Irregular Verbs

This list gives the infinitive form of the verb, its past tense, and then the past participle. If two forms are given, look the verb up in the dictionary to see whether they have a different meaning.
Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle

arise awake be bear beat become befall begin bend bet bid bind bite bleed blow break breed bring broadcast

arose awoke was/were bore beat

build burn burst bust buy cast catch choose cling come cost creep cut deal dig dive draw

became befell began bent bet, betted bid, bade bound bit bled blew broke bred brought broadcast, (also US) broadcasted built burnt, burned burst (UK ) bust, (US) busted bought cast caught chose clung came cost crept cut dealt dug dived, (also US) dove drew drawn

arisen awoken been borne beaten, (also US) beat become befallen begun bent bet, betted bid, bidden bound bitten bled blown broken bred brought broadcast, (also US) broadcasted built burnt, burned burst (UK ) bust, (US) busted bought cast caught chosen clung come cost crept cut dealt dug dived

dream drink drive dwell eat fall feed feel fight find flee fling fly forbid forecast foresee forget forgive forgo forsake freeze get give go grind grow hang have hear hide hit hold hurt input keep kneel know lay

dreamed, dreamt drunk driven dwelt, dwelled eaten fallen fed felt fought found fled flung flown forbidden forecast, forecasted foreseen forgotten forgiven forgone forsaken frozen got, (also US) gotten gave given went gone ground ground grew grown hung, hanged hung, hanged had had heard heard hid hidden hit hit held held hurt hurt inputted, inputted, input input kept kept knelt, kneeled knelt, kneeled knew known laid laid

dreamed, dreamt drank drove dwelt, dwelled ate fell fed felt fought found fled flung flew forbade forecast, forecasted foresaw forgot forgave forwent forsook froze got

Infinitive

Past Tense

Past Participle

Infinitive

Past Tense

Past Participle

led leaned, (also UK) leant leap leapt, leaped learn learned, (also UK) learnt leave left lend lent let let lie lay, lied light lit, lighted lose lost make made mean meant meet met mislay mislaid mislead misled misread misread misspell misspelled, (also UK) misspelt mistake mistook misunderstand misunderstood mow mowed outdo outdid outgrow outgrew overcome overcame overdo overdid overhang overhung overhear overheard override overrode overrun overran oversee oversaw oversleep overslept overtake overtook overthrow overthrew pay paid plead pleaded, (also US) pled prove proved put quit read rebuild repay rethink rewind put quit read rebuilt repaid rethought rewound

lead lean

led leaned, (also UK) leant leapt, leaped learned, (also UK) learnt left lent let lain, lied lit, lighted lost made meant met mislaid misled misread misspelled, (also UK) misspelt mistaken misunderstood mown, mowed outdone outgrown overcome overdone overhung overheard overridden overrun overseen overslept overtaken overthrown paid pleaded, (also US) pled proved, (also US) proven put quit read rebuilt repaid rethought rewound

rewrite rid ride ring rise run saw say see seek sell send set sew shake shear shed shine shoot show shrink shut sing sink sit slay sleep slide sling slink slit smell sow speak speed spell spend spill spin spit split spoil spread

rewrote rid rode rang rose ran sawed said saw sought sold sent set sewed shook sheared shed shone shot showed shrank shut sang sank sat slew slept slid slung slunk slit smelled, (also UK) smelt sowed spoke sped, speeded spelled, (also UK) spelt spent spilled, (also UK) spilt spun spat, (also US) spit split spoiled, spoilt spread

rewritten rid ridden rung risen run sawn, (also US) sawed said seen sought sold sent set sewn, sewed shaken sheared, shorn shed shone shot shown, showed shrunk shut sung sunk sat slain slept slid slung slunk slit smelled, (also UK) smelt sown, sowed spoken sped, speeded spelled, (also UK) spelt spent spilled, (also UK) spilt spun spat, (also US) spit split spoiled, spoilt spread

Infinitive

Past Tense

Past Participle

Infinitive

Past Tense

Past Participle

spring stand steal stick sting stink stride strike string strive swear sweep swell swim swing take teach tear tell think throw

sprang stood stole stuck stung stank, (also US) stunk strode struck strung strove,strived swore swept swelled swam swung took taught tore told thought threw

sprung stood stolen stuck stung stunk strode struck strung striven, strived sworn swept swollen, swelled swum swung taken taught torn told thought thrown

thrust tread undercut undergo understand undertake undo unwind uphold upset wake wear weave weep wet win wind withdraw withhold withstand wring write

thrust trod undercut underwent understood undertook undid unwound upheld upset woke wore wove, weaved wept wet, wetted won wound withdrew withheld withstood wrung wrote

thrust trodden undercut undergone understood undertaken undone unwound upheld upset woken worn woven, weaved wept wet, wetted won wound withdrawn withheld withstood wrung written