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Luger P08 pistol

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(Redirected from Luger pistol) Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the Luger pistol. For other meanings of parabellum, see Parabellum (disambiguation).
Luger P08 (Parabellum)

P08 of the German Reichsmarine

Type Place of origin

Semi-automatic pistol German Empire Service history

In service

Germany (1908–1945) Switzerland (1900–early 70s) Other countries (1900–present)

Used by Wars

See Users World War I, Spanish Civil War, World War II, Second SinoJapanese War, Chinese Civil

65x22mm Parabellum 9x19mm Parabellum . Mauser. Vickers. Luger Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken.02 in) Cartridge 7.9-8. 4-inch barrel) .War.75 in (222 mm) 98-203 mm (3.92 lbs (871 grams) 8. Imperial Arsenals of Erfurt and Spandau.45 ACP Action Rate of fire Muzzle velocity Toggle-locked. Others Production history Designer Manufacturer Georg J. Krieghoff. Waffenfabrick Bern Produced 1900–1945 Specifications Weight Length Barrel length 1. short recoil Semi-automatic 350-400 m/s or 1148-1312 f/s (9 mm. Simson.

Luger in 1898 and produced by German arms manufacturer Deutsche Waffen.65x22mm Parabellum. Contents         1 Design details 2 Service 3 Usage today 4 Users 5 Bibliography 6 See also 7 References 8 External links [edit] Design details . popularly[1] known as the Luger. it is notable for being the pistol for which the 9x19mm Parabellum (also known as the 9 mm Luger) cartridge was developed. It would be succeeded and partly replaced by the Walther P38. is a toggle-locked recoil-operated semi-automatic pistol. 32-round detachable drum Sights Iron sights The Pistole Parabellum 1908 or Parabellum-Pistole (Pistol Parabellum). Although the Luger pistol was first introduced in 7.und Munitionsfabriken (DWM) starting in 1900. it was an evolution of the 1893 Hugo Borchardt designed C-93. 4 inch barrel. short barrel) Feed system 8-round detachable box magazine.Effective range 50 m (9 mm. The design was patented by Georg J. The Luger was made popular by its use by Germany during World War I and World War II.

The Luger pistol was manufactured to exacting standards and had a long service life. the toggle strikes a cam built into the frame.Luger P08 cross sectional drawing.30 Luger in North America) and adopted it in 1900 as its standard side arm. literally "rowfire pistols" or "consecutive fire pistols") were conducted. After a round is fired. This results in either the breech block not clearing the top cartridge of the magazine. but the toggle and breech assembly continue moving (bending the knee joint) due to momentum. extracting the spent casing from the chamber and ejecting it. At this point the barrel impacts the frame and stops its rearward movement. experiments with converting various types of pistols to machine pistols (Reihenfeuerpistolen. The Luger pistol was accepted by the German Navy in 1904. . unlike the Mauser C96. as opposed to the slide actions of almost every other semi-automatic pistol. designated Ordonnanzpistole 00 or OP00. This version is known as Pistole 04. The Luger uses a toggle-lock action. This mechanism works well for higher pressure cartridges.[2] In World War I. in 1900. After moving roughly 0. the Luger proved to have an excessive rate of fire in full-automatic mode. as submachine guns were found to be effective in trench warfare. The toggle and breech assembly subsequently travel forward under spring tension and the next round from the magazine is loaded into the chamber.5 in (13 mm) rearward. William "Bill" Ruger praised the Luger's 55 degree grip angle and duplicated it in his . which uses a jointed arm to lock. The Navy model had a 6 inch barrel and a two position (100/200 metre) rear sight. showing the jointed arm in its most bent position.22 LR pistol. Among those the Luger pistol (German Army designation Pistole 08) was examined. [edit] Service The Swiss Army evaluated the Luger pistol in 7. causing the knee joint to hinge and the toggle and breech assembly to unlock. A Luger with breech opened.65x21mm Parabellum (. but cartridges loaded to a lower pressure can cause the pistol to malfunction because they do not generate enough recoil to work the action fully. or becoming jammed open on the cartridge's base. however. which was later manufactured in a selective-fire version (Schnellfeuer) or Reihenfeuerpistolen. the barrel and toggle assembly (both locked together at this point) travel rearward due to recoil. The entire sequence occurs in a fraction of a second.

and with breech opened. including the Colt M1900. and an entry from Mauser. showing the jointed arm in its most bent and locked position The Lange Pistole 08 (German > "Long Pistol Model of 1908") or Artillery Luger was a pistol carbine for use by German Army artillerymen as a sort of early Personal Defense Weapon. though it was being replaced by the Walther P38 starting in 1938. BYF-41. The Pistole 08 (or P. The United States evaluated several semi-automatic pistols in the late 19th century. It was also available in various carbine versions with yet longer barrels. an 8-position tangent rear sight (calibrated to 800 metres) and a shoulder stock with holster.[3] 'Artillery Luger' Lange Pistole 08 with 32 round Trommel-Magazin 08 and removable stock. Later. The firm Armeria Belga of Santiago Chile. a small number were sampled in the then-new. 9x19mm caliber Parabellum Luger Mauser pistol . In 1900 the US purchased 1000 7.08) had a 4-inch barrel and was chambered in 9x19mm Parabellum.38 caliber revolvers in the Philippines and ballistic tests would result in a requirement for still-larger rounds. . Steyr Mannlicher M1894. Field experience with .65 mm Lugers for field trials.08 was the usual side arm for German Army personnel in both world wars. Mauser took over manufacture of the P. In 1930.with the safety on. 1941.08 (until 1943). manufactured the Benke Thiemann retractable stock that could fold out from the grip section. more powerful 9 mm round. The P. It had an 8 inch barrel.In 1908 the German Army adopted the Luger to replace the Reichsrevolver in front-line service. A P-08. It was sometimes used with a 32-round drum magazine (Trommelmagazin 08).

but neither is known to have survived. and for its connection to Imperial and Nazi Germany.45 Luger as manufactured by Mike Krause Although outdated. DWM. Louisiana.545.00 apiece.45 ACP for testing.45 ACP Luger and the Colt Model 1905. and are still in . from a 1907 report on testing In 1906 and 1907. DWM provided two sample Luger pistols chambered in . Savage. Limited production of the P. though the Army did place an order for 200 more samples. Krieghoff announced[4] the continuation of its Parabellum Model 08 line with 200 examples at $17. After initial trials. The Luger was prized by Allied soldiers during both of the World Wars. Thousands were taken home during both wars. At least two pistols were manufactured later for possible commercial or military sales. and one is exhibited at the Norton Gallery. the Luger is still sought after by collectors both for its sleek design and accuracy. [edit] Usage today A recently made accurate reproduction of the later . DWM withdrew for reasons that are still debated.08 by its original manufacturer resumed when Mauser refurbished a quantity of them in 1999 for the pistol's centenary. The other was sold in 2010 and remains in a private collection. More recently. in Shreveport.The . the US Army held trials for a large-caliber semi-automatic. and Colt were asked to provide further samples for evaluation.

In fact. Recently the first serious study on the Post World War II Luger has been published (The Parabellum is Back! 1945 . Hallock & Joop van den Kant (HaKa Arms Publications C0 . Mauser Werke in Oberndorf restarted the production until 1986 when the last commemorative model was produced. Still (Still's Books. Still (Still's Books. in 1945 Mauser set up again the Luger production under the control of the French forces.Analysis of a Million Luger Pistols by Don R. In 1969.2010) [edit] See also  Borchardt C-93 [edit] References .circulation today. 1990) La Luger Artiglieria by Mauro Baudino (Editoriale Olimpia. Colonel David Hackworth mentions in his autobiography that it was still a sought-after sidearm in the Vietnam War.2000 by Mauro Baudino and Gerben van Vlimmeren (Simpson Ltd . 1994) Third Reich Lugers by Jan C. 1988) Weimar Lugers by Jan C.2010) The Mauser Parabellum 1930-1946 . it covers the Luger production from 1945 until 2000.2000). Still (Still's Books. 2004) Luger Mechanical Features by Gerard Henrotin (HLebooks – 2002) The Luger Models by Gerard Henrotin (HLebooks – 2001) The Luger Producers by Gerard Henrotin (HLebooks – 2001) Luger Accessories by Gerard Henrotin (HLebooks – 2003) DWM Luger by Gerard Henrotin (HLebooks – 2001) The Parabellum is Back! 1945 .[5] [edit] Users     o o o   Brazil[6] Bulgaria[7] Finland[8] Germany[9] German Empire[10] Weimar Republic[10] Nazi Germany[10] Portugal[11] Switzerland[8] [edit] Bibliography             Imperial Lugers by Jan C. 1993) Lugers at Random by Charles Kenyon (Hand Gun Press.

Chris (1998). Krause Publications. David (2001). ^ Walter. Equipment. ^ a b Davis. Retrieved 2010-03-02. ISBN 0811702774. Fighting Men of World War II. Metrobooks. ISBN 1853674362. http://books. (2000) ISBN 0-87341-824-7 p. 2004. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II. 2 edition ISBN 0896894118 9. ISBN 0-7607-1022-8. Standard Catalog of Luger. "Military Small Arms of the 20th Century". ^ Bishop. Bernard.I .Armamento Ligeiro. p. ^ Armamento do Exército Português. New York: Orbis Publiishing Ltd. ^ of the Parabellum Luger Artillery and Mauser Parabellum Luger 08 in parts Modern Firearms Bulgarian Luger 08 on GunsTribune The history of the Luger pistol from 1945 until 2000 A Luger-related searchable database with hundreds of photos and values [hide]v · d · e German firearms and light weapons of World War II Mauser C96 · Luger · Walther P38 · Walther PP and PPK · Sauer 38H · Side arms (Pistolen) Mauser HSc · Dreyse M1907 Pistol · Volkspistole Karabiner 98k · G 24(t) · G 33/40(t) · G 98/40 · Gewehr 41 · Gewehr Rifles & carbines (Gewehre & Karabiner) 43/Karabiner 43 · MP 43/MP 44/StG 44 · FG 42 · M30 Luftwaffe drilling · . Ian & Weeks. The Luger Story. ^ Fitzsimons. John. Mário Álvares. ^ Fitzsimons. Salamander Books Ltd. ed (2002). p. p. 100 to 103. 2. 4.krieghoff. Aaron (2006). ISBN 972-8816-43-X [edit] External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: P08 Parabellum         The Million Dollar Luger The Borchardt-Luger History . ^ http://www. and Weapons (Fighting Men of World War II). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Weapons and Warfare (London: Phoebus. Volume 16. 228. p. ^ a b c Bishop. Chris. 6. ISBN 1586637622. p. The Illustrated Directory of 20th Century 5. 10. "Luger". Vol. 369. ^ Miller. Stackpole Books. 11. David. ISBN 1-84065-245-4. Gun Digest Books. 7. 8. 1977). The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II.1. 127. ed. António José Telo.1778. ^ Miller. Greenhill Books. Volume I: Axis Forces--Uniforms.

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