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STAAD.

Pro
V8i (SELECTseries 4)
Release STAAD.Pro 20.07.09.21
Document Revised on 25 January 2013

Verification Manual
DAA038960-1/0003

STAADVerification Problems
Release STAAD.Pro 20.07.09.21
Date last updated:25 January 2013

Quality Assurance Program


STAAD.Pro V8i (SELECTseries 4) is a suite of proprietary computer programs of Research
Engineers, a Bentley Solutions Center. Although every effort has been made to ensure the
correctness of these programs, neither REI nor Bentley Systems will accept responsibility for any
mistake, error or misrepresentation in or as a result of the usage of these programs.

Verification Manual iii

Table of Contents
STAADVerification Problems
1 Plane Truss: Support Reactions Due to a Joint Load

2 Natural Frequency Calculation

3 Deflection and Moments for a Plate-Bending Finite Element

17

4 Support Reactions for a Simple Frame

27

5 Deflection and stress for a simple beam

35

6 Plane Frame with no Sidesway

43

7 Plane Truss Joint Deflection

51

8 Unequal Plane frame with Sidesway

59

9 Multiple level plane frame with horizontal loads

67

10 Forces in a Space Frame

75

11 Temperature load in different materials

85

12 Deflection and stress of a truss system

93

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

103

14 Concrete Design per ACI 318 Code

119

15 Natural Modes of a Simple Beam

129

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

139

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

151

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

163

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

177

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

189

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

207

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

219

iv STAAD.Pro

Copyright Information
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Verification Manual v

1 Plane Truss: Support Reactions Due to a Joint Load


Objective
To find the support reactions due to a joint load in a plane truss.

Reference
Timoshenko, S., Strength of Materials, Part 1, D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., 3rd edition, 1956, p.346,
problem 3.

Problem
Determine the horizontal reaction at support 4 of the system.
Figure 1-1: Plane truss

Comparison
Table 1-1: Comparison of Support Reaction, in kips, for verification problem no.
1
Result Type

Theory

STAAD
Basic Solver

STAAD
Advanced Solver

8.77

8.77

8.77

STAAD Input
STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 1
*
* REFERENCE `STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. TIMOSHENKO
* PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 3. THE ANSWER IS REACTION = 0.877P.

Verification Manual 1

1 Plane Truss: Support Reactions Due to a Joint Load

* THEREFORE IF P=10, REACTION = 8.77


*
UNITS INCH KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 150. 100. ; 3 150. 50. ; 4 300. 0.
MEMBER INCI
1 1 2 ; 2 1 3 ; 3 2 3 ; 4 2 4 ; 5 3 4
MEMB PROP
1 4 PRIS AX 5.0 ; 2 5 PRIS AX 3.0 ; 3 PRIS AX 2
CONSTANT
E 30000. ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT ; 1 4 PINNED
LOADING 1
JOINT LOAD ; 2 FY -10.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT REACTION
FINISH

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
16:58:18
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 1
INPUT FILE: VER01.STD
2. *
3. * REFERENCE `STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. TIMOSHENKO
4. * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 3. THE ANSWER IS REACTION = 0.877P.
5. * THEREFORE IF P=10, REACTION = 8.77
6. *
7. UNITS INCH KIP
8. JOINT COORD
9. 1 0. 0. ; 2 150. 100. ; 3 150. 50. ; 4 300. 0.
10. MEMBER INCI
11. 1 1 2 ; 2 1 3 ; 3 2 3 ; 4 2 4 ; 5 3 4
12. MEMB PROP
13. 1 4 PRIS AX 5.0 ; 2 5 PRIS AX 3.0 ; 3 PRIS AX 2
14. CONSTANT
15. E 30000. ALL
16. POISSON STEEL ALL
17. SUPPORT ; 1 4 PINNED
18. LOADING 1
19. JOINT LOAD ; 2 FY -10.
20. PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
4 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
5
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
2
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
4

2 STAAD.Pro

1 Plane Truss: Support Reactions Due to a Joint Load

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 1


*
21. PRINT REACTION
REACTION

-- PAGE NO.

Verification Manual 3

1 Plane Truss: Support Reactions Due to a Joint Load

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 1


-- PAGE NO.
*
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH
STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS
----------------JOINT LOAD
FORCE-X
FORCE-Y
FORCE-Z
MOM-X
MOM-Y
MOM Z
1
1
8.77
5.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
4
1
-8.77
5.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
22. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 16:58:31 ****

4 STAAD.Pro

1 Plane Truss: Support Reactions Due to a Joint Load

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 1

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
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* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
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************************************************************

Verification Manual 5

1 Plane Truss: Support Reactions Due to a Joint Load

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 1


-- PAGE NO.
5
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
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10/18/2012
0x3940
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0x15c1
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0x91c1
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EuroCode3.dll
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LoadGen.dll
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MathExtensions.dll
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MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
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NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
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0xac1
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0x77c1
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CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
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0xd6c0
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08/08/2011
0xc880
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EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
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EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
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0xd301
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frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
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10/06/2010
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GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
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0x6ac0
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IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
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IndianSections.mdb
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0xd540
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iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
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JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
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JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
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Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
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Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
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lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
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04/19/2007
0x9ec1
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RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
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RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

6 STAAD.Pro

1 Plane Truss: Support Reactions Due to a Joint Load

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 7

1 Plane Truss: Support Reactions Due to a Joint Load

Notes

8 STAAD.Pro

2 Natural Frequency Calculation


Objective
To find the period of free vibration for a beam supported on two springs with a point mass.

Reference
Timoshenko, S., Young, D., and Weaver, W., Vibration Problems in Engineering, John Wiley &
Sons, 4th edition, 1974. page 11, problem 1.1-3.

Problem
A simple beam is supported by two spring as shown in the figure. Neglecting the distributed mass
of the beam, calculate the period of free vibration of the beam subjected to a load of W.
EI = 30,000.0 ksi
A = 7.0 ft
B = 3.0 ft.
W = 1,000 lbf
K = 300.0 lb/in.
Figure 2-1: Beam supported on springs

Comparison
Table 2-1: Comparison of period, in sec., for verification problem no. 2
Result Type
Period, sec

Theory
0.533

STAAD
Basic Solver
0.533

STAAD
Advanced Solver
0.533

STAAD Input
STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2
*
* REFERENCE 'VIBRATION PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING' BY
* TIMOSHENKO,YOUNG,WEAVER. (4TH EDITION, PAGE 11, PROB 1.1-3)
* THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK IS T = 0.533 sec., viz., F = 1.876 CPS
*
UNIT POUND FEET
JOINT COORD ; 1 0. 0. ; 2 7. 0. ; 3 10. 0.
MEMB INCI ; 1 1 2 2

Verification Manual 9

2 Natural Frequency Calculation

UNIT INCH
SUPPORT
1 3 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 300.
MEMB PROP ; 1 2 PRIS AX 1. IZ 1.
CONSTANT
E 30E6 ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1
LOADING 1 1000 LB LOAD AT JOINT 2
JOINT LOAD ; 2 FY -1000.
MODAL CALCULATION
PERFORM ANALYS
FINISH

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
16:58:35
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2
INPUT FILE: VER02.STD
2. *
3. * REFERENCE 'VIBRATION PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING' BY
4. * TIMOSHENKO,YOUNG,WEAVER. (4TH EDITION, PAGE 11, PROB 1.1-3)
5. * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK IS T = 0.533 SEC., VIZ., F = 1.876 CPS
6. *
7. UNIT POUND FEET
8. JOINT COORD ; 1 0. 0. ; 2 7. 0. ; 3 10. 0.
9. MEMB INCI ; 1 1 2 2
10. UNIT INCH
11. SUPPORT
12. 1 3 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 300.
13. MEMB PROP ; 1 2 PRIS AX 1. IZ 1.
14. CONSTANT
15. E 30E6 ALL
16. POISSON STEEL ALL
17. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1
18. LOADING 1 1000 LB LOAD AT JOINT 2
19. JOINT LOAD ; 2 FY -1000.
20. MODAL CALCULATION
21. PERFORM ANALYS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
3 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
2
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
2
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
7

10 STAAD.Pro

2 Natural Frequency Calculation

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2
*
NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED
NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL
NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED
*** EIGENSOLUTION : ADVANCED METHOD

-- PAGE NO.
=
=
=
***

1
1
1

Verification Manual 11

2 Natural Frequency Calculation

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2

-- PAGE NO.

*
CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE
1
FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC)
PERIOD(SEC)
1.876
0.53317
MODAL WEIGHT (MODAL MASS TIMES g) IN POUN
GENERALIZED
MODE
X
Y
Z
WEIGHT
1
0.000000E+00 9.999999E+02 0.000000E+00
9.999999E+02
PARTICIPATION FACTORS
MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT
-------------------------------------MODE
X
Y
Z
SUMM-X
SUMM-Y
SUMM-Z
1
0.00100.00 0.00
0.000 100.000
0.000
22. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 16:58:49 ****
MODE
1

12 STAAD.Pro

2 Natural Frequency Calculation

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

Verification Manual 13

2 Natural Frequency Calculation

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2
-- PAGE NO.
5
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
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EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
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EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
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IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
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LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
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MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
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SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
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SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
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SurfMeshEngine.dll
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CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
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CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
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canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
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ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
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Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

14 STAAD.Pro

2 Natural Frequency Calculation

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 15

2 Natural Frequency Calculation

Notes

16 STAAD.Pro

3 Deflection and Moments for a Plate-Bending Finite Element


Objective
To find the deflection and moments for plate-bending finite element due to a pressure load.

Reference
Simple hand calculation by considering the entire structure as a cantilever beam.

Problem
A simple cantilever plate is divided into 12 4-noded finite elements. A uniform pressure load is
applied and the maximum deflection at the tip of the cantilever and the maximum bending at the
support are calculated.
Plate thickness = 25 mm
Uniform pressure= 5 N/mm 2
Plate length = 6 spaces at 50 mm = 300 mm
Plate width = 2 space at 50 mm = 100 mm
Figure 3-1: Finite element mesh of cantilevered plate.

Theoretical Solution
Maximum deflection is equal to WL3/8EI, where:
max =

( )( )

5 300 100 (300)

3
3

3 100 25
8210 10

12

4050(10)

218.75(10) 9

= 18.51 mm

Maximum Moment:
Verification Manual 17

3 Deflection and Moments for a Plate-Bending Finite Element

max=

WL
2

5(300)(100)(300)
2

= 22.5(10)6 Nmm

Comparison
Table 3-1: Comparison of max. defl. and max. moment for verification problem
no. 3
Result Type

max

(mm)

max

(KNm)

Hand
Calculation

STAAD
Basic
Solver

STAAD
Advanced
Solver

18.51

18.20

18.20

22.50

22.50

22.50

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
16:58:54
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION
INPUT FILE: ver03.STD
2. *
3. * FILE : VER03.STD
4. *
5. * DEFLECTION OF A CANTILEVER PLATE UNDER UNIFORM PRESSURE.
6. * COMPARISON WITH ESTABLISHED FORMULA (WL^3/8EI)
7. *
8. UNIT KNS MMS
9. JOINT COORDINATES
10. 1 0 0 0 7 300 0 0
11. REPEAT 2 0 50 0
12. *
13. ELEMENT INCIDENCE
14. 1 1 2 9 8 TO 6
15. REPEAT 1 6 7
16. *
17. ELEMENT PROP
18. 1 TO 12 THICK 25.0
19. *
20. CONSTANT
21. E 210.0 ALL
22. POISSON STEEL ALL
23. *
24. SUPPORT
25. 1 8 15 FIXED
26. *
27. UNIT NEWTON
28. LOAD 1 5N/SQ.MM. UNIFORM LOAD
29. ELEMENT LOAD
30. 1 TO 12 PRESSURE 5.0
31. *

18 STAAD.Pro

3 Deflection and Moments for a Plate-Bending Finite Element

32. PERFORM ANALYSIS

Verification Manual 19

3 Deflection and Moments for a Plate-Bending Finite Element

FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION

-- PAGE NO.

*
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
21 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
0
NUMBER OF PLATES
12 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
3
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
33. *
34. PRINT DISPLACEMENT LIST 14
DISPLACE LIST
14

20 STAAD.Pro

108

3 Deflection and Moments for a Plate-Bending Finite Element

FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION


-- PAGE NO.
*
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
Z-ROTAN
14
1
0.0000
0.0000
1.8159
0.0000
-0.0813
0.0000
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
35. *
36. UNIT KN METER
37. PRINT REACTION
REACTION

Verification Manual 21

3 Deflection and Moments for a Plate-Bending Finite Element

FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION


-- PAGE NO.
*
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
METE
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------JOINT LOAD
FORCE-X
FORCE-Y
FORCE-Z
MOM-X
MOM-Y
MOM Z
1
1
0.00
0.00
-18.91
-1.54
5.47
0.00
8
1
0.00
0.00
-112.19
0.00
11.56
0.00
15
1
0.00
0.00
-18.91
1.54
5.47
0.00
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
38. FINISH

22 STAAD.Pro

3 Deflection and Moments for a Plate-Bending Finite Element

FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION

-- PAGE NO.

*
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 16:59: 5 ****
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

Verification Manual 23

3 Deflection and Moments for a Plate-Bending Finite Element

FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION


-- PAGE NO.
6
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

24 STAAD.Pro

3 Deflection and Moments for a Plate-Bending Finite Element

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 25

3 Deflection and Moments for a Plate-Bending Finite Element

Notes

26 STAAD.Pro

4 Support Reactions for a Simple Frame


Objective
To find support reactions due to a load at the free end of a cantilever bent plate with an
intermediate support.

Reference
Timoshenko, S., Strength of Materials, Part 1, D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., 3rd edition, 1956, page 346,
problem 2.

Problem
Determine the reaction of the system as shown in the figure.
P = 1 kip
L = 10 in
Figure 4-1: Cantilever model

Comparison
Table 4-1: Comparison of reaction, in kips, for verification problem no. 4
Result Type
R

STAAD
Basic Solver

Theory
1.5

1.5

STAAD
Advanced Solver
1.5

Verification Manual 27

4 Support Reactions for a Simple Frame

STAAD Input
STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 4
*
* REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. TIMOSHENKO
* PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 2. THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK AFTER
* RECALCULATION = 1.5
*
UNIT INCH KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 0. 10. ; 3 0. 20. ; 4 10. 20.
MEMB INCI
1 1 2 3
MEMB PROP ; 1 2 3 PRIS AX 10. IZ 100.
CONSTANT
E 3000. ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORT
1 FIXED ; 2 FIXED BUT FY MZ
LOADING 1
JOINT LOAD ; 4 FY -1.
PERFORM ANALYS
PRINT REACTION
FINI

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
16:59: 9
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 4
INPUT FILE: VER04.STD
2. *
3. * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. TIMOSHENKO
4. * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 2. THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK AFTER
5. * RECALCULATION = 1.5
6. *
7. UNIT INCH KIP
8. JOINT COORD
9. 1 0. 0. ; 2 0. 10. ; 3 0. 20. ; 4 10. 20.
10. MEMB INCI
11. 1 1 2 3
12. MEMB PROP ; 1 2 3 PRIS AX 10. IZ 100.
13. CONSTANT
14. E 3000. ALL
15. POISSON CONCRETE ALL
16. SUPPORT
17. 1 FIXED ; 2 FIXED BUT FY MZ
18. LOADING 1
19. JOINT LOAD ; 4 FY -1.
20. PERFORM ANALYS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
4 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
3
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
2

28 STAAD.Pro

4 Support Reactions for a Simple Frame

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER


TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

Verification Manual 29

4 Support Reactions for a Simple Frame

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 4


*
21. PRINT REACTION
REACTION

30 STAAD.Pro

-- PAGE NO.

4 Support Reactions for a Simple Frame

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 4


-- PAGE NO.
*
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------JOINT LOAD
FORCE-X
FORCE-Y
FORCE-Z
MOM-X
MOM-Y
MOM Z
1
1
1.50
1.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-5.00
2
1
-1.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
22. FINI
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 16:59:19 ****

Verification Manual 31

4 Support Reactions for a Simple Frame

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 4

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

32 STAAD.Pro

4 Support Reactions for a Simple Frame

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 4


-- PAGE NO.
5
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

Verification Manual 33

4 Support Reactions for a Simple Frame

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

34 STAAD.Pro

5 Deflection and stress for a simple beam


Objective
To find deflections and stress at the center of a locomotive axle.

Reference
Timoshenko, S., Strength of Materials, Part- 1, D. Van Nostrand Co., 3rd edition, 1956. page 97,
problems 1, 2.

Problem
Determine the maximum stress in a locomotive axle (as shown in the figure) as well as the
deflection at the middle of the axle.
Diameter = 10 in.,
P = 26000 lbf
E = 30E6 psi
L1 = 13.5 in., L2 = 59 in.
Figure 5-1: Locomotive axle model

Comparison
Table 5-1: Comparison of stress (), psi, and Deflection (), in. for verification
model no. 5
Result Type

Theory

STAAD
Basic Solver

STAAD
Advanced Solver

3575.*

3575.

3575.

0.01040

0.01037

0.01037

* The value is recalculated.

Verification Manual 35

5 Deflection and stress for a simple beam

STAAD Input
STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 5
*
* REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. TIMOSHENKO
* PAGE 97 PROBLEM NO. 1 AND 2. ANSWERS ARE 3580 FOR MAX. STRESS
* AND 0.104 INCH FOR MAX. DEFLECTION.
*
UNIT INCH POUND
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 13.5 0. ; 3 43. 0. ; 4 72.5 0. ; 5 86. 0.
MEMB INCI ; 1 1 2 4
MEMB PROP ; 1 TO 4 TABLE ST PIPE OD 10. ID 0.
CONSTANT
E 30E6 ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT ; 2 4 PINNED
LOADING 1
JOINT LOAD ; 1 5 FY -26000.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT MEMBER STRESSES
PRINT DISPLACEMENTS
FINISH

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
16:59:24
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 5
INPUT FILE: VER05.STD
2. *
3. * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. TIMOSHENKO
4. * PAGE 97 PROBLEM NO. 1 AND 2. ANSWERS ARE 3580 FOR MAX. STRESS
5. * AND 0.104 INCH FOR MAX. DEFLECTION.
6. *
7. UNIT INCH POUND
8. JOINT COORD
9. 1 0. 0. ; 2 13.5 0. ; 3 43. 0. ; 4 72.5 0. ; 5 86. 0.
10. MEMB INCI ; 1 1 2 4
11. MEMB PROP ; 1 TO 4 TABLE ST PIPE OD 10. ID 0.
12. CONSTANT
13. E 30E6 ALL
14. POISSON STEEL ALL
15. SUPPORT ; 2 4 PINNED
16. LOADING 1
17. JOINT LOAD ; 1 5 FY -26000.
18. PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
5 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
4
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
2
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
11

36 STAAD.Pro

5 Deflection and stress for a simple beam

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 5


*
19. PRINT MEMBER STRESSES
MEMBER
STRESSES

-- PAGE NO.

Verification Manual 37

5 Deflection and stress for a simple beam

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 5


-- PAGE NO.
*
MEMBER STRESSES
--------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH
MEMB
LD SECT
AXIAL
BEND-Y
BEND-Z
COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z
1
1
.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
441.4
0.0
1.00
0.0
0.0
3575.3
3575.3
441.4
0.0
2
1
.0
0.0
0.0
3575.3
3575.3
0.0
0.0
1.00
0.0
0.0
3575.3
3575.3
0.0
0.0
3
1
.0
0.0
0.0
3575.3
3575.3
0.0
0.0
1.00
0.0
0.0
3575.3
3575.3
0.0
0.0
4
1
.0
0.0
0.0
3575.3
3575.3
441.4
0.0
1.00
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
441.4
0.0
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
20. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS
DISPLACE

38 STAAD.Pro

5 Deflection and stress for a simple beam

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 5


-- PAGE NO.
*
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
Z-ROTAN
1
1
0.00000 -0.01138
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00086
2
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00070
3
1
0.00000
0.01037
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
4
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000 -0.00070
5
1
0.00000 -0.01138
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000 -0.00086
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
21. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 16:59:39 ****

Verification Manual 39

5 Deflection and stress for a simple beam

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 5

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

40 STAAD.Pro

5 Deflection and stress for a simple beam

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 5


-- PAGE NO.
6
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

Verification Manual 41

5 Deflection and stress for a simple beam

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

42 STAAD.Pro

6 Plane Frame with no Sidesway


Objective
To find the maximum moment due to a uniform load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane
frame.

Reference
McCormack, J. C., Structural Analysis, Intext Educational Publishers, 3rd edition, 1975, page 383,
example 22 - 5.

Problem
Determine the maximum moment in the frame.
E and I same for all members.
Figure 6-1: 1x1 bay plane frame

Verification Manual 43

6 Plane Frame with no Sidesway

Comparison
Table 6-1: Comparison of moment, in kip-ft, for verification problem no. 6
Result Type
M

Max

Theory
44.40

STAAD
Basic Solver
44.44

STAAD
Advanced Solver
44.44

STAAD Input
STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 6
*
* REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK C. McCORMACK,
* PAGE 383 EXAMPLE 22-5, PLANE FRAME WITH NO SIDESWAY
* ANSWER - MAX BENDING = 44.4 FT-KIP
*
UNIT FT KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 0. 20. ; 3 20. 20. ; 4 20. 0.
MEMB INCI ; 1 1 2 3
MEMB PROP ; 1 2 3 PRIS AX 1. IZ 0.05
CONSTANT
E 4132E3 ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT ; 1 4 FIXED
LOADING 1 ; MEMB LOAD ; 2 UNI Y -2.0
PERFORM ANAL
PRINT FORCES
FINISH

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
16:59:43
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 6
INPUT FILE: VER06.STD
2. *
3. * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK C. MCCORMACK,
4. * PAGE 383 EXAMPLE 22-5, PLANE FRAME WITH NO SIDESWAY
5. * ANSWER - MAX BENDING = 44.4 FT-KIP
6. *
7. UNIT FT KIP
8. JOINT COORD
9. 1 0. 0. ; 2 0. 20. ; 3 20. 20. ; 4 20. 0.
10. MEMB INCI ; 1 1 2 3
11. MEMB PROP ; 1 2 3 PRIS AX 1. IZ 0.05
12. CONSTANT
13. E 4132E3 ALL
14. POISSON STEEL ALL
15. SUPPORT ; 1 4 FIXED
16. LOADING 1 ; MEMB LOAD ; 2 UNI Y -2.0
17. PERFORM ANAL

44 STAAD.Pro

6 Plane Frame with no Sidesway

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
4 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
3
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
2
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
18. PRINT FORCES

Verification Manual 45

6 Plane Frame with no Sidesway

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 6


*
FORCES

46 STAAD.Pro

-- PAGE NO.

6 Plane Frame with no Sidesway

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 6


-- PAGE NO.
3
*
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
(LOCAL )
MEMBER LOAD JT
AXIAL
SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z
TORSION
MOM-Y
MOM-Z
1
1
1
20.00
-3.33
0.00
0.00
0.00
-22.21
2
-20.00
3.33
0.00
0.00
0.00
-44.44
2
1
2
3.33
20.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
44.44
3
-3.33
20.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-44.44
3
1
3
20.00
3.33
0.00
0.00
0.00
44.44
4
-20.00
-3.33
0.00
0.00
0.00
22.21
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
19. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 16:59:55 ****

Verification Manual 47

6 Plane Frame with no Sidesway

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 6

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

48 STAAD.Pro

6 Plane Frame with no Sidesway

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 6


-- PAGE NO.
5
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

Verification Manual 49

6 Plane Frame with no Sidesway

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50 STAAD.Pro

7 Plane Truss Joint Deflection


Objective
To find the joint deflection due to joint loads in a plane truss.

Reference
McCormack, J. C., Structural Analysis, Intext Educational Publishers, 3rd edition, 1975, page 271,
example 18 - 2.

Problem
Determine the vertical deflection at point 5 of plane truss structure shown in the figure.
Figure 7-1: Plane truss model

Given
P = 20 kip
Truss width = 4 spaces at 15 ft = 60 ft
Truss height = 15 ft
A
A

X 1-4

= 1 in2, A

X 9-11B

=3

= 2 in2, A

X 5-6
2P
in , A
X 12-13

=4

X 7-8
in2

=1.5 in2,

E = 30E3 ksi

Verification Manual 51

7 Plane Truss Joint Deflection

Comparison
Table 7-1: Comparison of deflection () for verification problem no. 7
Result Type
(in.)
5

Theory
2.63

STAAD
Basic Solver
2.63

STAAD
Advanced Solver
2.63

STAAD Input
STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 7
*
* REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK McCORMACK, PAGE
* 271 EXAMPLE 18-2. ANSWER - Y-DISP AT JOINT 5 = 2.63 INCH
*
UNIT FT KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 5 60 0 0
6 15. 7.5 ; 7 30. 15. ; 8 45. 7.5
MEMB INCI
1 2 6 ; 2 3 4 ; 3 4 8 ; 4 4 5 ; 5 1 2
6 2 3 ; 7 3 6 ; 8 3 8 ; 9 3 7
10 1 6 ; 11 5 8 ; 12 6 7 13
UNIT INCH
MEMB PROP
1 TO 4 PRI AX 1.0
5 6 PRIS AX 2.
7 8 PRI AX 1.5
9 10 11 PRI AX 3.
12 13 PRI AX 4.
CONSTANT
E 30E3 ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT
1 PINNED ; 3 FIXED BUT FX MZ
LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD
JOINT LOAD
2 4 5 FY -20.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT DISPLACEMENTS
FINISH

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
16:59:59
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 7
INPUT FILE: VER07.STD
2. *
3. * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK, PAGE
4. * 271 EXAMPLE 18-2. ANSWER - Y-DISP AT JOINT 5 = 2.63 INCH
5. *

52 STAAD.Pro

7 Plane Truss Joint Deflection

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.

UNIT FT KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 5 60 0 0
6 15. 7.5 ; 7 30. 15. ; 8 45. 7.5
MEMB INCI
1 2 6 ; 2 3 4 ; 3 4 8 ; 4 4 5 ; 5 1 2
6 2 3 ; 7 3 6 ; 8 3 8 ; 9 3 7
10 1 6 ; 11 5 8 ; 12 6 7 13
UNIT INCH
MEMB PROP
1 TO 4 PRI AX 1.0
5 6 PRIS AX 2.
7 8 PRI AX 1.5
9 10 11 PRI AX 3.
12 13 PRI AX 4.
CONSTANT
E 30E3 ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT
1 PINNED ; 3 FIXED BUT FX MZ
LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD
JOINT LOAD
2 4 5 FY -20.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS

Verification Manual 53

7 Plane Truss Joint Deflection

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 7

-- PAGE NO.

*
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
8 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
13
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
2
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
30. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS
DISPLACE

54 STAAD.Pro

13

7 Plane Truss Joint Deflection

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 7


-- PAGE NO.
*
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
Z-ROTAN
1
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
2
1
-0.12000
0.18000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
3
1
-0.24000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
4
1
-0.48000 -0.89516
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
5
1
-0.72000 -2.63033
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
6
1
-0.00820
0.24000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
7
1
0.29758 -0.12000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
8
1
0.06578 -0.83516
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
31. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 0: 8 ****

Verification Manual 55

7 Plane Truss Joint Deflection

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 7

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

56 STAAD.Pro

7 Plane Truss Joint Deflection

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 7


-- PAGE NO.
5
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
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0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

Verification Manual 57

7 Plane Truss Joint Deflection

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

58 STAAD.Pro

8 Unequal Plane frame with Sidesway


Objective
To find the maximum moment due to a concentrated load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay
plane frame.

Reference
McCormack, J. C., Structural Analysis, Intext Educational Publishers, 3rd edition, 1975, page 385,
problem 22 - 6.

Problem
Determine the maximum moment in the structure.
P = 30 kip
H1 = 20 ft, H3 = 30 ft
L = 30 ft, with P occurring at 10 ft from Leg #1
E and I same for all members
Figure 8-1: Unequal leg bay model

Comparison
Table 8-1: Comparison of max. moment, in kip-ft, for verification model no. 8
Result Type
M

Max

Theory
69.40

STAAD
Basic Solver
69.44

STAAD
Advanced Solver
69.44

Verification Manual 59

8 Unequal Plane frame with Sidesway

STAAD Input
STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 8
*
* PLANE FRAME WITH SIDESWAY. REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS'
* BY JACK McCORMACK. PAGE 385 PROB 22-6.
* ANSWER - MAX BENDING IN MEMB 1 = 69.4 KIP-FT
*
UNIT FT KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0. 10. ; 2 0 30 ; 3 30 30 ; 4 30 0
MEMB INCI
1 1 2 3
MEMB PROP AMERICAN
1 2 3 TAB ST W12X26
CONSTANT
E 4176E3
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT ; 1 4 FIXED
LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
2 CON Y -30. 10.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT FORCES
FINISH

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 0:13
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 8
INPUT FILE: VER08.STD
2. *
3. * PLANE FRAME WITH SIDESWAY. REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS'
4. * BY JACK MCCORMACK. PAGE 385 PROB 22-6.
5. * ANSWER - MAX BENDING IN MEMB 1 = 69.4 KIP-FT
6. *
7. UNIT FT KIP
8. JOINT COORD
9. 1 0. 10. ; 2 0 30 ; 3 30 30 ; 4 30 0
10. MEMB INCI
11. 1 1 2 3
12. MEMB PROP AMERICAN
13. 1 2 3 TAB ST W12X26
14. CONSTANT
15. E 4176E3
16. POISSON STEEL ALL
17. SUPPORT ; 1 4 FIXED
18. LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD
19. MEMBER LOAD
20. 2 CON Y -30. 10.
21. PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
4 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
3

60 STAAD.Pro

8 Unequal Plane frame with Sidesway

NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
2
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

Verification Manual 61

8 Unequal Plane frame with Sidesway

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 8


*
22. PRINT FORCES
FORCES

62 STAAD.Pro

-- PAGE NO.

8 Unequal Plane frame with Sidesway

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 8


-- PAGE NO.
3
*
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
(LOCAL )
MEMBER LOAD JT
AXIAL
SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z
TORSION
MOM-Y
MOM-Z
1
1
1
20.09
-3.74
0.00
0.00
0.00
-5.34
2
-20.09
3.74
0.00
0.00
0.00
-69.44
2
1
2
3.74
20.09
0.00
0.00
0.00
69.44
3
-3.74
9.91
0.00
0.00
0.00
-66.66
3
1
3
9.91
3.74
0.00
0.00
0.00
66.66
4
-9.91
-3.74
0.00
0.00
0.00
45.51
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
23. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 0:26 ****

Verification Manual 63

8 Unequal Plane frame with Sidesway

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 8

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

64 STAAD.Pro

8 Unequal Plane frame with Sidesway

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 8


-- PAGE NO.
5
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

Verification Manual 65

8 Unequal Plane frame with Sidesway

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

66 STAAD.Pro

9 Multiple level plane frame with horizontal loads


Objective
To find the maximum moment due to lateral joint loads in a 1x2 bay plane frame.

Reference
McCormack, J. C., Structural Analysis, Intext Educational Publishers, 3rd edition, 1975, page 388,
example 22 - 7.

Problem
Determine the maximum moment in the frame.
L = 20 ft
H3 = 20 kip, H5 = 10 kip
E and I same for all members.
Figure 9-1: Two story frame model

Verification Manual 67

9 Multiple level plane frame with horizontal loads

Comparison
Table 9-1: Comparison of max. moment, in kip-ft, for verification problem no.
9
Result Type
M

Max

Theory
176.40

STAAD
Basic Solver
178.01

STAAD
Advanced Solver
178.01

STAAD Input
STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 9
*
* MULTIPLE LEVEL PLANE FRAME WITH HORIZONTAL LOAD.
* REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK McCORMACK,
* PAGE 388, PROB 22-7. ANSWER - MAX MOM IN MEMB 1 = 176.4 K-F
*
UNIT FT KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 5 0 40 0 2 ; 2 20 0 0 6 20 40 0 2
MEMB INCI
1 1 3 2 ; 3 3 5 4 ; 5 3 4 ; 6 5 6
MEMB PROP
1 TO 6 PRI AX .2 IZ .1
CONSTANT
E 4176E3
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT ; 1 2 FIXED
LOAD 1 HORIZONTAL LOAD
JOINT LOAD
3 FX 20 ; 5 FX 10
PERFORM ANALYS
PRINT FORCES
FINISH

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 0:30
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 9
INPUT FILE: VER09.STD
2. *
3. * MULTIPLE LEVEL PLANE FRAME WITH HORIZONTAL LOAD.
4. * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK,
5. * PAGE 388, PROB 22-7. ANSWER - MAX MOM IN MEMB 1 = 176.4 K-F
6. *
7. UNIT FT KIP
8. JOINT COORD
9. 1 0 0 0 5 0 40 0 2 ; 2 20 0 0 6 20 40 0 2
10. MEMB INCI
11. 1 1 3 2 ; 3 3 5 4 ; 5 3 4 ; 6 5 6

68 STAAD.Pro

9 Multiple level plane frame with horizontal loads

12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.

MEMB PROP
1 TO 6 PRI AX .2 IZ .1
CONSTANT
E 4176E3
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT ; 1 2 FIXED
LOAD 1 HORIZONTAL LOAD
JOINT LOAD
3 FX 20 ; 5 FX 10
PERFORM ANALYS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
6 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
6
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
2
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

12

Verification Manual 69

9 Multiple level plane frame with horizontal loads

VERIFICATION PROB NO. 9


*
22. PRINT FORCES
FORCES

70 STAAD.Pro

-- PAGE NO.

9 Multiple level plane frame with horizontal loads

VERIFICATION PROB NO. 9


-- PAGE NO.
3
*
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
(LOCAL )
MEMBER LOAD JT
AXIAL
SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z
TORSION
MOM-Y
MOM-Z
1
1
1
-22.26
15.06
0.00
0.00
0.00
178.01
3
22.26
-15.06
0.00
0.00
0.00
123.16
2
1
2
22.26
14.94
0.00
0.00
0.00
176.73
4
-22.26
-14.94
0.00
0.00
0.00
122.10
3
1
3
-6.51
4.97
0.00
0.00
0.00
34.49
5
6.51
-4.97
0.00
0.00
0.00
64.93
4
1
4
6.51
5.03
0.00
0.00
0.00
35.34
6
-6.51
-5.03
0.00
0.00
0.00
65.24
5
1
3
9.91
-15.75
0.00
0.00
0.00
-157.65
4
-9.91
15.75
0.00
0.00
0.00
-157.44
6
1
5
5.03
-6.51
0.00
0.00
0.00
-64.93
6
-5.03
6.51
0.00
0.00
0.00
-65.24
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
23. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 0:46 ****

Verification Manual 71

9 Multiple level plane frame with horizontal loads

VERIFICATION PROB NO. 9

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

72 STAAD.Pro

9 Multiple level plane frame with horizontal loads

VERIFICATION PROB NO. 9


-- PAGE NO.
5
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

Verification Manual 73

9 Multiple level plane frame with horizontal loads

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

74 STAAD.Pro

10 Forces in a Space Frame


Objective
To find the maximum axial force and moment due to load andmoment applied at a joint in a
Space frame.

Reference
Weaver Jr., W., Computer Programs for Structural Analysis, page 146, problem 8.

Problem
Determine the maximum axial force and moment in the space structure.
F = 2 kip, P = 1 kip, M = 120 inkip
L = 120 in.
E = 30E3 ksi,
AX = 11 in2
IX = 83 in4
IY = 56 in4
IZ = 56 in4
Figure 10-1: Space frame model

Comparison
Table 10-1: Comparison of max. Force, F, and max. Moments,M, for verification
problem no. 10
Result Type
F

Max

(kips)

Theory
1.47

STAAD
Basic Solver
1.47

STAAD
Advanced Solver
1.47

Verification Manual 75

10 Forces in a Space Frame

Result Type

Theory

STAAD
Basic Solver

STAAD
Advanced Solver

(inkip)

84.04

84.04

84.04

(inkip)

95.319

96.120

96.120

Y,Max
Z,Max

STAAD Input
STAAD SPACE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10
*
* REFERENCE 'COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS'
* BY WILLIAM WEAVER JR. PAGE 146 STRUCTURE NO. 8.
* ANSWER - MAX AXIAL FORCE= 1.47 (MEMB 3)
* MAX BEND-Y= 84.04, MAX BEND-Z= 95.319 (BOTH MEMB 3)
*
UNIT INCH KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 120 0 ; 2 240 120 0
3 0 0 0 ; 4 360 0 120
MEMB INCI
1 1 2 ; 2 3 1 ; 3 2 4
MEMB PROP
1 2 3 PRIS AX 11. IX 83. IY 56. IZ 56
CONSTANT ; E 30000. ALL
POISS .25 ALL
SUPPORT
3 4 FIXED
LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD
JOINT LOAD
1 FX 2. ; 2 FY -1. ; 2 MZ -120.
PERFORM ANAL
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT
FINISH

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 0:50
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD SPACE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10
INPUT FILE: VER10.STD
2. *
3. * REFERENCE 'COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS'
4. * BY WILLIAM WEAVER JR. PAGE 146 STRUCTURE NO. 8.
5. * ANSWER - MAX AXIAL FORCE= 1.47 (MEMB 3)
6. * MAX BEND-Y= 84.04, MAX BEND-Z= 95.319 (BOTH MEMB 3)
7. *
8. UNIT INCH KIP
9. JOINT COORD
10. 1 0 120 0 ; 2 240 120 0
11. 3 0 0 0 ; 4 360 0 120
12. MEMB INCI
13. 1 1 2 ; 2 3 1 ; 3 2 4

76 STAAD.Pro

10 Forces in a Space Frame

14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.

MEMB PROP
1 2 3 PRIS AX 11. IX 83. IY 56. IZ 56
CONSTANT ; E 30000. ALL
POISS .25 ALL
SUPPORT
3 4 FIXED
LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD
JOINT LOAD
1 FX 2. ; 2 FY -1. ; 2 MZ -120.
PERFORM ANAL
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
4 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS

3
0
2

Verification Manual 77

10 Forces in a Space Frame

VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10

-- PAGE NO.

*
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
24. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT
ANALYSIS RESULT

78 STAAD.Pro

12

10 Forces in a Space Frame

VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10


-- PAGE NO.
*
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
Z-ROTAN
1
1
0.22267
0.00016 -0.17182 -0.00255
0.00217 -0.00213
2
1
0.22202 -0.48119 -0.70161 -0.00802
0.00101 -0.00435
3
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
4
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000

Verification Manual 79

10 Forces in a Space Frame

VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10


-- PAGE NO.
*
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------JOINT LOAD
FORCE-X
FORCE-Y
FORCE-Z
MOM-X
MOM-Y
MOM Z
3
1
-1.10
-0.43
0.22
48.78
-17.97
96.12
4
1
-0.90
1.43
-0.22
123.08
47.25
-11.72

80 STAAD.Pro

10 Forces in a Space Frame

VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10


-- PAGE NO.
5
*
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP INCH
(LOCAL )
MEMBER LOAD JT
AXIAL
SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z
TORSION
MOM-Y
MOM-Z
1
1
1
0.90
-0.43
0.22
22.71
-17.97
-36.37
2
-0.90
0.43
-0.22
-22.71
-34.18
-67.36
2
1
3
-0.43
1.10
0.22
-17.97
-48.78
96.12
1
0.43
-1.10
-0.22
17.97
22.71
36.37
3
1
2
1.47
-0.71
-0.48
-37.02
15.69
-53.28
4
-1.47
0.71
0.48
37.02
84.04
-95.32
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
25. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 1: 2 ****

Verification Manual 81

10 Forces in a Space Frame

VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

82 STAAD.Pro

10 Forces in a Space Frame

VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10


-- PAGE NO.
7
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

Verification Manual 83

10 Forces in a Space Frame

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

84 STAAD.Pro

11 Temperature load in different materials


Objective
A rigid bar is suspended by two copper wires and one steel wire. Find the stresses in the wires due
to a rise in temperature.

Reference
Timoshenko, S., Strength of Materials, Part 1, D. Van Nostrand Co., 3rd edition, 1956, page 30,
problem 9.

Problem
Assuming the horizontal member to be very rigid, determine the stresses in the copper and steel
wires if the temperature rise is 10 F.
E

steel
steel

= 30E6 psi, E

copper

= 16E6 psi

= 70E-7 in/in/F,

copper

= 92E-7 in/in/F

A = 0.1 in2
X

w = 400 lbf/in.
L = 20 in.
d= 5 in.
Hint: When modeling, assume a large moment of inertia for the horizontal rigid member and
distribute of the concentrated load as uniform.
Figure 11-1: Model of a rigid wire suspended by wires

Verification Manual 85

11 Temperature load in different materials

Comparison
Table 11-1: Comparison of stress () for verification model #11
Result Type

Steel

(psi)

Copper

(psi)

Theory

STAAD
Basic Solver

STAAD
Advanced Solver

19,695

19,698

19,698

10,152

10,151

10,151

STAAD Input
STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO 11
*
* THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' BY
* TIMOSHENKO (PART 1), PAGE 30, PROB 9.
* THE ANSWERS ARE 19700 PSI AND 10200 PSI.
*
UNIT INCH POUND
JOINT COORD
1 0. 20. ; 2 5. 20. ; 3 10. 20.
4 0. 0. ; 5 5. 0. ; 6 10. 0.
MEMB INCI
1 1 4 3 ; 4 4 5 5
MEMB PROP
1 2 3 PRI AX 0.1 ; 4 5 PRI AX 1. IZ 100.
CONSTANT ; E 30E6 MEMB 2 4 5
E 16E6 MEMB 1 3
POISSON 0.15 ALL
ALPHA 92E-7 MEMB 1 3 ; ALPHA 70E-7 MEMB 2
MEMB TRUSS ; 1 2 3
SUPPORT ; 1 2 3 PINNED
LOADING 1 VERT LOAD + TEMP LOAD
MEMB LOAD ;4 5 UNI Y -400.
TEMP LOAD ; 1 2 3 TEMP 10.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT STRESSES
FINISH

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 1: 8
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO 11
INPUT FILE: VER11.STD
2. *
3. * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' BY
4. * TIMOSHENKO (PART 1), PAGE 30, PROB 9.
5. * THE ANSWERS ARE 19700 PSI AND 10200 PSI.
6. *
7. UNIT INCH POUND

86 STAAD.Pro

11 Temperature load in different materials

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

JOINT COORD
1 0. 20. ; 2 5. 20. ; 3 10. 20.
4 0. 0. ; 5 5. 0. ; 6 10. 0.
MEMB INCI
1 1 4 3 ; 4 4 5 5
MEMB PROP
1 2 3 PRI AX 0.1 ; 4 5 PRI AX 1. IZ 100.
CONSTANT ; E 30E6 MEMB 2 4 5
E 16E6 MEMB 1 3
POISSON 0.15 ALL
ALPHA 92E-7 MEMB 1 3 ; ALPHA 70E-7 MEMB 2
MEMB TRUSS ; 1 2 3
SUPPORT ; 1 2 3 PINNED
LOADING 1 VERT LOAD + TEMP LOAD
MEMB LOAD ;4 5 UNI Y -400.
TEMP LOAD ; 1 2 3 TEMP 10.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
6 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS

5
0
3

Verification Manual 87

11 Temperature load in different materials

VERIFICATION PROB NO 11

-- PAGE NO.

*
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
12
ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT
1 EQN.NO.
1
LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.
THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR
EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.
ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT
2 EQN.NO.
2
ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT
3 EQN.NO.
3
***WARNING - INSTABILITY AT JOINT
5
DIRECTION = FX
PROBABLE CAUSE SINGULAR-ADDING WEAK SPRING
K-MATRIX DIAG= 1.2000001E+04 L-MATRIX DIAG= 0.0000000E+00 EQN NO
7
***NOTE - VERY WEAK SPRING ADDED FOR STABILITY
25. PRINT STRESSES
STRESSES

88 STAAD.Pro

11 Temperature load in different materials

VERIFICATION PROB NO 11
-- PAGE NO.
*
MEMBER STRESSES
--------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH
MEMB
LD SECT
AXIAL
BEND-Y
BEND-Z
COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z
1
1
.0 10150.8 T
0.0
0.0
10150.8
0.0
0.0
1.00 10150.8 T
0.0
0.0
10150.8
0.0
0.0
2
1
.0 19698.3 T
0.0
0.0
19698.3
0.0
0.0
1.00 19698.3 T
0.0
0.0
19698.3
0.0
0.0
3
1
.0 10150.8 T
0.0
0.0
10150.8
0.0
0.0
1.00 10150.8 T
0.0
0.0
10150.8
0.0
0.0
4
1
.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1522.6
0.0
1.00
0.0
0.0
3.8
3.8
1477.4
0.0
5
1
.0
0.0
0.0
3.8
3.8
1477.4
0.0
1.00
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1522.6
0.0
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
26. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 1:25 ****

Verification Manual 89

11 Temperature load in different materials

VERIFICATION PROB NO 11

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
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*
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*
* FRANCE
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*
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*
*
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*
*
*
************************************************************

90 STAAD.Pro

11 Temperature load in different materials

VERIFICATION PROB NO 11
-- PAGE NO.
5
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
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aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

Verification Manual 91

11 Temperature load in different materials

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

92 STAAD.Pro

12 Deflection and stress of a truss system


Objective
To find the joint deflection and member stress due to a joint load in a plane truss.

Reference
Timoshenko, S., Strength of Materials, Part 1, D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., 3rd edition, 1956, page 10,
problem 2.

Problem
Determine the vertical deflection at point A and the member stresses
AX = 0.5 in2
E = 30E6 psi
P = 5000 lbf
L = 180 in.
angle = 30
Figure 12-1: Model of two member truss

Comparison
Table 12-1: Comparison of stress () and Deflection () for verification problem
12
Result Type

Theory

STAAD
Basic Solver

STAAD
Advanced Solver

(psi)

10,000.

10,000.

10,000.

(in)

0.12

0.12

0.12

A
A

Verification Manual 93

12 Deflection and stress of a truss system

STAAD Input
STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12
*
* THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS'
* (PART 1) BY TIMOSHENKO, PAGE 10 PROB 2.
* THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK , DEFLECTION = 0.12 INCH
* AND STRESS =10000 PSI
*
UNIT INCH POUND
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 155.88457 -90. ; 3 311.76914 0.
MEMB INCI ; 1 1 2 2
MEMB PROP
1 2 PRIS AX 0.5
CONSTANT
E 30E6
POISSON 0.15 ALL
SUPPORT ; 1 3 PINNED
LOAD 1 VERT LOAD
JOINT LOAD ; 2 FY -5000.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT DISPLACEMENTS
PRINT STRESSES
FINISH

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 2:50
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12
INPUT FILE: VER12.STD
2. *
3. * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS'
4. * (PART 1) BY TIMOSHENKO, PAGE 10 PROB 2.
5. * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK , DEFLECTION = 0.12 INCH
6. * AND STRESS =10000 PSI
7. *
8. UNIT INCH POUND
9. JOINT COORD
10. 1 0. 0. ; 2 155.88457 -90. ; 3 311.76914 0.
11. MEMB INCI ; 1 1 2 2
12. MEMB PROP
13. 1 2 PRIS AX 0.5
14. CONSTANT
15. E 30E6
16. POISSON 0.15 ALL
17. SUPPORT ; 1 3 PINNED
18. LOAD 1 VERT LOAD
19. JOINT LOAD ; 2 FY -5000.
20. PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
3 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
2
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0

94 STAAD.Pro

12 Deflection and stress of a truss system

NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
2
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

Verification Manual 95

12 Deflection and stress of a truss system

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12
*
21. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS
DISPLACE

96 STAAD.Pro

-- PAGE NO.

12 Deflection and stress of a truss system

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12
-- PAGE NO.
*
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
Z-ROTAN
1
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
2
1
0.00000 -0.12000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
3
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
22. PRINT STRESSES
STRESSES

Verification Manual 97

12 Deflection and stress of a truss system

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12
-- PAGE NO.
*
MEMBER STRESSES
--------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH
MEMB
LD SECT
AXIAL
BEND-Y
BEND-Z
COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z
1
1
.0 10000.0 T
0.0
0.0
10000.0
0.0
0.0
1.00 10000.0 T
0.0
0.0
10000.0
0.0
0.0
2
1
.0 10000.0 T
0.0
0.0
10000.0
0.0
0.0
1.00 10000.0 T
0.0
0.0
10000.0
0.0
0.0
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
23. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 3: 5 ****

98 STAAD.Pro

12 Deflection and stress of a truss system

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

Verification Manual 99

12 Deflection and stress of a truss system

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12
-- PAGE NO.
6
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

100 STAAD.Pro

12 Deflection and stress of a truss system

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 101

12 Deflection and stress of a truss system

Notes

102 STAAD.Pro

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code


Type
Steel Design.

Reference
Attached step by step hand calculation as per 1989 AISC ASD code. Ninth Edition.

Problem
Determine the allowable stresses (per 1989 AISC code) for the members of the structure as shown
in figure. Also, perform a code check for these members based on the results of the analysis.
Figure 13-1: Steel braced frame frame

Members 1, 2 = W12X26, Members 3, 4 = W14X43


Members 5, 6, 7 = W16X36, Memb 8= L40404, Memb 9 = L50506
F = 15 kip (wind load)
w = 2 kip/ft (dead load + liveload)

Comparison
Table 13-1: Comparison of governing ratios for the member checks in
verification problem no. 13
Member No.
Hand Calculation

1.1576 .914 1.117 0.936 .579 1.119

.668 1.024 .823

Verification Manual 103

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

Member No.

STAAD Basic
Solver

1.157

.916 1.117 0.936 .582 1.120 .668 1.024 .823

STAAD Advanced
Solver

1.157

.916 1.117 0.936 .582 1.120 .668 1.024 .823

Hand Calculation
Manual / Code refers to AISC Manual of Steel Construction, Allowable Stress Design, ninth
edition.

Member 1
Size W12x26, L = 10 ft., a = 7.65 in2, Sz = 33.39 in3
From clause F1-2, page 5-45 of Manual, L = 6.85 ft.
c

From observation Load case 1 will govern,


F = 25.0 kip (compression), M = 56.5 ftkip
x

Area of compressive flange = 6.49*0.38 = 2.466 in2


Allowable bending stress, per Clause F1-8 (page 5-47 of Manual)
fb = 12. 1000 1.0/[10 12 (12.22/2.466)] = 20.1817 ksi
(kl/r)y = 120/1.5038 = 79.8, so fa = 15.38 ksi
Stresses per Table C-36 (page 3-16 of manual)
fa = 25./7.65 = 3.268
fb = 56.5 12/33.39 = 20.31 ksi
(kl/r)z = 120/5.1639 = 23.238, so F'ez = = 276.54 ksi
Equation H1-1, page 5-54 of Manual
3.268/15.38 + 0.85 20.31/[(1-3.268/276.54) 20.1817] = 1.078
Equation H1-2, page 5-54 of Manual.
3.268/(0.6 36) +20.31/20.1817 = 1.1576
Therefore, equation H1-2 governs and ratio = 1.1576

Member 2
Size W12x26, L = 5 ft., a = 7.65 in2, Sz = 33.39 in3
From observation load case 1 will govern,
F = 8.71 kip (compression), M = 56.50 ftkip
x

Since L is less than L = 6.85ft, per Clauses F1-1 &F1-2 (page 5-45 of Manual)
c

fb = 0.66 36 = 23.76 ksi


(kl/r)y = 60/1.5038 = 39.90, so fa = 19.19 ksi
Per Table C-36 (page 3-16 of Manual)
104 STAAD.Pro

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

fa = 8.71/7.65 = 1.1385, fb = 56.5 12/33.39 = 20.31 ksi


Since f /F less than 0.15, apply equation H1-3 (page 5-54 of Manual)
a

1.1385/19.19 + 20.31/23.76 = .0593 + .8548 = 0.9141

Member 3
Size W14X43, L = 11ft., a = 12.6 in2, Sz = 62.7 in3
From observation load case 3 will govern,
F = 25.5 kip (compression), M = 112.173 ftkip
x

Referring to clause F1-2, page 5-45 of Manual.


L = 8.4 ft. Therefore
c

fb = 0.6 36 = 21.6 ksi


(kl/r)y = 132/1.8941 = 69.69,
so f = 16.46 ksi per Table C-36 (page 3-16 of Manual)
a

fa = 25.5/12.6 = 2.024
fb = 112.173 12/62.66 = 21.48 ksi
since f /F less than 0.15, use equation H1-3, page 5-54 of Manual
a

2.024/16.46 +21.48/21.6 = 0.123 + 0.994 = 1.117

Member 4
Size W14x43, L = 4ft, a = 12.6 in2, Sz = 62.7 in3
From observation, load case 3 will govern,
F = 8.75 kip (tension), M = 112.173 ftkip
x

Since L is less than L = 8.4 ft


c

fb = 0.66 36 = 23.76 ksi


Clause F1-1 (page 5-45 of Manual)
fa = 8.75/12.6 = 0.694
fb = 112.73x12/62.66 = 21.48 ksi
Combined tension and bending, use equation H2-1, page 5-55 of Manual.
0.694/(0.6 36) + 21.48/23.76 = 0.032 + 0.904 = 0.936

Member 5
Size W16x36, L = 5ft, a = 10.6 in2, Sz = 56.49 in3
From observation, load case 3 will govern.
F = 14.02 kip (compression), M =57.04 ftkip
x

Since L is less than L = 7.37 (per Clause F1-2, page 5-45 of Manual)
c

fb = 0.66 36 = 23.76 ksi


(kl/r)y = 60./1.52 = 39.47
so f = 19.23 ksi per Table C-36 (page 3-16 of Manual)
a

Verification Manual 105

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

fa = 14.02/10.6 = 1.32
fb = 57.04 12/56.5 = 12.12 ksi
Since f /F less than 0.15, use equation H1-3, page 5-54 of Manual
a

1.32/19.23 + 12.12/23.76 = 0.069 + 0.510 = 0.579

Member 6
Size W16x36, L = 16ft, a = 10.6 in2, Sz = 56.49 in3
From observation, load case 1 will govern. Forces at midspan are
F = 5.65 kip (compression), M = 71.25 ftkip
x

From Chapter F of the AISC ASD 9PthP ed. specs., with Cb = 1.0,
(102,000Cb/Fy)1/2 =53.229
(510,000Cb/Fy)1/2 =119.02
L/rT = 192/1.79 = 107.26
53.229 < 107.26 < 119.02
Therefore F (as per F1-6, page 5-47 of Manual)
b

[(2/3) 36 107.26 107.26/(1,530,000)] 36 = 14.25 ksi


(Kl/r)y = 192/1.5203 = 126.29
so f = 9.36 per Table C-36 (page 3-16 of Manual)
a

fa = 5.65/10.6 = 0.533
fb = 71.25x12/56.49 = 15.14 ksi
Since f /F less than 0.15 use formula [H1-3, page 5-54 of Manual]
a

0.533/9.36 + 15.14/14.25 = 0.057 + 1.062 = 1.119

Member 7
Size W16x36, L =4ft, a = 10.6in2, Sz =56.49in3
L = 7.37ft (Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual)
c

From observation load case 3 will govern, F = 24.06 kip (tension), M = 62.96 ftkip
x

From Clause F1-1, the allowable compressive stress is


fb = 0.66 Fy = 23.76 ksi
Since section is in tension, per Clause F1-5 (page5-45 of Manual)
fb = 0.60 36 = 21.60 Ksi
Choosing the larger of above 2 values, f = 23.76 Ksi
b

fa = 24.06/10.6 = 2.2698
fb = 62.96 12/56.49 = 13.37
Since combined tension and bending, use equation H 2-1, page 5-55 of the AISC ASD 9PthP ed.
specs.
2.2698/(0.6 36)+ 13.37(23.76) = 0.105 + 0.5627 = 0.6677

106 STAAD.Pro

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

Member 8
Size L4x4x1/4, L = 7.071 ft, a = 1.94 in2
From observation load case 1 will govern, F = 23.04 kip (Comp.)
x

Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9PthP ed.specs.


Qs = 1.34 0.00447 (4/0.25)(36)1/2 = 0.9108
Qa = 1.0
Q = Qs Qa = 0.9108
Cc= 92.02 E/(QFy )]1/2 = [2.02 29000/(0.9108 36)]1/2 = 132.1241
Kl/r = 7.071 12/0.795 = 106.73< Cc.
Hence, f = 11.6027 ksi (computed per equation 4-1)
a

Actual compressive stress


fa = 23.04/1.94 = 11.876 ksi
Therefore, Ratio =
fa/fa = 11.876/11.602 = 1.024

Member 9
Size L5x5x3/8, L = 5.657 ft, a = 3.61 in2
From observation, load case 1 governs, F = 48.44 kip (Comp.)
x

Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9PthP ed.specs.


Qs = 1.34 0.00447 (5/0.375)(36)1/2 = 0.9824
Qa = 1.0
Q = Qs Qa = 0.9824
Cc= 92.02 E/(QFy )]1/2 = [2.02 29000/(0.9824 36)]1/2 = 127.2238
(Kl/r)min = 5.657 12/0.99 = 68.57< Cc.
Hence, f = 16.301 ksi (computed per equation 4-1)
a

Actual compressive stress


fa = 48.44/3.61 = 13.418 ksi
Therefore Ratio =
fa/fa = 13.418/16.301 = 0.823

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.

****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 3:10
*

Verification Manual 107

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13
INPUT FILE: VER13.STD
2. *
3. * THIS DESIGN EXAMPLE IS VERIFIED BY HAND CALCULATION
4. * FOLLOWING AISC-89 CODE.
5. *
6. UNIT FEET KIP
7. JOINT COORD
8. 1 0 0 ; 2 25 0 ; 3 0 10 ; 4 25 11
9. 5 0 15 ; 6 25 15 ; 7 5 15 ; 8 21 15
10. MEMB INCI
11. 1 1 3 ; 2 3 5 ; 3 2 4 ; 4 4 6
12. 5 5 7 ; 6 7 8 ; 7 8 6 ; 8 3 7 ; 9 4 8
13. MEMB PROP AMERICAN
14. 1 2 TA ST W12X26 ; 3 4 TA ST W14X43
15. 5 6 7 TA ST W16X36 ; 8 TA ST L40404 ; 9 TA ST L50506
16. MEMB TRUSS ; 8 9
17. CONSTANT
18. E 4176E3 ALL
19. POISSON STEEL ALL
20. SUPPORT ; 1 2 PINNED
21. LOADING 1 DL + LL
22. MEMB LOAD ; 5 6 7 UNI Y -2.0
23. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT
24. JOINT LOAD ; 5 FX 15.
25. LOAD COMB 3 ; 1 0.75 2 0.75
26. PERFORM ANALYSIS

108 STAAD.Pro

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13

-- PAGE NO.

*
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
8 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
9
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
2
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
2, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
27. LOAD LIST 1 3
28. PRINT FORCES
FORCES

20

Verification Manual 109

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13
*
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
(LOCAL )
MEMBER LOAD JT
AXIAL
SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z
1
1
1
25.00
-5.65
0.00
3
-25.00
5.65
0.00
3
1
12.00
1.05
0.00
3
-12.00
-1.05
0.00
2
1
3
8.71
10.64
0.00
5
-8.71
-10.64
0.00
3
3
15.83
-2.77
0.00
5
-15.83
2.77
0.00
3
1
2
25.00
5.65
0.00
4
-25.00
-5.65
0.00
3
2
25.50
10.20
0.00
4
-25.50
-10.20
0.00
4
1
4
6.50
-12.85
0.00
6
-6.50
12.85
0.00
3
4
-8.75
-24.06
0.00
6
8.75
24.06
0.00
5
1
5
-10.64
8.71
0.00
7
10.64
1.29
0.00
3
5
14.02
15.83
0.00
7
-14.02
-8.33
0.00
6
1
7
5.65
15.00
0.00
8
-5.65
17.00
0.00
3
7
10.20
4.50
0.00
8
-10.20
19.50
0.00
7
1
8
-12.85
1.50
0.00
6
12.85
6.50
0.00
3
8
-24.06
14.75
0.00
6
24.06
-8.75
0.00
8
1
3
23.04
0.00
0.00
7
-23.04
0.00
0.00
3
3
-5.41
0.00
0.00
7
5.41
0.00
0.00
9
1
4
26.16
0.00
0.00
8
-26.16
0.00
0.00

110 STAAD.Pro

-- PAGE NO.

TORSION
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

MOM-Y
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

MOM-Z
0.00
-56.50
0.00
10.52
56.50
-3.29
-10.52
-3.34
0.00
62.15
0.00
112.17
-62.15
10.76
-112.17
15.95
3.29
15.25
3.34
57.04
-15.25
-0.75
-57.04
-62.96
0.75
-10.76
62.96
-15.95
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13
-- PAGE NO.
4
*
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
(LOCAL )
MEMBER LOAD JT
AXIAL
SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z
TORSION
MOM-Y
MOM-Z
3
4
48.44
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
8
-48.44
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
29. PARAMETER
30. CODE AISC
31. TRACK 1.0 ALL
32. CHECK CODE ALL
STEEL DESIGN

Verification Manual 111

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13

-- PAGE NO.

*
STAAD.Pro CODE CHECKING - (AISC 9TH EDITION)
v1.0
***********************
ALL UNITS ARE - KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED)
MEMBER
TABLE
RESULT/
CRITICAL COND/
RATIO/
LOADING/
FX
MY
MZ
LOCATION
=======================================================================
*
1 ST
W12X26
(AISC SECTIONS)
FAIL
AISC- H1-2
1.157
1
25.00 C
0.00
56.50
10.00
----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM=
1, UNIT KIP-INCH, L= 120.0 AX=
7.65 SZ=
33.4 SY=
5.3|
| KL/R-Y= 79.8 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 20.18 |
| FTZ= 21.60 FCY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 FC= 15.26 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.40
|
----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST
W12X26
(AISC SECTIONS)
PASS
AISC- H1-3
0.916
1
8.71 C
0.00
56.50
0.00
----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM=
2, UNIT KIP-INCH, L= 60.0 AX=
7.65 SZ=
33.4 SY=
5.3|
| KL/R-Y= 39.9 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.76 |
| FTZ= 23.76 FCY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 FC= 18.61 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.40
|
----------------------------------------------------------------------*
3 ST
W14X43
(AISC SECTIONS)
FAIL
AISC- H1-3
1.117
3
25.50 C
0.00
-112.17
11.00
----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM=
3, UNIT KIP-INCH, L= 132.0 AX= 12.60 SZ=
62.7 SY=
11.3|
| KL/R-Y= 69.7 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.60 |
| FTZ= 21.60 FCY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 FC= 16.46 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.40
|
----------------------------------------------------------------------4 ST
W14X43
(AISC SECTIONS)
PASS
AISC- H2-1
0.936
3
8.75 T
0.00
-112.17
0.00
----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM=
4, UNIT KIP-INCH, L= 48.0 AX= 12.60 SZ=
62.7 SY=
11.3|
| KL/R-Y= 25.3 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.76 |
| FTZ= 23.76 FCY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 FC= 20.26 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.40
|
----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST
W16X36
(AISC SECTIONS)
PASS
AISC- H1-3
0.582
3
14.02 C
0.00
-57.04
5.00

112 STAAD.Pro

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13
-- PAGE NO.
*
ALL UNITS ARE - KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED)
MEMBER
TABLE
RESULT/
CRITICAL COND/
RATIO/
LOADING/
FX
MY
MZ
LOCATION
=======================================================================
----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM=
5, UNIT KIP-INCH, L= 60.0 AX= 10.60 SZ=
56.5 SY=
7.0|
| KL/R-Y= 39.5 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.76 |
| FTZ= 23.76 FCY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 FC= 18.39 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.40
|
----------------------------------------------------------------------*
6 ST
W16X36
(AISC SECTIONS)
FAIL
AISC- H1-3
1.120
1
5.65 C
0.00
-71.25
8.00
----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM=
6, UNIT KIP-INCH, L= 192.0 AX= 10.60 SZ=
56.5 SY=
7.0|
| KL/R-Y= 126.3 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 14.24 |
| FTZ= 21.60 FCY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 FC= 9.36 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.40
|
----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST
W16X36
(AISC SECTIONS)
PASS
AISC- H2-1
0.668
3
24.06 T
0.00
62.96
0.00
----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM=
7, UNIT KIP-INCH, L= 48.0 AX= 10.60 SZ=
56.5 SY=
7.0|
| KL/R-Y= 31.6 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.76 |
| FTZ= 23.76 FCY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 FC= 18.87 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.40
|
----------------------------------------------------------------------*
8 ST
L40404
(AISC SECTIONS)
FAIL
AISC- H1-1
1.024
1
23.04 C
0.00
0.00
0.00
----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM=
8, UNIT KIP-INCH, L= 84.9 AX=
1.94 SZ=
0.8 SY=
1.7|
| KL/R- = 106.7 CB= 0.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 |
| FTZ= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 FTY= 0.00 FC= 11.60 FT= 21.60 FV= 0.00
|
----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST
L50506
(AISC SECTIONS)
PASS
AISC- H1-1
0.823
3
48.44 C
0.00
0.00
0.00

Verification Manual 113

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13
-- PAGE NO.
*
ALL UNITS ARE - KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED)
MEMBER
TABLE
RESULT/
CRITICAL COND/
RATIO/
LOADING/
FX
MY
MZ
LOCATION
=======================================================================
----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM=
9, UNIT KIP-INCH, L= 67.9 AX=
3.61 SZ=
1.8 SY=
3.9|
| KL/R- = 69.0 CB= 0.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 |
| FTZ= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 FTY= 0.00 FC= 16.30 FT= 21.60 FV= 0.00
|
----------------------------------------------------------------------33. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 3:25 ****

114 STAAD.Pro

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13

-- PAGE NO.

*
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
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*
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************************************************************

Verification Manual 115

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13
-- PAGE NO.
9
*
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
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canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

116 STAAD.Pro

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 117

13 Steel Design per 1989 AISC Code

Notes

118 STAAD.Pro

14 Concrete Design per ACI 318 Code


Type
Concrete design as per ACI code.

Reference
CRSI Handbook and Notes on ACI-318-99.

Problem
A plane frame is created with such loading as to create 138 Kip-Ft moment on beam and 574 Kip of
axial load coupled with above moment on column.
Figure 14-1: Concrete moment frame

Given
Size of the beam is 10" x 16"and size of the column 14" x 16".
P = 521.32 kip
w = 5.268 kip/ft
L = 20 ft, H = 15 ft

Verification Manual 119

14 Concrete Design per ACI 318 Code

Comparison
Table 14-1: Comparison of concrete designs for verifcation problem no. 14
Result Type

Theory
ACI
Notes

Theory
CRSI
Handbook

STAAD
Basic
Solver

STAAD
Advanced
Solver

Area of Steel in
beam

2.78 in2

2.792 in2

2.792 in2

Area of Steel in
column

4.01%

4.09%
required

4.09%
required

4.23%
provided

4.23%
provided

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 3:31
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN
INPUT FILE: VER14.STD
2. UNIT KIP FEET
3. JOINT COORDINATES
4. 1 0. 0. ; 2 0. 15. ; 3 20. 15. ; 4 20. 0.
5. MEMBER INCIDENCE
6. 1 1 2 ; 2 2 3 ; 3 3 4
7. UNIT INCH
8. MEMBER PROPERTY
9. 1 3 PRISMATIC YD 16. ZD 14.
10. 2 PRISM YD 16. ZD 10.
11. CONSTANTS
12. E CONCRETE ALL
13. POISSON CONCRETE ALL
14. SUPPORT
15. 1 4 FIXED
16. UNIT FT
17. LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE
18. JOINT LOAD
19. 2 3 FY -521.32
20. MEMBER LOAD
21. 2 UNI GY -5.268
22. PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
4 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
3
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
2
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER

120 STAAD.Pro

14 Concrete Design per ACI 318 Code

VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN


-- PAGE NO.
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
6
23. PRINT MEMBER FORCES
MEMBER
FORCES

Verification Manual 121

14 Concrete Design per ACI 318 Code

VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN


-- PAGE NO.
3
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
(LOCAL )
MEMBER LOAD JT
AXIAL
SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z
TORSION
MOM-Y
MOM-Z
1
1
1
574.00
-13.69
0.00
0.00
0.00
-67.44
2
-574.00
13.69
0.00
0.00
0.00
-137.87
2
1
2
13.69
52.68
0.00
0.00
0.00
137.87
3
-13.69
52.68
0.00
0.00
0.00
-137.87
3
1
3
574.00
13.69
0.00
0.00
0.00
137.87
4
-574.00
-13.69
0.00
0.00
0.00
67.44
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
24. UNIT INCH
25. START CONC DESIGN
CONCRETE DESIGN
26. CODE ACI 1999
27. TRACK 1.0 MEMB 2
28. FYMAIN 60.0 ALL
29. FC 4.0 ALL
30. CLB 1.4375 ALL
31. DESIGN BEAM 2

122 STAAD.Pro

14 Concrete Design per ACI 318 Code

VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN


-- PAGE NO.
4
=====================================================================
BEAM NO.
2 DESIGN RESULTS - FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99
LEN - 20.00FT. FY - 60000. FC - 4000. SIZE - 10.00 X 16.00 INCHES
LEVEL
HEIGHT
BAR INFO
FROM
TO
ANCHOR
FT.
IN.
FT.
IN.
FT.
IN.
STA END
_____________________________________________________________________
1
0 + 2-5/8
2-NUM.10
0 + 0-0/0
20 + 0-0/0
YES YES
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
|
CRITICAL POS MOMENT=
125.53 KIP-FT AT 10.00 FT, LOAD
1|
|
REQD STEEL= 2.48 IN2, RHO=0.0185, RHOMX=0.0214 RHOMN=0.0033 |
|
MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.16/ 2.54/ 4.73 INCH
|
|
REQD. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 48.52 INCH
|
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location =
1837.17 inch^4
*** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED.
REQD. STEEL = 2.792 IN2, MAX. STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2.873 IN2
MAX NEG MOMENT =
137.87 KIP-FT, LOADING
1
*** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED.
REQD. STEEL = 2.792 IN2, MAX. STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2.873 IN2
MAX NEG MOMENT =
137.87 KIP-FT, LOADING
1
___
2J____________________ 240.X 10.X 16_____________________
3J____
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
| 2#10H
3.
0.TO 240.
|
||=========================================================================||
|
|
|___________________________________________________________________________|
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
|
| |
| |
| |
| |
|
|
|
|
| |
| |
| |
| |
|
|
|
|
| |
| |
| |
| |
|
|
|
|
| |
| |
| |
| |
|
|
|
| 2#10
| | 2#10
| | 2#10
| | 2#10
| | 2#10
|
| 2#10
|
|
OO
| |
OO
| |
OO
| |
OO
| |
OO
|
|
OO
|
|
| |
| |
| |
| |
|
|
|
|_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________|
|_________|

Verification Manual 123

14 Concrete Design per ACI 318 Code

VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN


-- PAGE NO.
********************END OF BEAM DESIGN**************************
32. DESIGN COLUMN 1

124 STAAD.Pro

14 Concrete Design per ACI 318 Code

VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN


-- PAGE NO.
====================================================================
COLUMN NO.
1 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 - AXIAL + BENDING
FY - 60000 FC - 4000 PSI, RECT SIZE - 14.00 X 16.00 INCHES, TIED
AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED =
9.164 SQ. IN.
BAR CONFIGURATION
REINF PCT.
LOAD
LOCATION
PHI
---------------------------------------------------------12 - NUMBER 8
4.232
1
END
0.700
(PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS ON EACH FACE)
TIE BAR NUMBER
4 SPACING 14.00 IN
********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS********************
33. END CONC DESIGN
34. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 3:49 ****

Verification Manual 125

14 Concrete Design per ACI 318 Code

VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN


-- PAGE NO.
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
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+81 (03)5952-6500
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************************************************************

126 STAAD.Pro

14 Concrete Design per ACI 318 Code

VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN


-- PAGE NO.
8
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb
12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb

Verification Manual 127

14 Concrete Design per ACI 318 Code

04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

128 STAAD.Pro

15 Natural Modes of a Simple Beam


Purpose
Compare theoretical answers to the STAAD solution.

Reference
Timoshenko, S., Vibration Problems in Engineering, Third Edition, D. Van Nostrand Company,
Inc., 1955, page 322

Problem
The first five natural frequencies and the associated mode shapes are computed for the flexural
motion of a simply supported beam.
Figure 15-1: Simple beam diagram

Model
Figure 15-2: Finite element model

The simply supported beam is divided into twenty spanwise beam elements. At nodes 1 and 21, all
degrees of freedom except the rotation about the Z axis are restrained. For the remaining nodes,
only the translation along Y and the rotation about Z are permitted. Both shear deformation and
rotary inertia have been excluded from the model. The mass matrix is a diagonal matrix.

Cross-section Properties
Rectangular Section: 1 inch Width x 2 inch Depth

Verification Manual 129

15 Natural Modes of a Simple Beam

Area = 2 in2
J = b3 a/16 {16/3 - 3.36(b/a)[1 - 1/12(b/a)4 ]}
where
a=2
b=1
J = 0.4578 inch4
I = 1x23/12 inch4
2

I = 2x13/12 inch4
3

Theoretical Results
The natural bending frequencies, for a uniform beam with hinged ends, are given by:
fn = n2 /212 (EIg/A)1/2
where
f = natural frequency for mode n, in cycles per second
n

l = span of the beam


E = elastic modulus
I = cross-section moment of inertia
g = gravitational constant
A = cross-section area
= weight density
The parameters used in the frequency equation are:
l = 20 inches
E = 10x106 psi
I = 0.6667 inches4
g = 386.4 inches per second 2
A = 2.0 sq. inches
= 0.1 pounds per cubic inch
from which:
fn = n2 x 445.685674
The table below shows the natural frequencies computed from the theoretical equation and the
subspace iteration method available within STAAD. Frequencies are in cycles per second.

130 STAAD.Pro

15 Natural Modes of a Simple Beam

Comparison
Table 15-1: Comparison of frequency values for verification problem no. 15
Mode Number

Theoretical

STAAD
Basic Solver

STAAD
Advanced Solver

445.686

445.506

445.506

1,782.74

1,782.01

1,782.01

4,011.17

4,009.41

4,009.41

7,130.97

7,127.25

7,127.25

11,142.1

11,134.25

11,134.25

Input file
staad plane STAAD Ver. PROB. 15
UNIT POUND INCH
JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 21 20 0 0
MEMB INCI
1 1 2 20
MEMB PROP
1 TO 20 PRIS AX 2 IZ 0.6667
CONST
E 10E6 ALL
POISSON 0.3 ALL
DENS 0.1 ALL
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 5
SUPP
1 21 FIXED BUT MZ
2 TO 20 FIXED BUT FY MZ
LOAD 1
SELF X 1.0
SELF Y 1.0
MODAL CALC REQ
PERF ANALY
finish

Verification Manual 131

15 Natural Modes of a Simple Beam

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 3:53
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD PLANE STAAD VER. PROB. 15
INPUT FILE: ver15.STD
2. * NATURAL MODES OF A SIMPLE BEAM
4. UNIT POUND INCH
5. JOINT COORD
6. 1 0 0 0 21 20 0 0
7. MEMB INCI
8. 1 1 2 20
9. MEMB PROP
10. 1 TO 20 PRIS AX 2 IZ 0.6667
11. CONST
12. E 10E6 ALL
13. POISSON 0.3 ALL
14. DENS 0.1 ALL
15. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 5
16. SUPP
17. 1 21 FIXED BUT MZ
18. 2 TO 20 FIXED BUT FY MZ
19. LOAD 1
20. SELF X 1.0
21. SELF Y 1.0
22. MODAL CALC REQ
23. PERF ANALY
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
21 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
20
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
21
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER

132 STAAD.Pro

15 Natural Modes of a Simple Beam

STAAD VER. PROB. 15


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL MODES OF A SIMPLE BEAM
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
40
NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED
=
5
NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL =
19
NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED
=
5
*** EIGENSOLUTION : ADVANCED METHOD ***

Verification Manual 133

15 Natural Modes of a Simple Beam

STAAD VER. PROB. 15


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL MODES OF A SIMPLE BEAM
CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE
1
MODE
FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC)
PERIOD(SEC)
1
445.506
0.00224
2
1782.012
0.00056
3
4009.409
0.00025
4
7127.250
0.00014
5
11134.253
0.00009
MODAL WEIGHT (MODAL MASS TIMES g) IN POUN
GENERALIZED
MODE
X
Y
Z
WEIGHT
1
0.000000E+00 3.228953E+00 0.000000E+00
2.000000E+00
2
0.000000E+00 2.763825E-27 0.000000E+00
2.000000E+00
3
0.000000E+00 3.469944E-01 0.000000E+00
2.000000E+00
4
0.000000E+00 9.994771E-32 0.000000E+00
2.211146E+00
5
0.000000E+00 1.165685E-01 0.000000E+00
2.000000E+00
PARTICIPATION FACTORS
MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT
-------------------------------------MODE
X
Y
Z
SUMM-X
SUMM-Y
SUMM-Z
1
0.00 84.97 0.00
0.000
84.972
0.000
2
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
84.972
0.000
3
0.00 9.13 0.00
0.000
94.104
0.000
4
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
94.104
0.000
5
0.00 3.07 0.00
0.000
97.171
0.000
24. FINISH

134 STAAD.Pro

15 Natural Modes of a Simple Beam

STAAD VER. PROB. 15


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL MODES OF A SIMPLE BEAM
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 4: 3 ****
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

Verification Manual 135

15 Natural Modes of a Simple Beam

STAAD VER. PROB. 15


-- PAGE NO.
5
* NATURAL MODES OF A SIMPLE BEAM
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

136 STAAD.Pro

15 Natural Modes of a Simple Beam

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 137

15 Natural Modes of a Simple Beam

Notes

138 STAAD.Pro

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate


Purpose
Compare theoretical answers to the STAAD solution.

Reference
Blevins, Robert D., Formulas for Natural Frequency and Mode Shape, Van Nostrand Reinhold
Company, 1979, Page 240.

Problem
A flat circular plate is simply supported around the entire perimeter. The first six modes and
their associated natural frequencies are to be computed using the subspace iteration method
offered by STAAD. This problem demonstrates that the natural frequencies of an axi-symmetric
structure can be accurately computed utilizing a 180 degree model with the appropriate boundary
conditions.
Figure 16-1: Diagram of circular plate

Model
The 180 degree sector was modeled using radial lines at intervals of 15 degrees. Tangential lines
were then located utilizing a relationship such that the aspect ratio of the quad-plate elements
was approximately 1.0. All rotations normal to the plane of the plate were restrained. In-plane
translations for all nodes were restrained because the theoretical solution does not consider inplane effects. Rotations about the global Y axis for the nodes at X=0.0 were restrained because this
is a symmetry boundary. Z translation of all nodes on the outside radius were restrained to
provide for the simply-supported condition.

139 STAAD.Pro

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

Figure 16-2: Finite model for half circular plate

It should be noted that the outside edge of the plate is a series of secant lines instead of a true
arc. This will result in a loss of about 1% of the plates true mass or about .5% of the mass that is
effective for this problem.
Therefore, it is not unlikely that a few natural frequencies will be lower than the theoretical values
instead of higher which is typical for a finite element analysis using plate elements. In addition, a
true simple-support condition for this problem would require restraining the component of
rotation that is radial to the outside edge.

Theoretical Answers
From the reference case 2 in Table 11-1, the first six natural frequencies of the plate are described by
the following equation:
2

fij =

ij

2a

Eh
2

12 1 2

= dimensionless parameter associated with the mode indices i,j


i = number of nodal diameters in this mode shape
j = number of nodal circles in this mode shape not counting the boundary
= Poissons ratio
E = Elastic Modulus
h = plate thickness
= mass of plate per unit area
a = radius of plate
The numerical values used for this example are:

Verification Manual 140

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

= 0.30
E = 10.0x10P6P psi
h = 0.10 inches
= (0.10 lbm/in3 )(0.10 in)/(386.4 lbm-in/lbf-s2 ) = 2.588(10)-5 lbf-s2 /in3
a = 10.0 inches
with the numerical values used above

2a

2
ij

12 1

(10.0 10 )(0.10)
12(2.588 10 )1 (0.3)

Eh 3

1
2 (10.0)

= 9.467

cycles/sec.

is tabulated from the reference as follows:


Table 16-1: Values of 2

ij

Mode
Number

ij

Number of Nodal
Circles (j)

4.977

13.94

25.65

29.76

5(l)
6
(l)

Number of Nodal
Diameters (i)

48.51

not tabulated in the reference

Comparison
Table 16-2: Comparison of frequency values, Hz, for verification problem no. 16
Mode
Number

Theoretical

47.12

46.21

46.21

132.0

130.54

130.54

242.8

240.15

240.15

281.7

283.03

283.03

373.2

373.2

466.58

466.58

5*
6

141 STAAD.Pro

STAADBasi- STAADAdvancec Solver


d Solver

459.3

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

*The reference did not tabulate a value of for the fifth mode of the structure, hence a comparison
with the theoretical value of this mode cannot be made.

Discussion
All anti-symmetric mode shapes for the 360 degree circular plate were captured by the 180 degree
model with a phase angle included in the calculation. Some of the difference between the
theoretical and STAAD frequencies is attributed to the loss of mass due to the piecewise secant
representation of the outer radius and, since this mass is about 1 percent lower than for a true
circular plate, it is not surprising that the first few modes are lower than the theoretical solution.

Input file
staad space STAAD Ver. ProB. 16
* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A CIRCULAR PLATE
UNIT POUND INCH
JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL
1 1 -90 0 13 1 90 0
REP 2 1.244 0 0
REP 1 1.051 0 0
REP 1 1.367 0 0
REP 1 1.779 0 0
REP 1 2.315 0 0
JOINT COORD
1000 0 0 0
ELEM INCI
1 1000 1 2 ; 2 1000 2 3 ; 3 1000 3 4 ; 4 1000 4 5 ; 5 1000 5 6
6 1000 6 7 ; 7 1000 7 8 ; 8 1000 8 9 ; 9 1000 9 10 ; 10 1000 10 11
11 1000 11 12 ; 12 1000 12 13
13 1 14 15 2 TO 24
REP 5 12 13
ELEM PROP
1 TO 84 TH 0.1
CONST
E 10.0E6 ALL
POISS 0.3 ALL
DENS 0.1 ALL
SUPP
* CENTRE OF CIRCLE

Verification Manual 142

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

1000 FIXED BUT FZ MX


* INTERIOR NODES
2 TO 12 15 TO 25 28 TO 38 41 TO 51 54 TO 64 67 TO 77 FIXED BUT FZ MX MY
* NODES ALONG CIRCUMFERENCE
79 TO 91 FIXED BUT MX MY
* NODES ALONG DIAMETER EXCEPT THE TWO AT THE ENDS OF THE DIAMETER.
1 TO 66 BY 13 13 TO 78 BY 13 FIXED BUT FZ MX
LOAD 1
SELF X 1.0
SELF Y 1.0
SELF Z 1.0
MODAL CALC REQ
PERF ANALY
FINI

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 4: 8
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD SPACE STAAD VER. PROB. 16
INPUT FILE: ver16.STD
2. * NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A CIRCULAR PLATE
4. UNIT POUND INCH
5. JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL
6. 1 1 -90 0 13 1 90 0
7. REP 2 1.244 0 0
8. REP 1 1.051 0 0
9. REP 1 1.367 0 0
10. REP 1 1.779 0 0
11. REP 1 2.315 0 0
13. JOINT COORD
14. 1000 0 0 0
16. ELEM INCI
17. 1 1000 1 2 ; 2 1000 2 3 ; 3 1000 3 4 ; 4 1000 4 5 ; 5 1000 5 6
18. 6 1000 6 7 ; 7 1000 7 8 ; 8 1000 8 9 ; 9 1000 9 10 ; 10 1000 10 11
19. 11 1000 11 12 ; 12 1000 12 13
21. 13 1 14 15 2 TO 24
22. REP 5 12 13
24. ELEM PROP
25. 1 TO 84 TH 0.1
27. CONST
28. E 10.0E6 ALL

143 STAAD.Pro

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

29.
30.
32.
34.
35.
37.
38.
39.
41.
42.
44.
45.
47.
48.
49.
50.

POISS 0.3 ALL


DENS 0.1 ALL
SUPP
* CENTRE OF CIRCLE
1000 FIXED BUT FZ MX
* INTERIOR NODES
2 TO 12 15 TO 25 28 TO 38 41 TO 51 54 TO 64 67 TO 77 FIXED BUT FZ MX MY
* NODES ALONG CIRCUMFERENCE
79 TO 91 FIXED BUT MX MY
* NODES ALONG DIAMETER EXCEPT THE TWO AT THE ENDS OF THE DIAMETER.
1 TO 66 BY 13 13 TO 78 BY 13 FIXED BUT FZ MX
LOAD 1
SELF X 1.0
SELF Y 1.0
SELF Z 1.0

Verification Manual 144

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 16


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A CIRCULAR PLATE
51. MODAL CALC REQ
52. PERF ANALY
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
92 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
0
NUMBER OF PLATES
84 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
92
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
250
NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED
=
6
NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL =
79
NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED
=
6
*** EIGENSOLUTION : ADVANCED METHOD ***

145 STAAD.Pro

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 16


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A CIRCULAR PLATE
CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE
1
MODE
FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC)
PERIOD(SEC)
1
46.211
0.02164
2
130.541
0.00766
3
240.146
0.00416
4
283.028
0.00353
5
373.198
0.00268
6
466.579
0.00214
MODAL WEIGHT (MODAL MASS TIMES g) IN POUN
GENERALIZED
MODE
X
Y
Z
WEIGHT
1
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 1.053697E+00
4.537235E-01
2
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 2.213994E-10
3.944625E-01
3
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 1.886318E-07
3.935445E-01
4
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 1.275807E-01
1.752589E-01
5
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 1.060158E-08
4.222041E-01
6
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 7.773679E-10
2.165169E-01
PARTICIPATION FACTORS
MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT
-------------------------------------MODE
X
Y
Z
SUMM-X
SUMM-Y
SUMM-Z
1
0.00 0.00 86.78
0.000
0.000
86.780
2
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
0.000
86.780
3
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
0.000
86.780
4
0.00 0.00 10.51
0.000
0.000
97.287
5
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
0.000
97.287
6
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
0.000
97.287
53. FINI

Verification Manual 146

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 16


* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A CIRCULAR PLATE

147 STAAD.Pro

-- PAGE NO.

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 16


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A CIRCULAR PLATE
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 4:33 ****
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
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************************************************************

Verification Manual 148

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 16


-- PAGE NO.
6
* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A CIRCULAR PLATE
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

149 STAAD.Pro

16 Natural Frequencies of a Circular Plate

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 150

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate


Purpose
Compare theoretical answers to the STAAD solution.

Reference
Blevins, Robert D., Formulas for Natural Frequency and Mode Shape, Van Nostrand Reinhold
Company, 1979, page 258.

Problem
A flat rectangular plate is simply supported on all four sides. The first six modes and their
associated natural frequencies are to be computed for this structure using the subspace iteration
method offered by STAAD. This problem also demonstrates that the mesh refinement can be
chosen to accurately calculate modes of interest based on the expected mode shapes.
Figure 17-1: Simply supported, rectangular plate

L = 45 in., W = 30 in., t = 0.2 in.

Model
A plate with an aspect ratio of 1.5 was used so that comparison could be made with theoretical
results tabulated for plates in the reference. An equally spaced mesh was utilized in both the x and
the y dimensions of the plate. The number of elements in each dimension was determined on the
basis of the highest mode of interest. Since the number of half-waves in the sixth mode is 3 in
the length dimension and 2 in the width dimension, a node spacing of 3.75 inches results in each
half- wave being represented by four elements which means that no element will be expected to
deform in double curvature. The simply supported edge condition requires that translation normal

Verification Manual 151

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

to the plane of the plate be restrained for these edge nodes. Rotations normal to the plate were
restrained for all nodes.
Figure 17-2: Model: finite element meshed

Theoretical Answers
From the reference case 16 in Table 11-4, the first six natural frequencies of the plate are described
by the following equations:
2

fij =

ij

Eh

2a 2

12 1 2

= dimensionless parameter associated with the mode indices i, j


i = number of half-waves in this mode shape along the horizontal axis
j = number of half-waves in this mode shape along the vertical axis
= Poissons ratio
E = elastic modulus
h = plate thickness
= mass of material per unit area
a = length of plate
b = width of plate
The numerical values used for this example are:

152 STAAD.Pro

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

= 0.30
E =30.0x106 psi
h=0.2 inches
= (0.282 lbm/in3 )(0.20 in)/(386.4 lbm-in/lbf-s2 ) = .1460(10)-4 lbf-s2 /in3
a = 45.0 inches
b = 30.0 inches
with the numerical values used above

2a

12 1

(30.0 10 )(0.20)
12(1.460 10 )1 (0.3)

Eh 3

1
2 (10.0)

= 0.9644

cycles/sec.

2 is tabulated from the reference as follows:


ij

Table 17-1: Values of 2

ij

Mode
Number

ij

Number of Half-Waves
in Length (i)

Number of Half-Waves
in Width (j)

32.08

61.69

98.70 1

111.0

128.3

177.7

Comparison
Table 17-2: Comparison of frequency values, Hz, for verificatoin problem no. 17
Mode
Number

Theoretical

STAADBasic
Solver

STAADAdvanced
Solver

30.94

30.6

30.6

59.49

58.72

58.72

95.18

95.06

95.06

107.1

106.28

106.28

123.7

122.09

122.09

171.3

168.0

168.0

Verification Manual 153

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

Discussion
As was noted earlier, the node spacing was based on the highest mode of interest. It follows that
the difference between the theoretical and STAAD frequencies generally increases with increasing
mode sequence.

Input file
staad space STAAD Ver. PROB. 17.
* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A RECTANGULAR PLATE
UNIT POUND INCH
JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 13 45 0 0
REP ALL 8 0 3.75 0
ELEM INCI
1 1 2 15 14 TO 12
REP 7 12 13
ELEM PROP
1 TO 96 TH 0.2
CONST
E 30.0E6 ALL
DENS 0.282 ALL
POISSON 0.3 ALL
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 6
cut off freq 1000
SUPPORT
* CORNER NODES
1 13 105 117 FIXED BUT MX MY
* NODES ALONG Y=0 AND Y=30
2 TO 12 106 TO 116 FIXED BUT MX MY
* NODES ALONG X=0
14 TO 92 BY 13 FIXED BUT MX MY
* NODES ALONG X=45
26 TO 104 BY 13 FIXED BUT MX MY
* INTERIOR NODES
15 TO 25 28 TO 38 41 TO 51 54 TO 64 67 TO 77 80 TO 90 93 TO 103 FIXED BUT FZ MX MY

154 STAAD.Pro

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

LOAD 1
SELF X 1
SELF Y 1
SELF Z 1
MODAL CALC REQ
PERF ANALY
fini

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.

****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 4:37
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD SPACE STAAD VER. PROB. 17
INPUT FILE: ver17.STD
2. * NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A RECTANGULAR PLATE
4. UNIT POUND INCH
5. JOINT COORD
6. 1 0 0 0 13 45 0 0
7. REP ALL 8 0 3.75 0
8. ELEM INCI
9. 1 1 2 15 14 TO 12
10. REP 7 12 13
11. ELEM PROP
12. 1 TO 96 TH 0.2
13. CONST
14. E 30.0E6 ALL
15. DENS 0.282 ALL
16. POISSON 0.3 ALL
17. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 6
18. CUT OFF FREQ 1000
19. SUPP
21. * CORNER NODES
22. 1 13 105 117 FIXED BUT MX MY
24. * NODES ALONG Y=0 AND Y=30
25. 2 TO 12 106 TO 116 FIXED BUT MX MY
27. * NODES ALONG X=0
28. 14 TO 92 BY 13 FIXED BUT MX MY
30. * NODES ALONG X=45
31. 26 TO 104 BY 13 FIXED BUT MX MY
33. * INTERIOR NODES
34. 15 TO 25 28 TO 38 41 TO 51 54 TO 64 67 TO 77 80 TO 90 35. 93 TO 103 FIXED BUT FZ MX MY
37. LOAD 1
38. SELF X 1
39. SELF Y 1
40. SELF Z 1
41. MODAL CALC REQ
42. PERF ANALY

Verification Manual 155

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 17


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A RECTANGULAR PLATE
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
117 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
0
NUMBER OF PLATES
96 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
117
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
311
NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED
=
6
NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL =
77
NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED
=
6
*** EIGENSOLUTION : ADVANCED METHOD ***

156 STAAD.Pro

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 17


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A RECTANGULAR PLATE
CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE
1
MODE
FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC)
PERIOD(SEC)
1
30.599
0.03268
2
58.724
0.01703
3
95.063
0.01052
4
106.277
0.00941
5
122.092
0.00819
6
168.009
0.00595
MODAL WEIGHT (MODAL MASS TIMES g) IN POUN
GENERALIZED
MODE
X
Y
Z
WEIGHT
1
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 4.833474E+01
1.915442E+01
2
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 1.438414E-16
1.920213E+01
3
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 3.063663E-15
1.925533E+01
4
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 4.837136E+00
1.927465E+01
5
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 7.328017E-14
1.927600E+01
6
0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 1.883367E-11
1.936298E+01
PARTICIPATION FACTORS
MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT
-------------------------------------MODE
X
Y
Z
SUMM-X
SUMM-Y
SUMM-Z
1
0.00 0.00 79.15
0.000
0.000
79.146
2
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
0.000
79.146
3
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
0.000
79.146
4
0.00 0.00 7.92
0.000
0.000
87.066
5
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
0.000
87.066
6
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
0.000
87.066
43. FINI

Verification Manual 157

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 17


* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A RECTANGULAR PLATE

158 STAAD.Pro

-- PAGE NO.

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 17


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A RECTANGULAR PLATE
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 4:57 ****
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Verification Manual 159

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 17


-- PAGE NO.
6
* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A RECTANGULAR PLATE
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

160 STAAD.Pro

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 161

17 Natural Frequencies of a Rectangular Plate

Notes

162 STAAD.Pro

18 Natural Modes of a Framework


Purpose
Compare the results from STAAD's subspace iteration method with the results from EASE2 and
ANSYS.

Reference
1. Problem 1, from the ASME 1972 Program Verification and Qualification Library
2. DeSalvo, G.J., and Swanson, J.A., ANSYS Engineering Analysis System Examples Manual,
Swanson Analysis Systems, Inc., 1979, Example Problem No. 2.
3. Peterson, F.E., EASE2 Elastic Analysis for Structural Engineering Example Problem Manual,
Engineering Analysis Corporation, 1981, Example 2.03.

Problem
A three dimensional frame is analyzed for its natural frequencies and the associated mode shapes
using the subspace iteration method offered by STAAD.
Figure 18-1: Frame model

All dimensions are in inches.

Verification Manual 163

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

Model
The only entity present in the model is the general purpose three dimensional beam.

Cross-section Properties
All the beam elements have the same cross section:
Outside radius, Ro = 1.1875 in.
Inside radius, Ri = 1.0335 in.
Area = (Ro2 - Ri2) = 1.074532 in2
Moment of Inertia, I = /4(Ro4 - Ri4)
I = 0.665747 in4
Torsion constant = twice the inertia, for closed circular sections = 1.331494 in4
The expression for the shear flexibility factor is derived from the ratio of maximum shear stress to
the average shear stress:
= AQ/Ib
Where the four items A, Q, I, and b are properties of the half cross-section about the centerline.
For the circular section they are:
A = /2(Ro2 - Ri2 )
Q = 2/3(Ro3 - Ri3 )
I = /8(Ro4 - Ri4 )
I = 2(Ro - Ri)
The final expression for the shear flexibility factor, for a circular tube section is:
=

AQ
Ib

4
3

R o3 R i3
2
2
R o R i R o R i

)(

= 1.993620
Hence the shear area is entered as
AY = Cross Section Area / = 1.074532 / 1.99362 = 0.538985 in2

Comparison
The following table compares Twenty-Four Natural Frequencies
Table 18-1: Comparison of natural frequency values (cycles per second) for
verification problem no. 18
Mode
Number

164 STAAD.Pro

DeSalvo and
Swanson2

Peterson STAADBasic
3
Solver

STAADAdvanced
Solver

111.52

111.53

111.23

111.23

115.95

115.96

115.80

115.80

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

Mode
Number

DeSalvo and
Swanson2

Peterson STAADBasic
3
Solver

STAADAdvanced
Solver

137.60

137.61

137.17

137.17

218.02

218.03

215.80

215.80

404.23

404.23

404.27

404.27

422.70

422.72

422.64

422.64

451.72

451.75

451.60

451.60

553.99

554.07

549.01

549.01

735.70

735.81

733.59

733.59

10

762.32

762.44

758.56

758.56

11

852.57

852.72

851.36

851.36

12

894.08

894.26

892.28

892.28

13

910.21

910.40

893.06

893.06

14

916.98

917.18

910.83

910.83

15

940.02

940.02

932.29

932.29

16

959.98

960.27

956.39

956.39

17

971.15

971.44

964.01

964.01

18

976.92

977.22

967.27

967.27

19

1012.2

1012.5

981.54

981.54

20

1028.4

1028.8

1009.26

1009.26

21

1123.6

1123.9

1070.56

1070.56

22

1134.5

1134.9

1123.16

1123.16

23

1164.1

1164.4

1149.37

1149.37

24

1216.7

1217.2

1199.88

1199.88

In both references by DeSalvo and Swanson2 and Peterson3, the number of dynamic degrees of
freedom has been reduced from 42 to 24, by means of the Guyan method. No such reduction is
performed in the STAAD model.

Input File
staad space STAAD Ver. PROB. 18
* NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF A SPACE FRAME
Verification Manual 165

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

UNIT POUND INCH


JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 ; 2 27.25 0 0
3 0 10 0 ; 4 27.25 10 0
5 0 18.625 0 ; 6 8.625 18.625 0 ; 7 18.625 18.625 0 ; 8 27.25 18.625 0

9 0 18.625 8.625 ; 10 27.25 18.625 8.625

11 0 0 17.25 ; 12 27.25 0 17.25


13 0 10 17.25 ; 14 27.25 10 17.25
15 0 18.625 17.25 ; 16 8.625 18.625 17.25
17 18.625 18.625 17.25 ; 18 27.25 18.625 17.25

MEMB INCI
113;224;335;448
5567

8 5 9 ; 9 8 10 ; 10 9 15 ; 11 10 18

12 11 13 ; 13 12 14 ; 14 13 15 ; 15 14 18
16 15 16 ; 17 16 17 ; 18 17 18

MEMB PROP
1 TO 18 PRIS AX 1.074532 IZ 0.665747 IY 0.665747 IX 1.331494 AY 0.538985 AZ 0.538985
* AY 1.88 AZ 1.88

CONST
E 27.9E6 ALL
POISS 0.3 ALL
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 24
1 2 11 12 FIXED

LOAD 1
JOINT LOAD
166 STAAD.Pro

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

3 4 13 14 FX 3.4517 FY 3.4517 FZ 3.4517


6 7 16 17 FX 3.4517 FY 3.4517 FZ 3.4517
9 10 FX 3.4517 FY 3.4517 FZ 3.4517
5 8 15 18 FX 9.7973 FY 9.7973 FZ 9.7973

MODAL CALC REQ


PERF ANALY
fini

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
1
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 5: 2
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD SPACE STAAD VER. PROB. 18
INPUT FILE: ver18.STD
2. * NATURAL MODES OF A SPACE FRAME
4. UNIT POUND INCH
5. JOINT COORD
6. 1 0 0 0 ; 2 27.25 0 0
7. 3 0 10 0 ; 4 27.25 10 0
8. 5 0 18.625 0 ; 6 8.625 18.625 0 ; 7 18.625 18.625 0 ; 8 27.25 18.625 0
10. 9 0 18.625 8.625 ; 10 27.25 18.625 8.625
12. 11 0 0 17.25 ; 12 27.25 0 17.25
13. 13 0 10 17.25 ; 14 27.25 10 17.25
14. 15 0 18.625 17.25 ; 16 8.625 18.625 17.25
15. 17 18.625 18.625 17.25 ; 18 27.25 18.625 17.25
17. MEMB INCI
18. 1 1 3 ; 2 2 4 ; 3 3 5 ; 4 4 8
19. 5 5 6 7
21. 8 5 9 ; 9 8 10 ; 10 9 15 ; 11 10 18
23. 12 11 13 ; 13 12 14 ; 14 13 15 ; 15 14 18
24. 16 15 16 ; 17 16 17 ; 18 17 18
26. MEMB PROP
27. 1 TO 18 PRIS AX 1.074532 IZ 0.665747 IY 0.665747 IX 1.331494 28. AY 0.538985 AZ 0.538985
29. * AY 1.88 AZ 1.88
31. CONST
32. E 27.9E6 ALL
33. POISS 0.3 ALL
34. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 24
36. SUPP
37. 1 2 11 12 FIXED
39. LOAD 1
40. JOINT LOAD
41. 3 4 13 14 FX 3.4517 FY 3.4517 FZ 3.4517
42. 6 7 16 17 FX 3.4517 FY 3.4517 FZ 3.4517
43. 9 10 FX 3.4517 FY 3.4517 FZ 3.4517
44. 5 8 15 18 FX 9.7973 FY 9.7973 FZ 9.7973
46. MODAL CALC REQ

Verification Manual 167

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

47. PERF ANALY

168 STAAD.Pro

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

STAAD VER. PROB. 18


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL MODES OF A SPACE FRAME
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
18 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
18
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
4
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
84
NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED
=
24
NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL =
42
NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED
=
24
*** EIGENSOLUTION : ADVANCED METHOD ***

Verification Manual 169

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

STAAD VER. PROB. 18


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL MODES OF A SPACE FRAME
CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE
1
MODE
FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC)
PERIOD(SEC)
1
111.236
0.00899
2
115.801
0.00864
3
137.169
0.00729
4
215.799
0.00463
5
404.271
0.00247
6
422.642
0.00237
7
451.600
0.00221
8
549.012
0.00182
9
733.589
0.00136
10
758.563
0.00132
11
851.354
0.00117
12
892.281
0.00112
13
893.060
0.00112
14
910.829
0.00110
15
932.286
0.00107
16
956.391
0.00105
17
964.012
0.00104
18
967.267
0.00103
19
981.536
0.00102
20
1009.256
0.00099
21
1070.562
0.00093
22
1123.161
0.00089
23
1149.368
0.00087
24
1199.882
0.00083
MODAL WEIGHT (MODAL MASS TIMES g) IN POUN
GENERALIZED
MODE
X
Y
Z
WEIGHT
1
6.984127E+01 1.585650E-31 1.600468E-29
6.127270E+01
2
1.586676E-29 3.061270E-32 7.005318E+01
5.765801E+01
3
1.530424E-27 9.787485E-34 1.243985E-27
7.213568E+01
4
1.120662E-28 6.042509E-32 2.161771E-32
7.915617E+01
5
1.703629E-34 4.244586E-03 6.051562E-31
1.532638E+01
6
5.415551E-31 1.825469E+01 9.149730E-33
1.469096E+01
7
1.534827E-31 3.211749E-29 5.112395E-03
1.450510E+01
8
1.793772E-32 1.069950E-32 2.966451E-01
1.825927E+01
9
2.958819E-32 9.521517E+00 5.195713E-31
1.177227E+01
10
9.808873E-04 2.321914E-29 1.152307E-32
1.174657E+01
11
1.321193E+00 6.262300E-31 7.417272E-32
1.582130E+01
12
1.954924E-27 1.911258E+00 8.329941E-33
1.624941E+01
13
1.722238E+00 2.372506E-27 4.394091E-33
3.802992E+01
14
2.577481E-30 6.851764E-30 4.001621E-31
2.195000E+01
15
5.909354E-32 3.217315E-31 2.363041E-01
1.628835E+01
16
4.416769E-31 4.122944E+00 2.251072E-30
1.648078E+01
17
3.524252E-32 4.118921E-32 1.054592E-28
1.622822E+01
18
2.754368E-31 1.629803E-31 3.083967E+00
1.640511E+01

170 STAAD.Pro

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

STAAD VER. PROB. 18


* NATURAL MODES OF A SPACE
19
3.491379E-01
20
9.398409E-33
21
0.000000E+00
22
3.635978E-01
23
4.264358E-31
24
6.381997E-02

-- PAGE NO.
FRAME
3.862104E-30
1.122183E+01
1.344792E-29
2.304610E-30
3.878643E-32
2.651481E-34

4.169724E-30
1.044268E-33
3.735534E-31
3.409187E-33
1.719066E-31
4.242369E-33

2.835636E+01
2.560370E+01
3.464233E+01
3.137066E+01
1.555328E+01
2.520960E+01

Verification Manual 171

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

STAAD VER. PROB. 18


* NATURAL MODES OF A SPACE FRAME
PARTICIPATION FACTORS
MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT
-------------------------------------MODE
X
Y
Z
SUMM-X
SUMM-Y
SUMM-Z
1
94.76 0.00 0.00
94.756
0.000
0.000
2
0.00 0.00 95.04
94.756
0.000
95.044
3
0.00 0.00 0.00
94.756
0.000
95.044
4
0.00 0.00 0.00
94.756
0.000
95.044
5
0.00 0.01 0.00
94.756
0.006
95.044
6
0.00 24.77 0.00
94.756
24.773
95.044
7
0.00 0.00 0.01
94.756
24.773
95.051
8
0.00 0.00 0.40
94.756
24.773
95.453
9
0.00 12.92 0.00
94.756
37.691
95.453
10
0.00 0.00 0.00
94.758
37.691
95.453
11
1.79 0.00 0.00
96.550
37.691
95.453
12
0.00 2.59 0.00
96.550
40.284
95.453
13
2.34 0.00 0.00
98.887
40.284
95.453
14
0.00 0.00 0.00
98.887
40.284
95.453
15
0.00 0.00 0.32
98.887
40.284
95.774
16
0.00 5.59 0.00
98.887
45.878
95.774
17
0.00 0.00 0.00
98.887
45.878
95.774
18
0.00 0.00 4.18
98.887
45.878
99.958
19
0.47 0.00 0.00
99.360
45.878
99.958
20
0.00 15.23 0.00
99.360
61.103
99.958
21
0.00 0.00 0.00
99.360
61.103
99.958
22
0.49 0.00 0.00
99.854
61.103
99.958
23
0.00 0.00 0.00
99.854
61.103
99.958
24
0.09 0.00 0.00
99.940
61.103
99.958
48. FINI
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 5:17 ****

172 STAAD.Pro

-- PAGE NO.

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

STAAD VER. PROB. 18


-- PAGE NO.
* NATURAL MODES OF A SPACE FRAME
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

Verification Manual 173

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

STAAD VER. PROB. 18


-- PAGE NO.
7
* NATURAL MODES OF A SPACE FRAME
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

174 STAAD.Pro

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 175

18 Natural Modes of a Framework

Notes

176 STAAD.Pro

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum


Purpose
Compare theoretical answers to the STAAD solution.

Reference
1. Biggs, John M., Introduction to Structural Dynamics, McGraw Hill, 1964, pp. 256-263
2. Blevins, Robert D., Formulas for Natural Frequency and Mode Shape, Van NostrandReinhold, 1979.

Problem
The supports of a simply supported beam are subjected to an acceleration time history. The
maximum bending moment in the beam is computed for the first mode of the structure. This
problem demonstrates the capabilities of STAAD to calculate the correct modal response of a
structure utilizing response spectrum data.
Figure 19-1: Simple span beam

Model
The STAAD model consists of 11 nodes and 10 elastic beam elements. Node 1 is completely
restrained with the exception of having rotational freedom in the Z direction, the remaining nodes
are restrained except for X and Y displacements and Z rotations. Node 11 is additionally restrained
against displacements in the Y direction to provide for the simple support condition . Only the
contribution of the first mode of the structure is considered.

Verification Manual 177

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

Figure 19-2: Finite element model

Theoretical Solution
Material Properties
L = 240.0 inches
E = 30 x 106 lb/in2
EI = 1.0 x 1010 lb-in2
m = 0.2 lb-sec2 / in2
h = 14.0 in.
From Reference 2, Table 8-1, page 108, the fundamental frequency of the beam is:
fi =

i
2

EI
m

9.869
2 (240)

1.0(10)
0.2

10

= 6.098hz

The modal participation factor for the fundamental mode is:


1

0 m (x ) d x
1
0 m 2 x

( )d x

Where the first mode shape, (x) = sin(x/1)


1

x
dx
1
1
2 x
m 0 sin
dx
1

m 0 sin

= 4/

The maximum relative modal displacement is given by:


Amax = u0 max
Where:
u0 max = y''so /2 (DLF)max
- 2*6.098Hz
y''so = 1.0g
(DLF)max = 1.648 at 6.098 Hz
178 STAAD.Pro

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

therefore:
Amax = 4(1.648)(386.4)/[(2)2 (6.098)2 ] = 0.5523 in.
The bending moment
M = -EI2 u/(x2 )
Where u for the first mode= A sin(x/l)
2 u/(x2 ) = -2 /l2 Asin(x/l)
M = AEI(2 /l2 )sin(x/l)
Mmax = Amax EI(2 /l2 )
at x = l/2
Mmax = 1(10)10 (0.5523)2 /(2402 ) = 946.351(10)3 lbin
at x=l/2

Comparison
Table 19-1: Comparison of max. moment in beam 5 for verification problem no.
19
Solution
Bending Moment (kip-inch)

Theory

STAAD
Basic Solver

STAAD
Advanced Solver

946.351

947.09

947.09

Input File
STAAD SPACE STAAD VER. PROB. 19
* RESPONSE OF A SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM TO A SHOCK SPECTRUM
UNIT POUND INCH
JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 11 240 0 0
MEMB INCI
1 1 2 10
MEMB PROP
1 TO 10 PRIS YD 14.0 ZD 1.45777 AX 20.4082 IX 40.0 IY 3.6139 IZ 333.333
CONST
E 30.0E6 ALL
POISS 0.3 ALL
DENS 3.78672 ALL
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1
SUPPORT
1 FIXED BUT MZ

Verification Manual 179

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

2 TO 10 FIXED BUT FX FY MZ
11 FIXED BUT FX MZ
LOAD 1
SELF X 1.0
SELF Y 1.0
SPECTRUM SRSS Y 1.0 ACC DAMP 0.001 SCALE 386.4
0.15 1.648 ; 0.17 1.648
PERF ANALY
PRINT MEMB FORCE LIST 5
fini

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
1
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 5:23
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD SPACE STAAD VER. PROB. 19
INPUT FILE: Ver19.STD
2. * RESPONSE OF A SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM TO A SHOCK SPECTRUM
3. UNIT POUND INCH
4. JOINT COORD
5. 1 0 0 0 11 240 0 0
6. MEMB INCI
7. 1 1 2 10
8. MEMB PROP
9. 1 TO 10 PRIS YD 14.0 ZD 1.45777 AX 20.4082 IX 40.0 IY 3.6139 IZ 333.333
10. CONST
11. E 30.0E6 ALL
12. POISS 0.3 ALL
13. DENS 3.78672 ALL
14. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1
15. SUPPORT
16. 1 FIXED BUT MZ
17. 2 TO 10 FIXED BUT FX FY MZ
18. 11 FIXED BUT FX MZ
19. LOAD 1
20. SELF X 1.0
21. SELF Y 1.0
22. SPECTRUM SRSS Y 1.0 ACC DAMP 0.001 SCALE 386.4
23. 0.15 1.648 ; 0.17 1.648
24. PERF ANALY
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
11 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
10
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
11

180 STAAD.Pro

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

STAAD VER. PROB. 19


-- PAGE NO.
* RESPONSE OF A SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM TO A S
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
30
NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED
=
1
NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL =
19
NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED
=
1
*** EIGENSOLUTION : ADVANCED METHOD ***

Verification Manual 181

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

STAAD VER. PROB. 19


-- PAGE NO.
3
* RESPONSE OF A SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM TO A S
CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE
1
MODE
FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC)
PERIOD(SEC)
1
6.069
0.16476
RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD
1
RESPONSE LOAD CASE
1
MODAL WEIGHT (MODAL MASS TIMES g) IN POUN
GENERALIZED
MODE
X
Y
Z
WEIGHT
1
1.709965E-23 1.478714E+04 0.000000E+00
9.273617E+03
SRSS
MODAL COMBINATION METHOD USED.
DYNAMIC WEIGHT X Y Z
1.761987E+04 1.669251E+04 0.000000E+00 POUN
MISSING WEIGHT X Y Z -1.761987E+04 -1.905373E+03 0.000000E+00 POUN
MODAL WEIGHT X Y Z
1.709965E-23 1.478714E+04 0.000000E+00 POUN
MODE
ACCELERATION-G
DAMPING
----------------------1
1.64933
0.00100
MODAL BASE ACTIONS
MODAL BASE ACTIONS
FORCES IN POUN LENGTH IN INCH
----------------------------------------------------------MOMENTS ARE ABOUT THE ORIGIN
MODE
PERIOD
FX
FY
FZ
MX
MY
MZ
1
0.165
0.00
24388.86
0.00
0.00
0.00 2926662.97

182 STAAD.Pro

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

STAAD VER. PROB. 19


* RESPONSE OF A SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM TO A S
PARTICIPATION FACTORS
MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT
-------------------------------------MODE
X
Y
Z
SUMM-X
SUMM-Y
SUMM-Z
1
0.00 88.59 0.00
0.000
88.585
0.000

-- PAGE NO.

BASE SHEAR IN POUN


-----------------X
Y
Z
0.00 24388.86
0.00
--------------------------TOTAL SRSS SHEAR
0.00 24388.86
0.00
TOTAL 10PCT SHEAR
0.00 24388.86
0.00
TOTAL ABS
SHEAR
0.00 24388.86
0.00

25. PRINT MEMB FORCE LIST 5


MEMB
FORCE
LIST
5

Verification Manual 183

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

STAAD VER. PROB. 19


-- PAGE NO.
5
* RESPONSE OF A SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM TO A S
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- POUN INCH
(LOCAL )
MEMBER LOAD JT
AXIAL
SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z
TORSION
MOM-Y
MOM-Z
5
1
5
0.00
1931.41
0.00
0.00
0.00 900734.25
6
0.00
1931.41
0.00
0.00
0.00 947088.00
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
26. FINI
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 5:41 ****

184 STAAD.Pro

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

STAAD VER. PROB. 19


-- PAGE NO.
* RESPONSE OF A SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM TO A S
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

Verification Manual 185

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

STAAD VER. PROB. 19


-- PAGE NO.
7
* RESPONSE OF A SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM TO A S
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

186 STAAD.Pro

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 187

19 Response of a Simply Supported Beam to a Shock Spectrum

Notes

188 STAAD.Pro

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate


Purpose
Compare theoretical answers to the STAAD solution.

Reference
Timoshenko, S., and Woinowsky-Krieger, S., Theory of Plates and Shells, Second Edition, McGrawHill, 1959, pages 162 - 165.

Problem
A rectangular plate is simply supported on all four sides. The transverse and longitudinal bending
moments as well as the deflections at several points on the plate are computed.
Figure 20-1: Rectangular plate model

L = 12 in., W = 16 in.

Model
The plate is modeled using 1 in. X 1 in. size elements. At the corner nodes, all the degrees of
freedom are considered restrained. For the nodes along the four edges, rotation is permitted about
that edge.

Theoretical Solution
From the Reference, equation (j), the expression for deflection normal to the plate surface is:
w=

( )

t 1 + 4 2
3

m = 1, 3, 5

sin

mx

cosh

my

cosh m

where

Verification Manual 189

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

m =

mb
2

From the Reference, equation (k), the expressions for bending moment per unit width are

4Dt 1 2

Mx =

m = 1, 3, 5

My =

sin

t 1 2 D
h

mx

cosh

my

m cosh m

4Dt 1 2
h

sin

m = 1, 3, 5

mx

cosh

my

m cosh m

Where:
= Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
t = Difference between the temperatures of the upper and lower surfaces of the plate
= Poissons ratio
h = Plate thickness
a = Dimension of the plate along the x1 axis
b = Dimension of the plate along the x2 axis
E = Elastic Modulus
D = Eh3/[12(1 - 2)
The numerical values used for this example are:
= 12.0E-06 / F
t = 450 F
= 0.3
h = 0.3 in.
a = 12 in.
b = 16 in.
E= 10.0E6 psi

Comparison
Deflections along X = 6
Table 20-1: Comparison of deflections along X = 6, in inches, for verification
problem no. 20
Node
Number

190 STAAD.Pro

Theoretical
Deflection

STAAD Basic
Solver
Deflection

STAAD
Advanced
Solver
Deflection

-8

0.00

0.00

0.00

20

-7

0.0897

0.0897

0.0897

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

Node
Number

Theoretical
Deflection

STAAD
Advanced
Solver
Deflection

STAAD Basic
Solver
Deflection

33

-6

0.1597

0.1597

0.1597

46

-5

0.2132

0.2132

0.2132

59

-4

0.2531

0.2531

0.2531

72

-3

0.2818

0.2818

0.2818

85

-2

0.3011

0.3011

0.3011

98

-1

0.3122

0.3122

0.3122

111

0.3158

0.3158

0.3158

124

0.3122

0.3122

0.3122

Deflections along Y = 1
Table 20-2: Comparison of deflections along Y = 1, in inches, for verification
problem no. 20
Node
Number

Theoretical
Deflection

STAAD
Advanced
Solver
Deflection

STAAD Basic
Solver
Deflection

118

119

0.1004

0.1004

0.1004

120

0.1794

0.1794

0.1794

121

0.2387

0.2387

0.2387

122

0.2799

0.2799

0.2799

123

0.3042

0.3042

0.3042

124

0.3122

0.3122

0.3122

125

0.3042

0.3042

0.3042

126

0.2799

0.2799

0.2799

127

0.2387

0.2387

0.2387

128

10

0.1794

0.1794

0.1794

Verification Manual 191

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

Node
Number

Theoretical
Deflection

STAAD
Advanced
Solver
Deflection

STAAD Basic
Solver
Deflection

129

11

0.1004

0.1004

0.1004

130

12

Bending Moments along Y = 0.5


Table 20-3: Comparison of bending moments along Y = 0.5, in in-lbs/in, for
verification problem no. 20

Element
Number

STAAD
STAAD BASIC
Theoretical
ADVANCED
SOLVER
Moment
SOLVER
Moment
(Pound-in/in)
Moment (Pound(Pound-in/in)
in/in)
Mx

192 STAAD.Pro

My

Mx

My

Mx

My

97

0.5

0.5 16.74

388.26

16.85

388.37

16.85

388.37

98

1.5

0.5 48.93

356.07

49.25

356.37

49.25

356.37

99

2.5

0.5 77.45

327.55

77.92

328.01

77.92

328.01

100

3.5

0.5 100.36 304.64 100.93

305.20

100.93

305.20

101

4.5

0.5 116.31

288.69 116.93

289.32

116.93

289.32

102

5.5

0.5 124.47

280.54

125.11

281.19

125.11

281.19

103

6.5

0.5 124.47

280.54

125.11

281.19

125.11

281.19

104

7.5

0.5 116.31

288.69 116.93

289.32

116.93

289.32

105

8.5

0.5 100.36 304.64 100.93

305.20

100.93

305.20

106

9.5

0.5 77.45

327.55

77.92

328.01

77.92

328.01

107

10.5 0.5 48.93

356.07

49.25

356.37

49.25

356.37

108

11.5

388.26

16.85

388.37

16.85

388.37

0.5 16.74

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

Bending Moments along X = 5.5


Table 20-4: Comparison of bending moments along X = 5.5, in in-lbs/in, for
verification problem no. 20

Element
Number

Theoretical
Moment
(Poundin/in)
Mx

My

373.88 31.12

STAAD BASIC
SOLVER
Moment
(Pound-in/in)
Mx

STAAD
ADVANCED
SOLVER
Moment (Poundin/in)

My

Mx

My

373.27

32.17

373.27

32.17

312.19

93.95

312.19

93.95

257.59

148.94

257.59

148.94

5.5 7.5

18

5.5 311.64
6.5

30

5.5 5.5

42

5.5 211.14
4.5

193.87

211.95

194.66

211.95

194.66

54

5.5 3.5

175.41

229.60 176.20

230.35

176.20

230.35

66

5.5 2.5

149.47

255.53

150.19

256.25

150.19

256.25

78

5.5 1.5

132.68

272.32

133.36

273.00

133.36

273.00

90

5.5 124.47
0.5

280.54 125.11

281.19

125.11

281.19

102

5.5 0.5 124.47

280.54 125.11

281.19

125.11

281.19

114

5.5 1.5

132.68

272.32

133.36

273.00

133.36

273.00

126

5.5 2.5

149.47

255.53

150.19

256.25

150.19

256.25

138

5.5 3.5

175.41

229.59

176.20

230.35

176.20

230.35

150

5.5 4.5 211.14

193.87

211.95

194.66

211.95

194.66

162

5.5 5.5

256.83 148.17

257.59

148.94

257.59

148.94

93.36

256.83 148.17

Input File
STAAD SPACE STAAD VER. PROB. 20
* THERMAL LOADING ON A RECTANGULAR PLATE.
Verification Manual 193

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

UNIT POUND INCH


JOINT COORD
1 0 -8 0 13 12 -8 0
REP 16 0 1 0
ELEM INCI
1 1 2 15 14 TO 12
REP 15 12 13
ELEM PROP
1 TO 192 TH 0.3
CONST
E 10.0E6 ALL
POISS 0.3 ALL
ALPHA 12.0E-6 ALL
SUPP
1 13 209 221 FIXED
2 TO 12 210 TO 220 FIXED BUT MX
14 TO 196 BY 13 26 TO 208 BY 13 FIXED BUT MY
LOAD 1
TEMP LOAD
1 TO 192 TEMP 0 450
PERF ANALY
PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 119 TO 129 7 TO 215 BY 13
PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 97 TO 108 6 TO 186 BY 12
fini

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 5:46
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD SPACE STAAD VER. PROB. 20
INPUT FILE: ver20.STD
2. * THERMAL LOADING ON A SIMPLY SUPPORTED RECTANGULAR PLATE.
4. UNIT POUND INCH
5. JOINT COORD

194 STAAD.Pro

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

1 0 -8 0 13 12 -8 0
REP 16 0 1 0
ELEM INCI
1 1 2 15 14 TO 12
REP 15 12 13
ELEM PROP
1 TO 192 TH 0.3
CONST
E 10.0E6 ALL
POISS 0.3 ALL
ALPHA 12.0E-6 ALL
SUPP
1 13 209 221 FIXED
2 TO 12 210 TO 220 FIXED BUT MX
14 TO 196 BY 13 26 TO 208 BY 13 FIXED BUT MY
LOAD 1
TEMP LOAD
1 TO 192 TEMP 0 450
PERF ANALY
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
221 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
NUMBER OF PLATES
192 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS

0
0
56

Verification Manual 195

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 20


-- PAGE NO.
* THERMAL LOADING ON A SIMPLY SUPPORTED RECT
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
1042
25. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 119 TO 129 7 TO 215 BY 13
JOINT
DISP
LIST
119

196 STAAD.Pro

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 20


-- PAGE NO.
* THERMAL LOADING ON A SIMPLY SUPPORTED RECT
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
Z-ROTAN
119
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.10040 -0.00193 -0.08944
0.00000
120
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.17937 -0.00371 -0.06893
0.00000
121
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.23869 -0.00521 -0.05010
0.00000
122
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.27991 -0.00635 -0.03262
0.00000
123
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.30417 -0.00705 -0.01607
0.00000
124
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.31218 -0.00729
0.00000
0.00000
125
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.30417 -0.00705
0.01607
0.00000
126
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.27991 -0.00635
0.03262
0.00000
127
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.23869 -0.00521
0.05010
0.00000
128
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.17937 -0.00371
0.06893
0.00000
129
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.10040 -0.00193
0.08944
0.00000
7
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.10098
0.00000
0.00000
20
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.08974
0.07940
0.00000
0.00000
33
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.15969
0.06132
0.00000
0.00000
46
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.21318
0.04637
0.00000
0.00000
59
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.25310
0.03406
0.00000
0.00000
72
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.28181
0.02380
0.00000
0.00000
85
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.30109
0.01506
0.00000
0.00000
98
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.31218
0.00729
0.00000
0.00000
111
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.31579
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
124
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.31218 -0.00729
0.00000
0.00000
137
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.30109 -0.01506
0.00000
0.00000
150
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.28181 -0.02380
0.00000
0.00000
163
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.25310 -0.03406
0.00000
0.00000
176
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.21318 -0.04637
0.00000
0.00000
189
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.15969 -0.06132
0.00000
0.00000
202
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.08974 -0.07940
0.00000
0.00000
215
1
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000 -0.10098
0.00000
0.00000
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
26. PRINT ELEM STRESS LIST 97 TO 108 6 TO 186 BY 12
ELEM
STRESS
LIST
97

Verification Manual 197

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 20


-- PAGE NO.
4
* THERMAL LOADING ON A SIMPLY SUPPORTED RECT
ELEMENT STRESSES
FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= POUN INCH
---------------STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK, MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH
ELEMENT LOAD
SQX
SQY
MX
MY
MXY
VONT
VONB
SX
SY
SXY
TRESCAT
TRESCAB
97
1
-2.00
-0.08
-16.85
-388.37
16.53
25419.74
25419.74
0.00
0.00
0.00
25939.96
25939.96
TOP : SMAX=
-1074.52 SMIN= -25939.96 TMAX=
12432.72 ANGLE= 2.5
BOTT: SMAX=
25939.96 SMIN=
1074.52 TMAX=
12432.72 ANGLE=-87.5
98
1
-1.69
-0.20
-49.25
-356.37
15.27
22367.84
22367.84
0.00
0.00
0.00
23808.31
23808.31
TOP : SMAX=
-3232.73 SMIN= -23808.31 TMAX=
10287.79 ANGLE= 2.8
BOTT: SMAX=
23808.31 SMIN=
3232.73 TMAX=
10287.79 ANGLE=-87.2
99
1
-1.23
-0.23
-77.92
-328.01
12.92
19844.14
19844.14
0.00
0.00
0.00
21911.49
21911.49
TOP : SMAX=
-5150.16 SMIN= -21911.49 TMAX=
8380.67 ANGLE= 3.0
BOTT: SMAX=
21911.49 SMIN=
5150.16 TMAX=
8380.67 ANGLE=-87.0
100
1
-0.78
-0.21
-100.93
-305.20
9.76
17989.87
17989.87
0.00
0.00
0.00
20377.92
20377.92
TOP : SMAX=
-6697.43 SMIN= -20377.92 TMAX=
6840.24 ANGLE= 2.7
BOTT: SMAX=
20377.92 SMIN=
6697.43 TMAX=
6840.24 ANGLE=-87.3
101
1
-0.42
-0.16
-116.93
-289.32
6.05
16820.57
16820.57
0.00
0.00
0.00
19302.28
19302.28
TOP : SMAX=
-7780.89 SMIN= -19302.28 TMAX=
5760.70 ANGLE= 2.0
BOTT: SMAX=
19302.28 SMIN=
7780.89 TMAX=
5760.70 ANGLE=-88.0
102
1
-0.13
-0.13
-125.11
-281.19
2.05
16269.07
16269.07
0.00
0.00
0.00
18747.84
18747.84
TOP : SMAX=
-8338.78 SMIN= -18747.84 TMAX=
5204.53 ANGLE= 0.8
BOTT: SMAX=
18747.84 SMIN=
8338.78 TMAX=
5204.53 ANGLE=-89.2
103
1
0.13
-0.13
-125.11
-281.19
-2.05
16269.07
16269.07
0.00
0.00
0.00
18747.84
18747.84
TOP : SMAX=
-8338.78 SMIN= -18747.84 TMAX=
5204.53 ANGLE= -0.8
BOTT: SMAX=
18747.84 SMIN=
8338.78 TMAX=
5204.53 ANGLE= 89.2
104
1
0.42
-0.16
-116.93
-289.32
-6.05
16820.57
16820.57
0.00
0.00
0.00
19302.28
19302.28
TOP : SMAX=
-7780.89 SMIN= -19302.28 TMAX=
5760.70 ANGLE= -2.0
BOTT: SMAX=
19302.28 SMIN=
7780.89 TMAX=
5760.70 ANGLE= 88.0

198 STAAD.Pro

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 20


-- PAGE NO.
5
* THERMAL LOADING ON A SIMPLY SUPPORTED RECT
ELEMENT STRESSES
FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= POUN INCH
---------------STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK, MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH
ELEMENT LOAD
SQX
SQY
MX
MY
MXY
VONT
VONB
SX
SY
SXY
TRESCAT
TRESCAB
105
1
0.78
-0.21
-100.93
-305.20
-9.76
17989.87
17989.87
0.00
0.00
0.00
20377.92
20377.92
TOP : SMAX=
-6697.43 SMIN= -20377.92 TMAX=
6840.24 ANGLE= -2.7
BOTT: SMAX=
20377.92 SMIN=
6697.43 TMAX=
6840.24 ANGLE= 87.3
106
1
1.23
-0.23
-77.92
-328.01
-12.92
19844.14
19844.14
0.00
0.00
0.00
21911.49
21911.49
TOP : SMAX=
-5150.16 SMIN= -21911.49 TMAX=
8380.67 ANGLE= -3.0
BOTT: SMAX=
21911.49 SMIN=
5150.16 TMAX=
8380.67 ANGLE= 87.0
107
1
1.69
-0.20
-49.25
-356.37
-15.27
22367.84
22367.84
0.00
0.00
0.00
23808.31
23808.31
TOP : SMAX=
-3232.73 SMIN= -23808.31 TMAX=
10287.79 ANGLE= -2.8
BOTT: SMAX=
23808.31 SMIN=
3232.73 TMAX=
10287.79 ANGLE= 87.2
108
1
2.00
-0.08
-16.85
-388.37
-16.53
25419.74
25419.74
0.00
0.00
0.00
25939.96
25939.96
TOP : SMAX=
-1074.52 SMIN= -25939.96 TMAX=
12432.72 ANGLE= -2.5
BOTT: SMAX=
25939.96 SMIN=
1074.52 TMAX=
12432.72 ANGLE= 87.5
6
1
0.34
-4.36
-373.27
-32.17
-31.51
24160.11
24160.11
0.00
0.00
0.00
25076.87
25076.87
TOP : SMAX=
-1951.93 SMIN= -25076.87 TMAX=
11562.47 ANGLE=-84.8
BOTT: SMAX=
25076.87 SMIN=
1951.93 TMAX=
11562.47 ANGLE= 5.2
18
1
0.74
-2.75
-312.19
-93.95
-29.19
18798.88
18798.88
0.00
0.00
0.00
21068.45
21068.45
TOP : SMAX=
-6007.83 SMIN= -21068.45 TMAX=
7530.31 ANGLE=-82.5
BOTT: SMAX=
21068.45 SMIN=
6007.83 TMAX=
7530.31 ANGLE= 7.5
30
1
0.67
-1.03
-257.59
-148.94
-25.19
15213.03
15213.03
0.00
0.00
0.00
17542.96
17542.96
TOP : SMAX=
-9558.82 SMIN= -17542.96 TMAX=
3992.07 ANGLE=-77.6
BOTT: SMAX=
17542.96 SMIN=
9558.82 TMAX=
3992.07 ANGLE= 12.4
42
1
0.38
-0.06
-211.95
-194.66
-20.36
13792.44
13792.44
0.00
0.00
0.00
15028.62
15028.62
TOP : SMAX= -12079.03 SMIN= -15028.62 TMAX=
1474.80 ANGLE=-56.5
BOTT: SMAX=
15028.62 SMIN=
12079.03 TMAX=
1474.80 ANGLE= 33.5

Verification Manual 199

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 20


-- PAGE NO.
6
* THERMAL LOADING ON A SIMPLY SUPPORTED RECT
ELEMENT STRESSES
FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= POUN INCH
---------------STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK, MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH
ELEMENT LOAD
SQX
SQY
MX
MY
MXY
VONT
VONB
SX
SY
SXY
TRESCAT
TRESCAB
54
1
0.12
0.39
-176.20
-230.35
-15.40
14020.85
14020.85
0.00
0.00
0.00
15628.28
15628.28
TOP : SMAX= -11474.99 SMIN= -15628.28 TMAX=
2076.65 ANGLE=-14.8
BOTT: SMAX=
15628.28 SMIN=
11474.99 TMAX=
2076.65 ANGLE= 75.2
66
1
-0.02
0.49
-150.19
-256.25
-10.66
14918.57
14918.57
0.00
0.00
0.00
17154.23
17154.23
TOP : SMAX=
-9942.06 SMIN= -17154.23 TMAX=
3606.09 ANGLE= -5.7
BOTT: SMAX=
17154.23 SMIN=
9942.06 TMAX=
3606.09 ANGLE= 84.3
78
1
-0.09
0.36
-133.36
-273.00
-6.23
15779.24
15779.24
0.00
0.00
0.00
18218.24
18218.24
TOP : SMAX=
-8871.89 SMIN= -18218.24 TMAX=
4673.17 ANGLE= -2.5
BOTT: SMAX=
18218.24 SMIN=
8871.89 TMAX=
4673.17 ANGLE= 87.5
90
1
-0.13
0.13
-125.11
-281.19
-2.05
16269.07
16269.07
0.00
0.00
0.00
18747.84
18747.84
TOP : SMAX=
-8338.78 SMIN= -18747.84 TMAX=
5204.53 ANGLE= -0.8
BOTT: SMAX=
18747.84 SMIN=
8338.78 TMAX=
5204.53 ANGLE= 89.2
102
1
-0.13
-0.13
-125.11
-281.19
2.05
16269.07
16269.07
0.00
0.00
0.00
18747.84
18747.84
TOP : SMAX=
-8338.78 SMIN= -18747.84 TMAX=
5204.53 ANGLE= 0.8
BOTT: SMAX=
18747.84 SMIN=
8338.78 TMAX=
5204.53 ANGLE=-89.2
114
1
-0.09
-0.36
-133.36
-273.00
6.23
15779.24
15779.24
0.00
0.00
0.00
18218.24
18218.24
TOP : SMAX=
-8871.89 SMIN= -18218.24 TMAX=
4673.17 ANGLE= 2.5
BOTT: SMAX=
18218.24 SMIN=
8871.89 TMAX=
4673.17 ANGLE=-87.5
126
1
-0.02
-0.49
-150.19
-256.25
10.66
14918.57
14918.57
0.00
0.00
0.00
17154.23
17154.23
TOP : SMAX=
-9942.06 SMIN= -17154.23 TMAX=
3606.09 ANGLE= 5.7
BOTT: SMAX=
17154.23 SMIN=
9942.06 TMAX=
3606.09 ANGLE=-84.3
138
1
0.12
-0.39
-176.20
-230.35
15.40
14020.85
14020.85
0.00
0.00
0.00
15628.28
15628.28
TOP : SMAX= -11474.99 SMIN= -15628.28 TMAX=
2076.65 ANGLE= 14.8
BOTT: SMAX=
15628.28 SMIN=
11474.99 TMAX=
2076.65 ANGLE=-75.2

200 STAAD.Pro

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 20


-- PAGE NO.
7
* THERMAL LOADING ON A SIMPLY SUPPORTED RECT
ELEMENT STRESSES
FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= POUN INCH
---------------STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK, MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH
ELEMENT LOAD
SQX
SQY
MX
MY
MXY
VONT
VONB
SX
SY
SXY
TRESCAT
TRESCAB
150
1
0.38
0.06
-211.95
-194.66
20.36
13792.44
13792.44
0.00
0.00
0.00
15028.62
15028.62
TOP : SMAX= -12079.03 SMIN= -15028.62 TMAX=
1474.80 ANGLE= 56.5
BOTT: SMAX=
15028.62 SMIN=
12079.03 TMAX=
1474.80 ANGLE=-33.5
162
1
0.67
1.03
-257.59
-148.94
25.19
15213.03
15213.03
0.00
0.00
0.00
17542.96
17542.96
TOP : SMAX=
-9558.82 SMIN= -17542.96 TMAX=
3992.07 ANGLE= 77.6
BOTT: SMAX=
17542.96 SMIN=
9558.82 TMAX=
3992.07 ANGLE=-12.4
174
1
0.74
2.75
-312.19
-93.95
29.19
18798.88
18798.88
0.00
0.00
0.00
21068.45
21068.45
TOP : SMAX=
-6007.83 SMIN= -21068.45 TMAX=
7530.31 ANGLE= 82.5
BOTT: SMAX=
21068.45 SMIN=
6007.83 TMAX=
7530.31 ANGLE= -7.5
186
1
0.34
4.36
-373.27
-32.17
31.51
24160.11
24160.11
0.00
0.00
0.00
25076.87
25076.87
TOP : SMAX=
-1951.93 SMIN= -25076.87 TMAX=
11562.47 ANGLE= 84.8
BOTT: SMAX=
25076.87 SMIN=
1951.93 TMAX=
11562.47 ANGLE= -5.2
**** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES ****
MAXIMUM
MINIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
PRINCIPAL
PRINCIPAL
SHEAR
VONMISES
TRESCA
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
2.593996E+04 -2.593996E+04 1.243272E+04 2.541974E+04 2.593996E+04
PLATE NO.
97
97
97
97
97
CASE NO.
1
1
1
1
1
********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES********************
27. FINI

Verification Manual 201

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 20


* THERMAL LOADING ON A SIMPLY SUPPORTED RECT

202 STAAD.Pro

-- PAGE NO.

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 20


-- PAGE NO.
* THERMAL LOADING ON A SIMPLY SUPPORTED RECT
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17: 6: 1 ****
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

Verification Manual 203

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

STAAD VER. PROB. 20


-- PAGE NO.
10
* THERMAL LOADING ON A SIMPLY SUPPORTED RECT
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb

204 STAAD.Pro

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb
04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 205

20 Thermal Loading on a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate

Notes

206 STAAD.Pro

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis


Purpose
Compare theoretical answers to the STAAD solution.

Reference
Hand calculation.

Problem
Figure 21-1: Cantilever member model

A transverse load P is applied to a cantilever member and increased until the member fails.

Geometry & Loading


Member length = 24 inch

Member Properties
Section = Wide flange W16X77
Material = Steel
Expected yield strength = 36 ksi

Verification Manual 207

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

Figure 21-2: Plastic Rotation (in radians) vs. Moment (in in-kips) plot for moment hinge

Comparison
Results from STAAD.Pro
The analysis results are saved at an interval of 0.1 inch deflection of the cantilever tip.
Figure 21-3: Capacity curve (Displacement at Control Joint, inches vs. Base Shear, kips) as calculated by
STAAD.Pro

208 STAAD.Pro

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

Table 21-1: Tabular form of the different points in Capacity


curve as reported by STAAD.Pro
Load Step

Displacement in

Base Shear kip

0.153

0.001

1.153

0.078

57.837

0.136

61.953

0.237

63.859

0.338

65.765

0.439

67.671

0.54

69.578

0.641

71.484

10

0.742

73.39

11

0.843

75.296

12

0.945

77.202

13

1.045

79.096

14

1.057

79.32

15

1.057

21.462

Results from hand calculation


At Load Step 3
Equation of elastic deflection at cantilever tip
= PL3/3EI +PL/GAv
z

P = 57.837 kip, l = 24 in, E = 29000 ksi, I = 138.0 in4, G = 11154 ksi, Av = 10.4323 in2
Thus elastic deformation

= [57.837 x 243 / (3 x 29000 x 138)] + [57.837 x 24 / (11154 x 10.4323)] = 0.066 +


z elastic
0.012 = 0.078 inch

At Load Step 14
Equation of elastic deflection at cantilever tip
= PL3/3EI +PL/GAv
z

P = 79.32 kip, l = 24 inch, E = 29000 ksi, I = 138.0 inP4, G = 11154 ksi, Av = 10.4323 in2

Verification Manual 209

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

Thus elastic deformation at cantilever tip

= [79.32 x 243 / (3 x 29000 x 138)] + [79.32 x 24 / (11154 x 10.4323)] = 0.091 +


z elastic
0.016 = 0.107 inch
Plastic rotation = 0.04 radian.
Since STAAD.Pro assumes small displacements (sin = ), plastic deformation at cantilever tip

z plastic

= l x = 24 x 0.04 = 0.96 inch

Total deflection =

z elastic

z plastic

= 0.107 + 0.96 = 1.067 inch

Comparison
Table 21-2: Comparison of results for verification problem no. 21
Deflection (free end) in
Load
Step

Force P (free
end)kips

STAAD.Pro
Advanced Solver

Hand
Calculation

Percent
Difference

57.837

0.078

0.078

0%

14

79.32

1.057

1.067

0.94%

Note: The deflection results from STAAD shown in the above table were obtained in the postprocessing mode Pushover-Node Results page.
Pushover analysis can be done through the Advanced Analysis Engine only.

Input File
STAAD SPACE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 20-Jul-07
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT INCHES KIP
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 0 24 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 29000
POISSON 0.3

210 STAAD.Pro

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

DENSITY 0.000283
ALPHA 6.5e-006
DAMP 0.03
END DEFINE MATERIAL
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
1 TABLE ST W16X77
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL STEEL ALL
SUPPORTS
1 FIXED
DEFINE PUSHOVER DATA
FRAME 2
FYE 36.000000 ALL
HINGE PROPERTY MOMENT
TYPE 1
A 0 0 B 1 1 C 11.0 1.30 D 11.0 0.32 E 15.0 0.32 YM 1480 YR 0.004
IO 2.0 LS 7.0 CP 10.5
HINGE TYPE 1 MEMBER 1
GNONL 1
DISP Z 2.0 JOINT 2
LOADING PATTERN 1
LDSTEP 1
SPECTRUM PARAMETERS
DAMPING 2.0000
SC 4
SS 1.1
S1 1.6
SAVE LOADSTEP RESULT DISP 0.1
END PUSHOVER DATA
LOAD 1 LOADTYPE Gravity
SELFWEIGHT Z 1
LOAD 2 LOADTYPE Push
JOINT LOAD
2 FZ 1
PERFORM PUSHOVER ANALYSIS
Verification Manual 211

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

FINISH

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17: 6: 6
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD SPACE
INPUT FILE: Ver21.STD
2. START JOB INFORMATION
3. ENGINEER DATE 20-JUL-07
4. END JOB INFORMATION
5. INPUT WIDTH 79
6. UNIT INCHES KIP
7. JOINT COORDINATES
8. 1 0 0 0; 2 0 24 0
9. MEMBER INCIDENCES
10. 1 1 2
11. DEFINE MATERIAL START
12. ISOTROPIC STEEL
13. E 29000
14. POISSON 0.3
15. DENSITY 0.000283
16. ALPHA 6.5E-006
17. DAMP 0.03
18. END DEFINE MATERIAL
19. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
20. 1 TABLE ST W16X77
21. CONSTANTS
22. MATERIAL STEEL ALL
23. SUPPORTS
24. 1 FIXED
25. DEFINE PUSHOVER DATA
26. FRAME 2
27. FYE 36.000000 ALL
28. HINGE PROPERTY MOMENT
29. TYPE 1
30. A 0 0 B 1 1 C 11.0 1.30 D 11.0 0.32 E 15.0 0.32 YM 1480 YR 0.004
31. IO 2.0 LS 7.0 CP 10.5
32. HINGE TYPE 1 MEMBER 1
33. GNONL 1
34. DISP Z 2.0 JOINT 2
35. LOADING PATTERN 1
36. LDSTEP 1
37. SPECTRUM PARAMETERS
38. DAMPING 2.0000

212 STAAD.Pro

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

STAAD SPACE
-- PAGE NO.
39. SC 4
40. SS 1.1
41. S1 1.6
42. SAVE LOADSTEP RESULT DISP 0.1
43. END PUSHOVER DATA
44. LOAD 1 LOADTYPE GRAVITY
45. SELFWEIGHT Z 1
46. LOAD 2 LOADTYPE PUSH
47. JOINT LOAD
48. 2 FZ 1
49. PERFORM PUSHOVER ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
2 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
1
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
1
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
2, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
6
NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED
=
1
NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL =
3
NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED
=
1
*** EIGENSOLUTION : ADVANCED METHOD ***

Verification Manual 213

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

STAAD SPACE
-- PAGE NO.
3
CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE
3
MODE
FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC)
PERIOD(SEC)
1
306.356
0.00326
MODAL WEIGHT (MODAL MASS TIMES g) IN KIP
GENERALIZED
MODE
X
Y
Z
WEIGHT
1
5.821397E-63 2.398385E-61 7.674960E-02
7.674960E-02
PARTICIPATION FACTORS
MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT
-------------------------------------MODE
X
Y
Z
SUMM-X
SUMM-Y
SUMM-Z
1
0.00 0.00100.00
0.000
0.000 100.000
***WARNING : COLUMN NO.
1 HAS FAILED IN DEFORMATION-CONTROLLED ACTION.
*** WARNING : STRUCTURE HAS REACHED AN UNSTABLE STATE WHERE
A VERY SMALL INCREASE IN PUSH LOAD IS CAUSING LARGE DISPLACEMENT.
50. FINISH

214 STAAD.Pro

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

STAAD SPACE
-- PAGE NO.
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17:17:17 ****
************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Bentley Systems or Partner offices
*
*
*
*
Telephone
Web / Email
*
* USA
+1 (714) 974-2500
*
* UK
+44 (0) 808 101 9246
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
*
* FRANCE
+33 (0) 1 55238400
*
* GERMANY
+49 0931 40468
*
* INDIA
+91 (033) 4006-2021
*
* JAPAN
+81 (03)5952-6500
http://www.ctc-g.co.jp
*
* CHINA
+86 21 6288 4040
*
* THAILAND +66 (0)2645-1018/19 partha.p@reisoftwareth.com*
*
*
* Worldwide http://selectservices.bentley.com/en-US/
*
*
*
************************************************************

Verification Manual 215

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

STAAD SPACE
-- PAGE NO.
5
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
0x91c1
00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
0xf981
00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
0x9b40
00073728
LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
0xcb81
00040960
MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
00704512
MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
00059392
NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
00069632
QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
00030720
SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
00061440
SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
00106572
SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x1dc0
00017408
UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
0x280
00197120
WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
0x57c0
00019968
WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
0x2e80
00108032
WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
0x6480
00008704
WrapperSystem.dll
10/19/2012
0xe141
00016384
WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
0x9741
00974848
AISCSections.mdb
06/13/2006
0xd4c1
01204224
AISCSectionsRCeco.mdb
06/05/2007
0xbc00
00331776
aiscsections_all_editions.mdb
01/05/2005
0x4b81
01810432
aiscsteeljoists.mdb
01/05/2005
0xcac1
03651584
aitctimbersections.mdb
05/01/2008
0xb001
00552960
aluminumsections.mdb
01/13/2010
0x40
01019904
AustralianColdFormedSections.mdb
10/02/2008
0x40
00520192
AustralianSections.mdb
10/18/2012
0x4d41
00765952
BrazilSections.mdb
05/19/2011
0x1641
00643074
BritishSections.mdb
09/12/2006
0xf4c0
00466944
bscoldformedsections.mdb
06/28/2005
0x8201
00327680
butlercoldformedsections.mdb
02/25/2008
0x2e01
00329728
CanadianSections.mdb
09/26/2006
0x5ec1
00280576
CanadianSections_old.mdb
05/31/2005
0x9e81
00450560
canadiantimbersections.mdb
02/10/2010
0x94c1
00483328
ChineseSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd6c0
00600064
dutchsections.mdb
08/08/2011
0xc880
02699264
EuropeanColdFormedSections.mdb
10/07/2010
0xd2c0
03596290
EuropeanSections.mdb
01/25/2011
0xc901
00692224
EuropeanSectionsLegacy.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd301
00202752
frenchsections.mdb
01/05/2005
0x11c1
00233472
germansections.mdb
10/06/2010
0x1bc1
00393216
GOSTColdFormedSections.mdb
12/08/2009
0x6ac0
00569344
IndianLegacySections.mdb
08/13/2012
0x6281
00942082
IndianSections.mdb
01/05/2005
0xd540
00180224
iscoldformedsections.mdb
02/21/2008
0xc380
00327680
JapaneseColdFormedSections.mdb
08/02/2011
0x2b80
00593920
JapaneseSections.mdb
07/15/2011
0xce40
00532480
JindalSections.mdb
11/09/2005
0x9081
00376832
Kingspancoldformedsections.mdb
08/24/2007
0x3ec0
00454656
Koreansections.mdb
04/24/2007
0x99c0
00114688
lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
02/07/2005
0x9a00
00243712
mexicansteeltables.mdb
04/19/2007
0x9ec1
00421888
RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
11/20/2009
0xf700
00428034
RussianSections.mdb
05/12/2009
0xe001
00237570
SouthAfricanSections.mdb
01/06/2005
0x9341
00194560
spanishsections.mdb
11/20/2009
0x5100
00368640
STO_ASChMSections.mdb
12/20/2011
0x2b41
00409600
TATAStructuraSections.mdb

216 STAAD.Pro

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

04/19/2007
0x7480
00223232
uscoldformedsections.mdb
10/31/2007
0x3700
00133120
VenezuelanSections.mdb
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Verification Manual 217

21 Deflection Calculation Through Pushover Analysis

Notes

218 STAAD.Pro

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load


Objective
To calculate the deflections at two points along the beam at steady-state condition.

Reference
1. Blevins, R. D., Formulas for natural Frequency and Mode Shape, Van Nostrand Reinhold,
1979, pp. 108, 455-486.
2. Warburton, G. B., The Dynamical Behavior of Structures, Pergamon Press, 1964, pp. 10-15, 85,
86.

Problem
Determine the steady-state displacements of the quarter and mid-span points of a fixed-fixed beam
subjected to a parabolically varying distributed load operating at a 7.5 Hz frequency.
Figure 22-1: Beam with harmonic distributed load

Figure 22-2: Model: divide span 20@10.0

Verification Manual 219

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

Given
E = 10.0x106 psi
L = 200 inches
I = 2/3 in4
A = 2 in2
Po = 0.1 lbf/in3
g = 386.4 in/sec2
The DYNRE2 run utilizes all 19 modes calculated by STAAD (Steady State analysis) for which a
value of 1.0(10)-10 times critical damping is assigned. A single forcing frequency equal to 7.5 Hz is
specified for the distributed load. This load is distributed to the nodes by calculating the total
integrated load for each beam and lumping one-half of this force to the respective i and j nodes.
x P (x )
i 2

Fi = F j = x j

x2

Fi = F j =

dx =

2x 3
3l

xj

1
2

x 4

x ji

l2

x j2 x i2
200

xi

(xl x ) d x
2

x j3 x i3
60, 000

Theoretical Solution
The theoretical solution for this example is taken from:
1. Blevins, R. D., Formulas for natural Frequency and Mode Shape, Van Nostrand Reinhold,
1979, pp 108, 455-486.
2. Warburton, G. B., The Dynamical Behavior of Structures, Pergamon Press, 1964, pp. 10-15,
85, 86.
The natural frequencies of the system are calculated using the equations from reference 1 page 108
and reference 2 page 85.
fi =

1
2

EI
m

Where:
m = A/g
fi =

( )

1.0(10) 2 / 3

2 (200)

0.10(2.0 / 386.4)

fi = 4.5156271*10-1 i2
satisfies the characteristic equation:
i

cos cosh - 1 = 0
Table 22-1: Calculated natural frequency for each mode

220 STAAD.Pro

4.730041

63.47865

10.10294

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

7.853205

174.9814

27.84915

10.99561

343.0334

54.59546

14.13717

567.0517

90.24907

17.27876

847.0773

134.8165

20.42035

1183.108

188.2975

23.56194

1575.144

250.6919

26.70354

2023.185

321.9998

The mode shapes are:


i = cosh

ix

cos

ix

i sinh

ix

sin

ix

Where:
i =

cosh i cos i
sinh i sin i

The response of mode i to a harmonic force:


i =

l i(x )P (x ) d x
2

i2

{ i(x )} m d x

sin(t i)

2
c 2
1 2 +
k

( )

Where is the response phase lag relative to the applied force and c is the damping.
i

Since c = 0.0, = 0.0


i

Upon substitution and rearranging terms:


i =

4P o
2
xl x ix d x
l2

2
2
2
l{ i(x )} d x
g i

sin t

From reference 1, page 466, case c and page 467, case 29:
4Po
l2

l x i(x) d x

4Po
l2

l x 2 i(x) d x =

8P 0

1 + (i )i (i )i i il
i2l

8(l ) P 0
i

i2l

2 i i l

Since the load is symmetric, this expression is zero for I = 2, 4, 6 ;


Therefore, i = 1,3,5, and: (-1)i = -1
And from the reference, i = i/l
So:

l i(x)P (x) d x =

16Pol
2

From Reference 1, page 457 case 5:


2

l{ i(x)} d x = 1
Verification Manual 221

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

Therefore:
= 7.5(2) = 47.1239 radians/sec
16Po

i =

m i2 i2 2

sin t =

16(1.0)sin t
0.10(2)
386.4

2 2
i i 2,

220.661

30, 912 sin t

i2 i2 2, 220.661

Table 22-2: Mode shapes


i
1

(t)

(1/4)

(1/2)

0.9825022

0.8631319

1.5881463

1.4059984

4.73004- 63.4786- 7.63815(10)1sin t


1
5

3 10.99561

343.033- 2.21457(10)3sin t
4

0.999966- 1.3708047
4

5 17.27876

847.077- 1.44744(10)4sin t
3

0.9999991.4145675
0.5278899
7

23.5619- 1575.144
4

2.24623(10)5sin t

1.0000000

1.3037973

1.4141982

y x, t = i = 1, 3, 5, 7 i(t ) i(x)

( )

Table 22-3: Steady state displacements for 1/4 and 1/2 points (nodes 6 and 11,
respectively)
i

() (t)

(1/2) (t)

-0.6592727

-1.2130493

-0.0030357

0.0031137

0.0000764

-0.0002048

0.0000293

-0.0000318

Summation

-0.6622028

-1.2101086

Comparison
Table 22-4: Comparison of steady-state displacements of the quarter (Node 6)
and mid-span points (Node 11) for verification problem no. 22
Theory

STAAD
Advanced Solver

Node 6 (X = 50 inches)

0.66220

0.65964

Node 11 (X = 100 inches)

1.21011

1.20545

Location

222 STAAD.Pro

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

Input File
STAAD SPACE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 29-Mar-06
END JOB INFORMATION
* FIXED BEAM SUBJECTED TO A HARMONIC LOAD WITH A PARABOLIC DISTRIBUTION X
* NUMBER OF NODES

21 X

* HIGH NODE NUMBER

21 X

* NODES FULLY RESTRAINED 2 X


* NUMBER OF BEAM ELEMENTS 20 X
* NUMBER OF EIGENVECTORS 19
SET SHEAR
UNIT INCHES POUND
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 10 0 0; 3 20 0 0; 4 30 0 0; 5 40 0 0; 6 50 0 0; 7 60 0 0;
8 70 0 0; 9 80 0 0; 10 90 0 0; 11 100 0 0; 12 110 0 0; 13 120 0 0;
14 130 0 0; 15 140 0 0; 16 150 0 0; 17 160 0 0; 18 170 0 0; 19 180 0 0;
20 190 0 0; 21 200 0 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 4 5; 5 5 6; 6 6 7; 7 7 8; 8 8 9; 9 9 10;
10 10 11; 11 11 12; 12 12 13; 13 13 14; 14 14 15; 15 15 16; 16 16 17;
17 17 18; 18 18 19; 19 19 20; 20 20 21;
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
1 TO 20 PRIS AX 2 AY 0 AZ 0 IX 0.001 IY 0.666667 IZ 0.166667
SUPPORTS
2 TO 20 FIXED BUT FY MZ
1 21 FIXED
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC MATERIAL1
E 1e+007
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 0.0999194
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS

Verification Manual 223

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

BETA 90 ALL
MATERIAL MATERIAL1 MEMB 1 TO 20
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 7
CUT OFF FREQUENCY 500
LOAD 1
SELFWEIGHT X 1
SELFWEIGHT Y 1
SELFWEIGHT Z 1
MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED
PERFORM STEADY STATE ANALYSIS
BEGIN STEADY FORCE
STEADY FORCE FREQ 7.5 DAMP 1e-010
JOINT LOAD
2 FY 1.8666
3 FY 3.5666
4 FY 5.0666
5 FY 6.3666
6 FY 7.4666
7 FY 8.3666
8 FY 9.0666
9 FY 9.5666
10 FY 9.8666
11 FY 9.9666
12 FY 9.8666
13 FY 9.5666
14 FY 9.0666
15 FY 8.3666
16 FY 7.4666
17 FY 6.3666
18 FY 5.0666
19 FY 3.5666
20 FY 1.8666
END
PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 6 11
FINISH
224 STAAD.Pro

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

STAAD Output
PAGE NO.
1
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro V8i SELECTseries4
*
*
Version 20.07.09.21
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 25, 2013
*
*
Time=
17:17:25
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Bentley Systems, Inc.
*
****************************************************
1. STAAD SPACE
INPUT FILE: Ver22.STD
2. START JOB INFORMATION
3. ENGINEER DATE 29-MAR-06
4. END JOB INFORMATION
5. * FIXED BEAM SUBJECTED TO A HARMONIC LOAD WITH A PARABOLIC DISTRIBUTION
6. *
NUMBER OF NODES
21
7. *
HIGH NODE NUMBER
21
8. *
NODES FULLY RESTRAINED
2
9. *
NUMBER OF BEAM ELEMENTS
20
10. *
NUMBER OF EIGENVECTORS
19
11. SET SHEAR
12. UNIT INCHES POUND
13. JOINT COORDINATES
14. 1 0 0 0; 2 10 0 0; 3 20 0 0; 4 30 0 0; 5 40 0 0; 6 50 0 0; 7 60 0 0
15. 8 70 0 0; 9 80 0 0; 10 90 0 0; 11 100 0 0; 12 110 0 0; 13 120 0 0
16. 14 130 0 0; 15 140 0 0; 16 150 0 0; 17 160 0 0; 18 170 0 0; 19 180 0 0
17. 20 190 0 0; 21 200 0 0
18. MEMBER INCIDENCES
19. 1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 4 5; 5 5 6; 6 6 7; 7 7 8; 8 8 9; 9 9 10
20. 10 10 11; 11 11 12; 12 12 13; 13 13 14; 14 14 15; 15 15 16; 16 16 17
21. 17 17 18; 18 18 19; 19 19 20; 20 20 21
22. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
23. 1 TO 20 PRIS AX 2 AY 0 AZ 0 IX 0.001 IY 0.666667 IZ 0.166667
24. SUPPORTS
25. 2 TO 20 FIXED BUT FY MZ
26. 1 21 FIXED
27. DEFINE MATERIAL START
28. ISOTROPIC MATERIAL1
29. E 1E+007
30. POISSON 0.3
31. DENSITY 0.0999194
32. END DEFINE MATERIAL
33. CONSTANTS
34. BETA 90 ALL
35. MATERIAL MATERIAL1 MEMB 1 TO 20
36. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 7
37. CUT OFF FREQUENCY 500
38. LOAD 1

X
X
X
X
X

Verification Manual 225

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

STAAD SPACE
-- PAGE NO.
39. SELFWEIGHT X 1
40. SELFWEIGHT Y 1
41. SELFWEIGHT Z 1
42. MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED
43. PERFORM STEADY STATE ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
21 NUMBER OF MEMBERS
20
NUMBER OF PLATES
0 NUMBER OF SOLIDS
0
NUMBER OF SURFACES
0 NUMBER OF SUPPORTS
21
SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
38
NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED
=
7
NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL =
19
NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED
=
7
*** EIGENSOLUTION : ADVANCED METHOD ***

226 STAAD.Pro

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

STAAD SPACE
-- PAGE NO.
CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE
1
MODE
FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC)
PERIOD(SEC)
1
10.103
0.09898
2
27.849
0.03591
3
54.591
0.01832
4
90.230
0.01108
5
134.747
0.00742
6
188.093
0.00532
7
250.166
0.00400
MODAL WEIGHT (MODAL MASS TIMES g) IN POUN
GENERALIZED
MODE
X
Y
Z
WEIGHT
1
0.000000E+00 2.759074E+01 0.000000E+00
1.584634E+01
2
0.000000E+00 5.211133E-28 0.000000E+00
1.763389E+01
3
0.000000E+00 5.287477E+00 0.000000E+00
1.757978E+01
4
0.000000E+00 8.411011E-30 0.000000E+00
1.788088E+01
5
0.000000E+00 2.138447E+00 0.000000E+00
1.901368E+01
6
0.000000E+00 1.991622E-30 0.000000E+00
1.837854E+01
7
0.000000E+00 1.145139E+00 0.000000E+00
1.756698E+01
PARTICIPATION FACTORS
MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT
-------------------------------------MODE
X
Y
Z
SUMM-X
SUMM-Y
SUMM-Z
1
0.00 72.67 0.00
0.000
72.666
0.000
2
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
72.666
0.000
3
0.00 13.93 0.00
0.000
86.591
0.000
4
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
86.591
0.000
5
0.00 5.63 0.00
0.000
92.223
0.000
6
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.000
92.223
0.000
7
0.00 3.02 0.00
0.000
95.239
0.000
44. BEGIN STEADY FORCE
45. STEADY FORCE FREQ 7.5 DAMP 1E-010
46. JOINT LOAD

Verification Manual 227

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

STAAD SPACE
47. 2 FY 1.8666
48. 3 FY 3.5666
49. 4 FY 5.0666
50. 5 FY 6.3666
51. 6 FY 7.4666
52. 7 FY 8.3666
53. 8 FY 9.0666
54. 9 FY 9.5666
55. 10 FY 9.8666
56. 11 FY 9.9666
57. 12 FY 9.8666
58. 13 FY 9.5666
59. 14 FY 9.0666
60. 15 FY 8.3666
61. 16 FY 7.4666
62. 17 FY 6.3666
63. 18 FY 5.0666
64. 19 FY 3.5666
65. 20 FY 1.8666
66. END

228 STAAD.Pro

-- PAGE NO.

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

STAAD SPACE

-- PAGE NO.
5
7 MODES (EIGENVECTORS) HAVE BEEN SELECTED.
MODE
NATURAL FREQUENCY
GENERALIZED WEIGHT
DAMPING
DAMPED FREQUENCY
NO.
(HZ)
(RAD/SEC)
(WEIGHT)
(MASS)
COEFFICIENT
(HZ)
1 1.010292E+01 6.347852E+01 1.584634E+01 4.104327E-02 1.000000E-10 1.010292E+01
2 2.784865E+01 1.749782E+02 1.763389E+01 4.567317E-02 1.000000E-10 2.784865E+01
3 5.459144E+01 3.430081E+02 1.757978E+01 4.553302E-02 1.000000E-10 5.459144E+01
4 9.022966E+01 5.669297E+02 1.788088E+01 4.631289E-02 1.000000E-10 9.022966E+01
5 1.347470E+02 8.466406E+02 1.901368E+01 4.924693E-02 1.000000E-10 1.347470E+02
6 1.880927E+02 1.181821E+03 1.837854E+01 4.760188E-02 1.000000E-10 1.880927E+02
7 2.501660E+02 1.571840E+03 1.756698E+01 4.549988E-02 1.000000E-10 2.501660E+02
PARTICIPATION FACTORS FOR EACH MODE
MODE NO.
X
Y
Z
MX
MY
MZ
1 0.000000E+00 0.218577E+04 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00
2 0.000000E+00 0.781939E-11 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00
3 0.000000E+00 0.382113E+03 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00
4 0.000000E+00 -0.153455E-11 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00
5 0.000000E+00 0.148269E+03 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00
6 0.000000E+00 -0.357590E-12 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00
7 0.000000E+00 0.829074E+02 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00 0.000000E+00
67. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 6 11
JOINT
DISPLACE LIST
6

Verification Manual 229

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

STAAD SPACE
-- PAGE NO.
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
Z-ROTAN
6
1
0.00000
0.65963
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.01831
11
1
0.00000
1.20545
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
68. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE= JAN 25,2013
TIME= 17:17:52 ****

230 STAAD.Pro

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

STAAD SPACE
-- PAGE NO.
************************************************************
*
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*
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Verification Manual 231

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

STAAD SPACE
-- PAGE NO.
8
Information about the key files in the current distribution
Modification Date
CRC
Size (Bytes)
File Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12/21/2012
0x880
19054592
SProStaad.exe
12/21/2012
0x6c00
08679424
SProStaadStl.exe
10/18/2012
0x3940
00373248
AISCSteelDesignNew.dll
09/19/2003
0x2fc0
00081970
CMesh.dll
11/29/2012
0x15c1
04476998
dbSectionInterface.dll
10/18/2012
0x5680
00315392
EC3Annex.dll
10/18/2012
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00421888
EuroCode3.dll
10/18/2012
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00102400
IS800SteelDesign.dll
01/24/2001
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LoadGen.dll
06/21/2012
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MathExtensions.dll
09/25/2003
0x6340
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MeshEngine.dll
11/27/2012
0x9a40
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NORSOKSteelDesign.dll
09/22/2003
0xce00
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QuadPlateEngine.dll
10/18/2012
0x6381
00079872
SteelCollection.dll
10/18/2012
0xf240
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SteelDesign.dll
10/18/2012
0xac1
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SteelSections.dll
05/28/2008
0x77c1
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SurfMeshEngine.dll
10/18/2012
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UnitConversions.dll
10/19/2012
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WrapperAISCSteelDesignNew.dll
10/19/2012
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WrapperSteelDesign.dll
10/19/2012
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WrapperSteelSections.dll
10/19/2012
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WrapperSystem.dll
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WrapperUnitConversions.dll
08/22/2011
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AustralianSections.mdb
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lysaghtcoldformedsections.mdb
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mexicansteeltables.mdb
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RCecoColdFormedSections.mdb
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RussianSections.mdb
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SouthAfricanSections.mdb
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STO_ASChMSections.mdb
12/20/2011
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232 STAAD.Pro

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

04/19/2007
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Verification Manual 233

22 Fixed Fixed Beam Excited by Harmonic Distributed Load

Notes

234 STAAD.Pro

Lists of Tables and Figures


Tables
Table 1-1: Comparison of Support Reaction, in kips, for verification problem no. 1

Table 2-1: Comparison of period, in sec., for verification problem no. 2

Table 3-1: Comparison of max. defl. and max. moment for verification problem no. 3

18

Table 4-1: Comparison of reaction, in kips, for verification problem no. 4

27

Table 5-1: Comparison of stress (), psi, and Deflection (), in. for verification model no. 5 35
Table 6-1: Comparison of moment, in kip-ft, for verification problem no. 6

44

Table 7-1: Comparison of deflection () for verification problem no. 7

52

Table 8-1: Comparison of max. moment, in kip-ft, for verification model no. 8

59

Table 9-1: Comparison of max. moment, in kip-ft, for verification problem no. 9

68

Table 10-1: Comparison of max. Force, F, and max. Moments,M, for verification problem
no. 10

75

Table 11-1: Comparison of stress () for verification model #11

86

Table 12-1: Comparison of stress () and Deflection () for verification problem 12

93

Table 13-1: Comparison of governing ratios for the member checks in verification problem
no. 13
103
Table 14-1: Comparison of concrete designs for verifcation problem no. 14

120

Table 15-1: Comparison of frequency values for verification problem no. 15

131

Table 16-1: Values of 2ij

141

Table 16-2: Comparison of frequency values, Hz, for verification problem no. 16

141

Table 17-1: Values of 2ij

153

Table 17-2: Comparison of frequency values, Hz, for verificatoin problem no. 17

153

Table 18-1: Comparison of natural frequency values (cycles per second) for verification
problem no. 18

164

Table 19-1: Comparison of max. moment in beam 5 for verification problem no. 19

179

Table 20-1: Comparison of deflections along X = 6, in inches, for verification problem no.
20
190
Table 20-2: Comparison of deflections along Y = 1, in inches, for verification problem no.
20
191
Table 20-3: Comparison of bending moments along Y = 0.5, in in-lbs/in, for verification
problem no. 20

192

Table 20-4: Comparison of bending moments along X = 5.5, in in-lbs/in, for verification
problem no. 20

193

Verification Manual 235

Table 21-1: Tabular form of the different points in Capacity curve as reported by
STAAD.Pro

209

Table 21-2: Comparison of results for verification problem no. 21

210

Table 22-1: Calculated natural frequency for each mode

220

Table 22-2: Mode shapes

222

Table 22-3: Steady state displacements for 1/4 and 1/2 points (nodes 6 and 11,
respectively)

222

Table 22-4: Comparison of steady-state displacements of the quarter (Node 6) and midspan points (Node 11) for verification problem no. 22
222

Figures
Figure 1-1: Plane truss

Figure 2-1: Beam supported on springs

Figure 3-1: Finite element mesh of cantilevered plate.

17

Figure 4-1: Cantilever model

27

Figure 5-1: Locomotive axle model

35

Figure 6-1: 1x1 bay plane frame

43

Figure 7-1: Plane truss model

51

Figure 8-1: Unequal leg bay model

59

Figure 9-1: Two story frame model

67

Figure 10-1: Space frame model

75

Figure 11-1: Model of a rigid wire suspended by wires

85

Figure 12-1: Model of two member truss

93

Figure 13-1: Steel braced frame frame

103

Figure 14-1: Concrete moment frame

119

Figure 15-1: Simple beam diagram

129

Figure 15-2: Finite element model

129

Figure 16-1: Diagram of circular plate

139

Figure 16-2: Finite model for half circular plate

140

Figure 17-1: Simply supported, rectangular plate

151

Figure 17-2: Model: finite element meshed

152

Figure 18-1: Frame model

163

Figure 19-1: Simple span beam

177

Figure 19-2: Finite element model

178

Figure 20-1: Rectangular plate model

189

236 STAAD.Pro

Figure 21-1: Cantilever member model

207

Figure 21-2: Plastic Rotation (in radians) vs. Moment (in in-kips) plot for moment hinge 208
Figure 21-3: Capacity curve (Displacement at Control Joint, inches vs. Base Shear, kips) as
calculated by STAAD.Pro
208
Figure 22-1: Beam with harmonic distributed load

219

Figure 22-2: Model: divide span 20@10.0

219

Verification Manual 237

Notes

238 STAAD.Pro

Bentley Systems, Incorporated


685 Stockton Drive, Exton, PA 19341 USA
+1 (800) 236-8539
www.bentley.com