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ISL WEEK 5

ELE 3102

Individual work Read and make short notes from: i. Brown (2001). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy, pp 109-174, 177-191.

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ii. Chitravelu (2005). ELT Methodology: Principles and Practice, pp 277-296. COMMUNICATING WITH THE CLASS

Communicating with the class

Verbal communication

Non-Verbal communication

The verbal component

The vocal aspect

Eye contact

Facial expression

Gestures

Position and movement

TEACHING TECHNIQUES

Beginning a lesson

Using instructional aids

Questioning

Responding to learners

Ending the lesson

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CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT

Managing the learning environment


Acceptable noise level

Physical environment

Procedure for classroom routine

Amount of T & S talk

Organizing students

Whole class

Whole class locked together Tradistional classroom Teacher is dominant

Group work

Heterogenous (different ability level) Homogenous (same ability level) Organizing GW -Decide an approprate size -Plan the 'movement' -Devise an appropriate activity -Allow them to use what English they know -Allocate enough time -Give clear instruction -Do not interfere -Do not correct errors -Allow for feedback

Pair work

Fixed pair (Sane partner throughout the entire activity Flexible partner (Changing partners)

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Individual work

In class At home

Self-directed learning

Students responsible for his own learning S willing to be responsible for his learning

Managing large classes

Catering to student need Opportunity to use the language Individual practice in listening and speaking Work in pairs, groups, teams Teacher moving around to help students

Organizing studentcentred activities Seating arrangement Consider inviting a colleague to team teach Voices are only loud enough

Organizing the physical movement Use walls of the classroom effectively Teacher must ensure the classroom environment is conductive to language learning

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Managing mixed-ability classes

Organizing students

Materials and activities


Setting out a set of graded objectives by using materials and activities of different level

Use combinationto organizing students (whole class,group, pairs, individual)

Class begin using the whole class approaches

Materials and activities would be vary

Heterogenous grouping (peer teaching and learning)

Homogebous grouping (teacher present materials and activities tailored to a particluar ability group)

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iii Harmer (2001). The Practice of English Language Teaching, Ch 3 4. CHAPTER 3

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CHAPTER 4