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Four Bright Journalists Forecast the Future.

CUTH PLEADS FOR FEDERALISM.
Kym Crinkle Estimates the Probable Progress of Literature stud the Drama—DenTerWill Be as Big at. Nen York—Views of JohnSwinton and Kate Field on Vari- j ous Subjects. ,

[Copyright, 18S3, by American Press Associa-

The federalist founders of the republic of the United States, Jay, Hamilton and . Washington, as interpreted by Marshall, Kent, Quiucy Adams, Seward and Lincoln, are felt in our dav thronsrh the deorenir or chaotic provincial states as the spinal life meaning of Christianity there will be no bought, whose convictions cannot be frightand brain of oiir system. ened and whose good will cannot be cajoled P These opponents pass more and more to servant problem. will bring the power of the press up to the tl In dress? the rear as demagogues and confidence men Once more the question must be settled traditional standard, and its opinion^ ill u as the superiority of our federal institu- by women. Should American women do command the attention of the world. *lt is tions and spirit are seen bj the rising gen- their own thinking in the next hundred American juM; now to want the news. As h erations. they will not import their fashions, the facilities, for gathering it and dissemi- e In proportion as the subsidiary states yearsthey will wear nothing that interferes nating it inciease, the intelligent public C and share this federal or national instinct do with a magnificent physical development. j will want something else They Will re- a they rise to the success of the nation. j Trains will be reserved for the hou«e; cor- j fleet as well as apprehend. I apprehend that it will take another con- sets and high heels will be sent to Coventry; | They will have more leisure to think. The w vulsion, and thae probably not an extensive present rate of headlong material activity will be just below one—perhaps a foreign war—to permanent- ' the waist line will live again. the bosom, ! cannot be kept up for another hundred and Atalanta ly settle the supremacy of the nation in ev- i Is the condition of the laboring class i years. Already a new class is multiplying, ery uneriminal mind. I j which is reaping the leisure that its fatheis B become The weakness of the federal government j likely tohas beenmore or less dependent? in j made possible with drudgery and heart There a steady improvement now is due to the states who contribute to ' failure. The continent is all explored and it their representative caitiffs as senators, , the condition of what is falsely called the nearly all surveyed. There will scarcely be "laboring class," as though no one worked justices and even presidents. ! another Pike's peak fever. While I am I The last message of the governor of South ' except the manual laborer. as only hope writing this the statesmen of the country h that the brain worker will be well paid C Carolina, the most wayward of all our eaily ] 1893 as will be the manual laborer, who are asking themselves if it is not time to provinces, shows the failure of an ob=.'aep- j in fast controlling the tates of this republic make laws which shall restrict if they do th D erous state sovereignty in the refusal of I is reducing human capacity to a dead not put a stop to immigration. and the people, though they disobey the federal level of mediocrity. All men should be In 100 years Denver vi ill be as big as New N Jaws of suffrage, to pay their taxes, main-, born free, but all men are not born equal, York and in the center of a vast population. ly tain their public schools, uphold their one trades unions to tbe contrary. There always If tbe republic remains politically compact e university—the first one where free trade, have been, as there always will be, leaders. and doesn't fall apart at the Mississippi to rebellion and secession rrere taught—or river, Canada will be cither part of it or an R In temperance legislation? subdue their factional and social animo=;iindependent sovereignty, and the northern K So called temperance legislation is a temties. Good citizens of such a state must in- porary aberration of well jneaning but nar- shore of the Gnlf of Mexico will be the p tr evitably turn toward ttoa cordial and help- row minded men and women with whom Riviera of the western continent. B is not possible to estimate the per- ta federalism at Washington, and so, 1 sentimentality supplants reason, and who think, when we have a less mercenary g^aiiy think mon£is are an affair of legispetuity and progress of the United States it newspaper press and can for less income ' lation. One hundred years hence personal without feeling that its political majesty p tell more truth, the poorer and raggeder liberty will be more than a phrase. When and its bepeficent freedom will react upon w Btates will come in like the prodigal son it is a fact sumptuary Jaws wi}} be as im- the intellect! expression of the people. le •ltd say, "Father, I huve slpned against possible as witch burping is nowJhe solidarity, the general happiness of O the nation, will fiflil 2£ Outcome "> nobler th leaven ana w l^y s if» n t. make me one £>I j KATE FIELD. am works of art and science. thy hired servants." j _ the , Tbe necessities of dull states, the good i uym Crinkle on Literature and T Drama, _ In^tha,t^hundred year*Xve will havema- , of literature hired our poet and found our Moliereor gense of great states, pll bear toward rais-; Tftfab \n\l be the " our Shakespeare, tog and respecting the one federal father-, ftnd drama 100 yedrq fcence? st The gestation of genius is by centuries. hood Which taxes while we sleep, so that , ^ fe ^ answer to tffls question out we do not feel the rib taken from our body, T ^ ^ cul^orj of ffierC guesses on the one Of course I do not suppose that the in- o t subtraction to delightful' band and save It from the imputation of- coming century will bring the millennium. all know depends te taste aud intercourse: rash prediction on the other, it must be de- Wedisaster as that progress oftenon sufferon character depends Out of tb.6 one pubti<i estate have come duced from the indications of the present. all these railways, school sections, new and There is a feverish energy m every de- ing and no one can tell what upheavals are b great cities, irrigating works, mines, etc. partment of intellectual life just now that hi store for us? History, on the whole, is i Where the federal works are expensive the is symptomatic. Every person of fairly very sad reading, and it is the lesson not of b state politicians make them so. Who good education and of restless mind writes uninterrupted material prosperity, but of d would not rather trust the United States a book. As a rale, it is a superficial book, rise, decline and fall. But in our present rate of progress is engineers than a state legislature, either but it swells the bulk and it indicates the for wisdom or virtue? cerebral unrest that is trying to express it- much hope and some calculable signs. In The faith heretofore lacking in the su- self. We have arrived at a condition in 100 years the public will desire better readpreme legislature through local and press which more books are printed than the Ing, because it must reach a better piane demagogy will, when restored, make honor world can read. This is true not only of of thinking. The germs of great Universi- ^ at Washington the public standard. books that are not worth reading, but it is ties will have matured their fruit by t>",, " time. The world will be in do**-, "d g Hberty has descended to us through tim- true of the books that are. Mercy will march ti with ^-.orousand excitable men like. Jefferson, as a All this I take to be the result of an ina stockade surrounded by Indians. Liberty tellectual affranchisement that is new, and tion precede it, ^newjle, ought to be not the suspicion of mutual of a dissemination of knowledge instead of nSo^ftJ^-** ^tellectual capital with a N egotists, but the beautiful respect and har- a concentration of culture. Everybody J.- ^ibrary and a national theater. It r mony between man and his ftlmily. wants to say something. But it is slowly . nave developed an art school of its own. w The unequal civilization of the parts of growing upon the world that everybo"' The ideal man and woman will have an M our country, the assembling as tribes in- | nas not got something to say. opportunity to use all plastic arts, and will afrjMtj? of fellow countrymen, t.nd law of iifo —. » a _ _ stead rvf fallfmr f*f\itr*f.T»trmd-T* the l«JTxr nr life Therefore oifb may, »ev«*n . *- « . » urns mi>meilt speak to us in literature and drama. The «xti * Luviiicin* . , , | property in one part, the law of spasm homes of the country will have been quad^_ i rorce in another part, the long results detect.the causesWhicU-lU produce rea<;. rupled, and it is the home that fixes the tion In 100 years tli^e will ^ ^ so many of slavery and nonpayment of taxes, must books printed, *-;c there will be more ^^ status of the theater. As we increase the aad will yield, enjoyments of the family circle we lessen Thatjseeai* t£) me to ^ inevitable. It ^ f Excessive « ealth ought to be taxed in its the cheap public enter**, .lily in the direction of intellectual de- the attraction of depend upon the hotels full proportion, not more, for remoA e the 'Telopment, which implies that man reaches tainments, which stimulus of wealth and at present America a condition individually and socially, if he and the floating population. sectarian barWe can see even now that iSfiotbmg. , t ._ progresses at all, in which he cares less riers are crumbling. Men are climbing •f ^The church has becdHi% Saorieniity, except i about talking than about doing. as a dead'pull back on bold and noble , But, taking the whole bulk of "current over the ecclesiastical fences to get nearer thinking. Literature, until the, other day literature, good, bad and indifferent, and to each other, and they have found that as had no ca*from the lawmaking power, i acknowledging that as a mass it is more they come together they approach the Science is doing well, but is taking fat tolls , active than profound, there is nevertheless eternal reason. In a hundred years man wall have learned from its generation. Would not a better ' an observable tendency in it—it is measurbhe lesson of trusting his brother, and the interpretation of government than ours ! ably moving toward a somewhat! have bought the telephone at the outset for If we can get the direction and the ratio nation which has drawn all peoples to it a million dollars instead of taxing every we may reasonably measure its progress with a cosmic gravitation and lifted them with freedom and confidence will also have customer in two generations fifty dollars a during the nest century. destroyed the prejudices of race and the year? . ! Now what is that tendency? Europe is influencing us greatly, and that !| I do not see how any one can diligently animosities of sect. Such a view presents the new solidarity will last long and probably for our good investigate the material without perceiving What could we learn from North Carolina j that its slow advance is toward a better of fraternity, but it is the old lesson which or Indiana that would be better than | humanity, a closer fraternity, a broader that first democrat dauntlessly proclaimed European intercourse? charity. These signs are unmistakable even on Mars' hill. A. C. WHEELER (Nym Crinkle). We must nourish our peasantry, includ- > in its lighter veins of cynicism and persiIng the 8,000,000 of our blacks, for an ' flage John Swinton's Views. empire without servants might almost be . Nine-tenths of all the imaginative writers When the old saw grinder said that "We without homes or utensils. What have are jibing at the wrongs of society. The these wretched states done to discipline the ' other tenth are jibing at the political short- can judge of the future only by the past" poor in the mechanic and household arts' comings. Of course they have ideals, against aad predicted that "The things which will The farmers are without public spirit or which they adjust the real. Some of these be are the things which have been," I rethey would have better roads and con- ideals are made of moonbeams; some are plied t<> him in the Hebrew language with Tenienoes. From the cities and the villa wildly impracticable; others are fantasies the word "Amen!" Well, then, suppose that the wiseacres of Beats are to come the immediate helps to on Plato's notion or travesties of More's progress. dream. But the incentive is a restless sense the Fifteenth century while hanging up Individual life needs more liberty than ' of imperfection and a growing conscious- these maxims had judged of the future dogma and fashion will accord. He who ' ness of a central sun somewhere in the Sixteenth century by the past Fourteenth confiscates my Sunday to serve his super- ' moral and intellectual universe which is century, and concluded that the one must station tyrannizes over one-seventh of my pulling all things to it. When this is not be even as the other had been, it would now life. a distinctly theistic feeling, it is a vague | be evident to us of this time that they did not foresee the consequences of the discovery When we become free Indeed it will not philosophic counterpart of it. cost us so much to live, for fashion and So far as this is a gain in unity and rea- of America, or of Gutenberg's invention, church thrive upon our acquiescent slavery. sonableness, it is a permanent, gain. I can or of Luther's antipapal mutiny, or of the The home, too, should be free, the civil and* conceive of no political or social disaster loom of Islam, or of the Renaissance. So, again, if the wiseacres who lived at not the clerical power should'do all the that will destroy it. mltrying; these broken homes are often The philosopher who undertakes to sur- the opening of last century, when Louis the result of the mercenary and secret vey this ground needs not be SJi extreme XIV was king of France and William III priest marrying the dissolute the half optimist to see that there is a distinct ethic- was the sovereign of the British American grown and the ranaway to each other. al gain in the aggregate of intellectual colonies, believed that their century would Temperance and legislation have little to work. When it does not lead it reflects, in leftve things as they found them, it would do with each other. Liquors ought to be broken and uncertain gleams, the spirit of now be evident to us who live at this time inspected and adulterating brewers to wear the age, and that spirit stands for a better S,bat they had not forecast the events of 1776 in this country, or those of 1793 in stripes. solidarity and a nobler destiny for man. Woman's great triumph, and man's, too, Under all the factors that must influence France, or many others that were on record will be not to need the ballot often; she the intellectual future, broader and deeper before the year 1800. And so yet again it may be taken for ballots alone and uninfluenced for a man. than any of them lies education. If you perhaps the old maids might be given the want to find out what the future man will granted that the wiseacres who worked the Australian ballot to widen the understand- say you will have to ask, What will he Did *aw at the opening of our own Ninereenth century, while judging the future ing of it. . know? . Private societies usurping the law's funcAt this moment the whole educational by the past, did not have any prevision of tions in the name of morals are Spanish in- energy of the country is centering itself on jhe transformations to be brought about quisitions and too often directed by men of the want of an ethical basis of instruction. i luring the century in South America, Asia hideously perverted animality. It is not alone the Catholic church that ob- ind Africa, or even in such European counThe United States—not the Texas con- jects to the system which makes smart men aries as Germany and Italy. I cannot foretell the course or the operatrived foterstajte commission—ought to be Instead of good men. Some of the wisest of a strong power in onr railways and to own Protestant teachers have conceded that our 1 dons of tbe whirligig of time during the the telegraphs. The world is interested in public school system is fatally deficient in aext hundred years. I am disposed to surour becoming not a Christian so ranch as a the elemental teaching which develops the i nise that the historiin wbo in 1093 makes record thereof will ba\ e to get up a big book. humane and scientific empire, with one moral sense and makes honest citizens. I guess that there will be great political hand secured upon the people's will and | This protest, I take it, is another form the other free to labor for their lasting of the reaction against the intense materi- vnd social changes in our country before alism of the time, But it is also a sign of ;he year 1993, and that these changes will welfare. I hope the most honored American in intellectual development. No one .who oe ad\ antageous to the community at large. 1993 will be George Washington. ' studies it can doubt that the education of [ guess that be-fore the next century shall GEORGE ALFRED TOWXSEXD. our youth during the next fifty years will ;nd the functions paid powers of our gov! be in a measure freed from the mathemat- jrnment will be greatly enlarged; that railroads, telographs and many other things ical restrictions of the present courses. Kate Field's Forecast. i If we now recognize the fact that labor low held as private spoil will be public What American now living will be most ' everywhere is insisting that more time to property; that law, medicine and theology honored in 1993? jcill be more reasonable than they now are; Grover Cleveland, if he fulfills the expec- ' study and rest shall betaken from toil, and ihat the inventions and di«co\ cries will be i add this to the fact that the studies promise tation of his best friends. Never were the greater than we have t-vcp yet had, and that problems confronting this republic so great ; to improve in the direction of ethics, I do. ;he welfaie of mankind w ill be higher than and so many as those which the next presi- i not see how we can avoid the conclusion it is in this age of confusion. dent of the United States must meet and that, barring some great and incalculable r» r ''JOHN SWiN1 atuww. On tb«««i*w«n depend* cur sal OBYMtova tint wtrald throw mankte*
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Yation for many a year to come; hence the necessity of a great and enlightened patriot In the White House, and hence such a verdict ;ii I pixti'U -'•lou'id Grovtr Cleveland prove himself to be the George Washington and Abraham Lincoln of this generation. Where will be our greatest city? In all probability Chicago. There will be wonderful cities in the west, none more beautiful and extrusive than Salt Lake City; but unless all signs fail Chicago will take precedence. Will the race be happier, healthier and handsomer than now? All depends on our women. If they marry for love and not for convenience; if they cultivate the inside of their heads as sedulously as they now study fashion; if they "go in" for <-oimd bodies such as nature intended the mothers of the human race to possess; if they teach their children self respect and respect for authority, Americans of 1993 will tegard their ancestors of 1893 as little less than vulgar, ignorant heathens. What is the future of the sen ant problem? Again, all depends on women. When

backward • hundred years, the coming intellectual workers will be less superficial, more thoroughly equipped for their work, of larjiT vie^ - and bma'lT catholic sp*"*. with less creed in their religion and more of God and humanity. The encyclopedic man, who makes a show of knowing all thirig«, will give way to the specialist, who makes an effort to know one thing aud know it well. The newspaper which has made a bold incursion into current literature has with tbe stimulus of competition overdone the matter, and there 13 aheady a tendency to go to the review for expressions of opinion. We hear continually of the demoralization Df the press, which means the popularization of the newspaper at the expense of conviction. There is going to be a reaction ia that field. There ought to be, and theie undoubtedly w ill be in Xew York or soi.ie other commerci.il and intellectual'Amfcrican center, a pres-> which will express the convictions of the wisest minds in all departments of thought, irrespective of what a party or a corpoi-ation or an advertiser

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