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Antique breech loading Cartridge guns (from 1865-1898

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An antique firearm is, loosely speaking, a firearm designed and manufactured prior to the beginning of the 20th century. The Boer War is often used as a cut-off event, although the exact definition of what constitutes an "antique firearm" varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Antique guns are usually collected because of their historical interest.

Antique firearms can be divided into two types: muzzleloading and cartridge firing. Muzzleloading antique firearms are not generally owned with the intent of firing them (although
original muzzleloaders can be safely fired, after having them thoroughly inspected), but instead are being owned as display pieces or for their historic value. Cartridge firing antique firearms are more commonly encountered as shooting pieces, but most antique cartridge guns made from the 1860s through the 1880s were made with relatively mild steel and were designed to use black powder. They were limited to low bullet velocities and had heavily arcing "rainbow" bullet trajectories. However, advances in steel metallurgy and the advent of mass-produced smokeless powder in the early 1890s gave cartridge rifles of this new era much higher velocities and much flatter trajectories than their predecessors. These advances, typified by cartridges such as 8mm Lebel ( 1886 ), 7x57 Mauser, .303 British, and 7.62x54R made many smokeless powder rifles manufactured in the 1890s quite capable of accurate shooting at long distances. In fact, many antique smokeless powder cartridge guns from the 1890s can still compete satisfactorily in target shooting events alongside modern guns. This article concentrates on antique breech loading cartridge guns from 1865–1898 rather than earlier muzzleloaders. Prior to the late 18th century, there was little standardization with regards to muzzleloading firearms, which sometimes make establishing the provenance of early muzzleloading pieces more difficult than with a later cartridge firing arm.

Pre-Napoleonic
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Blunderbuss Brown Bess Musket Charleville Musket Kentucky Rifle Nock Gun

American Civil War
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Colt 1851 Navy Revolver Colt Army Model 1860 Colt Dragoon Revolver Colt Walker Colt M1861 Navy

         Remington Model 1858 LeMat Revolver Smith & Wesson Model 1 Sharps rifle Spencer rifle Henry rifle Springfield musket Enfield Musket Gorgas machine gun Old West      Coach Gun Colt Lightning Carbine Colt Peacemaker Smith & Wesson No. 3 Revolver[1] Winchester Rifle Prohibition era       Colt Model 1903 Pocket Hammerless Colt M1911 Colt New Service M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle Remington Model 8 Thompson submachine gun Historic military              Enfield 1853 Rifled Musket Snider-Enfield Martini-Henry o Martini-Enfield Lee-Metford Lee-Enfield o Magazine Lee-Enfield o Charger Loading Lee-Enfield o Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mauser Rifle Lebel M1886 Mosin-Nagant Model 1891 Beaumont-Adams Revolver Enfield Mk I/Mk II Revolver Nagant M1895 Webley Revolver Mauser C96 Sporting arms  Elephant Guns .

W&C Scott. Kropatschek. and Winchester. a "Trapdoor" Springfield Model 1873 cavalry carbine from the Custer era. Smith & Wesson[1]. Springfield Armory rifles including the Springfield Model 1873 (commonly called the "Trapdoor" Springfield) and Krag-Jørgensen rifles/carbines. There is also growing interest in military issue "martial" antiques. Martini-Enfield. collectors include: Colt. India. Perrin & Cie. Collectibility Antique cartridge guns are highly sought by collectors and shooters. Smith & Wesson. and Vetterli rifles/carbines. Some brands/makers that are popular with United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations antique gun collectors include: Adams. Chamelot Delvigne. or a well-worn Winchester lever action rifle with its stock studded with American Indian tribal brass tacks. Gebruder Sulzer (Milbank-Amsler). Tranter. Krag-Jørgensen. Émile et Léon Nagant. Rigby. Nepal and Tibet.F. Martini-Henry. and Webley. Levaux. Schmidt-Rubin. J. Le Page. Warnant. Some brands/makers that are popular with U. Savage. Chassepot. J. India.D. Parker. and the United States. Fauré Le Page. Purdey.Orange Free State). Etienne Lebel rifle.577/450 single shot rifle with dozens of successive ordnance marks from England. a Martini-Henry . Tranter.G. and U. Raphael.[2] See also    Robert Adams of London Chassepot Colt's Manufacturing Company . St.. collectors have been known to use the phrase "if this gun could only talk" when they hold a historic piece . Simson & Co.  Cape Guns Buffalo rifles These guns are all seen as reminders of epic expeditions. Schmidt-Rubin. Steyr Waffenfabrique (Mannlicher). Martin & Cie. such as Mauser. Lefaucheux. Fabrica de Durango. Peabody. Martini-Henry. Charles Francois Galand (C. Peabody. pioneering railroad expansions into wilderness areas. Smith & Wesson. Waffenfabrik Bern. Some brands/makers that are popular with antique gun collectors in Europe include: Colt. Mosin-Nagant.S. and of the golden age of big game hunting throughout Africa.guns such as a Boer War era Mauser rifle stamped "OVS" (for Oranje Vrij Staat . and Westley-Richards. There is also interest in military issue antiques such as Albini-Braendlin. Mauser. and the Internet searching for choice specimens. Whitney. and Snider-Enfield rifles/carbines.S. Peabody. Ardent collectors scour gun shows. Colt. Mauser. There is also interest in military issue antiques such as Lee-Metford. To sum up their fascination. Remington.). Webley. Mosin-Nagant. newspaper classified advertising. Merwin Hulbert. Holland & Holland.

                         Holland & Holland Krag-Jørgensen Kropatschek Lebel Lee-Metford Martini-Enfield Martini-Henry Mauser Maxim gun Mosin-Nagant Peabody action James Purdey and Sons Remington Arms John Rigby (company) William Tranter Savage Arms Schmidt-Rubin Smith & Wesson Snider-Enfield Springfield Armory Springfield Model 1873 Steyr Webley Winchester Repeating Arms Company Firearms External links                 The Pre-1899 Antique Guns FAQ by James Wesley Rawles UK Home Office Guidance to the Police on Antique Guns NRA (UK) White Paper on Controls on Firearms UK Home Office Obsolete Calibers List Regulations Prescribing Antique Firearms. Vol. shooting and restoring antique pinfire guns [1] . No. 132. 20 Canadian National Firearms Association Web Page on Antique Firearms Laws Savage99.com Martini-Henry Rifles and Carbines The Colt Collector's Association Mosin-Nagant.net The Smith & Wesson Collector's Association The Winchester Arms Collector's Association The Mauser Bolt Action Rifles FAQ by James Wesley Rawles Gewehr 1888 Collecting. Canada Gazette Part II.