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Title

Author

Mixed suspension system for a half car vehicle model

Alessandro Giua, Carla Seatzu, Giampaolo Usai

Optimum design of a passive suspension subjected to ac random road excitationtual

J.A . Tamboli , S.G .Joshi

Analytical description and optimization of dynamic behaviour of passively suspended vehicle Development of Scooter Suspensions for Comfort Optimization

M. Gobbi and G. Mastinu M. Marcacci, C. Limone, P. Bruttini, F. Caratelli and W. Rosellini

Analysis of Passive Suspension System using MATLAB, Simulink and SimScape

Kiran Antony

Wheelbase filtering and automobile suspension tuning for minimising motions in pitch R. S. Sharp

Estimation of Wheel Loads using a Mathematical Model and Correlation with Vehicle Measurements on Motorcycles

Sivakumar Balakrishnan , Chandan B. Chavan, Karthikeyan Srinivasan, Ravi Kharul, Rakesh Chandra

Frequency-domain method for evaluating the Vittore Cossalter, Alberto Doria, ride comfort of a motorcycle Stefano Garbin and Roberto Lot

Model Quarter-car model two degree of freedom model for half the vehicle Quarter Car model 4 degree of freredom model Quarter model half-car model using Autosim 4dof Half-car model in simulink .

Random road excitation was applied to the model with identical front and rear excitation but with important time delay between the two excitations included in the calculations. studied the effect of the vehicle velocity on the RMSAR .Work Design of mixed suspension system. compared the RMSAR of a vehicle subjected to actual road excitation with that predicted using the formulated equation for the PSD.Comparison with actual experimental data is done. Suspension relative displacement (Working space) and sprung mass acceleration( discomfort) Defined various parameters involved in analysis of four degree of freedom model .. then the equations of motion are linearized and the analysis is carried out in the frequencydomain . Using Autosim A half-car model is analysed. spring sti!ness and damping) are derived either symbolically and/or numerically. Simulink blocks and Simscape is built.e. An optimization process based on Multi Objective Programmin (MOP). minimised the RMSAR from a ride comfort point of view. The vehicle model in Simulink was subjected to the same input displacement as the two-poster rig and simulation was carried out. formulated an equation for the excitation PSD. Analyitcal model using MATLAB code . tyre radial sti!ness. Numerical study of motorcycle comfort in the ride range using the frequency-domain method.At a givenspeed.Analyses for standard deviation in verticasl force(road holding). the steady-state configuration of the vehicle is evaluated using the full nonlinear model.The optimal settings of the relevant vehicle suspension parameters (i.

pitchangle and accelerations at different locations on the frame. for this. 2S-PSD). Simulink and Simscape software were similar and results obtained were same.exactly where in the range is case dependent A 4-degree of freedom system vehicle model was created and used for estimation of the sprung and unsprung forces. the optimal suspension parameters (sti!ness and damping) have to be set within well-de"ned ranges which have been derived (numerically) in the paper. The model predicted poor ride comfort for the modified suspension characteristics. Two different road irregularity spectra have been considered( 1SPSD. But building thesuspension model using SimScape was much easier when compared with MATLAB code or The decoupled configuration with I y = Mb · a ·b continues to be a useful basis for examining and explaining the mechanics involvedfrequency for which the pitch response is minimised lies between the two half-car dyeigenfrequencies. . MATLAB. . road holding and working space.The estimated values of the model were found to be close enough to be used at the model were found to be close enough to be used at the concept design stage.Simulations showed that these constraints are active only when the system state is far from the An optimisation technique has been suggested for minimising the RMSAR of the vehicle suspension system The e}ect of vehicle velocity and wheelbase on the RMSAR has been studied and RMSAR is found proportional to the vehicle velocity and inverselyproportional to its wheelbase.Conclusion constraint on the total forces bounds the acceleration on the sprung masses so as to ensure the comfort of passengers and to reduce the risk of loss of contact between between wheels and road. The proposed method is very fast and makes it possible to define a numeric comfort index that depends on the characteristics of the suspensions and can be used for optimization purposes. A theoretically rigorous method based on MultiObjective Programming and Monotonocity analysis is aplied to find the best trade-off for conflicting performance indices such as discomfort.