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Creating Preseparated

Spot Color PDFs


By Chakham Lev

This is required by some


printers with older equipment
For many of you, this possibility is completely outside your para-
digm. However the truth of the matter is that you will come across printers
that you want to use (usually because of lower costs) that will need you to
supply this type of artwork. Often they will have little idea how to produce
it. So, you need to know how to do it.

Yes, they can print individual


spot colors from a PDF
However, this takes Acrobat Pro Version 6 or better (I think. Maybe
version 5 can do it, but I cannot locate a copy anymore.) It also takes a
printer with computer savvy. Many of the smaller, older shops have limited
computer skills and much older hardware and software.
You may well want to use them because of their years of experience.
PLUS! They are often significantly cheaper because all of their equipment is
paid off. Many printing companies are still running older press, for example,
like a Heidelberg GTO. A press like this may have cost $100.00000 or more in
the late 1980s. Like much German engineering, this press can have a useful
life span of 40 years or more. It still probably produces better printing than
all but the most top-end digital presses. It is likely that it was paid for in
the late 1990s, so it can now be run, with minimal maintenance, until 2020
or so with no capital outlay.
Using PDFs exported from InDesign & Acrobat
Pro: For a task like this the CS2, CS3, or CS4 workflow is the
best. InDesign makes excellent PDFs. However, the assumption
is a modern up-to-date workflow with new platesetters (or imagesetters)
using the latest RIPs. In the real world, this is often not available. However,
Acrobat Pro (especially now with Acrobat 9) has turned into an excellent
tool for print production.
So the normal workflow is to design your spot color work in InDe-
sign and export the PDF. To make the separations, you need Acrobat Pro.
Reader will not do it.
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Open the PDF in Acrobat
Go to page 6 for a more simple procedure
direct from InDesign CS4
The first step, of course, is to thoroughly proof it and make sure that
everything is ready to go. You can run a preflight profile to make sure. If it
is ready, save the PDF, and choose Print from the File menu.
1. Choose Adobe PDF 9.0 from the Printer menu: As I mentioned
versions 7 & 8 work. So you may actually be choosing PDF 8.0 or
even a lower version.

2. The key options for us are under the Advanced button


outlined above: This button opens a dialog box that covers
most of the more advanced options of the the printing
dialog box for InDesign. Our problem is that InDesign can
print separations, BUT CANNOT SAVE A SEPARATED
PDF. This was a design decision made by the InDesign team
because they know that separated PDFs are not usually
required and that Acrobat can make them if necessary.

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3. Click on the advanced button: This will open this dialog box. As
you can see, in the Output page, all the colors of ink used are
listed. However, in this case, we definitely do not want to print the
cyan, magenta, yellow, or black plates. So, we click on the print

icon to the left until they look like this.

This way only the PMS268 & PMS 138 colors will print. They will
each become a separate greyscale page of the PDF.

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4. Choose the Marks page: Turn on all marks. If you are
printing this yourself, you may need to turn off the marks
depending on the sheet sizes available on your digital

printer.
5. Close the advanced dialog
6. Now chose the Printer Features page of the
print dialog box: This is the confusing part.

As soon as you choose this (the first time you choose for a given
PDF), you will be given the Save As dialog. You want this and
should choose the location and name that you want to use when
you finally print this document. That is what is going to happen
when you finally click the Print button in the original Print
dialog. But the print you make will be the new separated PDF.
7. As soon as you choose the location a resolution popup will
appear: This is the final choice of this page. You need to choose
the resolution of the final output device you are going to be using.
This is important! The resolution needs to be
that of the imagesetter, or platesetter at your
printing company: For a Quickprint operation, this will
normally be 1200 dpi. for a commercial printer, this might be 2400 dpi. You
need to ask you printer what they want. Sadly, In this case they will usually
ask for 600 dpi. That is really too low for the type you have set. I would just
make it at 1200 dpi in that case. It will make the PDF larger, but it should not
affect the output. If it does, apologize and send in the 600 dpi requested.
This is one of the sometimes painful aspects of picking a printing company
because of price.

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8. Execute the Print dialog: The separated PDF will be
produced. WARNING! Because of the high resolution
this may take quite a while. Be patient.

So how often do you need this?


Actually you might be surprised. I have found that I need it if I am
printing to a press like a Risograph or Ricoh Priport. These digital mimeo-
graph printing press are wonderful printing tools for many operations. In
fact, I have seriously thought of leasing one myself if I decide to market
myself as a print broker.
The only problem is that they are dependent upon a good
designer willing to work within the capabilities: These machines
are the only real spot color option for digital output. They print 120 a minute
or better (7200 an hour) and the output easily matches the cheap duplicators
used by quickprinters. But they work fast and clean. They are so quiet, you
can run them in your office. Ant they print cheap! They are only a couple
cents a copy for three-color spot.

Separations show you a lot about printing


Most of my students are really surprised that each plate is in
greyscale. Of course, all plates are in greyscale. The color is in the ink or
toner applied by that greyscale plate. The seps give you a better feel for
how printing works.

It’s a skill set that is helpful at the very least

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To export a separated PDF
directly from InDesign CS4
You can do this, but it is a little confusing.

Print the file you need to separate


Once the dialog opens, choose your Acrobat 9 Printer on the first
page. Once you do this a PDF will be distilled when you click on print to
execute the dialog box.

Then set the page size to large enough to


contain the marks you choose

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Then set up your separations

Notice you can pick your resolution here — although I would rather
have a 150-line, 2400 dpi option.
Now you can click the Print button: If you open the Acrobat PDF
Printer app when it launches you will see that Distiller is automatically
launched and a separated PDF is generated. In my case it was dropped
onto the desktop. If you have your default download folder elsewhere it is
possible that it might end up somewhere else — but it will be generated and
dropped into your computer somewhere. Search for it if necessary. (Lord
knows where it will go on a PC!)
Strangely enough it will have a .indd.pdf extension

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This booklet is a print production offering:
it is written by Chakham Lev ©2009 • Published by Radiqx Press • All Rights Reserved
http://www.lulu.com/radiqxpress • chakham@radiqx.com