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2 June 2005
Concrete can take the heat
The past 15 years has seen a radical change in the way we design, build and use our built environment. CCANZ Project Manager Chris Munn writes about the alternative construction methods trying to emulate the fire-resistant qualities of concrete.
Recently there has been a shift away from a prescriptive to a more open performance-based approach in the building industry. However, the new methods don’t always have the advantages their supporters claim, and they are also changing the way our built environment now performs. The alternative construction methods developed to emulate already wellproven mainstay systems, have seen consumers complain over the poor quality and reliability of these imitators. Examples of this include low mass acoustic walls, as well as complex fire wall systems made of composite flammable and inflammable components, which CCANZ strongly believes are examples of questionable practice. Concrete structures are generally stronger in fires than other structural systems due to their mass, and have the capacity to absorb energy without reaching critical overload. Laboratory testing will not simulate the actual performance of a site-built structure that has weathered 20 or 30 years of use. History has proven and designers can remain confident that concrete-based solutions are tough and robust enough to perform well over decades. The same cannot be claimed by proponents of lightweight systems. These systems are more likely to see their fire performance significantly impaired and a gradual reduction in the fire rating. This can be caused by occupier misuse, unauthorised or poorly designed and supervised modifications and alterations, and earthquakes. Therefore, the statement proudly made by some, that “New Zealand is at the cutting edge of performance-based design” should be seen as a potential liability, rather than an example of enlightened building design practice. Concrete as a structural building material offers many more significant benefits to building owners when they Concrete can take the heat. Image courtesy of the Concrete are considering Centre. what material to to be tightened to include property use for their intended project. The protection as well as safety when it fire-resistant properties of concrete comes to human lives. has a number of advantages, including: • Concrete is incombustible The simplicity of construction in concrete to achieve fire resistance • Concrete has a high heat sink means that in short “concrete capacity, which causes a fire to can take the heat.” Other building burn at a lower temperature systems cannot match concrete • Concrete remains largely in place for its thermal capacity and during a fire performance under thermal load. • It is relatively easy to reinstate a There have been two notable fire-damaged building examples of large building fires in • Fire ratings occur by default recent times, which compare and for other design reasons such contrast the different performances as earthquake or acoustic of these materials. requirements. Recently there has been increasing interest in the performance of structures subjected to catastrophic fire events. CCANZ believes that there needs to be increasingly stringent performance parameters for multi-level structures and that existing design practices will need In February this year, a serious fire developed over 10 of the 32 stories of the Windsor Building in Madrid. The steel perimeter columns failed, but the central concrete core endured and played a major role in ensuring the stability of the building
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WHAT ’S INSIDE
News Pg 3 Durability key quality of concrete Pg 4 International news Pg 6 New CEO for CCANZ Pg 7
2 Structural Design for Fire Safety. as it is probable that damage to the structure will extend the evacuation time beyond that required in the Building Code. 2001. Clearly this discount in fire performance should not be allowed to continue unless sprinkler installations are designed to withstand earthquake events with the use of on–site water storage capacity. and also the likelihood of delays in the fire service attending an incident (if they can get there at all. 33rd. The time it takes for the safe evacuation of people after an earthquake also needs to be reconsidered. particularly after an earthquake). In New Zealand. and with local The north face of the Windsor Tower. In the Parque Central fire in Caracas in October last year. Spain. Further to this. Concrete columns connected with post-tensioned “macro slabs” located at the 7th. It is hoped that upcoming changes to the Acceptable Solutions in the Building Code will recognise concrete’s unique and robust fire resistant properties. in structures located in seismically active areas. Fires. New Zealand Fire Service Report (undated). The use of concrete has been welldocumented and its performance as a good fire resistant material has been proven over time. Alternative designs. Do we really want to be in this position? There has been increasing emphasis placed on the benefits offered by the installation of sprinkler systems to prevent the spread of fire in structures. at its highest several hours after the Fire can quickly spread through a building if a trade-off between compartmentalisation and an automatic suppression (sprinkler) system has been made. but remained standing. 45th and 55th levels formed the structural frame that held up during the fire. The findings contained in this report are supported by comments made by the property maintenance industry. which are caused by continued gas leaks and by uncontrolled conflagrations in adjacent structures. which collapsed after an uncontrolled fire burnt it out the day after the two towers collapsed. Earthquake and fire resistant elements should therefore be designed into the structure to resist the spread of fire and permit the safe evacuation of the structure. chris@cca. cannot match this proven history of service or its resilience over time. At present this is not a requirement of the Building Code. seismic shut-off this minimum time after a significant valves to ensure that the supply earthquake. With the uncertainty of water supply after a earthquake. authorities fitting Image courtesy of Arup. the concrete endured and held the structure together. it seems a very risky strategy to Post-earthquake fires should also permit the fire resistance rating to be a serious design consideration be discounted by 50 percent for for structures located in highly sprinkler structures if there is little built-up urban areas. the new approach to fire engineering has placed lower emphasis on the protection of property from damage in the event of fire. There is no doubt that the presence of a sprinkler system in a building controls a fire in the early stages and its success is often impressive if the system is serviceable. failed to operate. This example is in sharp contrast to Building 7 at the World Trade Centre in New York. Andrew Buchanan. will soon overwhelm these precautions. is interrupted after earthquakes. With the introduction of the New Zealand Building Code in the early 1990’s.19-20. New Zealand’s reputation is that of a country which is in the forefront of performance-based fire design. The issue of safe access for fire and rescue operations would also extend earthquake.org. The intermediate floors were steel framed and these suffered extensive damage. 21st. In short.concrete …continued from page 1 throughout the fire. For further information contact: Chris Munn. in his recent publication ‘Structural 2 Design for Fire Safety’2 expressed his concern over reliance on active suppression systems. mechanical systems break down or are not always correctly serviced.nz 1 Report on Sprinkler System Compliance using Building Warrant of Fitness and Routine Surveys. all buildings that are over 25 metres high must be fitted with a sprinkler system. Buchanan. and can extend for a period of several days. A New Zealand Fire Service Report1 indicated that 50-90 percent of sprinkler systems. . to one degree or another do not comply with the requirements of the appropriate Standard. The threat of certainty that water will be available uncontrolled fire in this situation is when it is needed. the 56 story structure was completely burnt out over 26 levels. such as sprinklers. In reality though. pp. trying to emulate the superior performance of concrete-based solutions. with at least two floors collapsing and the fire sprinkler system installed to protect the steel portions of the structure. This is because of the risk of damage to water mains and associated pipework within a structure.
Chris Carter and BCITO apprentice David Angus. Holcim is currently assessing a range of alternatives. McKays Crossing upgrade underway Work is underway on the $20 million McKays Crossing project on SH1 between Paraparaumu and Paekakariki. Hosted by Wellington City Council. one at ground level for trains. The BCITO has doubled the number of apprentices in training over the past few years from 3200 in 2001. Due to current high demand for cement consumption. Building Code Update CCANZ has recently made a submission on the Building Code’s Restricted Work document and done further work on the licensing of practitioners. are among the line-up of high calibre keynote speakers provisionally confirmed for the Urbanism Down Under 2005 Conference in Wellington on August 18-20. Of those in training. Urbanism Down Under is promising to be an exciting and important event this year.concrete News… Cement companies expand as demand increases Holcim New Zealand Limited has announced that it will be exploring a range of alternatives for future cement manufacturing and distribution. The apprentice was 22-year-old David Angus from Auckland. who was awarded a certificate of appreciation and a Dewalt tool belt by the Minister of Building Issues. The project. Concrete pipe listed ‘historic’ A concrete pipe. including refurbishing and expanding New Zealand production. The Holcim New Zealand Limited Board will review the options in the third quarter of 2005. CCANZ is also awaiting the document on product certification. which has been converted into a shed. importing. The project also includes construction of Whareroa Stream culverts to reduce the risk of flooding in the area. Fletcher Building have announced they will spend $60 million upgrading the Golden Bay Cement plant at Portland. Westport. includes construction of The Rail Overbridge abutment wall at a 120-metre rail McKays Crossing. Most of the construction of the project will happen without major disruption to the 24. Urbanism Down Under 2005 Conference Peter Bosselman. left over from the construction of MidCanterbury’s Rangitata diversion race 65 years ago has recently been listed by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust as a category one historic place.000 tonnes. Image courtesy of overbridge and road Transit New Zealand. In 2004. Chris Carter. at a function held in Auckland recently. Holcim’s cement manufacturing plant. to 7. south of Whangarei. Once the upgrade is complete. New Zealand’s Year of the Built Environment 2005. and an underpass that will be developed for traffic to Queen Elizabeth Park.000 in 2005. Holcim’s manufacturing plant was established 50 years ago and currently supplies a substantial percentage of New Zealand’s cement needs.000 vehicles that use McKays Crossing everyday. which began in October last year. and the installation of standard culverts constructed of concrete pipes that measure up to 1200mm in diameter.nz/rd/udu05 or contact Gerald Blunt on (04) 801-3758 or Carole van Grondelle on (04) 384-3650. was listed because of the importance placed on it for Mid-Canterbury’s irrigation and power system. and also the agricultural and pastoral success of the region.000th apprentice signing up for training with the Building and Construction Industry Training Organisation (BCITO). . Fletcher’s domestic sales of cement were at a recordhigh of 673. Professor of Urban Design at University of California at Berkley. and also reconfiguring shipping.govt. The category one ‘historic’ concrete pipe. and Dutch Architect Francine Houbern. To register your interest in attending visit www. The concrete pipe. Victoria University and the Property Council of New Zealand.000 tonnes. Significant milestone for BCITO A key milestone was achieved for New Zealand building industry training with the 7. in a bid to meet market demands and resolve supply issues. director/curator of the First International Architecture Biennial Rotterdam 2003. located at Cape Foulwind. production will increase to 920. Image courtesy of the Ashburton District Branch of the NZ Historic Places Trust. may be unable to meet capacity demands in the future. The new road will be constructed over two concrete tunnels. The Transit New Zealand project is due for completion August 2006.wellington. re-alignment that will create a safer road and substantially improve traffic flow at the railway line. Ministry for the Environment. 3 Hon. 160 are currently studying towards their National Certificate in cement and concrete. It is the third category one listing for the district.
resistance to chloride attack) shrinkage or impact resistance. New provisions in the Standard apply to the detailing and specifying for durability of reinforced concrete elements with a specified design life. Concrete produced for normal exposure conditions will perform well for many years with minimal attention. Engineers. contractors and suppliers. To meet the overall durability requirements of the Standard. Throughout history. Examples of these criteria are abrasion resistance. along with clients. It deals with the production of ready mixed concrete and acknowledges that concrete designed for anything other than strength needs to be defined by the relevant and specific criteria. and a specified design life of 50 or 100 years. and will include an important and comprehensive section on concrete durability. historical data. This is a key area in concrete research worldwide. They are useful for providing information on how long a structure will perform before the aggressive environment starts to have detrimental effects on the structure and its performance. One of the most obvious categorisations for special concrete is one designed specifically for durability. a prime example of strength and durability. • • • • • • • . durability (for instance. The revision of NZS 3101 Concrete Structures Standard will be released later this year. For a service life beyond this. f’c. it’s important that codes. the following need to be considered: • Cement type with or without supplementary cementitious materials Concrete quality and curing Reinforcement cover Chemical content restrictions Alkali silica reaction Protection of fixings Exposure to chemical attack Soil and ground water aggressiveness • • • Abrasion resistance Freezing and thawing cycles Exposure to wet and/or saline environments. produce and test durable concrete that will last for generations with a minimum of maintenance. of between 25 and 100 Mpa. due to its integral role in the construction process. and that they attain their intended use over their expected lifespan. The Standard also allows the use of service life prediction models. For further information on specifying concrete for performance. Project Manager at CCANZ. Seminar Notes. The provisions only apply to detailing and specifying for durability of concrete members with a specified compressive strength at 28 days. and concrete structures usually require a minimum specified design lifespan of 50 years. during which only regular or low level maintenance will be required. there has been continual advancement in cement and concrete technology. This is being recognised in codes. as it emphasises the fact that our understanding of how concrete performs in aggressive environments has never been more complete than it is now. The New Zealand Building Code defines the minimum service life for building components. The Standard is important because it introduces the concept of a “Special Concrete”. now have the technology. specifications and standards in various parts of the world. look at NZCS Seminar 4 Auckland Harbour Bridge 50 years on. Changes to New Zealand Standards – Specifying Concrete for Performance. All of these specifications and standards are vital in ensuring that the structures constructed remain strong and durable. concrete should be specifically designed for adequate durability. The level of maintenance will be defined by the designer. specifications and standards are understood to measure and predict the service life and durability of structures – writes Alan Kirby.concrete Durability key consideration in building structures As concrete is the most widely used construction material in the world. Series 2004. NZS 3104: 2003 Specification for Concrete Production is an important standard in defining concrete and its strength. Currently Golden Bay Cement and Holcim New Zealand have software computer packages based on generic data that are capable of predicting the service life of a structure. In New Zealand. knowledge and experience to specify. The design industry has sophisticated tools available to enable it to deliver durable concrete structures that satisfy the expectations of the end users and also meet the requirements of the New Zealand Building Code. The Building Research Association of New Zealand (BRANZ) has confirmed the viability of these programmes after extensive concrete durability testing using local cements and aggregates.
Talk to your local ready mixed concrete supplier for options that are practical in your area. Use warm materials to make the concrete: The use of hot water and aggregates stored in bins can elevate the temperature within the concrete mix and result in a faster setting time. The following contains general advice on cold weather concreting worth considering: Never place concrete on frozen ground: Either wait until the ground temperate rises.Concrete Construction is a good source of information on conditions when concrete should not be placed. Set accelerators can be good because they decrease the time to final set. the hydration of the cement is suspended and if the temperature is then raised. rather than because of the expected temperatures during placing and finishing. Although the insulation value of polythene is negligible. hydration will continue. or if the freezing only occurs on the surface. or protect the ground overnight to prevent freezing. Therefore. insulate the concrete. changes and differences in temperature can be quite large. Protect the freshly placed concrete: During winter. and that over-dosing with some set accelerators can retard the set. there is a risk that the removal of formwork may result in surface cracking. Always make sure the exhaust gases are ventilated and that the burner isn’t directly aimed at the concrete. which results in random surface cracking. 5 . With winter approaching it is time to think about the extra care required for placing concrete during cooler temperatures.5 MPa. The purpose of NZS 3109 is to provide advice on protection against potential freezing of the concrete before it has attained sufficient strength. freezing can result in internal cracking and loss of strength. Use air entrained concrete: The advantage of air entrainment is that it gives the concrete superior freeze thaw resistance when it has reached sufficient strength. covering the concrete with polythene can remove the wind chill and possibly prevent this type of cracking. NZS 3109 . the best strategy is to follow the recommendations behind NZS 3109 and avoid concrete placing when there is a risk of freezing. With simple precautions. it may result in delamination of the concrete’s surface. it is usually considered to have sufficient strength to resist a freeze-thaw cycle. If the concrete has set. weak surface. When the concrete is reinforced. Freezing can occur either before or after the concrete has set. If freezing conditions are expected and the concrete is unlikely to have attained its recommended strength. it is relatively easy to obtain high quality concrete all year round. and/or HE cement: Often there is a tendency to add set accelerators simply because it is winter. The use of early entry saw cuts or tooled joints can Frost damage due to inadequate protection during construction. These include: When temperatures are below 5oC with temperature descending When below 2oC with temperature ascending. Use the dose rate recommended by the admixture manufacturer and remember that the indiscriminate use of accelerators can lead to premature setting or plastic cracking. After concrete has attained a strength of approximately 3. low humidity days in winter. it’s important to follow the minimum formwork stripping times specified in NZS 3109.concrete Cook’s Clinic… • • • When the ground is frozen Cold Weather Concreting prevent the formation of cracking. The concrete will still however need to be protected until it has reached at least 3. Be aware that the effectiveness of accelerators is limited when mix temperatures are below 5-8oC. It is important to understand the fundamental principals of concreting in the cold so that the most appropriate solution can be applied to every project. it is recommended that nonchloride accelerators are used. Do not use unventilated heaters: CO2 emissions from some heaters can react with the concrete surface and produce a dusty. Prevent thermal shock: If temperatures are cold while the concrete is warm. It is also possible for the top surface to chill relative to the body of the concrete. It is important to remember that we can get very warm. Consider the use of set accelerators. but not reached sufficient strength. If it is frozen before it sets.5 MPa. As a specifier or placer of concrete. and can often lead to restrained early thermal contraction.
developed by Bill Price of the University of Houston. Because of the inherent characteristics of fibre optics. LiTraCon’s largest piece to be built. The translucent concrete. LiTraCon concrete by Aron Losonczi. the translucent concrete has been further developed to build the Stockholm Wall in 2003. LiTraCon. Sweden. Glass fibres lead the light from one side to the other and because of their parallel position. which stands for ‘light transmitting concrete’ can be produced as prefabricated building blocks and panels. The proportion of the optical glass fibres is small. a wall structure built out of light-transmitting concrete can be a few metres thick as the fibres work almost without any loss for up to 20 metres.litracon.hu). During the day.hu). After demonstrating the material at exhibitions. The light that shines through the selfsupporting panels often resembles thousands of stars in the sky. to commercialise the concept. Image courtesy of Will Wittig of LiTraCon (www. Pixed Panels. This innovation in developing a medium that has been used for centuries is revolutionising the building and construction industry. the University of Detroit-Mercy.concrete International News… Revolutionary advances in concrete A break-through in the use of glass fibres by a Hungarian architect has resulted in the launch of a light-emitting translucent concrete that promises to change the rules of construction. Probably the most interesting manifestation of this is that the system allows a sharp shadow of a person to be viewed on the far side of a LiTraCon concrete panel. These panels are made of Portland cement and sand. Translucent panels have also been Stockholm Wall 2003 by LiTraCon inventor developed by Aron Losonczi. Image courtesy of LiTraCon (www. the first “real” application was installed in a home in Budapest in 2004. and can be expected to lead to further fascinating improvements in future concrete and buildings. First “real” LiTraCon application installed in home by architect László FÖLDES. the light information on the brighter side of the wall appears unchanged on the darker side. and reinforced with a small amount of chopped fiberglass. he has now formed his own company. LiTraCon. In theory. Europe Gate in 2004.hu). Image courtesy of LiTraCon (www. Aron Losonczi is capturing the construction world’s attention. is a four metre high project that can be seen by visitors at the public entrance of Fortress Monostor in the Hungarian town Komarom by the River Danube. In addition to Aron Losonczi’s LiTraCon. significant advances in concrete are being 6 made throughout the world.litracon. More recently.litracon. light doesn’t diminish over the thickness of the material allowing for LiTraCon’s translucent appearance. the piece is illuminated by sunlight and by night the inner lights percolate through in the opposite direction. LiTraCon is a see-through concrete and is one of the highlights in recent concrete innovations that are being shown at exhibitions throughout the world as the latest in commercial and home design trends. consisting of randomly embedded glass fibres in a proprietary concrete mixture. LiTraCon is looking to further develop pieces on a larger scale for innovative home and commercial design in the future. approximately four percent. . From pieces of concrete. but in more of a pattern or a perfect grid. developed by 27-year-old architect. is another invention where plastic fibres are arranged transmitting light from one face of a wall to another. compared to the total volume. called LiTraCon. many prototypes have been made and these pieces have been used to build other models to test large scale architectural applications. These breakthroughs are significant. to paving in an inner square in Stockholm. Losonczi came up with the idea in 2001 while he was studying at the Royal University College of Fine Arts in Stockholm. Since the idea originated. where a small piece in size (40x120x6cm) was set in the window of the dining room of the house.
Bruce is also a Registered Engineering Associate. Responsibility for Driver Training has passed to John McDonald. Group Bob was previously South Managing Director of the HW Island Technical Manager Richardson Group. John Kay. has been appointed as General Manager Building Controls at the Department of Building and Housing. Peter continues to have responsibility for Allied Concrete and has appointed Bob Officer to manage the South Island Operations. his key priorities. whom he describes as ‘dedicated professionals. He has a strong vision for the future with improving the recognition of member companies. John will continue to have responsibility for Health and Safety and Environmental compliance. in order to respond to the continuing growth being experienced. He will be based in Dunedin. Johns’ role will oversee the Department’s engagement with industry and all operational matters around building controls including the development of the Building Code and the ongoing implementation of the Building Act 2004. the former VicePresident of the Registered Master Builders Federation. Peter will still be based in Invercargill.concrete People… New CEO for CCANZ CCANZ is very pleased to announce that Patrick McGuire has been appointed to the role of Chief Executive. In his conference speech. recently retired from Allied Concrete. has recently been appointed as the Federation’s new President. where he has been Executive Director for the past 11 years. Patrick holds a Bachelor of Civil Engineering and has strong experience in industry representation. based in Christchurch. a Director of Primesite Homes in Wellington and a registered master builder for 28 years. Changes at Allied Concrete Peter Carnahan has been appointed Group Managing Director of the HW Richardson Group. Bruce. Patrick is looking forward to his move to Wellington and working with the team at CCANZ. new RMBF of Islands that he is looking President. forward to the challenge of leading the largest construction industry organisation in New Zealand with a 104-year legacy. New President for RMBF Michael Fox. Patrick is a keen golfer and walker. while also focusing on the shortage of skilled tradespeople and analysing building market trends. stated at the recent annual RMBF conference in the Bay Michael Fox. and has extensive industry experience. Michael. New appointment at DBH The current General Manager. With previous positions at Landcare Research NZ Limited and Foundation for Research. John has a thorough understanding of public sector management frameworks and the requirements of a regulatory role. Science and Technology. Peter Carnahan. has over 40 years concrete industry experience as a plant and production manager. Previously he has also worked for Taylor Thomson Whitting Consulting Engineers and the New South Wales Government. Michael Fox’s appointment as President of the Federation is for one year. Michael announced that the Federation aims to address many of the challenges facing the construction industry in response to the changes to the new Building Act and licensing. He will take-up his new position at CCANZ on 11 July.’ Together with his passion for concrete and love for the concrete industry. Patrick is looking forward to the challenge of his new role at CCANZ in ensuring concrete remains the premier building and construction material in New Zealand. CCANZ welcomes Patrick to the Association and looks forward to working with him in the future. 7 . and is eager to begin tramping when he moves to New Zealand. as well as experience in working with industry and sector groups to translate policy into practical results. following the death of Bill Richardson at Easter. New appointment to RMCA Plant Audit Committee Bruce Campbell has been appointed the NZ Concrete Society representative on the NZRMCA Plant Audit Committee. Operations for Land Transport New Zealand. new CCANZ CEO. and project and consulting engineering while also having substantial relationships with relevant industry bodies. He intends to maintain the Federation’s high standards and industry leadership position while ensuring that consumer confidence remains high and member’s needs are met. Further changes at Allied Concrete are likely in coming months to further strengthen the management structure. and maintaining industry leadership and best practice standards. He is looking forward to the challenge and helping to make a difference within the industry. Patrick McGuire. Currently Patrick lives in Sydney and works for the Concrete Pipe Association of Australasia.
org.com Secretary/Manager: Allan Bluett President: Andrew Dallas New Zealand Master Concrete Placers Association Ph (06) 873 4428 Fax (06) 873 4429 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Chairman: Angus McMillan Secretary: Michelle Rauner 021 669 560 The New Zealand Master Concrete Placers Association is holding its conference in the Hawkes Bay from 8-10 July.PCNZ meeting 21 July 2005 PCNZ The Executive of the National Precast Concrete Association of Australia will be visiting Christchurch in July. Chief Engineer in Concrete Durability Technology at COWI A/S. PRESSS Technology Seminar gets enthusiastic support in New Zealand NZCS 2005 DIARY: July More than 170 people attended the New Zealand Concrete Society PRESSS concrete technology seminars held in Auckland. NPCAA Visit . For updates visit www.nz ISSN: 1174-8540 8 Disclaimer: The views expressed in concrete are not necessarily those of the Cement & Concrete Association of New Zealand. conferences and other Society events.org.nz New Zealand Concrete Society Ph (09) 536 5410 Fax (09) 536 5442 Email: info@bluepaciﬁcevents. Level 6.co. Confirmed speakers are Steen Rostam from Denmark.5: 2004).net. run over several years.concretesociety. The Association accepts no legal responsibility of any kind for the correctness of the contents of this magazine. The new site has been established to promote the Concrete Society and assist in communication with members by providing access to reference material and publications.nz.www. Wellington concrete is published quarterly by the Cement & Concrete Association of New Zealand. New Zealand Concrete Industry Conference NZCS The New Zealand Concrete Industry Conference will be held at the SkyCity Convention Centre. New Zealand Concrete Society Website NZCS There’s a new way to keep up-to-date with the Concrete Society and industry news .nz Website: www.precastnz. The extensive project. Project Manager at CCANZ. Email: admin@cca. 142 Featherston St. .cca.org. There will be a themed dinner on the Saturday night. PRESSS technology has recently been introduced to the New Zealand market and has been assisted by its inclusion in the new draft concrete design standard (DZ 3101) and the earthquake loadings standard (NZS 1170. Auckland from 22-24 September. Ph (09) 638 9416 Fax (09) 638 9407 Email: ross. or email angus@rocform. Auckland December 6 CCANZ Board Meeting & AGM.co.org. Precast NZ would like to take this opportunity to thank Dene Cook. and visit local precast plants. The Australian organisation will hold a joint meeting with members of Precast New Zealand. The conference will begin on the Friday with an AGM followed by dinner.concrete N E W S f ro m t h e A S S O C I AT I O N S NZMCPA Conference Hawkes Bay 2005 NZMCPA CONTACTS: New Zealand Ready Mixed Concrete Association Ph (04) 499 0041 Fax (04) 499 7760 Executive Ofﬁcer: Dene Cook President: David Peterson www. For further details contact Carol McMillan. Dr Stefano Pampanin and Len McSaveney were all well-received. links to affiliated organisations and information on seminars. has resulted in improved connection details subject to seismic loading and their incorporation into DZ 3101. Tel: (04) 499 8820. President-Elect of ACI. While the information contained in the magazine is printed in good faith. WELLINGTON.nz Precast NZ Inc. for his time and patience in steering the group to a successful conclusion. The visit provides an opportunity to catch up with the Australian world of precasting. Saturday will include a hands-on placing session using different additives.cato-precastnz@clear. Precast Hollowcore Flooring and the TAG Group PCNZ The technical advisory group formed to advise on the selection and testing of hollowcore flooring connections into support beams has now run its course. 15 August PCNZ / NPCAA Meeting 9 CCANZ Board Meeting September 22 CCANZ Board Meeting & AGM. a presentation from Dene Cook and a programme for partners attending. (06) 876 5042 night.nz. Programme details and further information will be sent out in early June. and Jim Cagley. phone (06) 873 4428 day.nz New Zealand Concrete Masonry Association Ph (04) 499 8820 Fax (04) 499 7760 Executive Ofﬁcer: Chris Munn President: Chris Badger www. Wellington and Christchurch recently and speakers Professor Nigel Priestley.nzrmca. its contents are not intended to replace the services of professional consultants on particular projects.org. Fax: (04) 499 7760.org.nzcma.nz Executive Ofﬁcer: Ross Cato www.nz.concretesociety.org.