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Honors Precalculus with Trigonometry

Course Description
Honors Precalculus with Trigonometry covers the background in mathematical analysis, linear algebra, and trigonometry needed for success in Advanced Placement calculus. Building on a solid background in algebra and geometry, students deepen their understanding of equations and inequalities involving linear, quadratic, and higher degree polynomials. Important theorems about polynomials such as the Factor Theorem and the Rational Roots Theorem are studied. Students also investigate exponential and logarithmic functions, and they learn to use these functions to model real-world situations. Students learn basic right-angle trigonometry, master the trigonometric functions as defined on the real number line, and apply general principles to graph and understand the qualitative properties of such functions. The definitions and graphs of the inverse trigonometric functions are also covered. Students master the full range of trigonometric identities and use this knowledge to evaluate and prove additional identities. Following a treatment of equations involving trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, students learn the important Law of Sines and Law of Cosines. The trigonometry portion of the course finishes with a treatment of vectors, the trigonometric form for complex numbers, and DeMoivre's Theorem. Students then learn the Gauss-Jordan method for solving linear equations and study the properties of matrix algebra. Following this, students learn special techniques used in solving nonlinear equations and inequalities. The course ends with an investigation of additional topics including mathematical induction, the Binomial Theorem, arithmetic series, and geometric series.

Required Text
Precalculus Lial, Hornsby, Schnieder, and Daniels

Course Topics
Honors Precalculus with Trigonometry requires that students master the following specific topics: Algebraic Expressions The Real Number System, Absolute Value, Polynomials, Rational Expressions, Radicals, Complex Numbers Equations and Inequalities Linear Equations, Absolute Value Equations, Quadratic Equations, Inequalities Relations and Functions The Cartesian Plane, Functions, Graphing Techniques, The Algebra of Functions, Inverse Functions, Variation Polynomial and Rational Functions Linear Functions, Quadratic Functions, Polynomial Functions of Higher Degree, Polynomial Long Division, Complex Zeros of Polynomials, Rational Functions

Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Exponential Functions, Logarithmic Functions, Evaluating Logarithms, Mathematical Modeling with Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Trigonometric Functions Definitions of Trigonometric Functions, Values of Trigonometric Functions, Graphs of the Sine and Cosine Functions, Graphs of Other Trigonometric, Functions, Inverse Trigonometric Functions Trigonometric Identities Fundamental Trigonometric Identities, Sum and Difference Identities, Multiple, Angle Identities, Sum-toProduct Identities, Evaluating Identities, Trigonometric Equations Applications of Trigonometry Law of Sines, Law of Cosines, Vectors and Trigonometry, Trigonometric Form of Complex Numbers, DeMoivre's Theorem Systems of Equations and Inequalities Systems of Linear Equations, The Matrix Method for Solving Systems, Properties of Matrices, Matrix Inverses, Determinants, Cramer's Rule, Non-linear Systems of Equations, Systems of Inequalities Additional Topics Mathematical Induction, The Binomial Theorem, Arithmetic Series, Geometric Series

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of Honors Precalculus with Trigonometry, students will demonstrate proficiency in: Applying techniques related to the above topics to solve problems Understanding the nature of rigorous logical thinking Expressing mathematics clearly, in both written and oral communication Working creatively toward solutions to novel problems Understanding the qualitative differences between linear, polynomial, rational, logarithmic, exponential, and trigonometric functions as well as their typical applications

Sample Assignment
1. 2. 3. Find all fourth roots of Solve the equation . Write your answers in (exact) rectangular form. . Leave answers in trigonometric form.

One rope pulls a barge directly east with a force of 100 newtons. Another rope pulls the barge to the northeast with a force of 200 newtons. Find the resultant force acting of the barge, to the nearest unit, and the angle between the resultant and the first rope, to the nearest tenth.


A plane has an airspeed of 520 mph. The pilot wishes to fly on a bearing of 310. A wind of 37 mph is blowing from a bearing of 212. What direction should the pilot fly, and what will be her actual speed?