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National Building Code PD 1906

Chapter 1: General Provisions - Safe construction - Adequate environmental safeguards - Maintain building in safe, sanitary and good working conditions Chapter 2: Administration and Enforcement - Enforced by sec. of Public Works *Building Official enforce NBC in their jurisdiction duties of issuing building permits Section 206. QUALIFICATIONS OF BUILDING OFFICIAL 1. A Filipino citizen and Good Moral Character 2. Duly registered Architect or Civil Engineer 3. Member of Accredited organization of not less than 2 years 4. At least 5 years diversified experience in building design and construction Section 209. Exemptions of Bldg. Permit 1. Public Buildings 2. Traditional Indigenous Family Dwellings native materials Cost doesnt exceed P15,000 Section 212. Administrative Fines maximum of P10,000 Section 213. Penal Provisions (corp. or firm) maximum of P20,000 or imprisonment not more than 2 years Chapter 3: Permits and Inspection Section 302. Application for Permits Requirements 1. A description of work to be covered by the permit 2. Description and ownership of the lot TCT 3. The use or occupancy of proposed work 4. Estimated cost of proposed work *with 5 sets of plans & specifications min. Section 304. Issuance of Bldg. Permit 15 days upon payment Section 305. Validity of Building Permits Null & Void not commenced in a period of 1 year Abandoned work for 120 days Section 306. Non-Issuance, Suspension & Revocation 1. Errors found in plans & specifications 2. Incorrect or inaccurate data supplied 3. Non-compliance with the provisions of the code (NBC) Section 307. Appeal Filing 15 days from suspension/non-issuance

Section 309. Certificate of Occupancy. Bldg. Official issues Certificate of Occupancy 30 days after final inspection & submittal of Certificate of Completion Chapter 4: Types of Construction (Section 401) Type I Wood Construction Type II Wood Construction w/ fire resistant materials (1 hr. fire resistive) Type III Masonry & Wood Const. (1 hr. fire resistive) Type IV Steel, Iron, Concrete or Masonry Construction Type V Fire Resistive Chapter 5: Requirements for Fire Zones Section 501. Fire Zones areas within which only certain types of buildings are permitted to be constructed based on their use or occupancy, type of construction High Restrictive Fire Zone located partly in one (1) fire zone and partly in another - or 1/3 of its floor area is located in such zone Chapter 6: Fire-Resistive Requirements in Construction Section 601. Fire Resistive Rating the which a material can withstand fire Section 602. Fire Resistive Time Period Rating 1 hr, 2 hrs, 3 hrs, etc. Chapter 7: Classification & General Requirement of all Buildings by Use or Occupancy Section 701. Occupancy Classified Group A Residential Dwellings Group B Residentials, Hotels, Apartments (Multiple Dwellings) Group C Education & Recreation (school or day-care purposes) Group D Institutional Div. 1 Personal liberties are restrained. Ex. Mental Hospitals, jails, etc. Div. 2 Nursing Homes for non-ambulatory patients Div. 3 Nursing homes for ambulatory patients Group E Business & Mercantile Div. 1 Gasoline Filling Station Div. 2 Wholesale & Retail Stores Div. 3 Aircraft Hangars Group F Industrial ice plants, power plants, etc Group G Storage & Hazardous storage, hazardous & highly flammable materials Group H Assembly other than I Div. 1 Assembly w/ stage and occupant load < 1000 Div. 2 Assembly w/o stage and occupant load 300 or more Div. 3 Assembly Bldg. w/o stage and occupant of < 300 Div. 4 Stadia, reviewing Stands Amusement Parks (not 1,2,3) Group I Assembly Occupant Load 1000 or more Group J Accessory Div. 1 Private garages, carports, sheds Div. 2 Fences over 1.80m high, tanks, towers

Section 704. Location on Property eaves over required windows not < 750mm. minimum over from the side & rear property lines sum of areas of openings must not exceed 50 % of sum of areas of walls Section 708. Minimum Requirements for Group A Dwellings Lot Occupancy Sanitation Foundation Floor Corner Lot 90% Inside Lot 80% *at least 2m from property line At least one (1) sanitary toilet & adequate washing & drainage Footings 250mm thick & 600mm below ground Live Load 1st Floor 200 kilograms per sq.m 2nd Floor 150 kilograms per sq.m *minimum Wind Load 120 min. kilograms per sq.m for vertical projections Clear width 750mm Rise 200mm Run 200mm At least 1 entrance & 1 exit

Roof Stairs Entrance & Exit

Chapter 8: Light & Ventilation Section 804. Size & Dimensions of Courts - min. horizontal dimension not < 2.00m - inner courts shall be connected to a street or yard, or by a passageway 1.20m min. Section 805. Ceiling Heights *Habitable Rooms a. Natural Ventilation min of 2.70m Artificial Ventilation (min.) 1st storey 2.70m 2nd storey 2.40m 3rd storey 2.10m b. Mezzanine min. of 1.80m Section 806. Size and Dimension of Rooms *Minimum 1. Rooms for Human Habitations 6 sq.m w/ at least dimension of 2m (2x3m) 2. Kitchens 3 sq.m w/ a least dimension of 1.5 (1.5x2m) 3. Bath & Toilet 1.20 sq.m w/ at least of 0.90m (0.90x1.3m) Section 807. Air Space Requirements in Determining the Size of Rooms *Minimum 1. School Rooms 3.00 cu.m w/ 1.00 sq.m of floor area per person 2. Workshops, Factories, Offices 12.00 cu.m of air space per person; 3. Habitable rooms 14.00 cu.m of air space per person.

Section 808. Window Openings at least 10% of floor area (not provided w/ artificial ventilation system) Section 809. Vent Shafts a. Ventilation or vent shafts horizontal cross-sectional area not < 0.10 sq.m per meter height of shaft b. Air Ducts 0.30 sq.m w/ at least dimension of 300mm Section 811. Artificial Ventilation *Minimum Reqts in Air Changes 1. Office, Administrative purposes not < 3 changes of air per hour 2. Bakeries, Hotel, Restaurants, Kitchens not < 10 changes of air per hour 3. Auditoriums, Assembly purposes not < 0.30 cu.m of air per minute 4. Wards, Dormitories of Institutional Bldgs. not < 0.45 cu.m of air per minute, supplied each person Chapter 10: Building Projection over Public Street Section 1002. Projection into Alleys or Streets a. Footings at least 2.40m below grade along national roads, may project not > 300mm beyond Property line. b. Foundations not < 600mm below the grade, may encroach 500mm into public sidewalk areas Section 1003. Projection of Balconies and Appendages Width of Streets Balconies Total Projections Over 3m but < 6m With balconies .60m 6m to < 10m .90m 10m to < 11m 1m 11m to < 12m 1.10m 12m to < 13m 1.30m 13m to < 14m 1.40m 14m or over 1.50m Section 1004. Arcades - Min. of 3.00m above the established sidewalk grade Section 1005. Canopies (Marquees) a. Definition a permanent roofed structure above a door attached to and supported by the building and projecting over a wall or sidewalk b. Projection & Clearance outermost edge of the marquee and the curb line shall be not < 300mm, vertical clearance bet pavement or GL & undersurface of marquee shall not < 3.00m c. Construction incombustible materials not < 2 hrs fire-resistive Section 1006. Movable Awnings or Hoods a. Definition a movable shelter supported from an exterior wall of a bldg. w/c can be retracted, folded, collapsed against the face of a supporting bldg. b. Clearance Awning to curb line not < 300mm Vertical Clearance (undermost surface of the awning or GL) not < 2.40m

Section 1007. Doors, Windows not < 2.40m above pavement or GL shall not, when fully opened, project beyond PL except fire exit doors Section 1008. Corner Bldgs. with Chaflans a. Public Street or alley < 3.60m in width shall be truncated at the corner Chaflan b. If arcaded bldg, no chaflan reqtd notwithstanding the width of public street, < 12.00m Chapter 11: Protection of Pedestrians during Construction or Demolition Section 1105. Walkway a. Temporary walkway 1.20m wide (during construction b. Capable of supporting a uniform live load of 650 kg per sq.m Section 1106. Pedestrian Protection a. Railings street side of the sidewalk at least 1m in height b. Fences not < 2.40m above grade c. Canopies 2.40m above the railway, live load 600 kg per sq.m. Section 1107. Maintenance and Removal of Protective Devices a. Removal protective fence or canopy shall be removed 30 days after protection no longer required. Chapter 12: General Design & Construction Requirements Section 1202. Excavation, Foundation, and Retaining Walls a. Excavation and Fills 1. Excavation made on public property - restored immediately to its former conditions w/in 48 hrs Section 1203. Veneer a. Definition nonstructural facing brick, concrete, tile, metal, etc. attached at the backing or structural components for the purpose of ornamentation. Section 1204. Enclosure of Vertical Openings a. Elevator Enclosures Escalator draft curtain at least 200mm on all sides Automatic Sprinklers provided around perimeter of the opening w/in 600mm of draft curtain. Distance bet sprinklers - max of 1.80 center to center Section 1206. Roof Construction and Covering a. Attics 1. Access not < 600mm sq. or in diameter, min clear headroom of 800mm 2. Area Separation enclosed attic space of combustible construction shall be divided into horizontal area max of 250 sq.m. area, 750 sq.m. in area for attic with Fire-extinguishing system.

Section 1207. Stairs, Exits, and Occupant Loads a. Exits 1. Number of Exits Above 1st storey 10 occupant 2 exits Mezzanine 185 sq.m area or more than 18m in dimension 2 exits 500-999 3 exits 2. Exits if only 2 exits required, shall be placed distance apart not < 1/5 of the perimeter area. 3. Distance of Exits w/o sprinkler 45m from exterior exit door, w/ sprinkler 60m 4. Doors a. Swing exit door shall swing to exit travel in hazardous areas w/ 50 or more occupant load b. Double acting doors view panel of not < 1,300 sq. cm. c. Width and Height not < 900mm in width, not < 2.00m in height, opening 90 degrees and exit way clear width not < 700mm 5. Door Leaf Width max of 1.20 6. Corridors and Exterior Exit Balconies a. Width not < 1.10m b. Dead Ends max 6.00m in length 7. Stairways a. Width serving an occupant load of more than 50 shall not be < 1.10m, occupant load of 50 or less may be 90m (900mm) wide , private stairways serving an occupant load of < 10 may be .75m (750mm) b. Rise and Run. Rise max 0.20m (200mm), Run - 0.25m (250mm) c. Winding Stairways narrower side of the thread 150mm 300mm d. Circular Stairways used as exit w/ min width of run not < 250mm e. Landings straight run max of 1.20m, vertical f. Distance bet landings max of 3.60m vertical distance landings. g. Handrails not < 800mm nor more than 900mm. h. Stairway to Roof if 4 or more storeys in height i. Headroom clearance 2.00m 8. Ramps width 1.10m min 9. Exit Outlets, Courts, Passageways a. Slope exit courts max of 1:10, exit passageway max of 1:8 b. Openings on exit court not < 3.00m protected by fire assemblies not < hour fire resistive. Except openings > 3.00m may be unprotected c. Exit signs illumination not < 10.7 lux at the floor level 10. Aisles a. Width not < 800mm if serving one side, not < 1m if serving both sides, side aisles shall not < 1.10m b. Exit Distance 1. Groups H, I occupancies w/o seats, line of travel to exit door by an aisle is not > 45.00m 2. Exit doors clear width 1.70m if 30 seats bet aisles and 1m distance of seat back to back c. Slope max of 1:8

11. Seats a. Seat Spacing - spacing of rows of seats from back to back not < 840mm (standard seating), Clear width of rows (continental seating) as follows: 450 mm Rows of 18 seats 500mm Rows of 35 seats or less 520mm Rows of 45 seats or less 550mm Rows of 46 seats or more b. Width not < 450mm (0.45m) min, max of 480 (0.48m) 12. Reviewing Stands, Grandstands, and Bleachers a. Row Spacing (min) 600 mm w/o backrest in open air stand 750mm Seats w/ backrest 850mm Chair seating Not < 300mm Bet the back of each seat and the front of the seat immediately behind it. b. Rise bet Rows 400mm (0.40m) max c. Number of Seats bet Aisles - not > 15 for open air stands w/ seats w/o backrest, 6 w/ backrest seats in bldgs. d. Aisles 1. Aisles Required seats w/o backrest, the rise from row to row doesnt not exceed 300mm per row, number of rows doesnt exceed 11 in height, top seating board is not over 3.00m above grade, 1st seating board not more than 500mm above grade 2. Stairs required aisle is elevated more than 200nn above grade, provide a stairway or ramp. e. Stairs and Ramps 1. Guardrails provide top seat plank is more than 1.20 above grade 2. Railings 1.10m 3. Midrail 250mm f. Foot Boards shall be provided above the 3rd row & where seating plank is more than 600mm above grade g. Safe Dispersal Area at least 2 exits, more than 6000 min of 3 exits, more than 9000 person min of 4 exits, clear width of exits not < 1 exit unit of 600 mm for each 500 persons, clear width not < 1.10m 13. Boiler Rooms except Group A, 2 egress 1 ladder. Section 1208. Skylights a. Shall be constructed w/ metal frames Except Group A and J. Glass is set an angle of < 45 degrees, if located above 1st storey, set at least 100mm (0.10m) above the roof. b. Space bet supports - flat wire glass not exceed 625mm - corrugated wire glass - 1.5m - glass no wired 2.5m in diameter w/ mesh not larger than 25mm c. Ordinary Glass if ridge doesnt exceed 6.00m above the grade

d. Glass for Transmission of Light not < 12.5mm thick, glass over 100 area have wire mesh Section 1209. Bays, Porches and Balconies Railings for balconies, landings or porches more than 750mm above grade Section 1210. Penthouses and Roof Structures a. Height Type V construction shall exceed 8.40m above roof, shall not extend more than 3.60m in height w/ the roof. b. Towers and Spires framework of iron, steel or RC when not enclosed, towers not enclosed w/c extend more than 20m above grade, shall not occupy more than of street frontage of bldg. Section 1212. Fire-Extinguishing Systems a. Fire-Extinguishing Systems 1. Every storey, basement or cellar w/ 200sq.m or more w/c is used for habitation, etc. w/c has an occupant load of more than 20. 2. Dressing, rehearsal rms., workshops or factories w/ occupant load of more than 10 or assembly halls w/ occupant load of more than 500, if the next doors of rooms are more than 30.00m from safe dispersal area. 3. Photographic x-ray, nitrocellulose films and inflammable articles b. Dry Standpipes for bldgs. w/ 4 or more storeys 1. Construction and Test shall be wrought iron of GS w/ fittings, connections to withstand 20 kg per of water pressure 2. Size 900 liters water per minute 3. Number Required every bldg 4 or more storeys where any floor above 3rd floor is 950m or less, equipped w/ 1 dry standpipe. 4. Siamese Connections: 2 way 100mm dry standpipe 3 way 125mm 4 way 150mm Siamese inlet (located on Not < 300mm nor more than street front) 1.20m above grade 5. Outlets standpipe 63mm outlet not more than 1.20m above each floor level, with 2 way standpipes 63mm outlet above the roof (all with gate valves) c. Wet Standpipes 1. Size Interior wet standpipes deliver 190 liters/water per minute under 2.0 kg per water pressure 2. Outlets 38mm valve each storey located not < 300mm nor more than 1.20m above the floor. 3. Water Supply street main not < 100mm in diameter 4. Pressure and Gravity Tanks 1500 liters/water per minute for not < 10 minutes 5. Fire pumps capacity not < 1000 liters per minute w/ pressure not < 2 kg per connected to street main w/ not < 100mm diameter

Section 1214. Motion Picture Projection Rooms a. Construction 1 hr fire resistive, ceiling shall not be < 2.40m from finished floor. Room shall have a floor area of not < 7.00sq.m and 3.50sq.m for every additional machine. b. Exit Projection room at least 2 exits separated by not < 1/3 the perimeter of room, each at least 750mm wide and 2.00m high c. Ports and Openings (3 kinds) projection, observation, combination ports 1. Ports required limited in area to 750, not more than 1 observation ports w/c be limited to 1300 There shall be not more than 3 combination ports w/c not exceed 750mm by 600mm. Projection ports not to exceed 4,500 in area. d. Ventilation 1. Inlet fresh air inlet from the exterior bldg. not < & protect w/ wire netting installed w/in 50mm of the floor in every projection room 2. Outlets provide 1 or more mechanical exhaust systems.


Rule I Building Permit Applications

(Section 211 of NBC 1096)

1. Definitions a. Building Permit a written authorization granted by the BO to an applicant allowing the applicant to proceed w/ the construction w/ specific project after plans, specs and other pertinent doc. b. Construction All on site work done c. Erection installation of components of a building/structure d. Addition new construction w/c increases the height or area of an existing bldg./structures. e. Alteration changes in materials, utilities, partitioning, etc but doesnt increase the overall area thereof. f. Renovation physical change made to increase its value & improve its aesthetic quality. g. Conversion change in use or occupancy h. Repair remedial work done on any damaged/deteriorated portion of bldg. i. Moving transfer of any bldg. from original location to another j. Demolition systematic dismantling of a bldg in whole or part. k. Ancillary Bldg./Structure secondary bldg. located w/in the same premises the use of incidental to that main bldg. 2. Building Permits (Exceptions) a. Minor Constructions: 1. Sheds, greenhouses, and the like not exceeding 6sq.m. in floor area 2. Addition of open terrace/patios not exceeding 20sq.m 3. Window Grilles 4. Garden pools for water plants/aquarium not exceeding 500mm in depth. 5. Erection of garden walls other than walls not exceeding 1.80m

b. Repairs 1. Structural member, such as replacement of roofing sheets, etc. 2. Non load-bearing partition walls. 3. Interior portion of a house 4. Replacement of windows 5. Replacement of flooring 6. Perimeter fence & walls 7. Replacement of sanitary & plumbing fixtures 8. Replacement of faulty & deteriorated wiring devices, fixtures, safety devices 3. Requirements (under Bldg. Permit) 3.1 Submit ff. OBO a. Applicant is registered owner 1. TCT Certified true copy 2. Tax Declaration 3. Current Real Property Tax Receipt b. Applicant is not registered owner 1. Duly notarized copy of Contract of Lease 2. DNC of Deed of Absolute Sale 3. DNC of Contract of Sale 3.2 Five (5) sets of plans & specs signed and sealed a. architect or civil engineer b. sanitary engineer/master plumber c. electrical engineer d. mechanical engineer NOTE: Plans & specs shall not be required for a. traditional indigenous family dwellings not exceeding P15000 b. single detached dwellings up to 20sq.m floor area 3.2.1 Architectural Documents a. Location plan w/in 2km radius COM, IND and INS, w/in half km radius Residential b. Site Development Plan 1:200m c. Floor Plans d. Elevation at least 4 e. Section at least 2 f. Foundation plan g. Floor-framing plan h. Roof-framing plan i. Footing/column detail j. Structural members detail *from c to h - not < 1:100m *from I to j any convenient scale Rule II - Processing of Applications for Bldg. Permits & Certificates of Occupancy 1. Bldg Permits 1.1 Verification of Land Use & Zoning Compatibility 1.2 Filing of Application 1.3 Line & Grade Verification 1.4 Processing of Application 1.4.1 Architectural

1.4.2 Structural 1.4.3 Sanitary/Plumbing 1.4.4 Electrical 1.4.5 Mechanical 1.4.6 Fire Safety & Control 1.5 Final Evaluation 1.6 Issuance of Bldg. Permit 1.7 Non-Issuance, Suspension or Revocation of Bldg. Permits a. Errors found in the plans & specs. b. Incorrect data or info supplied c. Non-compliance w/ pertinent provisions of the code or any rule/regulation issued thereunder 1.8 Terms & Conditions of Permits 1.9 Validity of a Bldg Permit if the bldg or work authorized therein is not commenced w/in 1 year from the date of such permit, or bldg. or work is suspended/abandoned at anytime after it has been commenced for 120 days. Rule III Assessment, Imposition and Collection Fees For the purpose of fixing the amount of fees based on use or occupancy of bldg. group occupancy classification of bldgs. Occupancy groups (5 categories) CATEGORY I Residential Group A & partly Group B II Commercial & Industrial partly Groups B, C, E, F, G, H & I III Social, Educational & Institutional partly Groups C, D, E, & H IV Agricultural partly Group J V Ancillary partly Group J Rule IV Disposition of Income from Fees and other Charges 1. Duties of Bldg Official a. Collections 80% local government concerned, 20% share of the National Government Rule V Signs Sign any letter, word, numeral, illustration use to announce or advertise Specific Provisions: 1. Business Signs max width 1.20m & length not exceeding the frontage of the bldg. 2. Ground Signs shall not exceed 6.00m in height from the street crown, self supporting outdoor signs 10.00m away from PL 3. Projecting Signs - Sign Boards 1m to electric & telephone wires 4. Wall Signs not extend more than 300mm & not < 3m above the sidewalk. W/ combustible materials shall not exceed 4.00sq.m. area 5. Temporary Signs a. Steamers lowest pt. of bottom edge have min clearance 4.30m above the pavement 6. Administrative Provisions a. Exemptions sign not exceeding 0.20sq.m. of display surface.

Rule VI Arcades & Sidewalks 1. Width 1.1 Sidewalks of 2m w/ planting strip of 800mm in width separating curb & sidewalk 1.2 Arcades shall be cantilevered from bldg. line, horizontal distance bet the curb line & the outermost face of bldg not < 500mm 1.3 Combined open & arcaded sidewalks w/ planting strip not < 800mm in width separating bet arcaded portion and open portion of sidewalk 2. Driveways, Entrances and Exits 2.1 Entrances and Exits of Building abutting sidewalks shall be made of either ramps or steps 2.1.1 Steps shall have treads not < 300mm. Min no. of steps shall be (2), w/ risers not exceeding 100mm Rule IX Electrical Regulations 1. Location of Poles and Clearances of Power Lines along Public Roads. 1.1. Primary Lines min vertical clearance of 10m from the crown of road pavement, 7.5m from the top of the shoulder/sidewalk 1.2. Secondary Lines min vertical clearance of 7.5m from the crown of road pavement 2. Clearance of Supporting Structures such as Poles, Towers and others a. Fire Hydrants not < 5m b. Curbs not < 150mm from curb away from the roadway 3. Clearance of Service Drops a. Clearances Over Roof Conductors have clearance not< 2.5m from highest pt. of roofs Exemptions: 1. Voltage bet conductors doesnt exceed 300 volts and has roof slope not < 100mm in 300mm slope. 2. Service drop conductors of 300 volts or less w/ a max of 1.2m overhang portion of roof for the purpose of a service raceway may be maintained at min of 500mm. b. From Ground conductors shall not < 3m from any platform or projection. c. From Building Openings conductors shall have clearance of < 1m from windows, doors, etc and shall be run at least 500mm above the top level of a window or opening. d. Service Drop of Communications lines, when crossing a street, have a clearance not < 5.50m from the crown of street/sidewalk. Also have a min clearance of 3.00m above the ground. 4. Provisions for Transformer Vaults 4.1 New Building load demand 200KVA or above provided w/transformer vault 4.2 Location ventilated to outside air 4.3 Walls, Roof and Floor. Reinforced concrete not < 150mm, masonry/brick not less than 200mm, 300mm load bearing hollow concrete blocks. Inside wall and roof surface constructed of HCB shall have a coating of cement/gypsum plaster not < 20mm . Concrete floor not < 100mm thick.

5. Ventilation 5.1 Ventilation Openings 5.1.1. Size not < per KVA of transformer capacity in service, except the net are shall not be < 0.1sqm for any capacity under 50KVA 5.1.2. Drainage vaults w/ more than 100KVA transformer capacity shall be provided w/ drain 6. Capacitors 6.1 Transformers Used w/ Capacitors KVA rating shall not be < 135% of capacitor rating Rule X Mechanical Regulations 1. Elevators 1.1 Hoistway pits clearance of not < 600mm remains bet the underside of car & bottom of pit. 1.2 Min number of hoisting ropes shall be 3 for traction elevators and 2 for drumtype elevators. 1.3 Min diameter of hoisting & counterweight ropes shall be 30mm 1.4 Elevators w/ over-load relay and reverse polarity relay. 1.5 In high rise apts. or residential condos of more than 5 stories, at least 1 passenger elevator shall be kept on 24 hour constant service. 2. Escalators 2.1 Angle of inclination shall not exceed 35 degrees from the horizontal 2.2 Width bet balustrades shall not be < 558 mm nor more than 1.20m. The width shall not exceed the width of the steps by more than 330mm. 2.3 Rated speed, not more than 38mpm. 3. Boilers and Pressure Vessels 3.1 Location 3.1.1 Main Bldg. is not made up of fire resistive materials, boilers shall be located outside w/ distance not < 3.00m outside the wall of main bldg. & bldg. housing the boiler 3.1.2 No part of the boiler shall be closer than 1m from any wall 3.2 Smokestacks - shall able to withstand a wind load of 175km per hour & shall rise at least 5m above the eaves of any bldg. w/in a radius of 50m. 3.3 Boilers more than 46sq.m. heating surface shall be provided w/ 2 means of feeding water, 1 steam driven and 1 electrically driven, 1 pump and 1 injector. 3.4 2 check valves shall be provided bet any feed pump and boiler 3.5 Boilers rms. shall have at least 2 separate exits. 3.6 Each boiler shall at least 1 safety valve. Having more than 46.sq.m pressure of water heating surface/generating capacity exceeding 97kg. per hour, 2 or more safety valves are required. 4. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning 4.1 68-74 degrees F temperature and humidity for comfortable cooling, 4.57 to 7.60 MPM temperature at an air movement. 4.2 Not more than 136kgs of refrigerant shall be stored in a machine rm. 4.3 Where ammonia is used into a tank of water at least 1 gallon of water shall be provided for every .04536kg of ammonia in the system. 4.4 Refrigerant piping crossing a passageway in any bldg. shall not < 2.3m above the floor. 4.5 Window type AC (Air Con) shall not be < 2.13m from the ground

5. Water pumping for Bldg./Structures 5.1 To maintain water pressure in all floors of a bldg./structure, the ff. systems may be used: 5.1.1 Overhead tank supply may be installed above the roof w/ a vent and an overflow pipe leading to a storm drain and be fully covered. 5.1.2 Pneumatic Tank unfired pressure vessel 6. Pipings 6.1 Piping 100mm in diameter and above shall be flanged. Small diameter pipes may be screwed 6.2 Color coding of Piping: Steam Division High Pressure White Exhaust System Buff Water Division Fresh Water, low pressure - Blue Fresh Water, high pressure - Blue Salt water piping Green Oil Division Delivery Brass or Bronze Discharge Yellow Pneumatic Division All piping Gray Gas Division All piping Black Fuel Oil Division All piping Black Refrigerating Division Pipes Black Fittings - Black Rule XI Access Streets/Roads & Alleys Access Roads Not < 3.00m wide

Interior/rear lots access road w/ min width depending upon the no. of bldgs./units approve by local planning authority Multiple living units on same lot. (Apartments, rowhouses/accesorias/groups of single-detached bldgs) Up to 6 units 7-15 units 16-25 units 26-35 units More than 35 units

3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.50

wide wide wide wide wide

Rule XIV Occupant Loads General Requirements for Occupant Loads and Exits Min. of 2 Exits other than USE OR OCCUPANCY UNIT AREA PER OCCUPANT (Sq.m.) elevators are required where
number of occupants is over

A. Dwellings B. Hotels, Apartments, Dormitories C. Classrooms Conference Rooms, Exhibit Rooms, Gymnasia, School, Vocational, Institutions, Laboratories D. Hospitals **, Sanitaria ** Nursing Homes **, Children Homes **, Homes for the Aged ** Nurseries for Children E. Stores Retail Sales Rooms Basement Ground Floors Upper Floors Offices Aircraft hangers (no repair) Parking Garages Kitchens (Commercial) Dining Establishments F. Warehouses, Mechanical Equipment Rooms G. Garages H. Auditoriums, Theaters, Churches & Chapels, Dance Floors, Reviewing Stands, Stadia

28 18.6 1.8 1.4 4.6 8.4 7.4 3.25 2.8

10 10 50

6 50

5.6 9.3 46.5 18.6


28 9.3 .65

30 50 30 30 10 50

Rule XV Protection & Safety Requirements for Construction and Demolition 1. General 1.1 No person, firm, corporation shall operate machinery, material, scaffolds or materials of assembly closer than 5m to any high voltage electrical facilities.

2. Protective Methods/Devices Height of Construction 2.40m or less More than 2.40m Distance from Construction Less than 1.80m 1.80m or more Less than 1.80m 1.80m or more but not more than the height of construction 1.80m or more but between to the height of construction 1.80m or more but exceeding the construction height Protection Required Railing None Fence & Canopy Fence & Canopy Fence None

3. Fence erected @ sidewalks/walkways not < 2.40m in height above curb line. 4. Canopy 4.1 Protective canopy - 2.40m above the walkway 4.2 Railings not < 1m high and solid toe boards not < 300mm placed along the street and ends of the canopy. Canopy safely sustaining a load of 800kg per sq.m. 4.3 Underside of canopy properly lighted not < one (1) 100 watt bulb every 6m of its length 5. Protective Nets/Screen G.I wire gauge 16,38mm mesh nylon net; canvas 6. Walkways & Railings 6.1 Temporary walkway adjacent to the street line not more than 1.20m wide (for the use of pedestrians). Where the road right of way is 5m or less, no temporary walkway shall be allowed 6.2 Width of walkway shall not < 1.20m but more than 1/3 the width of the sidewalk. 6.3 Walkways capable of supporting uniform live load of 650kg per sq.m. 6.4 Railings not < 1m in height 7. Precautionary Measures 7.1 Every Trench, 1.50m or more in depth, provided w/ means of exit at least 7.50 of its length 8. Storage of Materials 8.1 No materials piled/stacked higher than 1.8m except in yards/sheds. When Piles exceed 1.2m height, material be arranged that the sides & ends of the piles taper back. 9. Fire Protection 9.1 All buildings 1 standpipes outlet @ each floor. 9.2 In every construction at least 1 approved handpump, tank or portable chemical or dry fire extinguisher. 9.3 No material/construction equipment shall be placed w/in 3m of such hydrant/connection bet it and the center of the street. 10. Sanitation & First Aid 10.1 Where more than 200 workers are employed, a properly first-aid room shall be provided w/ a physician/nurse. 11. Temporary Light & Power 11.1 Passageways, stairways and corridors average light intensity not < 2 foot candles. 11.2 Locations where tools & or machinery are used 5 foot candles. 12. Hoist Towers shall be screened/protected on all sides not < 1.80m height

13. Ladders & Temporary Stairways 13.1 Stairways shall be erected as the bldg. exceeds 18.00m in height 13.2 No single ladder shall exceed 6.00m in length. Ladder landings at least 1.20m w/ handrails & toe boards. Ladder rungs shall be spaced uniformly as near to 30mm. 13.3 Ladders leading to floors, stagings/platforms shall be at least 900mm above level of such floors 13.4 Ladders serving traffic in both directions simultaneously at least 1m wide. 13.5 Ladders shall not be painted, inspected at least once every 30 days. 13.6 Stairs and Stairways shall be support a load at least 490kq./sq.m 13.7 Temporary stairs (the sum of the 2 risers and width of 1 tread shall not < 160mm nor more than 660mm) 2R+T=160mm-660mm. Not < 915mm wide. Landings not < 762mm long 14. Runways & Ramps 14.1 At least (3) three 250mm planks 14.2 Slope not steeper than 1:3 14.3 When riser is steeper than 1:6, or more than 1.8m and steeper than 1:8, runways/ramps shall be provided w/ cleats spaced not more than 200mm apart 14.4 Total rise of more than 1.80m passing over/near floor openings 15. Scaffolds 15.1 Support at least 4 times the max load. 15.2 Planks used in construction shall be not < 50mm nominal thickness, overlap at the end shall not < 150mm 15.3 Ropes, cables and blocks used in support shall be sufficient size & strength to sustain @ least 6 times the max load 15.4 Platform level of w/c is more than 1.80m above the ground 15.5 Substantial overhead protection not more than 3m above the scaffold platform 16. Floor Openings 16.1 Used as hoistways/elevator shaftways be protected all sides, expect the side used for loading & unloading. Protection shall be in barricades not < 1.20m high near the edges of openings, guard rails not < 910mm high placed not < 600mm. 16.2 Solid barriers not < 910mm high 17. Guard Rails & Toe Boards 17.1 Guard Rails - Top rail not < 910mm high above the platform level. An intermediate rail shall be provided bet the top rail & the platform. Guard rails shall have supports not more than 2.40m apart, shall be constructed to withstand a horizontal force of 30kgs. per meter 17.2 Toe Boards shall extend not < 150mm above the platform level. Toe Boards of Wood shall not < 25mm nominal thickness w/ supports not more than 1.20m apart, Metal shall not < 3.175mm thick w/ supports not more than 1.20m apart. 18. Chutes 18.1 Chutes for removal of materials & debris shall be provided in demolition operations w/ are more than 6m above pt. of material to be removed 18.2 Intervals of 7.60m or less w/ substantial stops to prevent descending matls 18.3 Chutes w/c at an angle 45 degrees from the horizontal be enclosed on all 4 sides

18.4 18.5

Chutes w/c at an angle 45 degrees from the horizontal may be left open on the upper side Openings into matls/debris are dumped are dumped at the top of a chute shall be protect by a substantial guardrail extending @ least 1.90m above the level of the floor

Rule XVI Light and Ventilation 1. Measurement and Percentage of Site Occupancy 1.1 Types of Open Spaces a. Public street, alleys, parks, easements of seashore, etc. b. Private courts, yards, setbacks, lightwells, uncovered driveways, etc. Private Open Space Requirements % OF OPEN SPACE TYPE OF LOT A&B All Other (Residential) a. Interior Lot (accessible from a public 50% 25% street/alley by means of a private access road) b. Inside Lot (non-corner/single frontage lot) 20% 15% c. Corner and/or Through Lot 10% 5% d. Lots bounded on 3 or more sides by public 5% 5% open space (streets, alleys, easement of seashores, etc) NOTE: 1. Refer to Sec 3 of Rule 3 for occupancy grouping 2. Courts unoccupied space bet bldg. lines & lot lines other than yard: free, open and unobstructed from the ground upward. a. Inner court bounded on all sides/around its periphery by bldg. lines. b. Open court bounded by 3 sides by bldg. lines w/ 1 side bounded by another open space c. Through court bounded on 2 opposite sides by bldg. lines w/ the other opposite sides bounded by other open space. Every court shall have a width not < 2.00m for 1 and 2 storey bldgs. This may reduced to not < 1.50m in cluster living units (quadruplexes, rowhouses) for 1 or 2 storeys in height w/ adjacent courts w/ area not < 3.00m. Irregularly shaped lots like triangular shall be < 3.00m Bldgs more than 2 storeys in height, min width of the court shall be increased at the rate of 300mm Yards for Residential Buildings ZONES R-1 R-2 R-3 5.00m See abutments 2.00m 2.00m 2.00m 2.00m

YARD Front Side Rear R-1 R-2 R-3

Low Density Residential Zone single family, single detached dwellings Medium Density Residential Zone medium density housing like low and medium rise, multiple family dwellings High-Density Residential Zone mixed housing type & high density housing

Yards for Commercial, Industrial, Institutional & Recreational Buildings ROAD RIGHT OF WAY FRONT SIDE REAR 30M & above 10m 3m 25-29m 8m 20-24m 6m 10-19m 4m 2m Below 10m 2m 3. Setbacks vacant space bet the bldg. & lot lines not < 2.00m in width 4. Ceiling Heights 4.1 Table Form Habitable rooms provided w/ artificial ventilation Bldgs. of more than 1st storey 2nd storey Succeeding storeys Above stated rooms w/ natural ventilation Mezzanine Floors

ceiling heights not < 2.40 from floor to ceiling Min ceiling height shall be 2.70m 2.40m Unobstructed typical head-room clearance of not < 2.10m above the finished floor Not < 2.70m Clear height not < 1.80m above and below it

5. Sizes and Dimensions of Rooms: Minimum sizes of rooms & their least horizontal dimensions: Rooms for Human 6.00 sq.m with at least dimension of 2.00 (2x3m) Habitations Kitchen 3.00 sq.m with at least dimension of 1.50m (1.50x2m) T&B 1.20 sq.m with at least dimension of 0.09m (0.09x1.33m) 6. Air Space Requirements 6.1 School Rooms 6.2 Workshop, Factories & Offices 6.3 Habitable Rooms 3.00 cu.m w/ 1 sq.m of floor area per person 12.00 cu.m of air space per person 14.00 cu.m of air space per person

7. Window Openings 7.1 Windows w/ a total free area of openings equal to @ least 10% of the floor area of the room, provided that such opening not < 1sq.m. Toilet, laundry, & similar rooms shall be provided w/ windows w/ area not < 240mm. 7.2 Eaves over required windows not < 750mm from the side & rear Property Lines. 8. Vent Shafts 8.1 Horizontal cross sectional area (CSA) of not < 0.10sq.m for every meter of height of shaft but in no case shall the area be < 1.00sq.m. No vent shaft have its least dimension less < 600mm 8.2 Air ducts min unobstructed CSA not < 0.30 sq.m w/ min dim. of 300mm above the bottom of the shaft

Rule XIX Parking & Loading Space Requirements 1. Parking space ratings listed are min off street requirements for specific uses/occupancies for bldg./structures: 1.1 Parking slot Average automobile 2.40x5.00m perpendicular or diagonal, 2.00x6.00m for parallel Min of 3.60m by 12.00m Pooled parking at 1 slot/10 living units 1 slot/8 living units 1 slot/4 living units 1 slot/living unit 1 slot/10 rooms 1 slot/5 rooms 1 slot/unit 1 slot/100 sq.m of shopping floor area 1 slot/150 sq.m of shopping floor area 1 slot/30 sq.m of customer area 1 slot/20 sq.m of customer area 1 slot/125 sq.m of gross floor area 1 slot/20 beds 1 slot/125 sq.m of gross floor area 1 slot/50 sq.m spectator area 1 slot/50 sq.m of congregation area 1 slot/10 classrooms 1 1 1 1 1 slot/5 classrooms slot/25 beds slot/4 alleys slot/50 sq.m of gross floor area slot/100 sq.m of gross floor area

Truck or bus 1.2 Low Income Single Detached living units in housing project areas w/ individual lots not more than 100sq.m 1.3 Multi family a. Up to 50sq.m units w/ unit floor b. Above 50sq.m to of: 100sq.m c. More than 100sq.m 1.4 Hotels 1.5 Residential Hotels & Apartels 1.6 Motels 1.7 Neighborhood shopping center 1.8 Markets 1.9 Restaurants, fast-food centers, bars and beerhouses 1.10 Nightclubs, supperclubs and theater-restaurants 1.11 Office Bldgs 1.12 Pension/Boarding/Lodging houses 1.13 Other Bldgs in Business/Commercial Zones 1.14 Public assembly bldgs such as theaters, cinemas, etc. 1.15 Places of Worship & Funeral Parlors 1.16 Schools Elementary, Secondary, Vocational & Trade schools College & Univ. 1.17 Hospitals 1.18 Recreational Bowling Alleys Facilities Amusement Centers Clubhouses, beach houses and the like 1.19 Factories, manufacturing establishments, mercantile bldgs, warehouses and storage bins 1.20 Tourist bus parking areas

1 car slot/1,000 sq.m of gloss floor area 2 bus slots/hotel or theater restaurant

2. Parking Requirement Computation: 2.1 Mixed occupancies, parking requirements shall be the sum of 100% dominant use & 50% of each of the non-dominant 2.2 20% of parking requirements may be provided w/in premises 3. Special Provisions 3.1 1 parking slot for the handicapped per 50 up to 150 parking slots & an additional slot for every 100 slots thereafter. 3.2 Wheel chair transfer area one between 2 spaces, directly connect to accessible walk of travel and bldg entrances. 3.3 Maximum distance of accessible parking area from facility served. Parking areas for handicapped shall be w/in 60m of the facility being served.

4. Loading Slot Requirements: 4.1 Stores, manufacturing, wholesale or merchantile bldgs/structures, or similar occupancies 4.2 Hotels and Hospitals 1 loading slot for every 5,000 sq.m of gross floor area w/ a min of 1 truck loading slot 1 truck loading slot