You are on page 1of 12

A

Electric Power / Controls

SYNCHRO-SERVO TRAINING SYSTEM, MODEL 8060

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Lab-Volt Model 8060 Synchro-Servo Training System is a portable, self-contained, educational system. Its modular design allows the student to observe and analyze the fundamental components of the servo system and associated electronic circuits. The Model 8060 allows students to build synchro-servo systems of their own by interconnecting components. This ability increases their working knowledge of components and circuitry, and reinforces their comprehension of block diagrams. The Model 8060 provides a basic understanding of operational theory, as well as the ability to analyze, troubleshoot, and demonstrate open- and closed-loop synchro-servo systems. System interconnections, operating signal states, trouble symptoms, and zeroing errors are easily conveyed and identified through the use of front panel interconnection jacks and stacking leads. The front panels are clearly silk-screened with standard electrical and servo-mechanism symbols, representing each module's function. The Synchro-Servo Training System is primarily an analog positional control device. It operates on low voltages from the power supply, which is built into the system en closure. When the control modules are inserted into the enclosure, they are automatically energized (provided that the main power switch is on). Solid state amplifier modules provide signal amplification, phase shift, and power gain typically required in practical systems. The system enclosure, with built-in back-panel connectors, accepts control modules and synchro-servo modules. Both have fault-insertion capabilities that introduce common system or component malfunctions. The synchro-servo modules can be mechanically coupled to a load by a timing belt. Auxiliary coupling can also be accomplished via a circular section belt.

(732) 938-2000 / 800-LAB-VOLT, FAX: (732) 774-8573, E-MAIL: us@labvolt.com (418) 849-1000 / 800-LAB-VOLT, FAX: (418) 849-1666, E-MAIL: ca@labvolt.com INTERNET: http://www.labvolt.com

SYNCHRO-SERVO TRAINING SYSTEM MODEL 8060


Model 8846 Power Supply Model 9037 Error Detectors

The Power Supply, Model 8846, is an integral part of the system enclosure. It features both short circuit and overvoltage protection. Model 9036 Potentiometers

The Error Detectors module, Model 9037, enables the servomechanism systems to have either two feedback loops or two command inputs. It consists of a pair of independent summing amplifiers, each of which has two inverting inputs and one non-inverting input. Model 9038 Modulator / Demodulator

The Potentiometers module, Model 9036, is designed to facilitate the injection of system control signals. It contains two independent 1-k potentiometers, which have built-in current-limiting protection. Each potentiometer wiper is switch-controlled so that a step input can be manually injected.

The Modulator / Demodulator, Model 9038, is designed to interface AC and DC systems. The modulator and demodulator portions are entirely independent of each other, and the output of each section is directly proportional to the signal applied. The modulator section is used for DC to AC conversion while the demodulator section is used for converting AC to DC.

Model 9039 Phase Shifter / Power Amplifier

Model 9047 Capacitor

The Phase Shifter / Power Amplifier, Model 9039, consists of two completely independent sections: the phase shifter portion and the power amplifier. The phase shifter provides the second phase required to create torque in the two-phase AC motor. The power amplifier will operate in either the AC or DC mode, thus providing power for both types of loads. An LED indicator lights up when the power amplifier becomes saturated. Model 9041 Signal Amplifiers

The Capacitor module, Model 9047, is used to increase the torque output of the Synchro Receiver (TR), Model 9316. The torque output of the Receiver decreases when operated at power supply frequencies below its nominal frequency of 400 Hz. The module consists of a 175-F capacitor, to be connected in series with the rotor winding of the Synchro Receiver (TR), and which optimizes torque output at frequencies of 50 and 60 Hz. Model 9313 Synchro Transmitter (TX)

The Signal Amplifiers, Model 9041, is used to control the signal level of each feedback loop. It includes two variable gain amplifiers which are completely independent of each other.

The Synchro Transmitter (TX), Model 9313, is used to provide positioning control of the Model 9316 Synchro Receiver (TR) module. It can also be coupled with the Synchro Differential Transmitter (TDX), Model 9315, thus permitting differential positioning control of the receiver. The transmitter is equipped with an adjustable zeroing feature.

SYNCHRO-SERVO TRAINING SYSTEM MODEL 8060


Model 9314 Synchro Control Transmitter (CX) Model 9316 Synchro Receiver (TR)

The Synchro Control Transmitter (CX), Model 9314, provides positioning control. The control transmitter is equipped with an adjustable zeroing feature. Model 9315 Synchro Differential Transmitter (TDX)

The Synchro Receiver (TR), Model 9316, is used to output the positioning control signals. The module has an adjustable zeroing feature. Model 9318 DC Servo Motor / DC Tacho-Generator

The Synchro Differential Transmitter (TDX), Model 9315, is used to perform the algebraic subtraction of two positioning control signals. This module has an adjustable zeroing feature.

The DC Servo Motor / DC Tacho-Generator, Model 9318, supplies mechanical power to the load. A DC tachometer generates a signal proportional to the speed of the motor.

Model 9319 AC Servo Motor / Asynchronous Tacho-Generator

Model 9320 Inertia/Friction Load

The AC Servo Motor / Asynchronous Tacho-Generator, Model 9319, supplies mechanical power to the load. An AC tachometer generates a signal proportional to the speed of the two-phase motor.

The Inertia/Friction Load, Model 9320, is designed to provide varying loads, common to real-world conditions. Friction is obtained by means of an eddy current brake, while variable inertia is achieved through the use of a flywheel. Accurate positioning of the load is accomplished with a precision potentiometer or a control transformer, which has an adjustable zeroing feature. A shaft encoder gives the relative position of the load, and a spring loaded belt tensioner assures constant tension for repetitive loading.

ADDITIONAL AND OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT


The following modules are not covered by Lab-Volt regular courseware but may, at the instructor's discretion, be used to enhance the laboratory program. Model 9040 Tachometer Buffers

The Tachometer Buffers, Model 9040, provides impedance matching between the tachometer output and the rest of the circuit. The 9040 filters unwanted noise superimposed on the tachometer signal. A front panel output jack provides the speed signal for the Speed Sensor / Tachometer (Model 8931, optional).

SYNCHRO-SERVO TRAINING SYSTEM MODEL 8060


LIST OF EQUIPMENT FOR SERVO/SYNCHRO, MODEL 8060-1
QTY DESCRIPTION MODEL NUMBER

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Connection Leads and Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Potentiometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Error Detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Modulator / Demodulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Phase Shifter / Power Amplifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Signal Amplifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Capacitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Synchro Transmitter (TX) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Synchro Control Transmitter (CX) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Synchro Differential Transmitter (TDX) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Synchro Receiver (TR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DC Servo Motor / DC Tacho-Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Servo Motor / Asynchronous Tacho-Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inertia/Friction Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Student Manual and Instructor Guide included (see Courseware section)

8846 8944 9036 9037 9038 9039 9041 9047 9313 9314 9315 9316 9318 9319 9320

ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT REQUIRED TO PERFORM EXPERIMENTS


QTY DESCRIPTION MODEL NUMBER

1 1 1

Dual Trace Oscilloscope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 797 Analog Multimeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8946-1 Function Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9033

SPECIFICATIONS
Model 8846 Power Supply Power Requirement AC/DC Supply Reference Supply TTL DC Supply Physical Characteristics Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight Model 8944 Connection Leads and Accessories Current Capacity White Leads Yellow Leads Red Leads Timing Belt Circular Section Belt Model 9036 Potentiometers Physical Characteristics Model 9037 Error Detectors Input Voltage Output Voltage Voltage Gain (for each input) Input Power Physical Characteristics Model 9038 Modulator / Demodulator Modulator AC Reference Input Voltage Input Voltage Output Voltage Input Impedance Demodulator AC Reference Input Voltage Input Voltage Output Voltage Input Impedance Input Power Physical Characteristics Dimensions ( H x W x D) Net Weight Model 9039 Phase Shifter / Power Amplifier Phase Shifter Input Voltage Output Voltage Phase Shift Voltage Gain Input Impedance Power Amplifier Input Voltage Output Voltage Voltage Gain (AC) Voltage Gain (DC) Input Impedance 0 to 8 V AC 0 to 8 V AC +90E 1 100 k 0 to 12 V peak 0 to 12 V peak 0.5 to 100 1 to 200 100 k 0 to 10 V peak 0 to 18 V peak 8 V AC maximum 100 k 0 to 10 V peak 0 to 8 V AC 0 to 8 V DC 100 k 15 V DC 10 mA 143 x 63 x 240 mm (5.6 x 2.5 x 9.5 in) 0.70 kg (1.5 lb) Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight 0 to 12 V 0 to 12 V 1 15 V DC 6 mA 143 x 63 x 240 mm (5.6 x 2.5 x 9.5 in) 0.60 kg (1.3 lb) Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight 143 x 63 x 240 mm (5.6 x 2.5 x 9.5 in) 0.60 kg (1.3 lb) 7.5 A maximum per lead 13; 150 mm (6 in) 10; 300 mm (12 in) 10; 450 mm (18 in) 6.3 mm ( in) 3.18 mm x 10 cm (0.125 x 4 in) Current 120 V 60 Hz 2A 15 V DC 1 A 20 V AC 3 A 10 V DC 0.1 A 10 V AC 0.1 A 5 V DC 1 A 297 X 415 X 280 mm (11.7 X 16.4 X 11 in) 17.7 kg (39 lb) 220 V 50 Hz 1A 240 V 50 Hz

SYNCHRO-SERVO TRAINING SYSTEM MODEL 8060 SPECIFICATIONS (cont'd)


Model 9039 Phase Shifter / Power Amplifier (cont'd) Input Power Physical Characteristics Model 9040 Tachometer Buffers DC Buffer Input Voltage Output Voltage Voltage Gain Input Impedance AC Buffer Input Voltage Output Voltage Voltage Gain Input Impedance Tach Output Input Power Physical Characteristics Model 9041 Signal Amplifiers Amplifier Number 1 Input Voltage Output Voltage Voltage Gain Input Impedance Amplifier Number 2 Input Voltage Output Voltage Voltage Gain Input Impedance Input Power Physical Characteristics Model 9047 Capacitor Capacitor Value Physical Characteristics Model 9313 Synchro Transmitter (TX) Size Rotor Voltage Rotor Current Stator Voltage Rotor Resistance Stator Resistance (between 2 phases) Physical Characteristics Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight Model 9314 Synchro Control Transmitter (CX) Size Rotor Voltage Rotor Current Stator Voltage Rotor Resistance Stator Resistance (between 2 phases) 11 20 V 60 Hz 56 mA 12.8 V AC 154 141 23 20 V 60 Hz 820 mA 15.6 V AC 3 4 192 x 127 x 177 mm (7.6 x 5 x 7 in) 2.5 kg (5.5 lb) Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight 175 F 143 x 63 x 240 mm (5.6 x 2.5 x 9.5 in) 0.9 kg (2 lb) Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight 0 to 15 V peak 0 to 15 V peak 0.4 to 2.0 100 k 0 to 12 V peak 0 to 12 V peak 0.2 to 1 100 k 15 V DC 5 mA 143 x 63 x 240 mm (5.6 x 2.5 x 9.5 in) 0.7 kg (1.5 lb) Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight Output Voltage 0 to 12 V DC 5 V DC/250 r/min of knob 0.6 100 k 0 to 8 V AC 5 V AC/250 r/min of knob 0.55 100 k 5 V DC/250 r/min of knob 15 V DC 25 mA 143 x 63 x 240 mm (5.6 x 2.5 x 9.5 in) 0.7 kg (1.5 lb) Rear Connector Front Panel Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight 15 V DC 30 mA 15 V DC 1 A 143 x 63 x 240 mm (5.6 x 2.5 x 9.5 in) 1 kg (2.2 lb)

SPECIFICATIONS (cont'd)
Model 9314 Synchro Control Transmitter (CX) (cont'd) Physical Characteristics Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight Model 9315 Synchro Differential Transmitter (TDX) Size Stator Voltage Stator Current Rotor Voltage Rotor Resistance Stator Resistance Physical Characteristics Model 9316 Synchro Receiver (TR) Size Rotor Voltage Rotor Current Stator Voltage Rotor Resistance Stator Resistance (between 2 phases) Rotor inertia (including knob) Physical Characteristics Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight Model 9318 DC Servo Motor / DC Tacho-Generator DC Motor No Load Speed Stall torque1 Rotor moment of inertia DC Generator Rotor Moment of Inertia Gear Assembly (moment of inertia) Knob Large Gear Small Gear Total Inertia Referred to Knob Physical Characteristics Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight Model 9319 AC Servo Motor / Asynchronous Tacho-Generator AC Motor Reference Phase Voltage Control Phase Voltage Reference Phase Stall Current Control Phase Stall Current Reference Phase Resistance Control Phase Resistance No Load Speed Small Torque AC Generator Input Phase Voltage Output Phase Voltage Input Phase Resistance Output Phase Resistance Rotor (moment of inertia) Gear Assembly (moment of inertia) Knob Large Gear Small Gear
1

192 x 127 x 177 mm (7.6 x 5 x 7 in) 1.7 kg (3.7 lb) 23 14.5 V AC 60 Hz 550 mA 14.5 V AC 60 Hz 5.5 50

Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight

192 x 127 x 177 mm (7.6 x 5 x 7 in) 2.5 kg (5.5 lb) 23 20 V 60 Hz 1.1 A 15.6 V AC 3.9 5.8 230.9 g.cm2 192 x 127 x 177 mm (7.6 x 5 x 7 in) 2.5 kg (5.5 lb) 12 V DC 830 mA DC 180 r/min measured at knob 4000 g.cm measured at knob 21 g.cm2

Input Voltage Stall Current1

Output Voltage

3.50 V DC/100 r/min of knob 8.5 g.cm2 75.9 g.cm2 318 g.cm2 0.9 g. cm2 15720 g.cm2 192 x 127 x 177 mm (7.6 x 5 x 7 in) 2.3 kg (5 lb) 20 V ac 0 to 10 V AC 0.35 A AC 10 V AC 0.65 A 20 6 200 r/min 2300 g.cm measured at knob 20 V AC 3.65 V AC/100 r/min of knob 10 6.2 5.4 g. cm2 75.9 g.cm2 318 g.cm2 1.6 g.cm2

Measured with V12 = 12 V dc

SYNCHRO-SERVO TRAINING SYSTEM MODEL 8060 SPECIFICATIONS (cont'd)


Model 9319 AC Servo Motor / Asynchronous Tacho-Generator (cont'd) Total Inertia Referred to Knob Physical Characteristics Model 9320 Inertia/Friction Load Control Potentiometer Control Transformer (CT) Size Stator Voltage Stator Current Rotor Voltage Knob and Circular Scale Scale Diameter Scale Graduation Moment of Inertia Inertia Wheel Diameter Thickness Moment of Inertia Eddy Current Brake Shaft Encoder 2 outputs: A and B Phase Shift Duty Cycle Pulse Rate Moment of inertia Gear Assembly (moments of inertia) Total Inertia Referred to Knob (without inertia wheel) Total Inertia Referred to Knob (including inertia wheel) Physical Characteristics Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight Large Gear Small Gear 1 k 11 13 V AC 12 mA 5.7 V 76.2 mm (3 in) 0E to 360E (2E increments) 75.9 g.cm2 750 mm (29.5 in) 6.4 mm (25 in) 1561 g.cm2 Two permanent magnets apply current through shaft encoder disk to develop variable friction TTL compatible 90E between A and B A leading B clockwise rotation of knob 50% 100 pulses/revolution of knob 80.6 g.cm2 318 g.cm2 1.8 g.m2 2805 g.cm2 41,830 g.cm2 192 x 127 x 177 mm (7.5 x 5 x 6.97 in) 3.1 kg (6.8 lb) Dimensions (H x W x D) Net Weight 7300 g.cm2 192 x 127 x 177 mm (7.6 x 5 x 7 in) 2.5 kg (5.5 lb)

COURSEWARE
ORDERING NUMBERS2

Student Manuals Servo/Synchro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26183-00 The Resolver (optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27244-00 Instructor Guide Servo/Synchro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26183-10

TOPIC COVERAGE
C Servomechanisms Power Supplies and Potentiometers Power Amplifiers and Signal Amplifiers Open-Loop Control of a DC Motor AC Motor and Phase Shifter DC and AC Tachometers Open-Loop Speed Control of an AC Motor System Disturbances Response of an Open-Loop Control System Error Detector Principles of Closed-Loop Control Closed-Loop Speed Control of a DC Motor Modulator Closed-Loop Speed Control of an AC Motor Position Control of a DC Motor Overshoot and Viscous Damping of a Position Servo Position Control of an AC Motor Instability of Closed-Loop Control Systems Instability of a Position Control System C Synchros Introduction to Synchros Adjusting the Zero Position of Synchros Control Transmitter and Control Transformer Synchro Position Control System The Demodulator and Synchro Control of a DC Motor Torque Transmitter and Receiver Differential Control Transmitters and Torque Transmitters

Various versions are available. Refer to Ordering Number section.

SYNCHRO-SERVO TRAINING SYSTEM MODEL 8060 ORDERING NUMBERS


ENGLISH 120 V 60 Hz FRENCH SPANISH ENGLISH 220 V 50 Hz FRENCH SPANISH 240 V 50 Hz ENGLISH

797-20 8060-10 8846-00 8944-00 8946-10 9033-00 9036-00 9037-00 9038-00 9039-00 9040-00 9041-00 9047-00 9313-00 9314-00 9315-00 9316-00 9318-00 9319-00 9320-00

797-20 8060-11 8846-01 8944-00 8946-10 9033-01 9036-01 9037-01 9038-01 9039-01 9040-01 9041-01 9047-01 9313-01 9314-01 9315-01 9316-01 9318-01 9319-01 9320-01

797-20 8060-12 8846-02 8944-00 8946-10 9033-02 9036-02 9037-02 9038-02 9039-02 9040-02 9041-02 9047-02 9313-02 9314-02 9315-02 9316-02 9318-02 9319-02 9320-02

797-25 8060-15 8846-05 8944-00 8946-10 9033-00 9036-00 9037-00 9038-00 9039-00 9040-00 9041-00 9047-00 9313-00 9314-00 9315-00 9316-00 9318-00 9319-00 9320-00

797-25 8060-16 8846-06 8944-00 8946-10 9033-01 9036-01 9037-01 9038-01 9039-01 9040-01 9041-01 9047-01 9313-01 9314-01 9315-01 9316-01 9318-01 9319-01 9320-01

797-25 8060-17 8846-07 8944-00 8946-10 9033-02 9036-02 9037-02 9038-02 9039-02 9040-02 9041-02 9047-02 9313-02 9314-02 9315-02 9316-02 9318-02 9319-02 9320-02

797-25 8060-1A 8846-0A 8944-00 8946-10 9033-00 9036-00 9037-00 9038-00 9039-00 9040-00 9041-00 9047-00 9313-00 9314-00 9315-00 9316-00 9318-00 9319-00 9320-00

Table 1. Equipment Ordering Numbers 120 V 60 Hz FRENCH 220 V 50 Hz FRENCH 240 V 50 Hz ENGLISH

ENGLISH

SPANISH

ENGLISH

SPANISH

26183-00 26183-10 27244-00

26183-01 N/A3 N/A

26183-02 26183-12 N/A

26183-00 26183-10 27244-00

26183-01 N/A N/A

26183-02 26183-12 N/A

26183-00 26183-10 27244-00

Table 2. Courseware Ordering Numbers

N/A = Not available

Lab-Volt reserves the right to make product improvements at any time and without notice and is not responsible for typographical errors. Lab-Volt recognizes all product names used herein as trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. Copyright 2008, Lab-Volt Systems, Inc. TA14673-00 Rev. C3