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Is 9404:2002

Indian Standard IDENTIFICATION OF PIPELINE USED IN THERMAL POWER PLANTS COLOUR CODE (First Revision)
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ICS 01.070; 23.040.01; 27.100

0 BIS 2002

BUREAU
MANAK

OF
BHAVAN,

INDIAN

STANDARDS
ZAFAR MARG

9 BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI 110002

August 2002

PriceGroup

Boilers and Pressure Vessels Sectional Committee, ME 01

FOREWORD This Indian Standard (First Revision) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards, after the draft finalized by the Boilers and Pressure Vessels Sectional Committee had been. approved by the Mechanical Engineering Division Council. This standard was first published in 1979. To bring it in line with the work practices followed in the industry, this revision has become necessary. Lack of uniformity of colour coding of pipeline used in thermal power plants has otlen been responsible for destruction of property and injury to personnel due to faulty manipulations of valves, particularly when outside agencies, iike fire-fighting squads, are called in. Uniformity of colour marking promotes greater safety, lessens the chances of error and warns against the hazards involved in the handling of material inside the pipelines. The following colour codes have also been published: IS 2049:1978 IS 2376:1963 IS 2379:1990 IS 2479:1981 IS 3933:1966 IS 4379:1981
IS 6753:1972

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Colour code for the identification of wrought steels for general engineering purposes
(/irst revision)

Colour code for the identification of copper and copper alloys Colour code for the identification of pipelines @st revision) Colour code for the identification of aluminium and aluminium alloys for general purposes (second revision) Colour code for the identification of gas cylinders and related equipment intended for medical use Identification of the contents of industrial gas cyiinders @rst revision) Code for identification of aircraft pipelines

The colour code for identi@ing pipeline is already available in IS 2379:1990. However it is found necessary to amplify the usage and provide some additional media in this standard in the context of power plants. For example treated water given in IS 2379: 1990 has been narrowed down to demineralised water in this standard in view of the availability of other codes already that is IS 2379: 1990 for soft water, boiler feed water and fiItered water. While carrying out this revision it has been ensured that there is no conflict between this standard and IS 2379:1990. The composition of the Committee responsible for the formulation of this standard is given in Annex B.

Is 9404:2002

Indian Standard
IDENTIFICATION OF PIPELINE USED IN THERMAL POWER PLANTS COLOUR CODE

(First Revision)
1 SCOPE

This standard recommends a colour code for the identification of major pipelines used in thermal power plants. Piping integral with the boilers is not covered in this standard. The standard may also be used for other industrial boiler applications as far as possible. 2 REFERENCE The following standard contain provisions, which through reference in this text constitutes provision of this standard. At the time of publication, the edition indicated was valid. All standards are subject to revision, and parties to agreements based on this standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent edition of the standard indicated below: IS No.
5:1994 Title

colour and a colour band superimposed on it, The ground colour is kept same for a particular group of fluid, for example, water, steam, oil, gas. Further identification is achieved by means of applying colour bands which varies from one fluid to another although belonging to the same group of fluids. The shades indicated in this standard are as specified in 1S 5. 5.2 Ground Colour The ground colour identifies the basic nature of the fluid carried (see Fig. 1) and also distinguishes one fluid from another, for example, water from oil. 5.3 Colour Band Colour band is superimposed on the ground colour (see Fig. 2) to distinguish: a) one kind or condition of a fluid from another kind or condition of the same fluid, for example, condensate from boiler feed, chilled water from drinking water, or one fluid from another but belonging to the same group, for example, natural gas from other fuel gases or furnace oil from lubricating oil.

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Colours for ready mixed paints and enamels ~ourth revision) b)

TERMINOLOGY
of Pipelines

3.1 Identification

A scheme consisting of a colour code or lettering or a combination of both intended for the identification of the contents of the pipelines. 3.2 Hazard Risk involved to life, health or property due to the poisonous nature or combustibility or other causes of dangerous substances. 3.2 Lettering Painting, labelling, stenciling or otherwise indicating the contents of a pipeline. 4 PAINTS
4.1 Appropriate quality of paints conforming to relevant Indian Standards, wherever they exist, shall be used for colour marking.

5.4 Colour Coding Scheme A scheme for colour coding of pipelines is given in Annex A. However where a pipe is lagged, colours may be painted on the insulation casings. 6 APPLICATION
6.1 Ground CoIour 6.1.1 Colours as given in Annex A shall be appl ied in one of the following ways:

a) b)

c)

Throughout the entire length (see Fig. IA); As a colour coating of adequate length but in no case less than 300 mm, so that it is not mistaken for a colour band (see Fig. 1B); or As a colour panel.

4.2 It is recommended that the paint used shall produce a glossy finish. 5 IDENTIFICATION 5.1 The system of colour coding consist of a ground
1

6.1.2 However for the following media (see Annex A), the ground colours shall be applied throughout the entire length of pipeline: Boiler feed water, drains, steam, air, oils, gaslines, tire installations.

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Is 9404:2002

ANNEX A (Clauses 5.4,6.1.1


COLOUR

and 6.1.2)
USED

CODING FOR IDENTIFICATION OF PIPELINES IN THERMAL POWER PLANTS .-. Ground Co[our First Colour Band

Contents Wuter

Second Colour Band

Untreated/Raw/Service Condensate Soft Water Demineralised Water Boiler Feed Water Cool ing Water Drinking Water Chilled Water Drains Blow down Waste Water Fire Water
Steam

Sea Green Sea Green Sea Green Sea Green Sea Green Sea Green Sea Green Sea Green Sea Green Sea Green Sea Green Fire Red Aluminiuml) Aluminiuml) AluminiumlJ Sky Blue Sky Blue Light Brown Light Light Light Light Brown Brown Brown Brown

White Light Brown Light Brown Light Orange Gulf Red French Blue French Blue Black Canary Yellow Canary Yellow Canary Yellow Crimson Red Signal Red French Blue Canary Yellow French Blue Silver Grey

Signal Red

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Signal Red CanaryYellow Light Orange Dark Violet Signal Red

Main/Auxiliary/Bled Reheat Exhaust/Vent


Air

Instrument Service/Plant
Oils

High Speed Diesel Oil Light Diesel oil Furnace/Heavy Oil Lubricating Oil Transformer Oil Hydraulic Power
Gas

Light Brown Canary Yellow Canary Yellow Canary Yellow White White French Blue Dark Admiralty Grey Dark Admiralty Grey

Brilliant Green French Blue Light Grey Light Orange Dark Violet

Natural Gas Other Fuel Gases/LNG Hydrogen


Others

Signal Red Signal Red

French Blue

Vacuum Pulverised Coal Ash Chemical Feed Naphtha


l) A[unlinium

Black Light Brown Black

iS to be used only in cases where the

pipes are not already clad with aluminium sheets.

Is 9404:2002

ANNEX B (JOrewOd)
COMMITTEE COMPOSITION

Boilers and Pressure Vessels Sectional Committee, ME 01


Orgarriza?ion Representative(s)

Central Boilers Board, New Delhi In personalcapacity, (26, A4anak Vihar, New Alstom Power Boilers Ltd, Durgapur Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd, Hyderabad Bharat Heavy Plates and Vessels Ltd, Vkakhapatnam Central Electricity Arrthorily,New Delhi Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CSIR), Durgapur Chief Inspector of Boilers, Chennai Departmentof Atomic Energy, Mumbai Department ofExplosives, Nagpur Dkectorate Generrdof Factory Advises, Service and LabourInstitute, Mumbai Development ConsultantsPvt. Ltd, Kolkata Engineers IndiaLtd, New Delhi IndkmBoiler Manufai%nem Association,Mumbai Indian 011Corporation Ltd, Mumbai IndianRegister of ShippingjMumbai Industrial BoilemLtd, Mumbai Larsen & Toubro Ltd, Mumbai Lloyds Register Industrial Services(I) Ltd, Mumbai National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd, Noida 011Industries Safety Dkectorate, New Delhi Projects & Development India Ltd, Noida Thermax Ltd, Pune The Anup Engineering Ltd, Ahmedabad Welding Research Institute, Tiruchirapalli BIS Directorate Generrd
Delhi)

V. K. GOEL (Chairman) SHRI (Memafe) Smu R. K. MALHOTRA


SHRIM. G. K. ~0

SHIU IUr@wT. YAVAGAL SHIU P. K. PAL(Alternate)


SrrroE. DORAKANNU SmuR. P. GOEL(Alternate)

Smu c. sor@swARA RAo


(Alternate) SmuCm RAMANAIAH

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SmuJ. P. KARDAM SINGH (Alternate) SmuMOrnNOER R. SAMAODAR SW F.


SEEU A. K. BANDOPADHYAY (Alternate)

DrJRAI Ssnu K. THAMBI (Alternate) SHIU K. RAGONATH M. H. P. RAO SHRI ENGINSER SG (Alternate)
OFEXPLOSIVES @lEF CONTROLLER SHRI V. L. KATHANE Smr P. K. SAXENA (Alternate)

SARXAR SmrrDIPAKK Smr H. K. SENGIJkTA(Alternate) SmuK. P. SOMWMI (Alternate) SmuA. K. MEHROTRA


Smu M. S. W.mM

sHruu.s. PRAsAD
SmuR. K. SmrmwAL (Alternate)
Srut H. K. JANEIA Smu S. KurwuL(Altemate) Smu R. N. ENGINEER SMTD. B. BALDAWALA (Alternate)
MURTHY Smu M. S. KRISHNA Smu B. J. SHNENOY (Alternate)

SHN J.N. GOSWAMY

SmuB. S.ARAswA_r (Alternate)


MUD. K. JAIN W-auP. K. DEV (Alternate) Smu D.P. DHALL

Smr K. R. SOM(Alternate)
Smu A. K. GLIPTA (Alternate) Sswu P. K. GHOSH .%ruG. S. DESHPANDE Smu J. H. JANGADA (Alternate) Smo P. G. SHAH

SmuD. P. PATSL(Alternate) Sm+rH. DATMR.AJAN SmuM.L.CHOPRA, Director& Head (MED) ~epresenting Director General (Ex-oflcio)]

Smu P.VENXATFWARA RAo Joint Director (MED), BIS


5

Bureau of Indian Standards 131S is a statutory institution established under the Bureau harmonious development of the activities of standardization, and attending to connected matters in the country. Copyright BIS has the copyright of all its publications. No part of these publications may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. This does not preclude the free use, in the course of implementing the standard, of necessary details, such as symbols and sizi%, type or grade designations. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director (Publications), BIS. Review of Indian Standards Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis periodically; a standard along with amendments is reaffirmed when needed; if the review indicates that changes are needed, it is taken should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments <BIS Catalogue and Standards: Monthly Additions, This Indian Standard has been developed of comments. Standards are also reviewed such review indicates that no changes are up for revision. Users of Indian Standards or edition by referring to the latest issue of of Indian Standards Act, 1986 to promote marking and quality certification of goods

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from Doc : No. ME 01 (0566).

Amendments Amend No.

Issued Since Publication Date of Issue Text Affected

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