Workshop 5.

2

Prestressed Modal Analysis

Prestressed Modal Analysis

Workshop 5.2 - Goals
• •

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ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

Our goal is to simulate the modal response of the tension link (shown below) in both a stressed and unstressed state. Specifically, we will load the link with a 4000 N tensile load and compare the natural frequency to that of the unloaded component.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS5.2-2

Prestressed Modal Analysis

Workshop 5.2 - Start Page
• • From the launcher start Simulation. Choose “Geometry > From File . . . “ and browse to the file “tension_link.x_t”.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

When DS starts, close the Template menu by clicking the ‘X’ in the corner of the window.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS5.2-3

Prestressed Modal Analysis

Workshop 5.2 - Preprocessing
1. When the DS GUI opens choose the Metric mm unit system.
– “Units > Metric (mm, kg, N, C, s)

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

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1. Highlight the Environment branch, RMB and “Duplicate”.

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2. Rename the 2 environment branches as shown.
• RMB > Rename

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August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS5.2-4

Prestressed Modal Analysis

. . . Workshop 5.2 - Preprocessing
• In the “Unstressed” environment: 4. Highlight one of the inside faces of one washer “RMB > Insert > Fixed Support”.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

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5. Highlight the face on the rim of the other washer “RMB > Insert > Frictionless Support”.

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August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS5.2-5

Prestressed Modal Analysis

. . . Workshop 5.2 - Preprocessing
6. Highlight the Solution branch, “RMB > Insert > Frequency Finder”.
• Note: we will accept the default six (6) modes for the Frequency Finder.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

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7. Using the shift key, highlight the 2 boundary conditions just applied in the Unstressed branch:
– “RMB > Copy”.

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7. Highlight the Prestressed branch:
– “RMB > Paste”. 8

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Prestressed Modal Analysis

Workshop 5.2 - Environment
9. Reorient the model as necessary and zoom in on the inside face of the washer where the frictionless support is applied to the rim. 10. “RMB > Insert > Force”. 11. Enter “4000” in the Magnitude field.
• Note use the “Direction” field to modify the force direction if necessary to insure the load is tensile (see below).

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

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Direction Field

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Prestressed Modal Analysis

. . . Workshop 5.2 - Environment
12. Highlight the solution branch in the Prestressed environment, “RMB > Insert > Frequency Finder”.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

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13. Highlight the Model branch and Solve (note solving from the Model branch will cause both environments to solve sequentially).

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Prestressed Modal Analysis

Workshop 5.2 – Postprocessing

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

When the solutions are complete expand the Frequency finders and review the results from each.

Unstressed

Prestressed

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS5.2-9

Prestressed Modal Analysis

. . . Workshop 5.2 – Postprocessing

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

As shown below the prestressed results should show an increase in frequencies.
– Note: the actual frequencies may vary slightly from those shown due to meshing and machine differences.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS5.2-10

Prestressed Modal Analysis

. . . Workshop 5.2 – Postprocessing

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

Although not a requirement, good practice recommends that we include a stress calculation in our prestressed branch to insure that the component does not fail due to the applied load.

14. Highlight the solution branch in the Prestressed environment, “RMB > Insert > Stress > Equivalent (von-Mises)”.

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15. Once again issue a solve from this branch to update the new result.

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Prestressed Modal Analysis

. . . Workshop 5.2 - Postprocessing

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS Workbench - Simulation

By comparing the reported stresses to the material’s yield values (Engineering Data) we can assess the component’s performance with respect to the applied load.
– Note, it may be necessary to calculate other results (deformation, strain, etc.) depending on the application in which the part is used.

August 26, 2005 Inventory #002266 WS5.2-12

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