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Harmonic Analysis

Harmonic Analysis

Workshop 10 – Goals

• Goal:

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

– In this workshop our goal is to explore the harmonic response of the machine frame (Frame.x_t) shown here. The frequency response as well as stress and deformation at a specific frequency will be determined.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-2

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Assumptions

• • • We will assume the frame is constructed of structural steel. The frame is assumed to be a weldment and is modeled as a continuum (no contact).

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

We assume the frame is designed to support a device which imparts a 400 N force in the Y direction operating at a frequency of 200 Hz. The device is attached at 2 different locations which act 60 degrees out of phase with one another. The damping ratio for the steel structure is assumed to be a constant 0.02.

•

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-3

Harmonic Analysis

**. . . Workshop 10 - Start Page
**

• • From the launcher start Simulation. Choose “Geometry > From File . . . “ and browse to the file “Frame.x_t”.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

•

When DS starts, close the Template menu by clicking the ‘X’ in the corner of the window.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-4

Harmonic Analysis

Workshop 10 – Preprocessing

• Change the working unit system to metric meters.

1. “Units > Metric (m, kg, N, C, s)”.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

1.

•

Before proceeding with a harmonic analysis we’ll first perform a modal analysis on the structure. While not required before a harmonic solution, it is good practice to gain understanding of the structure’s natural frequencies. This can be an aid in choosing harmonic results which are expected to be of greater importance.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-5

Harmonic Analysis

**Workshop 10 – Modal Environment
**

2. Highlight the Environment Branch. 3. Select the 8 cylindrical surfaces of the holes in the frame tube sections. 4. “RMB > Insert > Cylindrical Supports”.

Workshop Supplement

**ANSYS Workbench - Simulation
**

2.

4. 3. (8 faces)

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-6

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Modal Environment

Workshop Supplement

5. In the detail window change the definition of the cylindrical support to Fixed/Fixed/Free.

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

5.

6.

6. Highlight the solution branch. 7. “RMB > Insert > Frequency Finder”. • Solve.

7.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-7

Harmonic Analysis

**Workshop 10 – Modal Solution
**

•

Workshop Supplement

The results of the modal indicate the first natural frequency is approximately 150 Hz and dominated by motion in the Y direction.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-8

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

Harmonic Analysis

Workshop 10 – Environment

8. Highlight the Environment branch. 9. “RMB > Duplicate”.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

8. 9.

10. Highlight the Environment2 branch and change the time type to “Harmonic”.

10.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-9

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Environment

Workshop Supplement

11. Select the 2 cylindrical faces of the left mounting holes in the angle section shown below.

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

11. (2 faces)

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-10

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Environment

• With Environment2 branch highlighted: 12. “RMB > Insert > Force”.

Workshop Supplement

12.

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

**From the force detail specify: 13. Time Type: Harmonic. 14. Define by: Components. 15. Y Component: 400 N
**

13. 14. 15.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-11

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Environment

Workshop Supplement

16. Select the 2 cylindrical faces of the right mounting holes in the angle section shown below.

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

16. (2 faces)

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-12

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Environment

17. “RMB > Insert > Force”.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

From the force 2 detail specify: 18. Define by: Components. 19. Y Component: 400 N 20. Phase Angle: 60 degrees

17.

18. 19. 20.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-13

Harmonic Analysis

Workshop 10 – Solution

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

21.

22.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-14

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Solution

23. Highlight the Harmonic Tool.

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ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

From the Harmonic Tool detail specify: 24. Range Maximum: 300 Hz. 25. Solution Intervals: 40. 26. Constant Damping Ratio: 0.02.

23.

24. 25.

26.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-15

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Solution

27. Switch the selection filter to “Edge” select.

Workshop Supplement

27.

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

28. Select the top edge (1) of the mounting hole shown below.

28.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-16

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Solution

29. “RMB > Insert > Frequency Response > Deformation”.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

29.

30. From the detail change the orientation to “Y Axis”.

30.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-17

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Solution

• Select the same edge as in step 29. 31. “RMB > Insert > Phase Response > Deformation”.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

31.

32. From the detail change the orientation to “Y Axis”. 33. Enter 200 in the Frequency field.

32.

33.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-18

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Solution

34. Select the top edge (1) of the mounting hole shown below.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

34.

•

Repeat steps 30 through 34 to include results for this location.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-19

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Solution

35. Highlight the Harmonic Tool. 36. “RMB > Insert > Stress > Normal”. • In the detail change the definition to:

35.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

37. Orientation: Y Axis 38. Frequency: 200 Hz

36.

37. 38.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-20

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Solution

39. “RMB > Insert > Deformation > Directional”. • In the detail change the definition to:

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

**40. Orientation: Y Axis 41. Frequency: 200 Hz • Solve
**

39.

40. 41.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-21

Harmonic Analysis

Workshop 10 – Results

• Highlight the Frequency response object. The default format is a Bode plot (see right) showing amplitude and phase angle in the same window. By changing the detail for the result other information can be viewed.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

•

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-22

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Results

• The amplitude vs frequency plots can be used to inspect the deformation at the selected points. Recall our frequency of interest is 200 Hz.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

•

Left Mount

Right Mount

200 Hz

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-23

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Results

•

Workshop Supplement

The phase response allows a comparison of the output (at the selected location) to the input forces. Recall (as this plot shows) we included a phase angle of 60 degrees when defining the second force load.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-24

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Results

•

Workshop Supplement

Plotting contour results gives a picture of the overall structure with respect to a specific orientation, frequency and phase angle.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-25

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

Harmonic Analysis

. . . Workshop 10 – Results

•

Workshop Supplement

Highlighting the Harmonic Tool and changing to the worksheet view brings up a summary of all harmonic results.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS10-26

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

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