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Definition of Terms Calibration. It is a set of graduations to indicate values or positions. Charge.

It is the quantity that an apparatus is intended to receive and fitted to hold. Electricity. It is a fundamental form of energy observable in positive and negative forms that occurs naturally (as in lightning) or is produced (as in a generator) and that is expressed in terms of the movement and interaction of electrons. Fire. It is the phenomenon of combustion manifested in light, flame, and heat. DC Motor. It is a mechanically commutated electric motor powered from direct current (DC). Heat. It is a marked or notable degree of hotness. Heat sink. It is a passive heat exchanger component that cools a device by dissipating heat into the surrounding air. Heat transfer. It is the process whereby heat moves from one body or substance to another by radiation, conduction, convection, or a combination of these methods Insulation. the action of separating a conductor from conducting bodies by means of nonconductors so as to prevent transfer of electricity, heat, or sound. Peltier heater/cooler. It is a solid-state active heat pump which transfers heat from one side of the device to the other.

Peltier effect. It is the change in temperature of either junction of a thermocouple when a current is maintained in the thermocouple and after allowance is made for a temperature change due to resistance. Portable. Capable of being transported or conveyed

Seebeck effect . it is the conversion of different temperature differences directly into electricity. Thermoelectric effect. It is the direct conversion of temperature differences to electric voltage and vice-versa thermoelectic module. Thermopower or thermoelectric power. It is the magnitude of an induced thermoelectric voltage in response to a temperature difference across the material.

USB. It is a standard for connection sockets on computers and other electronic equipment. Voltage limit/regulator. It is a device which controls or maintains the voltage of an electrical circuit. Step-up converter. It is a DC-to-DC power converter with an output voltage greater than its input voltage