# Lesson Planning Sheet Title: Trigonometry - Lengths Learning Objectives: By the end of the lesson: All students should

be able to calculate the length of a right angled triangle using the Sine and Cosine functions. Most students should be able to calculate the length of a right angled triangle using the Sine, Cosine and Tangent functions.  Some students should be able to calculate the length of a polygon edge by considering its right-angled triangular components. Keywords: Trigonometry, Sine, Cosine, Tangent, Theta, Opposite, Hypotenuse, Adjacent   Learning Activities Starter/Introduction Students review calculating the length of right-angled triangles using Pythagoras’ Theorem. The line AG forms part of a right angled triangle AGC. However, since only GC is known another right angled triangle, ABC needs to be used so that AC can be calculated. It is important for students to create two dimensional representations of these triangles by using the vertices as points of reference. Have solutions presented on mini-whiteboards for assessment and feedback. Development Demonstrate that to calculate the length of side XY we must first identify the necessary trigonometric function by labelling the edges in respect of the angle. Since the hypotenuse has been given and we want to calculate the opposite we use the sine function since both Cos and Tan both require the adjacent side. Set up the equation as shown in the diagram. From this point it is simply a matter of rearranging the equation to find the length of the opposite side. Use a similar method to the above when demonstrating the remaining questions on the second slide. Use the interactive Excel file to generate similar problems for the students to practise from. Have the class use mini-whiteboards in order to assess their progress. At this point students should be able to work through the problems on the third slide independently. When different orientations are given it may be necessary to remind the class that the hypotenuse is opposite the right angle. Plenary The plenary challenges students to apply trigonometry to calculate the perpendicular height of a trapezium. They should consider the trapezium as a compound shape made up from a rectangle and right angled triangle. Have the class attempt this on mini-whiteboards for assessment and feedback. Differentiation More able:  Students could consider applying trigonometry to problems given in a real life context, such as, bearings. Less Able  Students may benefit from using the sin and cosine functions one lesson and moving on to all three functions in the next. Resources: Mini-Whiteboards Calculators Interactive Excel File