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# MAT 565/480 ADVANCED DIFFRENTIAL EQUATION

1

QUESTION 1 MARKS
a) Definition of Laplace Transform
|
.
|

\
|
+ + +

2 2
2 4
1 2
2
2
2
3
2
3
s s se s s
e
s
s

b) Laplace transform of the equation

( )
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
+ +
+
+
=

s s
e
s s
s
s
s
2 2
25 6
4
16
8
2 2 2
2

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QUESTION 2 MARKS

a) Properties of inverse laplace transform
t t t 3 sin
27
1
3 cos
9
1
+

b) Convolution method
(

+ t t
t
2 cos
4
2 sin 2
2
3

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2

QUESTION 3 MARKS

Solve the system of differential equations
STEPS

( )
( )( )
( )
( )
( ) 55 2
55
) (
55 2
110
) 2
55 2 5
15 20
10 25 5
) 1
2
1
+
= =
+
= =
+ + =
+
+ +
=
s s D
D
t y
s s D
D
t x
s s
s
s
D

3) Apply partial fraction

( )
55
2
,
55
1
55 2 55 2
1
= =
+
+ =
+
B A
s
B
s
A
s s

t
t
e t y
e t x
2
55
2
55
1 ) (
2 2 ) ( ) 4

=
=

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QUESTION 4 MARKS

i) Sketch the graph
Hint:
L= (period)
Graph f(t) are even thus, 0 =
n
b

ii)
t
4
) (
2
0
0
= =
}
dt t f
L
L
a

( )
| | 1 cos
1
2
1
cos
1
cos
1
1
1
1 1
cos ) (
2
2
0
+

=
(

+
+
+

+
+
= =
}
t
t
t t
t
t
n
n n
n
n
n
n n
dt
L
x n
t f
L
L
n a

0 =
bn

( )
| |

=
(

+ =
1
2
) (cos 1 cos
1
2 2
) (
n
nt n
n
t f t
t t

Sub n=2 and 4 (PROVED)

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3

QUESTION 5 MARKS

i) Find the motion of the vibrating spring
HINT
General Solution
4
t

n
= Where n=1, 2, 3
( )
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ = =

=
t
n
t
n x n
t T x X t x
b a u n n
n
n
4
2
sin
4
2
cos
4
sin ) ( ) ( ,
1
t t t

( ) 2
sin
16
4
sin ) (
4
2
2
4
0
t
t
t n
n
dx
x n
x f
an
= =
}

0
4
sin ) (
4
2
4
0
= =
}
dx
x n
x g
bn
t

Thus,
( )
|
|
.
|

\
|
(

t
n n
n
x n
4
2
cos
2
sin
16
4
sin
2
t t
t
t

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