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American Firearms and the Breechblock Mechanism

(taken from the www.guncollectorsclub.com ) For centuries now, the action of different firearms has diversified, providing unique operation systems for the loading of rounds and sealing of the breech. There are many firearms that operate on the breechblock mechanism, most of them being manufactured by important American personalities. In general, firearms action is categorized depending on the energy provided and the breech-lock mechanism. Pictured: Remington Model 90-T Trap Gun The importance of automatic action cannot be denied and there are many firearms that base their functioning on recoil operation. This is the kind of breech-lock mechanism that is used for both semiautomatic and fully-automatic firearms, using the recoil force to offer that energy necessary for operation. There are three main types of recoil operating systems and they all go to demonstrate how far technology has reached. The short-recoil system can be observed in the 1911 model from Colt and also in two of the most popular firearms bearing the Browning name. There is also the long-recoil mechanism, also seen in the automatic shotgun designed by Browning. The third mechanism is inertia, being the least encountered.

It is a known fact that recoil operating systems are primarily intended for auto-loading firearms. There are certain things that must be apprehended about the use of firearms with a breech-lock mechanism, including the fact that the cartridge’s mass has to be in perfect harmony with the firearm’s action. The gun will work at its best when firing with the bullet for which it was optimized. As for the short-recoil operating mechanisms, these can be observed mainly in centerfire automatic pistols, with 9x19 mm caliber. There are major differences between a firearm that operates a long-recoil system and one that functions on a shortrecoil mechanism. In the second case, the most important thing to understand is that the barrel and the sliding bar recoil only a very short interval, afterwards being separated. If the short-recoil mechanism is usually observed in automatic pistols, there are other firearms that use a similar operating system. History recalls the Maxim gun to be one of the first American firearms to use a short-recoil operating system. Later on, this mechanism has also been used for larger weapons, including Browning’s M2 machine gun. As for the long-recoil operating mechanism, these are usually found in shotguns and there are a lot of John Browning’s models that fit that description. The striking difference of the long-recoil operated firearms is represented by the fact that the barrel and the sliding bar are this time seen as a whole,

The 1911 Colt pistol appeared in a time when the firearm production and market were overpopulated with the presence of revolvers. One thing is sure. Also. trying to supply the demand of the United States Government and Armed Forces. The end of the Second World War did not mean an end for the 1911 Colt pistol. It was still used by the United States military in the Korean and Vietnamese War. in both World Wars. an innovative safety spur with a longer grip and also a simplification of the checkering. a small number of firearms being produced in Norway and Argentina. a new improved version being released. The production even went internationally. Various producers have started to come out on the market with similar pistols. Respecting the single-action mechanism and being especially chambered for the powerful 45 ACP cartridge. using the long-recoil operating system was an innovation and it was more than welcomed. the 1911 model was purchased in an incredible amount by the United States Army. you know very well that the first recoil is given by the backward movement of the barrel and the sliding bar. Several manufacturers started to produce it. Today. Remington. the M1911A1 has been replaced by the M9 and there are still many more changes to come.recoiling together. It was not until 1970s that the ever famous short-recoil firearm was replaced with an improved semi-automatic pistol. a great number of shotguns have been made using that operating system and John Browning has managed to become renowned worldwide for his innovations. The modifications consisted of a shorter trigger. The long-recoil operating mechanism was just one of the many innovations that gun was presented with and John Browning managed once more to prove to the entire world that he is an . The end of the First World War brought several changes for the already famous short-recoil 1911 pistol. John Browning has succeeded in turning history around. The 1911 model from Colt was designed by the same John Browning and it was one of the best semi-automatic handguns ever made. while the second is in fact that barrel returning. the demand increasing more and more. it took just another two years for the Navy forces and Marine Corps to adopt it as well. Let’s take a look at some of the most illustrious models that use these two innovative recoi l-operating systems. It was at the start of the 20th century when the famous American gun inventor and designer. Since then. carrying it for protection purposes or also by those who take part in sporting shooting competitions. The M1911 is also used by civilians. The first order included 10000 shotguns and they were sold more quickly than was expected. Even though it was originally produced by Colt. Colt. not to mention during certain Desert Storm operations. After being adopted by the Army in 1911. After it went into mass-production. Remington. When production first started in 1902. As for the automatic shotgun that has made John Browning even more famous. John Browning. Though it may seem incredible. One of the reasons why this handgun has remained so well known is because of the special short-recoil operating system used. the start of the World War I saw the 1911 pistol being produced at the Springfield Armory. including by various military squads and law enforcement agencies. the firearm is still being regarded with great favor. And as you certainly heard about the double recoil seen in long-recoil operating firearms. patented the long-recoil mechanism. not to mention the Korean and the Vietnamese War. Singer and Springfield Armory represent just few of the names that participated in the production of this particular firearm. The demand for the short-recoil operated firearm continued to grow even more with the start of the Second World War. there are many things that can be said. many manufacturers and gun producers of that time copying his invention and trying to implement the short-recoil principles into their own inventions. hoping to prove that quality and reliability represent two golden standards for the American firearm manufacturing industry. this particular firearm was extensively used by the United States Army for over 70 years. the longrecoil operating systems can be observed in the semi-automatic rifles of another famous name of the American firearms industry. he hadn’t the slightest idea of how popular it was going to become and how important it was going to remain for the history of the American firearms.

the Browning machine gun and the automatic shotgun are just three examples of the incredible inventions that man was capable of. He is indeed one of the greatest names of the American firearm history! . developing weapons using both short and long recoil operated systems. The Browning Hi Power.amazing and dedicated gun inventor. He took part in the development of the recoil-operated firearms.