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# 2 1 Expand

1 x in ascending powers of x up to and including the term in x 2 and state 2+ x the range of values of x for which the expansion is valid. 

## (2r + 1)(2r + 3) = 3(2n + 3) .

r =1

 

(2r + 1)(2r + 3) .
r =1

(i)

Show that n 2 4n + 5 = (n a) 2 + b , where a and b are constants to be determined.  Show that

(ii)

(
N n =3

n 2 + 1 n 2 4n + 5 = N 2 + 1 + ( N 1)2 + 1 5 2. 

(iii) Without the use of a graphic calculator, deduce that the sum in (ii) is strictly less than 2 N + 1. 

4 b

S
2

y = x3 + 1

R
O

(i)

The diagram above shows the curve with equation y = x + 1. Given that the two shaded areas R and S have the same value, find the value of b.  Find the volume of the solid generated when S is rotated completely about the x-axis.  [Turn over

(ii)

## DHS 2010 Year 6 H2 Math Preliminary Examination

3 5 With respect to the origin O, the position vectors of three points A, B and C are given b 2 3 by OA = 3 , OB = 7 and OC = 5 . a 1 2 (i) Find the values of a and b if A, B and C are collinear.  (ii) If given instead that OA is perpendicular to OB , find a relationship between a

and b. Furthermore, if angle AOC is 60 , find possible values for a and b, giving your answers correct to the nearest integer. A student claimed that since angle AOC is 60 , angle BOC must be 30 . Without performing any calculation, state, with a reason, whether his claim is necessarily true. 

(a)

Find

et dt . (1 + 3et ) 2
d tan( x 2 ) ) . Hence find ( dx



(b)

Write down

x sec ( x ) dx.
3 2 2



(c)

Evaluate

4 0

## x 2 x 3 dx without the use of the graphic calculator.



(i)

Explain whether the following statement is always true: If z = x + yi, x, y , is a root of the equation
P( z ) = an z n + an 1 z n 1 + + a1 z + a0 = 0, n + , then z = x yi is also a root.  Solve the equation z 4 + 3 + i = 0, expressing the roots in the form rei , where

(ii)

## r > 0 and < .

(iii) Show the roots on an Argand diagram.

##   

(iv) The points representing the roots in (iii) form a quadrilateral. Find the area of

this quadrilateral.

[Turn over
DHS 2010 Year 6 H2 Math Preliminary Examination

4 8

The diagram shows a hexagon PQRSTU inscribed in a circle with radius 6 cm. The sides QR and UT are parallel, and QR = UT = 2 x cm . Q 2x R

2x

(i) (ii)

Show that A, the area of the hexagon PQRSTU, is 2 ( 6 + x ) 36 x 2 cm 2 .  Using differentiation, find the value of x when A is maximum. (You need not verify that it gives a maximum value.)



Initially x = 6 cm, and the lengths of the parallel sides QR and UT are each decreasing 1 at a constant rate of cm s 1. Find the rate of change of A at the instant when 10 x = 2 cm.  1 [ Area of a trapezium = sum of the lengths of the parallel sides height ] 2
9 (a)

(i) (ii)

Show that

## d 2 y dy dy = 1 . dx 2 dx dx Find the Maclaurins series for y up to and including the term in x 2 .

 

(iii) Verify that the same result is obtained if the standard series expansions for e x and ln(1 + x) are used.  (b)

Given that x is sufficiently small for x3 and higher powers of x to be neglected, and that 10 tan x 3 = cos 2 x , form a quadratic equation in x and hence find the value of x, leaving your answer in exact form. 

[Turn over
DHS 2010 Year 6 H2 Math Preliminary Examination

5 10 (a)

## The curve C has parametric equations

x = e cos , y = sin + cos , 0

(i)

## Show that the equation of the tangent at

y=e

. 4 3 3 +1 e6 , is given by 2 2

(ii)

1  . 2 Show that the area bounded by the curve C and the x-axis can be
6x+

expressed as

4 0



(b)

A ( 2, 2 ) .

y
x=2

A ( 2, 2 )

## Sketch, on separate diagrams, the graphs of

(i) (ii)

y = f '( x),

 

y=

1 , f(x )

showing clearly all relevant asymptotes, intercepts and turning point(s), where possible.

[Turn over
DHS 2010 Year 6 H2 Math Preliminary Examination

6 11 (a)

(b)

A geometric series has first term a. Find the range of values of a if the sum to 1 infinity of the series is .  2 1 The rth term of a series is given by Tr = 2 r + ln 32 r. Find the sum of the first N 3 terms.  Jon wants a gigantic cake prepared for his mothers birthday. The cake is to 9 consist of 5 layers, where each layer has a square base with length that is of 10 the layer beneath it and a constant height of h units. The cost of the cake is proportional to its volume and the largest layer costs \$200.
(i)

(c)

Given that the largest layer has length a units, find the cost of the whole cake, rounded to the nearest dollar.  Jon also wants candles to be placed at each layer such that the total number of candles used is 75. If the largest layer has d2 candles and each subsequent layer has d candles less than the one directly below, find the number of candles placed at the top layer. 

(ii)

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