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MALAYSIAN BIOTECHNOLOGY CORPORATION SDN BHD (Company No.

691431-D)

PATENT REGISTRATION PROCEDURE IN MALAYSIA
<GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001>

10 JULY 2009

AUTHOR: SUMAH RAMACHANDRAN
Please note that the information contained herein is intended to be used for guidance and knowledge only. Whilst every effort has been taken to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the contents at the time this Guidance Paper is issued, inaccuracies may exist due to several reasons including changes in circumstances and/or amendments brought about due to a change in the policy (s) or prevailing rules or regulations. BiotechCorp does not hold out, warrant or guarantee that reliance on the information contained herein will result in the granting or approval of the matters applied for. BiotechCorp welcomes feedback and comments on this document. Feedback and comments can be sent to info@biotechcorp.com.my and by stating clearly in the subject line the document title and document Reference No.

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BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

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1. OBJECTIVES................................................................................................................ 4 2. INTRODUCTION: BASIC FACTS................................................................................ 4 2.1 Definition of patent....................................................................................... 4 2.2 The need to register a patent....................................................................... 4 2.3 Legislation governing patent protection....................................................... 4 3. PATENTABILITY REQUIREMENTS........................................................................... 4-5 3.1 Eligibility criteria for patentable inventions................................................... 4 3.2 Non-patentable inventions........................................................................... 4 4. PRE-APPLICATION STAGE........................................................................................ 5-7 4.1 Ascertaining patentability............................................................................. 5 4.2 Meaning of prior art...................................................................................... 5 4.3 Prior art search............................................................................................. 5 4.4 Conducting a search.................................................................................... 6 4.5 Patent search resources.............................................................................. 6 5. APPLICATION PROCEDURE....................................................................................... 7-8 5.1 Eligibility of applicant.................................................................................... 7 5.2 Governing body............................................................................................ 7 5.3 Information and documents required........................................................... 7 5.4 Appointment of patent agent........................................................................ 8 6. OUTLINE OF A PATENT SPECIFICATION................................................................ 9-10 6.1 Meaning of patent specification.................................................................... 9 6.2 Layout of a patent specification.................................................................... 9 7. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CORPORATION OF MALAYSIA............................... 10-13 7.1 Role of the Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia............................ 10 7.2 Services of MYIPO....................................................................................... 11 7.3 Location and contact details......................................................................... 12 7.4 Business hours............................................................................................. 13 8. STAGES OF PROSECUTION OF APPLICATION....................................................... 13-14 8.1 Filing of application...................................................................................... 13 8.2 Preliminary examination............................................................................... 13 8.3 Public inspection.......................................................................................... 13 8.4 Substantive examination.............................................................................. 14 8.5 Registration.................................................................................................. 14 9. DURATION OF PROTECTION..................................................................................... 16 9.1 Duration of patent......................................................................................... 16 9.2 Expiry of patent............................................................................................ 16 10. ENFORCEMENT........................................................................................................... 16 10.1 Remedy for infringement.............................................................................. 16

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BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia

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Territorial rights............................................................................................ 16

11. PATENT PROTECTION ABROAD.............................................................................. 16-19 11.1 The need to patent abroad........................................................................... 16 11.2 Avenues for patenting abroad...................................................................... 16 11.3 Patent Cooperation Treaty........................................................................... 17 12. APPENDIX.................................................................................................................... 20-40 12.1 Appendix I – Schedule of Forms and Fees.................................................. 21 12.2 Appendix II - Sample of Patent Specification............................................... 26 12.3 Appendix III - List of Registered Patent Agents in Malaysia........................ 33 12.4 Appendix IV - Location Maps of Offices of MyIPO...................................... 38

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BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia

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OBJECTIVES The objective of this paper is to provide a guide on the patent registration procedure in Malaysia. This paper outlines the basic requirements and the different stages involved in the filing and prosecution of a Malaysian patent application.

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INTRODUCTION: BASIC FACTS 2.1 Definition of patent What is a patent? A patent is a grant issued to the owner of an invention which gives him exclusive rights to exploit and control the patented invention for a limited period of time, in return for the disclosure of his invention. 2.2 The need to register a patent Must a patent be registered? A patent must be registered in order to acquire monopoly rights to exploit the invention. 2.3 Legislation governing patent protection Which Malaysian legislation governs patent protection? Patents are governed by the following:i. The Patents Act 1983 ii. The Patents Regulations 1986

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PATENTABILITY REQUIREMENTS 3.1 Eligibility criteria for patentable inventions What are the criteria for an invention to qualify for a patent? An invention is patentable if it:i. is new or novel - this means that the invention has not been publicly disclosed (made known to the public) in any form, anywhere in the world; ii. involves an inventive step - this means that the invention must not be obvious to someone with knowledge and experience in the technological field of invention; iii. is industrially applicable - this means that the invention is capable of being made or used in any industry; and iv. does not fall within the scope of non-patentable inventions as stipulated by Malaysian patent law (please refer to Section 3.2 below for further information). 3.2 Non-patentable inventions Which inventions are not patentable? In Malaysia, the following inventions are not patentable:i. discoveries, scientific theories and mathematical methods; ii. plant or animal varieties or essentially biological processes for the production of plants or animals not including man-made living microorganisms, micro-biological processes and products thereof;

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there are various other types of searches which cater to different needs and objectives. 4. a prior art search refers to a review of prior art materials available from public sources. In addition to the above. if no relevant prior art references are discovered.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. also known as a patentability search. On the other hand. This is to determine whether the invention is patentable. but also includes literature of all kinds. Malaysian patent law also prohibits the patenting of any invention that would be contrary to public order or morality. Should the search uncover relevant prior art references which are detrimental and likely to render the invention as not new or obvious. iv. For instance. For the purpose of patent protection. Prior art is not limited to just patents and patent applications. Some regard it <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 5 .2 Meaning of prior art What is prior art? Prior art refers to all relevant information or technical knowledge which are available to the public anywhere in the world before the priority date or first filing date of the patent application for the subject invention. This may be done by conducting a prior art search.1 Ascertaining patentability How to ascertain if an invention is patentable? In deciding whether to obtain patent protection for an invention. is conducted before a patent application is filed.3 Prior art search What is a prior art search? Why conduct a prior art search? Basically. performing purely mental acts or playing games. a prior art search. and diagnostic methods practised on the human or animal body. Apart from patentability searches. 4. and methods for the treatment of human or animal body by surgery or therapy. schemes. rules or methods for doing business. the applicant need not proceed further. or prejudicial to the interest or security of the nation. that is. It is however important to understand that conducting a prior art search does not guarantee the successful grant of a patent but at the very least it assists in making a preliminary assessment of patentability and minimises unnecessary patenting costs. if the invention is new and inventive over existing prior art.0 10 July 2009 iii. PRE-APPLICATION STAGE 4. a state of the art search is a broad based search covering all that has been done in a given art and serves many purposes. the applicant may decide to move ahead with a patent filing. 4. it is crucial to first establish whether the invention qualifies for a patent.

ipaustralia. the patent search process may be a complex and tedious affair. or for future research and developmental works or in any other circumstances. <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> . In such instances. a competitor’s name or any other search criteria as deemed appropriate. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) http://www.4 Conducting a search How to conduct a search? A prior art search can be carried out by searching patent databases and relevant non-patent literature including scientific journals. Another type of search which is commonly carried out is a freedom to operate (FTO) or right to use search. A validity search is performed after a patent is granted to verify whether the same is valid or otherwise. patent classification. Listed below are web page links of some of them:i. Other types of searches include infringement and validity searches. This search is usually conducted to identify if there are any potential barriers to the commercialisation of a product or a technology.wipo. For an untrained or inexperienced person.5 Patent search resources Where to search for patents? There are some online patent databases made available by patent offices around the world. it is advisable to seek professional assistance.espacenet. 4. using keywords relevant to the invention or technical field of the same.shtml United Kingdom Intellectual Property Office (UK IPO) 6 iii. which allow for free patent searches. The search may be carried out either by the applicant himself or an experienced professional may be engaged for this purpose. iv. An infringement search is performed to determine if an invention infringes an existing patent or the claims of a particular patent infringe any other patent.gov.0 10 July 2009 as a market survey as it may be used to analyse the current state and trend of a technology. either in relation to a finished product or one which is being developed. The validity search is also useful in a defence against a patent infringement suit whereby it would attempt to uncover issued patents or other prior art that may render the subject patent partially or completely invalid. ii.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. whether the commercial activity may be carried out without infringing the rights of a third party.au/patents/search_index. A FTO search is typically conducted as a preventive measure to avoid potential infringement. brochures. 4. newspapers etc.int/pctdb/en European Patent Office (EPO) http://ep.com IP Australia http://www. in other words. magazines.

The application may be submitted to the Patent Registration Office by hand or mail. The location and contact details of the offices are provided in Section 7. United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) http://patft.micropat. 5.gov Some other patent databases and search engines will require payment for use such as:vi. A patent specification consisting of a description of the invention. The owner may be an individual or a company. a claim or a set of claims. the applicant is required to lodge the following with the Patent Registration Office:i.com vii. the Intellectual Corporation of Malaysia (MyIPO) provides an online search facility known as PANTAS. and iii.com/research MicroPatent http://www.uk/types/patent/p-os/p-find. <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 7 . Delphion http://www. The Patent Registration Office is responsible for the administration. Payment of the prescribed filing fee.3.myipo.my/online/main/.uspto.htm v. 5. ii. In Malaysia. APPLICATION PROCEDURE 5. For more information.2.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.delphion. Form 1 (for an application for a patent).gov. processing and registration of patents and certificate for utility innovations.0 10 July 2009 http://www.ipo. an abstract and drawings (if any). 5. the application may be submitted through an online filing system at https://pantas.1 Eligibility of applicant Who may apply? The owner of the invention is eligible to apply for a patent. please refer to Section 7. please refer to Section 7. For further information on the Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia (MyIPO).3 Information and documents required What are the information and documents required for filing a patent application in Malaysia? To file an application in Malaysia.gov. Alternatively.2 Governing Body Where to file? An application for a patent in Malaysia must be filed with the Patent Registration Office of the Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia (MyIPO).

BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. name.myipo. if a patent agent is appointed. Although it is not a requirement for a local applicant to appoint a patent agent. and it must have been filed not more than 12 months before the filing date of the application in Malaysia). please refer to Section 6. a patent agent advises on the patentability of an invention. prepares the patent specification and handles the filing and prosecution of patent applications amongst others. Engaging an experienced patent agent may reduce such risks or burden for the applicant.4 Appointment of Patent Agent Who is a patent agent? A patent agent is a qualified professional who specialises in patent work. Form 17 (Appointment of Patent Agent). is called the priority application. For easy reference. the filing date. The Statement Justifying the Applicant’s Right to a Patent. A list of registered patent agents in Malaysia is available at the MyIPO website at http://www. For more information on the patent specification. conducts patent searches. if the applicant is not the inventor of the invention. Is it necessary to appoint a patent agent? An applicant who is either a domicile or resident in Malaysia may file an application on his own behalf or choose to appoint a registered patent agent to handle the filing and prosecution of his application.0 10 July 2009 The following information must be provided in Form 1:i. even leading to the refusal of the patent application. ii. priority details (if applicable) i. please refer to Section 12. A foreign applicant however is required to appoint a local patent agent to act on his behalf. Failure to do so may result in unfavourable consequences for the applicant. and iii. address and nationality of the applicant(s).3 (Appendix III). given the complexities of the patenting process. application number and country of an earlier application from which priority is claimed (this only applies if the applicant has filed an earlier application for the same invention.my. if applicable:i. The earlier application.e. Generally. 5. the following documents are also required to be submitted to the Patent Registration Office. It is also important for the applicant to understand that the patent prosecution process is lengthy and involves several steps which require appropriate actions to be taken in a timely manner. and ii. which is the first application for the invention.gov. it is advisable for the applicant to consider seeking the services of a registered patent agent to assist him with his application. Additionally. especially with the drafting of the patent specification. <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 8 . name and address of the inventor(s).

where possible. to ensure that the invention is protected adequately. a brief description of each figure of the drawings is required to be provided in this part. As such. is a disclosure of the invention. it is very important for the patent specification to be prepared carefully. Disclosure of the invention • This section provides an explanation of the invention in a manner sufficiently clear and complete for the invention to be evaluated and carried out by a person having ordinary skill in the art. which can be regarded as useful to the understanding.1 Description The description. and is accompanied by an abstract. iii. OUTLINE OF A PATENT SPECIFICATION 6. Description of the drawings • Where drawings are included. 6. The description generally includes several parts as listed below and is prepared according to the following order:i. • Also. ii. The document also sets out the scope of protection of the patent.1 Meaning of patent specification What is a patent specification? A patent specification is a technical document containing a detailed description of an invention for which patent protection is sought. preferably with the assistance of an expert. 6. a claim or set of claims and drawings (if any).2. in essence. • Any known published documents reflecting such art may also be cited. vi. Best mode or preferred embodiment of the invention <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 9 . Background art • An indication of any relevant background art known to the applicant. Technical field of the invention • A general statement which specifies the technical field to which the invention relates.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.2 Layout of a Patent Specification A patent specification basically contains a description of the invention. Title of the invention • The title is required to indicate the subject matter of the invention in a clear and concise manner.0 10 July 2009 6. any advantageous effects of the invention with reference to background art must be stated. iv. search and examination of the invention. v.

which gives a general overview of the invention. is the organisation responsible for the development and management of the intellectual property (IP) system in Malaysia. with reference to examples where appropriate and drawings. the gist of the solution to the problem through the invention and the principal use or uses of the invention. must be clear and concise and also fully supported by the description. Industrial application • When it is not obvious from the description or nature of the invention. also known as MyIPO. 6. 6.0 10 July 2009 • • This part is a description of the best mode of the invention contemplated by the applicant for carrying out the invention.1 Role of the Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia The Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia.4 Abstract The abstract is basically a summary or concise description of the invention in about 150 words or less. 7. The abstract also serves as an efficient tool for the purpose of searching in a particular technical field. For a sample of a patent specification.2. the abstract should indicate the technical field of the invention. The best mode or preferred embodiment of the invention basically refers to the best way known to the applicant to carry out the invention. 6.2. In a nutshell. Drawings may be in the form of flow sheets and diagrams.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. it is advisable to indicate explicitly. please refer to Section 12.2. in other words. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CORPORATION OF MALAYSIA 7.3 Drawings Drawings are required to be included when they are necessary for the understanding of the invention.2 (Appendix ll). vii.2 Claims The claims. if any. which includes patents. It is therefore crucial to ensure that the claims are drafted with great care to provide the invention adequate protection. the way in which the invention can be made or used. the existing technical problem. the way in which the invention is industrially applicable. which define the invention in terms of its technical features. trade <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 10 . The claims are the most important part of a patent specification as they define the scope of protection for the invention.

v. at a nominal fee. comprehensive and user-friendly information on IP. MyIPO also aims to promote public awareness on the importance of IP and provide advisory services. may contact or visit the MyIPO offices and seek assistance from the helpdesk officers on duty. The functions of MyIPO include:i. <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 11 . administering. Conducting patent agent examinations. Providing IP information and statistical data. advising the Government on developments at international level on issues or matters relating to IP. industrial designs. and vii. online search. The online services are also available for subscription. Besides its objectives to strengthen IP laws in the country and establish a strong and effective administration. Providing online services (i. ix. Advisory and consultancy services on IP.00. safeguarding the interest of Malaysia in respect of any agreement or international convention to which Malaysia is a party. v. ensuring the provisions of the IP Legislation are administered and enforced accordingly. viii. assistance may be sought from the helpdesk officers available. layout designs of integrated circuits and geographical indications. 7. ii. promoting and organising cooperation programmes at national or international level. trade marks. regulating and supervising issues or matters relating to IP in relation to the IP Legislation. vii. However. Conducting training and outreach programmes. Registration of patents (and certificate for utility innovations). encouraging and promoting the training and the dissemination of information on IP. ii. iv. advising on the review and updating of the IP Legislation. vi. copyright.0 10 July 2009 marks. Please note that the searches need to be conducted by the public themselves as the officers at MyIPO do not perform the searches on behalf of the public. iii.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.e. industrial designs and geographical indications. Helpdesk Any person who has enquiries regarding IP or intends to use the services/facilities at MyIPO. vi. and carrying out research and studies on IP issues.2 Services of MyIPO The services offered by MyIPO are as follows:i. The PANTAS online search facilities (for patent and trade mark searches) are available to the public at an hourly fee of RM20. iv. iii. collecting and enforcing payments of prescribed fees or any other charges under the IP Legislation. filing and checking application status) through the Patent and Trade Marks Administration System known as PANTAS.

gov. For further details on the location. please refer to Appendix IV] Phone No: 6088-254524 Fax No: 6088-257046 Branch Office: Kuching. please visit http://www. For more information on MyIPO. (Perbadanan Harta Intelek Malaysia) Sabah 6th Floor. 7.3.3 Location and Contact Details The head office of MyIPO is situated in Kuala Lumpur. Sabah and Kuching. whereas its two branch offices are located in Kota Kinabalu. (Sublot 5). Block C Kompleks KUWASA (KWSP) 49.my. please refer to Section 7. Menara Dayabumi. Queen's Court.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.myipo. Sarawak Patent Registration Office Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia (Perbadanan Harta Intelek Malaysia) Lot 9936. The location and contact details of the offices of MyIPO are as follows:Offices Contact Details Patent Registration Office Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia (Perbadanan Harta Intelek Malaysia) Level 32. Block E Jalan Wan Alwi 93350 Kuching Sarawak [For Location Map. Jalan Karamunsing 88000 Kota Kinabalu Sabah [For Location Map. please refer to Appendix IV] Phone No: 603-2263 2100 (Operator) / 603-2274 5113 (Helpdesk) Fax No: 603-2274 1332 Head Office: Kuala Lumpur Patent Registration Office Branch Office: Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia Kota Kinabalu. Sarawak respectively. 3rd Floor. please refer to Appendix IV] <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 12 . Menara Dayabumi Jalan Sultan Hishamuddin 50623 Kuala Lumpur [For Location Map.0 10 July 2009 The helpdesk and the PANTAS on-line search facilities at MyIPO are located on Level 32.

8.3 Public Inspection After 18 months from the filing date or the earliest priority date.m. a formalities examiner at the Registry of Patents will check the application to see if the minimum filing requirements have been fulfilled.00 a.1 Filing of Application After receiving the application and the prescribed payment of the official filing fees.4 Business Hours The business hours are as follows:Offices Registration Counter Payment Counter Head Office: 8. – 4. – 2.m. an application for a patent goes through the following stages as illustrated in the chart below:8. Kuching.m.2 Preliminary Examination The application will then be subjected to a preliminary examination whereby the application will be examined to see if there is compliance with the formal requirements. 8. giving the applicant a period of three months to address the non-compliance and respond to the same.m.m.45 p. If there is any non-compliance. Sarawak Note: All counters will be closed on Fridays from 12.00 a.m.m.15 p.m. a Preliminary Examination Clear Report will be issued.15 p.15 a. if the formal requirements have been met. Kota Kinabalu.m.m. A Certificate of Filing bearing the official filing date and the allotted patent application number will be issued to the applicant.15 a. Failure to respond to the report within the given time frame will result in the application being refused. Sabah Branch Office: 8.30 p.0 10 July 2009 Phone No: 6082-459075/459076 Fax No: 6082-455052 7.00 a. – 4. 8. – 5. If so.m. Kuala Lumpur Branch Office: 8. 8. – 5. However.30 p. a Preliminary Examination Adverse Report indicating the non-compliances will be issued.30 p. 8.m. – 4.00 a. the Registry will issue / accord the application an official filing date.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. – 4. or the non-compliances have been addressed. 8.15 p. details of the pending Malaysian application. STAGES OF PROSECUTION OF APPLICATION What are the stages involved in the prosecution of an application? Generally.30 p.m. including the patent specification are made <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 13 .m.

In some cases. if the examiner is satisfied that all requirements have been met. the request is made on Form 5A.5 Registration Upon payment of the registration fee.0 10 July 2009 available for public inspection. The prescribed official fee must be paid at the time of filing the request. If the examiner has objections. Also. or the objections have been overcome. the particulars of the patent. the patent examiner will conduct a search and examination of the application to ascertain if the invention is registrable and in compliance with Malaysian patent law. There is however no payment required for the request for deferment. <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 14 . Failure to do so within the stipulated time frame will result in the application being deemed as withdrawn. the request needs to be made on Form 5B. The request for full substantive examination is made on Form 5 whereas for modified examination. together with the abstract will be published in the Government Gazette. either full examination or modified examination. a Substantive Examination Adverse Report indicating the nature of the objections will be issued. a Substantive Examination Clear Report will be issued and the applicant will be requested to pay the registration fee within two months. which must be made within two years from the filing date of the application. giving the applicant a period of three months to respond to the same. As for the deferment of substantive examination. During the substantive examination stage. The application however is not published in printed form. a Certificate of Grant will be issued and details of the same will be recorded in the Register of Patents. 8. subsequent Substantive Examination Adverse Reports may be issued if the objections raised in the earlier report have not been addressed to the satisfaction of the examiner.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. 8. Failure to respond to the report within the given time frame will result in the application being refused. However.4 Substantive Examination The next step is the filing of the request for substantive examination. or the request to defer the request for substantive examination.

subject to payment of prescribed annual fees. is twenty years from the filing date of the Government Gazette application. Expiry of patent 9. upon grant.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.0 10 July 2009 FLOWCHART OF PATENT REGISTRATION PROCEDURE IN MALAYSIA Filing of Application Application Accorded Filing Date Response filed (Compliance) Preliminary Examination Compliance Preliminary Examination Adverse Report Application Refused Application LaidOpen for Public Inspection Request for Substantive Examination Response filed (Compliance) Request filed Request not filed Application Deemed Withdrawn Substantive Examination Compliance Substantive Examination Adverse Report Application Refused 9.1 Duration of patent What is the duration of a patent? Advertisement in The duration of a patent.2 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 15 . Registration (Certificate of Grant DURATION OF PROTECTION Issued) 9.

1 The need to patent abroad Why apply for patents abroad? As patent rights are territorial in nature. PATENT PROTECTION ABROAD 11. the period of protection ends and the owner no longer has exclusive rights over the patented invention. Otherwise. This option is usually selected if the number of countries in which patent protection is sought is very small. this route may prove to be expensive as well as cumbersome. it is advisable to consider opting for the international route by filing one single international application as provided by the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). 10. It does not provide protection outside Malaysia. 11. 10. Thus. damages and an account of profits.0 10 July 2009 What happens when a patent expires? When a patent expires. a separate patent application in each of the countries of interest needs to be filed.1 International route For those seeking patent protection in many countries. For protection in other countries.2 Territorial Rights Does a patent registered in Malaysia provide protection abroad? A Malaysian patent provides protection only in Malaysia.2. The court may also order for forfeiture or destruction of the infringing goods. separate applications for patents must be filed in each of those countries.1 National route If the national route is chosen. ENFORCEMENT 10.1 Remedy for Infringement How are patent rights enforced? What are the remedies available for infringement? The owner of a patent may initiate civil action against any person who has infringed or is infringing the patent. 11. 11.2 Avenues for patenting abroad How to obtain patent protection abroad? Basically. applications need to be made in those countries. The invention then enters the public domain and the same can be commercially exploited by any person. One way is through national applications while the other is via an international application. if patent protection for the invention is desired in other countries.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.2. The relief available for infringement includes injunction. there are two ways to obtain patent protection abroad. 11. <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 16 . a patent granted is Malaysia only protects the invention in Malaysia.

The granting of patents is controlled by the national (and regional) patent offices in accordance with their local patent laws. is divided into two phases: international phase and national phase. No official request for search need be made as the search will be conducted as a matter of course. On completion. 2009). <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 17 . PCT applications may be filed at the MyIPO as the receiving office. 11. the patent specification and the prescribed fee. which provides a unified and simplified procedure for obtaining patent protection in a large number of countries through filing one single patent application. In Malaysia. This option however is only available for nationals or residents of member countries of the Patent Cooperation Treaty. which consists of the PCT request form. an International Search Report and a Written Opinion on the findings will be issued.3. This single application filed under the PCT system is known as an international application or PCT application. The PCT system however does not grant an international patent. basically. There are three stages in this international phase. At this stage. the applicant also designates the countries of interest in the PCT request form.0 10 July 2009 11. Malaysia is one of the 141 members of the PCT (as at March 19. governed by the PCT and its Regulations. which are as follows:• Filing of PCT application As with any patent application.1 International Phase The international phase. the first step for a PCT application is filing a formal request.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. starts at the filing of the PCT application and ends when the application enters into each of the countries of interest where protection is sought. with the receiving patent office. Phases of PCT application The PCT application procedure.3 Patent Cooperation Treaty What is Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)? PCT is an international treaty. • International Search and Publication The PCT application is then subjected to an international search to identify whether any prior art which would affect the patentability of the invention is available.

2 National Phase In order for the PCT patent application to be protected in the designated countries. To enter the national phase in Malaysia. On entry into the national phase in Malaysia. The entry into the individual countries is the beginning of the national phase.0 10 July 2009 After 18 months from the priority date or the international filing date (whichever is the earlier). the request for the examination must be made within 22 months from the priority date or the international filing date (whichever is the earlier). an application must be filed with the MyIPO within 30 months from the priority date of the PCT application. This marks the end of the international phase. where national patent laws will apply. 11.3. If the applicant opts for the same. separate applications need to be filed in each individual country. the PCT application together with the International Search Report is published. the application will be subjected to Malaysian patent laws and the same will be processed in accordance with the local patent examination and registration procedures. a preliminary examination on the patentability of the invention is conducted and an International Preliminary Examination Report (IPER) on the findings of the examination is issued. The application consists of a copy of the international application (in the English language) and the prescribed form (Form 2A) together with the prescribed fee.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. • International Preliminary Examination The International Preliminary Examination is an optional step. 11.3 Flowchart of PCT Application Procedure The different stages of a PCT application are as illustrated in the flowchart below:- <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 18 . On filing the request.3.

3 12.Sample of Patent Specification National Phase 30th month Appendix III .4 Appendix I – Schedule of Forms and Fees Appendix II .0 10 July 2009 FLOWCHART OF PATENT COOPERATION TREATY APPLICATION PROCEDURE Filing of Priority Application 0 month Filing of PCT Application 12th month International Search Report International Phase 16th month International Publication 18th month Demand for International Preliminary Examination 22nd month International Preliminary Examination Report 28th month 12.List of Registered Patent Agents (Active) in Malaysia Appendix IV –Location Maps of Offices of MyIPO <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 19 . APPENDIX 12.1 12.2 12.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.

0 10 July 2009 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 20 .BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.

BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.0 10 July 2009 APPENDIX I <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 21 .

00 per month of delay 700.00 50. 15.00 100.00 50. 7.00 75. 18.00 100. Forms F1 Fee (RM) 200.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.00 450. F2B 5. 14. 11. 24.00 75.00 75. 9. 3.00 50. 8.00 100.00 Nil 10. F2 F2A 4.00 10. 12.00 50.00 2.00 100. 20.00 per claim 200. 21.00 75.00 per claim 500. F5 F5A F5B F5C F5D F5E F5F F5G 13. 17. 1. F6 F7 F8 P9 F10 F11 F12 F13 F14 F15 F16 F16A Request for substantive examination Request for modified substantive examination Request for deferment of filing of request for examination or provision of information Request for certified copies or extracts Request to amend Register Request for reinstatement of lapsed patent Request for licence to exploit patented invention Request to convert application for patent into application for certificate for utility innovation or vice-versa Application for recording of assignment or transmission Application for entry in Register that any person may obtain a licence Application for cancellation of entry in Register that any person may obtain a licence Request for recording of particulars of licence contract in Register Request for recording expiry or termination of licence contract in Register Application for compulsory licence Request for amendment of decision granting compulsory licence Request for cancellation of compulsory licence Application for grant of certificate for utility innovation Application to extend term of certificate for utility innovation Request to amend application for grant of patent Request to amend patent 100.00 50. 19.0 10 July 2009 APPENDIX I SCHEDULE OF FORMS AND FEES PART I Matter/Proceeding (a) Request for grant of patent (b) Claims (i) for first ten claims (ii) for every additional claim Declaration of withdrawal of application Entering National Phase (a) for first ten claims (b) for every additional claim Request for reinstatement (under Section 78OA) Item No. 16. 22.00 22 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> . 10.00 50. 23. 6.00 200.

00 100.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.0 10 July 2009 25. Appointment or change of patent agent Application for registration of patent agent Application for registration as candidate for examination Application to re-sit examination [deleted] Application for renewal of registration of patent agent Furnishment of address for service Request for extension of time Statement Justfying The Applicants Right To A Patent/Certificate 2000.00 100. 31. 26. 27.00 100. 30. F17 F18 F18A F18B F19 F20 F21 St. 28.00 400.Just. 33.00 - <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 23 .00 200. 29. 32.

00 450.00 20.00 200. 100.00 800. 7.00 350.00 240.00 per page 10.00 160.00 1800. 6.00 per hour 8.00 1200.00 1400.00 per page 2.00 per hour 10. 11.00 600. 5.00 400.00 per page 2.00 250.00 240.00 160.00 1600. 12.0 10 July 2009 APPENDIX I SCHEDULE OF FORMS AND FEES PART II Matter/Proceeding Copy of patent Copy of search report Examination of register Certified copies or extract from Register Copies or extract from Register Fee for public inspection of information relating to patent application Certified copies or extract of any information :(a) for first five pages (b) for every additional page Annual fee for patent : a) for second year b) for third year c) for fourth year d) for fifth year e) for sixth year f) for seventh year g) for eighth year h) for ninth year i) for tenth year j) for eleventh year k) for twelveth year l) for thirteenth year m) for fourteenh year n) for fifteenth year o) for sixteenth year p) for seventeenth year q) for eighteenth year r) for nineteenth year s) for twentieth year Surcharge for reinstatement Surrender of compulsory licence Surrender of patent Annual fee for certificate for utility innovation : (a) for third year (b) for fourth year (c) for fifth year (d) for sixth year (e) for seventh year (f) for eighth year (g) for ninth year (h) for tenth year (i) for eleventh year Item No.00 400.00 60.00 120. 10.00 24 9. 2. 3.00 900.00 100 % of fee for year concerned 60.00 280.00 200.00 650.00 per page 200. 1.00 10.00 300. Fee (RM) 30. <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> .BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. 4.00 1000.00 700.00 500.00 550.00 2000.

18. 20.00 per subject 50. 17.00 100.00 1200.00 for less than 10 pages and 5.00 1300.00 for the subsequent pages 2.00 per page 22. 14. 16.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. 15.00 1100. 21.00 1000.00 700. 19.00 1500.00 per month 100 % of fee for year concerned 20.00 200.0 10 July 2009 13.00 800.00 100.00 1400.00 per page 100. Fee for preparing international application <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 25 .00 per hour 5. (j) for twelveth year (k) for thirteenth year (l) for fourteenh year (m) for fifteenth year (o) for sixteenth year (p) for seventeenth year (q) for eighteenth year (n) for nineteenth year (r) for twentieth year Holding of hearing Certificate of grant of a patent Certificate for a utility innovation Appeal against examination results Extension of time (for every month or part of a month) Surcharge for late payment of annual fee Public search through computer Computer print-out (Bibliography data) Permitted information (upon request) 600.00 150.

BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.0 10 July 2009 APPENDIX II <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 26 .

0 10 July 2009 APPENDIX II SAMPLE OF A PATENT SPECIFICATION (courtesy of the Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia) <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 27 .BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.

0 10 July 2009 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 28 .BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.

0 10 July 2009 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 29 .BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.

BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.0 10 July 2009 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 30 .

BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.0 10 July 2009 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 31 .

BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.0 10 July 2009 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 32 .

BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.0 10 July 2009 APPENDIX III <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 33 .

TAN SENG NGEE MS. V. PATRICK MIRANDAH CIK KATHERINE LIM SUI HONG EN. CHEW KHERK YING MR. 19. 32. LIM CHONG CHUAN EN. MICHAEL SOO CHOW MING EN. 30. PARAMASIVAN EN. KANDIAH EN. CHANDRA A/L KUMARAN BETTY CHEW PHAIK KHIM P. 31. SHANMUGAM @ S. 34. 20.0 10 July 2009 APPENDIX III LIST OF REGISTERED PATENT AGENTS IN MALAYSIA As at 31 December 2008 (courtesy of the Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia) WILAYAH PERSEKUTUAN KUALA LUMPUR NO. 9. WONG SAI FONG EN.2273 0688 / 2033 TEL : 03-2691 8636 / 03-2691 5326 TEL : 03-2692 7533 / 03-2692 7629 TEL : 03-2161 6877 TEL : 03-2092 3322 TEL : 03-2162 2522 TEL : 03-2694 9999 TEL : 03-2092 3322 TEL : 03-2697-1668 TEL : 03-2162 2522 TEL : 03-2732 3888 TEL : 03-2050 1888 TEL : 03-2143 9122 TEL : 03-2163 3233 TEL : 03-2055 1888 TEL : 03-2148 5050 TEL : 03-6203 1318 TEL : 03-42910255 TEL : 03-2164 0200 34 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> . 18.2693 1125 / 2693 5123 TEL : 03-7982 9887 TEL : 03-2284 7872 TEL : 03-2770 0088 TEL : 03-2691 9363 / 2691 0418/ 2691 0451 TEL : 03-2162 2522 TEL : 03-2694 9999 TEL : 03 2070 0644 TEL : 03-2732 3888 TEL : 03-2094 8111 TEL : 03-2548 111 TEL : 03-2282 9257 TEL : 03-2031 1788 TEL : 03-2166 8662 TEL : 03. 33. 21. TEN YEE PHOR PASUPATHI SITHAMPARAM PN. 22. WANG CHAW LING. 24. 26. 6. 36. 1. FOONG SEET FUN GOH MENG YEW MS. YAP TAI LAN MS.A. TEO BONG KWANG EN. MICHAEL CHAI WOON CHEW EN. 28. 10. CHEW PHYE KEAT EN. 29. 25. 35. P. 15. 7. 5. DAVID ALAN WYATT MS. PONMUGAM CIK WONG JIN NEE ZAHARIZAN BT. 27. TEL : 03-2094 8111 TEL : 03-2070 0644 TEL : 03 2278 8686 TEL : 03-21421355 TEL : 03.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. 16. KOO CHIN NAM @ KHO CHIN NAM EN. 17. 2. LOK CHOON HONG BENJAMIN JOHN THOMSON EN. 13. 4. 14. LEE TAT BOON EN. 11. NAME EN. DARRYL GOON SIEW CHYE EN. ROSHAYATI BT ABD GHANI EN. TIMOTHY SIAW YEAN HWA CIK HO CHEE KIT MS. 37. HARIRAM JAYARAM EN. TAN CHUI LIN MS. LINDA EN. LIM TEE POK LIM KOCK HOOI TELEPHONE NO. AHMED MEAH EN. 23. CHARMAYNE ONG POH YIN EN. 3. 12. 8.

67. 53. 83. 69. 79. 71. 80. 45. 86. 49. 75. 57. 59. 52. 87. ABDUL RAHIM YONG CHEE KONG STEPHEN KHAW TIEN CHYE MICHELE YEOH EE LEEN AZLINA AISYAH BINTI KHALID WONG SOOK FUN MANIAM A/L MAHALINGAM EE CHAI HAK PAULINE KHOR HONG PING GOH JOO SEONG LEELA DEVI A/P BASKARAN AINOON BT SHABIRIN NG CHEE WENG M. 82. 42.2092 2781 TEL : 03-2697-1668 TEL : 03-2697 1668 TEL : 03. 43.6274 5352 TEL : 03-2143 9122 TEL : 03-2143 9122 TEL : 03-2143 9122 TEL : 03-2143 9122 TEL : 03-2697 0200 TEL : 03-7227 8336 TEL : 03-2273 5563 TEL : 03. 56. 73. ANGELINE RAJ KEVIN KOO SENG KIAT @ KOH SENG KIAT KUEK PEI YEE YAP KAH HONG TAN BOON LENG RAMAKRISHNA DAMODHARAN GERALD PETER SAMUEL SOO EE LIN FIONA TERESA JEFFERY BOEY WENG CHOONG SURENDRAN A/L S. 44. 51. 50. 40.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. 55. 68. 77. 63. 60. 54. 78.2273 0688 / 2033 TEL : 03-2094 8111 TEL : 03-40235978 TEL : 03-7783 8826 TEL : 03-2278 8686 TEL : 03-2274 2915 TEL : 03-2697-1668 TEL : 03-2188688 TEL : 03-2188688 TEL : 03-20311933 35 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> . 72. 39. 46. 58.SUBRANIAM TEL : 03-2693 1125 / 2693 5123 TEL : 03 2095 2122 TEL : 03-2070 1788 TEL : 03-2161 2330 TEL : 03-2072 5789 / 2072 6789 TEL : 03-2144 0537 TEL : 03-2116 5407 TEL : 03-2698 6255 TEL : 03-2287 6228 TEL : 03-2166 8662 TEL : 03-20951593 /1592 TEL : 03-2691 5093 TEL : 03-2273 9849 TEL : 03.2070 0644 TEL : 03-2692 3433 TEL : 03-2050 1888 TEL : 03-4042 2292 TEL : 03-2691 8085 TEL : 03-2691 8085 TEL : 03-7728 2896 TEL : 03-2710 5555 TEL : 03-2143 9122 TEL : 03-2732 3888 TEL : 03-2278 8686 TEL : 03-8737 3117 TEL : 03-2076 2881 TEL : 03-2161 0803 TEL : 03-2094 8111 TEL : 03. 84. 85. 62. 74.0 10 July 2009 38. HALIM SUMAH A/P RAMACHANDRAN SALWA BINTI ABDUL SHUKOR JURIYAH @ JURAIYAH JAMALUDIN THYE YAN MEE MAHESWARI A/P KUMARAPPAN WENDY LAM MEI KUAN CHEONG YOKE PING GANESHNATHAN A/L RAMANATHAN YIP JIUN HANN JASON CHEAH YUE MENG ANDREW SIEW ONN THIUN ONN YEN YEN ABDUN NIZAR BIN AHMAD EUGENE ROY JOSEPH YOW TING FONG LEE SWEE SENG ZARAIHAN BINTI SHAARI SULAIMAN BIN OSMAN SU SIEW LING MOHANA MURALI A/L KODIVEL NIZARULIKRAM B. 48. 47. 41. 66. 81. 76. 65. CAROLINE ANNE A/P FRANCIS XAVIER MONEY AMBIGA A/P SREENEVASAN TAN ENG CHOONG TAI FOONG LAM HO YING DAT LAWRENCE NIK HISHAM BIN NIK ABD. 64. 70. 61.

19. 31. ABDULLAH EN. EN. 5. KAHAR NAIDU A/L APPANAN GOH NGE SEUNG SAHANI AHMAD ANGELINE CHIN YOKE FONG WONG HUEI NIANG CHUAH JERN ERN NG MAE LIN CLARA YIP CHOON FOONG ONG CHUI KOON AHMAD FAZLI B. 4. SHAHINUDDIN B. RANI CHRISTINA A/P SIVAPIRAGASAM MR. 92.0 10 July 2009 88. 33. 25. 26. 12. 13. 90. NAME 1. AHMAD NORDIN LAW YEW FOO NORUNNUHA BT. 6. 3. A. 18. 15.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. 24. 10. 30. 21. RAHMAN ZUHRI MR. 23. HUSSIN EN. 2. TEL : 03-4270 7555 TEL : 03-4270 1819/03-4270 1820 TEL : 03-7957 2790 TEL : 55135610/2/3 TEL : 03-8736 1953 TEL : 03-5446127 TEL : 03-5446135 TEL : 603 7727 1772 TEL : 03-8070 9513 TEL : 03-5544 6130 TEL : 03-58826094 / 03-5882 1054 TEL : 03-7805 4350 TEL : 03-5544 6131 TEL : 03-7563115 TEL : 03-78048755/017-8865115 TEL : 603-7957 1472 TEL : 603-7957 1472 TEL : 603-7882 0456 TEL : 603-5544 6134 TEL : 03-42703861 TEL : 603-7725 5920 TEL : 03. 20. ALLAN LOO KEAN HUAT MS. 16.8922 2518 TEL : 03-42784580 TEL : 603-7725 5920 TEL : 03-5544 6137 TEL : 03-4105 1751 TEL : 03-3343 7789 TEL : 03-6274 7417 TEL : +603-80683579 TEL : +603-80683579 TEL : 03-4270 1819/03-4270 1820 TEL : 012-3061533 TEL: 03-77253860 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 36 . NAWAWI NOR MARHAMAH BT YAHYA LAW YEW FOO NORHAYATI BT HASSAN RAVIRAJAN A/L NARAYANASAMY TEH TAI YONG LEE WAI SEE TEH CHEE KHENG LIM KENG MUI ADHUNA KAMARUL ARIFFIN NG SHIH SHING TAN SIN SU TELEPHONE NO. LEE YUKE CHIN DESMOND WEE TIAN PENG TITI DOLAI BTE AB. 32. EE TEE GIN EN. 91. 89. 17. MOHAMAD NAWAWI B. 14. S. SHARIFF EN. 9. 27. 28. 11. AMRIL BIN GHAZALI SUSHIL KAUR D/O N. DATUK HJ. 29. 7. 8. MOHD BUSTAMAN B. GURNAM SINGH CHUA AI LIANG RATHIMALAR A/P GRANASUNDRAM FOONG CHENG LEONG BAHARI YEOW TIEN HONG TEL : 03-26988955 TEL : 03-92856331 / 0162215352 / 016-2121095 TEL : 03-2298 7888 TEL : 03-2274 5715 TEL : 03-2161 2330 TEL : 03-2161 2330 SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN NO. 93.T. 22.

NAME 1.0 10 July 2009 PULAU PINANG NO.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. EN. TEL : 604-22 6862 TEL : 604-22 6862 TEL : 04-227 6862 TEL : 604-263 1118 TEL : 04-226 1023 JOHOR DARUL TAKZIM NO. HUANG PETER EN. NAME 1. KHAW HANG MENG EN. EN. TEL : 06-6322888 PERAK DARUL RIDZUAN NO. TEL : 06-282 2008 NEGERI SEMBILAN NO. 5. MAHADEVAN DAVID DEVARAJA TAY YEO KING NORIZAN BTE TARMEZE @ GHAZALI TELEPHONE NO. RICHARD HUANG EN. NAME 1. 4. EN. NAME 1. OOI SIEW TING @ KONG SIEW TING TELEPHONE NO. 3. 2. TEL : 07-224 0981/03-3187 1697 TEL : 016-7459697 TEL : 07-222 8878 MELAKA NO. LEONG WENG KHUAN LIM SWEE EE TELEPHONE NO. 2. TEL : +605-5456627 <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 37 . HO WAI CHEONG TELEPHONE NO. 3. YANG TEK YEH TELEPHONE NO. EN. NAME 1.

0 10 July 2009 APPENDIX IV <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 38 .BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.

BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.0 10 July 2009 APPENDIX IV LOCATION MAPS OF OFFICES OF MyIPO HEAD OFFICE: KUALA LUMPUR <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 39 .

BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1. SABAH BRANCH OFFICE: KUCHING. SARAWAK <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 40 .0 10 July 2009 APPENDIX IV LOCATION MAPS OF OFFICES OF MyIPO BRANCH OFFICE: KOTA KINABALU.

Client Support Services Division Malaysian Biotechnology Corporation Sdn Bhd Level 23 Menara Atlan 161 Jalan Ampang 50450 Kuala Lumpur T: 03 2116 5588 F: 03 2116 5528 E: info@biotechcorp.my <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 41 .0 10 July 2009 CONTACT For further information or clarification.com. please contact: Vice President Facilitation.BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.

BiotechCorp Patent Registration Procedure in Malaysia Version 1.0 10 July 2009 REFERENCE The author acknowledges reference to the following sources in the preparation of this guidance paper: • Patents Act 1983 • Patents Regulations 1986 • Resources made available by the Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia <GP/CSSD/FAC/IP001> 42 .