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MAT 565/480 ADVANCED DIFFRENTIAL EQUATION

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SUGGESTED ANSWER SCHEME: JANUARY 2012
QUESTION 1 MARKS
I. a) Definition of Laplace Transform
L{ }
}

=
0
) ( ) ( dt t f e t f
st
(FORMULA)

( ) ( )
3 2
3
8
3
4
3
1

s s
s
(s-3) > 0
II. The property of Laplace transform
Hint : First shifting
( ) ( )
3 2
3
8
3
4
3
1

s s
s
(s-3) > 0

b) Hint : Second Shifting
f (t) ( )( ) ( ) t t u t t t u t 3 sin
2
5
3 sin 2 |
.
|

\
|
+ + =
t
t
9
2
2
5
2
2
1
9
2
3
2
2
1
+

+ +
+

+
(
(

s
s
se
s
s s
s
e
s
t
t









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QUESTION 2 MARKS

a) Property of inverse laplace transform
t
t
e 2 sinh
3
2
1

Convolution theorem
( )
(

2 2 cosh 2 2 sinh
4
2
1
t
e t t
t
e
b) i) Using property of inverse laplace transform
(

|
.
|

\
|
+ + 24 24 24
2
12
3
4
24
1
t
e t t t










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MAT 565/480 ADVANCED DIFFRENTIAL EQUATION
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ii) Solving the equation
F(t) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 5 24
5
24 5 24
2
5 12
3
5 4
2
24
1

|
.
|

\
|
+ + =
|
.
|

\
|
t u
t
e t t t
t





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QUESTION 3 MARKS

Solve the system of differential equation by using cramers rule and find x(t )
Steps
1 In Matrix form 2 Find Determinant of the matrix
(
(
(
(
(

+
+ +
+

=
(

(
(

=
1
2
1
3
1
2
3
2
1
2
s
s s
s
s
Y
x
s
s s
s s
s
s s
D + =
(
(

=
4
2
1
2

3 Find X
( )
( )
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
=
+
+ +
+

=
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
3
1
2
3
s
s
D
s
s
s s
s
s
s
s X

4 Determine x(t)
( )
( ) 1 sin cos
sin cos
= =
=
t t t x
t t t x
























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MAT 565/480 ADVANCED DIFFRENTIAL EQUATION
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QUESTION 4 MARKS
a)
i) Sketch the graph
Hint:
L= (period)
Graph f(x) are even thus, 0 =
n
b



ii) dx x dx
L
x f
L
a } |
.
|

\
|
=
}
=
t
t
t
0
2 2
2
0
) (
2
0


2
3
4
t =
xdx n x dx
L
L
x n
x f
L
a
n
t
t
t
t
t
cos
0
2 2
2
0
cos ) (
2
} |
.
|

\
|
=
}
=
( )
n
n
1
2
4
=
0 =
bn


( )

=
(
(

+ =
1
cos ) 1 (
2
1
4
2
3
2
) (
n
nx
n
n
x f t
b) Find the fourier series expansion in standard form up to the 2nd harmonic.

= = 633 . 6 ) (
6
1
0
x f a , 317 . 3
2
0
0
= =
a
c ,
638 . 0 cos ) (
6
1
1
= =
r
x x f a , 458 . 0 sin ) (
6
1
1
= =
r
x x f b ,
785 . 0
2
1
2
1 1
= + = b a c ,
673 . 305 327 . 54 360 327 . 54 tan
1
1 1
1
= = = =

b
a
o

925 . 0 2 cos ) (
6
1
2
= =
r
x x f a , 014 . 0 2 sin ) (
6
1
2
= =
r
x x f b ,
925 . 0
2
2
2
2 2
= + = b a c ,
133 . 269 133 . 89 180 133 . 89 tan
2
2 1
2
= + = = =

b
a
o

........
0
133 . 269 2 sin 925 . 0
0
673 . 305 sin 7854 . 0 317 . 3 ) ( + |
.
|

\
|
+ + |
.
|

\
|
+ + = x x x f























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MAT 565/480 ADVANCED DIFFRENTIAL EQUATION
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QUESTION 5 MARKS

i) Find the motion of the spring
STEP
General Solution
2
t

n
= Where n=1, 2, 3
( ) ( ) t n
b
n
t n
a
n
x n
t T x X t x
n
n u
t t
t
5 5 cos
2
sin ) ( ) ( ,
1
+ = =

=

( )
2
sin
8
2
sin ) (
2
2
0
t
t
t n
n
dx
x n
x f
L
L
n a
= =
}

Since, u
t
(x,0) = 0

0
2
sin ) (
2
= =
}

dx
x n
x g
L
L
L
n b
t


Thus,
( )
|
|
.
|

\
|
(
(

= t n
n
n
x n
t x u t
t
t
t
5 cos
2
sin
2
8
2
sin ) , (
















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NOTES: Please refer to your lecturers, if there are any uncertainties regarding the answer given.
This not the real answer scheme provided by UiTM. It is prepared through calculation and
common answer among the students that had done the papers.
Prepared by: M.FAKHRUR RAZI MUJAH (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering)