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# MAT 565/480 ADVANCED DIFFRENTIAL EQUATION

1

QUESTION 1 MARKS
I. a) Definition of Laplace Transform
L{ }
}

=
0
) ( ) ( dt t f e t f
st
(FORMULA)

( ) ( )
3 2
3
8
3
4
3
1

s s
s
(s-3) > 0
II. The property of Laplace transform
Hint : First shifting
( ) ( )
3 2
3
8
3
4
3
1

s s
s
(s-3) > 0

b) Hint : Second Shifting
f (t) ( )( ) ( ) t t u t t t u t 3 sin
2
5
3 sin 2 |
.
|

\
|
+ + =
t
t
9
2
2
5
2
2
1
9
2
3
2
2
1
+

+ +
+

+
(
(

s
s
se
s
s s
s
e
s
t
t

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QUESTION 2 MARKS

a) Property of inverse laplace transform
t
t
e 2 sinh
3
2
1

Convolution theorem
( )
(

2 2 cosh 2 2 sinh
4
2
1
t
e t t
t
e
b) i) Using property of inverse laplace transform
(

|
.
|

\
|
+ + 24 24 24
2
12
3
4
24
1
t
e t t t

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2

ii) Solving the equation
F(t) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 5 24
5
24 5 24
2
5 12
3
5 4
2
24
1

|
.
|

\
|
+ + =
|
.
|

\
|
t u
t
e t t t
t

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QUESTION 3 MARKS

Solve the system of differential equation by using cramers rule and find x(t )
Steps
1 In Matrix form 2 Find Determinant of the matrix
(
(
(
(
(

+
+ +
+

=
(

(
(

=
1
2
1
3
1
2
3
2
1
2
s
s s
s
s
Y
x
s
s s
s s
s
s s
D + =
(
(

=
4
2
1
2

3 Find X
( )
( )
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
=
+
+ +
+

=
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
3
1
2
3
s
s
D
s
s
s s
s
s
s
s X

4 Determine x(t)
( )
( ) 1 sin cos
sin cos
= =
=
t t t x
t t t x

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3

QUESTION 4 MARKS
a)
i) Sketch the graph
Hint:
L= (period)
Graph f(x) are even thus, 0 =
n
b

ii) dx x dx
L
x f
L
a } |
.
|

\
|
=
}
=
t
t
t
0
2 2
2
0
) (
2
0

2
3
4
t =
xdx n x dx
L
L
x n
x f
L
a
n
t
t
t
t
t
cos
0
2 2
2
0
cos ) (
2
} |
.
|

\
|
=
}
=
( )
n
n
1
2
4
=
0 =
bn

( )

=
(
(

+ =
1
cos ) 1 (
2
1
4
2
3
2
) (
n
nx
n
n
x f t
b) Find the fourier series expansion in standard form up to the 2nd harmonic.

= = 633 . 6 ) (
6
1
0
x f a , 317 . 3
2
0
0
= =
a
c ,
638 . 0 cos ) (
6
1
1
= =
r
x x f a , 458 . 0 sin ) (
6
1
1
= =
r
x x f b ,
785 . 0
2
1
2
1 1
= + = b a c ,
673 . 305 327 . 54 360 327 . 54 tan
1
1 1
1
= = = =

b
a
o

925 . 0 2 cos ) (
6
1
2
= =
r
x x f a , 014 . 0 2 sin ) (
6
1
2
= =
r
x x f b ,
925 . 0
2
2
2
2 2
= + = b a c ,
133 . 269 133 . 89 180 133 . 89 tan
2
2 1
2
= + = = =

b
a
o

........
0
133 . 269 2 sin 925 . 0
0
673 . 305 sin 7854 . 0 317 . 3 ) ( + |
.
|

\
|
+ + |
.
|

\
|
+ + = x x x f

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4

QUESTION 5 MARKS

i) Find the motion of the spring
STEP
General Solution
2
t

n
= Where n=1, 2, 3
( ) ( ) t n
b
n
t n
a
n
x n
t T x X t x
n
n u
t t
t
5 5 cos
2
sin ) ( ) ( ,
1
+ = =

=

( )
2
sin
8
2
sin ) (
2
2
0
t
t
t n
n
dx
x n
x f
L
L
n a
= =
}

Since, u
t
(x,0) = 0

0
2
sin ) (
2
= =
}

dx
x n
x g
L
L
L
n b
t

Thus,
( )
|
|
.
|

\
|
(
(

= t n
n
n
x n
t x u t
t
t
t
5 cos
2
sin
2
8
2
sin ) , (

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