The Eden Project is a visitor attraction in Cornwall in the United Kingdom.

Inside the artificial biomes are plants that are collected from all around the world. The project is located in a reclaimed Kaolinite pit, located 1.25 mi (2 kilometres) from the town of St Blazey and 5 kilometres (3 mi) from the larger town of St Austell, Cornwall.[1] The complex is dominated by two huge enclosures consisting of adjoining domes that house thousands of plant species,[2] and each enclosure emulates a natural biome. The domes consist of hundreds of hexagonal and pentagonal, inflated, plastic cells supported by steel frames. The first dome emulates a tropical environment, and the second a Mediterranean environment.

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1 Design and construction 2 Site o 2.1 Layout o 2.2 Biomes o 2.3 The Core 3 Environmental aspects 4 History 5 In the media 6 Eden Sessions 7 Jequirity bracelet recall 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

Design and construction[edit]
The project was conceived by Tim Smit and designed by architect Nicholas Grimshaw and engineering firm Anthony Hunt and Associates (now part of Sinclair Knight Merz). Davis Langdon carried out the project management, Sir Robert McAlpine and Alfred McAlpine[3] did the construction, MERO designed and built the biomes, and Arup was the services engineer, economic consultant, environmental engineer and transportation engineer. Land Use Consultants led the masterplan and landscape design. The project took 2½ years to construct and opened to the public on 17 March 2001.

Site[edit]

rubber and giant bamboo. there is a meandering path with views of the two biomes.Panoramic view of the geodesic biome domes at the Eden Project Layout[edit] Once into the attraction. and is kept at a tropical temperature and moisture level. and sculptures that include a giant bee and towering robot created from old electrical appliances. . covers 1.9 acres) and measures 55 metres (180 ft) high. 100 metres (328 ft) wide and 200 metres (656 ft) long. It is used for tropical plants. including vegetable gardens. Biomes[edit] The Biomes and Link building showing Field of Light installation by Bruce Munro Inside the tropical Biome The hexangle structure looking from the inside At the bottom of the pit are two covered biomes: The Tropical Biome.56 hectares (3. coffee. such as fruiting banana trees. planted landscapes.

most noticeable in the form of the soaring timber roof. which are sealed around their perimeter and inflated to create a large cushion. Accordingly. incorporating classrooms and exhibition spaces designed to help communicate Eden's central message about the relationship between people and plants. which simply wash off in the rain. which is the mathematical basis for nearly all plant growth. The ETFE technology was supplied and installed by the firm Vector Foiltec. It provides the Eden Project with an education facility. Grimshaw developed the geometry of the copper-clad roof in collaboration with a sculptor. The covered biomes are constructed from a tubular steel (hex-tri-hex) with mostly hexagonal external cladding panels made from the thermoplastic ETFE. The cladding panels themselves are created from several layers of thin UV-transparent ETFE film. It houses familiar warm temperate and arid plants such as olives and grape vines and various sculptures. hemp and sunflowers.The Mediterranean Biome covers 0. The Core[edit] The Core The Core is the latest addition to the site and opened in September 2005. supplied and installed by MERO (UK) PLC.5 ft) across. with no internal supports. It is derived from phyllotaxis. who also jointly developed the overall scheme geometry with the architect. hops. lavender. 65 metres (213 ft) wide and 135 metres (443 ft) long. Glass was avoided due to its weight and potential dangers. and Mike Purvis of structural engineers SKM Anthony Hunts. The structure is completely self-supporting.6 acres) and measures 35 metres (115 ft) high. The resulting cushion acts as a thermal blanket to the structure. pine cones . Nicholas Grimshaw & Partners. The Outdoor Biome (which is not covered) represents the temperate regions of the world with plants such as tea. The ETFE material is resistant to most stains. which gives the building its distinctive shape. The entire build project was managed by McAlpine Joint Venture. If required. these can be easily fixed with ETFE tape. and takes the form of a geodesic structure. which is also responsible for ongoing maintenance of the cladding. cleaning can be performed by abseilers. The panels vary in size up to 9 metres (29. the building has taken its inspiration from plants. The steel spaceframe and cladding package (with Vector Foiltec as ETFE subcontractor) was designed. Peter Randall-Page.654 hectares (1. Although the ETFE is susceptible to punctures. the "opposing spirals" found in many plants such as the seeds in a sunflower's head. with the largest at the top of the structure.

Controversially. are all sanitized rain water that would otherwise collect at the bottom of the quarry. Environmental aspects[edit] The domes provide diverse growing conditions.[9] The initial idea for the project dates back to 1996. The only mains water used is for hand washing and for cooking.[6] History[edit] The clay pit in which the project is sited was in use for over 160 years.and pineapples.[8] By the mid-1990s the pit was all but exhausted. which would enable users to avoid metals mined unethically. The complex also uses Green Tariff Electricity — the energy comes from one of the many wind turbines in Cornwall. plants are labelled with their medicinal uses. the pit was used by the BBC as the planet surface of Magrathea in the 1981 TV series of the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. and many plants are on display. Inside the tropical Biome The Eden Project includes environmental education focusing on the interdependence of plants and people. which were among the first in Europe. The copper was obtained from traceable sources. The mechanical and electrical engineering design was by Buro Happold. enough to supply Eden and about 5000 households. with construction beginning in 1998. The services and acoustic design was carried out by Buro Happold. one of the companies the Eden Project currently partners with is the British mining company Rio Tinto Group. and may cause extensive damage to the unique biodiversity of the Malagasy flora and fauna.[4] Rio Tinto is set to begin mining in Madagascar for titanium dioxide. and parts of the pit flooded as it sits 15m below the water table.[7] In 1981.[9] . The work was hampered by torrential rain in the first few months of the project. This will involve the removal of a large section of coastal forest. The massive amounts of water required to create the humid conditions of the Tropical Biome. and to serve the toilet facilities. and the Eden Project is working with Rio Tinto to explore the possibility of encouraging further traceable supply routes for metals.[5] In December 2010 the Eden Project received permission to build a geothermal electricity plant which will generate approx 4MWe.

Die Another Day (starring Pierce Brosnan).Driftwood sculpture of a horse by Heather Jansch.[citation needed]. The first plants began arriving in September of that year. November to February. a proposed desert biome. after the Big Lottery Fund popular vote. This features an ice rink covering the lake. In December 2009. Cornish choirs regularly perform in the biomes. the Project launched "A Time of Gifts" for the winter months.[10] from the main entrance The first part of the Eden Project. with a small café/bar attached.07% of the votes. by Sue and Pete Hill. On 6 December 2007. shaped from the soil . It was also used as a filming location for the 2002 James Bond film.[11] In December 2007. the Eden Project invited people all over Cornwall to try to break the world record for the biggest ever pub quiz as part of its campaign to bring £50 million of lottery funds to Cornwall.[12] when it received just 12. the visitor centre. In 2005. It also provided some plants for the British Museum's Africa garden.[9] and the full site opened on 17 March 2001. the lowest for the four projects being considered.[13] Eden wanted the money for Edge. became available to navigate through Google Street View. The Project hosted the "Africa Calling" concert of the Live 8 concert series on 2 July 2005. as well as a Christmas market. the project failed in its bid for £50 million of funding. In the media[edit] Eve. including both greenhouses. much of the project. opened to the public in May 2000.

[17] The beads could potentially have been dangerous if ingested. Pendulum. Oasis were also set to play in the summer of 2008. Villagers. Jack Johnson. recommending that customers who had bought such bracelets over the past two years returned them. OK Go.[14] 2010 saw performances from artists including Mika. Plan B. Primal Scream.Every Thursday Between 5. the Project has hosted a series of musical performances.): Eden.d. Fleet Foxes and Brandon Flowers with support from The Horrors. Doves. OCLC 225403941 The Eden Radio Project . Artists have included Amy Winehouse. The Go! Team. 2008's summer headliners were: The Verve. Muse.30 and 7pm on Radio St Austell Bay Die Another Day: Graves' diamond mine Eden Sessions[edit] Since 2002. Frank Turner. Jequirity bracelet recall[edit] In December 2011 a recall was issued for bracelets sold at the Eden Project and other retailers across the UK that were made of the highly poisonous beans of the Abrus precatorius plant. Kaiser Chiefs and KT Tunstall. See also[edit] "The Bee"  BIOS-3 . Brian Wilson and The Magic Numbers. The concert was instead played in the summer of 2009. Lily Allen. United Kingdom: Acorn Media.    Robin Kewell (Ed. and The Bees. Noah And The Whale & The Vaccines.[15] The 2012 Eden sessions were headlined by:[16] Tim Minchin.: The Eden Project. called the Eden Sessions. The 2011 sessions were headlined by The Flaming Lips. The Eden Project offered full refunds for the bracelets. Mojave 3. (DVD) Alan Titchmarsh: The Eden Project. Mumford & Sons and Martha Wainwright. Snow Patrol. Pulp. Paolo Nutini. James Morrison. The inside story. St Austell n. Example. Chase & Status. but the concert was postponed because Noel Gallagher was unable to perform after breaking three ribs in a stage invasion incident several weeks before. 2006. Blink-182.

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