Project: Aid Adha Submitted By: Rachida Elidrissi Salma Labyad Mofida Boutnkhar Supervised by: Ahmed KHABAZ

Eid al-Adha (Arabic: ‫‘ عيد الحضحى‬Īdu l-’Aḍḥā) "Festival of Sacrifice" or "Greater Bairam" is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims (including the Druze) worldwide to commemorate the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ishmael as an act of obedience to God. However, God provided a ram in place once Ibrahim demonstrated his willingness to follow God's commands.

Eid al-Adha is the latter of two Eid festivals celebrated by Muslims, whose basis comes from the Quran.[1] (Muslims in Iran celebrate a third, non-denominational Eid.) Like Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha begins with a short prayer followed by a sermon (khuṭba). Eid al-Adha annually falls on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja (‫ )ذو الحجة‬of the lunar Islamic calendar. The festivities last for three days or more depending on the country. Eid alAdha occurs the day after the pilgrims conducting Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in

. The name is often simply translated into the local language. Chinese (Chinese: 古古古古 Gúěrbāng Jié). Translations of "Big Eid" or "Greater Eid" are used in Pashto ‫ لوی اختر‬Loy Akhtar. Dutch Offerfeest. The Turkish term was then later borrowed into languages such as Azeri (Qurban Bayramı).Saudi Arabia by Muslims worldwide. and Turkish (Turkish: Kurban Bayramı). The term was borrowed directly into French as Aïd el-Kebir. Tunisia. ‘Īd ul-Kabīr. Such names are used in Malay and Indonesian (Hari Raya Haji "Hajj celebration day". Hindi and Urdu Baṛā Īd. and in Tamil Hajji Peru Nāl. Other names Eid-al-Adha has other popular names across the Muslim world. The Arabic term "Festival of Sacrifice". and Egypt). German Opferfest. Tatar (Qorban Bäyräme). was borrowed into Dari Persian and Farsi Persian as Eyde Ghorbân (Persian: ‫)عيد قربان‬. ‘Īd ul-’Aḍḥā was borrowed as a unit into Indic languages such as Hindi. Kashmiri Baed Eid. and also into various Indic languages. Syria. and Hungarian Áldozati ünnep. Malay and Indonesian (Hari Raya Korban. Another Arabic name. Urdu. Algeria. and Tamil Peru Nāl. descend from Mount Arafat. as in Kurdish (Cejna Qurbanê [2]). Albanian and several Slavic languages (Kurban Bajram/Курбан бајрам/Курбан байрам). Pashto (Kurbaneyy Akhtar). Another Arabic word for "sacrifice". such as English Festival of Sacrifice. Libya. Another name refers to the fact that the holiday occurs after the culmination of the Hajj (‫)حج‬. and North Africa (Morocco. is used in Yemen. meaning "Greater Eid/Festival". (Arabic: ‫ قربان‬qurbān). Qurbani). into Kazakh as Құрбан айт (Qurban ayt). into Tajik Persian as Иди Қурбон Idi Qurbon. or pilgrimage to Makkah. Gujarati and Bengali and Austronesian languages such as Malay and Indonesian. into Uyghur as Qurban Heyit. Lebaran Haji). Malayalam Waliya Perunnal. It happens to be approximately 70 days after the end of the month of Ramadan. Other languages combined the Arabic word qurbān with local terms for "festival".

Ismael struck his foot on the ground and this caused a spring of water to gush forth from the earth. Ibrahim replied :"Allah". as cows and goats are among the traditionally-sacrificed animals. she said: "than Allah will not forget us.In Hindi. the festival is also called ‫ بقرعيد‬Baqra Īd or Baqrī Īd. Other local names include 古古古 Zǎishēng Jié ("Slaughter-livestock Festival") in Chinese. Tfaska Tamoqqart in the Berber language of Jerba. . as his first wife Sarah started to get jealous after Hagar got her baby. and Ciidwayneey in Somali. you can go". Babbar Sallah in Nigerian languages. Finally she collapsed beside her baby Ismael and prayed to Allah for deliverance. Tabaski or Tobaski in West African languages . After a while the Prophet Ibrahim returned from Palestine to check on his family and he was amazed to see them running a profitable well. In her desperation Hagar ran up and down two hills called Safa and Marwa trying to see if she could spot any help in the distance. such as Tamil Bakr Eid Peru Nāl. stemming either from the Arabic baqarah "heifer" or the Urdu word baqrī for "goat".and Urdu-speaking areas. Now they had a secure water supply they were able to trade water with passing nomads for food and supplies. However the supplies quickly ran out and within a few days Hagar and Ismael were suffering from hunger and dehydration. History [3] Four thousand years ago the valley of Mecca was a dry and uninhabited place. With some supplies of food and water he left them without wanting. Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) was instructed to bring his wife Hagar (Hajira) and their child Ismael to Arabia from Palestine by Allah's command. That term was also borrowed into other languages. Hagar and Ismael were saved. his wife Hagar asked him: "Who ordered you to leave us here".

. the well of Zam Zam.[citation needed] the meat is divided into three shares. Muslims who can afford to do so sacrifice their best domestic animals (usually sheep. but also camels. Generally. have to meet certain age and quality standards or else the animal is considered an unacceptable sacrifice. In the year 628 the Prophet Muhammad set out on a journey with 1400 of his followers. God's name is recited along with the offering statement and a supplication as Muhammad said. This was the first pilgrimage in Islam. Traditions and practices Men.which was to be the gathering place for all who wished to strengthen their faith in Allah. one share for the relatives and neighbors and the last to keep to oneself. called uḍiyyah (Arabic: ‫أحضحية‬. women. After many centuries. The regular charitable practices of the Muslim community are demonstrated during Eid alAdha by the concerted effort to see that no impoverished person is left without sacrificial food during these days. and children are expected to dress in their finest clothing to perform Eid prayer (ṣalātu l-`Īdi) in any mosque. At the time of sacrifice. A large portion of the meat must be given towards the poor and hungry people so they can all join in the feast which is held on Eid al-Adha. and would re-establish the religious traditions of the Prophet Ibrahim. one share for the poor. As the years passed Ismael was blessed with Prophethood and he gave the nomads of the desert the message of surrender to Allah. The remainder is cooked for the family celebration meal in which relatives and friends are invited to share. these must be at least a year old. The sacrificed animals.The Prophet Ibrahim was told by Allah to build a shrine dedicated to him. Ibrahim and Ismael constructed a small stone structure – the Kaaba . also known as "al-qurbāni"). cows and goats) as a symbol of Ibrahim's sacrifice. Mecca became a thriving city thanks to its reliable water source. According to the Quran.

Distribution of meat of a traditionally sacrificed animal to the poor all over the world Eid al-Adha in the Gregorian calendar See also: Islamic calendar While Eid al-Adha is always on the same day of the Islamic calendar. The following list shows the official dates of Eid al-Adha for Saudi Arabia as announced by the Supreme Judicial Council.) In some countries families that do not own livestock can make a contribution to a charity that will provide meat to those who are in need. the date on the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar and the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar. Future dates are calculated according to the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia. (See Takbir in "Traditions and practices" of Eid elFitr. as well as chanting Takbir out loud before the Eid prayer on the first day and after prayers through out the four days of Eid. The three days after the listed date are also part of the festival. The Lunar calendar is approximately eleven days shorter than the Solar calendar. Eid al-Adha (like other Islamic holidays) falls on one of two different Gregorian dates in different parts of the world.[4] Each year. The .Distributing meat among people is considered an essential part of the festival during this period. due to the fact that the boundary of crescent visibility is different from the International date line.

in case of deviant lunar sighting in Saudi Arabia for the start of the month Dhul Hijja. Future dates of Eid al-Adha might face correction 10 days before the festivity. Ishmael is considered the forefather of the Arabs. It concludes the Pilgrimmage to Mecca.time before the listed date the pilgrims visit the Mount Arafat and descend from it after sunrise of the listed day. Eid al-Adha lasts for three days and commemorates Ibraham's (Abraham) willingness to obey God by sacrificing his son. Muslims believe the son to be Ishmael rather than Isaac as told in the Old Testament. The feast re-enacts Ibrahim's obedience by sacrificing a cow or ram. The family eats about a third of the meal and donates the rest to the poor. Eid al-Adha or Feast of Sacrifice is the most important feast of the Muslim calendar. . According to the Koran. Ibrahim was about to sacrifice his son when a voice from heaven stopped him and allowed him to sacrifice a ram instead.