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ISL WEEK 5

ELE 3102

Individual work Read and make short notes from: i. Brown (2001). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy, pg 109-174, 177-191. Page 109-174

Students cognitive learning process Grammar

Role of teacher

Reading and writing goals

Teacher talk

Listening and speaking goals

Factors of teacher role and the students' capacity change

Authenticity of langauge

Technique Student creativity

Fluency and accuracy

ISL WEEK 5

ELE 3102

SECOND AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE CONTEXTS Ways to seize ESL advantage Encourage students to seek out opportunities for practice Encourage students to seek corrective feedback from others

Give homework that involves a specific speaking task

Have students keep a log or diary of their extra class learning

Field trip

Social ''mixer''

Invite speaker

How to compensate the lack of ready communication

Use class time for optional authetic language input

Don't waste class time on work that can be done as h/work

Provide regular motivating-stimulating activities

Help students to see genuine uses of Eng in theor own lives

Play down the role of tests

Provide plenty of extra class learning opportunity

Encourage the use of lerning stategies outside class

Form a language club

ISL WEEK 5

ELE 3102

TECHNIQUE REDEFINED

Task

Specialized form of technique closely allied with communicative curricula and as such must minimally have communicative goals

Anything that lerners do in class Activity

Procedure

The actual moment-to-moment techniques, practices, and behaviors that operate in teaching a language according to a particular method

Practice, bahavior, exercise, startegy

Defined below as technique

Various activities that either teacher or learners perform in the classroom Technique

ISL WEEK 5

ELE 3102

COMPUTER-ASSISTED LANGUAGE LEARNING (CALL) Benefits of including a computer component in language instruction

multimodal practice with feedback

individualization in a large class

pair and small-group work on projects

the fun factor

variety in the resources available

exploratory learning

real-life skillbuilding in computer use

FORMAT OF A LESSON PLAN

Goal(s)

Objectives

Materials and equipment

Extra class work

Evaluation

Procedure

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INTERACTIVE PRINCIPLES

Automaticity

Learners are freed from keeping language in controlled mode

Intrinsic motivation

Develop a system of self-reward

Strategic investment

Requires the use of strategic language competence

Risk-taking

Interaction requires the risk of failing to produce intended meaning

Language culture connection

Interlocutors be thoroughly versed in the cultural nuances of language

Interlanguage

The complexity of interaction entails a long developmental process of acquisition

Communicative competence

Grammatical, discourse, sociolinguistic, pragmatic, strategic

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ELE 3102

ROLES OF THE INTERACTIVE TEACHER

Controller

Resource

Director

ROLES OF THE INTERACTIVE TEACHER

Facilitator

Manager

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ELE 3102

Page 177-191
ADVANTAGES OF GROUP WORKS

Generates interactive language

Offer an embracing affective climate

Promotes learner responsibility and autonomy

Step toward individualizing instruction

EXCUSES FOR AVOIDING GROUP WORK

The teacher is no longer in control of the class

Students will use their native language

Students' errors will be reinforced in small groups

Teachers cannot monitor all groups at once

Some learners prefer to work alone

ISL WEEK 5

ELE 3102

IMPLEMENTING GROUP WORK IN YOUR CLASSROOM Selecting Appropriate Group Techniques

Practicing dialogues with a partner

Simple question and answer exercises

Performing certain eaningful substitution ''drills''

Quick brainstorming activities

Checking written work

Preparation for merging with a large group

Group Works Activity

Group Works Activity

Games Role play and simulations Drama Projects Interview Brainstorming Information gap Jigsaw Problem solving and decision making Opinion exchange

ISL WEEK 5

ELE 3102

Planning Group Work

Introduce the technique

Justify the use of small groups for the techniques

Model the technique

Give explicit detailed instruction

Devide the class into groups

Check for clarification

Set the task in motion

ISL WEEK 5

ELE 3102

Debriefing

Reporting on task objectives


Leave emough time for group discussion Do not let discussion steal time from another group

Establishing affective support


Encourage some whole class feedback Give feedback for next group work assignment