Eastern Visayas

Eastern Visayas or Region VIII is one of the two regions of the Philippines having no land border with another region, MIMAROPA being the other. It is composed of two main islands, Leyte and Samar, connected by the famous San Juanico Bridge. It consists of six provinces and seven cities,[2] namely, Biliran, Eastern Samar, Leyte, Northern Samar, Samar, Southern Leyte, the cities of Ormoc City, Baybay City, Maasin City,Calbayog City, Catbalogan City, Borongan City and the highly-urbanized city of Tacloban, the regional center. These provinces and cities occupy the easternmost islands of Visayas: Samar, Leyte and Biliran. Eastern Visayas directly faces the Pacific Ocean. The land area of the region is 2,156,285 hectares. As of 2010, it has a population of 3,912,936. Geography Eastern Visayas lies on the east central part of the Philippines archipelago. It is composed of two main islands, Leyte and Samar, which formed the eastern most coast of the archipelago. It is bounded by Philippine sea on the east and north with San Bernardo Strait separating Samar island from southeastern Luzon: Camotes sea and Visayas sea on the west: Bohol sea on the south with Surigao Strait separating Leyte island from northwestern Mindanao. It has a total land area of 2,156,285 hectares or 7.2% of the country’s total land area.[4]

Climate
There are two types of climate prevailing in the region under the Corona system of classification: Type II and Type IV. Type II climate is characterizes by having no dry season but a pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January. Samar Island and the eastern part of Leyte Island fall under this type of climate. Type IV on the other hand has an even distribution of rainfall the year round and a short period of dry season that can be observed starting February up to May. This type of climate is well exhibited the western half of Leyte island and some portion of Samar which covers the municipality of Motiong up to San Isidro of Northern Samar.

Land
Eastern Visayas is primarily an agricultural region with rice, corn, coconut, sugarcane and banana as its major crops. Its total land area is 21,431.7 km². 52% of its total land area are classified as forestland and 48% as alienable and disposable land.

Natural Resources
The region's sea and inland waters are rich sources of salt and fresh water fish and other marine products. It is one of the fish exporting regions of the country. There are substantial forest reserves in the interiors of the islands. Its mineral deposits include chromite, uranium(in Samar), gold,silver, manganese, magnesium, bronze, nickel, clay, coal, limestone, pyrite and san d and gravel. It has abundant geothermal energy and water resources to support the needs of medium and heavy industries.

wholesale and retail trade and services. metal craft. The Leyte Kalipayan Dance Company. Leyte province.Culture Languages Waray-Waray is spoken on the island of Samar. Biliran and north-eastern Leyte. Naval State University is the province state university. a local cultural group. rice and corn mills and other food processing plants. a maritime school in the Philippines providing deck and engine cadet. But the most popular cultural dance among Warays is theCuracha. famous of which is "Dandansoy" while "Iroy nga Tuna" (Motherland) is a patriotic song. corn and sugar milling. woodcraft. Mining. alcohol distilling. farming. the region is home to Palompon Institute of Technology. including the prominent University of the Philippines Visayas (UPV Tacloban College). The Zonal Agricultural University for the Visayas under the National Agriculture Education System concept. Also. pottery. needlecraft. Tacloban is the hub of investment. Education Eastern Visayas is home to several state universities. Visayas State University (VSU) is also in the region. fishing and tourism contribute significantly to the economy Manufacturing firms include mining companies. Southern Leyte State University with five extension campuses. sugar central. The Eastern Visayas State University is Leyte's state university with five extension campuses. rice. the Eastern Samar State University is the only state university of the province with a single extension campus while Samar State University is Western Samar's state . Cebuano is spoken in western. coconut oil extraction. shell craft and bamboo craft. Home industries include hat and basket weaving. Economy Primary sources of revenue are manufacturing. fertilizer plants. ceramics. Dances Tinikling. A Sama language. is the only state university in the province of Southern Leyte. The region is also home to the University of Eastern Philippines (UEP). held highly successful performances around the world. Music Waray people are music lovers whose folkloric music are mostly ballads in form. Its main campus is located in the municipality of Palompon. In Biliran. Other industries include mining. For Eastern Samar. the Philippines' national dance is folkdance that originated from the region. central. located in Catarman. located in Baybay City. called Abaknon is spoken in the island of Capul in Northern Samar. danced during feast celebrations and special gatherings. Northern Samar. which holds the most number of baccalaureate and post-baccalaureate courses among universities in the region. distantly related to the languages of the region. trade and development in the region. and southern parts of Leyte and in Southern Leyte. beverage manufacture and forest products.

Borongan. A total of nine airports. Transportation The region's Leyte and Samar islands serve as main link between Luzon and Mindanao by land transport. Calbayog. geothermal exploration is ongoing in the nearby province of Biliran. the region has potential in hydroelectric production. Ormoc.Maasin. Still. Bato. are strategically located in different parts of the six provinces that comprise the region. The province of Leyte hosts the biggest geothermal plant in the Philippines.university with two extension campuses. Power and Energy The region is the top producer of geothermal energy supply in the country. Romualdez Airport in Tacloban City is the main gateway by air to the region. Being coastal facing Pacific Ocean. The strait of San Juanico between Leyte and Samar islands has been declared as potential source for water current and tidal energy sources. For normal education. . With abundance of river system. There are seaports in Tacloban. the Leyte Normal University specializes in education courses. Sogod and Naval. Daniel Z. the region have location being eyed for wind power generation. Catbalogan.