Installation Guidelines for C&I

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Installation of Thermowell
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General Guidelines on Installation of Thermowell
• Always install the thermowell where there is a fast movement of gas or liquid. (The effect of film around the TW will reduce the speed response of the system) The thermowell shall be located as close as possible to the place where the temperature is desired and when the steam and water are mixed directly, thermowell must be far enough from the point of the mixing to ensure that the temperature measurement is based on the complete mixing. If the pipe is wrapped with insulation, a thermowell with sufficient extension length shall be used. The following points shall be considered while installing the TW: a) b) c) d) • • Immersion length. Type of mounting (elbow, perpendicular or angle). Height from floor for maintenance. Clearance above the thermowell assembly for maintenance.

Typical installation of thermowell is shown in the figure. TW assembly shall ladder or scaffold. operator should be easily removable for be mounted such that it is accessible without If a Dial thermometer is to be installed, the able to see it, should be easily accessible and maintenance and calibration purpose.

All thermowells are mounted in three methods: a) b) c) Perpendicular to the pipe. In a pipe elbow. At 45 deg. angle to the pipe.

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An angle mount usually provides an additional space for the thermowell. This enlarged section and thermowell mounting will depend upon the immersion length required for the thermowell. If the OD of the pipes are between 3” to 6”. it is slightly more difficult to install the thermowell. A thermowell can break as a result of high flow velocity. Normally. of stainless 304 or 316 which is acceptable for most corrosive and high temperature and high pressure medium. Its strength – to – weight ratio gives a TW a higher natural frequency. if necessary. This is as per the recommendation given by M/s. enabling it to withstand high flow velocities and survive corrosion wear. Table – 1 shows the minimum and the maximum immersion length at a given pipe size can accommodate for each type of thermowell. the thermowells are made out of stainless steel from bar stock. USA. If the pipe is not enough to accommodate perpendicular thermowell an angle mounting can solve the problem. excessive pipe vibration or corrosion that weakens the thermowell. USA. In elbow mounting. In order to overcome the above. The perpendicular mounting will be more restrictive for a given size because the thermowell must not touch the far wall of the pipe. tapered shank cantilever type thermowells are used for most process applications because they provide more strength and resistance to vibration than straight-shaft designs. • • • • • • • • • Previous Topic Index Next Topic . MINCO PRODUCT INC. the thermowell protrudes into the exact center line of the pipe and the thermowell will be in the direction flow area of the pipe. Table – 2 shows maximum steam flow velocity for thermowells as per the recommendation of MINCO CWC PRODUCT INC. a small enlarged section can be fabricated as shown in the figure. elbow mounting is the most popular because it can accommodate almost total immersion length.Installation Guidelines for C&I Previous Topic Index Installation of Thermowell Next Topic • Of the above three methods. To mount a thermowell.

Therefore. It should be ensured that the maximum temperature of the process is below the boiling point of the liquid and the minimum temperature is above the freezing point. A low pressure infusion rate into the bulb will be negligible. To increase the responses and speed of the sensing element in a thermowell. When installing a capillary precautions to be observed: a) type thermometer. To avoid penetration of the bulb. Do not use the butting to support the instruments. such as hydrogen is used in the process. mercury or oil may be used to speed up the heat transfer. cover the thermowell to a proper depth when there is a variable level in a pipe. Never cut tubing. Aluminium powder. all the time. drill a small hole on the well to led the hydrogen escaped from the well. Do not twist kink or stress tubing. the following • • • • • • Handle the thermometer tubing and bulb with care. the unit will be protected against false sensing by placing a shield between the temperature sensing element and the wall. it may penetrate the well or the bulb or the sensor. located to thermowell so that it will all the time have a necessary amount of surface in contact with moving liquid. Uncoil the tubing carefully to kinking it. In a larger sized diameter pipe. The liquid should not react with either the bulb or the well. If high pressure gas. b) c) Previous Topic Index Next Topic . the sensing elements will be influenced by the wall temperature. it should be ensured that the sensor ends is at the bottom of thermowell. a temperature reading may be erroneous because the liquid does not.Installation Guidelines for C&I Previous Topic Index Installation of Thermowell Next Topic • When the temperature of the gas or air is quite likely to be different from that of the wall of the container. Use atleast a 3” radius for all bends. or disconnect it from the bulb or case. Do not bend it unduly.

h) • In an oven or furnace. • • • • Previous Topic Index Next Topic . Unless these are desired points. abrasion. probably the sludge on the bulb. ovens. A thermometer. TW should not be installed as indicated in general guideline on installation of temperature instruments. the film. chimneys. of air or gas act as an insulation. The TW should be located at a point of highest velocity in a liquid or gas. the remedy is to clean the bulb. if used with TW always slow down the rate response. the temperature of air vary from point to point and it is necessary to determine the desired location of this temperature and the thermowell should be kept away from heating or cooling coil. airducts. open windows or direct sunlight. If the process temperature continue to rise slow and if the instruments are in perfect condition. entrained air or gas might have formed around the thermowell. Support the tubing every 2 feet if attached to a well or pipe. The formation of any scale or counting may also increase the difference. If the thermometer response is sluggish or showing slow deviation. Tubing should never be attached to a heated pipe. Unless the situation absolutely requires. strain or movement. When the volume becomes bigger the temperature difference may also increase. etc. extreme top and bottom of oven. Do not cut off the excess tubing. Clause I & Clause II systems must be installed to avoid extremes of temperature caused by hot or cold pipes. Coil in excess tubing in an 8” to 10” coil near the instruments and tape in place.Installation Guidelines for C&I Previous Topic Index Installation of Thermowell Next Topic d) e) f) g) Protect the tubing from mechanical damage by crushing.

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