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Volcanic Repeating Arms

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Volcanic Repeating Arms
Volcanic Repeating Arms
Former type Industry Fate Private Weapons Acquired

Predecessor(s) Smith & Wesson Company Successor(s) Founded Defunct New Haven Arms Company 1855 1866

Headquarters Norwich, Connecticut - New Haven, Connecticut, United States Key people Products Oliver Winchester Rifles, Pistols, Ammunition

The Volcanic Repeating Arms Company was a U.S. company formed in 1855 by partners Horace Smith and Daniel B. Wesson to develop Walter Hunt's Rocket Ball ammunition and lever action mechanism. Volcanic made an improved version of the Rocket Ball ammunition, and a carbine and pistol version of the lever action gun to fire it. While the Volcanic Repeating Arms Company was short lived, its descendants, Smith & Wesson and Winchester Repeating Arms Company, became major firearms manufacturers.

History
The original 1848 "Volition Repeating Rifle" design by Hunt was revolutionary, introducing an early iteration of the lever action repeating mechanism and the tubular magazine still common today. However, Hunt's design was far from perfect, and only a couple of prototypes were developed; the only one known is currently in the Firearms Museum in Cody, Wyoming. Lewis Jennings patented an improved version of Hunt's design in 1849, and versions of the Jenning's patent design were built by Robbins & Lawrence Co. (under the direction of shop foreman Benjamin Tyler Henry) and sold by C. P. Dixon. Horace Smith was also hired by Courtlandt Palmer to improve the Jennings Rifle, patenting the Smith-Jennings in 1851. It is estimated that less than 2000 of these two models were made until 1852, when financial troubles ceased production.[1][2] In 1854, partners Horace Smith and Daniel B. Wesson joined with Courtlandt Palmer, the businessman who had purchased the Jennings and Smith-Jennings patent rights, and further improved on the operating mechanism, developing the Smith & Wesson Lever pistol, and a new Volcanic cartridge. Production was in the shop of Horace Smith in Norwich, Connecticut. The new cartridge improved upon the Hunt Rocket Ball with the addition of a primer. Originally using the name "Smith & Wesson Company", the name was changed to "Volcanic Repeating Arms Company" in 1855, with the addition of new investors, one of which was Oliver Winchester. The Volcanic Repeating Arms Company obtained all rights for the Volcanic designs (both rifle and pistol versions were in production by this time) as well as the ammunition, from the Smith and Wesson Company. Wesson remained as plant manager for 8 months before rejoining Smith to found the "Smith & Wesson Revolver Company" upon obtaining the licensing of the Rollin White "rear loading cylinder patent. Winchester forced the insolvency of the Volcanic Arms Company in late 1856, took over ownership and moved the plant to New Haven, Connecticut, where it was reorganized as the New Haven Arms Company in April 1857. B. Tyler Henry was hired as plant superintendent when Robbins & Lawrence suffered financial difficulties and Henry left their employ. While continuing to make the Volcanic rifle and pistol, Henry began to experiment with the new rimfire ammunition, and

htm). International Ammunition Association.: "The Volcanic Arms". Bruce. The episode is titled "World's Largest Machine Gun" from season 3. James: "Volcanic Firearms . Daniel Coit Gilman. Examples of Volcanic Repeating Arms A Smith and Wesson Volcanic pistol.500. 2007 • Houze.[2][3][4] 2 In popular culture A . titled "Bear-ly There". References • Flayderman.41 cal Notes [1] [2] [3] [4] Jim Taylor. Art and Reference House. The New International Encyclopædia. In both games it's most powerful handgun. com/ articles/ taylor/ history. R. 1994 • Lewis. and the name of Winchester became synonymous with lever action rifles. R. leverguns. circa 1855. org/ glossary. The 1855 Volcanic pistol was featured during an episode of the television show Sons of Guns in 2012. Mead and Company. The episode.31 caliber The Jennings (top) and Volcanic (bottom) rifles Volcanic Pistol . Charles Winthrop Sawyer (1920). in . The result was the Henry rifle.Volcanic Repeating Arms modified the Volcanic lever action design to use it. "Leverguns: A Short History" (http:/ / www. Frank Moore Colby (1904). . Norman: "Flayderman's Guide to Antique Firearms and their Values 9th edition" Gun Digest Books. this time as the Winchester Repeating Arms company. Harry Thurston Peck. The Volcanic Pistol is available as a weapon in Rockstar Games' Red Dead Redemption and in the card game Bang!. Its History and Development from 1865 to 1981" Krause Publication. B. Pioneer Press. Under the name of "Volcano Gun". 1985 • Edsall. Col. the company once again reorganized. 1974 . included a segment where the pistol was purchased by the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop for $6. American Rifleman. E. By 1866. Volcanic Pistol appears in Techland's Call of Juarez and Call of Juarez: Bound in Blood. Dodd. . htm). "Evolution of the Winchester".41 caliber Volcanic Repeating Arms pistol was featured in the television show Pawn Stars in 2012. George: "The Winchester Book".And Their Successors". Firearms in American History.: "Winchester Repeating Arms Company. "A Guide to Ammunition Collecting" (http:/ / cartridgecollectors. Herbert G. Charles Winthrop Sawyer. November 1957 • Madis. 1985 • McDowell. Armory Publications.

net/~braithwaitej/mainsite/overview/guns/ winchester.44 Carbine "Yellowboy" (http://website.org/guns/volcanic.htm) .winchestercollector.shtml) • Winchester .Volcanic Repeating Arms 3 External links • Volcanic Rifles & Pistols (http://www.lineone.

php?oldid=508282132  Contributors: 0mniaV1nc1t. Alpha Quadrant.2.jpg  Source: http://en.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Original uploader was Fluzwup at en.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia File:Volcanic.php?title=File:Smith-et-Wesson-Volcanic-1854-1855-cal-31-p1030158.0 Unported //creativecommons.php?title=File:Jennings_and_Volcanic_rifles. Mike Searson.org/w/index. Nightscream. Fluzwup.0. Bostonbruins34. Triquetra. John of Reading.JPG  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.wikipedia.php?title=File:Volcanic. Gazimoff.org/w/index.0.org/w/index.2. Tamfang. Ulric1313.JPG  Source: http://en. SamBlob. Aldis90.wikipedia. PhilKnight.5. Kartano. AngelOfSadness. Licenses and Contributors Image:Smith-et-Wesson-Volcanic-1854-1855-cal-31-p1030158. Bibliomaniac15.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.Article Sources and Contributors 4 Article Sources and Contributors Volcanic Repeating Arms  Source: http://en.1.0  Contributors: Hmaag. AZman66.wikipedia.0/ . Hmaag.org/w/index. Sector001. TaintedMustard. Sturmvogel 66. 10 anonymous edits Image Sources. Quebec99. 1 anonymous edits License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0  Contributors: Rama Image:Jennings and Volcanic rifles. Hmains.wikipedia.