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MAT 565/480 ADVANCED DIFFRENTIAL EQUATION

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SUGGESTED ANSWER SCHEME: APRIL 2011
QUESTION 1 MARKS
a) Definition of Laplace Transform
|
.
|

\
|
+ + +


2 2
2 4
1 2
2
2
2
3
2
3
s s se s s
e
s
s



b) Laplace transform of the equation

( )
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
+ +
+
+
=

s s
e
s s
s
s
s
2 2
25 6
4
16
8
2 2 2
2





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QUESTION 2 MARKS

a) Properties of inverse laplace transform
t t t 3 sin
27
1
3 cos
9
1
+

b) Convolution method
(

+ t t
t
2 cos
4
2 sin 2
2
3






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MAT 565/480 ADVANCED DIFFRENTIAL EQUATION
2

QUESTION 3 MARKS

Solve the system of differential equations
STEPS


( )
( )( )
( )
( )
( ) 55 2
55
) (
55 2
110
) 2
55 2 5
15 20
10 25 5
) 1
2
1
+
= =
+
= =
+ + =
+
+ +
=
s s D
D
t y
s s D
D
t x
s s
s
s
D

3) Apply partial fraction


( )
55
2
,
55
1
55 2 55 2
1
= =
+
+ =
+
B A
s
B
s
A
s s


t
t
e t y
e t x
2
55
2
55
1 ) (
2 2 ) ( ) 4

=
=






















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QUESTION 4 MARKS

i) Sketch the graph
Hint:
L= (period)
Graph f(t) are even thus, 0 =
n
b

ii)
t
4
) (
2
0
0
= =
}
dt t f
L
L
a

( )
| | 1 cos
1
2
1
cos
1
cos
1
1
1
1 1
cos ) (
2
2
0
+

=
(

+
+
+

+
+
= =
}
t
t
t t
t
t
n
n n
n
n
n
n n
dt
L
x n
t f
L
L
n a

0 =
bn


( )
| |

=
(

+ =
1
2
) (cos 1 cos
1
2 2
) (
n
nt n
n
t f t
t t


Sub n=2 and 4 (PROVED)

















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MAT 565/480 ADVANCED DIFFRENTIAL EQUATION
3


QUESTION 5 MARKS

i) Find the motion of the vibrating spring
HINT
General Solution
4
t

n
= Where n=1, 2, 3
( )
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ = =

=
t
n
t
n x n
t T x X t x
b a u n n
n
n
4
2
sin
4
2
cos
4
sin ) ( ) ( ,
1
t t t

( ) 2
sin
16
4
sin ) (
4
2
2
4
0
t
t
t n
n
dx
x n
x f
an
= =
}

0
4
sin ) (
4
2
4
0
= =
}
dx
x n
x g
bn
t

Thus,
( )
|
|
.
|

\
|
(

t
n n
n
x n
4
2
cos
2
sin
16
4
sin
2
t t
t
t

















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NOTES: Please refer to your lecturers, if there are any uncertainties regarding the answer given.
This not the real answer scheme provided by UiTM. It is prepared through calculation and
common answer among the students that had done these papers.
Prepared by: M.FAKHRUR RAZI MUJAH (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering)