Private Residence on Plot #9, Sec.

E/49, Eastern Mangrove, Abu Dhabi, UAE Main Contract

SECTION 43 00 00 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS (LPG)

REVISION HISTORY

0 1 0 Rev

Sep. 2011 May. 2011 Feb. 2011 Date

Issued for Tender Detailed Design Submission Preliminary Submission Description of revision

AK AK AK Prepared by

AK AK AK Checked by

HM HM

Authorized by

Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www.bead-architects.com

Revision (0) Project :A10 - 18 September. 2011

1

Sec. 43 00 00

............ 3 2.................................................................................... 2 1..........Private Residence on Plot #9.........2 1............................................................................... FITTINGS AND VALVES ............................... 2 DESCRIPTION OF WORK.................................................................................... 2 PRODUCT DELIVERY................................................... 5 PIPING.... E/49............... 43 00 00 ................................................................................................................... 2 SUBMITTALS .......................................................................5 REFERENCE .....................................................................1 3....................................................................................................... STORAGE AND HANDLING. 3 CONTAINER APPURTENANCES .....................................com Revision (0) Project :A10 ................................................................................. UAE Main Contract SECTION 43 00 00 Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) INDEX PART 1 ...... 3 PART 2 .................... Sec.............................. 12 3................................... Abu Dhabi.................................... 8 GAS LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM.....................................2 2......................................................................................................... Eastern Mangrove................................................ 9 PART 3 ...................2 GENERAL................................................................GENERAL................... 2 QUALITY ASSURANCE ................................18 September....bead-architects...............................4 LPG STORAGE TANK .............................3 1................1 2................................3 2.... 2011 2 Sec.......4 1.......................................................... 12 TESTING AND COMMISSIONING .........PRODUCTS .EXECUTION ........1 1.................................... 12 Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www......................................

2 1. 2011 1. Provide electrical work related to this section and complying with requirements of electrical devision.GENERAL 1.Private Residence on Plot #9.4.4 1. dielectic unions.4 1. Eastern Mangrove.3. storage tanks. Steel Pipes: Statement from manufacturer on his letterhead that the pipe furnished meets the international standards specified and contained in this section. fittings and controls.com Revision (0) Project :A10 .2 1.3 DESCRIPTION OF WORK Furnish and install LPG installation as indicated on drawings This section specifies the requirements for the LPG components.1 1. Chemical analysis indicated on the mill certification papers to meet or exceed the requirements of the referenced International Standard specification. Sec. meters.18 September.4. strainers.3 1. Wiring Diagrams : Submit manufacturer’s electrical requirements for power supply wiring. whose products have been in satisfactory use in similar service for not less than 5 years. E/49.2. 43 00 00 .1 Local Civil Defense Authority (Abu Dhabi Civil Defense) ADNOC FOD NFPA 58 British Standards Code of Practice LPG 1TA. valves. instruments. Submit manufacturer’s ladder-type wiring diagrams for interlock and control wiring. 1.5 Certificates to be provided for welding procedure with qualification of welders including list of welder’s names and symbols.bead-architects.2 SUBMITTALS Product Data: Submit manufacturer’s product specifications. for the pipe furnished for this project.2. Submit the following elements of the LPG Distribution and Storage System: Pipe and fittings.3. in English. QUALITY ASSURANCE Manufacturer’s Qualifications: Firms regularly engaged in manufacture of LPG storage tanks and distributory components with characteristics. sizes and capacities required.4.4. Shop Drawings: Submit shop drawings indicating tank locations. UAE Main Contract PART 1 . installation and startup instructions. 1.4. Subcontractor shall submit the Mill certification papers. weight loadings. Clearly differentiate between portions of wiring that are factory – installed and portions to be fieldBureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www. also known as material test reports.2 1.4.1 REFERENCE Conform to General Requirements for Mechanical Services.3 1.2. leak detection and alarm system. Abu Dhabi. Professional CONSULTANT Certification: Approval/compliance certification shall be submitted from the following agencies to certify that the professional CONSULTANT is legally qualified to practice in the jurisdiction where project is located and who is experienced in providing consultation services of the kind indicated: a) b) c) d) 1.1 1. required clearances and LPG pipe work distribution complete with valves. Code numbers on these papers to match the code numbers stenciled on the pipe.6 3 Sec.. 1.

construction debris.1 2.5.Private Residence on Plot #9. fabricated. Rules or Code under which the container was fabricated. b) c) d) e) f) g) Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www. Abu Dhabi. water.18 September. and container supports attached to. Include this data.1 1. E/49.4. Eastern Mangrove.S.2 PART 2 . denting and scoring. Do not install damaged components.PRODUCTS 2.bead-architects.4. breaking. product data. 1. UAE Main Contract installed. is recommended for that service by the manufacturer and is acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction Containers shall be designed. 43 00 00 . physical damage protecting devices. bulging. such as container openings. including “trouble – shooting” maintenance guide. Repair or alteration of containers shall comply with the Regulations.1. Containers showing serious denting. Sec. the "Rules for the Construction of Unfired Pressure Vessels". Heating or cooling coils shall not be installed inside storage containers. List of spare parts for two years operation and maintenance of complete system. lugs or brackets attached to the container by the container manufacturer.1 (c) or shall be designed. gouging or excessive corrosion shall be removed from service. Store LPG system components in clean dry place. replace with new.com Revision (0) Project :A10 . PRODUCT DELIVERY. fabricated. 2011 4 Sec.8 1. and features normally associated with container fabrication.1 LPG STORAGE TANK General a) This section includes design.7 Maintenance Data: Submit maintenance data and parts lists for each component control and accessory. tested and marked using criteria which incorporate an investigation to determine that it is safe and suitable for the proposed service. 1. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. tested and marked (or stamped) in accordance with the Regulations of the U. STORAGE AND HANDLING Handle LPG System components carefully to prevent damage. Division 1. shop drawings and wiring diagrams in maintenance manual.5. or the API-ASME Code for Unfired Pressure Vessels for Petroleum Liquids and Gases applicable at the date of manufacture. or furnished with the container by the manufacturer. Other welding is permitted only on saddle plates. Department of Transportation (DOT). Containers shall be painted either with yellow colour using a paint made with a medium yellow chrome pigment or white colour with a titanium oxide pigment. and physical damage. Protect from weather. fabrication and marking provisions for containers. dirt.5 1. fumes. Containers shall comply with 2. Section VIII. appurtenances required for these openings to make the containers gastight entities.1.

the design of the well and piping shall permit sufficient pressure relief valve relieving capacity.9) 125 (0. UAE Main Contract 2.7) 125 (0. Wind speeds shall be based on a Mean Occurrence Interval of 100 years.C) gauge) ASME Code not to Exceed Section VIII.7) 100 (0.5 (2. 2011 5 Sec.2) 219 (1. Abu Dhabi.1.5) 250 (1.1) 150 (1.0) 187 (1.1.1. pressure of DOT specification containers shall be in accordance with the appropriate DOT regulations. Design pressure (see Table 2. design shall be such as to permit this enclosure to be protected against corrosion and to permit inspection.5) 312.1.3) 175 (1. Eastern Mangrove. or part in one and part in the other.2) shall be interpreted as the pressure at the top head with allowance made for increased pressure on lower shell sections and bottom head due to the static pressure of the product. ANSI A58.6) 100 (0. Table 2. E/49.Private Residence on Plot #9.com Revision (0) Project :A10 . Such openings may be either in the container proper or in the manhole cover.3 Container Openings a) Containers shall be equipped with openings suitable for the service in which the container is to be used.2 For Gases with Vapor Pressure in psig Minimum Design Pressure in psig (MPa (MPa gauge) at 100 Deg.2) e) Wind loading on containers shall be based on wind pressures on the projected area at various height zones above ground in accordance with Design Loads for Buildings and other structures. 1980 Edition (Note 1) 80 (0.2 Container Design or Service Pressure a) The minimum design. Division 1. The minimum design pressure for ASME containers shall be in accordance with Table 2.9) 156 (1. and hydrostatic test loads. whether the container is in storage or in use. Sec.1. or service.1. 43 00 00 . Connections for pressure relief valves shall be located and installed in such a way as to have direct communication with the vapor space. Containers shall be fabricated so that they can be equipped with a fixed liquid level gauge(s) capable of indicating the maximum permitted filling level(s). If located in a protecting enclosure. If located in a well inside the container with piping to the vapor space. b) c) Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www.5) 215 (1. Containers shall be designed to be self-supporting without the use of guy wires and shall satisfy proper design criteria taking into account wind.18 September.bead-architects.2.F (37.8 Deg. b) c) d) 2.7) 215 (1. seismic (earth-quake) forces.

When LP Gas and one or more other compressed gases are to be stored or used in the same area. Gallons. Name and address of container supplier or trade name of container. b) c) CONTAINER APPURTENANCES General a) This section includes fabrication and performance provisions for container appurtenances.F".18 September. Year of manufacture. so located as to remain visible after the container is installed. container shut off valves. Gaskets used to retain LP-Gas in containers shall be resistant to the action of LP Gas. 43 00 00 . liquid level gauges and pressure gauges connected directly into the container openings.S. Cast iron shall not be used for parts such as bonnets or bodies.e. Abu Dhabi. Water capacity of container in lb or U. When a Revision (0) Project :A10 ." "Propane" or "Butane. The markings specified shall be on a metal nameplate attached to the container. ASME Code Symbol.7 MPa gauge). i.4 (b) and 2. E/49. F (816 deg.psig at 100 deg." ASME containers shall be marked as noted hereunder.OD HD Manufacturer's Serial Number.1. F (816 deg. Sec.4.1.1 Service for which the container is designed. malleable iron or brass. Design pressure in psig. Rules or Code under which they are fabricated and in accordance with 2.Private Residence on Plot #9.bead-architects. plugs. b) ii) c) Container appurtenances shall have a rated working pressure of at least 250 psig (1.2. Tare weight of container fitted for service for containers to be filled by weight. UAE Main Contract 2.4 (c).2 2. Container appurtenances shall be fabricated of materials suitable for LP-Gas service and resistant to the action of LP-Gas under service conditions The following shall also apply: i) Pressure containing metal parts of appurtenances. except that aluminium O-rings and spiral wound metal gaskets are acceptable. They shall be made of metal or other suitable material confined in metal having a melting point over 1500 deg. Ductile iron shall meet the requirements of ASTM A 395 or equivalent and malleable iron the requirements of ASTM A 47 or equivalent. Container Markings a) Containers shall be marked as provided in the Regulations. The nameplate shall be attached in such a way that corrosion of the nameplate or the container will be minimized: i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) xi) xii) 2. the containers shall be marked "Flammable" and either "LP-Gas. 2011 d) Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www.C) such as steel. ductile (nodular) iron.com 6 Sec. The wording "This container shall not contain a product having a vapor pressure in excess of. underground. ft. shall have a minimum melting point of 1500 deg. such as pressure relief devices. Outside surface area in sq. or both. Eastern Mangrove. Shell thickness Head thickness OL .C) or shall be protected against fire exposure.1. backflow check valves. above ground.

2011 ii) Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www. the gasket shall be replaced.2. Each pressure relief valve shall be plainly and permanently marked with: ƒ ƒ ƒ The pressure in psig at which the valve is set to start-to-leak.82m3/Min air at 1 atm. Eastern Mangrove. S = Total exterior surface in m2. A safety relief valve. ASME containers for LP-Gas shall be equipped with direct spring-loaded pressure relief valves conforming to applicable requirements of the Standard on Safety Relief Valves for Anhydrous Ammonia and LP Gas.6 deg. 1949 Edition Paragraphs U-200 and U-201 and all ASME Codes later than 1949 b) c) Minimum 110% 100% Maximum 125% 100% Manufacturers of pressure relief valves are allowed a plus tolerance not exceeding 10 percent of the set pressure marked on the valve.Private Residence on Plot #9. with relation to the design pressure of the container shall be in accordance with Table 2.2. This indicates that the valve is set to start to leak at 1.2.5 mm or less orifice diameter.7 MPa gauge. Standards for Safety Relief Valves of the Factory Mutual Research Corporation.1 MPa absolute. and that its rated relieving capacity Revision (0) Project :A10 . per minute of air at 15. d) Pressure relief valves for ASME containers shall also comply with the following: i) Pressure relief valves shall be of sufficient individual or aggregate capacity as to provide the relieving capacity for the container on which they are installed and to relieve at not less than the rate indicated before the pressure is in excess of 120 percent of the maximum (not including the 10 percent referred to in the footnote of Table 2. UAE Main Contract flange is opened. or other equivalent pressure relief valve standards.2. C and 0. Rated relieving capacity in cu ft. The start to leak setting of such pressure relief valves.bead-architects. Example: A pressure relief valve is marked 250-4050 AIR. 43 00 00 .18 September.6552 S0. with 1. A shut-off device for each connection of the outlet pipes for both gaseous and liquid phases and in addition an excess flow valve for the liquid phase. Table 2. The manufacturer's name and catalogue number.2) permitted start-to-leak pressure setting of the device. Sec. 2. E/49. The minimum rate of discharge shall be calculated to the formula: Discharge rate = 10.com 7 Sec. of the vent-valve type. A fixed maximum level gauge eg. Abu Dhabi.2 Containers All ASME Codes prior to 1949 Edition and the 1949 Edition paragraphs U-68 and U-69. Pressure Relief Devices a) Containers shall be equipped with one or more pressure relief devices which shall be designed to relieve vapor.2. e) Each tank shall be equipped with at least: i) ii) iii) iv) A continuous liquid level monitor with remote indicator. UL 132. ASME Code.2. DOT containers shall be equipped with pressure relief valves or fusible plug devices as required by DOT Regulations. it may be of the internal or external type.

2. Filling.9m3/s of air.2. Withdrawal. shall close when flow is either stopped or reversed. The appurtenances specified herein above may be installed as individual components or as combinations completely assembled by the appurtenance manufacturer.2. iii) Shut off valves shall not be located between a pressure relief device and the container. iv) 2. Externally set or adjusted valves shall be provided with an approved means of sealing the adjustment. Liquid Level Gauging Devices a) Liquid level gauging devices shall be provided on all containers filled by volume. Excess flow valves shall be designed with a bypass. a) Shut off valves. withdrawal and equilizing connections shall be equipped with the appurtenances for the appropriate type and capacity of container and the service in which they are to be used. The markings indicating the various liquid levels from empty to full shall either be directly on the system nameplate and on the gauging device. shall comply with 2.4 (a) will be achieved through additional pressure relief devices which remain operative. used individually or in suitable combinations.18 September.2. 2011 b) Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www.5 Other Container Connections a) Container openings shall be equipped with a positive shut off valve in combination with an excess-flow valve. Cylinder valve outlet connections on all DOT cylinders from which vapor can be withdrawn. b) c) d) e) f) 2. 60 drill size opening. Variable liquid level gauges shall be so marked that the maximum liquid level. is readily determinable. Eastern Mangrove.2. Sec. shall not be interchangeable with those used for liquid withdrawal. which may be of spring loaded or weight-loaded type with in line or swing operation. withdrawal and equilizing connections.4.3 (c).2.Private Residence on Plot #9. Fixed level gauges or variable gauges of the slip tube. back flow check valves and quick closing internal valves. excess-flow check valves. Manual shut off valves shall be designed to provide positive closure under service conditions. 43 00 00 . Connections for Flow Control (Filling. First and second stage vapour pressure regulators shall be sized to bring down the Revision (0) Project :A10 .3 (b) and 2.bead-architects. Both valves of double backflow check valves shall comply with this provision. Backflow check valves. to allow equalization of pressure. not to exceed a No.com 8 Sec. Pressure relief valves shall be so designed that the possibility of tampering will be minimized. or percent of capacity of the container in which they are to be installed. Excess flow check valves shall be designed to close automatically at the rated flows of vapor or liquid specified by the manufacturer. E/49. b) c) 2. at container filling. UAE Main Contract is 1. Equalizing). Abu Dhabi. rotary tube or float types (or combinations of such gauges) may be used to comply with this provision. unless the arrangement is such that the relief device relieving capacity flow specified in 3.3.

Abu Dhabi. Pipe and Tubing Fittings a) b) Pipe joints in steel. All materials used including valve seat discs. Fittings used at pressure higher than container presure such as on the discharge of liquid transfer pumps shall be suitable for a working pressure of at least 350 psig (2. Valves shall be suitable for the appropriate working pressure.4 MPa gauge). used in piping systems shall be of steel.8 MPa gauge) WOG valves comply with this provision]. brass or copper pipe shall be welded or brazed. packing.3.3. Below grade Distribution pipework shall be seamless steel to BS 1387 Class-C with factory applied polyethylene sleeve.3.3.9 MPa gauge) shall be suitable for a working pressure of at least 250 psig (1. 2. F (538 deg. as follows: i) Valves used at pressures higher than container pressure. or with vapor LP-Gas at operating pressures over 125 psig (0. 2011 b) Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www. such as on the discharge of liquid transfer pumps shall be suitable for a working pressure of at least 350 psig (2. Fittings used with liquid LP-Gas.Private Residence on Plot #9. Eastern Mangrove. Above grade distribution pipework shall be copper to BS 2871 Table Y Final connections to equipment shall be soft copper tubes to BS 2871 TableX. Ductile iron shall meet the requirements of ANSI/ASTM A 395 or equivalent and malleable iron the requirements of ANSI/ASTM A 47 or equivalent. seals and diaphragms shall be resistant to the action of LP Gas under service conditions.7 MPa gauge). excess flow check valves (either manually or automatically operated). Fittings for use with vapor LP-Gas at pressure not exceeding 125 psig (0.com 9 Sec.bead-architects. tubing. Valves. UAE Main Contract pressure of gas to the required pressure. pipe and tubing fittings. 2. FITTINGS AND VALVES General This section includes basic design provisions and material specifications for pipe.3. Other than Container Valves a) Pressure containing metal parts of valves (except appliance valves). c) d) e) 2. 43 00 00 . including manual positive shut off valves. The regulators shall be complete with pressure relief and venting devices in accordance with NFPA 58. Sec. E/49. malleable iron or brass.18 September.000 deg. valves used to connect container appurtenances with the balance of the LP Gas system.4.3 2. [400 psig (2. ductile (nodular) iron. PIPING.9 MPa gauge) shall be suitable for a working pressure of 125 psig (0.4 MPa gauge).1.2. Revision (0) Project :A10 . 2. Soldering or brazing filler material shall have a melting point exceeding 1. Pipe a) b) c) d) LPG fill line shall be seamless steel to BS 1387 Class C. C).9 MPa gauge).

Abu Dhabi.18 September. 43 00 00 . Main LPG supply shall be shut off at 30% LEL indication. Below the gas control panel is the system control panel which shall have the following indications: AC healthy DC healthy Sprinkler on Gas pressure low Gas pressure high Gas solenoid valve operated Common fire signals Gas leak high The panel shall have the following switches: Sprinkler manual operate Gas manual shut off Test lamp Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www.9 MPa gauge). Valves (except appliance valves) to be used with vapor LP Gas at pressures not to exceed 125 psig (0.9 MP a gauge).7 MPa gauge).1 Control Panel a) The central control panel shall be located in the control room at Administration Building and shall easily be accessible in the event of an emergency. c) The concentration of the gas shall be displayed on a common indicator with selector switches to display the concentration of the desired channel or zone indicator. 2.F (121 deg. shall be suitable for a working pressure of at least 250 psig (1.com Revision (0) Project :A10 . 2011 b) d) 10 Sec. Manual shut off from a remote location. excess flow check valves and backflow check valves used in piping systems shall comply with the provisions for container valves. Emergency shut off valves shall be approved and incorporate all of the following means of closing.9 MPa gauge) shall be suitable for a working pressure of at least 125 psig (0. d) ii) iii) e) Solenoid valves shall be intrinsically safe construction suitable for 24V DC power supply.4 GAS LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM A gas leak detection system shall be installed to monitor for gas leaks at different locations of the gas network. i) Automatic shut off through thermal (fire) actuation. When fusible elements are used they shall have a melting point not exceeding 250 deg. The central panel shall have a modular design incorporating input alarm/display module for each gas detector. Eastern Mangrove. E/49.bead-architects.C). UAE Main Contract ii) Valves to be used with liquid LP Gas. Sec. or with vapor LP-Gas at pressures in excess of 125 psig (0. Each channel shall have indication for low alarm at 15% LEL..Private Residence on Plot #9. 2.4. but not to exceed 250 psig (1.7 MPa gauge). iii) c) Manual shut off valves. Manual shut off at the installed location. high alarm at 30% LEL and fault at 0-100% LEL indicator.

4.2 Gas Detectors The gas detectors shall use a pellistor sensor to detect flammable gases and vapours.Private Residence on Plot #9. local internal alarm and indication shall show on the control panel. it shall be possible to by pass the automatic system and operate the system manually. Connection to the fire alarm system: In the event of a fire alarm signal. The sprinkler system over the LPG storage tanks shall operate.3 Sounder Flasher A sounder cum flasher unit shall be installed in the vicinity of the panel located in a visible area.com Revision (0) Project :A10 . The sensor shall be housed in a stainless steel. Manual operation of the sprinkler system On/Off Manual reset Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www.4. In the event of an emergency. 2.5 sq. Eastern Mangrove. this shall include: a) b) c) Manual shut off/on of the gas through the emergency shut-off push button.4 Cables MICC cables of at least 1.18 September. Sec. 2011 11 Sec.4. 43 00 00 .4. mm area shall be used to interconnect between each detector and the control panel. Abu Dhabi. fitted onto an explosion proof junction box.bead-architects. E/49.5 Logic of operation When low level gas leak is detected in any zone. the following sequence shall occur: a) b) The solenoid valve in the gas distribution channel shall be closed automatically. External alarm shall be operated. UAE Main Contract System reset 2. the following sequence shall occur: a) b) The solenoid valve in the gas distribution channel shall be closed automatically. 2. 2. flame proof housing. When high level gas leak is detected in any zone.

2.5 times the operating pressure.5 bar The first stage regulator operating pressure 1. 43 00 00 .1 3. If a leak is found.1. Oxygen or flammable gases will not be used.2. A test report shall be submitted for approval. 3.9 3. Sec. Commissioning of the system shall be carried out to demonstrate that all the equipment and the whole system are in good working order.3 3.1.18 September. LPG piping shall be painted with a specific colour different than other pipes.1.1. operating pressure 37 mbar.7 The filling line operating pressure up to 20 bar. Valves shall also be painted. 2011 12 Sec. The gas network shall be leak tested using gases such as nitrogen or argon.1. The leak test duration shall be 1 hour. the leaking joint shall be repaired or the leaking equipment shall be replaced.Private Residence on Plot #9.bead-architects. UAE Main Contract PART 3 . The tank and high pressure stage operating pressure 16.5 3. 3. The specified test pressure shall be monitored for a minimum of one hour during which the soap water method shall be used to leak test every joint. TESTING AND COMMISSIONING Before installations are handed over or subjected to inspection and testing. pipe supports and brackets shall be painted with 2 undercoats and 2 finishing coats of yellow colour paint.2. Direction arrows to indicate the flow of gas in the system shall be painted. 17.2 3.5 bar. The LPG contractor shall accommodate any additional testing required by authorities such as Civil Defence in order to obtain their acceptance of the system. The second stage pressure. The system in parts and as a whole shall be tested to ensure that it will operate safely.1 GENERAL All pipe work.com Revision (0) Project :A10 . The leak test shall include all the different pressure stages of the system including: a) b) c) d) 3.2 3. The testing procedure shall be repeated to prove the complete system as leak free.8 3. If no leak is detected and the pressured gauge indicates no drop in the test pressure then the system will be proven to be leak free. Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www.1. Orange or yellow colours are recommended. Eastern Mangrove. and signed records are available. When purging into or out of service is required this shall be carried out in accordance with LPGA Code of Practice No. both internally and externally. without leaks and to the satisfaction of the local Civil Defence Authority. Purging Vessels and their ancillary equipment shall be purged until the oxygen level is reduced below that which will support combustion before commissioning. Abu Dhabi.4 3.EXECUTION 3.6 Test pressure shall be at least 1.1 3.1. E/49.2 3. the entire installation shall be thoroughly cleaned.3 LPG shall not be introduced into a pipework system unless it has passed a leak test for the entire system to be commissioned.1.1.

6 3. Sec.2. so that the oxygen level is reduced to less than 9% by volume.g.bead-architects. nitrogen. E/49.7 END OF SECTION Bureau of Excellence in Architecture & Design www.2. UAE Main Contract 3. Purge gas should be introduced in a controlled manner using an adjustable pressure regulator. The introduction of LPG may be undertaken in sections if necessary. 3. before introducing LPG.Private Residence on Plot #9. During the introduction of LPG the gas shall be released at a safe location and must not be allowed to accumulate in any confined space. sudden chilling of the system from rapid vaporisation shall be avoided by precharging with LPG vapour up to vapour pressure before introducing liquid.18 September. 2011 13 Sec. Abu Dhabi.2.4 Purging of pipework systems shall only be carried out by or under the supervision of competent persons. Eastern Mangrove.com Revision (0) Project :A10 .5 3. Pipework should be purged with an inert gas e. When commissioning liquid systems.2. or by pre-pressurisation with the inert gas. provided suitable purge gas release points have been provided. 43 00 00 .