166 views

Uploaded by dgE

The Nature of Light: What is a Photon?

save

- Introduction to the Overfunction
- 05 G485 Modelling the Universe
- 7E'S SAMPLE LP.docx
- HW6
- Exact Value of Hubble Constant
- 1312.6575
- second draft
- Finding Nothing
- Universe
- Big Bang Theory Origins2-1
- A Veces Me Pregunto
- Out of the White Hole a Holographic
- 01 S11-12ES-Ia-e-1
- Have We Found Empirical Evidence That We Live in a Multiverse
- Time's Arrow (Price)
- The Theory of Independent Time Final
- portfolio - lesson - cosmogony
- Report28-07-2016
- Potential Mass, Big Bang
- scienceinthenewsjournal
- Murli Manohar Verma- The Interacting and Non-Constant Cosmological Constant
- Time and Space
- A Populated Universe
- BBC Knowledge Juneio 2017 (1)
- Iacopo Carusotto et al- Density correlations and dynamical Casimir emission of Bogoliubov phonons in modulated atomic Bose-Einstein condensates
- 8 energy
- Hells Gate
- Class Project
- Stephen Hawking - Universe - The Teachers' Guide
- Anthony Aguirre, Matthew C Johnson and Martin Tysanner- Surviving the crash: assessing the aftermath of cosmic bubble collisions
- Polarizable Vacuum (PV) and the Reissner-Nordstrom Solution
- Polarizable Vacuum (PV) and the Schwarzschild Solution
- The Natural Philosophy of the Cosmos (Graphs) (C)
- The Natural Philosophy of the Cosmos (A)
- The Natural Philosophy of the Cosmos (C)
- SPIE 2011
- Derivation of ElectroMagnetic Radii
- Derivation of the Photon Mass-Energy Threshold
- The Extraterrestrial Casimir Effect
- The Natural Philosophy of the Cosmos (B)
- Derivation of the Photon & Graviton Mass-Energies & Radii
- Derivation of Fundamental Particle Radii: Electron, Proton & Neutron
- The Natural Philosophy of Fundamental Particles
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - VII
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - I
- Quinta Essentia - Part 2
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - VI
- Particle Physics & Cosmology Posters
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - IV
- Quinta Essentia - Part 3
- SPIE 2009
- Quinta Essentia - Part 4
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - III
- EGM Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - V
- SPIE 2005
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - II
- Quinta Essentia - Part 1

You are on page 1of 22

**The Nature of Light
**

Riccardo C. Storti www.deltagroupengineering.com

dgE

**What are we going to cover?
**

The derivation of the mass & size of all existing fundamental particles & the prediction of new ones The derivation of the Hubble constant The derivation of the CMBR temperature The derivation of the ZPF energy density threshold The Cosmological evolution process

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

**How did we calculate Particle properties from 1st principles?
**

Apply Dimensional Analysis Techniques, Buckingham's Π Theory and similarity principles to combine Electricity, Magnetism and resultant ElectroMagnetic acceleration Apply the equivalence principle to the Π groupings Apply Fourier Harmonics to the equivalence principle Apply ZPF Theory to Fourier Harmonics Apply the Polarisable Vacuum model of gravity to the ZPF

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

**What errors are associated with our Photon method?
**

Note: EGM is the name we have given our Photon method

IST

IST

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

**What is the mathematical pattern responsible?
**

The specific equation that describes the mass-energy & radius relationship between all particles may be written simply as:

2 5

ω Ω r 1, M 1 ω Ω r 2, M 2

M1 M2

9

.

r2 r1

9

St ω

(i) “ωΩ” denotes the harmonic cut-off frequency (ii) “Stω” is a harmonic value & is the ratio between 2 spectra

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

What harmonic patterns form?

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

**How did we calculate Cosmological properties from 1st principles?
**

The primary tool employed to achieve our objectives is similitude, subject to the following simplified constraints:

The Cosmos at an instant prior to the “Big-Bang” is termed the “Primordial Universe”. It was characterised by a single wavefunction with maximum permissible energy density distributed homogeneously, analogous to a Planck scale particle such that it was dynamically, kinematically and geometrically similar to a “Schwarzschild-Black-Hole” (SBH) The relationship between the “Primordial Universe” and its present visible size obeys the EGM harmonic representation of fundamental particles The “Milky-Way” (MW) Galaxy may be represented as a Planck scale particle of homogeneous energy density and equivalent total mass. This configuration has been termed the Galactic Reference Particle (GRP), such that dynamic, kinematic and geometric similarity exists between the “Primordial Universe” and the GRP

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

**How did we derive the Hubble constant?
**

The derivation of the Hubble constant may be simplified to the following process:

Treat all matter as radiators of Gravitons Transform gravitational frequency to intensity - expressed in “Jansky’s” Derive the minimum gravitational lifetime of starving matter: “TL = h / mγγ” Relate the EGM harmonic representation of fundamental particles to the gravitational intensities of the “Primordial Universe” & the “Milky-Way” (i.e. GRP) Solve for Hubble’s constant

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

**How did we derive the CMBR temperature?
**

The derivation of the CMBR temperature may be simplified to the following process:

Derive an expansive scaling factor “KT” utilising the ratio of the Hubble constant at the instant of the “Big-Bang” (i.e. “Hα”) to the derived Hubble constant Derive a thermodynamic scaling factor “TW” based upon the red-shifted wavelength of a “Big-Bang” Photon after Hubble time “KT” multiplied by “TW” yields the CMBR temperature in terms of the derived Hubble constant

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

**What numerical results did we achieve?
**

A Hubble age of “14.6 Billion years” A Hubble constant of “67.1(km/s/Mpc)” [i.e. to within “5.5(%)” of the very rough community agreed value] A CMBR temperature of “2.7248(K)” [i.e. to within “0.01(%)” of the highly accurate physical measurement by WMAP] A Galactic radius of “8.1(kpc)” & total mass of “6.314x1011(Solar masses)” [i.e. to within “1.34(%)” & “5.24(%)” of standard community estimates respectively]

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

**What do the results demonstrate?
**

The influence of “Dark Matter / Energy” upon the Hubble constant and CMBR temperature is “< 1(%)” The constitution of the Universe is: – “> 95(%)” Photons – “< 1(%)” Dark Matter / Energy – “4(%)” Atoms The average Cosmological value of Zero-Point-Field (ZPF) energy density is “–2.52x10-13(Pa)” hence, commercial energy extraction from the ZPF (i.e. the Casimir Force) is unlikely because the available ZPF energy is limited to “–0.252(mJ/km3)”

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

**What is the mathematical key?
**

The mathematical key is the derived relationship between the Hubble constant “H” and CMBR temperature “TU2” as follows (µ = 1/3),

2 5

ω Ω r 1, M 1 ω Ω r 2, M 2

M1 M2

9

.

r2 r1

9

St ω

.H → T U2( H ) K W . St T . ln H

2 .µ 2

Hα

5 .µ

2

2 λ x. ω h . St T µ π ( 4.µ ) .c

4.µ

Hα

ω h λ x

λ x

. . 2µ 4 π

µ

ω h

c G. h

5

**where: “StT”, “Hα”, “λx” and “µ” are derived constants
**

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

31 3.5 .10 Hα 1 t1

Av. Cosmological Temp. vs. Hubble Cons.

Max. Cosmological Temp.: 3.2x1031(K)

31 3 .10

T U3 H β Av. Cosmological Temperature (K) 1 T U3 e 5 .µ 2

31 2.5 .10

31 2 .10 10 .µ 2 1 1 31 1.5 .10 2 3 2 2 2 5 .µ . 5 .µ

T vs. H

T U3 H β K W .St T .ln 1 Hβ . H .H β α

5 .µ 2

T U3 e

2 2 15 .µ . 5 .µ T U3 e 2 2 2 5 .µ . 5 .µ . 5 .µ

2

31 1 .10

30 5 .10

43 1 .10

1 .10

42

41 1 .10

1 .10

40 H β .H α

39 1 .10

38 1 .10

1 .10

37

36 1 .10

Big-Bang: 0(K), Hα ≈ 0.37ωh ω

Hubble Constant (Hz)

H = HβHα FOR MORE INFO...

http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm

Graph 1

dgE

72 1 .10 t1 t2

1st Derivative of Av. Cosmological Temp.

71 8 .10

71 6 .10

71 4 .10

71 2 .10 dT dt H β .H α 1 0

dT/dt vs. t

dT dt t 1 (K/s) dT dt t 2 dT dt t 3 71 2 .10

71 4 .10

71 6 .10

dT dt ( t )

71 8 .10

2 5 .ln H α .t .µ K W .St T . 2 5 .µ . t t

1

72 1 .10

72 1.2 .10 42 1 .10

1 .10

41 H β .H α 1

1 .10

40

1 .10

39

Max. Cosmological Temp.: 3.2x1031(K)

Cosmological Age (s)

FOR MORE INFO...

t = (HβHα)-1

http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm

Graph 2

dgE

113 5 .10 t2 t3

2nd Derivative of Av. Cosmological Temp.

0

113 5 .10

d2T/dt2 vs. t

dT2 dt2 (K/s^2)

H β .H α

1 114 1 .10

dT2 dt2 t 1 dT2 dt2 t 2 dT2 dt2 t 3 114 1.5 .10

114 2 .10

114 2.5 .10

dT2 dt2 ( t )

2 2 5 .µ . ln H α .t . 5 .µ K W .St T . 2 5 .µ . 2 t t

9 .10 H β .H α 42 1 1 .10 41 1.1 .10 41 1.2 .10 41 1.3 .10 41

1

2

1

114 3 .10 42 2 .10

3 .10

42

4 .10

42

5 .10

42

6 .10

42

7 .10

42

8 .10

42

1.4 .10

41

1.5 .10

41

Cosmological Age (s)

FOR MORE INFO...

t = (HβHα)-1

http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm

Graph 3

dgE

**1st Derivative of the Hubble Constant
**

84 2 .10 1 Hα 84 1 .10 0 0 η 1 .10 1 dH dt e (Hz^2) 5 .µ 2 1 2 .10 1 dH dt e 2 2 5 .µ . 5 .µ 1 3 .10 2 2 5 .µ . 5 .µ dH dt e 4 1 2 2 84 4 .10 84 84 84 t1

t4

Region of positive Hubble gradient

dH dt H β

Region of negative Hubble gradient

2 2 2 5 .µ . 5 .µ . 5 .µ

dH/dt vs. t

Cosmological Inflation Cosmological Expansion

Hγ = Ηβη

5 .10

84

84 6 .10

7 .10

84

**Max. Cosmological Temp. Line: 3.2x1031(K)
**

43 1 .10 42 1 .10 41 1 .10 40 1 .10 39 1 .10 38 1 .10 37 1 .10 36

1 .10

Big-Bang: 0(K), Hα ≈ 0.37ωh ω

1 η H β .H α Cosmological Age (s)

t = (ΗβηΗα)-1 Η FOR MORE INFO...

http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm

Graph 4

dgE

**2nd Derivative of the Hubble Constant
**

125 8 .10 t5 125 7 .10

125 6 .10 η 125 5 .10 1 dH2 dt2 e (Hz^3) 5 .µ 2 1 1 dH2 dt2 e 2 2 5 .µ . 5 .µ 1 125 3 .10 4 1 2 2 125 2 .10 125 4 .10

d2H/dt2 vs. t

dH2 dt2 H γ

3 2 H α .H γ . 5 .µ 2 . ln 1 . 5 .µ 2 2 Hγ 5 .µ Hγ

dH2 dt2 H β

1

2

1

2 2 5 .µ . 5 .µ dH2 dt2 e

2 2 2 5 .µ . 5 .µ . 5 .µ

125 1 .10

Hγ = Ηβη

0 1 .10 125

0

1 .10

42

1 .10

41

1 .10

40

1 η H β .H α Cosmological Age (s)

t = (ΗβηΗα)-1 Η FOR MORE INFO...

http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm

Graph 5

dgE

**Mag. of Hubble Cons. vs. Cosm. Age
**

1 2.5 .10 42 Hα

t1

Max. Cosmological Temp. Line: 3.2x1031(K)

**Primordial Inflation Thermal Inflation
**

dH dt H β η 42 2 .10

√|dH/dt| vs. t

Hubble Inflation Hubble Expansion

t4

1 dH dt e (Hz) 5 .µ 2 1 1.5 .10 1 dH dt e 2 2 5 .µ . 5 .µ 1 42

**FOR MORE INFO...
**

4 1 2 2 1 .10 42

2 2 5 .µ . 5 .µ dH dt e

2 2 2 5 .µ . 5 .µ . 5 .µ

5 .10

41

**http://www.deltagroupen gineering.com/public ations.htm
**

1 .10 42 1 .10 41 1 .10 40 1 .10 39 1 .10 38 1 .10 37 η H β .H α Cosmological Age (s) 1 .10 1 36 1 .10 35 1 .10 34 1 .10 33

0 43 1 .10

1 .10

Big-Bang: 0(K)

Gr ap h 15 dgE

32 1 .10 31

1 .10

30

t = (ΗβηΗα)-1 Η FOR MORE INFO...

http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm

Graph 6

dgE

Standard Model

**Photon method summary points
**

We have “quasi-unified” particle physics by considering all particles to be Photon radiators producing mass-energy & radii predictions (see: Proceedings) The Casimir Force is also derived based on our Photon method (see: “Quinta Essentia – Part 3”, includes new predictions) We have derived two of the most important Cosmological parameters & made new predictions (see: “Quinta Essentia – Part 4”)

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

**So what does all this mean?
**

The gravitational spectrum is a simple, but extreme, extension of the EM spectrum There may be “5+” undiscovered particles based on our harmonic interpretation of Photons The Hubble constant & CMBR temperature are related Matter is just a condensed form of Photons …. Hence, a Photon is a propagating “piece” of matter!

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

The End

I hope you’ve enjoyed the show …. Feel free to talk with me after the presentation or you can contact me by: E-Mail: rstorti@deltagroupengineering.com Phone (Oz): +61 410-493-087

FOR MORE INFO...

**http://www.deltagroupengineering.com/publications.htm
**

dgE

- Introduction to the OverfunctionUploaded byLeMérovingien Ahadji
- 05 G485 Modelling the UniverseUploaded byn0tsew
- 7E'S SAMPLE LP.docxUploaded byAyvee Esteleydes
- HW6Uploaded byarnab
- Exact Value of Hubble ConstantUploaded byRajmondo Ardeo Forlasis
- 1312.6575Uploaded bycrocoali
- second draftUploaded byapi-242405837
- Finding NothingUploaded byJames Bradley
- UniverseUploaded bysubbiahnaveera
- Big Bang Theory Origins2-1Uploaded byJah Egipto
- A Veces Me PreguntoUploaded byJonathan Barron
- Out of the White Hole a HolographicUploaded byjaswinder singh
- 01 S11-12ES-Ia-e-1Uploaded byashley magtoto
- Have We Found Empirical Evidence That We Live in a MultiverseUploaded byPredrag Pedja Kandic
- Time's Arrow (Price)Uploaded bydionyscar
- The Theory of Independent Time FinalUploaded byVarun Kulkarni
- portfolio - lesson - cosmogonyUploaded byapi-231993252
- Report28-07-2016Uploaded byKhatariz Redspada Novrizki
- Potential Mass, Big BangUploaded byHayagreeva Acharla
- scienceinthenewsjournalUploaded byapi-325642180
- Murli Manohar Verma- The Interacting and Non-Constant Cosmological ConstantUploaded byPlunart
- Time and SpaceUploaded byKaren Underwood
- A Populated UniverseUploaded byCaeli Francisco
- BBC Knowledge Juneio 2017 (1)Uploaded byandres
- Iacopo Carusotto et al- Density correlations and dynamical Casimir emission of Bogoliubov phonons in modulated atomic Bose-Einstein condensatesUploaded byLomewcx
- 8 energyUploaded byapi-314464220
- Hells GateUploaded byKeith Hooper
- Class ProjectUploaded byAmeyaSawant
- Stephen Hawking - Universe - The Teachers' GuideUploaded byBatFor
- Anthony Aguirre, Matthew C Johnson and Martin Tysanner- Surviving the crash: assessing the aftermath of cosmic bubble collisionsUploaded byGijke3

- Polarizable Vacuum (PV) and the Reissner-Nordstrom SolutionUploaded bydgE
- Polarizable Vacuum (PV) and the Schwarzschild SolutionUploaded bydgE
- The Natural Philosophy of the Cosmos (Graphs) (C)Uploaded bydgE
- The Natural Philosophy of the Cosmos (A)Uploaded bydgE
- The Natural Philosophy of the Cosmos (C)Uploaded bydgE
- SPIE 2011Uploaded bydgE
- Derivation of ElectroMagnetic RadiiUploaded bydgE
- Derivation of the Photon Mass-Energy ThresholdUploaded bydgE
- The Extraterrestrial Casimir EffectUploaded bydgE
- The Natural Philosophy of the Cosmos (B)Uploaded bydgE
- Derivation of the Photon & Graviton Mass-Energies & RadiiUploaded bydgE
- Derivation of Fundamental Particle Radii: Electron, Proton & NeutronUploaded bydgE
- The Natural Philosophy of Fundamental ParticlesUploaded bydgE
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - VIIUploaded bydgE
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - IUploaded bydgE
- Quinta Essentia - Part 2Uploaded bydgE
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - VIUploaded bydgE
- Particle Physics & Cosmology PostersUploaded bydgE
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - IVUploaded bydgE
- Quinta Essentia - Part 3Uploaded bydgE
- SPIE 2009Uploaded bydgE
- Quinta Essentia - Part 4Uploaded bydgE
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - IIIUploaded bydgE
- EGM Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - VUploaded bydgE
- SPIE 2005Uploaded bydgE
- Electro-Gravi-Magnetics (EGM); Practical modelling methods of the polarizable vacuum - IIUploaded bydgE
- Quinta Essentia - Part 1Uploaded bydgE