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FIRST METHOD

Input parameters
Hot water temperature Cold water temperature Wet bulb temperature Range of cooling tower Approach Diameter of fan Diameter of fan hood Avarage air velocity at exit Density of water Density of air Specific heat capacity of water 40.5 29.5 26 11 3.5 3.8 3.9 6 1000 1.2 4.178 C C C C C m m m/s Kg/m^3 Kg/m^3 kj/kgK

Air mass flow rate of fan hood (G) Water mass flow rate( L) Water mass flow rate/air mass flow rate Enthalpy pick up water (H2-H1) = L/G(t2-t1)[1+0.0008(t2-32)] H2-H1

86.1202368 kg/s 111 kg/s/cell 1.288895666

26.6042295 BTU/lb of air

Heat balance calculation G(H2-H1) = L(T1-T2)+Ev x cold water temperature Heat removing capacity of water = Heat rejection rate in the process Heat removing capacity of the tower 1260.139399 Kcal/sec Heat rejection rate in the process 18184118.35 BTU/Hr

Is almost equal Hence Heat balance is established


Other Parameters
Air flow calculation Approach Range Drift loss Evaporation loss 71.766864 m^3/sec 3.5 C 11 C 0.3996 m^3/hr 6.725268 m^3/hr

Dry bulb teperature 30 C Wet bulb temerature 26 C Relative humidity 72 % If fan RPM reduced to 50%(an approximately 40% reduction in air flow rate)

0.1 bar at 45.8 C

29.5 C

COOLING TOWER DESIGN


Second method
104.9 85.1 78.8 19.8 6.3 F F F F F

Estimate outlet air temp

Enthalpy of air outlet at 37.5 C or 9 Enthapy of air inlet at wet bulb tem 2

L/G Air mass flow rate delta ha 1 BTU/Lb F T 85.1 87.08 95 96.98 102.92 104.9 has 53.1 55.13 63.04 64.83 70.94 73.02

Calculate tower characte

71.766864 m^3/sec 880966.3645 lb/hr/cell

0.111 m^3/sec/cell

399.6 m^3/hr/cell

BTU/lb of air

14.63233 Kcal/kg of air (Ka*V)/L Determine the loading factor as per Ka 4536501.837 Kcal/Hr 4580579.413 Kcal/Hr

This Tower characteristic Graph cooling w

86 F 78.8 F

40.5 C

Determine the tower dim Tower hight Area of tower

nd method
35 C 145 kj/kg 80 kj/kg 95 F 62.35 BTU/lb 34.4 BTU/lb

te outlet air temperature

f air outlet at 37.5 C or 99.5 F saturated air inlet at wet bulb tem 26 C or 78.8 F

1.411616 78.63327 Kg/s 13 kj/kg 5.59 BTU/lb

te tower characteristic by the simpsion rule

ha 34.4 37.195 48.375 51.17 59.555 62.35

has-ha 18.7 17.935 14.665 13.66 11.385 10.67

1/(has-ha) 0.053476 0.055757 0.06819 0.073206 0.087835 0.093721 0.071247

1.41069 the loading factor as per graph 2.5 GPM/ft^2 100 1111.5 lbs/hr/ft^2

ic Graph cooling water temperature 10F above wet bulb temperature

Determine the tower dimentions Tower hight Area of tower

15.67981 ft 121345.6 ft^2

4.779207 m 11273 m^2