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Tutorial Sheet – 01(SOM) Simple Stresses & Strains

Q-1 A hollow circular cylinder is made of cast iron and has an outside diameter of 75 mm and an inside diameter of 60 mm. The cylinder measures 600 mm in length and is subjected to axial compressive load of 50 KN. Neglecting any possibility of lateral buckling of the cylinder, determine the normal stress and shortening in length of the cylinder under this load. Take the modulus of elasticity of cast iron to be 100 GPa. Make calculations for minimum diameter of a steel wire which is required to raise a load of 6 KN. Presume that the wire can sustain a maximum stress of 120 N/mm2. Also calculate extension in 3 m length of wire. Take modulus of elasticity E = 200 GPa. The following data were recorded during tensile test made on a standard tensile test specimen : Original diameter and gauge length = 15 mm and 60 mm Minimum diameter at fracture = 10 mm Distance between gauge points at fracture = 75 mm Load at yield point and at fracture = 40 KN and 45 KN Maximum load that specimen can take = 70 KN. Make calculations for (a) yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and breaking strength (b) % elongation and % reduction in area after fracture (c) nominal stress and true stress at fracture. x2 The cross-sectional area of a bar is given by 100 + mm2 where x in mm, 100 is distance of the section from one end. Make calculations for increase in length of the bar when a tensile load equivalent to 20 KN is applied on a length of 150 mm. The value of elastic modulus for the bar material is 200 GN / m2. A steel flat plate AB of 10 mm thickness taper uniformly from 100 mm to 50 mm width in a length of 400 mm. How much will be the elongation of the plate if a tensile axial force of 50 KN is made to act upon it. Take modulus of elasticity E = 2 × 105 N / mm2. An aerial copper wire ( E = 1 × 105 N / mm2 ) 40 m long has cross sectional area of 80 mm2 and weighs 0.6 N / m. If the wire is suspended vertically, calculate : (a) the elongation of wire due to self-weight, (b) total elongation when a weight of 200 N is attached to its lower end, (c) maximum weight which this wire can support at its lower end if the limiting value of stress is 65 N / mm2. A vertical rod of 4 m length is rigidly fixed at upper end and carries an axial tensile load of 50 KN. Calculate extension of the bar if the rod tapers uniformly from a diameter of 50 mm at top to 30 mm at bottom. Take density of material = 1 × 105 Kg / m3 and Young’s modulus = 210 GN / m2. The bar shown in fig. is subjected to an axial pull of 150 KN. Determine the diameter of the middle portion if stress is limited to 125 N / mm 2. Determine the length of this middle portion if total extension of the bar is specified as 0.15 mm. Take modulus of elasticity of bar material E = 2.5 × 105 N/mm2.

Q-2

Q-3

Q-4

Q-5

Q-6

Q-7

Q-8

P3 and P4 as shown in fig. Take E = 2 × 105 N / mm2. Q-10 A member ABCD is subjected to point loads P 1. Each rod is 25 mm in diameter. If modulus of elasticity of steel is twice that of copper. Take modulus of elasticity E = 200 GN / m2. the bore being 25 mm in diameter. P2 = 220 KN and P4 = 160 KN. Make calculations for the axial stresses in each section of the rod. P2.2 m length. make calculations for the stress induced in the rod. Calculate the % change in extension produced under the same pull by boring the rod centrally for 1. Q-11 A square bar of 25 mm side is held between two rigid plates and loaded by a axial pull equal to 300 KN as shown in fig. . length of steel rod is 3 m and length of each copper rod is 2 m. For steel modulus of elasticity is 2 × 105 N / mm2. Q-13 Two copper rods and one steel rod lie in vertical plane and together support a load of 50 KN as shown in fig.5 m long is subjected to a pull of 100 KN. Calculate the force P3 necessary for equilibrium if P1 = 120 KN. Determine also the net change in the length of the member.Q-9 A steel tie rod 50 mm in diameter and 2. It may be assumed that each rod deforms by the same amount. Q-12 A rod ABCD rigidly fixed at the ends A and D is subjected to two equal a opposite forces P = 25 KN at B and C as shown in fig. Determine the reactions at end A and C and elongation of portion AB.

make calculations for the load carried and shortening in length of each tube. (b) subjected to equal stresses. . Q-18 Three bars of the same length have their areas of cross-section in the ratio 1:2:3. Determine the modulus of elasticity. Q-15 A mild steel tube of external diameter 80 mm and internal diameter 60 mm is enclosed centrally inside a brass tube of same length and having external diameter 100 mm and internal diameter 80 mm. Find the maximum stress induced when (a) a weight of 2.5 KN falls from 12 cm on the collar (a) a weight of 25 KN falls from 1 cm on the collar. Take E = 2 × 105 N / mm2. Find the strain energy stored in the bar. Q-17 A steel bar of rectangular section 50 mm × 30 mm and length 1. The beam is rigid and the wires are of the same length and unstressed before the beam is attached. Q-16 A circular rod of 100 mm diameter and 500 mm length is subjected to a tensile force of 1000 KN. The outer wires are of brass of 1. If the elastic limit of the material of the bar is 150 N / mm2.2 mm diameter and attached to each end of the beam. determine the proof resilience and modulus of resilience. bulk modulus and change in volume if Poisson’s ratio = 0.5 m. Take Young’s modulus for brass as 80 GN / m2 and for steel as 200 GN / m2. is subjected to a gradually applied load of 150 KN. Q-28 A bar 3 m long and 5 cm diameter hangs vertically and has a collar securely attached to the lower end.Q-14 A beam weighing 500 N is held in horizontal position by three wires. Make a comparison in the strain energy of these bars when (a) acted upon by equal loads.6 mm diameter and attached to the middle of the beam.30 and Young’s modulus = 2 × 105 N / mm2. The central wire is of steel of 0. If modulus of elasticity for steel and brass are 200 GPa and 100 GPa respectively and tube length is 30 cm. Take E = 2 × 105 N / mm2. The ends of the tubes are brazed together and the composite arrangement is subjected to an axial pull of 25 KN. Determine the stress induced in each of the wire.

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