.from the editor M Editor-in-Chief: John Tiratsoo Associate Editor: Lyndsie Mewett Product Manager: Scott Pearce Journalists: Stephanie Clancy Sales Manager: Tim Thompson Senior Account Manager: David Marsh Sales Representative: David Entringer Design Manager: Michelle Bottger Designers: Lela Sablic Venysia Kurniawan Benjamin Lazaro Publisher: Chris Bland any were injured to various degrees and eight people died in the gas pipeline explosion at around 6:11 pm on 9 September in San Bruno. and was cathodically protected. as it had been designed to do. In this case since 1956. fires from escaping natural gas at damaged houses went out. The pipeline pressure then increased to 2. communities have expanded to spread into areas that were open countryside at the time of the pipeline’s construction. the resulting fire from the damaged pipeline self-extinguished. around 63 km southeast of the accident site. The effect of events such as these has the potential to impact surrounding communities in increasingly devastating ways. the pressure at Martin Station decreased to 2.759 kPa. PG&E dispatched a crew at 6:45 pm to isolate the ruptured pipe section by closing the nearest mainline valves. the UPS system supplied 7 volts or less to the SCADA system. the pressure dropped further to 1. a short while prior to the accident PG&E was working on its uninterruptable power supply (UPS) system at its Milpitas Terminal. and 10. Because of this anomaly. through a combination of targeted investments. releasing approximately 1. the pressure dropped to 2. the five areas of which “will strengthen the utility’s 67. and the downstream valve (at Healy Station) was closed at about 7:40 pm. Increased internal inspection. The 30 inch diameter X42 steel pipeline with 0. Vigilant operators are well aware of this issue. and a partial circumferential fracture at the girth weld between these two pups. The upstream valve was closed at about 7:20 pm.7 MMcm of gas. destroying 37 houses and damaging 18 more. The NTSB reports that its initial investigation of the pipe segments involved have shown that there were longitudinal fractures in the first and second pup of the ruptured segment. The issue of encroachment is certain to be a key industry issue now and in the future. The Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) Line 132 Pipeline ruptured at a road intersection in the small town in the southern suburbs of San Francisco. maintained the pressure at 2. at 6:11 pm. Later that evening. Once the ruptured section was isolated and the gas flow was stopped. The scenario is becoming every pipeline operator’s worst nightmare as owners and operators deal with issues of encroachment.662 kPa. At about 5:45 pm. The company has also introduced its Pipeline 2020 programme. According to the US National Transportation Safety Board’s (NTSB) preliminary review of the incident. The SCADA system showed that the pressure at the station continued to rise until it reached 2. the power supply from the UPS system to the SCADA system malfunctioned so that instead of supplying an output of 24 volts.999 kPa. which was pneumatically activated and did not require electronic input. route walking and overflying are all carried out. PG&E isolated the gas distribution system serving residences in the area. ending in a circumferential fracture in the middle of the pipe. The report states: During the course of this work.

Pipeline construction is The Norealis Pipeline route.000 bbl/d. Canada. The South of the River Truck Injection (SORTI) and Dunn projects will consist of the construction of a new 8 or 10 inch gathering pipeline system to expand the Enbridge North Dakota System. which delivers crude oil from several oil sands projects to the Edmonton mainline hub. (Line 26) by EEP. and Saskatchewan. 30 inch diameter Wood Buffalo Pipeline in Alberta. Saskatchewan. as will pre-qualification for the pipeline construction tender. RoW clearing is expected to begin in late 2011/early 2012.riopipeline. 2010 Submission Deadline CHEECHAM TERMINAL TWP-083 QUIGLEY PROPOSED NOREALIS PIPELINE WOODLAND PIPELINE-CONSTRUCTION TO BEGIN LATE 2010 WAUPISOO PIPELINE ATHABASCA PIPELINE September 2010 TWP-080 Christina River CHARD 881 Bohn Lake CONKLIN RGE-12W4 RGE-9W4 Christina Lake RGE-06W4 RGE-03W4 TWP-077 Norealis Pipeline Enbridge will construct a 112 km. which will involve the construction of a 72 km. Manitoba. and Manitoba. In North Dakota Enbridge has proposed the Beaver Lodge Loop Project. The pipeline’s planned in-service date is mid-2013. which will include the construction of approximately 266 km of crude oil pipeline in Canada and the USA. to the Enbridge terminal at Cromer. 16 inch diameter pipeline from Steelman. The looping pipeline is expected to increase the capacity along the 72 km segment to approximately 315. planned to begin in July 2012. Enbridge said that it is anticipated that the Canadian section of the project will begin construction mid-2012 and be completed and in-service in early 2013. starting approximately 72 km south of its Beaver Lodge Station.000 bbl/d. The new pipeline will parallel Enbridge’s existing Athabasca Pipeline between the Athabasca and Cheecham terminals. Tenders for the construction of the pipeline are expected to be announced early 2011. the origin point of Enbridge’s Waupisoo Pipeline. with the tender of the pipeline construction to occur in September 2011. PROPOSED NOREALIS PIPELINE PROJECT WOODLAND PUMPSTATION Rio Pipeline Conference & Exposition 2011 Athabasca River SUNRISE ENERGY SITE TWP-095 September 20-22 FORT MacKAY PROPOSED NEW TERMINAL ATHABASCA TERMINAL TWP-092 Steepbank River NOREALIS PIPELINE Rio de Janeiro • Brazil TWP-089 Bakken Expansion Programme Enbridge has launched a binding open season to solicit additional shipper interest in the Bakken Expansion Programme – a series of projects to expand crude oil pipeline capacity in North Dakota.: (+55 21) 2112-9000 Fax: (+55 21) 2220-1596 e-mail: riopipeline@ibp. to meet the crude oil transportation needs of Williston Basin 6 Pipelines International | December 2010 www. The project also consists of two new stations and the associated work to prepare for two new truck facilities. including added facilities in North Dakota. 11/10 Participation Organization / Realization Information: Phone. The estimated cost of the project is approximately $US475 million with an initial capacity of 90. expandable to 270. An application has been filed with the Alberta Energy Resources and Conservation Board and is pending regulatory approval. and subject to obtaining regulatory approval. and provide additional pipeline transportation services on its existing Regional Oil Sands System for up to . and the construction of two new pumping stations and enhancements of the pipeline north of Berthold. The pipeline will connect Enbridge’s Athabasca Terminal – situated adjacent to Suncor’s oil sands plant – to the Cheecham Terminal. The facilities are expected to be in-service in the latter half of 2013. It is expected that the project will begin construction in mid-2011 and be operational by early 2013. Tenders for both the US and Canadian portions of the project are expected to be announced between the second quarter of 2011 and the first quarter of 2012. will include an expansion of the US portion of the Portal Link Clearwater River FORT McMURRAY 69 Christina River Gordon Lake ANZAC Gregoire Lake 63 TWP-086 Call for Papers: December 17.000 bbl/d of diluted bitumen produced from Phase 1 of the Sunrise project. The proposed expansion of Line 26/EX-02. Canada.Around the world Enbridge set to expand North America’s crude oil pipeline network Enbridge will construct two new crude oil pipelines in Alberta. located in USA. 12 or 16 inch diameter looping pipeline along the existing Enbridge North Dakota System from the existing Beaver Lodge Station near Tioga to Berthold. right-of-way (RoW) clearing and crossings construction is expected to begin in the third quarter of 2011 with construction of the pipeline expected to begin in mid-2012. 24 inch diameter pipeline from Hartley to the company’s Cheecham Terminal as part of Husky’s Sunrise Oil Sands Project.000 bbl/d of oil. The Canadian portion of the Portal Link (Line EX-02) will be extended with the construction of a new 121 km. The project is expected to be completed by the first quarter of 2013. Tankage and new pump stations will also be constructed and the pipeline project will be undertaken by Enbridge Pipelines (North Dakota) LLC a subsidiary of Enbridge Energy Partners. The Wood Buffalo Pipeline Enbridge has entered into an agreement with Suncor Energy to construct the 95 km. Pre-qualification for the pump station and terminal facilities tenders will start in June 2011. starting with the Clearwater River crossing. and has also launched an open season through its subsidiaries for the Bakken Expansion Programme. totalling 206 km. Subject to obtaining regulatory approval. additional tankage at Cheecham. Under the contract Enbridge will also construct a new originating terminal at Hartley.

clarion. and a comprehensive project database. TRAINING January 25–28 January 31– February 4 January 31– February 4 Subsea Production Systems Engineering (Aberdeen) Defect Assessment in Pipelines (Amsterdam) In-line Inspection of Pipelines (Amsterdam) February 1– February 3 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Course (Amsterdam) Defect Assessment in Pipelines (Houston) February 14–15 February 14–15 February 14–15 February 14–15 February 14–15 February 14–15 February 14–15 February 14–15 March 17–18 March 21–25 DOT Pipeline Safety Regulations – Overview and Guidelines for Compliance (Houston) Pigging & In–line Inspection (Houston) Pipeline Repair Methods / In–Service Welding (Houston) Introduction to Excavation Inspection & Applied NDE for Pipeline Integrity Assessment (Houston) Performing Pipeline Rehabilitation (Houston) Stress Corrosion Cracking in Pipelines (Houston) Advanced Pipeline Risk Management (Houston) Microbiological Corrosion in Pipelines (Houston) Onshore Pipeline Engineering (Houston) April 25–29 April 25–29 Deepwater Riser Engineering Course (Houston) Subsea Pipeline Engineering Course (Houston) Training courses – 2011 MAR 2011 APR 2011 The new online information service that unlocks the secrets of the global pipeline industry Pipelines International Premium is the international oil and gas pipeline industry’s foremost in-depth source of information. Leighton will install and commission approximately 20 km of in-field pipelines and the shore crossing for a third pipeline to be installed during future expansions. In addition. procurement and construction contract with Iraq’s South Oil Company to install 120 km of onshore and offshore pipelines and three single point moorings in the Persian Gulf. Leighton Offshore will also be responsible for the: • Installation of SPMs complete with subsea pipeline end manifolds. and. Leighton Offshore will use its vessels. he scope of work to be carried out under the contract includes the installation and commissioning of two 48 inch diameter parallel pipelines. Clarion and Tiratsoo Technical are privileged to provide some of the best available industry based technical training courses for those working in the oil and gas pipeline industry. JAN 2011 FEB 2011 Leighton Offshore’s Stealth vessel. and forms a major part of the South Oil Company’s strategic redevelopment programme for Iraq. which will link the new Fao onshore terminal to the new single point moorings (SPMs).pipelinesinternational. The project will provide enhanced export facilities from the Fao Terminal near Al Basrah. Eclipse. which will be used to complete work for SOC in the Persian Gulf.Around the world Leighton awarded pipelay contract offshore Iraq Leighton Offshore has signed an engineering. Stealth and Mynx. offshore Iraq. Are you up to speed? 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 T • Fabrication and installation of a subsea valve manifold.5 MMbbl/d of oil. • Dredging works to achieve pipeline burial. Complete syllabus and registration details for each course are available at: www. to complete the project. with 10 km onshore and 40 km offshore. The contract forms part of the Iraq Crude Oil Export Expansion Project which is developing offshore loading facilities to enable export capability of 4. Subscribe or get a free 14 day trial now at 8 Pipelines International | December 2010 . comprising a digest of high-quality papers covering the latest technology and reviews of the pipeline industry worldwide. both onshore and 2011 Working with a faculty of some 38 leading industry experts.

Hocol (0. six block valve platforms. modernise and restore the technical integrity of the facilities. he proposed Bicentennial Pipeline will be owned and operated by newly-formed company.96 per cent). Spread A involved the construction of a 49 km pipeline. procurement and construction contact has closed and that the contract will be awarded soon. Another 44 river and creek crossings of various sizes required extensive dredging activities. and traverses five neighbourhoods consisting of approximately 100 communities in both the Bayelsa and Rivers states in the Niger Delta region. The pipeline will consist of 42 inch and 36 inch diameter pipe. and. A new company has been incorporated in Colombia to construct and operate a new oil pipeline. Benefiting the community The replacement project is being undertaken by a joint venture comprising of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (55 per cent).88 per cent). and have a capacity of 450. The first stage includes the laying of 226 km of pipe from Araguaney to Banadia as well as infrastructure upgrades at the port of Coveñas. Total E&P Nigeria Ltd (10 per cent) and the Nigerian Agip Oil Company Ltd (5 per cent). 44 km segment. The Nembe Creek Pipeline construction is currently the largest single project under the SPDC joint venture’s ongoing asset integrity programme that has replaced more than 1. while the final stage will see construction of the 310 km section from Ayacucho to Coveñas. The existing line is now to be decommissioned. Stage two of the project will see 387 km of pipe laid from Banadía to Ayacuch. four pig traps and associated piping.2 billion. the longest being approximately 1. The installation required six major river crossings. The new line runs parallel to the existing Nembe Creek Pipeline.3 MMbbl/d in 2013. and security of the pipeline has been improved to stop crude oil theft. Oleoducto Bicentenario de Colombia. SPDC Ltd (30 per cent). Petrominerales (9. Ecopetrol’s Executive Downstream Vice President Pedro Rosales said “The production forecasts of recent years have been far exceeded by reality due to the increase in investments in exploration and production in Colombia and a success rate higher than expected. which transports crude oil from the Bonny Export Terminal to Nigeria’s Atlantic coast as part of a programme to replace ageing pipelines in the Niger River delta. River Niger Building an export industry Colombia’s crude oil production forecast for 2010–15 shows that the country’s total production will continue to increase rapidly to figures of nearly 1. consisting of the 12 inch diameter. 10 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 11 . • 44 km of 24 inch diameter pipeline from Nembe Creek to San Bartholomew.” This increase has necessitated the upgrade of existing pipeline infrastructure as well as the construction of new export pipelines to export the oil. The entire project is estimated to cost $US4.000 km of major pipelines and flowlines in the last five years. considered one of the most prospective regions in Colombia. Map of the proposed Bicentennial Pipeline.000 bbl/d of crude oil. and the fabrication and site installation of one main tie-in manifold. An Ecopetrol spokesperson said that the bidding for the engineering.1 km. The location of Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria’s Bonny Export Terminal. which will run from the Casanare Department to the port of Coveñas in order to facilitate oil exports from the Llanos region. This section is located in the harsh mangrove swamp terrain of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.5 per cent each). Awoba. The project will be constructed in three stages. Pacific Rubiales (32. The shareholders of the company are Ecopetrol (55 per cent).Around the world Around the world Colombia moves toward construction of its longest oil pipeline Maintaining Nigeria’s pipeline integrity Nestoil has completed commissioning activities on Spread A of the 97 km Nembe Creek Oil Pipeline. within an expanded right-of-way (RoW). The replacement pipeline has a greater capacity than the existing pipeline to accommodate a planned production increase. The pipeline is expected to be operational by 2012. C&C Energía.65 per cent). T T he existing Nembe Creek trunkline collects crude oil from 14 oil pumping stations across the Nembe Creek. Ekulama and San Bartholomew oil fields and transport it to the Cawthorne Channel field and Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) of Nigeria’s Bonny Export Terminal for dehydration and export. the replacement project was initiated to improve. The contract for Spread B of the pipeline – 46 km of 30 inch diameter pipeline from San Bartholomew to Cawthorne Channel – was awarded to Saipem in 2007. Rancho Hermoso – Canacol Energy Ltd and Vetra Exploracion & Produccion Colombia SAS (0. The project involved the construction of three sections of pipeline including: • 5 km of 12 inch diameter pipeline from the Nembe Creek III manifold to the Nembe Creek tie-in manifold. Krakama. • 46 km of 30 inch diameter pipeline from San Bartholomew to Cawthorne Channel. 5 km segment and the 24 inch diameter. vandalism and agerelated deterioration. As a result of deterioration in the integrity of the existing trunkline due to the harsh Niger Delta environment.

GSPL holds a 52 per cent interest in the consortium. “We are very satisfied with the progress of the construction work so far. we are on schedule. Indian Oil Corporation has a 26 per cent stake.pipeinst. A significant portion of the construction work in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania and Saxony is expected to be completed toward the end of the year. we are on schedule. There are currently 2.Around the world Around the world OPAL – Germany’s pipeline gem Construction crews on the Ostsee Pipeline Anbindungs Leitung (OPAL).670 km Mehsana – Bhatinda Pipeline. which will connect Germany and Europe to the major natural gas reserves in Siberia via the Nord Stream Pipeline.585 km Mallavaram – Bhilwara Pipeline will transport gas from the D6 gas fields in the Krishna Godavari Basin on the east coast of Andhra Pradesh to Bhilwara in Rajasthan. “Despite the long winter and difficult weather conditions at the start of the year.ON Ruhrgas AG. The consortium expects to commission both pipelines between 2013 and mid-2014.3 billion each. Mr Muth is confident that the pipeline will be completed on schedule. The pipeline will have the capacity to transport 30 MMcm/d of Pipeline works underway on the OPAL Pipeline. which will connect west India to the north of the country and will transport a T he 470 km OPAL project is being built by Wingas on behalf of OPAL NEL Transport GmbH and E. With a 56 inch diameter and a capacity of 36 Bcm/a. We want to bring OPAL on stream in October 2011 together with the Nord Stream Pipeline.” he said. have reached the Czech Republic border – a year after the commencement of construction. We want to bring OPAL on stream in October 2011 together with the Nord Stream Pipeline.” – opal net transport managing director bernd vogel mix of domestic and imported gas.” said Wingas Chief Construction Manager Michael Muth. It will run from the German Baltic Sea coast through Mecklenburg-West Pomerania.” said Managing Director of OPAL NEL Transport Bernd Vogel. “The topsoil has been removed from more than 400 km of the pipeline track. 27 rail lines and 39 rivers and streams before completing the construction work.500 people working on the entire pipeline track between Greifswald and the Ore Mountains. he 1. four highways. The pipelines are expected to cost $US1. PIP_HPH. over 400 km of pipe has been welded together. The builders will have to cross 172 roads. “We have already begun recultivating the farmland in some areas. Brandenburg and Saxony to the Czech Republic. GSPL to construct India’s two longest pipelines India’s Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) has awarded a contract to a consortium led by Gujarat State Petronet Ltd (GSPL) to build and operate two cross-country natural gas pipelines. and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited and Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited each hold interests of 11 per cent. The GSPL consortium has also been awarded the contract to construct and operate the 1. The global organization for oil and gas pipeline engineers • Recognizing your skills and status • Providing a professional network • Promoting pipeline engineering SIGN UP TODAY! www. GSPL’s pipeline network in India.indd 1 22/11/10 5:38 PM 12 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 13 . detailing the progress of construction work. the OPAL Pipeline is the largest natural gas pipeline to be laid in Europe.” T Despite the long winter and difficult weather conditions at the start of the year.

which connects the gas transmission systems of the two neighbouring European countries. With a planned capacity of 2. the 1. The pipeline project involves the construction of a Pipelines International | December 2010 14 Pipelines International | December 2010 15 . Construction on the South Stream Pipeline has begun in the southeastern Serbian town of Nis.. Leighton Offshore wins pipeline contract Leighton Offshore has signed an engineering procurement and construction contract with Iraq’s South Oil Company for the installation and commissioning of two 48 inch diameter parallel pipelines. which is anticipated to be completed in 2013.pipelinesinternational. and then on to Vranje. Turkmenistan and Iraq. China National Petroleum Corporation will build and operate the pipeline. procurement and construction contract for 72 km of export pipelines associated with a new gas processing plant to be built in California. which included sourcing gas from Iran.300 km Nabucco Pipeline. Uttarakhand and to industrial customers in Moradabad. The project is scheduled for completion in the first half of 2012. Construction commences on South Stream Pipeline in Serbia Willbros to build export pipelines CB&I has awarded Willbros Group an engineering. to supply gas into the proposed 3. located in southwest China's Yunnan Province. GAIL commences construction of new gas pipeline The Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) has commenced construction of its Karanpur – Moradabad – Kashipur – Rudrapur Pipeline at Kashipur in wrap world wrap Arad – Szeged gas pipeline inaugurated Hungarian company FGSZ and Romania’s Transgaz have inaugurated the 109 km Arad – Szeged Pipeline. In addition. Construction kicks off on Chinese section of Myanmar – China Pipeline Construction has begun on the Chinese portion of the Myanmar – China Pipeline project in Anning City. USA. following a Steering Committee Meeting.500 km gas pipeline running between the two countries. with 10 km onshore and 40 km offshore in the Persian Gulf. offshore Iraq. To stay informed on all this news and more. Agreements signed for TAPI Pipeline Representatives of the four countries involved in the Turkmenistan – Afghanistan – Pakistan – India (TAPI) gas pipeline project have signed a Heads of Agreement (HoA) for a Gas Sales Purchase Agreement. The 120 km Serbian section of the pipeline will transport gas 52 km from Nis to Leskovac. Leighton will install and commission approximately 20 km of infield pipelines and the shore crossing for a third pipeline to be installed during future expansions.5 MMcm/d of gas. the pipeline will supply gas to a planned power plant in Kashipur. The Nis to Leskovac section is expected to be completed by May 2011. to be owned and operated by Occidental of Elk Hills Inc.402 km oil pipeline and a 2. The four countries have also signed a Gas Pipeline Framework Agreement. The new gas plant. A decision on the feeder pipelines was made after the project’s shareholders agreed on a modification of the original feeder line concept. which was held in Turkmenistan. will be constructed by CB&I. The planned routes of the feeder pipelines offer a wide range of supply sources for the pipeline. Valued at more than $US3 billion. The pipeline received €17 million from the European Union as part of the European Energy Economic Recovery Programme budget. Georgia and Iraq to feed Nabucco Pipeline Two pipelines are planned to be constructed to the Turkish – Georgian border and the Turkish – Iraqi border respectively. which will receive gas from Azerbaijan. subscribe to the Pipelines International Update ›› www. The new pipeline will extend 182 km from a point at Karanpur on GAIL’s 24 inch diameter Auraiya – Sahajahanpur – Babrala – Dadri Pipeline to Rudrapur. Kashipur and Rudrapur.680 km TAPI gas pipeline will have a total transmission capacity of 90 MMcm/d of gas.

will also be a special focus. R. CenterPoint Energy Albert Van Roodselaar. PIPELINE LENGTH: 1. PIPELINE LENGTH: 169 km PIPELINE CAPACITY: 30–33 Bcm/a of gas EXPECTED COMPLETION DATE: Late 2012 PROMOTER: Nord Stream AG. 140 21 Prague 4 – Nusle. which will extend from Gokak in Belgaum District. The focus will be on existing. EXPECTED COMPLETION DATE: Mid-2011 Houston Marriott Westchase Hotel CONFERENCE ORGANIZERS B.000 bbl/d. New Delhi 110066. The valves will be installed in Germany and Russia at either end of the pipeline. PROJECT SCOPE: The 124 km. new. Tappalkatti Harva. which will transport oil through North Dakota to regional markets. two of the world’s heaviest ball valves have arrived in Greifswald. PROJECT UPDATE: The Castoro Dieci.224 km PIPELINE CAPACITY: 55 Bcm/a of gas EXPECTED COMPLETION DATE: The first pipeline is scheduled to be operational in 2011. Palmaner. Punj Lloyd has been awarded the construction contracts for seven of the ten spreads.400 km PIPELINE CAPACITY: 16 MMcm/d of gas EXPECTED COMPLETION DATE: March 2012 PLATUINUM SPONSOR UNLOCK THE UNPIGGABLE! This two-day forum will address capabilities and guidance concerning tools for corrosion and mechanical damage inspection of ‘unpiggable’ oil. 16 Bhikaiji Cama Place. s. Karnataka to Goa and from Sulivara in the South Bangalore District. and developing in-line tools as well as those in research and development. Tiratsoo Technical 16 Pipelines International | December 2010 Call +1 713 521 5929 or visit www. Jirkov. PECO Energy Drew Hevle. Designed to follow a route along existing gas pipelines. has reached German waters off the island of Rügen to continue laying the pipeline towards Bornholm. Clarion Technical Conferences John Tiratsoo.clarion. Znamenka. Gannaikanahalli. Chevron Energy Technology Nord Stream Pipeline Gazelle Pipeline PROMOTER: NET4GAS. for the Gazelle gas pipeline. Gullur. with the possibility of expanding capacity to 110. Andrew Pulsifer.project Briefs Project briefs Dabhol – Bangalore Natural Gas Pipeline PROMOTER: Gas Authority India Limited (GAIL). where it will enter the European energy grid. P-PIC PROGRAM ADVISORY COMMITTEE Mark Andraka. TransCanada Pipelines Garry Matocha. Meanwhile. . Advances and best practices in guided-wave technologies will also comprise a significant part of the program. the second one in 2012. El Paso Corp. Four Bears Pipeline PROMOTER: Bridger Pipeline. PO Drawer 2360. Kasari. Denmark. PROJECT SCOPE: The Gazelle Pipeline will bring Russian gas to the Czech Republic via interconnections with the OPAL and Nord Stream pipelines. 12 inch diameter Four Bears oil pipeline will originate approximately 25 km west of the Four Bears Bridge on the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation and connect with another line approximately 30 km northwest of Dickinson. Tel: +1 307 237 9301. Tel: +420 220 221 111. Puram. All works associated with construction of the pipeline from Dabhol to Bangalore have been divided into ten spreads. North Dakota. Tel: + 7 495 229 65 85. comprising 820 km of the pipeline. Svinomazy and Primda. Moscow. which is currently under construction. 119019. The 102 t through-conduit valves were engineered and manufactured in Italy for the Nord Stream consortium by Petrolvalves Srl. Lowe. especially for pipeline segments that cannot be taken out of service when these tools suggest a need for further integrity inspections. PIPELINE LENGTH: 124 km PIPELINE CAPACITY: Initial capacity of 60. Wyoming 82602. Chittoor. Live-line access techniques. Spectra Energy Bryan Melan. PROJECT UPDATE: NET4GAS has begun construction on a new border transfer station in Brandov. the Castoro Sei. Building 3. PIPELINE LENGTH: 1.000 bbl/d of oil. Sarajapur. Gadag.o. has laid 27 km of the Nord Stream Pipeline in the Bay of Greifswald. PROJECT SCOPE: The 48 inch diameter twin-line Nord Stream Gas Pipeline system will transport 55 Bcm/a of gas from Russia to Germany. Karnataka to Bangalore.r. Kattivakkam to Chennai. USA.K. 7. PROJECT UPDATE: North Dakota’s Public Service Commission has approved the 124 km pipeline. Casper. A second vessel. will extend 169 km from Brandov to the border transfer station Rozvadov/Waidhaus. PROJECT UPDATE: GAIL has awarded pipeline construction contracts for the natural gas pipeline. Contact us today for information on registration or about sponsorship & exhibiting options. The pipeline.J. Richard Kania. PROGRAM CHAIRMAN Dr. Czech Republic. Marathon Oil Co. Included in these are two spur lines. gas and hazardous liquids pipelines. the Gazelle Pipeline will be connected to the Czech Republic’s gas system via interconnections at Brandov. Na Hrebenech II 1718/8. PROJECT SCOPE: This 1. Russia. Two spreads have been awarded to KSS-KSSIIPL Consortium and the remaining spread has been awarded to Advance Stimul Consortium. Czech Republic. combined with low-flow restriction robotic and wire-line-powered internal inspection tools.400 km long pipeline will run from Dabhol through Kinjalkarvadi. Keith Leewis. a pipelay vessel designed to lay pipes in shallow waters. India.

The website has over 25. contact Tim Thompson via email: tthompson@gs-press. the European Commission announced €1. Brown & Root and its predecessor companies in a variety of roles. Cat Financial Territory Manager Anthony Zaccari will be taking over the pipeline financing business effective 1 November 2010. Works underway on the Medgaz Pipeline. For information about job advertisement rates. Black Sea. Want to advertise your vacant positions? Pipelines International Has created an online jobs portal: www.” Currently there are a number of pipeline projects proposed or under construction to increase delivery of Russian gas to European markets. content-rich information portal for the pipeline industry. The pipeline will establish a direct link between Russia’s vast gas the latest news. TDW joins forces with Offshore Independents BV TDW Offshore Services (TDW) has joined forces with Offshore Independents BV to offer integrated solutions for companies interested in securing a full range of pipeline services and emergency pipeline repair systems from a single LET US KNOW YOUR NEWS! The route of the Interconnection Turkey Greece Italy Pipeline. to ensure that the projects are developed without delay. Katok named Willbros Upstream International Operations Senior Vice President John M. Peru. stated in its 2010 report entitled On the implementation of the transEuropean energy networks in the period 2007–09 “Europe’s future economic growth and stability depend on timely and adequate investments in energy infrastructure.” said Offshore Independents Commercial Director Dirk Rook. responsible for proposing legislation for the benefit of the European Union (EU). the Centre’s Deputy Director Katinka Barysch noted “Russia is the world’s largest gas producer. He was responsible for leading the relatively new retail energy services business unit to profitability. Katok has been named Willbros Upstream International Operations Senior Vice President. “Together we offer a truly comprehensive range of special services to the world’s pipeline industry. and Ural Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean. and various US and Canadian locations. and will deliver gas to Belgium. the United Kingdom. E Bringing gas from Russia In the introduction to a collection of essays published by the Centre for European Reform titled Pipelines Politics and Power. and the Czech Republic. The Pipelines International jobs portal is the latest addition to the suite of pipeline industry resources that make up Pipelines International online. and the European gas transportation systems. each with a capacity of 27. The two are Pipelines International encourages pipeline industry companies to advertise jobs through the website as it is a targeted. As the place to begin for magazine issues. which involves the construction of two offshore parallel 48 inch pipelines. Germany. urope is the second smallest of the seven continents by surface area. extending west from the Dardanelles. ensuring a diverse source of petroleum imports has been a key theme in the European Union’s energy security strategy.J. Gordie Tieberg. in addition to core inspection. Denmark. Mr Tieberg has been working closely with PLM as the Cat Financial International Account Manager in charge of pipeline business globally since PLM was established in 2005. I’ll do my best. Pipelines International provides a review of the major pipeline projects currently proposed or under construction in the region. via Portovaya Bay in Russia. the directory. The EU is the world’s biggest gas market.” said Mr Hua. while Li Fanrong was appointed as new company President. Mr Katok joins Willbros after two years with Global Industries where he served as Worldwide Business Development Senior Vice President and earlier as Middle East Business Unit Vice President. The Commission said that the selected projects reflect the need to better interconnect all EU member states and reduce the isolation of the more remote nations – such as the three Baltic states. Energy security and pipeline politics in Europe Europe currently imports 54 per cent of its energy needs each year. such as the Nabucco and Galsi pipelines. He joins the management team at PLM and will hold responsibility for the sales team and machine business in the United States and Canada. Mr Katok also held the position of Technip US Commercial Operations Vice President for five years and spent 25 years with Kellogg. pipeline-related jobs. but has continued in his position as Chairman of the Board. France. Letwin has retired from his positions with Enbridge and its affiliate companies. 18 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 19 . Yang Hua. Dirk Rook. Mr Letwin joined Enbridge as President and Chief Operating Officer of Energy Services in 1999. Mr Hua resigned from his current role as President and Chief Financial Officer. John M.” said Enbridge President and Chief Executive Officer Patrick D. France.pipes and people Region Review Pipes & people Enbridge’s Stephen J. Germany. a figure set to rise as its indigenous petroleum resources decline. The two companies have agreed that there is a gap in the market for an organisation that offers pipeline recertification and project management services. for me to carry on the success of CNOOC. For the past 16 years he has been co-ordinating international business news@pipelinesinternational.390 million in grants to over 30 gas projects throughout Europe. the Pipelines International website is a hightraffic. the EU and Russia should have a well-developed energy or call +61 3 9248 5100. Logically. He has more than 30 years of equipment sales and financing experience.J. cost-effective way to highlight your available positions to the rest of the industry.224 km Nord Stream Pipeline.5 Bcm/a. Mr Hua said that he has been honoured to have worked under the leadership of Mr Fu. The European Commission.000 page impressions each month. Ireland and Malta – and that the funding programme also responds to the need for greater security of gas supplies by supporting projects for reverse flow in nine member states as well as the pipeline projects aimed at diversifying gas imports.pipelinesinternational. Mr Letwin currently serves as Enbridge Gas Transportation & International Executive Vice President and holds Managing Director roles at Enbridge Energy Company and Enbridge Energy Management. and deliver long-term return to shareholders.” In March 2010. technical information and more. While a number of pipeline projects have been proposed to bring oil and gas from energy-rich neighbour Russia. Yang Hua has been appointed as the company’s new Chief Executive Officer and new Vice Chairman of the Board. Austria. Construction is underway on the 1. and peruse specific. Daniel. including pipelines. The new Pipelines International jobs website allows for job-seekers in the pipeline industry to search for and apply for jobs via region. In this role. “It is a privilege as well as responsibility New Sales Manager at PLM Gordie Tieberg has assumed the position of PipeLine Machinery International (PLM) Sales Manager in North America. Continued on page 20 ›› Changes in senior management at CNOOC The board of directors of CNOOC Limited has advised that Fu Chengyu has resigned from his role as Chief Executive Officer of the company. at Caterpillar offices in Chile. Mr Katok will be responsible for the company’s upstream international business development and operations outside the United States and Canada. “Steve Letwin has been a significant contributor over his 11 years as a member of Enbridge’s leadership team. repair and maintenance services. Letwin to retire Stephen J. the Netherlands.

are slow and that conclusion will be postponed to 2011. Bulgarian Energy Holding. and only then will it make a final decision. Construction is underway on the OPAL Pipeline in Germany. The Interconnection Turkey Greece Italy (ITGI) will allow Italy and the rest of Europe to import natural gas from the Caspian Sea and the Middle East. the NEL Pipeline will create a Greifswald–Bunde connection. All environmental authorisations are in place for the project. which includes a 285 km Algeria – Sardinia section. citing the current political situation in Iran. Gazprom’s proposed South Stream Pipeline will include a 900 km offshore section traversing the Black Sea from the Beregovaya compressor station on Russia’s southwest coast to the Bulgarian coast. Bulgaria’s Council of Ministers released a statement immediately following the Prime Minister’s statement to clarify the Government’s position.Region Review Region Review Possible Nabucco – IGI link German utility and Nabucco Pipeline stakeholder RWE has proposed to link the Nabucco Pipeline to the proposed Interconnector Greece – Italy (IGI). The pipeline is on schedule to start transporting gas from Russia to customers in the EU in late 2011. one at Komotini and one at Nea Mesimbria. to the Ust–Luga terminal on the Gulf of Finland. the other one being the Norddeutsche Erdgas Leitung (NEL) Pipeline. ‹‹ Continued FROM page 19 At the landfalls at Portovaya Bay. However. and construction is expected to start in 2013. known as the Poseidon project. with first gas expected to flow by the end of 2014. Depending on the timely approval of the environmental studies by the governments of Greece and Bulgaria. and the rest of Europe. Increasing energy supplies from Algeria The proposed Galsi Pipeline project aims at connecting Algerian gas resources to the Italian and European markets through a new route via Sardinia and the Italian mainland. construction on the pipeline is scheduled to commence by November 2013 with a scheduled commissioning date of the second quarter of 2016. which will transport gas from Nis to Leskovac and then on to Vranje. Serbia. while the detailed marine survey tender is being finalised. Construction of the offshore pipeline was completed on schedule by Saipem. Lowering-in activities underwa y on the OPAL Pipeline.ON Ruhrgas AG and is scheduled to come on stream in October 2011. DEPA and Edison have entered discussions with natural gas suppliers in the Caspian area. Front-end engineering and design work commenced in April 2010 and the service control verification and implementation study commenced in July 2010. Greece and Italy following the inauguration of the 296 km Turkey – Greece Pipeline in 2007. and is one of two pipeline projects proposed to connect the Nord Stream Pipeline to the existing pipeline grid in middle and Western Europe. The pipeline is designed to transport up to 8 Bcm/a of gas from Beni Saf on the Algerian coast to Almería. The offshore section of the IGI. to supply gas into the proposed pipeline. The pipeline will run from Turkey to Austria. near the Russia–Belarus border. Vyborg. Allseas’ Solitaire. both strings of the pipeline have also already been constructed and pulled ashore. It will operate at a pressure of 10. The pipeline promoters are understood to have decided against constructing a feeder line to the Turkish – Iranian border. Head of International Pipeline Projects at Nabucco shareholder company OMV Michael Ulbrich said “Talks with the main supplier country. Continued on page 22 ›› 20 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 21 . The 42 inch diameter pipeline will have a capacity of 15 Bcm/a of gas and will includes the construction of two compressor stations. Construction works are on schedule for the 470 km Ostsee Pipeline AnbindungsLeitung (OPAL) in Germany. From Bulgaria the pipeline will transport up to 63 Bcm/a of natural gas to south and central Europe. and at the German Landfall at Lubmin. Hungary. Commissioning is underway on the 210 km Medgaz Pipeline. the total length of the pipeline project is estimated to increase to approximately 4. which will consist of a new 210 km offshore pipeline that will connect the Greek and Italian natural gas transportation systems and a 590 km pipeline to be constructed onshore in Greece. Operation is planned for 2012–13. The Gjøa platform. Together with MIDAL. specifically Azerbaijan.” A spokesperson for Greece’s Deputy Minister of Environment.824 m. will complete the natural gas corridor through Turkey. Construction of the 56 inch diameter Nabucco Pipeline is scheduled to begin by the end of 2011. Energy and Climate Change said that the final investment decision is expected to be taken during the second half of 2011 after the approval of the environmental studies. while the Saipem 7000 laid the portion of the pipe in the deepwater section down to 2. Depending on the exact routes of the proposed feeder lines. The Medgaz Pipeline is a strategic project for Algeria. The NEL Pipeline is a planned 440 km natural gas pipeline in Germany. The oil pipeline project involves the transportation of Russian and Caspian oil from the Bulgarian Black Sea port of Burgos to the Greek Aegean port of Alexandroupoli. and it is estimated that 11 compressor stations will be constructed along the pipeline. The preliminary environmental impact statement for the Greek section of the Burgos – Alexandroupolis Pipeline – also known as the Trans-Balkan Pipeline – was approved in August 2010. located in the Norwegian North Sea. for the supply that will be transmitted through the pipeline system. the consortium announced the feeder line concept for the project in which two pipelines will be constructed to the Turkish – Georgian border and the Turkish – Iraqi border respectively.170 km Second Baltic Pipeline System (BPS-2). BOTAS and RWE. Slovenia. Construction on the Galsi Pipeline is scheduled to begin in 2011. The OPAL Pipeline is being built by Wingas on behalf of OPAL NEL Transport and E. The Castoro Sei pipelay vessel laid the offshore section corresponding to the shallow areas up to a depth of 550 m. without requiring transit through third countries. with a commissioning date anticipated for late 2015. According to RWE the connection of the two pipelines would open Greece and Italy to the secure and stable transportation route of Nabucco. Connecting to the petroleum resources of the Caspian The final investment decision for the Nabucco Pipeline has been delayed until 2011 because a formal agreement has not been completed to secure gas supply from Azerbaijan. The Gjøa Pipeline is nearing completion to enable gas export from this platform.” In August. Azerbaijan. Construction is scheduled to begin in 2012 and it is anticipated that the pipeline will be brought online in mid-2015. after it reached the 960 km point in September. Brandenburg and Saxony to the Czech Republic. Despite this. “The Bulgarian Government hasn’t made a final decision regarding the construction of the Burgos – Alexandroupolis Oil Pipeline. either in Turkey via a short interconnector or in Bulgaria through the Bulgaria-Greece Interconnector. Intergovernmental agreements have been signed with Bulgaria. Image courtesy of Statoil. Project shareholders include OMV Gas&Power. Bulgaria and Hungary. Bulgaria’s Prime Minister Boyko Borisov has created uncertainty over Bulgaria’s commitment to the pipeline after he announced in June 2010 that Bulgaria would not take part in the pipeline. The respective engineering works have been ordered for the two feeder lines. The final investment decision for the 800 km Interconnector Greece – Italy (IGI) is expected to be made in December 2010. The Castoro Sei pipelay vessel has commenced pipelaying activities in Danish waters after picking up the pipeline in German waters where the flat-bottomed Castoro Dieci pipelay vessel had completed the difficult shallow-water section at and near the German landfall ahead of schedule. Serbia has commenced construction on a 120 km pipeline. It would be an alternative route for Russian oil bypassing the Bosporus and the Dardanelles. near Greifswald in Germany.160 m. The pipeline will run from the German Baltic Sea coast through Mecklenburg-West Pomerania. has reached the Finnish Exclusive Economic Zone after completing a key section of the pipeline in Russian waters. The overall length of the system is 851 km. Greece. a 272 km onshore Sardinia section and a 280 km section from Sardinia – Tuscany. Gazprom’s proposed South Stream Pipeline will include a 900 km offshore section traversing the Black Sea from the Beregovaya compressor station on Russia’s southwest coast to the Bulgarian coast. Croatia and Austria in order to implement the project’s onshore section beyond Russia. Thessaloniki. A feasibility study is scheduled to be completed in early 2011.000 km. Importing Russian oil Russian firm Transneft is continuing construction of the 1. It will connect the Nord Stream Pipeline with the existing Rehden – Hamburg and MIDAL gas pipelines. Construction of the project commenced in June 2009 and is expected to be completed in early 2012. supplying natural gas directly from Algeria. MOL. At the other end of the pipeline. and will see pipeline constructed at depths of 2. which will run from Greifswald to Rehden. It is anticipated to connect with the proposed South Stream Pipeline. The invitations of tender for the construction work of the NEL Pipeline are currently underway. The majority of pipeline works are scheduled to be completed during 2011–12 and the pipeline is expected to come online in 2012. crossing Romania. RWE said that it would be possible to connect IGI to Nabucco at two points. Bulgaria is going to wait for the completion of the environmental assessment of the oil pipeline. The BPS-2 will extend from the Unecha junction of the Druzhba Pipeline. The tender for pipe supply is progressing after completion of the pre-qualification stage. the world’s largest pipelay vessel. Two possible routes are under review for South Stream’s onshore section from Bulgaria – one heading northwest and the other heading southwest. A map of the Burgos – Alexandroupolis Pipeline Project.000 kPa. Spain. The pipeline is planned to have a total capacity of 8 Bcm/a. and is expected to have a capacity of 31 Bcm/a. The onshore section of the Turkey – Greece – Italy pipeline that remains to be implemented in Greece will be constructed by Greece’s public gas corporation DEPA’s subsidiary The Hellenic Gas Transmission System Operator (DESFA) and will run approximately 590 km from Komotini to the IGI Poseidon metering station in Thesprotia. Transgaz. Spain.

and Serbia’s Minister for Mining and Energy Petar Skundric have signed a joint statement paving the way for the proposed 180 km Bulgaria – Serbia Gas Pipeline. which lies about 40 km north of the Fram field. The project may be re-launched if commercial conditions become more favourable in the future. to Trieste in Italy. to Great Britain’s Far North Liquids and Associated Gas System (FLAGS). however no tender for construction works has been announced. The Netherlands’ state-owned infrastructure company N. and on to Sweden and Denmark. the Middle East. and 86. Greece and Albania. PEOP is a newer manifestation of a project formerly known as the Constanta – Pancevo – Omisalj –Trieste Pipeline. which includes a 700 km offshore section to be constructed across the Black Sea in water depths in excess of 2.320 km pipeline to transport crude oil from the Caspian and Black Sea region to the PanEuropean Oil Pipeline (PEOP). which would include the construction of a pipeline to transport gas from Azerbaijan to Georgia’s Black Sea coast. and cross Albania and the Adriatic Sea. The Baltic Pipe – aimed at connecting the Danish and Polish gas systems to Norwegian gas resources – has been delayed after the Skanled Pipeline project was suspended. Traversing a total distance of 520 km. and Africa – and to transport it onward to the United Kingdom. Norway. Despite the result the company will analyse further alternatives to have the Slovakia – Hungary Interconnector project potentially financed and constructed in another way. The project is currently at the front-end engineering design stage. Germany. on the Belgian border. The project is currently on schedule for a final investment decision towards the end of Getting (inter)connected Some of the pipeline projects proposed or underway to connect Europe’s gas transmission system: • FGSZ declared the results of binding Open Season for the Slovakia – Hungary Interconnector as unsuccessful for the Hungarian part of the planned interconnection. The shorter section runs from a new compressor station at Wijngaarden in the centre of the country to an export station at Zelzate in the southwest. TAP’s construction schedule aligns with the development of the Shah Deniz gas field in Azerbaijan. The length of the pipeline is estimated to be 1. Azerbaijan and Georgia have signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the Azerbaijan – Georgia – Romania Interconnection (AGRI) LNG Project. before terminating near Brindisi. 48 inch diameter. Once production commences at the Gjøa platform the pipeline will be used to export the gas. Involved is a network of 15. originally anticipated to enter into operation in 2010. Nederlandse Gasunie is currently working on the Dutch Government’s ‘gas roundabout’ concept.000 km highpressure gas pipelines. 22 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 23 . Serbia and cross the border near Dimitrovgrad in Bulgaria – and would be the first interconnector between the transmission systems of Bulgaria and Serbia. The three European gas exporters Other than Russia. northern Germany and eastern Denmark is currently under review. and would have an estimated capacity of 2. to Schinnen in the south. has led to a delay in the project. Exploring the North Sea First gas has begun to flow through the Gjøa Gas Pipeline. France. The 28 inch pipeline runs 130 km from the Gjøa/Vega fields to the tie-in point with the Shell-operated FLAGS Pipeline.5 Bcm/a of gas. The 160 km IGB. particularly for the Black Sea crossing. the project was suspended in April 2009 due to increased commercial risk combined with the global economic developments that have given an uncertain view on future gas demand. The idea is to combine gas from Dutch and German fields within the Gasunie pipeline network with gas from other international sources – including Russia. Meanwhile. • The proposed Poland – Lithuania gas pipeline would link the Baltic states of Estonia. through Turkey. including an 860 km offshore section. The planned pipeline will go from Karsto. and Norway are the only European countries which are net exporters of natural gas – their annual export volumes being 5. The Skanled Pipeline aims at connecting the Danish and Swedish gas systems to Norwegian gas resources. The proposed White Stream Gas Pipeline will provide a link between the South Caucasus Gas Pipeline in Georgia and Romania. Croatia and Slovenia.3 Bcm.2 MMbbl/d of oil to supply Italy and central Europe. the Netherlands. which will see the Netherlands becoming the heart of a major gas hub for northwestern Europe. economic and legal feasibility of the project. • Bulgarian Energy Holding. a new pipeline being constructed is the 485 km. the pipeline will originate near Thessaloniki. the Baltic Gas Interconnector proposed to connect the gas networks of southern Sweden. Though feasibility studies have been performed. through Serbia. 2013 with construction starting in 2015 and the first pipeline with 8 Bcm/a capacity becoming operational in 2017–18. From there it would join with the existing Trans-Alpine Pipeline and the Italian pipeline network. The pipeline will have an initial capacity of 10 Bcm/a of natural gas. Poland’s gas transmission operator Gaz-System and Lithuania’s Lietuvos Dujos will conduct a feasibility study to determine the possibility of constructing a gas pipeline between the two countries.1 Bcm respectively in 2007. As part of the ‘gas roundabout’ project. with preparations underway for the final investment decision and construction. Albanian Ministers and government officials have endorsed the revised route of the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) through Albania. Greece. Denmark. e Strea f the Whit m and N abucco p ipeline The South Stream Pipeline route. in both the Netherlands and Germany. Zarza Tajo – Yela Pipeline. TAP will transport gas from the Caspian Sea and Middle East regions to Italy. the possibility of the Nord Stream Pipeline being extended to the Swedish gas pipeline network combined with a change in Sweden’s energy priorities to promote renewable energy options. • Bulgaria’s Minister for Economy. and is designed to take Caspian and Russian oil from the Black Sea port of Constanta in Romania. to Stara Zagora.000 m connecting Georgia to Crimea in the Ukraine. which will carry rich gas to the receiving terminal at St Fergus in Scotland. with any excess oil to be shipped from Genoa in Italy. shortly after the start-up of the Nabucco Pipeline. will be 17 MMcm/d. Proponents from both the AGRI LNG project and the Nabucco Pipeline will be seeking commitments from Azerbaijan to secure access to the country’s finite gas resources. proposed to transport gas from Komotini. a 250 km Danish onshore section and a 16 km Swedish onshore section. and consumers in other European countries. A map o routes. to the Norwegian East Coast. • • The second pipeline string is pulled ashore at the German Landfall for the Nord Stream Pipeline project. Belgium.130 km. which is in two sections. Greece.1 Bcm. These four interconnections have a total length of 681 km and a capacity of 3.14 Bcm/a and are scheduled to enter into operation by the end of 2012. The gas pipeline would be offshore with an approximate length of 38–45 km. Despite receiving authorisation for each of the three countries involved in the project.800 km long The pipeline would transport approximately 1. Detailed routing studies are now moving forward. Greece’s DEPA and Italy’s Edison International Holding have reached a development agreement regarding the construction of the Interconnection Pipeline Greece – Bulgaria (IGB). Energy and Tourism Traycho Traykov. Transnafta has proposed a 1. Pipe stringing along the OPAL Pipeline route. The Gjøa Gas Pipeline will initially be used to import gas from FLAGS to enable the completion of the Gjøa platform. Tivissa – Castelnou Pipeline. Asia. The feasibility study for the project had originally estimated that the pipeline would commence operations in 2011.3 Bcm/a and a total length of 1. • In Spain several gas interconnections are currently under construction: Tivissa – Paterna Pipeline. with around nine per cent of the oil to be supplied to Serbia and Croatia.Region Review Region Review ‹‹ Continued FROM page 21 Romania. North – South Pipeline. located in the Norwegian North Sea. The pipeline would have a capacity of 2 Bcm/a – starting in Nis.100 km. Overall gas production capacity for Gjøa. North Sea fast facts • 21 new petroleum fields were discovered in the North Sea in 2009 alone Approximately 155 MMcm of oil equivalent was produced in North Sea fields last year Norwegian gas is exported to markets through a network of pipelines approximately 7. A spokesperson for the consortium said that the feasibility studies carried out have proven the technical. The pipeline will have a capacity of 10 Bcm/a. Italy. and Yela – Villar Arnedo Pipeline. 50. Bulgaria will have a capacity to transport between 3 and 5 Bcm/a and is due to come into operation in 2013. From here the gas would be liquefied and shipped to Romania’s coast where it would be re-gasified and delivered into Romania’s pipeline system and shipped to European markets. including a reconnaissance marine survey and environmental impact studies. on the Norwegian West Coast. many up to 48 inches in diameter. The pipeline is expected to have a capacity of 8. Latvia and Lithuania to the Polish gas supply and transmission system. After the initial pipeline is bought online. The longer one is in the east of the country and runs from Rysum in northern Germany and Oude Statenzijl in the north of the Netherlands.V. construction on a further three pipelines of similar capacity will commence to meet expected export demand of both Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. Oil from the fields is due to be exported to the Mongstad terminal near Bergen via a new 50 km pipeline tied into Troll Oil Pipeline II.

including engine oil. The quality of steels used in the mainframe. ipelines are often constructed in hazardous conditions. engine oil.Pipeline equipment All Caterpillar pipelayers can be equipped with components suitable for Arctic conditions. and are fully insulated with a heater (or can be equipped with air conditioning). drawworks and undercarriage components. 587T and PL61 are all available with enclosed cabs. Enhanced lighting solutions for operation in decreased daylight operations are available for added safety. coolant. Continued on page 26 ›› 24 Pipelines International | December 2010 . The ACERT engine technology used in all new Caterpillar purpose-built pipelayer models ensures optimum engine P performance and fuel-efficiency while meeting EPA Tier 3 and EU Stage IIIA engine exhaust emission regulations. The cabs are designed for operator comfort and productivity in any climate. coolant. performance and component life. explaining how efficient pipelaying can still be achieved with the right equipment and know-how. drawworks and undercarriage components. The tractors are also equipped with solid engine enclosures. The elevated sprocket undercarriage effectively isolates the drive train components from ground-induced impacts. Caterpillar cabs are designed with a maximum glass area (the dual pane option is available for cold weather) for excellent visibility. Full box sections. A pipelayer for every season: choosing the right equipment for your next challenge Pipelayers and sidebooms are integral to pipeline construction and often have to work in extreme or hazardous conditions. elevated final drives and other integral frame components. track roller cold weather seals and lubricants along with heavy-duty cold weather batteries. which mirror the Caterpillar D8 tractor body with a heavy. Lessons learned in the 1970s during the construction of the Alyeska Pipeline have gone into the engineered design of Arctic solutions for all Caterpillar pipelayers. final drive. final drives. transmission. Working in extreme conditions Gearing up for extreme cold conditions represents a number of challenges. PipeLine Machinery International Vice President Product Support Lindley Imeson describes some of the features required for working in Arctic and mountainous conditions. PipeLine Machinery International (PLM) distributes Caterpillar pipelayers such as the large 587T and 583T models. steel castings and continuous rolled rails provide durable support to the undercarriage. Component heaters using fuelfired coolant circulation and 110 volt/240 volt electric water jacket heaters can be added for longer component life and additional cab heat for extreme cold conditions. Quick evac solutions are also available on all Caterpillar pipelayers for added environmental safety. final drive. transmission. and in wet areas. under hood air intake and reversible fans for added heat retention. As such. including extreme hot and cold temperatures. pipelayer machinery needs to be engineered for a long life in extreme conditions. through mountainous and rocky terrain. booms and counterweights helps to avoid the common ‘brittle steel’ problem associated with working at temperatures around -45 degree Celsius. All models can be equipped with Arctic fluids. The 583T. in addition to insulated cabs with thermopane glass. Special Arctic solution items include idlers. strong and durable mainframe. The undercarriage is designed for optimised machine balance.

145 kg. Operators have the information required to help prevent tipovers. a 7. making operator training ‘hit and miss’. the number of pipelayers used or the size of pipelayers should be increased so that the relative load per pipelayer is reduced. Distributed exclusively by PLM. With a lifting capacity of 18. PLM has teamed with ek pass to provide solutions to the training challenge.504 kg and uses the same engine performing at a full-rated net power of 310 hp at 1.3 m sideboom will outperform an 8.800 rpm. roll-overs and equipment damage due to overloading and extreme slope operations. often in a multi-language format. The training company is PLM’s exclusive provider of pipeline operator training and related consulting services around the globe. the load swing.850 rpm. slope. Keeping the boom further extended on a 20 degree slope will result in the load line location being closer to the rear of the pipelayer. the smooth operation of the hydraulic drawworks allows for precise and co-ordinated handling of 30 inch diameter and above pipe in all wall thicknesses in adverse conditions. The higher the load. As the pipe size and tractors required Load monitoring Experienced pipelayer operators can ‘read’ a pipe load very effectively. productivity and reduced maintenance costs. However a reliable and precise pipelayer system is important when ground conditions change. easy-to-read operator display panel. the PL61 is a mere 2. the load overhang. Numerous factors impact lifting capacity on slopes. while managing the less flexible characteristics of cold pipe. ‹‹ Continued FROM page 24 A skylight window is placed for viewing the boom and upper block. and side windows are screened to allow for ground communication and better ventilation.625 kg and is powered by the Cat C15 ACERT engine performing at full-rated net power of 366 horse power (hp) at 1. and is designed to provide operators with the precise load-management information required for a safe and efficient job. the better the slope performance of the pipelayer.Pipeline equipment Pipeline equipment increases. The length of the sideboom used also has an effect on pipeline installation in mountainous terrain: the shorter the sideboom. The higher the load. the less capability the machine has in sloping conditions. In order to mitigate this. The professional consultants with ek pass have been delivering award-winning.9 m in width with a shipping weight of 16. This unit has been designed to be ideal for gathering systems or for urban installations where transportation to the site and onsite clearances require a more compact machine. machine tolerances and operator capability. operator experience and track tension. when less experienced operators are at the controls or when tracks shift on loose rock. Training is focused on improved operator and right-of-way safety. the load. All information regarding the load. The contractor’s equipment fleet is a diverse mix of types. the less capability the machine has in sloping conditions.5 m sideboom by approximately 3 degrees. and owning companies and regulators have specific requirements for training. The key is to always carry the load as far out as possible without impacting the side tipping point. A Caterpillar pipelayer working in desert conditions. and a 6 m boom will outperform an 8. Pipeline training Pipeline projects are often located away from large training facilities. the PL61 is well-suited to lifting smaller size pipe – generally below 16 inch in diameter. Operator training is usually provided on a pipeline spread using the equipment that the trainees will be operating. including the length of the boom. A construction contractors’ safety programmes needs to be disseminated to a large temporary workforce. The 583T has a lifting capacity of 63. overhang. 26 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 27 . The large displacement and high-torque rise provides the 587T and the 583T with the power needed for the safe handling and consistent multi-functional operation required for poor ground conditions. In order to mitigate this. Mountainous conditions Stability during the lowering-in process in sloping conditions is a challenge requiring strict attention to safety. With counterweight and boom removed. The Pipelaye r System he lps eliminat guesswork e the in load-man agement. saving time and increasing the relevancy of the training. Lifting capacity The 587T has a lifting capacity of 91. The PL61 pipelayer. ek pass provides training services on equipment from over one hundred manufacturers. the Pipelayer System by Cranesmart eliminates guesswork. customised instructor-led training on client sites worldwide. ground conditions. lift capacity and two-block alarm are integrated through Cranesmart’s wireless technology into a large.070 kg. makes and models. For example. the number of pipelayers used or the size of pipelayers should be increased so that the relative load per pipelayer is reduced. Caterpillar pipelayers are fitted with ACERT engine technology and meet EPA Tier 3 and EU Stage IIIA engine exhaust emission regulations. Increasing the load overhang has a positive impact on fore-aft slope capability.5 m sideboom by approximately 6 degrees. A pipelayer at work in Alaska.

and environmental requirements. and more comfortable for the operator.864 kg. health. the SPD-450 padding machine is the biggest padding machine manufactured by Superior. enabling easy replacement of parts. The machine uses Bosch Rexroth hydraulic systems. reputable manufacturers such as Caterpillar and are available all over the world. The SPD-450 also has two operator platforms in the cabin so that the operator can work on both sides of the machine.” WorldWide Machinery recognises the importance of safety on a pipeline construction spread. Safety features WorldWide’s padding machine at work for Nacap Australia. such as the 56 inch diameter OPAL Pipeline. WorldWide Machinery’s Jurgen Hafemann said that the longest run on the project so far has been 4. WorldWide Machinery builds equipment – including padding machines. optimal vision is achieved. “The training takes approximately one week. The main components of the machinery come from well-known. “We’re very open to listening to our customers. the company has added cameras to the back corners of each machine to reduce blind spots. and benders – for projects from 6–60 inches. and you stay on the backfill side when you have a big ditch.4 sq m Fuel tank: 720 litres Hydraulic system circuit: 800 litres For more information visit www. We want to make it easier and safer. Pipelines International spoke to WorldWide Machinery’s Vice President Pipeline Operations Jurgen Hafemann about the SPD-450’s features and capabilities. Technicians are sent with delivery of the machine to help with assembly and train operators in proper usage and maintenance. The padders are assembled in the company’s factory in Italy.5 km. WorldWide ensures that operators receive appropriate training before using the company’s machines. The technicians take the new operators for a dry test run. “This gives the operator a much better view of what is going on in the ditch. meaning that it meets the European Union’s safety. earthmoving equipment. orldWide Machinery recently sold an SPD-450 padding machine to Nacap Australia for work on the South West Queensland Pipeline Expansion Padding works are completed on a pipeline project in the UK. The company’s padding machines were the first padding machines to be fitted with roll-over protection structures. The backfill pile can be around 3 m high and the ditch can be around 2 m deep. The padding machine has started working on the pipeline spread and has been backfilling at rates up to 360 cubic metres per hour using a 0. so you can get quite a surprise if you look down at the ground. The company’s machines are constantly being upgraded. Recently. which involves the construction of 940 km of 18 inch diameter looping pipeline. which is fitted with a dust filter and air conditioning. then a test run together.industry news industry news WorldWide padders are suited to all terrains. “The hardest part is getting used to driving with the machine on the backfill.” says Mr Hafemann. bending machines. Padding screens are available in many different sizes. a part of WorldWide Machinery. We want to build customerfriendly machines. Mr Hafemann says that the company also makes a concerted effort to listen to its customers because the company wants to make their machines as easy-to-use and as safe as possible. Padding machines WorldWide With a screening area of 8. Machines can be tailored to client’s needs. gearbox and final drives. WorldWide Machinery also manufactures pipelayers. 28 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 29 .” says Mr Hafemann. Combined with the wide front screen. The SPD-450 machine is also being used on projects in Europe. The operator can control the machine entirely from the cabin. such as soft or wet material. SPD-450 features Engine model: Caterpillar C-13 ACERT Tier 4 Interim Stage III B Power: 328 kW Main pumps: Bosch Rexroth Transmission: hydrostatic Motors: hydromatic Gearbox and final drives: Bosch Rexroth Undercarriage: Berco Screening area: 8. W Tailoring machinery to client needs All of WorldWide’s machinery is built under CE approval. pipelayers.75 inch screen.” says Mr Hafemann. The SPD-450 has a Caterpillar C-13 ACERT Tier 4 Interim Stage III B engine capable of 328 kW of power. “For us it is very important to use components that you can get from all over the world.4 sq m and an operating weight of 53. Padding machines can be built for pipeline projects from 6 to 60 inches in diameter. The hydraulic and shaker systems can be adjusted to suit any terrain. pipe bevelling and cold cutting machines and vacuum pipe lifting equipment.worldwidemachinery.

3 (12022)CPP_Oil&Gas 185x125_ad.cpp. have also been conducted elsewhere. These reduced energy costs can provide a financial payback within three to five years of service.000 kg of corrosion debris was removed from a 161 km section of 36 inch diameter pipe with a wall thickness of 14. 3M has supplied more than 170. pipeline. demonstrates that the capacity increase of a coated section of pipeline is considerably greater at high pressure than an uncoated section. Alan Kehr. Corrosion protection A major issue with uncoated pipelines is corrosion. J. Faster commissioning and simplified inspection Internally coated pipework will also dry faster than uncoated pipe after hydrostatic testing. While these studies indicate a significant increase in flow capacity when internal flow coating is used. A 2002 study on the economic benefits of internally coated pipe. and are able to provide significant economic benefits to pipeline operation. Testing and any robotic inspection procedures are also greatly simplified by the improved mobility of the equipment travelling down an internally coated pipe.000 km of FBE for pipeline projects worldwide.3M. fittings and bends. Since their introduction in 1991. The function of such a coating is to isolate the metal from direct contact with the electrolyte. fusion-bond epoxy (FBE) coating systems were introduced in the 1960s to form a barrier between the metal surface of the pipe and the surrounding environment.indd 1 22/4/10 14:05:55 30 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 31 . which provides a high level of damage resistance. and internal coatings can provide economic benefits. the extent of corrosion can be considerable. operation and pumping costs caused by the rough internal surface of steel pipes and the build-up of deposits and corrosion products. field joints. is deemed to facilitate installation under conditions of harsh environments or inexperienced handling in the factory or onsite.” O ver the past 40 to 50 years it has become standard industry practice to apply both internal and external pipeline coatings. A report completed in 2006 by John Grover of BJ Process & Pipeline Services noted that an estimated 157.9 per cent lower on the coated section of pipeline than on the uncoated section. it is generally accepted that even a one per cent improvement in throughput provides the financial justification for internal coating.000 km of internal flow coating and more than 135. The concept of internally lining gas pipelines – known as internal flow coating – was first developed in the 1950s to counter the adverse effects on pipeline capacity. while also providing superior damage resistance with only a minimal reduction in flexibility. Single-layer FBE has proven performance in both onshore underground and offshore subsea www. The product is an effective corrosion-resistant barrier for line pipe. When uncoated pipelines are flooded with seawater. It may also be possible to achieve further savings by reducing the number of compressor stations. as has been well-documented by thorough research on a number of different installations. Statoil reported that it made the decision to apply an internal epoxy coating – 3M Scotchkote Epoxy Coating EP2306 HF – to the Langeled Gas Pipeline. This prevents corrosion from reforming. interposing a high electrical resistance so that electrochemical reactions cannot eliminating the need for additional pre-commissioning work. A relatively lowcost solution. The 1980s saw the introduction of threelayer polyethylene or polypropylene coatings in Europe. The thick layer of polyolefin. Externally. Since then. Similar studies Reduced energy costs in pumping and compressor stations Internal flow coating can also make a significant difference in reducing pumping or compression costs over the lifetime of the 3M Corrosion Protection Products. demonstrating a 14–21 per cent increase in pipeline capacity for internally-coated pipelines. 3M United Kingdom plc. Since its first use in New Mexico in 1960. duallayer powder coatings have also gained popularity for use with pipelines operating at a high temperature. These coatings comprise a FBE primary coating. which means an easier and faster commissioning of the line. and are based on earlier single-layer and two-layer systems. FBE coating has remained the external pipe coating of choice in North America.industry news industry news Inside and out: benefits of pipeline coating It is common practice to externally coat pipelines to ensure effective operation over the medium to long term. The Zamorano’s 2002 study concluded that fuel gas costs for the compressor stations situated along the 1. Northallerton. Internal pipeline coatings are also available for this purpose.000 km of diverse service pipelines worldwide during a period spanning more than 50 years: • Gas & Oil • Sour Gas & Oil • Aviation Fuel • Refined Product Coatings for external pipe protection and field joints are also available. completed by Rafael Zamorano. As increasingly stringent regulations governing the disposal of scale and corrosion debris into the environment are being applied. in the North Sea. or compressor size and capacity. a polyolefin-adhesive or tielayer and a polyolefin topcoat. External pipe coating protection: a history of success The main methods of protecting underground pipelines from corrosion are external coatings and cathodic protection.200 km length of the Atacama Gas Pipeline. Increased flow of gas Data are readily available to illustrate that a smoother pipe surface leads to increased flow capacity. 3M’s Craig Thomas explains why. Internal coatings can provide significant economic benefits to pipeline operations. states that external pipe coatings are “intended to form a continuous film of electrical insulating material over the metallic surface to be protected. Cost effective pipe protection Pipeline coating technology is constantly evolving to provide better protection as the oil and gas industry moves to explore and produce from ever more difficult reserves and demanding environments. External coatings for pipelines are standard practice. In 2005. in order to increase transport capacity and reduce pig wear. dual-layer FBE offers the performance and installation characteristics of single-layer FBE. a leading American expert on pipeline www. were 26. United Kingdom Telephone: +44 (0)1609 780170 Fax: +44 (0)1609 788707 Email: pipecoatings.3M. it has become industry practice to blast clean the pipe and apply an internal flow coating prior to the pipe being delivered to site. only three months after total immersion in tropical sea water. Zamorano’s study used the 530 km Atacama Gas Pipeline in South America to articulate his findings. We have the world’s pipelines covered 3M™ Scotchkote™ Internal & External Pipe Coatings 3M™ Scotchkote™ Internal Pipe Coatings have been applied to over 170.

com . field joint coating and heat treatment. allowing companies from around the world to showcase their products and services. • Real-time closed loop control. and non-destructive testing. managed subsea services. EXHIBITION A comprehensive exhibition will be part of the event.” said New Product Development Vice President Shankar Rajagopalan. ons wil Registrati l open 011 – m in early 2 yo ake sure ua landma ttend this rk event. construction and materials • Operations and maintenance • Asset integrity management • Inspection and cathodic protection • Repair and rehabilitation • Automation and control • Leak detection Paper abstracts are now being accepted. Texas. “We engineered laser vision technology into our welding technology to enhance productivity in narrow groove pipe joints and increase weld quality through pre-weld and post-weld in-line inspection. NETWORKING Throughout the event there will be ample opportunities to network with participants to further your business relationships. In addition. Kingdom of Bahrain PLATINUM SPONSOR 15–17 May 2011. Designed to reduce the duration of the pipeline welding process while increasing weld quality. Abdul Hussain bin Ali Mirza. Bahrain GULF CONVENTION CENTRE. The Vision System will be used for the first time in the field as part of an Incalloyclad project in Norway. Minister of Oil & Gas Affairs and Chairman of the National Oil & Gas Authority. a permanent computer record of all welds and inspections is available as a permanent record for operators and owners. Europe. All the equipment utilises laser vision technology. • Planning. and oscillation width to achieve adaptive fill around the pipe. It raises the bar for the whole industry. • Adjustment to travel speed. CONFERENCE Six technical streams covering a wide range of subjects will run over the two and a half day event (and presented by industry leaders). the V Bevel for bevel inspection at the beveling station. the V Purge – a fully automatic purge control system to control and monitor the purge chamber parameters.pipelineconf. South Africa and the Middle East. design. the V Root for root inspection at the welding station. Based in Houston. automatic welding systems.crc-evans. CRC-Evans has offices in North America. BAHRAIN ORGANIZERS C Join leaders in the international pipeline industry as they converge for the Best Practice in Pipeline Operations and Integrity Management Conference and Exhibition in Bahrain. CRC-Evans provides pipeline construction equipment. the Vision System provides new levels of flexibility in the field. Demonstrating the laser vision technology in a narrow groove. an external welding machine with adaptive weld technology.industry news Weld smarter: CRC-Evans’ new welding system with laser vision technology CRC-Evans Automatic Welding has developed a new welding system that incorporates laser vision welding and inspection technology. omponents of CRC-Evans’ Vision System include the V Weld. Contact us today to book your 32 Pipelines International | December 2010 www. • Inspection and reporting of the bevel and root bead in the critical path for immediate correction. For further information visit www. The advantages of laser vision The incorporation of new laser technology is designed to: • Real-time tracking at higher speeds. Meet with industry leaders from around the world. The V Bevel. Held under the Patronage of His Excellency Dr. wire feed speed. and. and.

Developing construction methods to protect Russia’s wetlands A section of Sakhalin Energy’s Sakhalin-2 Pipeline passes across significant areas of wetland habitat between Piltun and the LNG plant at Prigorodnoye in Aniva Bay. are designed to be quickly switched with the bucket. marsh and wetland terrain From the wetlands in far-eastern Russia to the swamps and marshes of North America’s river systems. new line construction. Georgia Power. backfill of the trench and RoW reinstatement. which provides added durability. In addition to excavators. environmental consultants. “They can cross over bogland. An amphibious vehicle needs to be able to make the transition from hard ground to swamp muskeg. Knowing the challenges unique to these environments could be the key in securing a competitive tender. the specific types of wetlands encountered along the pipeline route. the company included a chapter dedicated to pipeline construction in wetlands in its Environmental Impact Assessment Addendum (EIAA) in 2005. PFM’s Patrick Miller Jr says that the main advantage of using amphibious vehicles for marsh or swamp terrain is their low ground pressure design. to prevent sediment flow into the wetland. When clearing the RoW. vegetation control. and from using tree stumps or brush riprap to support equipment on the construction RoW. A Hydratrek amphibious vehicle has twin bronze propellers that allow the machine to cross bodies of water in wetland terrain. Sunland Construction has completed two major 42 inch pipeline spreads for Cheniere Pipeline's Creaole Trail Pipeline in Louisiana. It is also important that the pulling of tree stumps and grading activities are limited to the area directly over the trench line. keeping the equipment from uprooting the vegetation and allowing the area to recover more quickly. “Removable sediment barriers can be removed during actual construction. and wildfire suppression. constructors should limit construction equipment operating in wetland areas to that required for RoW clearing. “Most amphibious equipment can float in water and this is the major advantage over non-amphibious vehicles. the diesel engines are very clean burning and fuel efficient compared to gasoline engines. Other accessories.” says Mr Ledet Jr. Hydro One. Wetlands are found from the tundra to the tropics on every continent except Antarctica and include swamps. marsh and wetland terrain and the manufacturers supplying them with specialist equipment. Vegetation should be cut just above ground level so that the plants’ existing root systems are left in place. Utilising tracks instead of tyres will reduce the ground pressure. backhoes. Sunland Construction also used Sunland-Kori amphibious undercarriages while working on 27 km of 42 inch pipeline for the Golden Pass Pipeline in Texas. The prevalence of wetland terrain means that pipeline engineers. most equipment is built standard with rubber overthe-tyre tracks that can be used for multiple terrains and surfaces. totalling 68 km. unless an environmental inspector has determined that safety-related construction constraints require grading or the removal of tree stumps from those areas. other heavy equipment can be mounted on amphibious undercarriages. Simonton. to open water and get you back to your destination safely with minimal problems and minimal hassle. and wetland areas. mud or swamp without leaving deep tracks and because of the low ground pressure. Remote access vehicle manufacturer PFM Manufacturing supplies Land Tamer amphibious vehicles to pipeline construction companies in North America and around the world. As outlined in Sakhalin Energy’s EIAA. are much more environmentally friendly than other vehicles. swamp and wetland terrain. and product and service providers operating anywhere around the world could be bidding for work on a pipeline which traverses wetland terrain. the construction methodology to be employed in crossing these areas and proposed mitigation and monitoring measures. “Many upper attachments are interchangeable and mounting can be done in a few hours. he US Environmental Protection Agency defines wetlands as lands where saturation with water is the dominant factor determining the nature of soil development and the types of plant and animal communities living in the soil and on its surface. excessive vegetation and debris with relative ease. buckets. temporary sediment control and trench dewatering should all be undertaken with the addition of special measures to protect wetlands and marsh areas and to minimise the impact to the environment. US-based amphibious vehicle manufacturer Hydratrek’s Craig Simonton agrees that amphibious equipment has a range of benefits saying “There are many applications and reason to use amphibious equipment in marshes. Any cut vegetation should then be removed from the wetland for disposal. First. construction contractors. and amphibious equipment manufacturers offer a variety of ‘boom-andstick’ options. The tracks lower the ground pressure significantly and allow the vehicles to handle heavy mud.” Temporary sediment control Another consideration for contractors constructing pipelines through wetland. Sakhalin Energy’s EIAA recommends that sediment barriers are installed across the entire construction RoW at all wetland crossings. Pipelines International spoke with the companies constructing in swamp. Also. “Due to the rubber track system.” says Mr Miller Jr. workers should not grade or remove stumps or root systems from the rest of the construction RoW. Getting the job done in swamp. swamp or marsh environments is temporary sediment control. ruggedness. The EIAA also directs constructors to refrain from using rock or soil imported from outside the wetland. trenching. Continued on page 36 ›› 34 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 35 . Texas Gas Transmission. “This is an important characteristic as contractors today are responsible for complying with strict environmental standards. geophysical drills. the machines are made from 100 per cent aluminium. Several small and large companies such as Tennessee Valley Authority. bogs and similar areas. but must be re-installed after construction has stopped for the day and/or when heavy precipitation is imminent. within these hydrologically and ecologically sensitive areas. and safety over conventional all-terrain vehicles.Terrain review Terrain review Sunland Construction’s equipment at work in the marshes of Louisiana. or if construction equipment causes ruts or mixing of the topsoil and subsoil in wetlands.” RoW clearance and operation RoW clearance and operation. and personnel/cargo carriers. constructing pipelines in wet terrain requires unique construction methodologies and equipment. which included a general discussion of the nature of wetland habitat. Some examples of options include draglines. USA. prefabricated equipment mats. Sunland Construction Gulf Coast Division Manager Louis Ledet Jr says that during those projects amphibious equipment allowed excavators to manoeuvre in marsh and swamp areas without disturbing the terrain. Atco Electric and Xcel Energy are using Hydratrek amphibious equipment on a daily basis for utility and gas projects all across North America. auxiliary transport vehicle. According to Sakhalin Energy “If standing water or saturated soils are present. Three manufacturers and distributors of amphibious equipment in North America explain the benefits of amphibious equipment. According to Sakhalin Energy “The construction of pipelines through wetland areas requires a combination of techniques and methods that are used as standard along the rest of the pipeline route and that are specifically designed to minimise impact T Getting equipped Choosing the right equipment is essential to avoid getting bogged down when installing pipelines in marsh. with the help of Sunland-Kori amphibious undercarriages. marshes. constructors should use low ground-weight construction equipment. Wilco Pipeline’s backhoe equipment trenches a ditch to accommodate pipe installation in marsh terrain. or operate normal equipment on timber riprap. where necessary. or terra mats. such as tree cutters. and other attachments to meet the demands of any operation. Most equipment that is used in the industry is very large and weighs several tonnes.” Being versatile is key when working in swampland. the environmental impact is reduced significantly. Second. installation of the pipeline. located in far-eastern Russia. swamps. Applications range from right-of-way (RoW) survey and management.” says Mr. To address the challenges of constructing pipeline through wetland terrain.

Also depending on the overall size of the pontoons. Wilco Pipelines’ ten steps for pipeline construction in swamp terrain 1. Mr Wilson Jr says that original coating system and application is critical. The pipe pull head was at kilometre point 1. After hydrotest. 3. The islands are densely populated by swamp and marsh terrain. around-the-clock maintenance of equipment and dangerous wildlife to construct the pipeline infrastructure required to recover the South East Asian nation’s extensive petroleum resources. ndonesia is an archipelago consisting of approximately 13.18 Tcm of natural gas. The company was required to carry out works in these terrains for both Phase 9 of Total E&P Indonesie’s Tunu Field Development. The onshore activity was tide-dependent and the movement of flexi-yoke barges was possible only during the high tide. crisscrossed by rivers. Mr Wilson Jr also notes “Employees are also cautioned concerning snakes. Crews perform welding. These sediment barriers should be removed during the RoW cleanup following pipeline installation.” Trench dewatering Finally the EIAA suggest that contractors should dewater the trench (either on or off the construction RoW) in a manner that does not cause erosion and does not result in heavily silt-laden water flowing into any wetland. was to enable Total E&P Indonesie to meet its production requirement with the construction of trunklines connecting new gathering stations (GTS) to the existing pipeline network. Mr Wilson Jr says that access is a major concern when water is encountered as conventional equipment typically would not be able to manoeuvre in the extreme conditions encountered. 5. amphibian equipment.” says Mr Wilson Jr.7 Bbbl of oil and 3. lifting devices. Various stations are established to accommodate initial and final welding. which transports the gas to the Bontang LNG terminal. PFM’s Land Tamer Extra Heavy Duty amphibious vehicles.350. Equipment then guides different sections into final position before removing floats. If land access is not available. Depending on the remoteness of the project. and for pipeline installation works on the Tambora Field Development Project Phase II. 8. 4. Identify and mark sensitive areas. completed in January 2005. For successful execution of this project Punj Lloyd deployed its fleet of marine Aerial installation works on the Tunu Field Development Phase 9 project. 10. including extreme surface currents. USA. Punj Lloyd has overcome challenging conditions. Backhoe equipment trenches ditch with sufficient depth and width to accommodate pipe installation. The purpose of the Phase 9 Tunu Field Development. 2. Depending on the pipe diameter. Continued on page 38 ›› Cranes lift pipes into position on the Tambora Field Development project. coating and quality control functions and then install sufficient floats for buoyancy purposes. the buggy can float in up to 2. while sacrificial anodes and rectifier systems can mitigate corrosive environments. located partially onshore in swamp terrain and partially offshore in shallow waters. After substantial backfill and all welding is completed. 7. Other than routine safety measures like eye and hearing protection. entire line is subjected to hydrostatic testing to confirm suitability for intended use.4 m of water and still be able to excavate the pipe ditch. Projects designed to monetise these resources in regions characterised by swamp or marsh land have required the development of particular pipeline construction methods to effectively and efficiently lay pipeline in these environments. 30 inch diameter steel pipeline near Hackberry. quality control inspection. 36 Pipelines International | December 2010 37 . rollers are strategically placed to accommodate random pipe lengths.” North America’s marshlands In 2009 Wilco Pipeline Contractors completed two projects in Louisiana. coating application and float placement. Four flexi-yoke barges with 32 t safe working load were deployed along with two swamp excavators to carry out this specialised tie-in onshore. The tie-in of the two strings was carried out in the onshore swamp trench. Indian pipeline engineering and construction company Punj Lloyd knows the challenges presented by pipeline construction in swamp and marsh terrain. tie-ins are completed.Terrain review Terrain review Punj Lloyd: specialising in swamp pipeline construction In the swamps of Indonesia. Specialised equipment like the soft terrain vehicle or ‘buggy’ exerts low ground pressure and is available for rent and purchase.” I Tunu Field Development – Phase 9 Tunu is a gas and condensate field in East Kalimantan on the outer margin of the Mahakam Delta. The Addendum states “Remove the dewatering structures as soon as possible after the completion of dewatering activities. Move in equipment and personnel to establish and prepare right-of-way for continuous access. 6. is inhabited by salt-water crocodiles. then several barges would be used tethered together to provide similar area. Tie-ins and other associated activities such as radiography and field joint coating were performed at low tides. 9. Mats would be staged to provide firm foundation for the equipment and pipe racks. any potential for corrosion can be mitigated. material and personnel movement. Pipelaying through swamp waters on the Tunu Field Development Phase 9 project. which meant a total of 750 m of pipe section was pulled offshore. additional provisions may be implemented for use of helicopter equipment in the event that an individual requires emergency evacuation. snakes and other reptiles. repairs. ‹‹ Continued FROM page 35 “Where wetlands are adjacent to the construction RoW and the RoW slopes toward the wetland.000 islands stretched out between the two continental shelves of Asia and Australia. electrical shock and individual strains. Pipelines International | December 2010 equipment. shallow tugs and dredgers with a draft of one metre. comprising purpose-built barges. The second project was completed for Denbury Resources and involved a 24 inch diameter steel pipeline approximately 21 km in length in the Atchafalaya Basin near Lottie. restoration and move out equipment and personnel. Constructing the Sakhalin-2 Pipeline through wetlands in the extreme cold. The first project was completed for the US Army Corps of Engineers and involved a 6 km. At the end of 2008 the country’s proven petroleum reserves included 3. The Mahakam Delta is infamous for its shallow sea with excessive surface currents while the inner delta. Equipment and personnel are dispatched to remote locations to weld all sections in advance of backfilling. Determine logistics for pipe. install sediment barriers along the edge of the RoW as necessary to contain spoil and prevent sediment flow into the wetland. alligators and other wildlife in the region. With modern coating systems and quality control. which connected satellite testing stations to the existing pipeline network. Wilco Managing Member John Wilson Jr says “When there is access from existing public roads a ‘push site’ is established. the overall site size would be 18 to 30 m wide by 183 to 244 m long. “Once the ‘push site’ is established. Final cleanup. additional safety procedures are implemented to identify plants and insects that may be prevalent in the region. which involved construction through marshland.

pipelaying. Nigeria. and even cause deterioration in the quality of water. testing and coating in the swamp. river crossings. Construction materials required at the marsh locations were transported through landing craft.” Method of construction 24 inch diameter trunkline Pipe bridge: 7 Sections – 3. 8 inch diameter flowline and 2 inch diameter piggyback line Pipe bridge: 8 Sections – 7. floatation of the string. to the existing STP 3 located at the central processing unit of the Tambora field. At HDD locations. “Long years of working in the swamp region have taught me new methods of overcoming challenges. to the logistics of trench excavation. marshy plants along the pipeline route. The immediate requirement was to reroute the three existing 6 inch diameter flowlines to install new facilities. where the swamp was generally 2 m deep. At HDD locations. Barge equipped with cran e. materials. coating and tie-ins. restricting mobilisation of personnel and machinery. while the traditional installation method of push-pull was undertaken from one location only. procurement and construction contract to construct a 24 inch diameter gas pipeline as part of Total E&P Indonesie’s Tambora Field Development. the strings were prefabricated. Sharma has successfully executed projects in the swamp terrain for more than a decade. Located in East of Kalimantan. which was completed in June 2006.300 m 38 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 39 . tie-ins and riverbank re-instatement. These lines also comprise five horizontal directional drilled (HDD) sections. NDT. welding. which involved piling. The complexities of swamps and marshes were considered throughout the entire project – from the selection of appropriate marine vessels to survey the right-of-way. pipelaying. Temporary jetty and platforms were installed at all these locations for resources and material mobilisation and demobilisation and the HDD strings were pre-tested before pull back and were placed over rollers to facilitate smooth pull back.494 m Open cut river crossing: 1 Section – 64 m Oilserv workers handle the pipeline after completing a weld. Piles were driven in these sections and prefabricated structures were installed to support the pipes. four of 24 inch diameter and one of 8 inch diameter. welding and non-destructive testing (NDT). P. For this activity. the Tambora project involved pipeline construction in swamp and marsh terrain. the discharges from the project activity had to be controlled to prevent water pollution which would adversely affect living organisms. which had been fitted with davits at the Sungaipurun yard. The project involved the installation of a gas pipeline network comprising a 24 inch diameter trunkline from the then newly installed GTS 4 Station. The water front and the jetty facility at Sungaipurun yard were widely utilised.916 m HDD crossing: 4 Sections – 5. ‹‹ Continued FROM page 37 In terms of environmental considerations. Specialised swamp equipment was extensively used for swamp sections. tugs and barges. while personnel staff lodged in long boats and moved around the sites with the aid of speed boats and sea trucks. Punj Lloyd President – Offshore V. The installation involved right-of-way clearing of dense. on the inner margin of the Mahakam Delta. Tambora Field Development Punj Lloyd was also awarded an engineering.Terrain review Projects Trenching work on the Tambora Field Development. I have spent 11 years working in the Mahakam Delta where every project taught me new ways and methods to conquer hurdles. Eight inch diameter flowlines with 2 inch diameter piggy back lines connect gas wellhead platforms to the GTS 3. the strings were prefabricated on these aerial sections. lifting equipment such as cranes was required and swamp equipment was used extensively.809 m HDD crossing: 1 Section – 914 m Open cut river crossing: 3 Sections – 365 m Oando nearing completion on Nigerian pipeline Oando Gas & Power’s subsidiary East Horizon Gas Company is nearing completion of its 128 km gas pipeline linking the Calabar Cluster of industries to the Nigerian Gas Company’s grid in Akwa Ibom state. Remoteness of the location was a major challenge for the project team. Dredging at river crossings used a clamshell barge and the prefabricated rivercrossing spools were installed by a rivercrossing work barge. 6 inch diameter flowline re-routing Pipe bridge: 3 Sections – 1. Work was carried out by positioning the equipment and material throughout the alignment of the aerial section of the pipeline. All project-related work has to be executed keeping in mind the protection of the rare flora and fauna. pulling cable. Speaking on the construction challenges in the swamp terrain he said “The major challenge which we continuously face in the swamp terrain is working in an environmentally sensitive region so as to preserve the endangered ecosystem.

pipeline trench excavation. “We have built a network in Lagos. Oando Gas & Power is committed to safety. and to avoid flotation of the line. This category necessitates the installation of automatic line-break valves located at intervals prescribed by the applicable codes. The foundation customer is United Cement Company which is estimated initially to offtake 22 MMcf/d to fuel to its new cement plant at Calabar. Challenges The pipeline route is characterised by undulating and rocky topography. field-joint coating. East Horizon Gas Company (EHGC) also subcontracted major aspects of the project. Akwa Ibom state. O ando Gas & Power’s 128 km pipeline project involves the construction of an 18 inch diameter pipeline from the existing Obigbo – ALSCON Pipeline at Ukanafun. Pipeline construction in swamp areas were executed using anchor blocks to create required negative buoyancy for the welded pipeline. health and safety impact assessment of the project. and. health and environment standards. expected in the first quarter of 2011. and very soon we shall start work in the west. The scope of work under the contract includes right-of-way (RoW) survey. the project will service over 100 companies. community shrines and sacred areas were avoided. The pipeline is being constructed to supply natural gas to industrial areas in the southeast of Nigeria.” The company also aims to replicate the success of the Greater Lagos natural gas distribution scheme in other parts of Nigeria and West Africa by making significant investments in pipelines and related infrastructure to ensure a reliable supply of natural gas. EHGC engaged the services of NACE-certified Solewant/Kema Coating Nigeria Ltd to undertake corrosion coating of the field bends and their girth welds. execution of the associated civil works. Thrust boring was also used for pulling the welded spool under major roads without affecting their integrity and structure. The RoW also has swampy areas. “We hope to reach all parts of the country with the gas grid in the coming years. This technique was chosen to mitigate the social and environmental impacts of the river crossing construction.8 standard.2 m to 2 m in these areas. HDD was deployed at all the seven river crossings as opposed to the traditional ‘opencut’ practice. The pipeline is built to the Nigerian standard of Class 2 Human Density. In addition. Oando investing in Nigeria’s pipeline future In October 2010 Oando Chief Executive Officer Yomi Awobokun said the company will build 120 km of gas pipelines every 18 to 24 months as part of its plans to develop a gas grid that will feed power plants. The pipeline design and construction is compliant with the ASME B31. In addition. Upon completion. Pipeline construction Zishan Engineering completed engineering and design work on the pipeline. and the seasonal and recurring flooding along the route also presents some civil engineering and logistical challenges. to local contractors Enikkom and MJD Oil Services respectively. The trench backfill was also increased from 1. and cultural heritage sites along the pipeline RoW were also adequately compensated prior to relocation. and the pipeline is fitted with pressure relief valves set at 10 per cent below the pipeline maximum allowable operating pressure. 40 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 41 . Landowners whose farmland and trees were affected by the RoW clearing were duly compensated at levels determined by state government. EHGC held a number of ‘awareness sessions’ to educate host communities on the environmental. including horizontal directional drilling (HDD) and swamp pipeline construction. flushing. stringing and welding of the pipes. and the seasonal and recurring flooding along the route also presents some civil engineering and logistical challenges. The RoW also has swampy areas. near Calabar in Cross River state. hydrotesting and drying.” said Mr Awobokun. We are doing the same in the east of the country. The pipeline route is characterised by undulating and rocky topography. In addition to the 100 km gas pipeline distribution network the company has constructed in Lagos. Oilserv Nigeria Ltd is the primary construction contractor on the project. non-destructive testing of the welded joints. to Mfamosing. and construction began on the pipeline in November 2008. the transmission pipeline will deliver 100 MMcf/d of gas.projects Projects The 128 km pipeline project is being completed to supply natural gas to industrial areas in the southeast of Nigeria. quality. and at the banks where the pipe crosses a waterway.

The issue is introduced by a guest editorial. Pakistan. Following the successful International Forum on the Transportation of CO2 by Pipeline held earlier this year. Pipeline Integrity Engineers. UK. particularly for dense-phase transport. Pipelines International Editor-in-Chief The techno-economics of a phased approach to developing a UK CO2 pipeline network By Saulat Lone. more importantly. storage assessments. UK. there is a dearth of published material on this specific aspect of the so-called carbon economy. Escalation to a propagating fracture can be controlled using methods which are widely used and understood in the pipeline industry. a new UK network is established to carry emissions from largescale producers of CO2. the subject of transportation from the material's capture site to its storage site seems only recently to have begun to be considered. In a second phase of development. and operating pressure for long CO2 pipelines By Graeme G King. and participates in a number of joint-industry projects and other initiatives on this subject. Houston.5–1 MMt/a. he issue includes a number of papers written for the Forum. the crack will arrest as it enters warmer material remote from the leak. There are anthropogenic sources. the committee is composed of Dr Julia Race of the University. Newcastle upon Tyne. The authors have developed a series of idealised scenarios where. toughness needed to control long ductile fractures. the Forum was organised by Tiratsoo Technical. While not a permanent solution. steel toughness. and. a division of Great Southern Press. Clarion Technical Conferences and the University of Newcastle. Masdar Carbon. Canada. a phased approach to developing a CO2 pipeline network. For all scenarios. Compared to other pipeline distances for natural or hydrocarbon pipelines. Shipping is rising as a potential solution and more consideration is being given to the impact of clusters and networks. and. and the science and engineering developed for the latter can therefore not necessarily be straightforwardly applied to the former. It is suggested this local cooling would lower the pipe wall temperature to an extent that would initiate a brittle fracture. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Ltd. with an earlier issue. it is important to remember that these pipelines transport ‘pure’ CO2 either from geologic reservoirs or from extraction plants. Loughborough. and oil and gas processing plants in Abu Dhabi in a phased series of projects. smelters. being both at high temperatures and pressures. identify the gaps. with each tier experiencing an increase in marginal transport costs. While there are some benefits offered to smaller sources by a phased approach. this is a relatively small experience base. UK A hypothetical concern has been raised that leaks in a CO2 pipeline could escalate to a propagating fracture. it can enable the continued use of hydrocarbon-based power generation and reduce emissions from industrial processes. it might be possible to add a large number of smaller sources for relatively little additional cost. Held in July. Captured CO2 will be transported in a new national CO2 pipeline network with a nominal capacity of 20 MMt/a to oil reservoirs where it will be injected for reservoir management and sequestration. and the organising committee is currently soliciting papers for the Forum. John Tiratsoo of Tiratsoo Technical. Will fractures propagate in a leaking CO2 pipeline? By Dr Robert Andrews. Transportation of CO2 in a CCS scheme is critically important but has not been well addressed. Dr Jane Haswell. code requirements. UK A phased approach to developing a CCS pipeline network would see an initial ‘backbone’ system constructed to collect CO2 from the very largest sources. followed by a transition to a propagating fracture. Satish Kumar. a rule of diminishing returns operates. and. industrial facilities. Although such a mechanism could theoretically occur in natural gas pipelines. industry needs to understand and make use of what experience is available and transferable and. The sensitivity of the costs to changes in the network configuration and design assumptions is investigated. While increasing attention is paid to storage and capture technology. Sandro Macchietto. In such a new field set for rapid growth. This is critical in decarbonising while renewable and cleaner energy sources come online to resolve the issues around energy security and security of supply. Darlington.5 MPa. UK CCS is acknowledged as one of the key technologies in CO2 abatement. there is increased concern for CO2 transport because of the different thermodynamic behaviour of the contents. Prof. initially. the concern – if any – is the fluid being transferred and the dynamics of the system. Tensor Engineering Ltd. UK. Imperial College London. As readers of Pipelines International may know. research increases and demonstration projects drive capture technology development. The majority of pipelines are installed for the purposes of enhanced oil recovery. Chaired by Professor Martin Downie of the University of Newcastle. Once the backbone was in place. indicating the cost per tonne of CO2 transport. The work selected a design pressure of 24. Imperial College London. However. Limited crack extension may occur when the leak is through a ‘tight’ crack in a material of low toughness. and containing considerable gaseous impurities. Russell Cooper. In particular. For more information email jtiratsoo@gs-press. and BJ Lowe of Clarion Technical Conferences. Dr Tim Cockerill. A final third phase incorporates small producers with emissions in the range 0. one using intermediate repressurisation stations and one relying only on initial pressurisation. The University is at the heart of much research into the area of CO2 transportation. two different approaches to network construction have been compared. T CO2 transport infrastructure key learning and critical issues By James Watt. While pipeline design is common practice. Europe. which reviews progress in this field. This is due to the potentially large temperature drop associated with the expansion of either gaseous or dense-phase CO2 to ambient conditions. Abu Dhabi. including key or bjlowe@clarion. Systems that do exist are also different. The Second International Forum of Transportation of CO2 by Pipeline will be held at the Newcastle-Gateshead Hilton Hotel on 22–23 June 2011.000 km of CO2 pipelines have been operational in the US for a number of years. Warwick. Although the concept of carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been relatively well-known for a number of years. steel works. often using natural sources. pipe toughness. encompasses a broad overview of many aspects of the CO2 transport by pipeline. Alberta. National Grid Gas Transmission.000 km globally. medium-scale emitters are added to the network. BMT Fleet Technology. defined as more than 3 MMt/a. transportation issues still lag behind. How to select wall thickness. AMEC Power and Process. This paper critically reviews the literature associated with this postulated failure mechanism and other studies on the cooling of cracks and holes by escaping fluid. and operating pressure of the network considered fundamental thermodynamic properties of CO2. ICEPT. The gaseous material involved in CCS schemes – often now known as anthropogenic CO2 – is very different. project design and operating issues. The design of the wall thickness. Calgary. It is concluded that pipelines constructed to modern standards are not at risk. Department of Chemical Engineering. Anthropogenic CO2 does not behave like natural gas. This article highlights several of the papers from the December issue of the Journal of Pipeline Engineering which.Technical Technical Dealing with the technicalities of CO2 pipelines By John Tiratsoo. and cost optimisation to resolve contention between the different technical requirements and arrive at a safe and economical pipeline design. UAE Masdar Carbon is planning to capture CO2 from power plants. The amount of CO2 pipelines is approximately 6. UK. well above the critical point for CO2 and much higher than is normally seen in conventional oil and gas pipelines. This paper analyses the technoeconomics of a phased approach to rolling out a comprehensive UK CO2 onshore pipeline network. the majority of which are in North America. the December issue of the Journal of Pipeline Engineering is dedicated to this topic. Although many are quick to point out that over 7. for the specific purpose of enhanced oil recovery. but not many. written by Dr Julia Race of the University of Newcastle. The authors’ results compare the construction and transportation costs of the different network configurations in each 42 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 43 .

According to Inline Services “The majority of highly efficient cleaning pigs are mandrel pigs. such as between petrol and various other types of fuel. some foam pigs can have a crisscross pattern with silicone carbine implanted in the pig. diameter changes. One of Inline Service s’ cleaning pigs after a run through a pipelin e. cups and discs Mandrel pigs have a metal body with seals. Pig manufacturing company Rosen says that there are three considerations that interact when choosing the right cleaning pig for the job: the duty of the pig. and whether the pipeline has an internal coating. and for repair and decommissioning. Batching refers to when a pig is used between batches of Brushes can be attached to cleaning pigs for extra abrasion. The travel speed in turn determines the force of the pig’s cleaning edge. or running all-urethane pigs. Extra discs. and the product’s varied uses. causing partial blockage. In addition. cleaning pigs are available in a number of different designs. using drive or cleaning cups and discs. BJB says “Solid urethane pigs have a longer wear life than foam pigs but have less flexibility. providing extra abrasion resistance in medium-length pipe runs. and can be designed to be used in batching or displacement of fluids in petroleum. Following this. and can be refurbished for use on different pipeline projects.” Light-density foam pigs are often used to soak-up liquids as their open-cell foam aids drying the pipeline after hydrostatic testing.” Continued on page 46 ›› Types of cleaning pig Because of the differences inherent in each pipeline. According to Enduro “Foam pigs are good to clean a dry pipeline once the bulk of the water or liquids have been removed.” Inline Services says that discs are used to either seal or scrape the pipe wall. C A cleaning pig with brushes attached.” Polyurethane pigs are often used on internally-coated pipelines. when there may be a large amount of debris present in the system.” BJB explains “Medium and high-density foam pigs are often used as the first pigs in a cleaning operation because they are able to push significant quantities of loose debris in the line. BJB explains that it provides cups of different shapes that vary in cleaning strength. valves. millscale. intersections and intrusive devices. Here. for an ovality check or for gauging the internal diameter of the pipe. or for batching. or aggressive brushes that are matched for the application and conditions.” Rosen agrees. leaning pigs can be used to remove dirt or general construction debris that may have been left inside the pipe during construction. scraper cups or discs on the exterior. and the operating conditions of the pipeline. in the commissioning process. or have a silicone carbine coating for more-aggressive cleaning. “Sealing discs are usually softer. A displacement pig displaces one fluid with another and is used 44 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 45 . as they are not equipped with cleaning devices that could damage or remove the coating. and are flexible enough to pass through many restrictions. dewatering and drying after testing. chemical or process industry pipelines. crude oil lines can get a heavy wax build-up and sometimes require extra discs on the pig to clean the line.” BJB Services and Enduro Pipeline Services point to other characteristics such as the type of launch and receive facilities present on the pipeline. Girard Industries agrees. During operation. and to control corrosion. as a sealing pig.Pigging Pigging Cleaning pigs – maintaining pipeline integrity Cleaning pigs are integral for the maintenance of pipeline infrastructure at any stage of the asset’s life – from construction to operation. during the hydrostatic testing process they can be propelled through the pipeline with the test water as a tool to expel air from the line. have concave ends or flat ends. The scraper cup has a similar profile. Solid polyurethane pigs are also used as a first or second pig for a cleaning operation. a cleaning pig with brushes can be used. An Enduro cleaning pig. If a gas pipeline is free of internal coating. while scraping or guide discs are sized close to the pipe’s internal diameter and made from harder materials. They can be bullet shaped. the geometry of the pipeline. “A conical cup is our least aggressive cup profile and is generally used when the condition of the line is not well known or significant quantities of debris are expected. you would start with undersized pigs and work your way up to running metal-bodied pigs in different configurations. as a combination clean/sealing pig. with higher-speed pigs being able to remove tougher debris. be coated. Pipelines International looks at the basics of cleaning pigs. Cups are also used to push debris out of a pipeline. The shape of the pig dictates how fast it travels while in the pipe. brushes or cups can be provided to attach to mandrel pigs to scrape extra debris: for example. For this. They are also good to use when starting a cleaning programme. Mandrel pigs. product. Foam and polyurethane pigs Foam and polyurethane pigs are available in various densities and shapes. cleaning pigs are used to remove debris. paraffin wax and other deposits for a more efficient flow of product. The pigs can be used to clean the line. stating that guiding and sealing discs for mandrel pigs have the same hardness as a polyurethane pig. saying that it is important to consider “pipeline characteristics which include bends. a cleaning pig is used to dewater and dry the pipeline before commissioning. but has a built-in scraper edge providing a more aggressive clean.

with pig-tracking equipment becoming much more sensitive. This is especially effective in wax. and wireless applications beginning to appear on the scene. le from BJB Servi r cups. availab Several Lineboa Girard Industries adds “A disc pig is generally considered more efficient at removing liquids than a cup pig. Liquids’ pipelines are best cleaned with a pig equipped with cleaning devices attached. pipeline and power industries increase profitability. this is a sign that industry awareness of pigging is improving. For additional information about Quest Integrity’s products and services visit www. ipeline operators have long been aware of the need to manage and maintain the integrity of their 46 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 47 .” Rosen also says that it supplies a large variety of accessories for cleaning pigs such as spring-loaded brushes. fully self-contained. such as brushes. geometry. sludge. including 1D bends. cleaning prior to inspection has increased dramatically. A cleaning pig coming out of the pipeline after a pig run. and wall thickness. standard accessory flanges for installation of transmitters and data loggers. “In addition to the use of pencil brushes to clean corrosion pits. BJB Services says that pig designs are becoming increasingly diversified to allow for greater flexibility when cleaning a line.” the company says. flat coarse bristles. Pipelines may contain flaws or other damage. allow operators to analyse and make decisions that affect continuing reliability.” P Asset Longevity Plant & Pipeline Performance We provide highly accurate. technology-enabled inspection and assessment solutions that help companies in the process. Generally brushes are used when more aggressive cleaning is required to remove tough debris. repeatable. we are responsive to your needs and focused on empowering your operating and maintenance decisions. Recent advances and proven deployment of compact.” Inline Services has also observed a number of market developments. free flowing in-line inspection tool. highly accurate ultrasonic inspection tools for unpiggable and difficult-to-inspect pipelines. both metallic and nonmetallic brushes can be attached to mandrel pigs. and Roplast Easy Clean for pre-commissioning and routine pigging operations in most pipelines. Although inspection tools are very robust. Quest Integrity Group has developed a number of leading-edge solutions for the inspection and assessment of unpiggable pipelines. A cleaning pi g available from Inline Services. or that have not had a pig run through them in over ten years. it provides direct measurement of anomaly characteristics for superior pipeline integrity assessment. reduce operational and safety risks and improve operational planning. Hopefully. there are several new innovative concepts being used. which can remove fine solids that may have settled in the pipeline. we are seeing that the majority of the cups we have sold over the past year are being run in lines that have never been pigged. Quest Integrity Group is built on a foundation of leading edge science and technology that has innovated and shaped industries for nearly forty Fitness-for-service assessment Fitness-for-service assessment is a multi-disciplinary approach to evaluate structural components to determine if they are fit for continued service. “In the United States. InVista is an ultrasonic. Quest Integrity Group’s LifeQuest pipeline assessment solution uses API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 fitness-for-service methodology to deliver an assessment of the pipeline for continued operation at defined maximum allowable operating pressure. A conical cup. The disc cup is designed for heavy-duty scraping. ces. Unlike other systems. they require a clean pipeline to ensure that the environment they are operating in allows for collection of usable data. Market developments One of E nduro’s cleaning pigs. The tool is easily launched and bi-directional. Enduro states that it is working toward improving its pig designs for dual-diameter and multiple-diameter pipelines. +1 281-557-2255 +1 253-893-7070 www. Enduro states “Brushes can be manufactured from a number of different materials: round wire bristles. “We are working on custom-designing pigs for pipelines that have in the past been deemed non-piggable due to diameter changes or other ‘non-piggable’ features.Pigging Pigging Fitness-for-service assessment of unpiggable pipelines A standard BJB Services cleaning pig with two disc cups. in addition to engineering assessment.” In Sales@QuestIntegrity. One is the use of cutter discs which incorporate a serrated outer edge that helps to scrape debris from the pipe wall. and black powder applications. 100 per cent coverage data that can be used to manage pipeline reliability. We have also seen an increase in the number of launcher and receiver installations over the past year. As a dynamic business with a global presence. An evaluation of remaining life and/or inspection intervals may also be part of such an assessment. ‹‹ Continued FROM page 45 Advanced ultrasonic in-line inspection tools provide accurate. pencil brushes and nylon bristles. and is designed to provide high-resolution measurement data of axial position. The tool detects internal and external corrosion in addition to the dimensional change in difficult configurations. or may be subject to more severe operating conditions than the original design anticipated. “With the current demand for inspecting pipelines with in-line inspection tools.

The Exhibition is an excellent chance to see the latest products first hand and speak one-on-one with company representatives who can provide tailored advice to specific queries. which allows in-depth discussion of technical issues and an opportunity for targeted networking among delegates involved in pipeline pigging and in-line management services. • Performing pipeline rehabilitation. product and service providers. Kick start a successful business year at PPIM 2011 The acclaimed Pipeline Pigging & Integrity Management Conference is back in Houston for its 23rd year bringing together industry experts to talk all things pipeline Don’t miss out – register online! Don’t miss out on your chance to re-connect with management and field operating personnel from transmission companies concerned with improved operations and integrity management.clarion. Courses to be run include: • Defect assessment in pipelines. Training courses will run from 14–15 February 2011 and will be a significant benefit to those in the industry looking to update their skills and be introduced to the latest tools for the job. and research and developers leading the way in technology innovations for the industry. and receive comprehensive product and service information from the industry’s biggest names at the exhibition – all while making and renewing important business contacts. and. Putting the industry on show The 2011 Exhibition has already sold out and boasts the biggest names in pipeline pigging and integrity management. PPIM’s history of success and reputation for excellence ensures all of the important industry players are on show. • Introduction to excavation inspection and applied NDE for pipeline integrity assessment. the timing of the Conference is ideal for industry members to reinvigorate business contacts after the New Year holiday period and set the scene for an outstanding year of business in 2011. Chevron ETC’s Luc Huyse and Albert van Roodselaar will present their paper on the effects of ILI sizing uncertainties on the accuracy of the largest features and corrosion rate or call us at +1 713 521 5929 PLATINUM SPONSOR SILVER SPONSOR What sets PPIM apart from other pipeline events? • Now in its 23rd year. The international gathering of the global pigging industry! Conference Organizers A full list of exhibitors can be found at www. USA This event is supported by Platinum Sponsor Rosen and Silver Sponsor A. • PPIM is the industry’s only forum devoted exclusively to pigging for maintenance and inspection. Plan to be there: www. Pipeline Engineering’s Geoff Wilkinson will provide an overview of a patented Automatic Multiple Pig Launching system that has been developed to individually launch pigs from a preloaded cassette. manufacturers and suppliers from around the globe to hear the latest technical papers presented by industry leaders. INTECSEA’s Leo Aldeen. • Taking place in February.Pigging REGISTE R TODA Y Visit the Clarion website to register now www. BP’s Leith McDonald and industry consultant Dave Agerton will discuss the increased use of multi-dimensional pipelines in the industry and the challenges this raises for pigging. Day 2 will see TransCanada PipeLines’ Jim Marr summarise field experience results of the latest generation EMAT in-line inspection (ILI) tool used to test the integrity of sections of pipelines susceptible to stress-corrosion cracking. Make sure you start 2011 informed of the latest practices and products shaping the pigging and in-line management industry – register before 17 January 2011 for the PPIM Conference early bird discount. Hak Industrial Services 2011 PPIM Conference and Exhibition dates Training courses: 14–15 February 2011 Conference programme: 16–17 February 2011 Exhibition: 15–17 February 2011 Courses Conference Exhibition Now entering it 23rd year. Upgrade your skills to industry best practice A range of technical training courses will precede the PPIM exhibitors The Pipelines International team will be on hand to bring you all of the Conference news and looks forward to seeing you there! 48 Pipelines International | December 2010 . allowing delegates the opportunity to upgrade their skills to industry best practice. Marriott Westchase Hotel Houston. • Pigging and ILI. • Pipeline repair methods/in-service welding. • Advanced pipeline risk management. he Pipeline Pigging & Integrity Management (PPIM) Conference and Exhibition will allow pipeline operators and pigging engineers. update their skills at one of the eight training courses preceding the conference. the PPIM Conference is recognized as the foremost international forum for sharing and learning about best practices in lifetime maintenance and condition-monitoring technology for natural gas. crude oil and product pipelines.cla rion. • Stress corrosion cracking. The full list of speakers and abstracts of their papers can we found at www. • US Department of Transport pipeline safety regulations. T Hear it first at the Conference On Day 1.

onshore oil and gas field development. email news@pipelinesinternational. TW18 3DT UK Tel: +44 1784 417 200 Contact: Graham Freeth www. and their capabilities Areas served Contact Level requesting a questionnaire. Chertsey Lane.pseuk. Using this feature you will quickly be able to understand the capabilities of the participating companies. Hatch can provide services for pipelines 6–42 inches in Queensland 4000 Australia Tel: +61 7 3316 3000 Contact: Barbara Jinks www. Areas served Contact Thames Plaza. CB&I provides a range of engineering for onshore pipelines including: • Conceptual studies • FEED • Detailed engineering • Procurement services • Project management and field services.atteris. and the regions they serve. TX 77079-9000 USA Tel: +1 713 850 3400 Contact: Robert 840 7th Ave SW Suite 700 Calgary. The company can work in the diameter range of 4–60 inches. Gulf Interstate Engineering (GIE) provides a range of engineering services for both onshore and offshore pipelines including: • Conceptual studies • Surveying and mapping • FEED • Detailed engineering • Procurement services • Project management and field services. Staines.gie. Africa Asia Pacific Europe Middle East North America South America subsea pipelines risers & tie-in spools shoreline crossings Design engineers for subsea pipeline systems +61 (0)8 9322 7922 info@atteris.Engineering contractors feature Engineering contractors feature A snapshot of engineering contractors Pipelines International is taking the legwork out of researching the right engineering contractor for your next job by providing a snapshot of pipeline engineering companies. Houston. Hatch Associates Hatch Associates provides a range of engineering for onshore pipelines including: • Conceptual studies • Surveying and mapping via a known subcontractor • FEED • Detailed engineering • Procurement services • Project management. JP Kenny can provide services for pipelines 4–56 inches in diameter as well as services for subsea systems. Company Description Atteris provides a range of engineering services for both onshore and offshore pipelines including: • Conceptual studies • FEED • Detailed engineering • Project management and field services. GHD provides a range of engineering services for both onshore and offshore pipelines including: • Conceptual studies • FEED • Detailed engineering • Procurement services • Project management and field services. diameter and pipeline length Atteris Africa Asia Pacific North America JP Kenny Africa Asia Pacific Europe Middle East North America South America CB&I Africa Asia Pacific Europe Middle East South America GHD Asia Pacific Europe Middle East North America South America 199–203 Charlotte Street Gulf Plaza 16010 Barkers Point concept design detail design construction management 50 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 51 . The data in this feature have been provided by the companies themselves and all claims are their Pipeline Execution Centre 40 Eastbourne Terrace London W2 6LG UK Tel: +44 20 7053 3000 Contact: Harry Sheftali www. Western Australia 6000 Australia Tel: +61 8 9322 7922 Contact: Eric Jas www. AB T2P 3G2 Canada Tel: +1 403 269 9555 Calgary contact: Sean Weber Australian contact: Mark Coates Tel: +61 7 3166 7777 Pipeline System Engineering Africa Asia Pacific Europe Middle East North America South America 26/28 Hammersmith Grove London W6 7BA UK Tel: +44 20 8834 1002 Contact: Roberto Pirani www. including onshore/offshore Gulf Interstate Engineering Company Africa Asia Pacific Europe Middle East North America South America The March edition of Pipelines International will feature companies providing offshore construction services for the pipeline industry. their engineering capabilities. Suite 600.atteris. renewable energy. 5 Pine Trees. The company can work on pipelines from 1–42 inches in diameter.hatch. If your company specialises in offshore construction and is interested in being included in the March feature. PSE works on pipelines of 6–56 inches in diameter as well as pump stations and terminals. CB&I works on pipelines 8–56 inches in diameter. The company can undertake work on pipelines 3–48 inches in diameter. Pipeline System Engineering (PSE) provides a range of engineering services for both onshore and offshore pipelines including: • Conceptual studies • Surveying and mapping • FEED • Detailed engineering • Project management and field services. 220 St Georges Company Description JP Kenny provides a range of engineering for onshore and offshore pipelines including: • Conceptual studies • Surveying and mapping • FEED • Detailed engineering • Procurement services • Project management and field www. Sprick www.

gas and water. but extending the life of existing pipelines has a significant environmental impact as environmentally-disruptive reconstruction or Mr Chalker also says that members frequently collaborate via educational courses. “In a world in which corrosion continually challenges and threatens our industrial infrastructure.” says Mr Chalker." – NACE International Executive Director Bob Chalker Addressing the issue of corrosion Mr Chalker explains that the cornerstone of pipeline integrity is proper maintenance. The association aims to raise awareness of the need to invest in corrosion control personnel at all levels and strongly supports career development in this area. NACE is now involved in every industry and area of corrosion prevention and control.” NACE’s membership includes scientists. Not only is pipeline corrosion prevention important for the safety of the individuals and businesses surrounding pipelines. “Today. A new fouryear corrosion engineering degree from the University of Akron in Ohio. The association is at the forefront of anti-corrosion standard best practices and training and certification programs that will extend the life of infrastructure assets. NACE and its members regularly communicate with public policy makers and the corrosion industry to improve upon the maintenance standards that are already in place and to build pipelines that keep the flow of oil and natural to establish standards and best practices for maintaining the infrastructure that preserves quality of life and keeps the economy competitive. NACE has become the largest organisation in the world committed to the study of corrosion. field technicians. NACE has a global network of training and certification providers that have been dedicated to training corrosion personnel for more than 50 years. demonstrates the importance of corrosion as a stand-alone educational discipline. from chemical processing and water systems. goals. which is the common denominator in all aging infrastructure issues. conferences and programmes to discuss the most efficient ways to ensure the safe and efficient transport of oil. field technicians. Established in 1943 by eleven corrosion engineers in the pipeline industry. For more information visit www. USA. These founding members were involved in a regional cathodic protection (CP) group.” he says. to keep the public and the environment safe from corrosionrelated failures. NACE International ACE International is a technical society committed to developing corrosion prevention and control standards. by knowledgeable professionals.Meet the Association Meet the Association Committed to corrosion prevention: With more than 25.” The association also has a key focus on education. and to protect the economy from the impact of failed assets.” – bob chalker gas steady while keeping citizens safe. Executive Director of NACE International Bob Chalker says “Corrosion science has evolved to become its own legitimate engineering discipline with globallyimplemented advanced technologies to manage corrosion. engineers and technicians from a range of organisations.” according to Mr Chalker. NACE expects that the future will hold more of these four-year degrees and that the association will continue to grow. more attention needs to be paid to corrosion expertise than ever before. Mr Chalker adds “NACE is not a trade association representing one group. NACE was originally known as the National Association of Corrosion Engineers. to transportation and infrastructure protection. In the future. It is an educational group connecting researchers. scientists. Built upon decades of knowledge and expertise from dedicated members around the world. replacement projects can be avoided. NACE and its members establish standards for technologies that control the effects of corrosion. extending its useful life. and even industrial painters to establish standards and best practices for maintaining the infrastructure that preserves quality of life and keeps the economy competitive.000 members in over 100 countries. “NACE members are dedicated to improving and maintaining 52 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 53 .nace. including infrastructure operators and suppliers of maintenance and life-extending technologies. “This is the sweet spot for NACE and its members: the development and deployment of cutting-edge technologies that extend the useful life of the world’s industrial infrastructure. including condition assessment. “The main issue facing the integrity and maintenance of pipelines continues to be corrosion prevention. “NACE is not a trade group representing one group.000 participants from more than 20 countries come together to share best practices in corrosion control and to learn new techniques from almost 400 exhibitors. NACE also serves as the forum for public policy makers to learn about corrosion prevention and its role in extending the life of infrastructure. high-quality training and certification for corrosion professionals are much more accessible. bridges and other assets that corrode over time. and the longevity of pipelines. which formed in the 1930s. Texas. when the study of CP was introduced. “With changing and aging infrastructure. USA. It is an educational group connecting researchers. Mr Chalker concludes “It is through these forward thinking practices that a higher standard of safety and maintenance will be developed throughout the pipeline industry. and even industrial painters N "This is the sweet spot for NACE and its members: the development and deployment of cutting-edge technologies that extend the useful life of the world’s industrial infrastructure. Pipelines International spoke to NACE International Executive Director Bob Chalker about its background. NACE hopes that organisations will continue to be increasingly proactive in their maintenance activities to reduce the likelihood of corrosion and adopt a new perspective that considers the consequences of corrosion and prioritises maintenance activities on a risk basis. and plans for the future. such as the annual NACE CORROSION event. where more than 6. Mark your calendar for NACE CORROSION 2011 to be held on 13–17 March 2011 at the George R. Left and right: NACE International is committed to corrosion research for the improvement and maintenance of infrastructure such as pipelines.” NACE members participate in major conferences. Brown Convention Centre in Houston. scientists.” he says. engineers. engineers.

This can be attributed to regular monitoring and maintenance of the mainline and CP system. extreme weather conditions were experienced. A second SPM system was installed at Salaya to handle the additional crude oil. petroleum products and gas pipelines.History History The Salaya – Mathura Pipeline System By Anil Tandon. as The construction process The Salaya – Mathura Pipeline was laid by establishing two main spreads in each section. During Panipat Mathura Chaksu Viramgam Salaya Koyali The Salaya – Mathura Pipeline route. grading. In-house engineers at IOC prepared a detailed project report based on surveys. While working on many of the river crossings. and canals were crossed using the submerged crossings method. Indian Oil Corporation Limited – Pipeline Division. pump stations. and covers a total distance of more than 1. Currently. lowering-in.200 km. The project also included the SPM system in the Gulf of Kutch along with an onshore terminal at Salaya. while the other group looked after trenching. stringing and welding.000 km. The initial transmission capacity of the Salaya – Viramgam section was 10 MMt/a. Cathodic protection (CP) was also installed on the pipeline system as protection against external corrosion. flash flooding occurred. construction crews for each spread were divided into two groups – one crew was responsible for front-end activities such as right-of-way. canal and river crossings. IOC was operating a products pipeline network of 2. crude oil characteristics and the and the quantity applied was required to make sure that optimum thickness was achieved. welding. The system was planned to deliver imported and Bombay High crude oil from India’s west coast to the company’s proposed refinery at Mathura in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The high temperatures experienced during the summer would soften the coating.843 km. Expanding the Salaya – Mathura Pipeline IOC decided to set up a refinery with a capacity of 6 MMt/a in India’s northwest region near the district now called Panipat. Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. ndian Oil Corporation (IOC) proposed the Salaya – Mathura Pipeline System in the early 1970s. The capacity of the Viramgam – Koyali section was initially planned to be 3 MMt/a and that of the Viramgam – Mathura section was 7 MMt/a. Since the commissioning of the pipeline in 1978. presented many challenges during pipeline construction. hydraulic design of the system. While the Salaya – Mathura Pipeline system is ageing. and heavy rains for a three to four month period in Uttar Pradesh. IOC had set up a single point mooring (SPM) system in the Gulf of Kutch to receive imported and Bombay High crude oil via tankers. Indian Oil Corporation’s Salaya – Mathura Pipeline System was constructed in three sections. During the initial construction period of the Salaya – Mathura Pipeline. channels. specialised teams would focus on the construction of railway. Manager (MS). Protecting the pipeline The mainline was coated with coal tar enamel (CTE) for protection against corrosion. In 1978. IOC wanted to achieve the shortest route possible while avoiding hilly areas. a 141 km.Sudhakar. In addition. and heavy rains for a three to four month period in Uttar Pradesh. As such. road. the crude was to be transported via the proposed Mathura – Salaya Pipeline to the company’s refinery in Mathura. highly populated areas. horizontal direction drilling technology was not common. all rivers. and mining areas when possible.200 km pipeline route. crossing bodies of water was made difficult by flooding. I Construction continued through both winter and summer seasons. which increased risk when completing the open-cut submerged crossings. channels. on the Viramgam – Mathura section. tank farms and other facilities have been added to the system to meet India’s energy demands. and to IOC’s Koyali Refinery via a branch line. marshland. numerous branch pipelines. wildlife sanctuaries. with temperatures rising to 50 degrees Celsius in the summer in the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat. a 24 inch diameter. streams. as well as laying a branch line from Chaksu to the Panipat Refinery. over the-ditch pipe and joint coating. located at Abu Road and Sendra. which extends 803 km from Viramgam to Mathura. Vadinar. such as the rocky and hilly terrain of Rajasthan and the agricultural fields in the state of Uttar Pradesh. which includes crude oil. From Chaksu. backfilling and tie-ins. Spread camps were strategically located so that the mainline could be covered with minimal movement of men and machine. At the time when the Salaya – Mathura Pipeline was laid. resulting in the development of coating ‘holidays’. forest reserves. 18 inch diameter pipeline from Viramgam to Koyali and a 24 inch diameter pipeline. 54 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 55 . The expansion involved the construction of a number of loop lines and additional intermediate pump stations. with temperatures rising to 50 degrees Celsius in summer in the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat. Apart from these two major divisions. Construction works underway on the Salaya – Mathura Pipeline. The pipeline system included a station at Salaya. The design was evaluated by consultant Pipe Line Technologists. Also. streams. and the tie-ins. The pipeline project comprised a 275 km. two pump stations at Viramgam. For this project. Executive Director – Projects. The expansion was carried out between 1994 and 1996. Passing through India’s of Gujarat. The company planned to supply crude oil to the refinery by increasing the capacity of the Salaya – Mathura Pipeline by 6 MMt/a. and Y. Construction continued through both winter and summer seasons. radiography. Harris of Holland. A detailed project report for offshore facilities was prepared by an Indian consulting firm Engineers India Ltd with backup support from Fedric R. From here. with the option to increase to 12 MMt/a following an envisaged expansion of the Koyali Refinery. and canals along the route were crossed using the submerged crossings method. the company operates a pipeline network of over 11. the construction period of this pipeline. through a subsea pipeline system and twin onshore pipelines. spur lines. 349 km branch line was laid to the refinery in Panipat. Project details well as two intermediate stations. 28 inch diameter pipeline from Salaya to Viramgam. horizontal direction drilling (HDD) technology was not common. This coating was applied over the ditch. The crude oil was delivered into storage tanks at Salaya. IOC has plans to further increase the capacity of the Salaya – Mathura Pipeline System to approximately 25 MMt/a. Close monitoring of the temperature of the CTE During the construction period of this pipeline. Facing the elements The varied environmental conditions along the 1. Currently. a recent intelligent pig survey found that the pipeline is in good condition. Route selection was guided by a number of criteria. Because of this all rivers. the technologies available for laying the pipeline and completing the crossings were not as evolved as those currently available in India. acquisition.

pressurised by the pipeline gas. half filled with hydraulic oil. ek pass specialises in the development and delivery of heavy equipment and safety training.8 t load capacity. sometimes with difficult technical features such as high temperatures or deep water. Virtually any brush pattern and brush angle could be achieved depending on the application.” ipeLine Machinery International (PLM) and ek pass have partnered for the provision of global training and consulting services for the pipeline industry. Overseeing operator safety compliance The focus of the Gas and Pipelines Unit’s efforts are to improve health and safety outcomes in the UK through progressive improvements in risk management. gathering plants. and wellhead pipework. In the UK there are approximately 22. Liebherr’s RL44 Galaxy pencil brushes on trial in Gulf of Suez Key elements of the HSE’s regulatory regime for ensuring pipeline safety can be found here: www. For more information. Galaxy pencil end brushes are used on magnetic flux leakage pipeline inspection applications. The SH series actuator is operated by hydraulic oil. storage facilities and meter runs.maats. The brushes were attached to the rear of standard bi-directional pigs and were used to remove mineral scales and Maats and Liebherr develop environmentally-friendly equipment L ek pass offers computer-based and webbased training programs.plmcat. operated. biodiesel fuel is safer to store. custom training delivered in classrooms. with 90. through e-learning – in whatever format the contractors or owning companies require. safety reports under the Control of Major Accident Hazard Regulations 1999 (COMAH). The Gas and Pipelines Unit is responsible for the enforcement of health and safety law in relation to all pipelines in the UK. Often these new developments are subsea and involve new pipelines. As a result industry is considering options to extend operational parameters beyond previously accepted levels. The bulk of the training comprises hands-on learning. Biodiesel is not only more environmentally friendly.000 km of these MAHPs transport natural gas at above 700 kilopascals. and by the new players who now operate some fields. and. “Well-established pipeline standards have been the cornerstone of delivering high standards of safety and we will continue to encourage their development. basic maintenance.032. The actuators can be used for standard on/off service or as part of an emergency shutdown system. pig traps. the HSE develops intervention plans relating to each pipeline and operator to reflect risk and other parameters. sub-sea isolation valves. For more information visit www. Designed for 50 years of operation. For more information visit www. Training begins with classroom instruction where fundamentals including safety.000 km of pipelines defined as major accident hazard pipelines (MAHPs) by the Pipelines Safety Regulations 1996.ekpass. visit the PLM website at www. it enforces health and safety laws for operators of pipelines classed as MAHPs. into and out of the countries. pressure protection systems. Any variety of biodiesel fuel. and. These actuators have been designed to automate valves used for gas transmission pipelines as well as at compressor stations.emersonprocess.9 t load Some installations are approaching the end of their design life and operators are looking for novel means of recovery of hydrocarbons from marginal fields. reduce flow restrictions and prepare the lines for intelligent pigging. pipeline aspects of safety cases under the Offshore Safety Case Regulations 2005. rials of Galaxy pencil brushes have been completed in several oil pipelines in the Gulf of T Galaxy's brushes mounted on a pig. with 45. In particular. there is a continuing programme of bringing new oil and gas fields on stream. Approximately 20. In addition. handle and transport. at job sites. HSE also inspects pipelines during the operation phase as part of its National Transmission System (NTS) intervention plan. P E For more information visit www. but it is also much safer than standard diesel. The brush size. The new Generation 4 Liebherr pipelayers are now compatible with environmentally-friendly fluids. which is the basis of HSE’s inspections for all 6. operation and maintenance regimes. Pipeline operators in Great Britain are required to comply with a number of different aspects of legislation and regulations to ensure the pipelines are properly designed. Head of Gas and Pipelines Unit Tony Hetherington said “We must ensure that safety standards are maintained both by established operating companies under pressure to cut costs. This is so the contaminants and moisture in the gas will settle to the bottom of the tank where they can be easily 56 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 57 . HSE’s specialist pipelines inspectors assess the way each operator manages the risk through examination of design. The strategy document states that while production from the UK offshore oil and gas industry is declining. trim length and mounting plate geometry are customised to specific needs and tool characteristics. This is significant because it means that approximately 126 litres of mineral oil on the RL44 or 215 litres for the RL64 can be conserved and replaced by an environmentally-friendly filling. pipeline notifications under the Pipelines Safety Regulations 1996 (PSR). built. and the RL64. The inspector examines pipelines and above ground installations during the construction phase to make sure that the materials and techniques being used are in accordance with the design. which complies with either the DIN-EN 14214 or the ASTM D6751 specifications. Three sizes of SH are available to suit 2–8 inch valves with a torque range between 254 Newton metres and 2. the RL44. maintained and decommissioned.800 km of the system. helping to control internal corrosion. • The HSE consults with stakeholders and central government in the development of new pipeline safety regulations. HSE – keeping UK’s pipelines safe The United Kingdom’s Health and Safety Executive understands the important role that onshore and offshore pipelines play in providing an economic method for transporting large volumes of hazardous and non-hazardous substances across. backed up by inspection of the assets themselves. the actuator has a 15-year seal life and a 10 year warranty. Both models.hse.37 Newton metres. are now completely suitable for use with biodegradable fluids. The remainder transport ethylene and other volatile fluids. and by working with the Offshore Division (OSD) to ensure the integrity of offshore installations and associated pipelines. addressing a variety of areas ranging from clearing to clean-up. bristle density. Both machines can also be operated with biodiesel instead of standard diesel. “By teaming with ek pass we connect our customers with world class.galaxybrushes. This is achieved by ensuring that risks are properly controlled at onshore MAHP sites. Looking to the future The HSE Gas and Pipeline Unit’s Operational Strategy 2008–13 outlines the new challenges facing the industry in the immediate future.” PLM Senior Vice President Tony Fernandez said. Powering the actuator with oil is intended to prevent the internal corrosion associated with other actuator The SH Series valve actuator designs. • Ensuring that operators develop and use key performance and safety performance indicators to ensure that they gather and evaluate the information they need to manage pipeline risks. Liebherr’s RL64 iebherr and Maats Pipeline Equipment have taken the next step in developing environmentallyfriendly pipeline equipment. risers. which require specialised engineering solutions. The actuator is designed so that the gas is contained within two tanks. its territorial waters and the UK’s Continental Shelf. Key issues include: • Leadership from senior managers to ensure that pipeline safety is managed by all aspects of the business. The Unit contributes to OSD’s targets by ensuring the integrity of emergency shutdown valves. which is conducted by an ek pass expert and usually provided on an actual job site.Safety products and services PLM and ek pass team-up to provide pipeline training Emerson launches Shafer SH Series gas-over-oil pipeline actuator merson Process Management has launched the Shafer™ SH Series of gas-over-oil valve actuators. T he Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has a robust regulatory regime for ensuring pipeline safety. The Unit’s work includes the assessment of safety cases under the Gas Safety (Management) Regulations 1996 (GSMR). operating techniques and advanced skills are or the ek pass website at www. With a flash point of approximately 130 degrees Celsius. Ensuring those pipelines are safe for the pipeline workforce and the general public requires co-operation between HSE and the country’s pipeline operators.

gas distributors. New developments were also noted as set to influence current and future pipeline infrastructure in the country. Proceeds from the event are used to support education initiatives for the pipeline industry. from engineers. H Conference The Conference proceedings opened with a keynote presentation from the University of Alberta’s Department of Economics Professor Andre Plourde. CSG development The development of a burgeoning coal seam gas (CSG) industry has spurred the Australian Pipeline Industry Association (APIA) to establish a CSG Working Group to develop a CSG gathering system code of practice for polyethylene (PE) pipe. delegates could get hands-on with the latest products and services at the APIA Exhibition. which showcased products and services ranging from construction companies to pipeline pig providers. Ms Cole discussed the possibilities of CO2 use.internationalpipelineconference.Event reviews The technical papers and panelwere well-attended.riopipeline. Mr Kipp spoke of the recent activities of the CGA. from 22 – 25 October Convention business ses at the Exposition Over 150 companies were on show at the Exposition.000 kPa. while working both with government bodies and the community. was held in Calgary. to product and service providers participating in the International Pipeline Exposition. Working Group Chairman Hugh Luckhurst-Smith of Fyfe Pty Ltd.” include its Inverse Wave-field Extrapolation (IWEX) which produces a 3D seismic approach to girth-weld imagery. girt-weld inspection and direct drilling for pipe installation. APIA Presid ief ent 58 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 59 . He said that there is a need for a close relationship between the pipeline industry and policy makers. The technical papers were of a highstandard. These challenges included the increase in Australia’s population. the International Pipeline Conference attracts a widerange of delegates from the industry. Other non-conventional gas opportunities were discussed. and its programmes cover the more efficient use of materials. Pipelines International Editor-in-Chief Industry converges on Calgary for IPC 2010 eld every two years. Kamal Botros and J. and the obligation of parties to proactively remediate pipeline operational problems. with 25 papers being nominated for the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Pipeline Systems Division’s (ASME PSDs) Rio Pipeline Award. extending the life of pipelines. with reference to Enhance Energy’s proposed project to construction a 240 km. The system allows a plug to be remotely installed and precisely controlled. TD Williamson’s Rolf Lie described how his company’s Smart Plug technology has been used to replace an emergency shutdown valve on Shell’s Malampaya Pipeline in the Philippines. The Exposition provided the perfect forum for delegates and service providers alike to make key contacts for further business. with unprecedented opportunities” was one of Australian Pipeline Industry Association President Peter Cox’s opening remarks in his welcoming address to the Association’s recent Annual Convention held in Darwin. For more information visit APIA’s website www. with Paul Beukelman of OSD Pipelines describing the various types many presentations Delegates enjoyed the sions. and insurance companies. Ms Cole said that once this pipeline was completed it is likely that further CO2 transportation infrastructure will develop for the purpose of enhanced oil recovery in the area. and the subsequent encroachment on pipeline Australian Senator M athias Corm Executive ann. APIA Cheryl Cart Ch wright and Peter Cox.” Mr Beukelman said. which is a 1. This year. Chris Harvey continued the theme of training with a comprehensive review of APIA’s newly-introduced competency-based training initiative. and technical experts. including the replacement of an offshore valve. Following Mr Plourde’s address. at which delegates discussed Keynote presenter Professor Andre The conference included various panel sessions. Event reviews Pipeline convention down under By John Tiratsoo. and the fact that gas must remain affordable. and construction techniques. from 27 September to 1 October 2010. AJ Lucas’ Ben Cooper highlighted the significant differences between the construction of these proposed larger diameter pipelines than those previously constructed in Australia. The Intern ational Pip eline Exposition . Herrenknecht’s René von Rautenkranz showed examples of the direct drill method of pipe installation. delegates heard from keynote speakers during the Conference lunches. and Mark Heathcote of the Plastics Industry Pipe Association of Australia outlined that the Working Group’s recommendations will include the retraining of skilled electrofusion personnel in large diameter pipelines. although a clear separation of the bodies’ different interests was also important to maintain. Keep 24–28 September free to attend the event. safety regulations. technology issues (increasing transportation of CO2 and slurries). risk and liability. Mr Plourde gave an animated speech about how pipeline owners and operators can manage their assets. On successing days the speakers were Common Ground Alliance (CGA) President Bob Kipp and Enhance Energy President Susan Cole. The award is given to the best paper of the conference. resentations at the Convention outlined the challenges and opportunities for pipeline development in Australia and the surrounding region. topics including issues involved with transporting anthropogenic CO2. For more information visit www. with further consideration of shale and tight gas projects. Jan van der Ent of Applus RTD provided a review of the present and future status of automated ultrasonic testing (AUT) of girth welds. “An unprecedented time in the pipeline The 2011 APIA Convention and Exhibition will be held in Sydney. as there are no consistent pressure-testing methodologies currently available. improving the effectiveness of seam weld anomalies when completing in-line inspections. owners and operators. These developments include significant pipeline components. material specifications. the new code will recommend a minimum regime based on risk assessment for the use of this material. at differential pressures up to 20. In addition to presentations on new technology. The company is currently developing ‘advanced’ AUT and future developments The Exhibition showcased many local and international products and services. which is suitable for lengths up to 800 m and pipe diameters up to 56 inches. fluctuating loads. Geerligs won the award for their paper on ‘Decompression wave speed in rich gas mixtures at high pressures (37 MPa) and implications on fracture control toughness requirements in pipeline design’. Delegates visited the many stands. 16 inch diameter CO2 pipeline in Alberta. environmental concerns. to machinery and pipeline security devices. At the Convention. The Conference will return in 2012. and a number of panels and tutorials. and organised by the ASME PSD.420-strong memberdriven Association made up of 16 key stakeholder groups such as engineering. and public safety and security of supply. CGA was recently instrumental in streamlining the different locale one-call centre numbers for companies to dial before commencing excavation works. Mr Harvey described APIA’s proposed remedies: “Competency-based training is recognised as the fastest and most efficient process to meet the demands of [Australian pipeline standard] AS2885. New technology Delegates heard a number of presentations on new technologies. which ran from Tuesday to Thursday. Other speakers attested to the fact that the industry will need to make considerable changes in its approach once these projects come to fruition. Research and training: a key focus Energy Pipelines Co-operative Research Centre (EPCRC) Chief Executive Officer Professor Valerie Linton described the EPCRC’s approach to research. projected to grow to 36 million by 2050. The 2011 conference will be held from 20–22 September 2011. In addition to the technical and panel sessions. the 8th International Pipeline Conference and Exposition. of gas in this category and the issues to do with their extraction. There will be many pipeline opportunities to connect [these reserves] to the existing mainlines.apia. and. advanced design and construction. Visit the event website for further updates: www. P Featuring 350 technical papers from 40 countries. held in conjunction with the Conference. She stipulated that the centre’s outputs include “upskilling and increasing the number of competent people within the [pipeline] industry”. Australia. The Association champions pipeline safety and damage prevention in North America. The International Pipeline Conference is held every two years. the technical papers began. “CSG developments will continue as a first priority. There are numerous CSG to LNG projects proposed for development in Australia’s northeast. Papers were organised into 14 streams covering issues such as integrity management. Rio Pipeline 2011 The Rio Pipeline Conference is held in Rio de Janeiro every alternating year. one-call centres.

A team of three speakers from GRTgaz in France introduced the theme of asset management to the conference. effective rehabilitation of a cathodic protection system in Tanzania. Preceded by training courses on pipeline rehabilitation from Incal Pipeline Rehabilitation’s Sidney Taylor and pipeline in-service welding and repair from DNV Columbus’ Bill Bruce. However. Mr Sandalloiglu gave a fascinating insight into the everyday problems of pipeline operations across long distances and through communities with whom contact with the operator is often tenuous. He took the pragmatic approach that. with an interesting review of gas pipeline inspection using ultrasonic tools. a record replacement of 32 20 inch diameter pipe lengths. NDT Systems and Services. a French operator’s strategy for asset management. email: bjlowe@clarion. in a recent case. and a range of pipe-repair application scenarios were discussed. and the inspection tool being kept within the liquidfilled section. The conference organising team (left to right): Dr Michael Beller. and. Dr Jochen Stratmann of Open Grid Europe 60 Pipelines International | December 2010 . a simple lowering of pipeline pressure can allow a defect to be rendered acceptable while repair or rehabilitation options are discussed. give rise to pipeline damage if the velocities become too high. and is not always possible. or BJ Lowe. Calls for papers will be distributed in due course. and Repair of Pipelines Conference held in Berlin in October. composite sleeves. The final operator paper at the conference was given by Botas International’s Okan Sandalloiglu. presents environmental difficulties. and Paul Clayton of PII Pipeline Solutions and Mark Kelso of BP on the challenges faced in order to clean and inspect the UK North Sea’s 36 inch diameter. which can influence the tool’s detection capability and. and should be sent either to John Tiratsoo. Thomas Salvan of Trapil in France discussed how the large quantity of data from an inspection should be dealt with.000 km pipeline network as an example. and in Berlin from 19–22 March 2012.ON Ruhrgas. as well as a contingent from Russia for whom simultaneous translation was provided. batches may assume considerable velocities in the event of large slopes along the pipeline Online advertising – a great way to support your print advertising and target new readers. BJ Lowe. required a three-month hot tap and stopple operation with a temporary by-pass and reinforcing full-encirclement sleeve at a point on the Turkish section. Sudan. and. Dr Stratmann told the conference that his company had conducted successful ultrasonic inspections by completely filling a gas pipeline with clean water before the inspection to ensure the necessary coupling was made for the tool’s ultrasonic wave transmitters and receivers. GRTgaz has developed a method of undertaking an objective technical and economic analysis allowing prioritisation of maintenance work according to the corrosivity of the soil and the pipeline’s environment which is now being used to inform decisions about the rehabilitation or replacement of ageing pipelines. However. R HT C EA H OR W E New Online Advertising New Online Advertising packages in LD O ther subjects discussed at the conference. including Libya. Markus Brors of Rosen Integrity solutions presented a case study on the implementation of a pipeline integrity management system at a major state-run pipeline operator. to the benefits of using full-encirclement steel sleeves for pipeline repairs. the two-day conference brought together delegates from 24 countries. Presentations at the Conference ranged from the challenges posed by dent evaluation following an in-line inspection. a selection of papers presented at the conference will be published in Pipelines International’s sister publications The Journal of Pipeline Engineering and Pipelines International Digest. using the company’s 32. • Great value packages offering exposure on websites & e-news • Huge discounts on offer for multiple bookings • Fully audited readership and performance figures for advertisers The next Evaluation. Rehabilitation. An overview of permanent repair activities for mechanically-damaged pipes www. but offers of papers are welcome at any time. a division of Great Southern Press. Tiratsoo Technical. with pigs separating the liquid from the surrounding gas in the pipeline. which included the use of the Clock Spring. forecasting and implementation of technical projects. Contact David Entringer – dentringer@gs-press. This was followed by a joint paper from Dr Gregory Brown and Dr Ted Anderson of Quest Integrity Group on the subject of evaluation of pipeline dents using in line inspection data. email: jtiratsoo@gs-press. on the Druzhba Pipeline in the Czech Republic in only 88 hours. Nigeria.pipelinesinternational. 412 km long CATS gas pipeline. Sidney Talor.076 km Baku – Tblisi – Ceyhan Oil Pipeline. Technical Director of Open Grid Europe. However. Clarion Technical Conferences. John Tiratsoo. He commented upon the regulatory environment in Germany that has seen some recent changes requiring pipeline operators to establish fundamental changes in planning. Rehabilitation and Repair of Pipelines conferences will be in Houston on 31 October to 3 November 2011. Corinne was given. after an initial analysis and prioritisation review. As an alternative. this is reviews Rehabilitation conference hits the target Over 140 attendees from 24 countries participated in the Evaluation. the newly formed transmission arm of E. The keynote address was given by Heinz Watzka. organised by Great Southern Press’ Tiratsoo Technical division in partnership with Clarion Technical Conferences. the emergency pipeline repair supervisor for the 1. He went on to illustrate the difficulties and huge costs of an illegal fitting removal which. included fitness-forservice assessments. Unfortunately space does not permit an account of other papers on the conference programme. a short section (or batch) of liquid may be run through the pipe in order to avoid completely filling it. and Irina Koroleva of Incal Pipeline Rehabilitation. Israel and Saudi Arabia. and epoxy coating applications.

Live-line access techniques.Event previews Event previews Get to the premier CO2 transportation event in June 2011 By 2030. USA 4–5 April 2011 Hannover.pipelineconf. Didn’t make it to the 2010 Forum and want to know what it was all about before registering for the 2011 event? Pipelines International’s sister to read paper abstracts free-of-charge. gas and hazardous liquids pipelines.clarion. to be held at the Houston Marriott Westchase Hotel.clarion. The event programme is planned to comprise of three sessions and a total of 15 to 20 presentations. the 2011 Forum will examine the opportunities and challenges faced by regulators. Advances and best practices in aboveground remote assessments. including a roundtable open forum discussion. USA 30–31 March 2011 Houston. proudly supported by Platinum Sponsor Saudi Aramco. Bahrain 22–23 June 2011 Newcastle. and materials • Inspection of piggable and unpiggable pipelines • Risk and integrity assessment and planning • Operations and maintenance • Leak detection • Repair and rehabilitation • Trenchless and other construction methods • System and data management and control. so how do you manage your pipeline’s integrity if it is unpiggable? Find out at the Unpiggable Pipeline Solutions Forum – the industry’s opportunity to come together to find solutions to the challenge of inspecting unpiggable pipelines. in-line inspection of pipelines PPIM – Pipeline Pigging & Integrity Management Conference and Exhibition Pipe Line Contractors Association Conference (USA) DCA Annual Conference NACE – Corrosion 2011 Unpiggable Pipelines Solution Forum Sixth Pipeline Technology Conference The first international conference and exhibition on Best Practices in Pipeline Operations and Integrity Management The Second International Forum on Transportation of CO2 by Pipeline Rio Pipeline www.44 gigatonnes per annum of captured CO2 worldwide will need to be transported from around 360 sources to www. The Forum is being organised by Tiratsoo Technical. The event is supported by the UK-based Carbon Capture and Storage Association.pipelineconf. USA. Minister for Oil and Gas Affairs and Chairman of the National Oil & Gas Authority. Germany 14–17 May 2011 Gulf Convention Centre. rom 15–17 May 2011. and the University of Newcastle. Register now – visit DATE/VENUE EVENT CONTACT 31 January – 4 February 2011 Amsterdam. The Forum will focus on existing technologies as well as those currently in research and development. The Journal of Pipeline Engineering. which is why anyone involved in pipeline operations and integrity management should be in Bahrain in May 2011 for the inaugural Best Practices in Pipeline Operations and Integrity Management Conference and Exhibition. on 22–23 June 2011. or subscribe to the Journal to keep informed about technical advances across a range of pipeline engineering subjects. Texas. The two and a half day conference will be inaugurated by the Minister. 1. Bahrain’s prestigious Gulf Convention Centre will host the Middle East’s premier pipeline Conference and Exhibition bringing together industry members already active in the region and those looking to break into this lucrative www. Brazil Pipeline training courses including: pipeline defect assessment. Kingdom of Solve the unpiggable pipeline puzzle in Houston this March Pigging is widely recognised as an important step in ensuring the integrity of pipeline assets. Clarion and Tiratsoo Technical. USA 1–6 March 2011 Fajardo. engineers and operators of pipelines used for CO2 62 Pipelines International | December 2010 Pipelines International | December 2010 63 . For more information visit www. combined with low-flow restriction robotic and wireline-powered internal inspection tools. A Technical Committee has been set up under the chairmanship of John Tiratsoo of Tiratsoo Technical to establish the programme and to ensure the highest quality of presentations. will publish a selection of papers from the Forum and elsewhere on this subject in its December www. B uilding on the success of the First International Forum on the Transportation of CO2. Be the best in the U npiggable pipelines are an increasing industry www. construction. guided wave technologies. a division of Great Southern Press. and offers of papers are now being solicited. The Netherlands 14–17 February 2011 Houston. The Conference and Exhibition. The Unpiggable Pipeline Solutions Forum will run from 30–31 March 2011. Visit www. Working out the best way to transport anthropogenic CO2 to meet this demand will be the main focus of the Second International Forum on the Transportation of CO2 to be held in Gateshead. Houston-based Clarion Technical Conferences. and internal corrosion direct assessment methods will form a significant part of the programme.plca. UK 20–22 September 2011 Rio de Janeiro. will also be a special focus. The International Forum on the Transportation of CO2 is the only dedicated event organised each year to update the industry on the issues of transporting anthropogenic CO2. Puerto Rico 13–17 March 2011 Houston. Keep informed with the latest news on the Second International Forum on the Transportation of CO2 – visit www. USA 22–26 February 2011 www. held in July 2010.clarion. a division of Great Southern Press. are organising the Unpiggable Pipeline Solutions This two-day Forum will address capabilities and guidance concerning tools for corrosion and mechanical damage inspection of unpiggable oil.nace. UK.clarion. Texas. where delegates will be able to view the latest in unpiggable products and services. Maui. United www. subsea pipeline engineering. For this reason. The event is held under the patronage of His Excellency Dr Abdul Hussain bin Ali Mirza. will attract representatives from the industry’s most successful companies F looking to update their skills and continue to build their business networks. The simultaneous tracks for the technical programme of the event will include: • Design. Texas. meet the best in the business Being the best requires constant development. from 30–31 March 2011. Texas. especially for pipeline segments that cannot be taken out of service when further integrity inspections are required. The Forum will also include an exhibition. and accompanied by a major exhibition showcasing the latest in products and services from companies around the world. Coming in future issues MARCH 2011 Region Review China JUNE 2011 Africa SEPTEMBER 2011 Eastern Europe December 2011 Asia Pacific Feature Trenchless Technology Valves Coatings Pigging Contractor Focus Equipment Feature Terrain Review DEADLINE Offshore construction Pigging Onshore construction Engineering Automatic Welding Padding Machines Trenchers Pipelayers & Sidebooms Urban Offshore Tropical/jungle Arctic 11 February 2011 22 April 2011 22 July 2011 21 October 2011 64 Pipelines International | December 2010 . €45 (for one year/five issues including Directory) I would like to subscribe to Pipelines International: Expiry: _ _ / _ _ Name on card: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Please invoice me Please debit my credit card the amount of: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Unpiggable Pipelines Solutions Forum 17 Please either detach this page or make a photocopy and send to: Great Southern Press GPO Box 4967 Melbourne VIC 3001 Australia Phone: +61 3 9248 5100 | Fax: +61 3 9602 2708 Email: query@pipelinesinternational.advertisers' index ADVERTISERS’ INDEX 3M United Kingdom plc (Corrosion Protection Products) Allu UK Ltd Atteris Pty Ltd 31 IFC 51 SUBSCRIPTION FORM Name: Job Title: Company: Address: Best Practices in Pipeline Operations and Integrity Management 33 Clarion/Tiratsoo Technical Training Enduro Pipeline Services Girard Industries Journal of Pipeline Engineering NDT Systems & Services AG PIPE Pipelines International Online Products Pipelines International Premium PipeLine Machinery International PPIM 2011 Quest Integrity Group Rio Pipeline Vacuworx Wasco Energy Ltd 9 5 45 IBC 1 13 61 8 25 49 47 7 OBC 3 Telephone: Fax: Email: Annual subscription: Subscriptions are also available at the following rate $ or subscribe online at: www.


Vacuworx. 10105 E.the safest.664. or concrete in the world. OK 74146 • 866.. your profits high.3450 • www. plate. Keep your employees safe. and smartest way to handle material in the field.vacuworx. 10 times faster than traditional lifting methods and with a minimum of 2 less employees. it is also the most efficient way... demand the originator.SAFETY Not only is the Vacuworx Lifting System the safest way to move pipe. and IS NOT NEGOTIABLE. don't settle for an imitator.. 55th Place • Tulsa. . fastest.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful