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com Stability Section B MARCH 2005 Q3) With reference to a vessel moored alongside having completed all cargo operations: (a) Produce a checklist to indicate the deck duties of the OOW whilst waiting for the next sailing tide? 1. Maintain ISPS watch 2. Check the draughts (forward/aft) 3. Check the watertight integrity of the vessel 4. Check for stowaways 5. Check the status of mooring winches, ensure they are ready for use 6. Ensure anchor lashings removed 7. Ensure all loose items are secured on deck 8. Ensure all lifting gears secured 9. Ensure deck cargo are properly lashed 10. Ensure all crew onboard 11. Ensure vessel complies with port rules and regulations at all times 12. Ensure pilot boarding arrangements are adequately done after proper communications with the pilot 13. Ensure vessel is ready for cast off as and whenever required

(b) Explain the initial emergency procedures the OOW should take in the event of discovering a fire? 1. Raise alarm 2. Inform master and engine room 3. Inform Port authorities 4. Muster crew and take headcount 5. Keep a person standby at gangway with the fire wallet for shore fi-fi team 6. Meanwhile try restricting the fire with available fi-fi equipment's onboard 7. Shut all ventilations and continue boundary cooling 8. Update vessels position in the radio room

Q4) a) Describe the precautions and the equipment's required when using a gangway as a means of access to a vessel? Precautions; 1. The gangway should be in proper condition and the angle of slope should not be more than 30 degrees 2. The walkway should be clear of any obstruction and the surface should be clean and free of any oily stains or grease 3. The space around the gangway should be well illuminated 4. Gangway should be provided with suitable fencing along the entire length 5. Proper ISPS watch to be maintained at all times 6. Fire wallet should be kept standby at the gangway

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B Equipment's: Safety nets, bulwark ladder, guard ropes life buoy with self-igniting light and lifeline and proper sign boards. (b) Explain the procedures and precautions to be observed before entering an enclosed space? The following precautions should be taken as appropriate before a potentially dangerous space is entered so as to make the space safe for entry without breathing apparatus and to ensure it remains safe whilst persons are within the space 1. A competent person should make an assessment of the space and a responsible officer to take charge of the operation should be appointed 2. The potential hazards should be identified 3. The space should be prepared and secured for entry 4. The atmosphere of the space should be tested 5. A “permit-to-work” system should be used Procedures; 1. Access to and within the space should be adequate and well illuminated. 2. No source of ignition should be taken or put into the space. 3. In all cases rescue and available resuscitation equipment should be positioned ready for use at the entrance to the space. 4. The number of personnel entering the space should be limited to those who actually need to work in the space 5. At least one attendant should be detailed to remain at the entrance to the space whilst it is occupied. 6. An agreed and tested system of communication should be established between any person entering the space and the attendant at the entrance, and between the attendant at the entrance to the space and the officer on watch. 7. The space to be thoroughly ventilated prior to entry and this ventilation to continue throughout the work within this enclosed space 8. The atmosphere of the space to checked at three different levels prior to entry and once satisfied entry to be made.

Q5) a) Outline the objectives and purpose of the international safety management (ISM)? The purpose of ISM code is established on International standard for the safe management and operation for ship and for pollution prevention. Objectives: 1. To ensure safety at sea, and the prevention of human injury or loss of life. 2. Avoid damage to the environment, in particular marine environment and property 3. Provide the safe practices in ship operation and safe working environment 4. Establish safe guards against all certified risks 5. Continuously improve safety-management skill of the personnel ashore and on ship

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B (b) Describe the legal status and purpose of the followings (I) COSWP Purpose: The main purpose of this code is to improve a health safety on board ship and provide guidance on safe working practice for many situation that commonly arise on ship and the basic. Principles can be applied to any situations that are not specifically covered. Legal Status: 1. COSWP is intended primarily for merchant seaman on United kingdom registered vessels 2. Copies of current addition of the code must be carried on a UK ships and made available to any seaman in the ship who request. 3. In accordance with the merchant shipping regulation 1998 there should always be adequate no of copies for master, safety officer and any member of the safety comities to have their own. 4. And at least one should be left for general reference.

(ii) Merchant Shipping Notices: 1. Merchant shipping notices are white in colour 2. Will only be used to convey mandatory information, which must complied with under UK regulations. 3. The MSN relate to statutory instrument and contain the technical details of such regulations. 4. Each MSN will be numbered in sequences. 5. They are to be carried onboard as per law. 6. Example MSN 1781

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B JUNE 2005 Q3) a) Describe the preparations and precautions that should be taken to ensure both the vessels watertight integrity and security of the cargo? 1. Ensure watertight openings are well fastened 2. Ensure all deck and hull openings are secured 3. Secure all loose items on deck 4. Ensure loose morning ropes are inside stores and lashed 5. Take extra lashings on the anchor and spurling pipe to be well covered 6. Ensure all deck cargo are properly lashed as per the approved cargo securing manual and if need be cover the cargo with canvas. 7. Secure and tightly shut all booby hatches and skylights 8. Check the alarms on (WIDS) water increase detecting system 9. Sound the bilges of the vessel at regular intervals 10. Ensure scuppers are clean and kept open 11. Ensure there isn’t any obstruction at the freeing’s ports 12. Use chalk test and fire hose pressure test to check the water tight ness of the rubber packing

(b) Outline the methods contained within the COSWP for merchant seamen to ensure safe movement onboard a vessel? As per chapter 13 Safe movement the following are the methods: 1. General advice 2. Drainage 3. Transit areas 4. Lighting 5. Guarding of opening 6. Watertight doors 7. Ship-board vehicle 8. Working on deck while ship is at sea 9. Heavy weather

Q4) a) Describe the preparations required when using a pilot ladder hoist as a means of access to a vessel 1. Check the physical condition of the pilot ladder hoist and also ensure each pilot ladder, hoist and associated equipment’s are safe to use. 2. Ensure rigging of the pilot ladder hoist is well supervised and throughout the rigging process maintain proper communication with the bridge. 3. Personnel engaged in rigging or operating the pilot ladder/hoist should be fully instructed in the safe procedures to be adopted and that the equipment is to be tested prior to each use. 4. Pilot ladders should be rigged in such a manner that the steps are horizontal, and such that the lower end is at a height above the water to allow ease of access to and from the attendant craft.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B 5. The ladder should rest firmly against the side of the ship. 6. A life-buoy with self-igniting light should be kept available at the point of access to the ship. 7. At night, the pilot ladder and ship’s deck should be properly illuminated.

(b) A general cargo vessel is at anchor discharging into barges. Explain the duties of the OOW during the operation? 1. Check vessels position at regular intervals of time. 2. Check mornings and fenders and draughts 3. Maintain proper communication with the barges at all times 4. Discharge as per the cargo plan 5. Display proper day and night signals 6. Ensure deck and hold areas are well illuminated 7. Maintain proper ISPS and anti piracy watch at all times 8. Ensure there is safe access onboard vessel 9. Ensure Fi-Fi equipment's are properly lit and ready for use 10. Ensure no smoking regulation followed 11. Maintain proper log keeping 12. Ensure vessels in the vicinity aren’t of any concern 13. Regular monitor the Wx (weather) reports 14. Take proper deck rounds and check on ship side for any abnormality.

Q5) Describe the precautions and preparations to be taken by the OOW before, during and after bunkering operations? Before Bunkering: 1. Securely moor alongside to restrict the movement of the ship, and/or the bunker barge 2. Rig fire wires 3. Ensure proper communication established 4. The chief engineer will complete the ship’s bunkering checklist with a representative from the suppliers. 5. Oil spill equipment’s and fire fighting equipment checked and available and ready for use 6. Blank Unused manifolds 7. Ensure sounding of all bunker tanks taken and calculation completed 8. Ensure all scuppers are securely plugged 9. Bunker hoses inspected and checked for any visible signs of damage and securely bolted 10. All personnel involved in the operation familiar with bunker system 11. All sea and over board valves connected to the bunker system are closed 12. Ensure the piping system is lined up correctly 13. Ensure proper day and night signals are displayed

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B During: 1. Ensure hoses connections and pipelines are not leaking 2. Check on the over side to note any leakage to sea 3. Cargo and ballast operations keep the ship upright 4. Sounding of bunker tanks at regular intervals and loading rate calculated 5. Periodic communication with shore 6. Monitor bilge alarm

After Bunkering: 1. Hoses to be drained before disconnected 2. Bunker system valves closed 3. Bunker system receptions are blank flanged as soon as hoses are disconnected 4. Keeping a record up to date in Oil Record Book Part 1

Q5) (b) Define Special Area MARPOL defines certain sea areas, as "special areas" in which, for technical reasons relating to their oceanographical and ecological condition and to their sea traffic, the adoption of special mandatory methods for the prevention of sea pollution is required. Under the Convention, these special areas are provided with a higher level of protection than other areas of the sea.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B Oct 2005 Q3) (a) Describe the precautions and equipment required for each of the following means of access (i) A Vessels Gangway Precautions: 1. The gangway should be in proper condition and the angle of slope should not be more than 30 degrees 2. The walkway should be clear of any obstruction and the surface should be clean and free of any oily stains or grease 3. The space around the gangway should be well illuminated 4. Gangway should be provided with suitable fencing along the entire length 5. Proper ISPS watch to be maintained at all times 6. Fire wallet should be kept standby at the gangway Equipment's: Safety nets, bulwark ladder, guard ropes life buoy with self igniting light and life line and proper sign boards.

(ii) A Pilot Ladder 1. Check the physical condition of the pilot ladder and also ensure each pilot ladder steps and associated equipment’s are safe to use. 2. Ensure rigging of the pilot ladder hoist is well supervised and throughout the rigging process maintain proper communication with the bridge. 3. Personnel engaged in rigging or operating the pilot ladder/hoist should be fully instructed in the safe procedures to be adopted and that the equipment is to be tested prior to each use. 4. Pilot ladder should be rigged in such a manner that the steps are horizontal, and such that the lower end is at a height above the water to allow ease of access to and from the attendant craft. 5. The ladder should rest firmly against the side of the ship. 6. A life buoy with self-igniting light should be kept available at the point of access to the ship. 7. At night, the pilot ladder and ship’s deck should be properly illuminated.

(b) List 6 items of safety equipment's required for enclosed space entry? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Neil Robertson Stretcher SCBA with spare bottles EEBD’s Safety Harness Medical First Aid Resuscitator Rescue lines and tripod frame Portable gas meters and intrinsically safe torches

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B

Q4) (a) An oil tanker is loading alongside. Explain the duties of the OOW during the operation? 1. Open correct manifold valve which is connected with the loading hose 2. Commence loading slowly and before increasing loading rate, connections must be checked for leaks 3. Maintain checks and close watch on all systems 4. A man should be permanently near manifolds ready to inform shore incase of emergency 5. Empty and full tanks should be checked regularly 6. Over side and unused manifolds, pipelines and pump room should be checked for leakage at regularly 7. Manifold pressure should be zero and continuously monitored 8. Calculate cargo quantity and check draught at regular intervals and tally the figures with shore terminal 9. Check PV valves and PV breakers are operating at the correct pressure 10. Ullages to be taken regularly 11. Close watch on tank ullages when completion of loading and topping off 12. Prior completion of loading shore need to be given 30 mins notice and request to slow down as loading goes into the final tank 13. Mooring must be continuously attended to, to prevent ship from surging which may cause the hose to rupture 14. OOW must obtain loading rate 30m interval ullages to enable him to have a good idea of when the particular tanks will be completed 15. All other general safety and pollution preventions regulations should be followed 16. Keep a up to date record in the scrap log and at the end of the watch in the deck log

(b) List the personal protective equipment's that an OOW should wear during mooring operations? 1. Safety helmet for head protection 2. Ear muff for hearing protection 3. Goggles for eye protection 4. Gloves for hand protection 5. Shoes for feet protection 6. Boiler suit for body protection

Q5 (a) State six annexes that are listed under the IMO Marpol 73/78 convention? Annex I Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil (entered into force 2 October 1983) Annex II Regulations for the Control of Pollution by Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk (entered into force 2 October 1983)

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B Annex III Prevention of Pollution by Harmful Substances Carried by Sea in Packaged Form (entered into force 1 July 1992) Annex IV Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships (entered into force 27 September 2003) Annex V Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships (entered into force 31 December 1988) Annex VI Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships (entered into force 19 May 2005)

(b) State the liability resulting from an offence connected with discharge of oil from cargo tanks or machinery space bilges under UK regulations a) Maximum fine of 250000 pounds b) Maximum imprisonment of 6 months

(c) Outline the entries to be made in the garbage record book? Each completed page of the garbage record book is to be sign by master is to be kept available for inspection and preserved by the for a period of two years after final entry is made. When garbage is discharge into the sea; 1. Date and time of discharge 2. Position of ship, for cargo residue discharges, include discharge start and stop positions 3. Category of garbage discharged 4. Estimated amount of discharge 5. Signature of the officer in-charge of the operation When garbage is discharged to reception facilities ashore or other ships; 1. Date and time of discharge 2. Port facility or name of the ship 3. Category of garbage discharged 4. Estimated amount of discharge for each categories in cubic meters 5. Signature of the officer in-charge of the operation. When garbage is incinerated; 1. Date and time of start and stop of incineration 2. Position of ship 3. Estimated amount incinerated in cubic meters 4. Signature of the officer in- charge

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B

Accidental or other exceptional discharge of garbage; 1. Date and time of occurrence 2. Port or position of the ship at the time of occurrence 3. Estimated amount and category of garbage 4. Circumstances of disposal, escape or loss the reason there for and general remark

(d) Describe the purpose of a MGN published by the mca? 1. Marine guidance notes are blue in colour 2. MGN will provide advice of guidelines to relevant parties in order to improve the safety of shipping and of life at sea and to prevent or minimize pollution form shipping. 3. Numbered in a sequence. 4. For example MGN – 315

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B NOV 2005 Q3) With reference to a general cargo vessel which is alongside loading: (a) Explain a system of garbage management that can be utilized by the OOW to prevent pollution? 1. The OOW should familiarize himself with the process of collection, storage and disposal 2. Segregate into different categories 3. Disposal to be done in proper bins provided 4. The bins to be kept closed all times 5. Coloured bins should be provided for identification 6. Garbage should not be discharged overboard any case 7. Keep record of garbage 8. Retain receipt of the disposal facilities ashore 9. Coloured bins should be provided for identification

(b) Explain other duties that the OOW may execute during loading of the cargo in addition to garbage management 1. Comply with STCW, port and company regulations and fire regulations 2. Ensure vessel is securely moored and alongside 3. Ensure safe access to vessel, display correct signals. 4. Keep a good eye on weather condition, also on the state of tide. 5. Keep watch on Ch 16 and keep shore emergency no in case of any emergency 6. Ensure fire fighting equipment’s are standby 7. Ensure no smoking sighs are displayed in no smoking area 8. Ensure all dangerous cargoes loaded away from accommodation 9. Check draughts frequently, keep vessel upright, no list. 10. Ensure sailing time is displayed. 11. Ensure crew are wearing correct safety gear as per COSWP 12. Only admit authorized persons, gangway watch maintained and should be monitored properly 13. Only admit authorized persons, gangway watch maintained and should be monitored 14. Be aware of pilferage

Q4 (a) Outline the entries to be made in Oil Record Book Part I & II Part – 1 Machinery space operation – all ships 1. Ballasting or cleaning of oil/fuel tank. 2. Discharged of dirty ballast or cleaning water from fuel oil tanks 3. Collection and disposal of oil residues (sludge and other oil residues) 4. Discharge overboard or disposal otherwise of bilge water which has accumulated in machinery spaces. 5. Bunkering of fuel or bulk lubrication oil. 6. Status of the ODMCS – oily discharge monitoring and control system.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B Part 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. - 2 For cargo/ballast operation – oil tanker Loading of oil cargo Unloading of oil cargo Internal transfer of oil cargo during voyage Ballasting of cargo tanks and dedicated clean ballast tank Cleaning of cargo tank including crude oil washing. Closing of all applicable valve or similar device after slope tank discharge operation 7. Closing of valves necessary for isolation of dedicated clean ballast tanks from cargo and stripping lines after slop tank discharge operations 8. Discharge of ballast except from segregated ballast tank 9. Discharge of water from slope tank 10. Disposal of residue

(c) Outline the functions of approved Oil Discharge Monitoring And Control System Equipment (ODMCS) as required by Annex I, Marpol 1. The system shall be fitted with a recording device to provide a continuous record of discharge in liters per NM and total quantity discharged, or the oil contents and the rate of oil discharge. 2. The record should be identifiable with time and date. 3. It should be kept for at least 3 years 4. This must come in operation automatically to stop the discharge if the instantaneous rate of discharge of oil content exceeds 30 liter/nm 5. Any failure in ODMCS shall stop the discharge.

Q5) Explain the precautions and procedures that must be taken when entering an enclosed or confined space on a merchant vessel such as an empty cargo or an ballast tank? 1. Risk assessment to be conducted 2. Emergency plan to be in existence 3. Obtain entry permit 4. Obtain work permit 5. Complete the marine safety card 6. Ventilate space 7. Obtain the explosimeter reading of the space 8. Obtain o2 reading of the space 9. Obtain toxic reading 10. Competent person in attendance at the entrance 11. Communications established with the OOW(bridge), entrance and persons in hold 12. All electrical equipment’s to be intrinsically safe 13. Standby team ready 14. Persons in place to have emergency life saving appliances 15. Continuous ventilation 16. Tally person in out

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B 17. Adjacent tank to be isolated (shut tanks valves and IG) 18. Adequate lighting 19. All persons to be wearing correct PPE. 20. Ensure Emergency equipment to be ready at hand • Self contained breathing apparatus • Spare bottles • Safety harness • Safety lines • Rescue tripod • Resuscitator • Rescue line • First aid equipment • Stretcher • Torches /night lights • Fire fighting equipment’s

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B

MARCH 2006 Q3) (a) Describe the precautions and preparations required for each (i) A Vessels Gangway Precautions: 1. The gangway should be in proper condition and the angle of slope should not be more than 30 degree 2. The walkway should be clear of any obstruction and the surface should be clean and free of any oily stains or grease 3. The space around the gangway should be well illuminated 4. Gangway should be provided with suitable fencing along the entire length 5. Proper ISPS watch to be maintained at all times 6. Fire wallet should be kept standby at the gangway Preparatory Equipment's must be kept standby such as: Safety nets, bulwark ladder, guard ropes life buoy with self igniting light and life line and proper sign boards.

(ii) A Pilot Ladder 1. Check the physical condition of the pilot ladder and also ensure each pilot ladder steps and associated equipment’s are safe to use. 2. Ensure rigging of the pilot ladder hoist is well supervised and throughout the rigging process maintain proper communication with the bridge. 3. Personnel engaged in rigging or operating the pilot ladder/hoist should be fully instructed in the safe procedures to be adopted and that the equipment is to be tested prior to each use. 4. Pilot ladder should be rigged in such a manner that the steps are horizontal, and such that the lower end is at a height above the water to allow ease of access to and from the attendant craft. 5. The ladder should rest firmly against the side of the ship. 6. A life buoy with self-igniting light should be kept available at the point of access to the ship. 7. At night, the pilot ladder and ship’s deck should be properly illuminated.

(b) List six items of safety equipment required for enclosed space entry? 1. Neil Robertson Stretcher 2. SCBA with spare bottles 3. EEBD’s 4. Safety Harness 5. Medical First Aid 6. Resuscitator 7. Rescue lines and tripod frame 8. Portable gas meters and intrinsically safe torches

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B

Q4) (a) State five pollution prevention measures itemized on a tankers ship – shore safety checklist? 1. Are the SOPEP (ship board oil pollution emergency plan) equipment’s kept standby 2. All reducers are approved and compatible with cargo lines and the type of cargo. 3. All connection flanges are fitted with the appropriate gaskets. And all flange bolts are properly tightened. 4. The loading arms are free to move in all directions and/or the hoses have enough room for easy movement. 5. All valves are checked and in the right position 6. Scuppers and save-alls on board are effectively plugged and drip trays are in position and empty

(b) An Oil tanker is alongside. Explain the duties of the OOW before, during and after loading operations? Before loading operation: 1. Ensure cargo hoses arms are good condition, and properly rigged and connected with ship’s manifold and fully bolted 2. When de-ballasting is completed tanks should be inspected and overboard valves lashed shut as well as the sea chest valves. 3. Line up properly 4. All cargo tank lid closed 5. Tank venting system should be checked and working properly 6. PV valves verified using check lift facility 7. Ensure sufficient pump room ventilation 8. All individual tank IG valve correctly set and locked 9. Test the emergency stopping systems, efficiency of COP, ballast pump, IG system and stripping system. 10. Check O2 content in the cargo tank and slop tank. 11. Check pressure gauge at manifold. 12. Blank and bolted un-used manifold. 13. Take sounding of empty tanks, slop tank and cargo tanks 14. Check all external doors, portholes closed. 15. Check air condition on re-circulation. 16. Ensure good communication is established. During loading operations: 1. Open correct manifold which connected with hose 2. Commence loading slowly and before increasing loading rate, connections must be checked for leaks 3. Maintain checks and close watch on all systems 4. A man should be permanently near manifolds ready to inform shore incase of emergency 5. Empty and full tanks should be checked regularly

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B 6. Over side and unused manifolds, pipelines and pumproom should be checked for leakage at regular basis 7. Manifold pressure should be zero and continuously monitored 8. Calculate cargo quantity and check draught at regular intervals 9. Check PV valves and PV breakers are operating at the correct pressure 10. Ullages to be taken regularly 11. Mooring must be continuously attended to, to restrict the movement of the loading arm 12. Proper ISPS watch should be maintained 13. All other general safety and pollution preventions regulations should be followed 14. Keeping a record upto date in the scrap log and at the end of the watch in the deck log 15. Carry out master’s and standing instructions, port and company regulations

After loading operations: 1. Lines should be drained and all valves closed before disconnecting 2. Ullage port closed 3. After disconnection hose ship’s manifold blanked and bolted 4. Drain drip trays, usually into the nearest tank. 5. Final ullages, densities, temperatures and samples to be taken.

Q5 (a) Describe the purpose of an MSN published by the MCA? 1. Merchant shipping notices are white in colour 2. Their purpose is to convey mandatory informations, which must complied with under UK regulations 3. The MSN relate to statutory instrument and contain the technical details of such regulations. 4. Each MSN will be numbered in sequences 5. They are to be carried onboard as per law. 6. Example MSN 1781

(b) State six annexes that are listed under the IMO marpol convention? 1. Regulations for the prevention of pollution by OIL 2. Regulations for the control of Pollution by noxious liquid substance in bulk 3. Regulations for the prevention of Pollution by harmful substance in packaged form 4. Regulations for the prevention of Pollution by sewage from ship 5. Regulations for the preventions of Pollution by garbage from ship 6. Regulations for the prevention of the Air Pollution from ship

(c) Define Special Area under IMO marpol convention? (d) Outline the entries that must be made in the Garbage Record Book?

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B JULY 2006 Q3) With reference to a vessel loading general cargo, explain the duties of the 00W with respect to each of the following? (a) The Security Of The Vessel And Cargo 1. The OOW must ensure that the vessel is securely moored and alongside 2. The OOW must keep watch on channel 16 and keep shore emergency no in case of any emergency 3. The OOW must Ensure display correct signal if there is and dangerous cargo (red flag) 4. The OOW must ensure that no unauthorized persons should is permitted access to the vessel 5. Proper ISPS watch to be maintained at the gangway and visitors to be checked as per the ship security plan and ID cards to be issued to each individual visiting the vessel 6. The OOW must ensure that regular deck rounds are taken 7. All doors to be locked and places like emergency generator room to be sealed 8. Be aware of pilferage 9. The OOW must ensure that there should not any ropes or wires hanging on ships side 10. The OOW must ensure that the cargo being loaded is stowed as per the cargo plan with proper colour codes and lashed as per the cargo securing manual. (b) The safety of the personnel 1. Ensure all stevedores/crew are wearing proper PPE 2. Specialized protection to be provided when certain hazardous cargoes are carried 3. Ensure guards rails/lighting is in good condition and fitted in tween decks 4. Ensure there is no oily and greases on deck (avoid slipping hazards) 5. Ensure there is no sharp edges on working places 6. Ensure the crew working near the loading place are well versed with the loading plan and clear of the lifting gears 7. Ensure safe access to vessel 8. Ensure all the walk ways and passages are clearly marked 9. When loading cargo on deck the OOW must ensure that the deck cargo should not obstruct the safe movement across the vessel 10. All loose items on deck to be secured in the respective places Q4) (a) Describe the purpose of each of the following MCA publications? (I) MGN 1. Marine guidance notes are blue in colour 2. MGN will provide advice of guidelines to relevant parties in order to improve the safety of shipping and of life at sea and to prevent or minimize pollution form shipping. 3. Numbered in a sequence. 4. For example MGN – 315

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B

(ii) MSN 1. Merchant shipping notices are white in colour 2. Will only be used to convey mandatory information, which must complied with under UK regulations. 3. The MSN relate to statutory instrument and contain the technical details of such regulations. 4. Each MSN will be numbered in sequences. 5. They are to be carried onboard as per law. 6. Example MSN 1781

(iii) MIN 1. Marine Information notices are green in color 2. Marine information notices will provide information intended for a more limited audience. 3. Such as training establishment or equipment manufacturer or which will be use for a shorter period of time, such as timetables for only MCA examination. 4. Each MIN will be numbered in a sequence and 5. Each will have a cancellation date ( which will typically be 12 months after the date of publication)

(b) Outline the objectives and purpose of the international safety management (ISM)? The purpose of ISM code is established on International standard for the safe management and operation for ship and for pollution prevention. Objectives: 1. To ensure safety at sea, and the prevention of human injury or loss of life. 2. Avoid damage to the environment, in particular marine environment and property 3. Provide the safe practices in ship operation and safe working environment 4. Establish safe guards against all certified risks 5. Continuously improve safety-management skill of the personnel ashore and on ship

Q5) (a) Describe the precautions and equipment required for each of the following means of access: (i) A vessels gangway Precautions; 1. The gangway should be in proper condition and the angle of slope should not be more than 30 degrees 2. The walkway should be clear of any obstruction and the surface should be clean and free of any oily stains or grease 3. The space around the gangway should be well illuminated

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B 4. Gangway should be provided with suitable fencing along the entire length 5. Proper ISPS watch to be maintained at all times 6. Fire wallet should be kept standby at the gangway Equipment's: Safety nets, bulwark ladder, guard ropes life buoy with self-igniting light and lifeline and proper signboards.

(ii) A Pilot Ladder 1. Check the physical condition of the pilot ladder hoist and also ensure each pilot ladder, hoist and associated equipment’s are safe to use. 2. Ensure rigging of the pilot ladder hoist is well supervised and throughout the rigging process maintain proper communication with the bridge. 3. Personnel engaged in rigging or operating the pilot ladder/hoist should be fully instructed in the safe procedures to be adopted and that the equipment is to be tested prior to each use. 4. Pilot ladders should be rigged in such a manner that the steps are horizontal, and such that the lower end is at a height above the water to allow ease of access to and from the attendant craft. 5. The ladder should rest firmly against the side of the ship. 6. A life-buoy with self-igniting light should be kept available at the point of access to the ship. 7. At night, the pilot ladder and ship’s deck should be properly illuminated.

(b) Explain the initial emergency procedures the OOW should take in the event of discovering a fire? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Sound the fire alarm Call master if not already on bridge and notify the E/Rm Muster Crew Establish communication Check for missing and injured crew member On locating the fire, notify all onboard of the location If an E/Rm fire prepare for engine failure and manoeuvre ship away from danger 8. Update vessels position in the radio (GMDSS) room

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B OCTOBER 2006 Q3) With reference to a vessel engaged in mooring operations: (a) Outline the PPE that must be worn when on stand by forward – aft? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Safety helmet for head protection Ear muff for hearing protection Goggles for eye protection Gloves for hand protection Shoes for feet protection Boiler suit for body protection

(b) Explain the duties of the OOW incharge of the mooring station? 1. The OOW must find out the mooring plan from the master and the pilot 2. The OOW must ensure sufficient crew are available 3. The OOW must ensure all crew are in proper PPE 4. The mooring plan to be properly narrated to the fellow crew personnel at the mooring station 5. Dynamic risk assessment and safe job analysis to be carried out 6. Crew to be well informed about the snap back zones 7. Test communication and establish a back up communication method. 8. Ensure adequate lighting on mooring station. 9. Ensure winches and other mooring equipment’s are working properly. 10. Also check that the safety pins of the winches are in place and the save all are plugged in. 11. Ensure ropes are flacked. 12. Ensure heaving lines standby 13. Ensure deck is clutter free. Decks should have anti-slip surfaces provided by fixed treads or anti-slip paint coatings. 14. On decks oil leaks from winches, and surfaces of fairleads, bollards, bitts and drum ends should be cleaned and in good condition. 15. Ensure mooring ropes, wires, stoppers are good condition. 16. Ensure all wires are well lubricated. 17. Ensure rat guards in place after the moorings are completed

Q4) (a) With reference to COSWP: (I) State the minimum information that should be included in a permit to work? As per COSWP chapter 16 permit to work are divided into six sections: SECTION A – Scope of Work (i) Designation of space (ii) Designation of machinery / equipment (iii) Description (iv) Name of person carrying out work or in charge of the work party

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B SECTION B - Check List / Isolation Data SECTION C – Authorizing of Permit (I) Validity of permit (II) Name, signature, date and time of authorizing person SECTION D – Receipt of Permit Name, signature, date and time of the competent person SECTION E – Clearance of Permit SECTION F – Cancellation of Permit

(ii) Outline the methods to ensure safe movement whilst onboard? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. General advice Drainage Transit area Lighting Guarding of openings Watertight doors Ship-board vehicles Working on deck while ship is at sea Heavy weather

(b) List the equipment’s that should be available at the entrance of an enclosed space in event of an emergency? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Neil Robertson Stretcher SCBA with spare bottles EEBD’s Safety Harness Medical First Aid Resuscitator Rescue lines and tripod frame Portable gas meters and intrinsically safe torches

Q5 (a) State the annexes of MARPOL? (b) State the liability resulting from an offence connected with the discharge of oil from cargo tanks or machinery spaces bilges under UK regulations

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B (c) State the conditions tat must be complied with under Annex I, Marpol 73/78 with respect to the discharge of the oily and oil misture from machinery spaces into any part of the sea? OUTSIDE SPECIAL AREA AND MORE THAN 50 Nm FROM THE NEAREST LAND 1. The tanker is proceeding en route, and 2. The instantaneous rate of discharge of oil does not exceed 30 litres/nm 3. The total quantity of oil discharged into the sea - does not exceed for tankers delivered on or before 31 December 1979 - 1/15,000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo of which the residue formed a part- and for tankers delivered after 31 December 1979 – 1/30,000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo of which the residue formed a part, and 4. The tanker has in operation an oil discharge monitoring and control system and a slop tank arrangement as required by the regulations 29 and 31 respectively.

December 2006 “All questions are repeated which are already covered in the previous pages”

MARCH 2007 Q4) (b) Additional considerations that should be taken when the vessel is loading at a single point mooring / single buoy mooring (SPM/ SBM) Apart from normal loading duties the other duties would be; 1. Check the position of the SBM with respect to the vessel 2. Ensure there isn’t much weight on the chain of the SBM 3. Ensure that the loading hose coming from the SBM isn’t rubbing with the ship side 4. There should a person standby at the forward of the vessel monitoring all of the above through out the loading process.

JULY 2007 NOV 2007 MARCH 2008 “ALL QUESTIONS ARE REPEATED FROM PREVIOUS YEARS”

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B JULY 2008 Q3) (b) State the precautions and limitations when using a combustible gas indicator (explosimeter) Precautions: 1. Ensure the meter is properly caliberated 2. Check the battery level 3. Ensure there are no kinks in the tube 4. Ensure the cotton in the filter is neat and clean 5. Ensure the meter shows “zero) readings in normal atmosphere Limitations: 1. The instrument should not be used where the oxygen concentration exceeds that of fresh air (oxygen enriched atmosphere) when sampling for gases like acetylene and hydrogen. 2. Certain materials such as silicon, silicates (such as in certain hydraulic fluids) and organic lead (such as in leaded gasoline) will poison the combustible gas sensor thereby giving erroneously low readings. 3. Combustible gas readings, either negative or greater than 100% LEL, may indicate an explosive concentration of gas beyond the accurate response range of the combustible gas sensor. 4. Pressurized or low pressure samples will give erroneous oxygen percent readings. 5. Acid gases, such as carbon dioxide, will shorten the service life of the oxygen sensor. 6. The instrument will not indicate the presence of combustible airborne mists or dusts such as lubricating oils, coal dust or grain dust.

Q5) (a) Define a PSSA (Particularly Sensitive Sea Area)? A Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) is an area that needs special protection through action by IMO because of its significance for recognized ecological or socio-economic or scientific reasons and which may be vulnerable to damage by international maritime activities.

(b) Describe the precautions and preparations to be taken by the OOW during bunkers on a passenger vessel? 1. Ensure hoses connections and pipelines are not leaking 2. Check on the over side to note any leakage to sea 3. Cargo and ballast operations keep the ship upright 4. Sounding of bunker tanks at regular intervals and loading rate calculated 5. Periodic communication with shore 6. Monitor bilge alarm 7. Ensure there isn’t any movement of the passengers near the bunker manifold 8. Place proper sign boards and ensure no smoking regulations in place

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B OCT 2008 Q3) With reference to a general cargo vessel alongside loading cargo a) List the information to be included on a cargo plan 1. Ships name 2. Masters name 3. Port of Loading 4. Port of discharge 5. Voyage Number 6. Key/ Colour codes for discharge ports 7. Stowage location of the cargo 8. Commodity figures/ volumes 9. Draughts 10. Deadweight Statement

Q4) (a) List the principle sources of information available to a ships officer regarding the carriage of any form of dangerous cargo? 1. IMDG code – International Maritime Dangerous Goods 2. BC code of safe practice for solid bulk cargo 3. IBC – International Bulk Chemical code 4. TSG – Tanker Safety Guide 5. ISGOTT – International Safety Guide For Tankers & Terminals 6. INF code - International Code for the Safe Carriage of Packaged Irradiated Nuclear Fuel 7. A Guide to The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) 8. MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) 9. Shippers Declaration

(b) List the documentation and information a shipper is required to supply to a vessel loading dangerous goods in packaged form? 1. IMDG class / division 2. Container Packing Declaration 3. Proper Shipping Name 4. UN number 5. MFAG 6. EMS 7. Flashpoint 8. Packaging group 9. Special Instructions 10. Declaration duly dated and signed by the shipper

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B Q5) a) Describe the precautions to be taken prior to loading fuel oil bunkers? 1. Ensure proper communication established 2. The chief engineer will complete the ship’s bunkering checklist with a representative from the suppliers. 3. Oil spill equipment’s and fire fighting equipment checked and available and ready for use 4. Blank Unused manifolds 5. Ensure sounding of all F.O bunker tanks taken and calculation completed 6. All personnel involved in the operation familiar with bunker system 7. All sea and over board valves connected to the bunker system are closed 8. Ensure the piping system is lined up correctly 9. Ensure proper day and night signals are displayed

(b) State the actions that should be taken by the OOW in the event of a bunker fuel oil spill? 1. Immediately stop the bunkering using the emergency stop 2. Raise alarm 3. Try to restrict the spill to minimum possible 4. Muster crew 5. Start the cleaning process using the available SOPEP equipment's 6. Ensure no oil overboard 7. Keep fire team ready as there can be a possibility of fire 8. Use saw dust and oil booms contain oil in drums 9. Use pneumatic pump and drain the oil in slop tanks 10. Maintain proper logs especially in ORB Part I

(c) Describe the action to be taken regarding the disposal of plastics on board a vessel? 1. Ensure plastics is not disposed into sea nor incinerated onboard 2. Ensure it is well collected, segregated into proper colour coded bins and the lids of the bin to be kept shut at all times 3. If vessel fitted with a plastic compressor, compress the plastic 4. Land plastic ashore and maintain proper records in GRB (garbage record book) 5. Retain receipt of the disposal facilities ashore

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B NOV 2008 Q3) A general cargo vessel is to load a heavy transformer on deck using ships gear Explain the precautions and checks to be taken prior and during loading? Prior Loading: 1. Carry out a risk assessment and a stability assessment 2. Carry out a full inspection of the heavy lifting gear 3. Carry out a lift test prior to use 4. Rig mast stays if needed 5. Ensure winches in low gear 6. Rig Fenders 7. Lift gangway 8. Standby mooring 9. Cast off any barge 10. Inform all ship personnel about the lift 11. Remove ship rails and bulwarks 12. Clear area properly and ensure only needed people around for the lift 13. Prepare deck area with strong bearers to spread loads 14. Attach steady lines to the lift During loading: 1. Take lift slowly until ship is at maximum list angle 2. Take final 5% of weight using topping lift in order to avoid drag 3. When ship has full weight – stop and ensure all ok 4. Once confirm all ok onboard, process and load the transformer slowly onboard 5. Slowly lower the weight into the bearers using appropriate chocks 6. Ballast as necessary according to the stability plan 7. Before releasing hook, lash weight sufficiently

MARCH 2009 Q4 (a) Define garbage as described in Marpol 73/78? Garbage means all kinds of victual, domestic and operational waste excluding fresh fish and parts there of, generated during the normal operations of the ship and liable to be disposed of continuously or periodically except those substances which are defined or listed in other annexes to present conventions of MARPOL

“JULY 2009 & December 2009 all questions are repeated”

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B OCT 2009 Q5) (a) State five hazards associated with the carriage of chemicals in bulk describing the associated precaution for each? 1. Corrosivity 2. Reactivity 3. Oxidation 4. Flammability 5. Toxicity 6. Pollution

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(b) List the protective equipment, which much be provided aboard a chemical tanker in order to satisfy the requirement’s of the IBC code for ships carrying dangerous chemicals in bulk? 1. Large apron 2. Special chemical resistant gloves with long sleeves 3. Suitable footwear 4. Cover all of chemical resistance material 5. Tight fitting goggles or face mask

mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B JULY 2010 Q3) Explain the precautions necessary to be taken onboard a tanker before loading a cargo with reference to each of the following? (i) Safety: 1. Ensure vessel is safely moored and emergency towing wire rigged 2. Ensure proper communication established with shore or terminal 3. Ensure fi –fi equipment's in place and ready to use 4. Ensure terminal of foam monitors pointed towards the manifold 5. Ensure SOPEP equipment's in place and ready to use 6. Ensure gangway properly rigged and personnel standby at the gangway 7. Ensure proper deck watches are maintained and regular rounds are carried out 8. Ensure mooring stations are secured after mooring operations and proper sign boards are posted 9. Ensure no smoking regulations in place and no one allowed on deck with lighters or cell phones 10. Ensure proper day and night signals displayed and deck adequately illuminated during night hours (ii) The avoidance of pollution 1. Ensure after moorings forward and aft the save alls are plugged in 2. Ensure all scuppers tighten up 3. Ensure Dip trays plugged in 4. Ensure SOPEP equipment's in place and ready to use 5. Ensure dump tank valve operating fine 6. Ensure high level alarms are working fine 7. Ensure manifolds are properly bolted 8. Check the physical condition of the hose properly prior to commencing loading 9. Ensure proper deck and pump room rounds are taken at regular intervals 10. Ensure the lines are setup properly and there is no pressure at the manifold pressure gauges

Q4) (a) With reference to the IMDG code, explain what is meant by each of the following and also state what are they used for; (i) MFAG MFAG stands for Medical First Aid Guide. The MFAG is used in accidents involving dangerous goods. It is found in the supplement volume of the IMDG code.

(ii) EMS EMS stands for emergency schedules. The EMS is the emergency response procedures for ships carrying dangerous goods. It is found in the supplement volume of the IMDG code.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B OCT 2010 Q4) a) Outline the main considerations to be taken into account by the OOW with regard to the use and operation of any form of lifting plant? 1. Carry out a risk and stability assessment 2. Consider physical condition of the lifting plant and certification 3. Consider testing the lifting plant before any operation 4. Consider SWL (safe working load) of the lifting plant 5. Consider that a competent person operates the lifting plant 6. Ensure unwanted people are away from the lifting plant while it is being operated

(C) Describe the precautions that should be made prior to encountering heavy weather? 1. Inform everyone onboard 2. All movable objects to be secured above and below decks, particularly in the E/Rm, galley and accommodation 3. Ensure cargo to be properly lashed, and take extra lashings on gangway and pilot ladders 4. Ships accommodation to be tightly secured and all ports and deadlights closed 5. Adjust speed and course accordingly 6. Warn crew to avoid upper deck areas which would be made dangerous by the weather 7. Rig safety lines and hand ropes where necessary 8. Monitor weather reports 9. Transmit weather reports to the appropriate authorities or in case of tropical storms, danger messages in accordance with SOLAS

Q5 (a) State the objectives of ISM (International Safety Management) code, describing how these are achieved? Objectives; 1. To ensure safety at sea, and the prevention of human injury or loss of life. 2. Avoid damage to the environment, in particular marine environment and property 3. Provide the safe practices in ship operation and safe working environment 4. Establish safe guards against all certified risks 5. Continuously improve safety-management skill of the personnel ashore and on ship In order to achieve these objectives every company develops, implements and maintain a Safety Management System (SMS) which includes the following functional requirements: 1. A safety and environmental protection policy 2. Instructions and procedures to ensure safe operation of ships and protection of the environment in compliance with relevant international and flag state legislation

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B 3. Defined levels of authority and lines of communication between, and amongst, shore and shipboard personnel 4. Procedures for reporting accidents and non-conformities with the provisions of this Code 5. Procedures to prepare for and respond to emergency situations 6. Procedures for internal audits and management reviews

DEC 2010 Q3 (a) Define each of the following? (i) Flashpoint The lowest temperature at which a product may give off enough gas at the surface of the product to form a flammable mixture

(ii) Flammable range/ Explosive range The range of hydrocarbon gas concentrations in air, between the lower flammable limit and the upper flammable limit. Mixtures within this range will support combustion.

(iii) Volatile petroleum Volatile petroleum are the products which have a flashpoint of below 60 degrees celsius

(B) List 14 items found on tankers ship-shore checklist? 1. Is ship securely moored? 2. Are the emergency towing wires rigged? 3. Is there safe access between ship and shore? 4. Is ship ready to move under its own power? 5. Is there effective deck watch and shore supervision? 6. Is efficient ship to shore communication system operating? 7. Have emergency signal agreed? 8. Is the cargo, bunker and ballast procedures agreed? 9. Are toxic hazards from cargo identified? 10. Is emergency shut down procedures understood and agreed? 11. Are fi – fi and SOPEP equipment's on ship and shore ready for use?

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B FEB 2011 Q3) With reference to the COSWP: (i) List the general considerations that must be made prior to entering an enclosed space? 1. Is the space properly ventilated? 2. Is the company approved checklist consulted? 3. Has a competent person made a risk assessment? 4. Is the permit to entry and permit to work ready? 5. Are the emergency equipment's in place? 6. Is there proper communication established? 7. Is a linkman present at the entry point; is he aware of the emergency signals? 8. Is an emergency team standby?

(c) Explain what is meant by a competent person? A competent person is a person capable of making an informed assessment of the likelihood of a dangerous atmosphere being present or arising subsequently in the space. This person should have sufficient theoretical knowledge and practical experience of the hazards that might be met in order to be able to assess whether precautions are necessary

Q4) (d) (i) State how expired pyrotechnics may be disposed? 1. Handed over to pyrotechnic suppliers, or their agent(s) 2. Ask a life raft service station. 3. Ask the port, harbour or marina where your vessel is berth.

(ii) State how expired pyrotechnics may NOT be disposed? 1. Expired pyrotechnics may not be dumped at sea. 2. Expired pyrotechnics may not be used unnecessarily at sea.

Q5 (c) Explain what is meant by non-conformity, state one example? Non-conformity means an observed situation where objective evidence indicates the non-fulfillment of a specified requirement of the ISM Code. Example: Garbage Record Book not filled and signed.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B

MARCH 2011 Q3 (a) Outline the duties of the OOW with respect to safety during cargo operations on a RO-RO passenger ferry? 1. Ensure safe movement of traffic and speed limits observed 2. Proper ventilation to be in place 3. All vehicles to be lit when moving aboard vessel 4. Vehicle deck to be properly illuminated 5. All crew and shore personnel to be in proper PPE 6. Safety rails and chains to be In place 7. Load in a manner to keep the ship upright 8. No smoking regulations to be enforced 9. Heaving vehicles and freight to be adequately chained 10. Cars to be in gear and hand brake firmly on (*Diesel engines should not be in gear) 11. Vehicle ramp to be constantly monitored, Prevent stress on ram 12. Vehicles to be stowed as per the cargo securing manual and lashed with proper lashing equipment's after checking their maximum securing limit 13. Make sure ramp wire having enough slack 14. If hydraulic system is used to open the ramp, bypass should be used to depressurize ramp 15. Moorings to be adjusted as necessary 16. Ensure fire curtains and safety zones to be kept clear of vehicles 17. Ensure access for drivers and passengers to be kept clear 18. Ensure cargo stored on weather deck is not leaking 19. Ensure any hazardous cargo stored on weather deck is not leaking

(b) State the MCA code that should be consulted for advice on the securing RO-RO cargo? MCA approved code for roll on roll off ships stowage and securing of vehicles

(C) Explain the requirement for the carriage of current M notices on board a UK ship? There are no statutory requirements to carry all M-notices but those MGN, MSN and MIN, which are relevant to current voyage of ships and operations, are needed to be carried. This means for example the merchant ships need not carry M-Notices with only suffix (F), which are intended for the fishing industry.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B Q4) Produce a table or chart for display on board, showing the permitted and/ or prohibited discharge at sea of different categories of garbage regulated by MARPOL 73/78 Annex V, as amended?

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B JUNE 2011 Q3 (a) A general cargo vessel is in port and is to load a general cargo, which includes palletized units, drums, timber, and bagged cargo With reference to cargo operations, list each of the following: (i) Duties of the OOW prior to loading? 1. A proper risk assessment and a safe job analysis must be carried out prior to the loading operation. 2. Crew must be briefed about the cargo plan. 3. The hatch covers to be opened and ensure the access is clear while loading 4. Dismantle permanent dunna 5. ge like spar ceiling (if any) 6. Ensure the hold is thoroughly swept and there isn’t any residues 7. Ensure the bilge suction pipe (strum) is properly covered 8. Place the shifting boards and longitudinal or transverse divisions to avoid a cargo shift 9. Ensure the fi-fi equipment's are properly working and warning signs are posted so that the fi-fi equipment's are easily located. 10. Ensure the venting arrangements are checked 11. Ensure there is adequate lighting and safe access for entry and if cargo needs temperature monitoring then tubes for inserting thermometers to be rigged.

(ii) Duties of the OOW during loading? 1. The OOW to ensure that crew are in proper PPE 2. The OOW to ensure that vessel is securely moored 3. Check the draft marks at regular intervals of time 4. Ensure no smoking regulation imposed 5. Enure that proper ISPS watch at the gangway is being maintained 6. Ensure cargo is being loaded as per the cargo plan and have a look on the key/ colour codes of the discharge port 7. Ensure that the cargo is being properly lashed as per the cargo securing manual 8. As timber is being loaded the OOW to be ensure that this is evenly distributed to avoid localized stress and this is properly lashed for all weather condition 9. OOW to ensure that the cargo should not restrict access to the life bouys fire fighting equipment's and the pilot boarding area on deck. 10. Proper deck rounds to be taken to watch for pilferage.

(b) List the basic information that should be detailed on the cargo damage report? 1. Reason of damage 2. Damaged cargo category

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Quantity damaged Quantity retained after damage Signature of the person making the report Signature of witnesses Ships name, shipper and consignee

Q4) A container is in port for loading operations. The cargo to be loaded includes a number of containers with packaged dangerous goods? (a) State which publications and documents must be consulted when deciding on the stowage location securing of dangerous goods? 1. IMDG code – International Maritime Dangerous Goods 2. MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) 3. Shippers Declaration 4. A Guide to The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) 5. BC code of safe practice for solid bulk cargo 6. IBC – International Bulk Chemical code 7. TSG – Tanker Safety Guide 8. ISGOTT – International Safety Guide For Tankers & Terminals 9. INF code - International Code for the Safe Carriage of Packaged Irradiated Nuclear Fuel (b) Explain what the OOW must ensure when the containers with dangerous goods are being loaded? 1. The OOW must ensure a proper risk assessment and safe job analysis is done 2. The crew are well briefed on the loading plan 3. The OOW to ensure that the containers are loaded as per the cargo plan 4. The OOW must ensure that the placards on the containers are visible 5. The OOW must ensure that any leaking container is not loaded 6. The OOW to ensure no dangerous goods container in loaded too close to the accommodation 7. The OOW to ensure that 2 identical dangerous goods containers isn’t stowed next to each other to avoid interaction 8. The OOW to ensure the containers are properly sealed. 9. The OOW must ensure no smoking regulation is imposed at all times 10. The OOW must ensure no naked flames are allowed on deck. 11. The OOW must ensure that fi-fi equipment's are rigged and ready to use. 12. The OOW must ensure that vessel is securely moored and proper deck rounds are taken at regular intervals of time. (c) Describe what the OOW must ensure with respect to the dangerous goods paperwork after loading operations are completed? 1. IMDG declaration 2. DOC 3. Stowage plan 4. Cargo Statements

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B

Q5) A ship of more than 400 GT is to discharge machinery space bilge water inside a special area. With reference to MARPOL 73/78 annex I: (a) List the discharge criteria that must be complied with; Any discharge of oil or oily mixture is prohibited except when; 1. The vessel is en route and more than 12 Nm away from the nearest land. 2. The oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 ppm 3. The oily mixture is processed through an oil filtering equipment meeting the requirements of regulation 14.7 of this Annex (Oil content of the effluent does not exceed 15 ppm, alarm arrangement and automatic 15 ppm stopping device are in place) 4. The oily mixture is not mixed with cargo pump room bilges or, in case of oil tankers, with oil cargo residues.

(b) State the document in which this discharge should be recorded? Oil Record Book Part I

(c) List the operations that must be recorded in this particular document Part – 1 Machinery space operation – all ships 1. Ballasting or cleaning of oil/fuel tank. 2. Discharged of dirty ballast or cleaning water from fuel oil tanks 3. Collection and disposal of oil residues (sludge and other oil residues) 4. Discharge overboard or disposal otherwise of bilge water which has accumulated in machinery spaces. 5. Bunkering of fuel oil or bulk lubrication oil. 6. Internal transfer of bunkers 7. Status of the ODMCS – oily discharge monitoring and control system. 8. Accidental or other exceptional discharge. 9. Additional operational procedure or general remarks.

(d) State who should sign the entries and who should sign the pages of this document? Engineer in charge for the operation will sign for the operation, followed by chief engineer countersigning it. And then the Master will sign all the pages.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B July 2011 Q3 (a) Outline the procedures and precautions that must be taken when a ship is to load a heavy lift? “Refer November 2008 Q3”

(b) State the document that must be checked to endure that the lifting gear has been adequately maintained and inspected? We need to check the valid certificates and these certificates can be located in the Ships register of chains and machinery.

Q4 (b) With reference to COSWP: (i) Describe what a “dangerous space” is? A dangerous space is defined in the regulations as “any enclosed or confined space in which it is foreseeable that the atmosphere may at some stage contain toxic or flammable gases or vapours, or be deficient in oxygen, to the extent that it may endanger the life or health of any person entering that space.”

(ii) List the precautions that should be taken before a potentially dangerous space is entered? 1. A competent person should make an assessment of the space and a responsible officer to take charge of the operation should be appointed. 2. The potential hazards should be identified. 3. The space should be prepared and secured for entry 4. The atmosphere of the space should be tested 5. A “permit-to-work” system should be used. 6. All the safety equipment’s must be kept standby. 7. Entry should be made only with proper PPE. (c) Explain what a “Risk Assessment” is? A “risk assessment” is intended to be a careful examinati on of what, in the nature of operations, could cause harm, so that decisions can be made as to whether enough precautions have been taken or whether more should be done to prevent harm. The aim is to minimize accidents and ill health on board ship.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B Q5 (a) List the conditions that must be complied with for the discharge of oil and oily mixtures from the cargo area of an oil tanker at sea?

(ii) State the document in which this discharge must be recorded? OIL RECORD BOOK – PART II

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B (iii) List any five operations that would be recorded in this document? 1. Loading of oil cargo/ Unloading of oil cargo 2. Internal transfer of oil cargo during the voyage 3. Cleaning of cargo tank including crude oil washing. 4. Closing of all applicable valve or similar device after slope tank discharge operation 5. Closing of valves necessary for isolation of dedicated clean ballast tanks from cargo and stripping lines after slop tank discharge operations 6. Discharge of ballast except from segregated ballast tank 7. Discharge of water from slope tank 8. Disposal of residue

(b) State the criteria that must be complied with for discharge under Annex IV of Marpol 73/78? Discharge of sewage Subject to the provisions of regulation 9 of this Annex, the discharge of sewage into the sea is prohibited, except when: 1. The ship is discharging comminuted and disinfected sewage using a system approved by the Administration in accordance with regulation at a distance of more than 4 nautical miles from the nearest land 2. The Sewage which is not comminuted or disinfected at a distance of more than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land, provided that in any case, the sewage that has been stored in holding tanks shall not be discharged instantaneously but at a moderate rate when the ship is en route and proceeding at not less than 4 knots; the rate of discharge shall be approved by the Administration based upon standards developed by the Organization; or 3. The effluent shall not produce visible floating solids in, nor cause discoloration of, the surrounding water 4. When the sewage is mixed with wastes or wastewater having different discharge requirements, the more stringent requirements shall apply.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B OCT 2011 Q3) A dry bulk carrier (LBP greater than 150m) is in port loading full cargo (a) With reference to a ship- shore safety checklist for loading and unloading of dry bulk carriers, list ten items that must be checked prior to commencing cargo operations? 1. Is the depth of water at the berth, and the air draught, adequate for the cargo operations to be completed? 2. Are mooring arrangements adequate for all local effects of tide, current, weather, traffic and craft alongside? 3. In emergency, is the ship able to leave the berth at any time? 4. Is there safe access between the ship and the wharf? 5. Is the agreed ship/terminal communications system operative? 6. Are the liaison contact persons during operations positively identified? 7. Are adequate crew on board, and adequate staff in the terminal, for emergency? 8. Have any bunkering operations been advised and agreed? 9. Have any intended repairs to wharf or ship whilst alongside been advised and agreed? 10. Has a procedure for reporting and recording damage from cargo operations been agreed? 11. Has the ship been provided with copies of port and terminal regulations, including safety and pollution requirements and details of emergency services? 12. Has the shipper provided the master with the properties of the cargo in accordance with the requirements of chapter VI of SOLAS? 13. Is the atmosphere safe in holds and enclosed spaces to which access may be required, have fumigated cargoes been identified, and has the need for monitoring of atmosphere been agreed by ship and terminal? 14. Have the cargo handling capacity and any limits of travel for each loader/unloader been passed to the ship/terminal? 15. Has a cargo loading or unloading plan been calculated for all stages of loading/deballasting or unloading/ballasting? 16. Have the holds to be worked been clearly identified in the loading or unloading plan, showing the sequence of work, and the grade and tonnage of cargo to be transferred each time the hold is worked? 17. Has the need for trimming of cargo in the holds been discussed, and have the method and extent been agreed? 18. Do both ship and terminal understand and accept that if the ballast programme becomes out of step with the cargo operation, it will be necessary to suspend cargo operation until the ballast operation has caught up? 19. Have the intended procedures for removing cargo residues lodged in the holds while unloading, been explained to the ship and accepted? 20. Have the procedures to adjust the final trim of the loading ship been decided and agreed? 21. Has the terminal been advised of the time required for the ship to prepare for sea, on completion of cargo work?

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B Q4) With reference to the COSWP describe the requirements for safe access that must be complied with where pilot is to board from a boat and the freeboard exceeds 9 meters? 1. When freeboard is more than 9metres then pilot ladder combined with the accommodation ladder is used 2. Where the angle of slope of this accommodation ladder must not exceed 55 degrees 3. It must rest firmly on the ship side 4. Accommodation ladder must lead aft 5. The lower platform of the accommodation ladder must be horizontal 6. This lower platform must be 3-7 metres above the water level depending on the swell and height of the pilot launch 7. Rigid handrails must be rigged 8. Pilot ladder must exceed 2 metres above the lower platform 9. Pilot ladder must also rest firmly on the ship side 10. An officer must be standby at the boarding area, who would be in contact with the bridge at all times 11. The pilot boarding area must be clear of obstructions 12. The deck and pilot boarding area must be well illuminated 13. The pilot ladder must in good condition and associated equipment’s must be safe to use 14. Rigging of the combination ladder must be well supervised 15. Personnel engaged in rigging or operating the accommodation ladder should be fully instructed in the safe procedures to be adopted and that the equipment is to be tested prior to each use. 16. Pilot ladders should be rigged in such a manner that the steps are horizontal 17. A life-buoy with self-igniting light should be kept available at the point of access to the ship.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B Q5 With reference to MARPOL 73/78 Annex II: (a) List the operational discharge standards for vessels carrying noxious liquids substances of categories X, Y and Z when the vessel is at sea?

(b) State which record book is required is required to be kept by a vessel carrying noxious liquid substances in bulk? Cargo Record Book

(c) List five operations that must be recorded in the cargo record book? 1. Loading of cargo. 2. Internal transfer of cargo. 3. Unloading of cargo. 4. Mandatory prewash in accordance with the ship’s procedures and arrangements manual. 5. Cleaning of cargo tanks except mandatory prewash (other prewash operations, final wash, ventilation, etc.) 6. Discharge into the sea of tank washings. 7. Ballasting of cargo tanks. 8. Discharge of ballast water from cargo tanks. 9. Accidental or other exceptional discharge. 10. Additional operational procedures and remarks.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B DEC 2011 Q3) A product tanker with an Inert Gas System is preparing for loading: (a) With reference to the ship-shore safety check list, list fifteen of the physical checks that must be made prior to commencement of cargo operations? 1. IGS pressure and oxygen contents measuring equipment are in good working order 2. All cargo tank atmospheres are at positive pressure with oxygen content of 8% or less by volume. 3. All inerted tanks are marked or labeled with a warning sign. 4. All tanks IG lines valves in right position and locked 5. All valves are checked and in the right position. 6. The tanker's cargo hoses and/or the terminal arms or hoses, pipelines and manifolds are in good condition, properly rigged and appropriate for the service intended. 7. Scuppers and save-alls on board are effectively plugged and drip trays are in position and empty. 8. Adequate lighting is ensured at the cargo transfer area and emergency escape route. 9. The loading arms are free to move in all directions and/or the hoses have enough room for easy movement. 10. There is safe access between the tanker and shore 11. The fendering arrangements are assessed as being satisfactory. The fender pennants are in order. 12. The tanker is securely moored, considering the conditions locally 13. The terminal's unused cargo, bunker and vapour return connections are properly secured. All connected flanges are fitted with the appropriate gaskets. 14. All sighting, ullaging and sampling ports of the cargo, ballast or bunker tanks have been closed or protected by flame arrestors in good condition, if required. 15. Sea and overboard discharge valves, when not in use, are closed and visibly secured. The removable parts between ballast and overboard discharge lines and cargo lines are removed.

(b) If the vessel was moored to a Single Point Mooring (SPM), state the checks the OOW should make in addition to the standard routine deck duties during cargo watch? 1. Check the position of the SPM with respect to the vessel 2. Ensure there isn’t much weight on the chain of the SPM 3. Ensure that the loading hose coming from the SPM isn’t rubbing with the ship side 4. There should a person standby at the forward of the vessel monitoring all of the above through out the loading/unloading process. 5. If a tug standing by to hold the vessel then ensure the SWL of the bit is not exceeded in the pulling process 6. Ensure the SPM chain isn’t chaffing the panama lead of the vessel, apply grease if needed.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B Q4) A general cargo ship is loading pallets of drums using the ships own cranes. The drums contain liquid classified as “ Dangerous Goods” and “Marine Pollutants” During the loading ship crane fails causing a pallet of drums to be dropped on the tank top where some of the liquid subsequently spills (a) List the immediate action that the OOW should take 1. The OOW should immediately stop the loading 2. Raise emergency alarm and muster crew 3. Isolate the area and place warning sign 4. Inform the master and shore facilities 5. Inform shipper 6. Carry out a dynamic risk assessment and a safe job analysis 7. Get fire fighting equipment's standby 8. Get medical team standby with eye wash and shower facilities near the area 9. Ensure there is enough ventilation in the work area and strictly enforce no smoking regulation 10. Remove other ignition sources that could cause fires in the area 11. Keep spilled materials out of drains and water supplies 12. Clean up small spills with the absorbents listed on the MSDS 13. Make a cargo damage report (b) State the publications that should be consulted for advice on how to deal with this emergency? 1. IMDG code 2. MSDS 3. MFAG 4. ERG (Emergency Response Guide) for 5. EMS

(c) With reference to the damaged cargo state the report that should subsequently be made? “Cargo damage report” should be made by the OOW that should include; 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Reason of damage Damaged cargo category Quantity damaged Quantity retained after damage Signature of the person making the report Signature of witnesses Ships name, shipper and consignee

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B Q5 With reference to MGN 298 – Measures to counter piracy, armed robbery and other acts of violence against merchant shipping: (a) Out line the general precautions that should be observed when entering an area of risk? 1. Lay down proper procedures as per ship security plan. 2. Ensure vessels PA system, alarm system and personnel radio system are working perfectly 3. Make sure everyone onboard is properly familiarized with the communicating language and the code words, which would be used in case of an attack 4. Access points to the ship and any secure restricted or controlled areas must be controlled through monitoring and patrolling in port and at anchor, and as far as practicable when the ship is sailing. 5. Seal off means of access to the ship 6. Maintain a 24 visual and security watch. 7. Strengthen night watches 8. Provide adequate lighting on deck and on ship sides 9. Place water hoses and other equipment on ship side which would restrict the pirates from the boarding the vessel 10. Establish radio contacts with coastguard in the vicinity and shore authorities.

(b) List four items that should be covered in the ships anti attack plan? 1. The need for enhanced watch keeping, and the use of lighting and surveillance, detection or perimeter protection equipment 2. Crew responses if a potential attack is detected or an attack is underway 3. The radio and alarm procedures to be followed 4. The reports that should be made after an attack, or an attempted attack 5. Training to ensure crew react consistently to an incident.

(c) State the actions to be taken by the crew in the event that pirates gain access to the accommodation? Once attackers have boarded, the actions of the Master and crew should be aimed at: 1. Securing the greatest level of safety for those on board the ship 2. Seeking to ensure that the crew remain in control of the navigation of the ship 3. Securing the earliest possible departure of the attackers from the ship.

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B FEB 2012 Q3) With reference to a RO –RO vessel: (a) State the information that should appear on the vessel cargo-loading plan? 1. Ships Name and Master name 2. Port of loading and unloading 3. Sections of the ship 4. Spaces reserved for various types of cargo 5. Details of cargo separations 6. Voyage Number 7. Statement of deadweight, fuel, stores, water etc. 8. Chief Officers Signature

(b) Explain the checks that should be made on the cargo before it is loaded? 1. Check the physical condition of the cargo, state of repair should be good 2. If dangerous goods, then ensure dangerous goods declaration received 3. Ensure the parking brakes of each vehicle is working adequately 4. Check whether the unit of the cargo can be properly stowed in accordance with the cargo securing manual 5. Check for any source of danger associated from the cargo.

(c) List the deck pre sailing checks the OOW should make prior to sailing? 1. The OOW must check that all vehicles, trailers and cars are secured in accordance with the cargo securing manual 2. Check that the vessel has adequate stability (using dedicated computer) 3. Checks the drafts fore and aft 4. Check that all drivers and passengers have vacated vehicle decks 5. Check that all handing decks and ramps are properly stowed and secured 6. Check that bow and stern doors are correctly secured and that indicator lights on bridge are working and indicate all doors to be secure 7. Check that all shell openings in vehicle decks are secure 8. Check that passenger gangway has been removed and door is secure 9. Check that the shore has a copy of dangerous goods stowage plan and also a copy of the passenger and crew in numbers onboard 10. Check the status of the CCTV (if fitted)

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B

Q5 With reference to Marpol 73/78 Annex VI: (a) List the emissions that are regulated by the revised convention? 1. Sulphur oxide (SOx) 2. Nitrogen oxide ( NOx) 3. Ozone depleting substance’s like CFC (chlorofluorocarbons) & 4. Halon

(b) Explain the term emission control area? Emission control area is an area where special mandatory measures are required to control NOx (nitrogen oxide), or SOx (sulphur oxide) and particulate matter (PM), or all three types of emissions from ships.

(c) State which Emission control area (ECA) has been adopted under the revised convention? 1. Baltic Sea (SOx) 2. Nitrogen Sea (SOx) 3. North American (SOx, NOx & PM) 4. United States Caribbean Sea ECA (SOx, NOx & PM)

(d) List three substances that may not be incinerated on board ship? 1. Contaminated packaging materials 2. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) & 3. Ozone depleting substances

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B MARCH 2012 Q3) A vessel has just tied up alongside a lay by berth for repairs and survey work. Access to the ship will be by a gangway, which will be provided by the shore facilities. As part of the scheduled survey work, divers will be undertaking an inspection of the hull (a) State the checks that the OOW should make to ensure safe access when rigging the gangway? 1. The OOW should check the physical condition of the gangway 2. Check that the gangway is firmly rested 3. Check that the gangway is rigged with the safety net 4. Check the angle of slope is not more than 30 degrees 5. Check that the walkway is clear of any obstruction 6. Check that the surface should is clean and free of any oily stains or grease 7. Check space around the gangway is well illuminated 8. Check the gangway is provided with suitable fencing along the entire length 9. Check that proper ISPS watch is maintained at all times 10. Check that the gangway watch personnel has a fire wallet standby

(b) List the duties of the OOW with respect to the diving operations that are to take place? 1. The OOW to ensure that local diving rules and regulations are complied 2. Ensure that a proper risk assessment is carried 3. Ensure the everyone onboard is briefed about the operations 4. Inform Master, Chief engineer, crew personnel and even broadcast messages to vessels in vicinity and shore authorities 5. Ensure all necessary steps been taken to isolate securely all machinery hazardous to the divers by applying appropriate preventive measures on the bridge, in the engine room or at any other relevant locations 6. Ensure wherever possible machinery is locked off 7. Ensure proper warning signs are posted at the appropriate places 8. Ensure proper communication is established onboard and also with the diving team 9. Ensure “A-Alpha” flag is hoisted 10. Ensure the diving operation only takes place after the permit to dive has been signed by the diving team head and the Master

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B MAY 2012 Q3 A vessel has entered port and the security level has been set by the both the flag and the port states at “Level 1” (a) State the duties of the OOW with respect to security at this level? At security level 1, the OOW should establish the security measures to control access to the ship as per the SSP (Ship security plan), where the following may be applied: 1. The OOW must brief the deck watch keeper and the ship personnel about the security level or possibility of any threats 2. The OOW must ensure that proper communication is maintained with the ISPS watch keeper at all times 3. The OOW must ensure that the identity of all persons seeking to board the ship is checked and upon confirming their proper reasons the are granted access to the vessel 4. The OOW must ensure that designated secure areas are established in which searching of persons and their belongings can be carried out 5. The OOW must ensure that every person boarding the vessel after the security check is issued a visitor card 6. The OOW should ensure that the entry of this visitor is made is the proper gangway logs 7. The OOW should ensure that no personnel is left unattended on deck and the visitor is escorted on his way to the ships office 8. The OOW should identify access points that should be secured or attended to prevent unauthorized access 9. The OOW must ensure that all the stores on deck are secured and all the storerooms are locked. 10. The OOW must ensure that proper vigilant ISPS watch is maintained at all times.

(b) List the additional duties if the Security Level is raised to level 2? At security level 2, the OOW should establish the security measures to be applied to protect against a heightened risk of a security incident to ensure higher vigilance and tighter control as per the SSP, which may include: 1. The OOW must provide additional specific security briefings to all ship personnel on any identified threats, re-emphasizing the procedures for reporting suspicious persons, objects, or activities and stressing the need for increased vigilance 2. Additional specific security brief to the deck watch keeper and the ship personnel about the security level or possibility of any threats 3. The OOW must assign additional personnel to patrol deck areas and restricted areas 4. The OOW must limit the number of access points to the ship and identify those points which needs to be secured 5. If needed the OOW must get in touch with the port authorities and if possible get the boat facilities for waterside access of the ship

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mandyconquers@gmail.com Stability Section B 6. The OOW must establish restricted area on the shore side of the ship in close co operation with the port facility 7. The OOW must increase the frequency and details of searches of persons and their belongings who are embarking the vessel 8. The OOW must ensure that each and every person boarding the vessel is escorted to the ships office 9. The OOW must ensure that a full or partial search of the ship is carried out at frequent intervals of time.

(c) State the document that should be consulted for details on the procedures to be followed at the different security levels for the vessel? “Ship Security Plan”

OCT 2012 Q3 (a) Outline the duties of the OOW with respect to safety during cargo operations on a RO-RO passenger ferry? 1. The OOW must ensure cargo is stowed as per the cargo plan 2. Ensure that the ship/ shore personnel are in proper PPE 3. Ensure that all vehicles are lit when moving aboard vessel 4. Ensure safe movement of traffic and speed limits adhered 5. Ensure that the loading is in a manner that the ship is upright 6. Ensure no smoking regulation enforced 7. Ensure heavy vehicles and freight units are adequately chained 8. Ensure mooring adjusted as necessary and the vehicle ramp too 9. Ensure fire curtains and safety zones clear of vehicles 10. Ensure proper ventilation is going on through the cargo operations 11. Ensure diesel refrigeration units are switched off 12. Ensure unlashed car are stowed in the fore and aft direction 13. Ensure vessel correctly ballasted and trimmed 14. Ensure all vehicles are stowed as per the cargo securing manual and the MSL of any lashing isn’t exceeded 15. Ensure the passenger gangway is clear of obstruction 16. Ensure safety and information signage are in place and clearly visible to passengers 17. Ensure the decks are properly illuminated 18. Ensure FI-FI are standby and ready for use 19. Ensure medical first aid kit is readily available

(b) State the MCA code that should be consulted for advice on the securing of RO-RO cargo? Roll-On/Roll-Off (Ro/Ro) Ships: Stowage and Securing of Vehicles —Code of Practice

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