THE EXTENT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000 IN THE DISTRICT OF LAPAZ, ILOILO CITY

A Special Paper Presented to The Faculty of the College of Agriculture Central Philippine University Iloilo City

In partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Science in Environmental Management

By Ma. Aiza Joy F. Clarito November 2006

A SPECIAL PAPER THE EXTENT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000 IN THE DISTRICT OF LAPAZ ILOILO CITY

Presented by Ma. AIZA JOY F. CLARITO In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

Approved:

ARIES RODA D. ROMALLOSA Adviser

___________________________ Date Noted:

HOPE G. PATRICIO Student Research Coordinator

REYNALDO N. DUSARAN, D.R Dev. Dean

________________________ Date

________________________ Date

ACKNOWLEDGMENT The researcher would like to extend her heartfelt gratitude and appreciation to all those who have, in one way or another helped in the completion of this project report. Sincere thanks are expressed to the following: To Engr. Aries Roda D. Romallosa, her Adviser, for the encouragement and motivation, as well as her invaluable assistance all throughout the conduct of this study; To Prof. Hope G. Patricio, Student Research Coordinator, for her suggestions for the improvement of the study, as well as her patience in correcting the manuscript; To Dean Reynaldo N. Dusaran of the College of Agriculture, for the inspiration and support; To her classmates, Kathleen, Mitch, Rose and Roy, for their gift of friendship and for the constructive criticisms they made for the improvement of the study; To her parents, brothers and special someone, for their unconditional love and support and for the sacrifices they have made for her education. Special thanks is extended to Mama Jane Tan without whom this study would not have been accomplished and to her children, especially Nanay Tintin, for welcoming the researcher into their home whenever she needed emotional nourishment and affirmation. Above all, to God Almighty, for the gift of life and knowledge, and for making all these happen.

........ Theoretical Framework……………………………………………............ LIST OF TABLES…………………………………………………………………................................................ Hypothesis…………………………………………………………........................ III.................................................................................................................. Respondents.. Data Gathering Instrument....................................... METHODOLOGY.................... 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 14 14 14 14 15 15 iii iv vi vii viii ........………………………………..................................TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE ACKNOWLEDGMENT…………………………………………………………… TABLE OF CONTENTS…………………………………………………………........................ Conceptual Framework…………………………………………….. REVIEW OF LITERATURE……….... Significance of the Study………………………………………………........................................... INTRODUCTION……………………………................…………………………................................ CHAPTER I............................................................... LIST OF FIGURES………………………………………………………………… ABSTRACT OF THE SPECIAL PAPER…………………………………………................................ Statement of the Problem………………..................................... Data Gathering Procedure... The Research Design............................ Definition of Terms……………………………………………………… II.. Setting of the Study.....

................................................................................ Summary...........................................................................................Statistical Treatment........................................................................ Iloilo City.............. Distribution of Barangays as to Percent Implementation of RA 9003................... Recommendations...................... 15 PAGE 16 16 16 19 19 21 21 22 22 24 APPENDIX………………………………………………………………………… 25 ............. Factors Related to the Extent of Implementation.................... Extent of Implementation of the Solid Waste Management Act.................................................................................................................... Extent of Implementation in each Barangay in Lapaz................. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION... V.......................... BIBLIOGRAPHY............... Conclusions......................... CHAPTER IV.......... SUMMARY................................................................ CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.................................................................................

............................................................................................................... Extent of Implementation.......... 20 ........v LIST OF TABLES TABLE PAGE 1............ Extent of Implementation per Barangay..... Correlation Analysis of Extent of Implementation and Factors Related to the Extent of Implementation.............................. 19 4........ Distribution of Barangays as to Percent Implementation........... 17 2.... 18 3........

.... PAGE 5 ..................................... Paradigm of the Study...LIST OF FIGURE FIGURE 1........................................

Romallosa. also having a higher extent of implementation of RA 9003. Clarito Aries Roda D. Findings revealed that extent of implementation in Lapaz.2% with the highest implementation in the aspect of regular collection of garbage in the barangay level. Barangay Secretaries and other Barangay Officials. Using the questionnaire as data gathering instrument. Iloilo City. Among the factors studied. randomly selected to compose the study. Adviser This study was conducted in order to determine the extent of implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 as well as the factors that influenced the extent of implementation in Lapaz. Iloilo City. . only the level of barangay policy support was determined to have significantly influenced the extent of implementation with barangays having higher level of policy support. Aiza Joy F. Iloilo City of RA 9003 was 70. Representatives of the barangay were the Barangay Captains.ABSTRACT OF THE SPECIAL PAPER THE EXTENT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000 IN THE DISTRICT OF LAPAZ ILOILO CITY By Ma. this descriptive-survey research study involved 23 barangays in the District of Lapaz.

at the local level. however. Republic Act (RA) 9003. People are keeping pace with modernization that the environment seems to have been sacrificed over it. At times. environmental issues has caught the attention of the global populace. In the Philippines. industrial and others. It emphasizes the importance of minimizing waste through recycling. known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 was formulated to this effect. Moreover. with today's lifestyle. it is estimated that one person can generate as much as half a kilo of waste and this does not include other sources of waste such as agricultural.CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION At present. A probable reason why environmental destruction continues is that people lack awareness on the existing solid waste management procedures. the said deficiency could probably be tied up with the socio-economic activities where the people are continually engaged in keeping pace with modernization. the Philippine government established some measures to address the proper management of solid wastes. resource recovery. reuse and composting. . rapid development and population growth have made the situation into a major problem specifically in terms of waste management. the efforts of the national government are futile. According to the Solid Waste Management Options. Today.

Iloilo City. level of organizational support. Specifically. it will be significant to the following: 1. . level of technical support. and level of barangay policy support to solid waste management. level of technical support. 2. To determine the level of awareness.2 Statement of the Problem Considering the importance of proper Solid Waste Management in the city of Iloilo. level of financial support. City government of Iloilo . it intends to answer the following objectives: 1. level of financial support. the researcher will conduct a survey to determine the extent of implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 in the District of Lapaz. Significance of the Study The conduct of this study will give more information on the extent of implementation of RA 9003 and enhance the effectiveness of its implementation particularly in Lapaz. To determine the extent of implementation of RA 9003 in Lapaz. and 3. It will help identify significant factors that affect the implementation of RA 9003 in the said district. To determine the relationship of the level of awareness. Iloilo City. level of organizational support. Iloilo City.The study will provide the local city government information on the extent of implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 in Lapaz. and level of barangay policy support to the extent of implementation of RA 9003 in the different barangays of Lapaz. Specifically. Iloilo City.

This will provide basic information and awareness to the barangays of Lapaz. Students .It will provide data as basis for non-government organizations on the implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 in the city of Iloilo. and composting. (Solid Waste Management: Options and Solutions at the Local Level 2003) The implementation of Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 is a complex and controversial issue that the local government unit will face the limited options to address its mandatory condition in the law which already identified what they have to do. reuse. . 4.3 2. Iloilo City about the implementation of Ecological Solid Waste Management Program. City Barangays . 3. resource recovery. NGO's .It will be a source of information to the public in general on the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 as well as it could be a basis or guide for future studies on the same topic. emphasizes the importance of minimizing waste by using techniques such as recycling.The study will serve as a reference to other students who want to know more about the implementation of RA 9003 in the City of Iloilo. The most comprehensive legislation is Republic Act 9003 which assigns the primary task of implementation and enforcement to local government units. Citizens of the City . 5. Theoretical Framework The Philippine government has recognized the harshness of the garbage problem and has prioritized the establishment of appropriate measures to address it.

The extent of implementing RA 9003 will depend on whether or not a certain barangay has enough financial resources to keep the program going. It will also depend on how the respondents react to technical issues surrounding them. the factors that influence the implementation will serve as the independent variable with effective implementation as the dependent variable. the level of their awareness and the existing policies currently implemented in their area. local government units still face so many factors that significantly affect the effectiveness in the implementation of this act in their respective locality and the city of Iloilo is not spared from this problem. Conceptual Framework This study is based on the concept that the extent of implementation of RA 9003 in the city of Iloilo is influenced by several factors and the extent of implementation varies among barangays in the District of Lapaz in the City of Iloilo (Figure 1).4 However. . in spite of the simplified implementing rules and regulation. In this study.

a. Paradigm of the Study Hypothesis In view of the foregoing questions. the researcher will test the following hypothesis: The following factors enumerated below are not significantly related to the implementation of Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 in the city of Iloilo. Organizational Support . Technical Support c. Barangay Policy Support d. Financial Support e. Level of Awareness b.5 Independent Variable Dependent Variable Factors Awareness Technical Support Barangay Policy Support Financial Support Organizational Support Extent of Implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 Figure 1.

agricultural waste and non-hazardous/non-toxic solid waste. Ecological Solid Waste Management Act. In this study. This refers to activities pertaining to the control. transfer.6 Definition of Terms For clarity and greater understanding of this study. . nonhazardous institutional and industrial waste. This refers to the systematic administration of activities which provide for segregation at sources. the following words and phrases have been defined: Extent of Implementation. segregated transportation. This refers to the level to which a certain program or project is implemented. this act provides for a systematic and comprehensive Ecological Solid Waste Management (ESWM) program for all sectors of society to adopt and implement. street sweepings. engineering. Solid Waste. Also known as Republic Act 9003. storage. transfer and transport solid waste in accordance with the best principles of public health. and other environmental considerations. it refers to the degree to which the barangays in Lapaz. construction debris. Iloilo City implement the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000. This refers to all discarded household and commercial waste. In this study. this refers to the management of solid waste in the District of Lapaz. processing treatment and disposal of solid waste and all other waste management activities which do not harm the environment. economics. Iloilo City. Solid Waste Management.

. storage. RA 9003 is seen to be comprehensive enough in taking action on solid wastes and to some extent special wastes as outlined in the preceding list.CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND STUDIES Readings and surveys of several studies which have relevance to this present study are presented here to provide the necessary background information and concepts for the development of this study. With these classifications. Hazardous Wastes and Infectious Wastes. source separation.IUBP9MJWfFWSM9.yahoo. comprehensive and ecological solid waste management system. usually ones produced by human activity. it would be necessary to identify: 1) solid wastes and how the law classifies these. The law.IjzKIX? qid=20060627204305AA9dnVy). does not provide exact treatment and absolute management of hazardous waste. To understand the essence of this system.com/question/index. in an effort to reduce their effect on human health or local amenity. processing. Special Wastes. Solid Waste Management is the systematic administration of activities which provide for the collection. and 2) the limitations of the law._ylt=AoCYAK. infectious wastes or waste resulting from mining. The types of wastes identified by RA 9003 are Solid Wastes. treatment. transfer. transportation. RA 9003 specifically declares in Section 2 that it is the policy of the state to adopt a systematic. however. A subfocus in recent decades has been to reduce waste materials' effect on the environment and to recover resources from them (http://answers. and disposal of solid waste.

glass. According to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) survey (2001) most people were quite manageable about simple environmental issue but less knowledgeable as the issues became more complex. The problem in solid waste and its management has become a genuine concern of the nation. paper and cardboard. fines and inert. and leather and rubber. (2003) specified that one approach in thinking how organizations can start applying sustainable development in individual decisions is to find out how much the stakeholders care about the environment. Sweden marked the beginning of the era of the environment. especially in the urban centers and urbanizing areas. . Stoner et al. In terms of greening the environment. the United Nations Environment held in Stockholm. Even as the Local Government (RA 7160) devolved the responsibility for the enforcement of environmental laws on cleanliness. The average composition of solid waste in the Philippines are the following: Yard and field waste. metals. The rapidly swelling population.. The physical and chemical composition of solid waste is very valuable in evaluating alternative components of the solid waste management system for a given community. textiles.8 Prokop (1992) reported that in 1972. food waste. plastic and petroleum products. wood. knowledge and understanding of environmental matters are usually considered to be precursors to behavioral change. Knowledge in Relation to Compliance to Proper Waste Management Awareness. Such conference aimed at making world leaders aware of environmental concerns. increasing urbanization and intensifying economic activities have all contributed to the generation of solid wastes.

development and implementation of other solid waste disposal approaches such as sanitary landfill.9 sanitation. An integrated waste management system using a combination of approaches (e. It begins by asking the question. we minimize waste and conserve our natural resources. an American environmentalist advises that we should all pay attention to these three R’s: Reducing. reuse. Luoma (2003). However. it is only logical and fair that those who generate waste should pay the cost of its management and disposal. government has adopted measures and taken steps.g. incineration and waste-toenergy disposal schemes. is a matter of personal habit and lifestyle. provision of more cost effective collection and hauling services. On the other . Everyone should practice personal waste management. solid waste management and other environmental matters to local government units. among which are the expansion of solid waste management services. source reduction. combustion. recycling. Reducing is avoiding wasteful consumption of goods. they are still hard put in coping with the problem on solid waste management. composting. Conservation like charity begins at home. Reusing and Recycling. waste-to-energy technologies. A country’s greatest resource is its people. not only is there a lack of personnel adequately trained in solid waste management and its operation. In response to this problem. in general there is a lack of appreciation among the people of the consequences of improper waste handling and disposal practices.. volume reduction. do I really need it? In so doing. Because waste generation. and land filling) may be used to handle and manage a community’s waste steam.

stored or disposed. there has been an active personal involvement in conducting research concerning the household and . so long as such reduction is consistent with the goal of minimizing present and future threats to human health and the environment. open dumping is still the most common waste disposal method as controlled dumpsites and sanitary landfills (SLFs) are very limited (National Solid Waste Management Commission).000 million tons of solid waste per year and only 12 percent of the waste is recycled and re-used. It includes any source reduction or recycling activity undertaken by a generator undertaken by a generator that results in either (1) the reduction of total volume or quantity of waste. of any wastes that are generated and subsequently treated. reusing is whenever practicable. Waste Minimization Danier (1998) described waste minimization as the reduction. The single most dominant issue for solid waste management (SWM) is the inadequacy of disposal facilities. Related Studies The Philippines generates about 10. items that are useful are reused instead of being thrown away. or (2) the reduction of toxicity or pollution load of waste. to the extent feasible. It would greatly help if we patronize goods that are reusable. A study by Sajo’s (2004) stated that the city of Iloilo is planning to borrow from the world bank to finance it’s Solid Waste Management Program. rather than throwaway types.10 hand. or both. Presently.

with very few exceptions. Knowledge on physical and chemical composition of solid waste is very valuable in evaluating alternative components of the solid waste management system for a given community. For instance. On the other hand.05 kilogram per day is generally considered an accurate estimate for solid waste generation for many rural communities in the Philippines. pollution in the Boracay’s ground water would make the residence aware of the result of improper garbage disposal. gender and age) although all the respondents (55+) did tend to perform activities to a lesser amount. and poses health risk. the higher a respondents education level. A rate of .g. According to Brubacher (2000) correspondence theory of knowledge emphasized that truth was a result of direct apprehension of naked reality. Danier (1998) found out that. When it used and put in the right place it becomes a valuable resource. causes pollution. In .11 business sectors willingness to pay for garbage management services. When waste ends up where it is not suppose to be it becomes useless. there were not may other differences among the other demographic categories (e. the more likely it was that she/he had participated in a waste and or toxic reduction activity and also had a much more “liberal” attitude about garbage reduction. particularly at the Barangay level. Since the garbage disposal situation is getting more serious in the city. this inquiry highlights the reinventing of environmental rules and responsibilities of local officials and functionaries in collaboration with the civil society organization and the general public.

solid waste has become a major problem for most medium to large size cities. Based on 2003 data from National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC).500 tons of solid waste. results of both surveys done by Gaac (2003) indicate that approximately 7075% (by volume) of household waste is biodegradable and compost of kitchen and yard waste.50% of the nationwide garbage generation.12 addition. The municipal government of Odiongan (Municipality) in the Province of Romblon is implementing an ecological solid waste management program (ESWMP). In Iloilo.000 tons collected everyday. These account for 3. Another study by Gaac (2003) with a rapidly growing population and lack of adequate disposal sites. Payatas dumpsite that is exclusively used by the Quezon City government has an average of 1. excessive open dumping of solid waste combined with the seasonal monsoon rains at the Payatas site in July 2000 caused a large scale slope failure that resulted in the deaths of hundred of scavenger. or an average of 310. According to NSWMC. collection efficiency is 73% while only 40% is achieved in rural areas. Tragically. The objectives of the ESWMP include the following. In urban areas. approximate waste is about 0. which are commissioned to accommodate wastes collected from majority of the LGUs. create and promote alternative . Manage solid waste in a manner that protects the public health and minimizes impact to the environment by using systems that are simple. Metro Manila has two controlled disposal facilities situated at Montalban and Navotas. On the other hand.245 tons of garbage per day or 14. Metro Manila generated some 5. sustainable and economically affordable.604 kilogram/capita per day.696 ton per day (DENR 2004).

According to Sharifali A. respondents basic or environmental knowledge was high. 2003). Haron’s study of September 2005. Environmental education is important to make people aware of environmental problems. compost) to the community to reduce the dependence on outside resources. As part of a community education program on solid waste management. to make them more knowledgeable about them.13 livelihoods for community residents. lower levels of education were reflected in the level of environmental knowledge. environmental education is expected to develop the knowledge.g. to provide them with skills and motivation to resolve those problems and to prevent new ones from occurring. provide beneficial resources (e. skills and attitudes of the members of the community towards proper handling of wastes (Rabago. .

Burgos-Mabini. Laguda. Caingin. Hinactacan. whereby it determined the extent of implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 in the 24 barangays of Lapaz. One barangay official failed to return the questionnaire. Magsaysay. The barangays included are Aguinaldo. Magdalo. San Nicolas and Tabuc-Suba. San Isidro. Railway. McArthur. Bantud. Iloilo City. who were directly involved in the solid waste management of their locality.CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY The Research Design This study used a descriptive survey design. Baldoza. Rizal. Gustilo. . City of Iloilo through random sampling. Luna. Divinagracia. Banuyao. Setting of the Study The study was conducted among the 24 barangays in Lapaz. Respondents The respondents of this study were the 24 barangay captains or barangay officials of the different barangays in La Paz. Lopez Jaena Sur. Ingore. Iloilo City. Nabitasa. Lopez Jaena Norte.

. Statistical Treatment Data from this study were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics to present results of the study. Inferential statistics involved the use of correlation analysis to determine the factors related to the extent of implementation. Data Gathering Procedure The researcher sought permission from the city mayor and from different barangay captains involved in the study. the responses were tallied and processed. It included questions and statements about the barangay.15 Data Gathering Instrument The data gathering instrument used was a survey questionnaire which gathered data pertinent to the study. When approved. and the extent of implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 through the different factors discussed in the study. while the inferential statistics tested the validity of the hypotheses advanced for this study. the researcher personally distributed the copies of the questionnaire to the respondents and explained the purpose of the study and procedures in answering the questionnaire. Upon completion of the survey. Descriptive Statistics involved frequency counts and relative frequencies.

22% implemented. Completing the top highest implementation was the promotion and assurance of the viability and effectivity of the implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management in the barangay.48%) was on the aspect of regular collection of garbage in the barangay level.83%). while enforcement of Ecological Solid Waste Management through ordinances to effectively implement a collection system in the barangay was 73. the establishment of a Material Recovery Facility in the barangay was 76. It is shown that the highest implementation (83.19%. Over-all mean percentage implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act in the District of Lapaz is 70. which is 72. recycling and composting programs (77. Iloilo City Based on the percentage implementation of each aspect of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act in the barangay. Extent of Implementation in each Barangay in Lapaz.04% implemented. the mean percentage implantation in each . Moreover. This was followed by the education and information campaign among the citizens about source reduction.CHAPTER IV RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Extent of Implementation of the Solid Waste Management Act Table 1 summarizes the extent of implementation of the different aspects of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000. The aspect with the least implementation was the establishment of a Multi-Purpose Environment Cooperatives and Associations in the City in which almost half only of the barangays (49%) had implemented it.09% implemented.

8.65 49. Placement of properly labeled containers for each type of waste established in strategic area of the barangay.65 67. Iloilo City was obtained.17 Table 1. 7. Caingin (86. Gustilo and San Nicolas had the highest extent of implementation with 90.0%) and Brgy. Educating and informing the citizens about the source reduction. Organization of Ecological Solid Waste Management Committee in the City.5%). Brgys. Promotion and assurance of the viability an effectivity of the implementation of Ecological Solid Waste Management in the barangay.19 barangay surveyed in Lapaz. Functionality of Ecological Solid Waste Management Committee in the City 9. Regular collection of garbage in the barangay level.48 77. 5.09 72.04 73.2%. Laguda (78. Enforcement of Ecological Solid Waste Management through ordinances to effectively implement a collection system in the barangay. 4. Hinactacan (82. As can be gleaned from Table 2. 10. Prohibition on the use of open dumps for solid waste in the barangay. Establishment of a Multi-Purpose Environment Cooperatives and Associations in the City Over-all Mean % Implementation for Lapaz District Mean Percent Implementation 83. 6.26 65. Burgos-Mabini (87.3%) and Brgy.83 76.0%). Completing the top 5 barangays in terms of extent of implementation are Brgy. . This was followed by Brgy. 2. Extent of Implementation Implementation Aspects 1. recycling and composting programs. Establishment of Material Recovery Facility in the barangay.70 67. 3.22 69.00 70.

2%).0 40.2 .0 77.3 69.2 90.5 70.50%).0 57.4 77. Table 2.1 72.0 71.2 77.0 46.0 60.3 86. Ingore (40. Brgy.0 64.7 70.0 66. These barangays were Brgy. Baldoza (46.5 82.0%) and Brgy.2 44.18 The data further show that there were three barangays whose extent of implementation has not reached 50%. Extent of Implementation Per Baranggay Baranggay Gustilo San Nicolas Burgos-Mabini Caingin Hinactacan Laguda Banuyao Nabitasan Lopez Jaena Norte Magdalo Divinagracia Rizal Railway Lopez Jaena Sur Luna Aguinaldo Tabuc-Subuc McArthur Bantud Magsaysay Baldoza San Isidro Ingore Over-all Mean Percent Implementation for Lapaz District Mean Percent Implementation 90.0 68.0 76.0 78.8 63.2 87. San Isidro (44.

Level of Awareness (r = 0. Technical Support (r = 0. Only 3 barangays or 13.009). When these factors were correlated with the extent of implementation. technical.050) and Organizational Support (r = 0. financial and organization support were thought to be related to the extent of implementation of the Ecological Waste Management Act of 2000 in the barangays in Lapaz. Iloilo.119). data in Table 3 reveal that there was an equal number of barangays who had 76 to 100% and 51 to 75% extent of implementation.00 Factors Related to the Extent of Implementation The different factors such as level of awareness. policy.04% of the sample barangays in this survey had not attained the half mark of implementation. Table 3. it was found out that only policy support was significantly related to extent of implementation (r = 0.04 43. P = 0. .026) were not significantly related to extent of implementation. Distribution of Baranggays as to % Implementation Percent Implementation 26 – 50 51 – 75 76 – 100 Total f 3 10 10 23 % 13.19 Distribution of Barangays as to Percentage Implementation of RA 9003 When the barangays were categorized as to their percent implementation of RA 9003.48 43.48 100.283). Financial Support (r = 0.531.

590 0.908 .026 Significance Level 0.119 0.20 Table 4.191 0.05 0.531** 0.009 0. Correlation Analysis of Extent of Implementation and Factors Related to the Extent of Implementation Factors Awareness Technical Support Policy Support Financial Support Organizational Support Correlation Coefficient (r) 0.821 0.283 0.

Iloilo City. also having a higher extent of implementation of RA 9003. randomly selected to compose the sample. It likewise sought to determine the factors that influenced extent of implementation in the barangay.CHAPTER V SUMMARY. Iloilo City. it was determined that the level of barangay policy support significantly influenced extent of implementation. Highest implementation was in the aspect of regular collection of garbage in the barangay level and the baranggays with the highest implementation rate were Brgys. Using the descriptive-survey research design. Representatives of the barangay were the Barangay Captains. Findings also revealed that only 3 barangays were not able to meet the median mark of implementation. Findings revealed that extent of implementation in Lapaz. with barangays having higher level of policy support. Gustilo and San Nicolas.2%. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Summary This study was conducted to determine the extent of implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 in Lapaz. Iloilo City of RA 9003 was 70. . this study surveyed 23 barangays in the District of Lapaz. Moreover there were 10 barangays who had 51 to 75% extent of implementation and another 10 barangays with 76 to 100% extent of implementation of RA 9003. Barangay Secretaries and other Barangay Officials. With regards to the factors that were significantly related to the extent of implementation.

financial and organizational support was found not to significantly influence extent of implementation. financial and organizational support are not significantly related to the extent of implementation of RA 9003. It is concluded that the level of barangay policy support was significantly related to the extent of implementation of RA 9003. It is also recommended that these results must be compared with the perceptions on the level of the barangay residents of Lapaz. Violators of these ordinances should be given appropriate sanctions. Recommendations Based on the findings and conclusions of the study.22 On the other hand. it is concluded that the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 is 70% implemented in Lapaz. Iloilo City. It is also recommended that barangays place properly labeled containers for each type of waste in strategic areas in the barangays and specific days be assigned for collection of specific wastes. level of awareness. Iloilo City. there is still a need to strengthen the implementation of RA 9003 in the District of Lapaz. technical. It is also concluded that there is still a need to strengthen the implementation of RA 9003. It is likewise concluded that the level of awareness. Iloilo City through strict compliance to ordinances on segregation. . technical. Conclusions Based on the findings of this study.

23 It is likewise recommended that this study be replicated among the different Districts in the City of Iloilo to determine the extent of compliance in the barangays of these districts of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000. .

Geotechnical practice for waste disposal.BIBLIOGRAPHY Danier. R.com/question/index.cfm. www. Boston: Environmental Protection Agency. Gaac? Internet: Retrieved June 12. 2005 from http://www. J. The environment: issues and choices for society.iges. . Solid Waste Management Association of the Philippines. Community based solid waste education. Sajo. L. Philippine Solid Waste Management. National Solid Waste Management Commission (2005).pdf. D.jp/en/phase2/ee/pdf/Philippines.IjzKIX?qid=20060627204305AA9dnVy). T. UNESCO. (2003). Mazur.globenet. Rabago. (2003).IUBP9MJWfFWSM9. Environmental education at vocational secondary schools concept. London: Name of publisher. R.swapp. I. 2006 from (http://answers. E (2005). Retrieved June 10. (1992). Luoma. Retrieved June 10. Pollution science. Prokop.org Stoner.or. Philippine solid waste management. (2003)._ylt= AoCYAK. Learning. (2004). 2005 from http://www. E.yahoo. Retrieved from Microsoft Encarta.ca/about/about_globenet. J. (1998). San Diego: Academic Press.

APPENDIX .

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