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This lesson consists of providing you with a basic review of the formulas from geometry you will most likely encounter in algebra (and other math classes like trigonometry and calculus). This is NOT a detailed, formal lesson.
Formulas and concepts covered include:
Angles (complementary & supplementary)
Triangles (perimeter and area)
Isosceles triangle
Equilateral triangle
Right triangle
The Pythagorean Theorem
Similar triangles
Perimeter and area formulas for Quadrilaterals (square, rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid). Some diagonal formulas too, where applicable.
Circles (radius, diameter, circumference, area)
Cube (diagonal of face, diagonal of cube, surface area and volume)
Rectangular box [or Rectangular Parallelepiped] (diagonal of box, surface area and volume)
Prisms (Volume)
Pyramids (Volume)
Cone (slant height, lateral surface area, total surface area, volume)
Cylinder (lateral surface area, total surface area, volume)
Sphere (surface area and volume)

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A Self-Tutorial

by

Professional Mathematics Tutor

FORMULAS FROM

GEOMETRY

Copyright © 2006

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information

storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing of the author.

E-mail may be sent to: Luis-Ast@VideoMathTutor.com

This document is intended to present typical formulas from geometry.

Students in algebra or calculus (or other higher math classes) will

encounter them when doing word problems. This is NOT meant as a

formal, detailed lesson in geometry, just an informal review. No examples

of the use of the formulas are given, although a few more details will be

provided on the video version of this Lesson.

ANGLES

F Two angles are Complimentary Angles if the sum of the measures of

their angles is 90°.

α + β = 90°

α β

their angles is 180°.

α + β = 180°

α β

L …

In the following formulas, height is also called altitude.

TRIANGLES

s1 s2

Perimeter: P = s1 + s2 + s3

s3 <Add the lengths of all 3 sides>

2

h = height b = base

h

Area:

b

F An Isosceles Triangle has two sides that are of the same length.

Y The sum of the measures of the interior angles of any triangle is 180°.

β

α + β + γ = 180°

α γ

90°

F The Pythagorean Theorem states: For any right triangle, the sum of

the squares of the lengths of the legs is equal to the square of the length of

the hypotenuse.

hypotenuse

leg

leg

OR…

3

c

a

integers that make the Pythagorean equation true:

a b c

3 4 5

5 12 13

7 24 25

8 15 17

9 40 41

b e

a d

f

c

QUADRILATERALS

(Four-sided figures)

Y Square:

s

s = side d = diagonal

s d s d=

Perimeter: P = 4s

s

4

s Area:

Y Rectangle: l

l = length w = width d = diagonal

w d w

l Perimeter: P = 2l + 2w

w Area:

Y Parallelogram:

b b= base s = slant height

s s Perimeter: P = 2b + 2s

b

h = height

h Area:

Y Trapezoid:

s2

s1 s3 Perimeter: P = s1 + s2 + s3 + s4

<Add the lengths of all 4 sides>

s4

5

b2 b1 = first base b2 = second base

h = height

h

Area:

b1

b = base

h1 h2 Area:

360°.

β

γ

α + β + γ + δ = 360°

α

CIRCLES

r d

Diameter: d = 2r Circumference: C = 2πr

or C = πd

6

r Area:

π 3.14159265358979323846264338327950288419716939937510…

circumference of a circle.

SOLID FIGURES

Y Cube:

s = side of cube d = diagonal of face

D = diagonal of cube

D

d

s Surface Area:

Volume:

h d = diagonal of box

d

w Surface Area: SA = 2( w + wh + h)

7

h

Volume:

h

Volume:

h = height A = Area of the base

h Volume:

r = radius

s

h

r not counting the area of base):

8

Total Surface Area:

or

Volume:

r = radius h = height

h

Total Surface Area:

h Volume:

9

Y Sphere:

r = radius

r Surface Area:

r Volume:

END OF LESSON

10

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