ENGINEERING DRAWING

Lab Session 1

OBJECTIVES  To learn about AutoCAD  Learn about line command  Learn about X,Y co-ordinate system

Definition of Engineering Drawing
 An engineering drawing, a type of technical drawing, is created within the technical drawing discipline, and used to fully and clearly define requirements for engineered items.  A drawing consisting of at least three views (front, top, and side) of an object.

personal computers (PCs). WHY USE AutoCAD?  Previously. enables you to create designs and generate drawings to document those designs.  A CAD software package.  CAD is a tool that can be used for design and drafting activities. such as AutoCAD. CAD software is used to design or document physical structures or objects.  Now CAD systems are available for a number of computer platforms: laptops. . CAD offers the following advantages over other methods in many cases:  1. only manual drawings were made on drawing board which was so much hectic and time wasting. workstations.  CAD can be used to create a 2D or 3D computer model of the product or system WHY WE USE CAD?  Although there are other methods used for design and drafting activities.  CAD allows you to accomplish design and drafting activities using a computer. Sharing the CAD file with other software programs. Accuracy  2. Productivity for repetitive operations  3.What is CAD  An abbreviation for computer-aided (assisted) drafting or computer-aided (assisted) design.

 All the activities of any project or assignment first design on paper. "move" or some similar editing options available with each of the packages. Use in EE  In Industries. make sure you are in the Home tab. "paste". "cut". Project sites and Offices we use drawing to implement the projects.  For example: In power transmission lines all of the data of towers and their stringing first made on drawing then it is implemented.  On the Ribbon. Easy to Modify: Modifying the CAD geometry is easy. The Line Command  The Line command is used to draw segments of straight lines. Using the Draw panel. click the Line button. and reproducing the drawing meant RECREATING the drawing from the beginning. "delete". you will always have "copy".  Easy to Reproduce: Draftsmen used to take days to complete a drawing by manual drafting.  The following prompts will appear: Specify first point: (type in the coordinate of the first point) Specify next point or [Undo]: (type in the coordinate of the second point) Specify next point or [Undo]: (type in the coordinate of the third point) . then it can be implemented.

the last point to the first point and to end the command. if you type the word “line.Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: (type in the coordinate of the fourth point)  You can use the Undo option at any time to undo the last specified point. the following will appear:  Type the X coordinates. then press [Enter] and Dynamic Input will show the length and the angle of the line to be drawn (the angle is measured from the east and incremented by 1 degree).  You can also press [Esc] to end the Line command. the Close option will be available to connect. then press the [Tab] key and you will see the following: Type the Y coordinates. hence the last specified segment.  After you draw two segments. so anything you type in the Command Window will appear on the screen beside the AutoCAD  Make sure the Dynamic Input button is turned on:  For example. the Dynamic Input is turned on.  Other ways of ending the command include pressing [Enter] or [Spacebar].” here is how it will look on the screen:  ƒ When you press [Enter]. Using Dynamic Input  By default. .

 Using the Status Bar. press the [Tab] key. we have to use tools to control its movement.  Snap is the only tool in AutoCAD that can help us control the movement of the mouse.  We do this because we cannot depend on the mouse to specify precise points. Specify the length. then type the angle and press [Enter]: Exercise 1 Precision Method 1: Snap and Grid  As you can see. Y plane was to type the coordinates using Dynamic Input. the only method we used to precisely specify points in the  X. click on the Snap Mode button. .  In order to use the mouse precisely.

 The Grid will show a grid of points on the screen similar to grid paper. which is used in drawing diagrams (these points are not real points). Now. but it is a helpful tool to use with Snap. move to the Graphical Area and watch the mouse jump to exact points.  A Grid on its own is not accurate. simply right-click one of the two buttons and the following shortcut menu will appear:  Select Settings and the following dialog box will appear: .  You can now see the points displayed on the screen.  If you think the default values for either Snap or Grid do not satisfy your needs. click on the Grid button.  On the Status Bar.

left. 180.  Move the mouse to the right.  Start the Line command.Precision Method 2: Direct Distance Entry and Ortho  Because we know that lines in AutoCAD are vectors.  Specify the first point. just type in the distance and press [Enter].  Continue with other segments using the same method. type in the distance. Notice how it only gives you orthogonal angles.  Follow these steps:  On the Status Bar.  Combining the two tools will allow us to draw lines with precise lengths and angles..  Use the desired angle. 90. click the Ortho Mode button.  Ortho is a tool that will force the cursor to always give us orthogonal angles (i. 0. and 270). we need to specify a length and an angle to successfully draw them. up. and press [Enter]. and down. Exercise 2 . if the mouse is already directed toward an angle.  Direct Distance Entry is a very handy tool in drafting.e.  You can also use Direct Distance Entry with Dynamic Input.

 Points are defined (and saved) in AutoCAD using the Cartesian coordinate system. usually called x-coordinate and y-coordinate of the point.X. . Y co-ordinate system  X-Y Coordinate system is used to determine each point in the plane through two numbers.

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