Is s ue 8 J anuary 2007 |Blnde rArt M agazine e

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ED IT RIA L O

Go t al os t any CG s it on t e w e b o m e h and you w il f l ind t e m . Cars ; h h undre ds of CG cars can be f ound in e v ry s h ape , s ize and col . L te e or it l cars , big cars , f ancy cars , s port cars , s t oon cars , radicalde s igns and e v n e e conom ical cars ; t ey h are e v ryw h e re . Cars h av l e e ong be e n a popul s ubj ct f m ode lrs . Th e y ar e or e t e gre at s k il and l ak l ook am azing w h e n done righ t Y . ou coul s pe nd d h ours t e ak ing e v ryt ing f w e h rom ch rom e de t s t t e t ads on t e ail o h re h t s . And a gre at m any m ode lrs do ire e e xacty t at l h . Many m ode lrs not onl m ode lf e y rom bl print or re f re nce ph ot , but ue s e os act l de s ign t e ir ow n cars . It s ual y h ’ CG;t e y can add or de lt any part h e e t e y ch oos e . Col can be ch ange d h ors at w il D if e re nt s e t ings can be l . f t cre at d t e o s h ow cas e t e ir ne w h de s ign. And w it t e adv h h ance s in re nde ring e ngine s , al t l oo of e n t e t h re s ul t ing im age s can be / are m is t e n ak f act or ualph ot of re alcars . Many os car m anuf ure rs t e adv age of act ak ant t is and prov h ide us w it e xce l nt h l e adv rt e m e nt t e is s oo. W oul t it be gre at if you coul dn’ d act l buil your conce pt car? But ual y d

t at is j t w is h f t ink ing … or is it h us ul h ? Marin Myf iu s h ow s h ow h e buil a t t prot ype of a conce pt de s ign car ot us ing Blnde r in com binat e ion w it h ot e r t ch niq ue s . h e Al in t is is s ue w e cov r t s , rim s so h e ire and a l pol car in a s im pl driv ow y e ing gam e . Gaurav is going t t e us o ak t rough h s om e 'approach e s in m ode l a car body' v t e Nis s an ing ia h 350z m ode l And as an adde d t at . re Cl Kuh ne n s h ow s us h ow t cre at aas o e h is am azing brus h e d m e t t xt s ; al e ure us e f f car int riors as w e l as f ul or e l or j w e l and a h os t of ot e r m e t e ry h al ne e ds . So re v up your blnde r e ngine and e lt s ge t t is part s t e d! e ’ h y art H appy Blnde ring e s andra@ blnde rart e .org

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CO NT S ENT

ED ITO R/ ESIGNER D Gaurav Naw ani gaurav blnde rart @ e .org M ANAGING ED ITO R Sandra Gil rt be s andra@ blnde rart e .org W EBSITE Nam Ph am nam @ blnde rart e .org PRO O FER Ke rnon D il l on Ph il A. Ryal l ip s Ke v C. Braun in D e re k M ars h W RITERS Cl Eick e Kuh ne n aas Z s olSt f t e an M arin M yf iu t P o De l abl gado Th om as Baron Sandra Gil rt be Gaurav Naw ani CO PYRIGH T© 05-07 ‘Blnde rArt M agazine ’ e nde rart and e ,‘bl ’ blnde rArt l are copyrigh t of Gaurav e ogo Naw ani. ‘Izzy’ and ‘Izzy l are ogo’ copyrigh t Sandra Gil rt Alproduct be . l s and com pany nam e s f at d in t e e ure h publ ion are t icat rade m ark or re gis t re d e t rade m ark s of t e ir re s pe ct e ow ne rs . h iv COV ART ER Ph il ippe Roubal

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Blnde r Ne w s e
M ode l ing Modif r s t ie ack upgrade s . Ne w m odif rs : Edge s pl and D is pl ie it ace UVP e ct Scul m ode l roj , pt ing Mul s ol ion Me s h and Re t t i-Re ut opo F uid D ynam ics s upport l ing anim at d e O bj ct e s Mul e v l e dit t i-l e UV ing F ace D upl ors icat Anim at ion W al Cycl Modif rs k e ie P roxy O bj ct , f l e s or ocalcont rolov r e re f re nce d dat f e a rom L ibrarie s Re nde ring Re nde r f at s : Al a Mas k s , Node e ure ph Sh ade r s pe e dup, T ange nt s and Norm al Maps Irre gul Sh adow Buf e rs ar f Sh adow Buf e r, H al ay Av rage f f w e Re nde r Bak ing Re nde r P s e s as Com posit ing UVMap, Inde x Mas k and Z -Com bine De f ocus Mat e Node s t Mat e Node s , t orial t ut Im aging Mul aye r im age s , Se q ue nce im age s , t i-l fip book s l Ch e ck at t e Blnde r F Cont s t s it h e 1 e e f l t ye ars re s ul . Al ch e ck t e or as t s s o, h dis cus s ion t re ad in t e f h h orum s , f or updat d ne w s and t j t ge ne ral e o us l y dis cus s t e cont s t h e . Good l and ge t re ady t s t your uck o art blnde r e ngine s !!!!!!!! e F or f h e r updat s and curre nt urt e re las e l , go t e ogs o: h t p:/w w w .blnde r t / e .org/ s / ange s _ cm Ch s ince _2_42.771.0.h t l m

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Be nde r Re las e l e

2007 Be nde r F l 1

2006 h as com e and gone , bringing w it it a l h arge num be r of e xcit ing ch ange s and e v nt . I h ad pl e s anne d on doing a re v w of 2006, but b@ rt be at ie m e t it and did s uch a good j o ob, t e re is no point in doing it again. If h you m is s e d it you can ch e ck out h is , 2006 re v w ofBlnde r at ie e : (h t p:/w w w .blnde rnat t / e ion.com / 2006/ 1 2/ l ing-back -on-2006/ 31/ook ). Th e re las e of Blnde r 2.43 is on t e e e h h orizon. RC1 and RC2 h av al ady e re be e n re las e d f bug t s t e or e ing and t e h of icial re las e s h oul be f l ing f e d ol ow w it in a f w w e e k s . Th e re las e h as h e e q uit a f w ne w f at s t pl w it . e e e ure o ay h O f part ar int re s t t m e are t e icul e o h W al-Cycl Modif rs . k e ie Th e W al-Cycl Modif rs re pl k e ie ace t e h St ride bone al ing f l ow or an e as ie r se t up of w al cycls f us e in t e k e or h NL Addit A. ional an Act l y, ion Modif r ie al s you t us e a Curv P h t l ow o e at o de f orm t e m ot h ion of cont l rol ing bone s in t e arm at . F l ing is a h ure ol ow l t ofincl d ne w f at s : is ude e ure

Th e 2007 Blnde r F cont s t is h e re e 1 e again. Curt S is running t e cont s t is h e again t is ye ar and w ils oon h av t e h l e h of icial f cont s t s it up and re ady w it e e h alt e ruls and s pe cif ions f t e lh e icat or h im age s .

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Iz z y K now s
T op, Righ t and F , ront v w port us ing ie s V w| ie Back ground Im age . St p 3: Add a P ane , pos it e l ion it ne ar t e ce nt r-l . h e ine St p 4: Mirror t e P ane , s o you onl e h l y h av t m ode l aloft e car e o h f h . St p 5: Ext e rude t e e dge s of t e h h P ane and m ov v rt s around t l e e ice o m at ch t e prof e of t e car in t e h il h h Righ t v w . ie St p 5a: Mov v rt s around t e e e ice o m at t e prof e of t e car in t e T ch h il h h op v w. ie St p 5b: Mov v rt s around t e e e ice o m at ch t e prof e of t e car in t e h il h h F ront v w . ie St p 6: Re pe at St p 5 unt t e m ode l e e il h is f h e d. inis St p 7: Add s om e t xt s , w ork on e e ure l t igh ing, and do a re nde r . T m ak e it e as ie r t m ode l h e int rio o t e or, you can m ov t e roof s e ct e h ion t o anot e r pos it h ion or L r t m ak e it aye o e as ie r t s e e ins ide t e car o h . It is e as ie r t m ode lh e w h e e l e l ino t w l s s t ad oft e rying t cut t e m out l e r o h at . can m ode l 3-4 row s of v rt s cl e e ice os t oge t e r h .

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P ing y our car aint

At s om e point you w ilw ant t paint , l o your car;w h e t e r it is a t h oony car or a s upe r re al t one . It can be as com is ic pl e d or as s im pl as you w ant t icat e o m ak e it H e re are s om e re s ource s t . o h e l ge t you s t e d. p art A de m o car paint m at rial us ing e , node s , can be f ound h e re (pos t d by e " brok e n" h t p:/blnde rart t .org/or): t / e is s f um / h ow t re ad.ph p?=71232& h igh s h t l t igh =car+ paint H e h as al pos t d a v o t orial so e ide ut t at s h ow s you h ow t f e a l re d h o ak aye car paint m at rial e Sonix cre at d a l e ibrary of car paint / rom e / as s / ire s and m is c s ch gl t m at rial ne e de d f cars : e s or Blnde r 2.34 Car Mat rial ibrary Re e e L las e 1. e h t p:/w w w .f e -w e bs pace .biz/ onix/ t / re s

Int roduct ion

Mode l cars can be as e as y or as ing com pl e d as you w ant t m ak e it icat o . Y can de s ign your ow n car or m ode l ou e xis t ing cars . It is am azing h ow m uch inf orm at ion is av abl t h e l you ail e o p ge t your car m ode ld. In f , t e f e act h orum dat abas e at w w w .blnde re art t .org h as page s of l s t gre at is s ink o t , t orial and im age s of s om e ips ut s am azing cars .

H e re are a f w ge ne ral ips t e t o ge t you going.
Ge ne ral e ps t m ode l a car St o ing St p 1: Ge t bl print or cre at e ue s e s k e t e s ofyour de s ign conce pt ch . St p 2: Se t t e bl print up in t e e h ue s h

Se am s on car
Cars h av l s of s e am s and s m al e ot l gaps w h e re part f t s it oge t e r And h . s ince s ubs urf is ge ne ral us e d on car l y m ode l s e am s ge t s m oot e d aw ay. s, h T cre at s e am s , you can cre as e t e o e h t arge t d e dge s w it 'Sh if + E' or, you e h t

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al ong w it out m uch dif icul h f t y.

L P y Car ow ol

As w it a gre at m any m ode l, w e h s are going t s t o art w it a pl . W e h ane w ilm ode l h al of t e car and t e n l 1 f h h m irror t e ot e r s ide . h h 1.In s ide v w , add t e car re f re nce ie h e im age V w > Back ground Im age > ie L oad (l oad s uppl d re f re nce im age ie e “Car”) 2.Th e n add a Pl ; Space bar> ane Add> Pl , de lt albut 1 v rt . ane e e l e ice 3.W e are t rying t m ak e as f w o e f s as pos s ibl s o onl add as ace e y m any v rt s as ne e de d. Se lct t e e ice e h re m aining v rt e ice and Cont rolL B M t cre at an out ine of t e car Th e n o e l h . cre at f s t f l your out ine by e ace o ilin l s e lct e ing 4 v rt s and h it ing “F e ice t k e y”. (F 1) ig 4.In t v w , s e lct al t e v rt s op ie e lh e ice and e xt rude (E k e y) 2 t e s . (F 2) im ig 5.Se lct t e out r row of v rt s e h e e ice and h it Sm oot a f w t e s . (F 3)) h e im ig 6.Add a M irror m odif r, you m ay ie h av t cycl t rough t e X,Y,Z axis e o e h h but ons t ge t it t m irror on t e cort o o h re ct axis , alo m ak e s ure your piv s ot point (lt e circl/ it l e dot in ce nt r of e m ode l is pos it ) ione d on t e ce nt r h e l . And s e lct “D o cl ine e ipping” t ge t o a clan j e oin be t e e n t e 2 h ale s . w h v O k ay, t e re it is . O ne l pol s port h ow y s

L v lBe gine r t Int rm e diat e e : o e e

Int roduct ion
L ow pol cars can be a l of f y ot un; bot t m ak e and t pl w it . Y h o o ay h ou can m ak e t e m as f h ancy or as s im pl as you w ant I’ e . m going t o s h ow you h ow t m ak e a s im pl l o e ow pol car and t e n w e are going t cre y h o at a gam e lt (gam e lt = m ore e e e t an a de m o, not q uit a f l ldge d h e ulfe gam e ) s o w e can pl w it our car ay h . I us e d Blnde r 2.43 RC1 during t e e h w rit ing of t is t orial Th e re f h ut . ore it s h oul be com pat e w it Blnde r d ibl h e 2.43 w h e n it re las e s . It s h oul alo e d s be com pat e w it 2.42 as w e are ibl h not going t us e a l of gam e f ao ot e t s t s e t t is up. Th is is an int rure o h e m e diat e lv l t orial al ough e e ut t h be ginne rs s h oul be abl t f l d e o ol ow

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car Now w e ne e d t add s om e . o w h e e l. Th e y don’ ne e d t be f s t o ancy as t e y w on’ be re al s e e n in our h t l y gam e lt So I j t us e d a s cald e . us e t ube f e ach w h e e l or and j oine d it t o t e body. Th e re as on I us e d a t h ube w as t at I w ant d t cl e onl one h e o os y e nd and cre at a s im pl rim f e e or

m e m ory re q uire m e nt s dow n. Re m e m be r t v w your m ode l in o ie P at m ode (Al + Z ) t s e e your ot o t o v rt x paint e e . 1.H it “V k e y” f V rt x paint and “F or e e k e y” f UV F or / ace m ode . M os t l e l ik y your car t urne d com plt l bl . e e y ack Th at s ok ;w e w ilf it in a m om e nt ’ lix .

paint ing. Se e f 4 ig Ne xt D upl e your t icat ire (Sh if + D ) t and pl ace bot t s in t e ir w h e e l h ire h w e l . Se lct bot t s and t e car l s e h ire h and J oin (Cont rol+ J Se e f 5. I ). ig h av n’ appl d (m ade f e t ie inal t e ) h M irror m odif r ye t be caus e I w ant ie t v rt x paint t e car and I w ant o e e h bot s ide s t be t e s am e . h o h

2.Se lct alt e f s of t e car (but e lh ace h not t e t s ) and in t e P h ire h aint P ane l in t e Edit but ons w indow , s e t your h t paint col . I ch os e re d. H it t e “Se t or h V rt Col in t e T xt e or” h e ure F ace pane l t appl your col t t e car body. o y or o h Se e f 6. ig 3.I’ going t cre at s om e s h adow s m o e and h igh l t us ing v rt x paint igh s e e , ot e r w is e if you pre s s “P” t s t h o art t e gam e e ngine you w il not h l ice t at your car h as no re alde f ion h init and l s rat e r ugl ook h y. 4.Se t your Brus h s ize dow n t o around 10-12 and opacit t 0.200. y o Ch oos e a col dark e r t an you or h ch os e f or your car body. St art paint ing around t e e dge s t giv it h o e de f ion. Th is is w h at I cam e up init w it . Not be aut ul but it s a s t . h if , ’ art Se e f 7. Not ig ice I alo paint d a s e lt e bl on t e bl it l ue h ack t s and ire m ade t e h ub of t e w h e e la l t h h igh grayis h col . Y coul alo add or ou d s

P aint t e Car ing h

At t is point you can go of and h f appl a f y ancy UV m ap t your car or o appl s im pl v rt x paint Th e y e e e . ch oice is yours . F t is t orial I or h ut , de cide d t us e v rt x paint t k e e p o e e o

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w indow s and paint t e m a v ry l t h e igh bl col . Se e f 8. ue or ig W e lour car is f h e d at t is point l inis h . Now go ah e ad and appl t e M irror y h M odif r and m ak e your car al one ie l pie ce . Ne xt w e w il be m ak ing a l s im pl e nv e ironm e nt t driv around o e in. but on”. Se e f 11. t ig Now you h av your bas ic t e rack , but it is a lt e boring. I’ going t add it l m o a f w h il and v lys us ing t e e l s al e h P roport ionale dit t ool(O ). Y ou h av e s e v ral oice s of “f l f t ch oos e e ch al ” o of f rom , and I’ l lav it t you t l e e o o de cide w h ich one you w ant In f . act m ix and m at ch t e m f dif e re nt h or f e f e ct . Se e f 12. f s ig

D riv t rough t e Count e h h ry

W e are going t m ak e a driv o ing cours e t rough t e count f our h h ry or car t driv around in. o e 1.Go t l r 2 o aye 2.In T op v w , Space bar> Add> Grid ie (de f t of 32 x 32 is f ) aul ine 3.In Edit m ode , t oggl t e F e h ace s e lct e ion but on and cre at a t t e rack f your car Se e f 9 . or . ig 4.In Side v w , Ext ie rude your t rack dow n a lt e . Se e f 10. it l ig 5.Sw it back t O bj ct m ode (T ch o e ab), t e n go int UV F h o / ace M ode (F) and V rt x P e e aint (V )

6.Se t your paint col t a m uddy or o brow n and pre s s t e “Se t V rt Col h e or but on”, T back t Edit m ode and t ab o us e t e “Se lct Sw ap but on” in t e h e t h M e s h t s 1 pane lt inv rt your ool o e s e lct e ion. T back t UV F ab o / ace m ode and s e t your paint col t a nice or o gre e n and pre s s t e “Se t V rt Col h e or

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1.F e as e in s e lct or e ing w h e re I w ant m y h il , I s e lct d t e f s I l s e e h ace w ant d in UV F e / ace s e lct m ode (s o I e coul s e e w h e re t e y w e re in d h re l ion t t e t at o h rack , you w il not l ice your v rt x col don’ s h ow up in e e ors t Edit m ode ). 2.Th e n T back t Edit M ode , w it ab o h P roport ionale dit ing on (O ) in s ide v w , grab t e f s (G) and m ov ie h ace e t e m up. Th e y l h ook a lt e t it l oo bl y t be re al h il , s o h it t e ock o l s h Sm oot but on a f w t e s , and h t e im t e n you m ay w ant t m ov t e m h o e h up a lt e bit m ore . Se e f 13. it l ig

brow n col . Se e f 14. (Y m igh t ors ig ou dis cov r w h e n you ge t your gam e lt e e s e t up t at your t rrain is a lt e t h e it l oo rough , t is can be h s ole d by v appl ying a Subs urf M odif r t ie o s m oot it out a lt e ) h it l

car s o t at it f s on t e t h it h rack . Af e r t you h av re s ize d it m ak e s ure t at e , h you h it “Cont rol A” t appl s cal + o y e and rot ion. It s a good ide a t at ’ o s e lct t e t e h rack / nv e ironm e nt and do t e s am e t ing. Se e f 15. h h ig

M ak ing a G am e lt e

O k ay, now w e h av a car and an e e nv ironm e nt f or t e car t driv h o e around in. It is t e t put t im o oge t e r h our lt e gam e lt s o w e can pl it l e ay w it it h . 3.Us ing t e s am e t ch niq ue , cre at h e e v lys by m ov al e ing dow n, not up. Alo, don’ be af s t raid t o s e lct e port ions of your t rack and m ov e t e m up or dow n alo. Y h s ou can alo s us e t e Se lct Random in t e f e h e > h il m e nus . Af e r pl t aying around, t is is h w h at I got I adde d s om e v rt x . e e paint t bre ak up t e fat gre e ns and o h l 1.T urn on l r 1 s o you can s e e aye your car Y w ilne e d t re s ize your . ou l o

2.Ne xt lt s pare nt t e cam e ra t e ’ h o t e car s o t at w e can s e e w h e re h h w e are going. (Se lct t e cam e ra e h 1s t t e n t e car and h it " , h h Cont rol + P" ) 3.W e are going t us e l o ogic brick s t o s e t up bas ic driv ing cont s f t e rol or h car W e w il onl be cre at . l y ing 4 cont s , t d t t e arrow k e ys on rol ie o h your k e yboard f nav or igat ion. Th at w il giv us f l e orw ard, lf and righ t e t t urns and t e abily t go in h it o re v rs e . e 4.Se lct your car; go t t e gam e e o h l ogic w indow (F4).

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5.T oggl t e “Act e h or” but on, a w h ol t e bunch ofne w but ons appe ar t 6.T oggl D ynam ic e 7.Y ou can lav t e re s t of t e e e h h s e t ings at de f t f now t aul or 8.T oggl “Bounds ” and ch oos e “Box” e as bounding t ype 9 .O nce you h av s e t t e bounding e h t ype , go back up t t e Act but ons o h or t and l ook f or t e one t at s ays h h " Radius " s e t it t f around your car , o it m ode lY don't w ant it t big or t . ou oo oo s m al Sw it t s ol or w ire v w t l . ch o id ie o s e e t e s ize of t e radius in re l ion h h at t your m ode l o . Now I am going t s h ow you h ow t o o s e t up t e 1s t cont , t e n you can h rol h s e t up t e re s t by l ing at f 16 or h ook ig ch e ck ing out t e incl d blnd f e . h ude e il 1.Y ou w il s e e 3 s e t of boxe s t t e l s o h righ t of t e h s cre e n (s e ns ors , cont lrs , and act ors ) rol e uat 2.T oggl t e “Add” box ne xt t t e 1s t e h o h one (s e ns or) 3.Cl on t e box t at s ays “Al ays ” ick h h w s croldow n t “Ke yboard” l o 4.Cl on t e box ne xt t “Ke y”, it ick h o w ilt e n s ay “P s s a Ke y”;pre s s t e lh re h up arrow on your k e yboard 5.T oggl t e “Add” box ne xt t t e e h o h 2nd one (Cont lr) rol e 6.T oggl t e “Add” box ne xt t t e e h o h 3rd one (Act or) uat 7.In t e m iddl col n of “dL h e um oc” t ype (0.25)

righ t 4. Th uds as you h it t e ground h 5. Add m ov ing obj ct (i.e . cow s , e s pigs , t blw e e ds ) um e 6. Add ram ps or obs t e s w it or acl h w it out w at r t h e raps 7. Add f l obj ct t av al ing e s o oid 8. Add buil dings / e re d bridge s cov 9 . Add l e s in s om e of t e ak h de pre s s ions / al ys v l e 10. D rop a f w l pol t e s in e ow y re 11. Surround t e t h rack / grid w it h w at r (t e urning it int an is l o and) 12. Add a s k y 8.Cl on t e lte bal ne xt t t e ick h it l l o h Se ns or col n and drag it t t e um o h Cont lr col n and t e n f rol e um h rom t e h Cont lr col n t t e Act or rol e um o h uat col n. um Y h av now conne ct d l ou e e ogic brick s t cre at your f t cont . In e f e ct o e irs rol f you h av t d t e gam e e ngine t at e ol h h you w ant t e car t go f ard (or h o orw m ov al e ong t e Y axis ) anyt e you h im pre s s t e up arrow k e y. Th at s pre t y h ’ t m uch al t e re is t it P s s “P” t lh o . re o pl your gam e lt ay e . H e re are a f w s ugge s t e ions t o im prov your gam e ; e 1. Add s ound 2. Engine re v ing w h e n you pus h t e v h up arrow . 3. Tire s t urning w h e n going lf or e t Y ou can f ind gre at t ips on im prov ing t e gam e e nv h ironm e nt in Is s ue # 7, “Cre at ing a Re al t Env is ic ironm e nt f or BGE” by J n Al (pl pe rs on). oh l ie ant F h e r gam e e ngine re s ource s : urt h t p:/ m e diaw ik i.blnde r t / e .org/ inde x.p h p/ Gam e _Engine h t p:/ w w w .cont t / inuous ph ys ics .com / Bul t l/ e h t p:/ blnde rart t .org/ orum / oru t / e is s f f m dis pl ay.ph p?=12 f

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h av us e d, s t lI as s um e t at you e il h are f y f il w it blnde r and airl am iar h e k now your w ay around.

L t G e tS t e d e s art
O nce you h av de cide d on your e de s ign and you k now h ow m any s pok e s your rim is going t h av , o e t e n w e be gin l h aying out t e h f oundat ion. F t is t orialw e are or h ut going t m ode l f e (5) s pok e rim . o a iv So in orde r f m e t be abl t l e r or o e o at corre ct y at ach m y s pok e s , I h av l t e t cre at a bas e w h os e v rt s o e e ice al ign pe rf ct y w it t os e of t e e l h h h s pok e s . So t do t at I f o h ind a l num be r ow t at can be e q ual div d by t e h l y ide h num be r of s pok e s t at I am going t h o de s ign, w h ich in t is cas e is 5, but h h igh e nough t al us t giv t e o l ow o e h rim nice de t s and pl s a v rt x ail ace e e de ad ce nt r of m y s pok e . So I ch os e e 25. Cre at a circl by cl ing t e e e ick h righ t m ous e but on and s e lct t e ing “add> > m e s h > > circl” and rot e e at t e circl s o t at one of t e v rt xe s h e h h e e is al d w it t e y-axis . Y igne h h our w ork s h oul re s e m bl F 1. d e ig F rom t e s ide v w s e lct t e t h ie e h op v rt s us ing t e box s e lct e ice h e ion t . ool Now pre s s “E” t e xt o rude , but do not m ov t e e xt ion. Sim pl h it e h rus y

e nt r t lav it in pl . Th e n f e o e e ace rom t e t v w , pre s s S t s cal dow n h op ie o e t e e xt h rude d v rt s unt you h av e ice il e an im age t at re s e m bls im age h e num be r 2.

L v lBe ginne r t Int rm e diat e e : o e e

Int roduct ion

H av n’ you e v r l e d at your car e t e ook and h ad an ide a f a s e t of rim s or t at w oul t h d urn h e ads ? M aybe you h av gone as f as s k e t ing t e m e ar ch h out on a pie ce of pape r W e l now . l , you are going t larn h ow t bring o e o t at ide a t le ! W e l al os t In t is h o if l m . h t orial I w il t ach you a s im pl ut l e e t ch niq ue t at you can us e t m ode l e h o your v ry ow n rim s . e I h av t d m y be s t t prov e rie o ide t ool nam e and k e y com binat ions t at I h

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pol ygons t w ork w it w h e n w e o h be gin t de v l our s pok e s and l o e op ip. F rom t e s ide v w s e lct t e l h ie e h ine t at runs around t e t h h ube and m ov e it up cl e t t e t os o h op. Se e F 5. ig

v ue 3. Y al our w ork s h oul re s e m bl d e F 7. ig

Se lct t e e nt e h ire obj ct and pre s s E e t e xt o rude again and h it e nt r e w it out m ov h ing your s e lct e ion. F rom t e s ide -v w m ov t e e xt h ie e h rude d v rt s dow n a bit unt t e t e ice il h ube you are cre at ing is t e s ize of a rim . h Se e F 3 and 4. ig Se lct t e e nt obj ct and cl t e e h ire e ick h s ubdiv ide but on f t rom t e M e s h h T . Th is is s o w e h av m ore ool e

Se lct t e e nt e h ire e dge of t e inne r h t ube at t e t h op by s e lct e ing one e dge and pre s s ing “Crt + E” and l s e lct e ing “Edge L oop Se lct f e ” rom t e m e nu. Now f h rom t e s ide v w h ie bring it dow n cl e t t e e dge t at os o h h w e e arl r m ov d up ne ar t e t ie e h op. P s s S t s cal t e e dge a bit s o re o e h t at it l s l e F 6. h ook ik ig Now w e are going t m ode l t e o h w al around t e rim w h e re t e t l s h h ire goe s . Se lct al t e f s al e lh ace ong t e h out ide of t e t s h ube . M ak e s ure you do not s e lct t e f s f e h ace rom t e h ins ide or you w il be in f s om e l or h e adach e s . Us e t e k nif t h e ool(Sh if t + K), s e lct m ul e t i-cut and e nt r t e e h

Se lct t e l t e dge of t e t , ne ar e h as h ire t e bot om of t e t h t h ube , and m ov it e cl e t t e bot om about t e s am e os o h t h as t e e dge w e m ov d t ard t e h e ow h t op. M ov t e ot e r t o e dge s w e e h h w cre at d and ce nt r t e m s o t at w e e e h h h av t o l e w arge row s running around t e rim , t e n s e lct al t e f s . h h e lh ace Se e F 8. ig

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F 10. F ig inal t e bas e of t e w h e e l l h y, h is com plt ! Now w e can s t e e art w ork ing on t e s pok e s . h

Scal dow n t os e f s s o t at it e h ace h cre at s a l ne ar t e t e ip h op and bot om of t e rim . Se e F 9 . t h ig

Th e re is one f inal de t ail t at w e h ne e d t do be f o ore w e be gin w ork on t e s pok e s of t e rim . Se lct al t e h h e lh f s of t e ins ide of t e rim t at ace h h h f l be l t e e dge w e h ad m ov d al s ow h e up. P s s S and s cal t e m dow n re e h j t a bit s o t at t e y m ak e t e us h h h ins ide w al s m al r Now us e t e l s l. e h Knif t e oolt m ak e a ne w e dge and o m ov it dow n s o t at it re s e m bls e h e

Ce nt r your curs or and add a pl . e ane M ov t e pl s o t at t e ce nt r of e h ain h h e t e pl is in t e bot om lf corne r h ane h t e t . O n t e m odif rs pane l h ie add a m irror and e nabl cl e ipping. P lt e t ul h op of t e pl h ane unt it e nt rs t e w al of il e h l s t e rim . Th e n s e lct t e pl h e h ane and m ov it t anot e r l r Se e F 11. e o h aye . ig Se lct Knif > > M ul e e t i-cut and e nt r e 5 and cut t e pl h ane h orizont l al y. M ov t e point t giv t e s h ape of e h s o e h t e s pok e . Se e F 12. h ig F rom t e s ide v w s e lct t e pl h ie e h ane and e xt rude it upw ards t giv t e o e h s pok e it t ick ne s s and appl t e s h y h

m irror so t at h it pe rm ane nt Se e F 13. . ig

be com e s

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H urray, w e h av our f t s pok e e irs f our m ore t go. W e can do t is t e o h h h ard w ay (By e ye bal l it or w e ing ) can do t is l e pros and do a lt e h ik it l m at . A circl h as 360 de gre e s and h e w e div ide t at by 5(t e num be r of h h s pok e s w e h av ), s o w e ge t 72. e W h ich m e ans w e are going t l o ay e ach s pok e at a 72 de gre e s angl e f rom e ach ot e r So pre s s t t e xit h . ab o e dit m ode and e nt r obj ct m ode . e e P s s “Sh if + D ” and pre s s e nt r It re t e . s e e m s l e not ing h appe ne d but ik h s om e t ing did, it cre at d a cl . h e one Now t e your h and of t e m ous e ak f h and pre s s “R”, t rot e , and us ing o at your num be r pad pre s s 7, 2 and h it e nt r If you not d t e cl e . ice h one is now v ibl t you and is l out 72 is e o aid de gre e s f rom t e f t one . Re pe at h irs t is s t p t re e m ore t e s s o t at h e h im h you h av f e s pok e s . Se e F 14. e iv ig L t go back t t e f t l r and e s o h irs aye st art cre at ing t e ce nt r of t e rim . h e h Cre at a cyl r and s cal it dow n e inde e s o t at it l s l e F 15. h ook ik ig

bot om . O n t e proport t h ional drop dow n m e nu, w h ich is t e one t at h h l s l e a donut s e lct conne ct d ook ik , e e and on t e f lof m e nu, w h ich is h al f t e drop dow n righ t ne xt t it s e lct h o , e “Sph e re F l f F al .” rom t e s ide v w of h ie us e t e arrow m anipul or t pul h at o l t e t o v rt s dow n unt you h w e ice il cre at a concav s h ape . Se e F 16. e e ig

Go back t t e s e cond l r, w h e re o h aye you h av t e prim it e s f e h iv or t e h s pok e s . Se lct t e bot om e h t f our cube s on e ach s pok e and de lt t e e e h f s . M ov ace e t e ce nt r of t e h e h s pok e s f rom t e f t l r t t e h irs aye o h s e cond, w h e re your s pok e s re s ide . Se e F 17. ig Se lct t e v rt x in t e ce nt r bot e h e e h e h f rom t e t of t e cyl r and t e h op h inde h

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Th is ne xt part is a bit t dious but e j t as f us un. Se lct bot t e cyl r e h h inde (Rim Ce nt r) and t e s pok e s and e h pre s s and “CTRL + J t m e rge bot ” o h obj ct t e s oge t e r Now be gin t h . o m e rge e ach v rt x on t e s pok e s e e h w it t e corre s ponding v rt x on h h e e t e cyl r s o t at t e re s ul h inde h h t ing im age l s l e F 18. ook ik ig

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your 3D -Curs or at t e ce nt r of t e h e h s cre e n (x=0, y=0, z=0) and ch ange t e piv point t 3D curs or P s s h ot o . re t t e xit e dit m ode and s e lct t e ab o e h rod w e j t cre at d and dupl e it us e icat by pre s s ing “CTRL + D ” and pre s s e nt r P s s “R” and e nt r 72 on e . re e your num be r k e ypad. Th is s h oul d h av m ov d t e cl e e h one rod t t e o h e xact l ion as t e f t but on t e ocat h irs h s e cond s pok e . D o t is t re e m ore h h t e unt you h av 5 rods . (Not : im il e e re m e m be r t ch ange t e piv point o h ot back t it norm als t e or you w il o s at l ge t f t e d l e r Se e F 19 . rus rat at .) ig

t t e s ide . Se lct t e pre v o h e h ious t o w obj ct t at you h ad and de lt e s h e e t e m , and ce nt r your ne w s pok e s h e w it h ols . h e W e are al os t com plt , s o h ang in m e e t e re . M ov h e t e ne w l cre at d h y e obj ct t t e f t l r M ov t e e o h irs aye . e h s pok e s t ard t e t ow h op of t e rim . h Now t at t e y are in pl h h ace s e lct e bot t e rim bas e and t e s pok e s h h h and pre s s “CTRL + J t j ” o oin t e t h o m e s h e s int one obj ct Be gin t o e . o m e rge e ach v rt x on t e s pok e s e e h w it t e corre s ponding v rt x on h h e e t e rim bas e ne ar t e bot om of t e h h t h l Se e F 20. ip. ig

Now t at w e h av t e s h ape of t e h e h h s pok e s , w e h av t cre at t e h ols e o e h e w h e re t e bol go. Cre at anot e r h t s e h cyl r and s cal it dow n s o t at it inde e h l s le a l ook ik ong rod w it t e h h t ick ne s s of t e h ols w e w ant t h h e o cre at . Pl e ace it ne ar t e t h op s pok e and ce nt r it on t e y-axis and s o it e h t e rs e s t e s pok e s ce nt r Pl rav h e . ace

Ne xt P s s “W ”, w h ich brings up t e re h Boolan T s M e nu, and s e lct e ool e “dif e re nce ” f f rom t e m e nu. Th is h w il cre at l e an obj ct t at is e h com pos e d of al t e m e s h e s t at do lh h not int rs e ct P s s “G” t grab your e . re o ne w l cre at d obj ct and m ov it of y e e e f

Al t at is lf is t add de t lh e t o ails o I add a s ubs urf ace m odif r and us e ie “SH IF + E” t m ak e ce rt T o ain e dge s around t e l of t e rim and t e h ip h h e dge s of t e s pok e s are s h arpe r h . Se e F 21. ig

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T xt , P it e ure os ion and Re nde r t your o h e art cont nt !!! Enj !!! s e oy

Pab l o De l gado

P o is 25 ye ars ol f abl d rom P rt Rico ue o curre nt y l ing in M iam i, FL H e w ork s l iv . as a s of w are e ngine e r and doe s part t t e 3D w ork f cus t e rs us ing im or om Blnde r and L t av . e igh w e w w w .pde l gado.com pabl l ode gado@ be l out .ne t l h s

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500* 0), W e cal at t e h e igh t of 19 cul e h t e im age (a part of t e t t ad) h h ire re t 205* 0/ o 19 500 = 77.9 m m As t e diam e t r of t e t is h e h ire 526.65m m , it pe rim e t r is s e 3.14159 265 *526.65 = 1654.52. So, on our t t ad, w e can put N ire re t e s t e s k e t im age w it N = im h ch h 1654.52/ 77.9 = 21.239 . Be caus e t e im age can be t e d, w e h il ne e d t round of t e f o f h ract ional num be r (21.239 ) t a w h ol num be r o e . So w e cal at out t at t e t cul e h h ire t ad s k e t w e h av w ilf 21 re ch e lit t e s around t e t . im h ire Cre at a 21-e dge circl and e xt e e rude it t h av one f o e ace f t it ing w e l ov r l e t e s k e t . Ne xt w e ’ l m ode l j t h ch , l us one e lm e nt (1/ e 21 of t e f lt ). h ul ire and t e n m ul y it 21 t e s , m e rge h t ipl im it and v a! , oil As t e h Blnde r de f t Circl's e aul e radius is 1.414 (s q uare root of 2), s ize it by 0.707 (1/ 1.414) t h av a o e radius of 1.0. Th e n, s ize it by 0.526/ = 0.263 (t 2 ire radius in m e t rs ) and m ov alv rt s up by e e l e ice 0.263 (t e radius ). h It s O K t at t e bot om e dge is not ’ h h t on Z =0. W e ’ l e e w h y, l e r ls at . D upl e icat t is h bot om t e dge ; s e parat t e dupl e d v rt s t e h icat e ice o h av e anot e r obj ct Ext h e . rude it al ong t e Y-axis by 0.205 (t e w idt h h h of our t ). Y ire ou now h av a Pl e ane and a Circl l e t e s e : e ik h

17

L v lInt rm e diat e e : e e

Int roduct ion

In t is t orial w ilt e you t rough h ut I l ak h t e s t ps t m ode l h e t s l e t e h e o t ire ik h one I h ad e arl r m ade f an Al ie or f a Rom e o GT m ode l .

W h aty ou w ilne e d l

A sk e t ch of t e t , l e t is one h ire ik h (PIREL I P6000). F t e dim e ns ions L or h of t e t , lt s us e a 205×60r16. h ire e ’

O v rv w e ie

S t p1. S ce ne s e t e up
O pe n Blnde r Eras e al e lm e nt of e . l e s t e de f t s ce ne . h aul In t e Righ t v w (NUM P h ie AD 3), add a Circl m e s h of 21 v rt s . Rot e it e e ice at t h av one of t e bot om e dge s o e h t pe rf ct y h orizont (t e l al ip: al ign t op, oppos it v rt x w it t e Z -axis . e e e h h

W e w il bul t e dim e ns ions of t e l d h h t ire f rom t e im age w e h av s o lt h e e s cal at t at cul e h : Th e w idt of t e im age = 205m m . h h Th e e xt rnal e diam e t r of t e t e h ire 16inch + 2 *60m m = 16* 25.41+ 2* = 526.56m m 60 F rom t e im age s ize (in pixe l: h s

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Y ou can ch e ck t at your w ork is O K h by dis pl aying e dge s lngt : you e h s h oul h av 0.205* d e 0.078 f or t e h pl . O ne m ore s t p and you’ ane e re done : dupl e t e Pl , ch ange icat h ane one t o dis pl ay onl as y W ire (D raw t ype in O bj ct pane l F7) and e , t e n, s e lct t e ot e r one . Sw it t h e h h ch o UV F ace Se lct m ode , go t t e e o h UV Im age Edit and l / or oad t e s k e t h ch im age . Re t urn t 3D v w and o ie O bj ct m ode . Act at t e T xt d e iv e h e ure draw t ype (Al Z KEY), you ge t t e t + h f l ing: ol ow cut and t e Y-axis (axialcut So, ) h ). you can s ubdiv ide t e Pl h ane one t e . But be f im ore you do, care f l ul y re ad t e f l ing. h ol ow W h e n s plt it ing your e dge al ong t e h Y-axis , no problm . But w h e n e s plt it ing al ong t e X-axis , re m e m be r h you’ not w ork ing on a Pl re ane but a s e ct ion of a cyl r inde . Th at s w h y t e bot om e dge of t e ’ h t h circl is e not at Z =0. L ts e ’ e xpe rim e nt t ge t a cl . If you'v o ue e al ady s ubdiv d t e pl , plas e re ide h ane e undo it Th e n cut t e f . h ace (CTRL + RKEY) at pe rce nt age 1.00. D on’ t s e lct de s e lct anyt ing t k e e p t e e / e h o h ne w v rt s s e lct d. e ice e e Th e n, rot e care f l t e s e v rt s at ul h y e ice around t e Y-axis (RKEY t e n YKEY) h h t ge t t e m at X=0 (as s e e n f o h rom te T h op or Righ t v w ) And in t e ie h Righ t v w (NUM P ie AD 3), you can now ch e ck t at t e s e v rt s are h h e ice al os t at Z =0. m Re m e m be r t is m ov : w h e n cut ing h e t al ong t e X-axis , do not m ov e dge h e v rt s al e ice ong t e X-axis , but rot e h at t e m around t e Y-axis , t m ov h h o e t e m around a pe rf ct circl. h e e J t a lt e not : you h av t m ov us it l e e o e t e Pl , t xt d w it t e s k e t , h ane e ure h h ch As you can s e e , cut in t e pl s h ane are m appe d on t re ad de t s , but h ail not on t e curv d de t s . h e ail dow nw ard t ge t t e adde d v rt s o h e ice abov it (s o t e y’ s t l is ibl). e h re ilv e Now you can cont inue w it h m ode l ing. Re m ov 3/ of t e pl e 4 h ane as s aid abov , and cut t e pl e h ane according t e ach de t o ailv ibl on is e te h t re ad. h Y ou s h oul d ge t s om e t ing l e t e im age be l . h ik h ow

18

Th e s k e t ch is dis pl d corre ct y, aye l w it out any dis t ion: t e f w m at h ort h e h cal at cul ions w e did be f ore s t ing art Blnde r w e re not us e ls s . e e

S t p2. M ode l in part e ing s
Se lct t e Pl e h ane t at w e s e t t h o dis pl as W ire . W e ’ lw ork on it t ay l o m ode la s ub-part of t e t h ire t re ad. h F t us e s ym m e t t s av yours e l irs , ry o e f s om e w ork . Th e s k e t w e h av can ch e be s pl al it ong bot t e X-axis (radial h h

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T s ole it j t rot e t e m around o v , us at h t e Y-axis . Th is t e round de t s h im ail are corre ct . e dge s in dark are as , t m at rial o e ize t e h ol s of t e t ad. Y h l ow h re ou s h oul d obt ain t is : h (re m e m be r, w e w il dupl e l icat part 2* 21 = 84 t e s !!!). 2* im t is h

19

As you can s e e in t e Righ t v w , h ie te t h ire e lm e nt is not a Pl e ane but w arpe d around a circl. e

Th is is w h y it s s o im port ’ ant t o rot e v rt s around t e Y-axis at e ice h ins t ad of t e rans l ing t e m al at h ong t e X-axis . Now , w e w il cut t e h l h

It s im port ’ ant t k e e p t e e dge s o h circl t e dark are as ! W e w il s e e ing h l w h y l e r Now it s t e t opt ize at . ’ im o im our m e s h a bit W e h av t re m ov . e o e al unne e de d v rt s and e dge s in l e ice w h it zone s and on borde rs . D oing e t is w il al h l l us t s av a l of ow o e ot pol ys on te h com plt d e e t ire

Th e v rt x count goe s f e e rom 144 t o 78 and, t e f h ace count goe s f rom 53 t 22. o

S t p3. A dding s om e t ick ne s s . e h
Tim e t m ode l h e h ol s ! F o t l ow rom t e h pre v ious s t p, s e lct alv rt s e e l e ice

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S t p4. Com plt t e t e e ing h ire
SpinD up t e e lm e nt you pat nt y h e ie l m ode ld (1 t e urn, 360?of cours e , 42 s t ps : e be caus e we ne e d 21 e lm e nt and t e m e s h w e h av is e s h e onl a h al O nce SpinD up is done , y f ). you m ay obs e rv e your borde r v rt s e ice are not pe rf ct y e l dupl e d. So, s e lct al v rt s , icat e l e ice and Re m ov D oubls (s e t t re s h ol e e h d t 0.001). o t 's ce nt r, in t e m iddl pl ire e h e ane of it D upl e t e h al t , don’ ) icat h f ire t m ov it but rot e it 180 de gre e s in e , at te h T op v w (around t e ie h 3D Curs or). Rot e around t e Y-axis t at h o al ign t e m iddl v rt s t t e h e e ice o h one s of t e ot e r h al t . M e rge , h h f ire and you’ done ! re

20

I adv e you t us e t is m e s h w it is o h h Aut oSm oot on, t h av s ol t re ad h o e id h de t s as w e l a s m oot s ide . H e re ail l h are s om e Y ray re nde rs w it a rim af h (bl ack t ire m at rial court s y of e e Sonix's Car M at rial ibrary). e L Th om as Baron is a s of w are e ngine e r t f t e ae ronaut or h ical indus t in ry F rance . Af e r dis cov ring Blnde r in t e e 19 9 9 h e h as be e n a s e rious am at ur e us e r f t o ye ars . A car e nt us ias t or w h w h o alo l e s t w ork on pl s . s ik o ane

Y ou now ne e d t m irror t e t . o h ire Se lct t e row of v rt s at t e e h e ice h m iddl of t e t , and m ov t e 3D e h ire e h Curs or t s e lct o e ion (t h av it at t e o e h

Th om as Baron

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nicalm ark e t ing, not s s om e of t e e h de s ign s ol ions s e lct d by t is ut e e h ye ar's e igh t e m be r j -m ury - an e xpe rt pane lof re now ne d de s igne rs , t rans port ion indus t at ry e ducat ors and s af t e xpe rt - addre s s e d be e y s ing " doore d." " e xV conce pt f Th rom M arin M yf iu t of Al bania f at s a l ing s ys t m e ure ock e t at pre v nt a door f h e s rom be ing ope ne d f a f w s e conds af e r t e or e t h v h icl is t e e urne d of w h e n an obj ct f e approach e s w it in t e door's s pan" h h . Th is t orialcov rs h ow M arin M yf ut e t m ode ld/ at d h is e nt iu e cre e ry.

21

D uring t is t orial I w ile xpl t e h ut , l ain h w h ol proce s s I h av f l e d f e e ol ow or de s igning a car It w il not be a de . l t e d, s t p by s t p m e t od s ince it ail e e h cov rs m any f l be yond Blnde r e ie ds e or e v n your ow n PC. Th is is an ov re e v w of t e w h ol proce s s , w it ocie h e h cas ional f ocus on part ar icul t ch niq ue s . W e w il s t e l art w it t e h h conce pt s k e t e s and e nd up w it a ch h 1:6 f oam s cal m ode l e .

Conce pt F t of al it tak e s a l : irs l ot

Int roduct ion

" aring t e Road," is t e t e m e f Sh h h h or te h 2007 M ich e l in Ch al nge l e D e s ign™ (M CD ) (w w w .m ich e l al inch lnge de s ign.com ), a ye ar-l e ong t rans port ion at de s ign e v nt e t at h cul inat s at t e Nort Am e rican Inm e h h t rnat e ionalAut Sh ow (J o anuary 1321, 2007) at Cobo Ce nt r in dow ne t n D e t . Th is ye ar's e nt ow roit rant s ov r 260 of t e m f e h rom around t e h w orl - addre s s e d cars and ot e r d h l t v h icls , s e m i t igh e e ruck s and pas s e nge r bus e s as w e l as road us e rs l on t o w h e e l and t o f e t w s w e . Bob M iron, M ich e l dire ct oft ch in's or e

Car de s ign t ch niq ue ; e Conce ptt s cal m ode l o e . G e ting s t e d. t art

of t ink ing -> s k e t ing -> re t ink h ch h ing -> re -s k e t ing. Car m ode l is ch ing t e m os t f t ing t ing I h av h rus rat h e s e e n in 3D m ode l up t now and ing o you’ e got t h av crys t v o e al clar e ide as (or al os t of t e ins and m ) h out , s ol s id and v oids , bum ps and de pre s s ions of t at s urf h ace be f ore you s t art of ; m os t f f re q ue nt y, big m is l t es ak f ound during 3D m ode l ing w il re q uire l you t re do m os t o of t e w ork , t at h h m ay be w h ol e w e e k s . So f t of irs al do a l of l , ot s k e t e s and dif ch -

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f re nt v w s t cl y as m any de e ie o arif t s as pos s ibl. ail e s ys t m s o t e x64 / SSE3 opt ize d e h im buil giv s a l of adde d re nde ring d e ot pow e r (+ 75% ) com pare d t t e o h st andard. I w ilnot cov r h e re , in de l e t , t e w h ol m ode l as it is a t ail h e ing ut orialapart but a f w conce pt are , e s al os t v al w h e n t m it urning your conce pt int a 3D : o - Part Subdiv ion. Al ays s ubis w div ide your m ode l body int dis o t inct part s (doors , s ide s , cow l ing, m irrors e t c). At e m pt t curv s on t e back ground bl e h ue print Ne igh boring curv s s h oul . e d h av approxim at l t e s am e e e y h num be r of v rt s t f e ice o orm as m any re gul f ar, our v rt x f s e e ace as pos s ibl. Y e ou h av t s e t in e o m ind t e e xact pos it h ioning of t e m ain curv s s ince any l e r h e at cut or l oop cut m ay s e rious l y dam age t e s urf . h ace - Corre ct L t igh ing. Us ual I us e l y a t radit ional 3-l t s ch e m e igh s and pl w it t e m t ge t good ay h h o l t igh ing and s ince m os t of e n t t e is a conce rn s o I don’ inim t cl ude radios it or occl ion in y us t s t re nde rings . e Af e r al t e w ork , t e f t lh h inalre nde rings l e d s om e t ing l e t is : ook h ik h

22

Bl print ue s
As you m igh t h av s e e n in car m ode l e ing t orial, it al ays t e s bl ut s w ak ue print of t at part ar car and t e s h icul h s am e is ne e de d f or your ow n conce pt F . or s om e pre cis e bl ue print you can us e f e w are v ct s re e or s of w are l e Ink s cape (l e I did). Ink t ik ik s cape alo h e l d m e go one s t p s pe e ah e ad of m y s k e t e s , m ak ing a ch col d il t ion. W h e n w ork ing ore l rat us

on t e bl print , I w oul adv e t h ue s d is o k e e p an e xis t ing car bl print on t e ue h back ground t k e e p t e proport o h ions in ch e ck .

Blnde ring e
W e l as s um ing t at w e h av done l , h e al t e abov corre ct y, it s t e t lh e l ’ im o w arm up t e Blnde r e ngine s . I am h e on a 64bit AM D m ach ine and 64 bit

ing t s e parat s om e part af e r o e s t h av ing done s om e m ode l ing, by cut ing or ot e r m e t ods , w il t h h l cos t you a l of t e and e f ort ot im f s t corre ct adj t t e m . o / us h - Grid Re s ol ion. Th e s am e is t ut o be s aid w h e n you m ode lh e pol t ygons . Th e t ch niq ue I h av us e d e e is pre t y s t t raigh t orw ard; Exf t rude a point f l ing dis t ol ow inct

S cal m ode l e
W h e n f h e d w it inis h t e re nde rings h

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and ph ot e dit o ing, it w as t e t e t h im o st art t ink ing about t e s cal m odh h e e l W h il I w as not an e xpe rt w it . e h Blnde r, e a s cal e m ode l w as s om e t ing in w h ich I h ad ze ro e xpe rih e nce and al I h ad at m y dis pos al l w e re s im pl t s l e a s aw , s h ape ool ik t m pl e s of s om e giv n body s e ce at e t ions . I s ubdiv d t e w h ol lngt ide h e e h of t e xV in 12 s e ct h ions and cut t e h car body af e r t os e s e ct t h ions . Af e r t re nde ring e ach s e ct ion cut , s cal out ing t e m in t e GIM P and t e n print h h h ing, w e onl h av t s t y e o ick e ach s e ct ion on a cardboard pie ce and care f l cut t e h ol part ul y h l ow . Af e r t is ope rat t h ion, t e onl t ing h y h t do re m ains m ark ing t e s e ct o h ions on t e w ork ing board according t h o t e dis t h ance s of t e s e ct h ions w e h av in Blnde r, s o w e can pl e e ace t e righ t s e ct h ion at t e righ t dis h t ance t ch e ck t e w ork progre s s . o h And t is is t e f h h inal out . Th is put m ode lw il be dis pl d by M ich e l l aye in on t e Nort Am e rican Int rnat h h e ional Aut Sh ow , in e arl J o y anuary 2007. As you coul s e e m os t d of t e h proce s s , Blnde r e pl d a crucial e not onl aye rol y in m ode l ing and re nde ring but alo in put ing t s t oge t e r a h corre ct s cal m ode land t e e h re s ulw as pre t y s at f ory. t t is act

23

ing gauze s , s cis s ors , rulrs , a s im pl e e cal r and f w ot e r t ings . ipe e h h Th e f t t ing I did w as t print al irs h o l t e t re e m ain v w s of t e m ode l h h ie h in 1:6 s cal (t e m ode l re als cal). e h ’ s e Th e s e im age s on t e w al s e rv d h l e t rough out t e m ode l proce s s as h h ing a 1:1 re f re nce f m os t of t e die or h m e ns ions ; you ope n t e cal r ach ipe cording t t e part you w ant t o h o m e as ure and t e n com pare it w it h h t e re al dim e ns ion on t e m ode l h h , pre t y s t t raigh t orw ard. f Anot e r t h rick in w h ich Blnde r e h e l d m e , w as pre paring cardboard pe

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M arin M yf iu is f t rom Tirana, Al bania. H e is curre nt y l st udying Arch it ct e ure and w ork ing part t e as a im graph ics de s igne r H e is w ork ing in arch it ct , . e ure product de s ign, int rior de s ign proj ct and m ore e e s im port l s e e k ing a care e r in car de s ign. ant y w w w .f e w e bs .com / ul re m t id

M arin M yf iu t

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As w it m os t proj ct , t is one alo h e s h s s t e d w it t e m ode l ph as e . I art h h ing s canne d m y draw ings and l oade d t e m ont t o pl s in Blnde r h o w ane e w it UV m apping, giv h ing a t op and s ide v w , as bl print . ie ue s

M ak ing of'Cuting t e W av s ' t h e
As a re gul Blnde r us e r, I h av al ar e e w ays w ait d f t e annualBlnde r e or h e F1 ch al nge . Unf unat l f m y l e ort e y or 2005 e nt ry I h ad lt e t e and it l im coul dn't com plt it Bas ical t e e e . l h y, car w as done but I h ad no t e f a im or back ground s ce ne . St l a f t pl il , if h ace m ot at d m e t t iv e o ry h arde r ne xt ye ar, s o f 2006 I de cide d t m ak e or o t e be s t im age I coul w it as h d, h m uch de t as pos s ibl, incl ail e uding a back ground.

Th is ye ar I w ant d s om e t ing f s h e h re and ne w . So I dit e d t e ol w h e e l ch h d bas e d car conce pt and de cide d on a h ydrof -t oil ype v h icl w it a j t e ne e h e gine . Th is com bine d figh t and w al t r, as I re al w ant d s om e t ing e l y e h bas e d around t e t e m e of " at r" h h w e t is ye ar I s t e d s k e t ing and de h . art ch cide d on t e f l ing de s ign (F h ol ow igure 1):

I us ual m ode l w it s ubdiv d l y h ide m e s h e s , as t e m e s h h t s in ool Blnde r are t e m os t adv e h ance d. H ow e v r, t aid in m ode l e o ing, I f t irs dre w t e out ine of t e car w it 3D h l h h Be zie r curv s , adj t d t f t e t e us e o it h op and s ide bl print (F ue s igure 2). Th e n cam e s om e adj t e nt in 3D t us m s o m ak e t e m nice and s m oot , giv h h ing t e v h icl t e prope r ae rodynam ic h e e h out ine s . l Us ing t e curv s as out ine guide s , I h e l m e s h m ode ld t e car body. Th e n: e h Subs urf once , Al t -C conv rt t e o m e s h , and cont inue d m ode l ing. F igure 3 is m ore or ls s t e f e h inal odm e l w it f , h ront gril , w inds h ie l roof l e d, air int e s and f ak ront l ps adde d. am T m ak e it m ore int re s t o e ing, t e re is h

M ode l t e car ing h

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v h icl, l e a t in a bat t e e ik oy h ub. I de cide d t ge t rid of t e " h t o h bat ub"and go f t e ope n s e a! or h

L t igh ing

an inde nt ion, div at iding t e f e l h us age int t o dif e re nt y col o w f l oure d part , s pure l f ae s t e t re as ons . y or h ic

T e D riv r h e

Th ough I am not m uch of a ch aract r m ode lr, e s pe cial not w it re al e e l y h is t h um ans , I j t h ad t add a ic us o ch aract r t t e s ce ne t m ak e it e o h o com e al e . F iv igure 4 s h ow s m y driv r, al e ong w it t e ins ide s of t e h h h cock pit H is body is m y m ode l but I . , h av t adm it h is h e ad is a M ak e H ue o m an h e ad s t ch e d t t e body. H e 's it o h f l pos e -abl, e xce pt f ul y e or f inge rs . F l ing m y m ot o of " t , de ol ow t de ail t , de t " I adde d h e l e t gl s e s , ail ail , m , as 4 point s e at be l w it t e re las e t s h h e but on m ode ld, t ough you can't t e h s e e it in t e f h inal nde r re .

done w it t re e Cl h h ouds t xt s , e ure w it dif e re nt Input Size X,Y,Z parah f m e t rs as bum p m aps , giv e ing 3 l aye rs of w av s : s m al m e dium and e l , l arge . Th e m at rial s e l is a s im pl e it f e gre e nis h bl re fe ct ue l ing and re f ract ing m at rial F e . igure 5 is m y f t W IP irs pos t d t s om e 3D graph ics f e o orum s on t e ne t (El iun/ e nde rart t ). h ys Bl is s Th is is good pract , as t e com ice h m e nt I re ce iv d re al h e l d m e de s e l y pe vl e op t e pict h ure f h e r M os t urt . pe opl s aid it l e d l e a s m al e ook ik l s cal m ode l e and not a f l ize race ul s

F l t or igh ing, I us e d an H D R m ap ge ne rat d w it T rrage n, as T rrage n e h e e can m ak e s om e v ry nice s k y e re nde rs . T f o ind t e pe rf ct m ood h e f m y im age , I t d v or rie arious s e t ups f t e H D R m aps unt I f or h il ound t e h ce nt ralone as s h ow n in t e f l h ol ow ing pict , a v ry nice , pink is h -ye l ure e l is h ow m orning s k y. It w as undoubt dl t e 'O ne ' pe rf ct f a e y h e or m orning t s t run on t e ope n-s e a e h t rack ! Be s ide s t e gl h obal l t GI igh ing, as w it m any of m y im age s a s un h l p is alo us e d t add s om e am s o st ronge r s h adow s , t ough t e s e do h h not s h ow up w e l on t e w at r F l h e . or re al m , t e s un l p is al d is h am igne w it t e s un in t e T rrage n H D R h h h e m ap.

Fuid W av s l e

W at r e

Th e w at r I us e d com e s f e rom an e arl ie r pict ure of m ine (V nice M orning), e as I l e d it s o m uch :) It re al not ik s l y h ing t oo com pl e d, t e w av s are icat h e

O ne im port ant part of t e pict h ure is h ow t e s e a re act t t e h ydrof . h s o h oil Th e v h icl is in cons t e e ant m ot ion, " t cut ing t e w av s " In t is caph e . h t d m om e nt it is t ing a s h arp ure ak lf t e t urn, w h il t e w at r w av s f e h e e ol l t e originalpat of m ot ow h h ion. T o cre at t e prope r s w e l e h l and de ing pre s s ing of t e w at r s urf , I us e d h e ace t e nice Blnde r f at h e e ure of fuid s im l

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ul ion. It t at ook at las t 20 or m ore e t s t ge t t e prope r w av s t rie o h e o f orm . Th e s e t up t at f h inal w ork e d l y w as a cube s h ape d bl of w at r at ock e t e bot om of t e s im ul ion doh t h at m ain, and a l arge bal of w at r is l e 't row n' w it a giv n s t ing v l h h e art e ocit (v s ide w ays int t e w at r, in y 0) o h e t e dire ct h ion t at t e v h icl w as goh h e e ing. Th is cre at d a v ry nice w av e f e e e f ct e . Ne xt s t p w as int grat e e ing t e h bounde d fuid dom ain int t e big l o h dis k of w at r t at w as t e s e a. Af e r e h h t s om e uns ucce s s f t s w it ot e r ul rie h h t s , t e buil in s cript M e s h -> Apool h t : pl D e f y orm at ions conv rt d m y e e bak e d fuid-s im int an e dit e l o abl m e s h . Th is w as s t ch e d t t e l it o h arge round s e a m e s h . TIP: t m ak e it o s e e m l e it e xt nds f v r (t l h e ik e ore e il t h orizon), t e out ide of t is dis k is h s h about 1000 Blnde r unit aw ay. Th is e s is not e nough , you can s t lclarl il e y s e e t at t e 'w orl e nds abrupt y. h h d' l So t e out r v rt s w e re m ov d h e e ice e

up a bit m ak ing t e dis k curv up, h e w ard a bit and it t e re f , h ore s e e m s t o e xt nd t t e h orizon. e o h

w ire s and e v ryt ing f l ing it e h ol ow s m ov m e nt e . F igure 9 is a cl e up of t e v h icl's os h e e back , w it s e v ral int re s t h e e ing de t s . Th e re is t e j t e ngine e xh aus t ail h e w h ich prope rl 'w arps ' t e air - t e y h h re f ract e inde x of h ot air is h igh e r iv t an of col air - , and h as j t a h d us h int of bl w h e re it lav s t e car ue e e h . A com m on m is t e t at I s e e in ak h m any pict s is e xce s s iv us e of ure e t ick bl h ack or f ire col oure d f e s , um us ual part e s ys t m s , f j t e nl y icl e or e gine e xh aus t . Th is is unre al t e ns is ic, gine s don't burn air, if you s e e f ire and/ s m ok e - not t be conf e d or o us w it conde ns at h ion t s - com ing rail f rom an e xh aus t t e re is s e rious , h t roubl in t e e ngine (re m inds m e e h of M ont Pyt on, H ow t Irrit e : y h o at

Ext ras
W it t e m ain obj ct done , t e f h h e s im or t e e xt ! I m ode ld t o dol ins h ras e w ph and paint d t e m w it v rt x paint e h h e e . Y ou can s pot t e m in t e w at r in h h e te f h inal age . I'm not e xact y s ure im l a race t rack w oul be al e d w h e re d l ow dol ins l e d but I j t h ad t k e e p ph iv us o t e m in t e f h h inalim age . Th e race t rack it e l is bounde d w it buoys s f h and s om e dire ct ion boards (F ig. 7). Th e re 's alo a cam e ra on a pl f s at orm (F ig. 8), t e s am e m an m ode lf h rom be f . It w as f t m ode l is m ov ore un o h abl pe de s t , w h ich is prope rl e al y rigge d w it an arm at , w it t e h ure h h

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in Core l ot aint t t e back part Ph oP o h s of t e im age . Th is w as a s im pl w ay h e t o s e parat e te h car f rom te h f ground. I alo appl d s om e ore s ie Gaus s ian bl and de s at ur urat ion t o t e back ground. h T ia: w h y doe s t e s ide s ay " al riv h F con Racing" If you l ? ook at m y bl print ue sk e t ch at t e be ginning, t e car h h l s l e t e ope n be ak of s om e ook ik h bird of pre y. H e nce "al f con" and t e h l as w e l ogo l . P opl: " e re is no caus e f al . e e Th or arm Th e w ings are not on f ." :)), s o I'd ire adv e agains t it Th e s e e -t rough is . h e xh aus t h e re w as act l a pre t y ual y t com plx m at rial w it a num be r of e e , h proce duralt xt s and col e ure orbands us e d. Th e s m al w at r drops are t e l e h re s ul of a s e parat fuid-s im , t at t e l h w as conv rt d t m e s h w it t e e e o h h af m e nt ore ione d s cript and j t t e , us h s m al drops k e pt Th e re are alo l . s brigh t s pot on t e h ul of t e 'car', s h l h t e s e are m e ant t be w at r drops h o e t at h av s t h e uck t t e f e l o h us age at t e back (t e air re s is t h h ance w oul d bl t e drops of t e f ow h f h ront ). And t e f h inalim age : Pl d f ace ourt . h Not bad, but coul h av be e n d e be t e r But t e re 's al ays a ne xt t . h w t e ! :) Se e you at t e race s ! im h

Final ouch -ups t
W h e n t e dat of t e com pe t ion h e h it w as e xt nde d 1 m ont , I didn't e h

re al h av anyt ing lf t do. I l y e h e t o adde d t e is l h and w it t e l t ous e h h igh h in t e back ground, w it s om e pal h h m t e s , t e de t s of w h ich w e re re h ail unf unat l l t w it t e m ot ort e y os h h ion bl . Righ t m ot ur : ion bl Bas ical I ur! l y re nde re d a de pt m ap (ie z-buf e r) h f of t e im age , and us ing t at as a h h m as k , appl d pos t ie -pro m ot ion bl ur

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M os t of t e s ce ne s are j w e l re h e ry l e d be caus e t is is m y m ain f l at h ie d at te h m om e nt . H ow e v r, e e v ryt ing e xpl d can e as il be e h aine y t rans f rre d t any ot e r t e o h ype of obj ct as w e l - as t e l t ch apt r e l h as e s h ow s . L t t k about a brus h e d m e t e 's al al s h ade r f t irs . M any f t s e m e s t r s t irs e ude nt m arv l s e about t e ir f t cas t d s ile r ring h irs e v af e r t e y'v s t e d t clan up t h e art o e t e ir f t cas t h irs ing w it s and pape r h . Th e y l e t m ov t e ring around ov o e h and e nj oy w at ing t e ch ange of ch h t os e s t t e d h igh l t . But w h at h re ch igh s are t os e anis ot h ropic re fe ct l ions ?M icro f ine groov s ins ide a pol h e d e is m e t s urf al ace re fe ct t e incom ing l h l t at dif e re nt angls aw ay - pe righ f e pe ndicul t t e groov s dire ct ar o h e ion. Th os e v ual e lm e nt , m os t com is e s m onl k now n as l ar and circul y ine ar brus h pat e rns , are cal d anis ot t l e ropic s pe cul re fe ct ar l ions , or s h ort anis ot ropic h igh l t . H ow e v r, t os e igh s e h groov s alo s pre ad t e re fe ct e s h l ion v ue in t e s am e m anne r Th is is al h . k now n as anis ot ropic re fe ct l ion. It is not j t a dif us e d, radial urre d re us f bl fe ct l ion, be caus e t e anis ot h ropic re fe ct l ion is s t t e d as t e s pe cul re ch h ar

h igh l t re fe ct igh l ion is s t t e d. An re ch anis ot ropic re fe ct l ion is com pos e d out of m any f ine paral lre fe ct l e l ion l s , de pe nding on t e groov s ize . ine h e It is im port ant t k now t at cl e obo h os j ct appe ar m ore clar in t e re fe ce s e h l t ion and f ar obj ct appe ar m ore e s dif us e d. Th e l t point is e s pe cial f as l y w h at is curre nt y dif icul t re cre at l f t o e w it t e Blnde r m at rial ys t m . It h h e e s e is not onl a q ue s t y ion of s t t ing a re ch re fe ct l ion al ong one axis pe rpe ndicul t m icro-f ar o ine groov s , but f h e re urt m ore t m ak e t at re fe ct o h l ion h av e t e corre ct bl h urrine s s according t o t e dis t h ance be t e e n t e re fe ct d w h l e and t e re fe ct h l ing s urf . ace T cre at t is v uale f e ct w e ne e d o e h is f t cre at a bum p m ap w h ich can o e prov ide us w it t e ne e de d am ount h h of f ine groov s . Be caus e w e w ork in e 72 D PI and not t e re alw orl w e h d, onl h av a l it d am ount of v ual y e im e is inf orm at ion (pixe l) t cre at t is e f s o e h f ct Th e s ol ion t t is t ch nical e . ut o h e problm is t cre at a blnd of dif e re o e e f e nt m at rial w h ich al h av s l t y e s l e igh l dif e re nt bum p v ue s . By ov rl f al e aying and m ixing t e m t h oge t e r w e h can cre at t at f e h ine s urf ace w e ne e d. Each m at rial e are going t e w o cre at e h as a s m al re fe ct e l l iv rayt race v ue t al oge t e r w it a de h h s ire d F s ne l s e t ing. In addit re t ion,

L v l Int rm e diat t A dv e e : e e o ance d

UV- unw rapping - m at rial e ne s t - dis pl m e ntm aping ace ping - dis pl m e ntm ixing ace
Th is t orialw il e xpl h ow dif e rut l ain f e nt t ype s of m e t s urf s , f al ace ound in Indus t rialD e s ign and M e t Art can al , be re buil in Blnde r It w il cov r t e . l e brus h e d and h am m e re d m e t t xal e t s incl ure uding m ode l UV ing, -unw rapping, and t xt e uring approach e s and t ch niq ue s . e

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e ach m at rial ut izing t e UVm ape is il h ping m ode f any us e d bum p m ap. or Th e f t m at rialcont irs e ains t e m ain h anis ot ropic s pe cul re fe ct ar l ion ut izil ing t e ne w T h ange nt V f unct ion f or s pe cul h igh l t . Th is f ar igh s unct ions as t e m ain bas e m at rial It alo h e . s cont ains a l s e t ing f rayt ow t or race d

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In addit ion, you coul e xpe rim e nt d w it t e Col opt h h 1 ion. W it t e int rnh h e alt xt e ure s cal v ue you can cone al t rol h e s ize of t e point w h ich w il t h s l l e r be s t t e d. at re ch re fe ct l ions . It is v ry h e l ult giv e pf o e your m at rial uniq ue nam e s t e s o h e l you m anage t e m . p h In t rm s of t xt e e ure you can e it e r h us e an im age m ap you cre at ins ide e Ph ot h op (or ot e r im age e dit os h ing s of w are ) ut izing m ot t il ion-bl d urre nois e , or you can us e a proce dural f unct ion. Th e be ne f of a proce dural it t xt e ure is t at it is re s ol ion inde h ut pe nde nt I pre f r t us e v . e o oronoi. Th is t xt e ure can produce nice point pat e rns s im il t nois e . Us ing t e t ar o h t e Int f h unct ion you can de cide if you w ant t us e onl dot or m ore a o y s ce l ik e s t l -l ruct ure by pl aying w it h t e Brigh t s s and Cont t v ue . h ne ras al Y ou can now de cide if you w ant t o s t t t e t xt re ch h e ure com plt l al e e y ong one axis by t urning of one axis inf s ide t e M ap Input t h ap, or you can us e t e X-Z s ize v ue s t s cal t e h al o e h

anyw ay. Th e m at rialis conne ct d e e t one col input ch anne l a col o or of or m ixe r node w h ich blnds int t e e o h col ch anne l of t e out or h put node . Th e ne xt s t p is t cre at a s e cond e o e m at rial h at cont e t ains a dif us e d unf s t t e d s pe cul re fe ct re ch ar l ion. Th is h e l t buil a m ul ace t d ov ral ps o d t if e e l s pe cul re fe ct ar l ion w h ich is t ypical f brus h e d m e t s urf s . or al ace Th is m at rial w e dupl e w it e icat h e ach copy h av ing a s l t y dif e re nt igh l f bum p s e t ing, t e n m ix t e m t t h h oge t h e r w it col m ixe rs . Th e e nd-re s ul h or t of t is m at rial t ork ne e ds t be h e ne w o conne ct d t t e s e cond col ch ane o h or ne linput t w h ich t e f t m at rial o h irs e is conne ct d. Th e am ount of s e cond e m at rial w il de f e s l ine t e s m oot h h ne s s of t e brus h e d m e t l h al ook and alo t e s m oot ne s s of t e anis os h h h t ropical fe ct re l ion. A s ch e m at v w w oul l ic ie d ook l e in ik t e Im age be l : h ow Brus h e d m e t al s h ade r t e : bas e re

pat e rn dow n al t ong one axis and s t t it al re ch ong t e ot e r axis . h h Th is w ilproduce t e s am e v ual s l h is re ul you w oul ge t w it Ph ot h op t d h os

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s h ade r w it h anis ot ropic s pe cul ar s e cond s h ade r w it s h arp s pe cul h ar and am ount of s e condary s h ade s w it dif e re nt bum p s e t ings h f t Brus h e d m e t s urf s s om e t e s al ace im h av t e problm of cat ing dirt be e h e ch caus e of t e f h ine groov s . T pre e o v nt t is you can s e alt e s urf e h h ace w it a l ue r Th is w il re s ul in a h acq . l t v ry s t e rong and s h arp s pe cul h igh ar

l t and a m ore s of l ing anis oigh t ook t ropic s pe cul h igh l t T ge t t is ar igh . o h re s ul you ne e d t l e r t e v ue of t o ow h al t e anis ot h ropic h igh l t and inigh cre as e t e v ue of onl one re gul h al y ar s pe cul h igh l t ar igh . Anis ot ropic h igh l t igh s are of e n t f ound on m e t obj ct w h ich re pre s al e s e nt ge om e t rical prim it e s l e a iv ik t ube , a bal a s h e e t or a box. Be f l , ore w e cont inue , I w oul l e t pre s e nt d ik o f w im port e ant t : ips

1. Al ays t w ry t unw rap t e o h m e sh f rom t e s ide , or t v w , h op ie but not f rom any pe rs pe ct e iv v w t pre v nt any dis t ion of ie o e ort t e UV t xt h e ure you w il appl If l y. your obj ct or f s are not e ace al d t any axis , t t l igne o ry o ook pe rpe ndicul ont t e f s ar o h ace you unw rap. 2. T pre v nt dis t ions , al ays o e ort w t t s cal f s ins ide t e UV ry o e ace h e dit or t t e s am e dim e ns ion o h t e y alo h av ins ide your 3d h s e m ode l Th is is v ry im port . e ant t o k e e p in m ind w h e n you f l ol ow t e ne xt s t ps . h e 3. Y ou s h oul h ide t e UV s e am d h by e it e r put ing addit h t ional oge m e t ov r it or by rot ing it ry e at aw ay f rom t e cam e ra. h 4. Us e s e am s t cont o rolw h e re t e m e s h unf ds t h av be t e r h ol o e t cont about w h e re you w ils e e rol l t e h igh l t bre ak . h igh 5. Rot ing a m e s h in t e UV e dat h it or w il cont l rol orie nt ion of at s pe cul re fe ct ar l ions . Th ink about UV in onl one dire ct y ion. 'UV ' coul be upw ards / d dow nw ards , and a 9 0 de gre e rot e d v rat e s ion, lt s ay 'V e s U', coul go lf d e t and righ t . 6. T cre at s m oot and e v no e h e fow ing anis ot l ropic h igh l t on igh s curv d obj ct , you w il ne e d t e e s l o

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h av a v ry s m oot s urf e e h ace us ing e it e r s m oot e d s ubdiv h h is ions or t e s ubs urf h ace m odif r ie . O t e rw is e you w il s om e t e s h l im s e e s h arp corne rs in t e h igh h l t igh . Pl : Unw rap > P e ct f ane roj rom v w : Th is is t e e as ie s t obj ct ie h e t unw rap. J t m ak e s ure you o us l ook pe rpe ndicul ar ont o te h pl . ane Cyl inde r: Unw rap > Cyl r inde f rom v w : T t xt ie o e ure a cl e d os cyl r, I f inde ound it e as ie r t cre o at a t e ube and unw rap it f t irs . Af e r t at s t p you s h oul cre t h e d at a ne w l e oop cut v ry cl e t e os o t e e dge of t e e nd you w ant h h t o cl e . Be caus e you unos w rappe d t e t h ube , t e ch ange h in t e m e s h w il al ady be uph l re dat d in t e UV unw rappe r's e h m e s h . Se lct t e t l e h op oop of t e h t ube and s cal it dow n t cl e e o os te t h ube by cre at ing a cap. D o not m e rge t e point . Th is w ay h s you can cre at a cyl r w h e re e inde t e s ide s h av a l ar h igh l t h e ine igh pat e rn and t e cap s h ow s a cirt h cul h igh l t pat e rn, s im il ar igh t ar t w h at w e k now f o rom a CD . Box: Unw rap > Unw rap w it h s e am s m ark e d be f : A box is ore

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a pre t y s im pl s h ape t unt e o w rap. Y ou onl h av f y e our s ide s and t o caps . H ow e v r in conw e t t t a cyl r, t e box can ras o inde h onl prov y ide you w it l ar h igh h ine l t pat e rns . Th is alo m e ans igh t s t at t e cap w il s h ow a l ar h h l ine dire ct ion w h ich fow s f l rom one ne igh bor f ace t rough t e cap h h f ace t t e ot e r ne igh bor f . o h h ace Th e ot e r t o f s w ilprov h w ace l ide you w it an anis ot h ropic s pe cul h igh l t w h ich w ilnot cre ar igh s l at a j e oint w it t e s pe cul h h ar h igh l t of at las t one cap igh e f . If you t e a s m al s t e l ace ak l e cube and t t brus h e ach s ide ry o w it s and pape r you w il s e e h l t at you can onl conne ct 4 h y s ide s l e a f ik ace l oop. Th e ot e r h t o f s w ilnot be abl t be w ace l e o int grat d. e e Sph e re : Unw rap > Sph e re f rom v w : A s ph e re is v ry ie e e as y t unw rap as w e l J t go o l us . t t e s ide v w and unw rap it o h ie . Y ou w il not l ice t at t e pols h h e s h ow s om e dark e r art act . T if s o f t at re m ov t e t o t ix h , e h w op pol point t f h e r ope n t e e s o urt h s ph e re . Se lct a l e oop ring, e xt rude , and s cal t e s e lct e h e ion dow n t cl e one pol. Y o os e ou s h oul m ov t e ne w l cre at d d e h y e l oop ring t t e s am e pos it o h ion

of t e v rt s you de lt d f t h e ice e e irs t re t o ain t e s ph e re curv ure h at at t e pols . As w it t e cyl h e h h inde r, do not m e rge t e v rt s h e ice ring t cl e t e s ph e re . o os h M ixe d s h ape s : D e pe nding on your obj ct you w ilh av t ut e l e o il ize dif e re nt unw rapping m e t f h ods t ge t good re s ul . In m y o t s t s t obj ct I w ant t unw rap a e e o cyl indrical obj ct w h ich cone t ains an e xt rude d e lm e nt e .

S t p 1: Buil e ding bas ic body :

Be caus e you ne e d t h av a v ry o e e s m oot s urf h ace t re ce iv s m oot o e h anis ot ropic h igh l t , I pre f r t cre igh s e o at cyl e indricalobj ct out of cube s e s ut izing t e s ubs urf il h ace m odif r t ie o cre at t e roundne s s . St ing w it e h art h a box, I re m ov t e pol caps and ine h e cl ude t o l cut . (Im age 1) w oop s

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I go int s ide -v w and unw rap t e o ie h box as a cyl r f inde rom v w . ie Ne xt I re -s ize t e f s in t e UVe dit h ace h or s o t at t e y w ilbe s im il t t e h h l ar o h f ace s ize of t e 3d m e s h . (Im age 2) h

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q uick l s h ow you h ow m uch t e y h s m oot ne s s oft e s urf h h ace h as an im pact ont t e s m oot ne s s of t e o h h h fow of t e h igh l t l h igh .

S t p 2: Enh ancing ge om e t e ry and unw rapping:

W e can now t s t out t e f t re s ul e h irs t . T urn on s ubs urf w it a re nde r v ue h al of 5, and cre at a m at rialw h ich e e h as t e T h ange nt V opt ion, f ound ins ide t e s h ade rs pane l t h , urne d on. Se t t e obj ct ' f s t s m oot , h e s ace o h and do a re nde r pre v w . Y ie ou w il l s e e a nice and s m oot anis ot h ropic h igh l t (Im age 3) igh . M aybe pl a bit w it t e s ubs urf ay h h re nde r v ue s e t ings . Incre as ing al t and de cre as ing t e v ue t h al oge t e r h w it h q uick re nde r pre v w s w il ie l

L t s e lct one f e 's e ace and e xt rude it and re v w t e re s ul ins ide t e UV ie h t h e dit . As you can s e e , t e ne w l cre or h y at d f s do ov rl and a q uick e ace e ap pre v w re nde ring s h ow s a bad re s ie ul (Im age 4) t . W e ne e d t s e lct t e ne w l cre at d o e h y e

f s in t e f ace h ace s e lct e ion m ode and unw rap t e m w it " > Unh h U w rap" Going back int t e UV e dit . o h or w e w il s e e t at t e s cal proporl h h e t ions are t al of and w e ne e d t ot l f y o m anual corre ct t at (im age 5) l y h . Se lct al f s of your obj ct in e l ace e s te F h ace s e lct e ion m ode , go int t e o h UV e dit and s cal dow n t e ne w l or e h y adde d f s s o t at t e y w il ace h h l

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orie nt ion. (Im age 7) at Se lct a f e ace ne xt t t at f o h ace and

In cas e in t e UV e dit h or t e t o h w e dge s do not ov rl t e f s w il e ap h ace l h av dif e re nt UV orie nt ions and e f at pos it ioning and t e h igh l t w il h igh l now fow t rough bot conne ct d l h h e f s . (Im age 9 ) ace

re pre s e nt t e act h ual dim e ns ions of t e 3D m e s h . (Im age 6) h It is v ry im port e ant t k e e p t e f o h ace

you w ils e e t at s om e t e s t e col l h im h or ch ange de pe nds on t e orie nt h at ion. H ow e v r, in cas e t e l e r e h ow e dge of one f ace is re d and t e t h op e dge of t e f h ace be l is gre e n in ow te F h ace s e lct e ion m ode - and in t e h UV e dit it is t e s am e , you w ilbe or h l f , t e y ov rl and s h are t e ine h e ap h s am e coordinat s in 2D s pace . (Im e age 8) I alo rot e d t e f s at h ace t s h ow h ow o t at w ilaf e ct t e orie nt ion of t e h l f h at h h igh l t and any t xt s us ing t e igh e ure h uv coordinat s . e Appl a s cald dow n v y e oronoi t xt e ure and s t t re ch it al ong one axis w h il e de s e lct e ing t e axis ins ide M ap h

orie nt ions int . Go int t e f at act o h ace s e lct e ion m ode and s e lct on f . e ace Y ou w il s e e t o ye l , one gre e n, l w l ow and one re d e dge . Th os e re d and gre e n e dge s pre s e nt t e UV h

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Input w h ich is pe rpe ndicul t your ar o anis ot ropic s pe cul h igh l t dire car igh t ion. M ap t e t xt h e ure t t e Norm al o h ch anne l s e lct t e UV m apping , e h m ode , do a q uick re nde r pre v w ie and e nj oy t e nice e f e ct (Im age h f . 10)

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ov r t e ge om e t (Im age 11) e h ry.

e r us e t e CTRL k e y and re las e t e h e h m ous e but on w h e n t e s cal v ue t h e al re ach e s 0 f x,y, and z. (Im age 13) or

As you can s e e t e h igh l t fow s h igh l nice l ov r t e ge om e t y e h ry.

Th e draw back is t at t e l t s t p h h as e dis t s t e proport ort h ionaldim e ns ions of t e ne w l incl d f s ins ide h y ude ace t e UVe dit t us dis t ing t e t xh or, h ort h e t ure a lt e bit In ot e r w ords , as it l . h you can s e e , t e t s ide s of t e e xh op h t rude d f ace s h ow s s t t e d l s re ch ine w h il t e s ide s re m aining h av a e h e f r grain. ine

Th e l t s t p is t incl as e o ude anot e r h e dge l oop cut cl e t t e ol r t os o h de op e dge t cre at a nice l rounde d o e y e dge f t e pol cap. (Im age 14) or h e

S t p 3: F e ixing t xt e ure fow : l

H ow e v r t e e h proce dural t xt e ure s e e m s t h av s om e bad s e am s . o e Th is is be caus e w e did not w e l t e d h ne w l adde d f s ins ide t e UVe dit y ace h or t t e f s of t e cube . W e h av o h ace h e t do t is now . Se lct t e f s of o h e h ace t e ne w e xt h rude d part and m ov s e t e m int t e h ol of t e unw rappe d h o h e h cube . Us ing s nap t pixe l w il h e l o s l p w it m ov h ing t e f s . St t t e m h ace re ch h s o t at t e y f lout t at h ol and h h il h e t e n s e lct e l w e l t e ov rl h e iv y d h e apping f ace point t s oge t e r D o a t s t h . e re nde ring and you w il s e e t at t e l h h proce dural t xt e ure pe rf ct y fow s e l l

S t p 4: F h ing up: e inis

L t us cl e t e t e os h op cap. Sim il t ar o t e cyl r unw rapping, j t add an h inde us e dge l oop cut v ry cl e t t e t e os o h op e dge of t e cube . Se lct t e t h e h op e dge and s cal it dow n unt t e e il h e dge s h it e ach ot e r (Im age 12) T h . o m ak e t e m pe rf ct y t h e l ouch e ach ot h

(F inal Re nde ring: brus h e d m e t ) e al

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Com m e nt s

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w ork ing. (Im age 15)

Th is ov rv w s h oul s h ow you h ow e ie d t approach t e t xt o h e uring and m ode l ing as w e l T not t m ak e your obl ry . o j ct t com plx. Alo, k e e p in m ind e oo e s t at w it a v ry good t xt h h e e ure you m igh t not ne e d t s h ow al ge om e t o l rical de s igns . D raw ing q uad bas e d w ire f ram e s of your obj ct be f e s ore m ode l t e m w il h e l you t l ing h l p o ayout t e de s ign and m igh t s av you a h e l of t e at t e e nd. St ing ov r ot im h art e f rom t e be ginning is al ays a h w h as s l - e s pe cial w h e n you re al e l y ize t at w it a bit m ore pl h h aning you w oul h av al ady be e n done . d e re Th rough te h ov rl e aying of t e h s e cond m at rial w e alo re ce iv e s s e s om e nice l gl ing s pe cul re fe cy ow ar l t ions s pe cif l al ical y ong e dge s as s e e n at t e t e dge of t e cyl r h op h inde . Expe rim e nt w it t e approach e s I h h s h ow e d you. F e xam pl, t e UV e dor e h it is q uit cool o pl w it in cas e or e t ay h you w ant t cre at s om e f o e unny anis ot ropic h igh l t dis t ions . L t f s igh ort e ace ov rl or rot e ot e r f s and e ap at h ace t en wel h ding t e m rot e d again inh at t t e m ain m e s h . Th e re s ul m igh t o h t s not be v ry re al t or us e f f re pe is ic ulor re s e nt ing a re al obj ct H ow e v r e . e t e y m igh t be v ry us e f h e ul f or s om e t ing e xpe rim e nt or ot e r aph al h pl ions in w h ich you can s e e t is icat h

2. H am m e re d m e t s h ade r al
T cre at a f o e orge d brace lt I t e ape r t e e nds w it a rol h h l ing pre s s and pl h t e m round. (D e f ion of anis h init pl h : t s m oot t e s urf anis o h h ace irre gul ie s in a s h e e t m e t part w it re arit al h pe at d e h am m e r bl s ) ow Th is produce s nice l t y ape re d round cone s h ape d e nds w h ich can be t xt d. e ure F t at I us e m ainl a bal s h ape d or h y l h am m e r Th rough t xt . e uring I conv rt t e round cros s s e ct e h ion int t e o h s h ape of an oct agon. Th is s h ape h as t be re cre at d o e t rough m ode l h ing. I s t art at t e ce nh t r of t e brace lt and cre at an oce h e e t agon. By e xt ruding and e v nl e y s cal dow n e ach ne w e xt ion I ing rus can q uick l buil t e m ain part of y d h t e brace lt (Im age 16) h e . T urning on s ubs urf s e t ing al f s , t l ace t s m oot , and cre as ing t e e dge s o h h

al ong t e body w il produce a nice h l and round body w h il t e e dge s are e h s h arp. I pre f r t h av a fat pl e o e l anis h e d e nd w h ich I rolint a l l o oop. Be caus e t os e e nds are pl h e d, h anis t e re is h ardl any t xt h y e ure lf . e t T m ode lt is I ne e d t t o h o rans f orm t e oct h agon s h ape int a re ct o angul s h ape and m ov t e ce nt r ar e h e point t t e s ide s in orde r t m ode l s o h o t e s h arpe r e dge s . In t e f l ing h h ol ow s t ps I j t ge nt y s cal dow n t e e us l e h t ick ne s s of t e m ode land buil a h h d l oop. (Im age 17)

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Be caus e of t e pre s s ure appl d durh ie ing be nding, t e e dge s of t e m e t h h al it e l w il rol up a lt e bit In t is s f l l it l . h cas e it m igh t m ak e m ore s e ns e t o lav t e ce nt r point w h e re t e y e e h e s h are and s cal dow n al t os e ce ning lh t r point w h ich de f e s ine t e l h oop. (Im age 18)

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dire ct ion (ie . w ork ing out ide t s ow ards t e ins ide of t e ge om e t h h ry), w h it w ile it e r m ov pol e l h e ygons out s ide or ins ide . Bl w oul h av t e ack d e h oppos it e f e ct Ne ut gray w ilnot e f . ral l m ov any ge om e t e ry. So it is adv abl t at you do not is e h w ork w it w h it t bl h e o ack t rans it ions . O nl us e Bl t ne ut gray t y ack o ral rans it ions ins ide t e col band and s e h or lct e ing t e No RGB opt h ion. Th is w ay you can e as il cont y rolt e dis pl h ace m e nt dire ct ion w it t e 'D is p' but h h t ins ide t e 'M ap T t on h o' ap. St ncil h ow t cont e > o rol h e blndt e ing of dis pl m e nt m aps : ace T m ix t o dif e re nt t xt s t o w f e ure oge t h e r you h av t pos it e o ion a m as k ing t xt e ure be t e e n t e m w h ich h as w h t e 'No RGB' and 'St ncilopt h e ' ions ins ide t e 'M ap T pane l s e lct d. h o' e e Th e 'No RGB' w il giv you be t e r l e t cont rol ov r t e blnding be caus e e h e t e blnding is bas e d on gray v h e al ue s . Th e 'No RGB' opt ion alo e ns abls you t us e t e col band e o h or f unct ion. W h it m e ans it w il be e l 100% t rans pare nt and bl ack m e ans it w il be opaq ue . Gray v ue s w il l al l re pre s e nt t e t h rans it ional v ue s al be t e e n w h it and bl , in ot e r w e ack h w ords - be t e e n t w rans pare nt and opaq ue .

s om e bas ic inf orm at ion w h ich is im port ant t k now t gain f lcont o o ul rol ov r your s h ade r cre at e ion. W e can us e t e e dge cre as e opt h ion t s e lct e l s h arpe n t e e dge s of o e iv y h t e brace lt . Th e e dge s al h e s ong t e h l oop h av a h igh v ue t produce e al o s h arp e dge s , w h il t e e dge s cl e r e h os t t e ce nt r of t e brace lt h av a o h e h e e l e r v ue t produce a nice t ow al o rans it ion be t e e n t e l w h oop e dge s and t e bas e e dge s . (Im age 19 ) h Be f ore w e ge t de e pe r int de s igning o t e s h ade r I w oul l e t pre s e nt h d ik o D is pl m e nt > h ow t cont t e ace o rol h dis pl m e nt : ace Ev ry dis pl m e nt m ap s h oul ut e ace d il ize a gray s cal. Us e t e 'No RGB' ope h t ion ins ide t e 'M ap T pane l o t h o' t urn col bands int gray s cal inf or o e orm at ion. Bl and w h it are t e t o dif ack e h w f re nt e nds of any dis pl m e nt e ace m ov m e nt Th e v ue oft e dis pl e . al h ace m e nt w il cont l rol t e h dis t ance be t e e n t e s e t o e nds . D e pe nding w h w on if you s e t t e dis pl m e nt h ace

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As m e nt ione d, w e h av a t e rans it ion f rom a t xt d oct e ure agon s h ape d body int an unt xt d re ct o e ure angul ar body. Cre at ing a m at rial l e t is e ik h w oul be e as y. Y d ou w oul onl ne e d d y t appl a ce lt xt o y l e ure as a dis pl ace m e nt m ap f or t e m ain body, a h s e cond t xt e ure m ap w it a m uch h l e r dis pl m e nt v ue , and a ow ace al blnding t xt e e ure t blnd t os e t o o e h w dis pl m e nt ace t xt s e ure t oge t e r h w h e re t e m ode lch ange s it cros s h s s e ct ion s h ape . T m y k now ldge it is not ye t pos o e s ibl t m ix dif e re nt ch anne l of m ae o f s t rial e s t oge t e r h ut izing il te h dis pl m e nt inf ace orm at ion. Curre nt y l onl t e col out y h or put is s upport d. e F ixing t is l it ion w il al h im at l l te ow h cre at ion of a l re d s h ade r w it dif aye h f re nt dis pl m e nt s e t ings ut ize ace t il ing t e node s ys t m . h e A s ch e m at v w w oul l ic ie d ook l e ik t is : H am m e re d m e t s h ade r t e : h al re m ixing - ch anne l one : 1. dis pl m e nt ace t xt e ure (s t rong v ue v al oronoi) - ch anne lt o : s t ncilt xt w e e ure (h and-paint d uv m ap) e - ch anne l t re e : 2. dis pl h ace m e nt t xt e ure (s of v ue v t al oronoi)

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Th is m e ans t at w e w ilh av t cre h l e o at a h andm ade dis pl m e nt m ap e ace w h ich prov s s t ide rong and s of dis t pl m e nt v ue s w h e re w e ne e d ace al t e m . Th is is not v ry dif icul and h e f t can produce v ry conv e incing re s ul . t s W it h and paint d m aps you alo h e s h av m ore cont ov r t e e nd re s e rol e h ul H ow e v r t e y are alo m ore t . e h s t e cons um ing t cre at . im o e Unw rapping and e xport ing t e UV h F ace L ayout Al w e h av t do is t unw rap our l e o o brace lt and corre ct t e f e h ace l ayout ins ide t e UV e dit . St h or art t e UV h F ace l ayout s cript and s av it by h it e t ing F1. (Im age 20)

Y can m ode l ou one -h al of t e brace f h lt and af e r t xt e , t e uring s t ch a duit pl e t t e ot e r e nd. Th e UV icat o h h coordinat s w il be t e l rans f rre d t e o t e dupl ion. h icat P paring t e t xt re h e ure bak ing T bak e a dis pl m e nt t xt o ace e ure w e ne e d t appl a t xt o y e ure t t e Col o h or ch anne lins ide t e 'M ap T t h o' ap. As w e did e arl r, I re com m e nd t e ie h v oronoi t xt . Ins ide t e M ap Ine ure h put t ap I incre as e t e s cal f x,y, h e or and z t cre at s m al e nough f s . o e l ace Be caus e I unw rappe d t e brace lt h e f t t e proce dural t xt irs h e ure w il l nice l fow al y l ong t e cyl h indrical body. Sw it t t e UV e dit and s t ch o h or art t e h T xt e ure Bak e r s cript Th e bigge r t e . h f e s ize , t e s h arpe r t e e nd-re s ul il h h t w ilbe . Be caus e w e w ork w it pixe l l h s and not a proce dural m ap, you s h oul m ak e s ure t at your dis pl d h ace m e nt m ap w il s uppl you w it l y h e nough pixe linf orm at ion t pre v nt o e a bl y l . ock ook Com pos ing t e D is pl m e nt M ap h ace in Ph ot h op os L oad bot im age s , t e bak e d t xh h e t ure and t e UV f h ace l ayout f e int il o Ph ot h op and com pos e t e m t os h oge t e r in one f e . Appl a l r h il y aye m as k t t e bak e d t xt o h e ure im age

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l r Cre at an opaq ue t 80% t aye . e o rans pare nt gradie nt and f , ade t e t h op part of t e bak e d t xt h e ure aw ay s t art ing at w h e re t e UV f h ace l ayout m ap s h ow s you w h e re t e l h oops of t e h brace lt s t s oon. H ide alot e r l e art l h aye rs and e xport t is im age as a h igh h re s j f e . pg il Cre at ing a dirt m ap H am m e re d s ile r s urf s t nd t v ace e o ge t dirt in de e pe r groov s be caus e y e of t arnis h ing. Th e h igh e r h il are of l s t n j t pol h e d t rough w e aring e us is h t e brace lt Th os e dirt are as alo h e . y s h av a l e r re fe ct e ow l ion v ue t an al h t e h igh and pol h e d are as . Sav h is e t e ne w l cre at d com pos it h y e ion as a ne w ph ot h op f e and cal it os il l s om e t ing l e re fe ct h ik l ion_dirt ap. _m Appl a lv l l r e f e ct and iny e e aye f cre as e t e cont t be t e e n w h it h ras w e and bl . Y ack ou can alo l e r t e s ow h v ue out al put by m ov ing t e s l at h ide t e bl h ack s ide a bit aw ay t ards ow m ore a dark gray. Th is w il k e e p l st rong w h it e dge s w h il brigh t ne e e ing up t e dark e r are as . D irt is ne v h er unif orm so appl y a m onoch rom at nois e f t r t t e ic il e o h bak e d t xt e ure l r H ide al ot e r aye . l h l rs and e xport t is im age as a aye h h igh re s j f e . (Im age 21) pg il Cre at ing t e h am m e re d s ile r m at rih v e al Blnde r in e

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M ap Input t ap s e lct UV go t t e e o h 'M ap T t and de s e lct Col o' ap e and s e lct D is p. Se t t e Nor v ue t 0 and e h al o s e t t e D is p v ue t s om e t ing l e h al o h ik 0.045. D e pe nding on t e gray s cal h e of your dis pl m e nt m ap you ace m igh t ne e d t incre as e or de cre as e o t e D is p v ue t ach ie v re al t h al o e is ic v ue s . al Se condl w e w il cre at a ch anne l y l e f t e re fe ct or h l ion and dirt m ap. Add a s e cond ch anne land alo s e t t e s h m apping m ode t UV In addit o . ion t o t e Col ion, s e lct t e RayM ir oph opt e h t ion. Se lct e ing t e l t one w il h as l m ak e us e of t e v ue s of t e re fe ch al h l t ion m ap t de f o ine w h ich are a of t e h brace lt w il be re fe ct e and w h ich e l l iv w il not Gray v ue s w il be t e l . al l h t rans it ion be t e e n re fe ct e and w l iv not re fe ct e . L av l iv e ing t e Coloph t ion s e lct d w il s h ow t e dirt v e e l h al ue s w h e re t e s urf h ace h as no re fe ct l ion v ue . Nice h ow bot w ork al h t oge t e r t ough one im age m ap. h h (Im age 22)

Im g 21

Sw it ch t t e M at rialw indow (F5) o h e and cre at a m at rialand t e e urn Ray M irror on. H ow e v r lav t e Ray e e e h M ir v ue unt al ouch e d. Se lct Bl e inn f t e s pe cul h igh l t and cre or h ar igh s at a s h arp re fe ct e l ion. F t w e w il irs l cre at a ch anne lf t e dis pl e or h ace m e nt m ap. Go t t e T xt o h e ure t ap and cre at a one ch anne lIns ide t e e . h

Im g 22

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Sw it ch t t e T xt o h e ure w indow (F6) and cre at an Im age t xt . L e e ure oad t e bak e d dis pl m e nt m ap j h ace pg f e . D e s e lct Int rpol ion and s e t il e e at t e F t r v ue t 0.1 t pre v nt addih il e al o o e t ionals m oot ing of your m ap. Cre h at an addit e ional age t xt Im e ure and l oad t e re fe ct h l ion dirt m ap j f e . pg il W h il you're at it de s e lct int rpol e , e e at ion and s e t t e F t r v ue t 0.1 T h il e al o o m ak e w ork ing w it t xt s e as ie r h e ure you s h oul s e lct t e aut nam ing d e h o f unct ion, or giv e ach t xt e e ure a

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paint a bit int t e dis pl m e nt o h ace m ap t fat e n out norm al dis o lt l y pl d are as . Th rough t e proce s s ace h of be nding t e brace lt I alo pl h e , s anis h e d out s om e are as of t e t xh e t d s urf . Us ing a h and paint d ure ace e dis pl m e nt m ap giv s you t e ace e h abily t q uick l s h ow t os e irre guit o y h l ie s . W it a pure proce dural ap, arit h m you w oul not be abl t do t at s o d e o h e as il y. D is pl m e nt M odif r ace ie Th e ne xt v rs ion of Blnde r w il e e l h av an int ract e dis pl m e nt e e iv ace pre v w . Th is dis pl m e nt m odif r ie ace ie w il e nabl you t s e e t e dis pl d l e o h ace ge om e t in re al e . Th e s ubdiv ry t im is ion m odif r lv l ilaf e ct t e pre ie e e w l f h cis ion of t e pre v w . Th e h igh e r t e h ie h lv l t e f r t e de t , but it w il e e , h ine h ail l be s l e r Th is is gre at f s m al r ow . or l e obj ct but not v ry f t t pre v w e s e as o ie m any at t e s am e t e . H ow e v r, h im e you t nd t onl w ork on one obj ct e o y e at a t e anyw ay. im P roce duralt xt s or im age m aps e ure are s upport d. Be caus e Blnde r e e alo com e s w it a buil in paint m ods h t ul you can cre at your dis pl e e ace m e nt im age m ap in Ph ot h op, os appl it in Blnde r t t e dis pl y e o h ace m e nt M odif r and pre v w t e re s ie ie h ul In cas e you ne e d a lt e t . it l m odif icat ion you can l oad t e im age h

Im g 23

uniq ue nam e . (Im age 23) And w e are done . Y can h it re nde r ou t pre v w you re s ul . Ch e ck out o ie t s t e s h adow s . Th e y s h ow t e dis h h pl d s urf ace ace of t e brace lt h e . Com m e nt H and cre at d obj ct of e n s h ow a e e s t lv lof im pe rf ct e e e ion or irre gul y arit in s urf ace and s h ape . As you can se e t e f h inalm ode lof t e brace lt h e s h ow s s om e of t os e de f h orm at ions .

F e xam pl, e ach l or e oop is dif e re nt I f . m ov d and re m ov d s om e ge oe e met ry. I did t e s e s t ps af e r I h e t m e rge d bot h al s h ape s of t e h f h brace lt t e oge t e r Th is w ay, I s av d h . e t e t e t cre at t o cus t h im o e w om s ide s f t w h ich alo w oul h av re q uire d irs s d e m e t cre at cus t o e om m ade im age m aps as w e l l . Y ou s h oul onl do t is af e r your d y h t are bas ical done w it your m ode l l y h and t xt e uring it F h e rm ore , I did . urt

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in t e UV Im age h / ch ange s . e dit or and paint

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Sw it ing be t e e n O bj ct and Edit ch w e m ode w il f l orce Blnde r t re cal e o cul e t e dis pl d ge om e t and t at h ace ry o s h ow t e ch ange s t t e im age h o h t rough t e 3D m e s h . W it t e pos h h h h s ibl v ry h igh am ount of pol y e ygons , it m ak e s s e ns e t at Blnde r doe s h e not re f s h any ch ange aut at re om ical F unat l h is m odif r com e s l ort y. e y, ie w it a v ry h andy f at h e e ure - It can bak e t e dis pl d ge om e t h ace ry. Th is m e ans t at you can t h urn your pre v w int a s ol ne w m e s h and conie o id t inue m ode l w it it Th is e nabls ing h . e t e art t t us e t e dis pl m e nt h is o h ace f unct ion, not onl as a re nde r t e e f y im f ct but alo as a s ol m ode l e , s id ing t . W it t is t , m at ing ot e r ool h h ool ch h obj ct t dis pl d ge om e t s is f e s o ace rie inal not a nigh t are ! l y m W arning Th e re is one dow n-s ide . Y our s ce ne f e can q uick l e xpl il y ode in f e s ize . il W h il m y l e ow pol ygon brace lt e s ce ne is around 1 M B a back e d dis pl m e nt ge om e t w iladd an addiace ry l t ional 242 M B! Th is m e ans t at t is h h f unct ion is gre at w h e n you appl it y t a s m al s e lct o l e ion of obj ct e s w it out t e h igh e s t s ubdiv ion lv l h h is e e v ue . al

3 St ruct ure d and dark e ne d s ile r s urf v ace s f ound w it h cas t d rings e
V ry com m on f cas t d s ile r j w e or e v e e l w h ich s h ow a h igh lv lof de ry e e t s is t at it is dif icul t k e e p ail h f t o t e m clan. Th is caus e s a dark e ning h e of t e s e are as w h ich are h ard t h o re ach w it a s ul bas e d ch e m ical h f ur . Th rough w e aring t e ring al h igh h l point of t e ring s urf s h ace are going t be pol h e d. o is So w h at w e w oul ne e d is a m at rial d e w h ich prov s a s m oot pol h e d ide h is and re fe ct e s urf l iv ace f t e m ain or h body and a m at rialf t e de core or h at d are a w h ich s h ow s a dis pl d e ace s urf , h av ace ing a re fe ct l ion v ue f al or t e h igh point and a col d and h s ore non-re fe ct e v ue t l iv al o te l h ow point of t e dis pl m e nt m ap. In s h ace re aly t os e t o dif e re nt m at rial it h w f e s do not blnd int e ach ot e r Th is e o h . m e ans t at w e do not ne e d t cre h o at any blnding be t e e n t e m in e e w h Blnde r T appl t os e t o dif e re nt e . o y h w f m at rial t t e ring w e can s im pl e s o h y cre at t o dif e re nt m at rial ine w f e de xe s and appl t e m ins ide t e y h h Edit m ode t dif e re nt f o f ace s e lce t ions of t e ring ge om e t h ry. Se lct al of t e f s w h ich re pre s e l h ace e nt t e m ain body of t e ring and h h

h it 'Ne w ' and t e n 'As s ign' ins ide h te L h ink And M at rial ap. Ins ide t e e t h m ode l w indow pre s s W and cl ing ick Se lct Sw ap t s e lct t e ot e r e o e h h f s w h ich w il be dis pl d. H it ace l ace

Ne w and As s ign as w e l (Im age 24) l . Y now cre at t e t o ne w m at riou e h w e al, t e n as s ign t os e m at rial t s h h e s o t o s pe cif are as of t e ring. M os t w ic h ring de s igns can be m ode ld as a e l pol ow ygon cage w it q uad f s h ace t at w e h w il l be s m oot h ut izing il t e s ubh s urf m odif r ie . Th rough

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adding l oop cut w e can pick out l s ayout are as w h ich w ilre ce iv dif e re nt l e f t xt s . W it e ure h s om e pus h and pul l you can q uick l cre at s om e ing y e nice l ing and com f abl t ook ort e o w e ar ring de s igns . (Im age 25) Tim e t cre at t e m at rial. A o e h e s

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- ch anne lw o : inv rt d dis pl t e e ace m e nt t xt e ure - ch anne lt re e : col t xt h or e ure f dark e ne d s ile r or v

W e al ady cre at d t e m at rialinre e h e de x f t e ring. Sw it t t e M at rior h ch o h e al w indow (F5) s e lct t e f t e h irs m at rial h ich re pre s e nt t e m aj e w s h orit of t e uns t y h ruct d ring ins ide ure t e L s and P l t h ink ipe ine ap. Re nam e t at m at rial o s om e t ing m e aningh e t h f , l e " ain body" Se t t e O bj ct ul ik M . h e col t bl . T re buil a pe rf ct y or o ack o d e l pol h e d s ile r s urf , t is v ace urn on Ray M irror, s e t t e RayM ir v ue t 1.00 h al o and cre at a s h arp s pe cul h igh e ar l t w it t e Bl s h ade r igh h h inn . Ev n pe rf ct y pol h e d s urf s of e e l is ace t n s t l av s om e f e ilh e ine groov s and e s crat e s . Th rough ch buf ing you f s m oot out t e s h arp e dge s of h h t os e s crat e s and t os e produce h ch h a m ore e v n re fe ct e l ion w h ich giv s e you t e im pre s s ion of a s crat f e h ch re s urf . An e as y s t p t cre at t at ace e o e h e f e ct is t q uick l unw rap t e f s f o y h ace of t e m ain body. Appl t o l h y w oop e dge s e am s al ong w h ich Blnde r e w ilcut t e ring apart (Im age 26) l h . Sw it ch t t e T xt o h e ure w indow (F6) and cre at v e oronoi t xt . Y e ure ou can

s ch e m at v w w oul l l e t is : ic ie d ook ik h St ruct d m e t s h ade r t e : ure al re - M ain m e s h f s : bas e m at riace e al it s ile r s e t ings w h v t - De t ailm e s h f s : s t ace ruct d ure m at rial w it addit e h ional s ile r v s e t ings t - ch anne l one : dis pl m e ntt xace e t ure

s cal it dow n a lt e bit and act at e it l iv e t e Col h orband opt ion unde r t e Col h ors t ap. W h at w e w ant is a bum p m ap w h ich onl h as f w s crat e s y e ch h e re and t e re . F h or t at s e t t e h h bl ack col Al a v ue t 1.00 and or ph al o t urn cyan int pure w h it . W e s t l o e il h av t at ce ls t e h l ruct ure grain t ypical f or v oronoi. M ov t e bl e h ack col or t o t irds t t e righ t s ide and t e w h o h h w h it col t t e f le f s ide . Know e or o h ull t w e h av a nice bl e ack s urf ace w it h s om e dot onl It m igh t m ak e s e ns e s y. t re nam e t at t xt o h e ure s om e t ing h l e " oronoi Scrat " Se e Im age 27. ik V ch . Sw it back t t e M at rialW indow ch o h e (F5) and appl t e ne w l cre at t xy h y e e t ure ins ide t e 'M ap T t h o' ap onl t y o t e Nor ch anne land giv it a v ry h e e l Nor v ue . Ins ide t e 'M ap Input ow al h '

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Im g 27

t ap, s e t t e w ork ing axis f your h or m ode l t a h igh v ue . Th is w il o al l s q ue e ze t e bum p m ap t produce h o a brus h e d l . In m y cas e I s e lcook e t d t e Y axis and us e d a s ize Y e h v ue of 40. (Im age 28) al

t e de s ire d pat e rn s ize . Sw it h t ch t o t e Col t h ors ap and t urn on Col orband. W e onl w ant t e dis pl m e nt y h ace go int one dire ct o ion. It s h oul e it e r ris e aw ay f d h rom t e h

Af e r you m ade your de cis ion it is t t e t cre at a blnding m as k . Se im o e e lct cl int an e m pt ch anne line ick o y s ide t e T xt h e ure t ap and s e lct t e e h s am e M us grav t xt e e ure f rom t e h Add Ne w m e nu. Cl t e 2 ne xt t ick h o t e s m al car icon t t h l o urn t at inh st ance of t e t xt h e ure int a s ingl o e us e r Go int t e Col . o h orband and m ov t e bl e h ack and m e dium gray s l r a bit t t e lf . Add anot e r ide o h e t h col pos it or ion and s e t t at one t h o

Im g 28

Now it is t e t cre at t e dis pl im o e h ace m e nt m at rial Ins ide t e L s and e . h ink P l s t ipe ine ap, s e lct t e s e cond m ae h t rial Re nam e it t s om e t ing l e e . o h ik " pl d" T dis ace . urn on Ray M irror ins ide t e M irror T h rans pare ncy t but ap lav t e RayM ir v ue at 0. W e w il e e h al l cre at a t xt e e ure w h ich w il de f l ine t e re fe ct h l ion v ue s . Y h av t de al ou e o cide w h ich proce duralt xt e ure pl ug in you w ant t us e f t e dis pl o or h ace m e nt In m y cas e I s e lct d a M us . e e grav . Pl w it t e Nois e Size v ue e ay h h al ins ide t e M us grav t h e ap t cre at o e

ring s urf ace or it s h oul s ink int it d o . F t at w e ne e d t s e t t e col or h o h orband t a gradat o ion be t e e n bl or w ack w h it t ne ut e o ral gray. Y can m ov ou e t e bl h ack s l r aw ay f ide rom one s ide cl e r t t e gray point t de f os o h o ine h ow s of t e t t h rans it ion be t e e n unw t ouch e d and dis pl d ge om e t ace ry w ilbe . (Im age 29 ) l

w h it and m ov t is one a t e e h iny bit aw ay f rom t e righ t s ide . Y h ou j t us cre at d a m as k w h ich h as s l t y e igh l s m al r h ols t an t e dis pl m e nt l e e h h ace m ap t rough w h ich t e ne xt t xt h h e ure w ilbe v ibl t rough . (Im age 30) l is e h Th e l t t xt as e ure w il be a dirt m ap. l Se lct w h at e e v r proce de uraland im age t xt e ure you w ant t o us e . I us e d a st rongl y

Im g 29

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alo s te h and. 33)
Im g 30

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s cald dow n v e oronoi t xt e ure and s e t t e col h ors ins ide t e col h orband t o bl ack and dark gray t produce a o v ry f e ine and h ardl not abl y ice e grain l . (Im age 31) ook Go back t t e M at rial indow (F5) o h e w I s t s s again t m ak e us e of nam re o ing e ach t xt e ure t m ak e m anaging o

Im g 31

your ch anne l m uch e as ie r Se lct s . e t e f t ch anne lw it t e dis pl h irs h h ace m e nt m ap. I s e t t e D is p opt h ion t o m ov f s aw ay f e ace rom t e ring inh s ide t e M ap T t h o ap. Se lct t e 'No e h RGB' but on, s e t t e Nor v ue t t h al o 0.00, and s e lct a v ry l t v ue e e igh al f t e D is p. I us e 0.02 f e xam pl. or h or e (Im age 32) Se lct t e s e cond ch anne lw it t e e h h h m as k ing m ap. D e s e lct Col ins ide e t e 'M ap T t h o' ap and cl 'St ncil ick e ' and 'No RGB'. T urning bot on w il h l m ak e w h it t e rans pare nt and w il l

Se lct e te h t ird ch anne l h w it t e dirt m ap. D oubl cl Rayh h e ick M ir Th is w ils e t t e RayM ir f . l h unct ion t w ork on t at part of t e t xt o h h e ure w e did cut aw ay t rough t e m as k h h ing m ap ins ide t e s e cond ch anne l h . Th is w ay t e t ird ch anne l ils h ow h h w l t e dirt m ap w h e re w e m as k ing m ap h did not k e y out and as wel l s h ow te h re fe cl t ion. F h e rurt m ore doe s te h t xt e ure we cre at d e alo prov s ide us w it alne e de d Rayh l M ir v ue . (Im age 34) al H av ing al t os e ch anne l s e t up l h s ch e ck out t e P v w t h re ie ap. L s ook gre at doe s n't it (Im age 35) ? Ins ide t e Edit h ing (F9 ) w indow s e lct e t e Subs urf opt h ion and giv t e e h re nde r opt ion a v ue of around 4 t al o 6. Th e h igh e r t e m ore pre cis e your h dis pl m e nt w il be during re nde r ace l t e .. (F im inal Re nde ring: St e ruct d ure Ring)

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W h e n you w ork w it pe rf ct re fe ct h e l iv s urf s it m igh t m ak e s e ns e t e ace o giv t e dif e re nt m at rial dif e re nt e h f e s f bas e col . Th is w ay you can s e e ors w h e re you appl d w h ich m at rial o ie e t w h ich f s ins ide t e 3D w indow s . ace h I f ind t at v ry conv nie nt t w ork h e e o w it . Th e h igh e r t e s ubs urf v ue , h h al

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t e m ore pre cis e t e re al e pre h h t im v w. ie W h e n you w ork w it re fe ct h l ions you al ays ne e d t t e t e e nv w o ak h ironm e nt you put t e ring int alo int h o s o cons ide rat ion. Y our rayt race d re fe cl t ions h av t re fe ct s om e t ing. e o l h Quit of e n, rayt e t race d obj ct do e s not w ork out f be ginne rs be caus e or t e y onl cre at d t e s h ade r f t e h y e h or h obj ct but did not cont e , inue t t ink o h about w h at t os e re fe ct h l ions w il l s h ow . P t ut ing t e ring int t e righ t h o h s e t ing w il of e n dras t l im prov t l t ical y e t e q ualy of t os e re fe ct h it h l ions . Sof irre gul ie s ins ide re fe ct t arit l ions cre at d t rough e h a s e cond v ry e bl d bum p m ap w il of e n inurre l t cre as e t e re al m of re fe ct h is l ions . Th e re are h ardl any pe rf ct y fat y e l l s urf s in re aly. Rayt ace it racing t nds e t produce t os e pe rf ct v ual. As o h e is s an art t you h av t e t k t bring is e h as o nat 's irre gul ie s back . Th os e ure arit f ine de t s are of e n t e k e y t proail t h o ducing re al t re s ul . is ic t s

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on t e m ain obj ct W e can re proh e . duce t is e f e ct w it t e com pos it . h f h h or Th e re are t o w ays you coul do it w d . Th e ol w ay us e s t e w e l k now n Z d h l de pt bl t h ur rick . In Blnde r you e w oul us e a pixe l d bas e d m at rix cre at d t rough t e z-de pt inf e h h h orm at ion t bl t e re nde r out . Th e o ur h put problm you w oul e ncount r is t at e d e h pixe l oft e e dge s oft e obj ct in f s h h e ocus w il be m ixe d t l oge t e r w it t e h h h ne igh bor pixe l, w h ich be l s ong t t e o h back ground. A re al oF e f e ct w oul not us e a Z D f d de pt h bas e d im age , but w oul d re nde r pixe l de pe nding on t e dis s h t ance t t e cam e ra in re l ion t o h at o t e lns s e t ings . Th e f h e t inalbrace lt e re nde ring s h ow s t at problm . Th e h e t op e dge s of t e m e t s urf h al ace are bl d as w e l H ow e v r a w ay t urre l . e o pre v nt t at is t div e h o ide t e obj ct h e s ont dif e re nt l rs and bl onl o f aye ur y t e l r w it t e back ground obh aye h h j ct . W it us ing an Al a O v r e s h ph e node ins ide t e com pos it you can h or t an m ix t e bl d back ground t h h urre oge t e r w it t e obj ct in f h h h e ocus . Y j t h av t be v ry care f w it ou us e o e ul h not bl urring alo part of t e back s s h ground on w h ich t e cam e ra f h ocus s it on. O t e rw is e you m igh t s e e a s h bl d s urrounding w h il t e f urre e h ocus obj ct is s h arp. Th is w oul l e d ook ph ys ical w rong. In m os t cas e s you l y w il onl s e e a s m al am ount of t e l y l h f ground w it obj ct s t ore h e udio ph ot ograph y. Th is m e ans t at you can h alo ignore bl s urring t e f ground. h ore Th e " inal_Unw rapping" blnd f e F e e il cont ains al t e re q uire d s e t l h ups . Ke e p in m ind t at w h e n you s pre ad h obj ct al e s ong re nde r l rs , you aye alo h av t m ak e s ure t at alyour s e o h l l t alo are act e in t os e l rs igh s s iv h aye at t e s am e t e . Ins ide t e O bj ct h im h e w indow (F7) can s e lct t e dif e re nt e h f l rs ins ide t e D raw t aye h ap. F m ore inf or orm at ion about h ow t o se t up t e re nde r l rs go t h t h aye o: t / w w .blnde r p:/ w e .org/ s / nde rcm Re _pipe l .747.0.h t l L ine m ook alo int s o t e ot e r t o j w e l blnd f e s and h h w e ry e il

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Sm al obj ct s t l e udio ph ot ograph y m ak e s h igh us e of t e de pt of f l h h ie d e f e ct t dif us e dis t f o f ract ing back ground e lm e nt and t put f e s o ocus

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Z - D e pt s am pl bas e d bl h e urring
Re ce nt ch ange s in Blnde r brough t e t us by Al do de Gre e f brough t us o f re t e ne w D e f h ocus node f t e com or h pos it . F or rom w ork ing w it it I got h , t e im pre s s ion t at it s e e m s t be a h h o cros s -ov r of t e t e h radit ionalZ -de pt h bas e d bl urring. It is not pure l pixe l y m at rix bas e d, but rat e r us e s h s am pls l e w it a t e ik h rue D oF e f e ct f . Th e Z -buf e r inf f orm at ion s e e m s t o w ork as a h e l r in aiding D e f pe ocus t k now w h e re t s am pl. Th is w il o o e l re s ul in a s am pl m as k w h ich w il t e l onl bl are as out of f y ur ocus w it out h ble ding int s h arp e dge s of obj ct e o e s in f ocus . Th is is a e norm ous adv ant age ov r t e ol f e D oF t e h d ak rick be caus e t e re are not art act and h if s t us alo no clanup af e rw ards . h s e t Y ou can e it e r us e a t h radit ional f op l e approach f bl St ik or urring or you coul us e a Z -de pt bas e d im d h age . If you go w it t e Z -de pt im h h h age you can e it e r us e t e Z h h inf orm at ion Blnde r prov s you, or e ide e v n s uppl t e D e f e y h ocus node w it h any ot e r inf h orm at ion of your ch oice . O ne gre at adv age ov r t e ol Z ant e h d de pt bl t h ur rick is t at it re as onh 's abl f t Be caus e it is a pos t producy as . t ion e f e ct you can us e t e pre v w f , h ie

f unct ion t q uick l ge t a rough ide a o y of t e f h inal f e ct D e pe nding on t e e f . h am ount of s am pls , t e pre v w w il e h ie l be s m oot e r or m ore grainy. F a f h or inals h ot you onl ne e d t de s e lct y o e pre v w and t e com pos it de l e rs ie h or iv te f h inal s uls h ort y af e r t at re t l t h . Ut izing t e M ap V ue node t il h al oge t h e r w it a Col Ram p node you can h or cus t ize t e z-de pt im age t om h h o m ak e it f your ne e ds . Th e M ap it V ue node s e t t e f al s h ocal point w h il e

e v rybody k now s f e rom re alcam e ras . A v ue al of 128 w il s e t l e v ryt ing s h arp w h il 64 w il e h e l

t e Col Ram p node w il adj t t e h or l us h s ize of t e de pt of f l And of h h ie d. cours e t e nice V w e r node giv s h ie e us a dire ct f e dback on h ow t e act e h ual z-de pt m ap l s l e . And w it l y h ook ik h t e Z s cal v ue you h av cont h e al e rol about t e s t ngt of bl h re h uring. Th e f op opt St ion is s im il t w h at ar o

doubl t e am ount of bl according e h ur t Al do. Th is is f cont l bl o f re or rol ing uring. D e pe nding on your s ce ne you m igh t h av t go dow n t v ue s e o o al l e and f op of 4 t s e e t e bl e f ik St o h ur f ct T cont e . o rolt e f h ocalpoint t e h cam e ra h as a ne w opt ion w h ich is cal d D oFD is t . Y ne e d t t l e ou o urn on s h ow L it f t e cam e ra t s e e im s or h o te f h ocal point It is pre s e nt d t t e . e o h us e r as a ye l l cros s . Incre as ing ow t e D oFD is t w il m ov t e cros s h l e h aw ay f rom t e cam e ra. h Th is is a v ry com f abl and pre e ort e cis e w ay on h ow t cont t e f o rolh ocal point and alo k now ing w h e re it s re al is in cont t t t e ol f e l y ras o h d ak

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cus w ide /onge r w h il re m aining t e l e h am ount of bl as w e l ur l . T e a l at t e Car_Int rior e nd ak ook h e .bl f e . Th e re you w ils e e t at t e righ t il l h h part of t e ge ar s t is out of f h ick ocus . Incre as ing t e BTh re s h ol w ilm ov h d l e t e e dge s of t e f h h ocal point m ore apart . But as you can s e e t e re is alo a h s bl art act on t e pane lTh e out of ur if h . f ocus are a s t s t f t and t e re art oo as h

t rick . But s om e t e s , de pe nding on im h ow you s e t up your s ce ne and f rom w h e re you point your cam e ra, not e v ryt ing s e e m s t be in f e h o ocus . Th e D e f ocus node com e s w it t o h w t s w h ich can be us e d t clan up ool o e art act but Th os e are t e M axbl if s . h ur and BTh re s h ol H ow e v r t os e d. e h t s you can alo us e t m ak e t e f ool s o h o-

and back ground are nice l bl d. y urre Be caus e D e f ocus is a pos t product ion e f e ct you can alo j t adj t f s us us t e cam e ra D oFD is t v ue af e r re nh al t de ring, and t e com pos it can re h or cal at t e D oF e f e ct again cul e h f w it out re -re nde ring t e com plt h h e e s ce ne . F m ore inf or orm at ion l h e re : h t ook t / e nde r p:/ bl .org/ s / cm Com pos it __D e e f ocus .836.0.h t l m

Car int rior s t e udy
is no t rans it ion be t e e n in f w ocus and out of f ocus . Y can f t is ou ix h w it us ing t e M axbl opt h h ur ion. Th is w ils m oot out t e e dge . l h h As you can s e e t e com plt ge ar h e e s t is in f ick ocus and t e f ground h ore

Th is im age s h ow s t e t h ype s of ge om e t s you m igh t com e in cont rie act w it . Cyl rs , pane l, and ot e r h inde s h bas ic s h ape s . L y us , t os e e luck h e m e nt are e as y t unw rap. T e a s o ak l at t e s ce ne f e s and h ow t e ook h il h indiv idual e ct are unw rappe d t obj s o ge t an ide a about h ow you s h oul d

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ce s s f . Be aw are of t e re l ion ul h at be t e e n t xt w e ure and obj ct s ize . As e you can s e e , t e t xt h e ure l s m uch ook m ore rough on t e pane lt an t e h h h ge ar s t . Expl ick ore t e s ce ne s and h you w il s e e h ow s im pl t e act l e h ual approach e s are . L ing at t e ge ar s t ook h ick in t e UV h e dit you can s e e h ow w h e re I de or cide d t appl t e s e am al o y h ong w h ich Blnde r cut t e m e s h apart It is be e h . h ind t e s t h ick and t us cannot be h s e e n in t e re nde ring. I us e d t e unh h w rap f unct ion. L ing at t e pane l ook h s h ow s you h ow t e dow nw ards e xt h rus ion t m ak e pl f t e ge ar s t o ace or h ick t s l in is int grat d. In t is cas e o ide e e h no com plx w ork w as ne e de d. Th e e pane l as unw rappe d us ing t e unw h w rap opt ion. L ing at t e air v nt ook h e s s h ow s you t at not e v ryt ing h e h ne e ds t be pe rf ct y unw rappe d o e l s ince you w il not zoom in f l ar e nough t s e e t e im pe rf ct o h e ion. Th e y w e re unw rappe d w it t e unh h w rap f unct ion us ing a s e am . Th e Car Int rior 2 blnd f e incl s t e e e il ude h s am e s ce ne j t w it us h m odif d ie s h ade rs t s h ow h ow s e ald s uro e f s coul be re nde re d. Th is is a ace d q uick s e t e xpl up aining a pos s ibl ape proach . T e a l ak ook at h ow f ine t e h brus h e d l ook coul be and h ow it d w ork s t oge t e r w it t e rich ne s s of h h h

t e w ood. Th e com binat h ion of dif e rf e nt s pe cul h igh l t adds addiar igh s t ionalre adabily f t e v w e r t it or h ie o unde rs t and t e ge om e t and alo h ry s t e m at rial h e prope rt s . ie

pl ah e ad you m ode l f t xt an s or e uring. It can be a v ry big pain w h e n e you re al h ow dif icul you m ade ize f t t e obj ct t unw rap. h e o Th e k e y t m e t o al s urf s are ace s m oot and fow ing h igh l t and h l igh s t us do you ne e d cont h inuous s urf s as w e l T not t m ak e obace l ry . o j ct out of one m e s h . It is h e l ul o e s pf t st udy t e cons t h ruct ion and as s e m bl of product be f y s ore you t t ry o m ode lt e m . Y h ou w il f l ind out t at h m any e lm e nt are m ade out of e s s h e l . T o s h e l can produce on conl w s l s t aine r . Th e ge ar s t ick pane l m ade out of is one s h e l I w oul rat e r t t m odl . d h ry o e lal e lm e nt s e parat . Th is w ay l e s e t e UV h -unw rapping and t xt e uring w il be m uch e as ie r and m ore s ucl

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O f cours e , h av ing t e re f re nce im h e age s re ady h e l ps t s ole any o v doubt t at I m ay h av during m ods h e el ing.

Bl print ue s

Ne e dls s t s ay, bl print are t e e o ue s h v ry bas is of accuracy t at you e h w ant f rom your m ode lTh e m ore ac. curat t e y are , t e gre at r t e pos e h h e h s ibily of you be ing abl t m ak e a it e o ne ar-t o-accurat m ode l I s aid ne are . t o-accurat , be caus e Blnde r doe s e e not of e r m e as ure m e nt in re alle f if unit , e v n if you conv rt t e m t s e e h o Blnde r unit s om e h ow t e re w ilal e s h l w ays be a pos s ibily of am biguit s it ie in cal at cul ions . H ow e v r, if you are e cl e , t e y w ilbe h ardl not abl. os h l y ice e

D at Col ct a l ion e
L v lInt rm e diat e e : e e

Int roduct ion

Unl e m y pre v ik ious t orial m ode l ut on ing t e T h oyot Ce l car, t is art e a ica h icl is not a s t p-by-s t p m ode l t orie e ing ut alf a be ginne r W h at I h av t d or . e rie t t o ack l in t is art e is s om e us e e h icl f ul approach e s t ards m ode l ow ing t e car body in Blnde r Al ough it h e . t h l s and f e l l e a w al-t rough , I ook e s ik k h h av t d t t e rie o ack l s om e com m on e problm s w h il m ode l e e ing a car in Blnde r w h ich I h ope w il be us e f e l ul t ot e r car m ode lrs . o h e

It h as be e n e m ph as ize d of e n, in t m any car m ode l ing t orial, t e ut s h ne e d t gat e r or re s e arch v o h arious dat incl a, uding ph ot ograph s of cars and it v s arious part . Th is prov s s ide t e m ode lr w it re ady re f re nce s h e h e during m ode l ing. L ong be f ore I s t art m ode l ing, I t t ry o re m e m be r t e s h ape and uniq ue f ah e t s of t e car body w h il going ure h e t rough t e re f re nce s and, if pos h h e s ibl, t e act e h ualcar Th is h e l m e . ps t cons cious l ide nt y t e pos s ibl o y if h e problm s in t e m e s h w h il I m ode l e h e .

W h il m any us e rs pre f r t h av t e e e o e h bl print s e t in a t ue s up ypical box-l e ik f h ion. I f as ind t e m bl ing m y h ock w ay w h il I m ode l So it m os t y a e . s l pe rs onal pre f re nce . e Ch oos e w h at v r f e l m os t com f abl t e e e s ort e o you. W e h av cov re d s e t ing up e e t bl print in a box-s t e in one of ue s yl our e arl r is s ue s , you can cons ul it ie t if you l e t us e bl print t at ik o ue s h w ay. I f e lcom f abl w it us ing e ort e h Blnde r's abily t s h ow im age s in e it o t e v w port . F t e v h ie s or h iabl s cope e of t is art e , I am as s um ing you h icl k now h ow t do t at al ady. o h re Th e re are v arious s h ape and s ize s of

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bl print av abl on t e w e b s o, ue s ail e h t e f t s t p is t e dit t e m in an 2d h irs e o h im age e dit l e GIM P or your pre or ik f rre d appl ion. W e are us ing t e e icat h bl print of t e Nis s an350z t at ue s h h can be f ound on t e s it w w w .t e h e h bl print .com . ue s Th e re is of e n a f w problm s t at t e e h m os t blnde rh e ads h av t de al e e o w it and t os e are : h h - D if e re nt proport f ions in dif e rf e nt v w s . ie - Non-al ignm e nt of bl print in ue s dif e re nt v w s . f ie P roport ion problm s occur as m os t e us e rs j t cut t e bl print w it out us h ue s h t ing ak int o cons ide rat ion t at h Blnde r's v w port s om e h ow dis e ie t s te ort h proport ions de pe nding upon t e re s ol ion. h ut

M ode l A n A pproach ing:

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in t e im age e dit . W h il w e are in h or e t e im age e dit h or, w e can do t e re h q uire d t rans f orm at ions of dif e re nt f part of t e bl print s o t at t e y s h ue h h can be re pre s e nt d in t e corre ct e h v w port in Blnde r ie e . I al ays ch oos e t h av t e t w o e h op v w of t e bl print in t e v rt ie h ue h e ical pos it ion as it com pl e nt bot f im s h ront and back v w s nice l in t e v w ie y h ie port . So, if your t v w is h orizont s op ie al you m igh t w ant t m ak e it v rt o e ical by rot ing it at . Now cre at a ne w l r on t e aye op and draw a s ingl-pixe line in t e m iddl e l h e of t e docum e nt T ing t is as re f rh . ak h e e nce , you can m ov t e t e h op, f ront and back bl print v w s in t e v rue ie h e t ical iddl. Now , again draw t o re f m e w e re nce l s , one abov t e car and ine e h t e ot e r at t e bot om of t e t s . h h h t h ire Th is w il giv you t e re f re nce f l e h e or f ixing t e pos it h ion of t e s ide , f h ront and back v w s . If you did t is s t p ie h e nice l you s h oul h av t e f y, d e h our dif f re nt re f re nce s s e t e e up l e t e im ik h age s be l . ow

St p 1 - F e ixing t e bl printproh ue port ions problm e

M ak e a s ingl s q uare docum e nt in e your im age e dit w it t e m axim or h h um w idt be ing t at of t e bl h h h ue print W e ch oos e a s q uare as w e . are giv ing Blnde r im age s (v w s ) of e ie t e s am e s ize , t us m ak ing s ure h h t at al are dis pl d in t e Blnde r h l aye h e v w port w it t e s am e proport ie s h h ions . F t copy al t irs , l op, s ide and ot e r h bl print v w s int s e parat l rs ue ie o e aye

St p 2 - A l e ignm e nt problm in e v w port ie s

If you h av f l e d t e l t part e ol ow h as prope rl you w il h av a good y, l e ch ance t s e t t is up corre ct y. Now , o h l al you h av t do is s pl Blnde r's l e o it e

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w indow s int f o our s e ct ions and incl ude t e re s pe ct e im age (v w s ) in h iv ie t e v w port l e t e F 1. (Th e h ie ik h ig s cre e ns h ot h as be e n t e n in ak Blnde r2.4 RC1). e Y ou can e nabl t e v w port nam e e h ie f rom t e P f re nce s m e nu in t e h re e h 'V w & Cont s ' t ie rol ab (V w Nam e ). ie So you can s e e w h ich v w proj cie e t ion you are in. Not ice t e O f s e t nuh f m e ricalbut ons , t e s e are t e k e ys t h h f you t al your im age . H e re , or o ign t e re f re nce l s w e pl d on t e h e ine ace h bl print im age in t e l t s t p w il ue h as e l h e l you t ge t a good al p o ignm e nt . Now j t t m ak e s ure your al us o ignm e nt is w ork ing, al you h av t do l e o is ins e rt a cube prim it e and s t e xiv art t ruding it in t e t v w . If t e e xt h op ie h rus ion is out ards , t e n it s h oul be w h d out ard in t e f w h ront as w e l as t e l h back v w and t ards t e us e r or ie ow h

t e s ide v w . Se e F 2 f e xam pl. h ie ig or e

t m pt t cre at a s h ape in bl s e s o e ock w it incre as ing am ount of de t , h s ail w h il t e l t r at e m pt t do it dire h at e t s o e ct y, but in part . l s

M ode l a Car's Body ing
Th e re are t o approach e s t ards w ow pol ygon m ode l a car in Blnde r ing e . O ne is 'Box-m ode l ing' and anot e r is h 'Pl -m ode l ane ing'. Th e y are com plt l oppos it in nat . O ne at e e y e ure -

S t p 1 - Pane m ode l e l ing

I h av no e xpe rie nce w it box-m ode h e l s o I w il go about e xpl ing l aining a f w approach e s w h ich coul s av e d e you t e and e f ort w h il m ode l im f e ing a car's body us ing 'Pl -m ode l ane ing'. Th e be s t w ay t w ork is t w ork o o

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w it part l e t e f h s ik h ront f nde r or e t e bonne t s e e il t ion 3 f h , l rat us or m ore . W e can s t art im m e diat l by adding e y a pl ane in t e s ide v w . Be f h ie ore do-

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P it os ion it ov r t e f e h ront f nde r and e re duce it s ize s o t at it can cov r s h e t e cont h ours of t e f nde r j t h e us abov t e t as in F 4. e h ire ig

s oon as you m ak e s om e m aj or ch ange s in t e m e s h , w il al you h l l ow t k e e p your m e s h in a clan s t e . o e at F l ing t is , now go t t e t ol ow h o h op v w and m ov t e t ie e h op v rt s e ice back a lt e and e xt it l rude a s e t of anot e r v rt s t ards t e bonne t of h e ice ow h t e car t cov r t e m e s h as s e e n in h o e h t e F 5a. Now , m ov t e v rt s h ig e h e ice as s e e n in F 5b, f l ing t e conig ol ow h t ours of t e f h ront f nde r e . TIP: W h il m ode l a car body w it e ing h SubSurf appl d, it is adv abl t iniie is e o t l us e onl v ry f w e xt ions ial y y e e rus t ch al out t e bas ic out ine of t e o k h l h s h ape or cont our of t e part F e xh . or am pl, in F 5a, w e h av us e d onl e ig e y t re e e xt ions t m ak e t e s ide of h rus o h t e f nde r m e s h . W e w ilne e d m ore h e l cut in it t cre at m ore de t but s o e ail , t at can com e l e r Th is m e t od h at . h

ing t at pos it h , ion t e 3D Curs or as h s e e n in F 2. ig

S t p 2 - Cons t e ruct ge om e t ing ry

Y ou s h oul e nabl Subs urf w it a d e h L v l 2, if your graph ics card can e e of h andl it O ne t ing you ne e d t e . h o k e e p in m ind w h il you are m ode l e ing w it bl print is t at you w il h ue s h l h av t m ode l and re ch e ck t e e o h m e s h in t re e v w s . Th re e be caus e h ie once you are m ode l ing, f e xam pl or e te f h ront part t e back v w w ilnot , h ie l be us e f f any re f re nce s . If you ul or e are not doing it of e n e nough you t w il be ruining t e ge om e t of t e l h ry h m e s h . So, m odif ying t e n ch e ck ing h t e ge om e t in t e ot e r v w s , as h ry h h ie

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w il al l l you t h av gre at r conow o e e t ov r t e m e s h 's com plxit rol e h e y. F l ing t is m e t od, w e w il now ol ow h h l im m e diat l s w it t t e s ide v w e y ch o h ie again and adj t t e cont us h our or s h ape as can be s e e n in F 6. Th e ig re s ul can be s e e n in F 7 and F t s ig ig 8.

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S t p 3 - D e t ing e ail

Al ays add m ore v rt s or e xt w e ice rus ions in w h ich you can s e e t e m ah j port or ion of t e part F e xam pl, h . or e w e can s e e t at t e s ide v w s h ow s h h ie a m aj port or ion of t e f nde r Sw it h e . ch t it and add m ore e xt ions t cov o rus o e r ot e r port h ions in t is v w . And f h ie ol l ing St p 2, corre ct t e ge om e t ow e h ry in t e t and f h op ront v w s . An init ie ial and corre ct d v rs ion can be s e e n e e in F 9 and 10 re s pe ct e l igs iv y. 3a) Be nds or cont our l s ine Th e s h ape s of a car of e n h av point e t d s urf e ace guide s or be nds l e ik ne ar t e f nde r rim and a s l t e lv h e igh e at ion ne ar t t e bonne t in t is car o h h (Nis s an350z). Th e s e uniq ue be nds can be s e e n in t e F 10 as h igh h ig l t d orange e dge l s . igh e ine

W h e n us ing Subs urf you w il ne e d , l approxim at l t re e s im il e dge s , e y h ar cl e t os oge t e r, t bring out s h arp h o be nds . In F 10, you can s e e t at ig h t e f nde r rim l s pre t y s h arp as h e ook t in t e re al if im age s of t e car T h le h . o ach ie v t e s h arp blnding, it w il e h e l h e l if you k e e p your m e s h in a p clan s t e by onl al ing it t e at y l ow o

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h av q uad f s ne ar t e pl e ace h ace w h e re t e be nd or s h arp cont h our w il l be pl d. ace Pl acing a be nd in t e m e s h is as h e as y as us ing t e L h oop Cut t oolat t e re q uire d pl . Ch e ck F 11 f h ace ig or t e re s ul . h t s

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part t at are at t e f s h h ront and back . T be t e r unde rs t o t and, s t udy F 13 ig care f l Y w ilne e d t s e lct and ul ou y. l o e m ov t e e xt e h rude d part s e parat l s e y.

roundne s s . F e xam pl, righ t now or e in t e F 13 you can s e e t e v ry h ig h e f ront part corne r is round in appe arance . Again, ut izing t e k now ldge il h e t at w it Subs urf w e can m ak e it h h , appe ar s h arp by incl uding e dge l oops ne ar t at corne r T ge t a be t h . o t r ide a, w e h av s w it e d t t e e e ch o h t v w in t e F 14. H e re , you can op ie h ig se e t e f h ront corne r be f , and ore af e r, int t roducing an e dge l oop in F 14a and 14b re s pe ct e l ig iv y.

3b ) Clan e dge s e Al t e body part of a re alcar are lh s be nt inw ards t cre at a clan e dge o e e l . We, t ook oo, h av t re pl e t is e o icat h in our m e s h e s t ge t q ualy m ode l. o it s H e re , alof t e out rm os t e dge s are l h e s e lct d and e xt e e rude d once . Now t e m ov m e nt of t e e xt ion h e h rus s h oul be dow nw ards f t e part d or h s t at are at t e t and, it s h oul be h h op d inw ards f t e part t at are at t e or h s h h s ide and, again, inw ards f or t e h

3c) Clan corne rs e A car's body al os t al ays h as m w pre t y s h arp corne rs w it v ry lt e t h e it l

Not ice t at once you add t o e dge h w l oops v ry ne ar t e ach ot e r (in a e o h m e s h w it a l h arge dis t ance and dif f re nce of angl be t e e n t o e dge e e w w l oops ) you w il ge t a de f l orm at ion in t e m e s h . In t e F 14b, t e s e cond h h ig h e dge l oop w il cre at a v ibl bul l e is e ge on t e t h op s ide if you w il v w it l ie w it pe rs pe ct e v w . H e re , you h iv ie

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h av t m anual m ov one of t e e o l y e h e dge l oops t ge t a s m oot s urf . o h ace If it s af , you can e v n m e rge t e 's e e h e dge l oops , f t e m os t part t re or h , o duce t e e dge com plxit and re t h e y ain t e m e s h 's s m oot ne s s . h h TIP: Snapping. It is a good ide a t o e nabl s napping f e rom t e P f rh re e e nce s m e nu. As car m ode l is al ing l about de t ing, and w h e n you m ov ail e v rt s of e dge s in pe rs pe ct e e ice iv v w , t e s napping coul h e l you a ie h d p l . F e xam pl, w h il e xt ot or e e ruding, t o cre at and be nd, it w ilgiv you nice e l e k now n re s ul . t s 3d) Sm art part s Th e h e ading m ay be a bit m is lade ing but it a gre at w ay t re duce re , 's o dundancy and alo m ak e s ure t at s h m os t of your m e s h e s in t e s ce ne h are ofabout t e s am e m e s h com plxh e it Care f l l ing at F 15 w il y. ul ook y ig l h e l you unde rs t p and w h at is m e ant by " m art part " s s . Act l w h at w e are doing h e re is ual y, s im pl. O nce w e f h one part of e inis t e car, w e can us e it corne r e dge h s as t e s t ing point of anot e r part h art h . H e re , w e j t dupl e d and s e parus icat at d t e e dge , w h ich w as adj nt e h ace t t e bonne t and e xt o h , rude d it t cre o at t e bonne t m e s h . Y w ilnot e h ou l ice t at in F 15c al t e v rt s are h ig lh e ice

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al d on t e X-axis (re d). Th is w as igne h done by pre s s ing t e S-k e y(s cal) + h e X-k e y(re s t s t X-axis ) t e n, pre s s rict o h ing Num pad-Z e ro and cl ing t e os h s cal ing.

3e ) W ork ing w it e dge out ine s h l Som e t e s a part w ilbe a bit t im l rick y t do by j t e xt o us ruding. As w e can s e e in t e F 16, t e bonne t m e s h h ig h is curre nt y not s m oot due t t e l h o h f act t at w e h av onl done t e e xh e y h t ion in t rus op-v w . ie If w e s w it t t e s ide v w and adch o h ie j t t e v rt s , t ge t t e re q uire d us h e ice o h e lv ion, w e h av t de al it l s e at e o w h ot of v rt s in t e m e s h , ce rt e ice h ainl not y an e as y s it ion. Ins t ad of t at uat e h , w e s e lct d t e m iddl v rt s and e e h e e ice de lt d t e m s o t at w e ge t an out e e h h l of t e lf e dge as can be s e e n ine h e t in F 17. ig Now , if w e s w it ch t s ide v w w e o ie

can e as il pos it y ion t e v rt s as in h e ice F 18;again w e can re pe at it in t e ig h f ront v w as w e l as in F 19 . So ie l , ig now w e h av our out ine s e t core l re ct y. W e are onl lf t e xt l y e t o rude t e e dge (in t e f h h ront v w ) f ie rom t e h ce nt r of t e car t ards t e f nde h ow h e e r P it . os ioning t e ir h e igh t in t e h h f ront v w and us ing onl t e num ie y h be r of e xt ions as t e re w e re pre rus h v ious div ions . Re m ov t e e xt is e h ra v rt s as can be s e e n in F 20. e ice ig

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Re m ov doubl v rt s (caus e d by e e e ice e xt ion ov r t e ol v rt s ) by rus e h d e ice s e lct e ing al v rt s l e ice and us ing 'Re m ov D oubls ' f e e rom t e [W -k e y] h m e nu in Edit m ode . Alo, re m ov s e t os e v rt s t at are not ne e de d h e ice h (s e e n as s e lct d in F 20) t ge t e e ig o

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t h av t e piv point of t e m e s h o e h ot h in t e ce nt r of t e car h e h . L t us e e 's te h bonne t m e s h again.

Go t t e t o h op v w and s e lct t e ie e h bonne t e dge as in F 22. P it ig os ion it corre ct y l re f re ncing e in te h te h m iddl e by bl print ue be l . ow

Th e n, pre s s [Sh if + t Th is w il bring t e l h

S] and s e lct e curs or t t e o h

'Curs or t Se lct o e ion' in t e popup. h m iddl of t e s e lct e h e ion. Alo, s ince s t is is t e m iddl of t e car t h h e h oo, t e h M irror m odif r w il us e t is as t e ie l h h

3f M irroringSince )

al os t al cars m l

h av a s ym m e t e ric s h ape , our w ork is re duce d t onl m ode l h al of it o y ing f t e n, h m irroring te h ot e r h h al f . m irroring point Y w ilalo ne e d t . ou l s o pos it ion m ode te h m e sh pre s s piv ot at t is h F9 , t en h cl ick point T do t at ge t out of Edit . o h , and 'Ce nt r Curs or' in t e M e s h T e h ab. M irroring is pre t y s t t raigh t orw ard. If f you as k Blnde r t m irror a part e o , Blnde r w il t e int cons ide rat e l ak o ion it piv point and t e origin, f s ot h rom te h s m oot h and prope r curv d e w h e n it w as f t m ade , as t e point irs h f m irroring. So, you al ays ne e d or w s urf ace of t e bonne t in F h ig21.

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car . Now , appl t e M irror m odif r and y h ie pl w it t e axis s e t ing t ge t t e ay h h t o h de s ire d m irrore d s urf . Th e M irror ace m odif r alo al s you t j ie s l ow o oin t e h

Th e

dis t ance

be t e e n w

te h

Blnde rArt m agazine . Som e of t e e h pos s ibl e t opics w h ich can be cov re d are : e M ode l a re al t car l p. ing is ic am M ode l rim s and t s . ing ire M ode l t e Int rior ing h e . Re nde ring t e car h .

bonne t and f nde r body w il be in e l t e range of 5-8m m . D oing t at w il h h l alo bring out t e s h re nde rings . Concl ion us W e l t at al f a f w int re s t l h 's , l or e e ing approach e s in m ak ing t e car body. h I h ope t at it h as be e n h e l ult h pf o you. If you h av s om e t ing t s h are e h o or f e dback on t e s e f w s t ps , you e h e e are wel e com t w rit o e t me o at alo s gaurav b lnde rart @ e .org. pos s ibl in e f ure ut is s ue s F h er urt of t e h car body in

addit ions t t is t orial are o h ut m e sh F ig23. and it m irror int an s ingl s o e Since you h av e al ady re

m e s h if you ne e d. Se e t e re s ul in h t pl d t e curs or t e re , you can go ace h h ah e ad and s e lct t e e h f ront e nde r -f m e s h and m ak e it piv ce nt r at s ot e t e curre nt curs or pos it h ion and add a M irror m odif r as w e l ie l . 3g) Gaps prov ide t ge t nat o ural l ing ook gap be t e e n t e w h body part , m ak e s ure you al ays s w e nough adj nt part of t e car body. Y ace s h ou can obs e rv t is in re alif on a re al e h le

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D ue t it ope n and f e l h are d o 's re y-s nat , it im pos s ibl t t l h ow ure 's e o e l m any copie s of Blnde r 2.42a are cure re nty ins t ld around t e w orl but l al e h d, it a ce rt 's aint t at it h as be com e y h m ore w il y popul t an anyone h ad dl ar h im agine d w h e n it w as ope n s ource d f our ye ars ago. Since t e n, h ow m any h t e s h av t e binarie s be e n dow nim e h l oade d? Be l v it or not no one ie e , k now s f s ure , but age s ago (2004or 2005) t e le m ont dow nl w v h oad t al ot s approach e d 2,000,000. W it out a h doubt m ore re ce nt f , igure s w oul d m ak e t os e l k ind ofs il h ook l y. But h ow m any of t os e ins t l ions h al at are t d f a w e e k (or a day or an rie or h our) t e n abandone d?L s of us l e h ot ik us ing onl t orial but t e re are ine ut s, h

j t as m any w h o f e l ore com f us e m ort abl w it a ph ys icalbook on t e ir e h h de s k . And s o, w it t e Blnde r Sum h h e m e r of D ocum e nt ion unde r it be l at s t , te F h oundat ion de cide d t t l o ack e s om e t ing e v n m ore am bit h e ious : a book t at w oul be s uit e f 3D be h d abl or ginne rs , us e rs com ing f rom ot e r 3D h appl ions , and f m ore f icat or orm al due cat ional e t ings . O f cours e , m ore e xs t pe rie nce d us e rs can be ne f f it rom t e h book t oo. H ow m any of us h av j t e us fow n by t e s e at of our pant re gardl h s ing s om e as pe ct of our Blnde r w ork , e be it m at rial l t e s , igh ing or s h ape k e ying?Th is book can h e l you f l t e p ilin h gaps . O f cours e , it al cont so ains ch apt rs on t e ne w s cul m ode l e h pt ing t s as w e las a gre at ch apt r on us ool l e ing t e Com pos it . h or Blnde r Bas ics is a book t at anyone e h int re s t d in ge t ing up t s pe e d w it e e t o h s om e as pe ctofBlnde r, and 3D in ge ne e ralcan pick up and us e , e it e r cov , h e r t cov r, or a l cart . It cons is t of o e a e s a f w ch apt rs on t e abs ol e bae e h ut s ics : 3D conce pt , t e int rf , and s h e ace obj ct m anipul ion. F e at rom t e re , re adh e rs can cont inue s t raigh t t rough t e h h book if t e y ch oos e , larning m e s h h e e dit ing, s cul ing, m at rial rigging pt e s, and ch aract r anim at e ion, l t igh ing, re nde ring, com pos it ing and m ore . O r, if t e y are us e rs int grat h e ing Blnde r ine t t e ir e xis t o h ing 3D pipe l , t e y can ine h

pick and ch oos e t e ch apt rs t at h e h m os t im m e diat l f lh e ir ne e ds . e y ilt Th e book cont ains a bit of m at rial e f rom t e Sum m e r of D ocum e nt ion, h at re w ork e d t be t e r s uit a print d, o t e m odul f ar orm at and l s of original , ot w ork by a gre at group of v unt e rs . ol e T s uit a v o arie t of larning s t e s and y e yl t e dif e ring ne e ds of t e audie nce , h f h e ach t opic (l e Mat rial f ik e s , or inst ance ) is div d int t o s e ct ide o w ions : a t orial ut part and a t s and pract s ool ice dis cus s ion. F pe opl w h o pre f r t or e e o j t j p righ t in, t e t orial e ct us um h ut s ions prov ide im m e diat f e dback and ace e com pl h m e nt w h il ge t ing t e m f is , e t h am il w it t e t s in a pract iar h h ool ical s e t ing. Th os e of us (l e m ys e l w h o t ik f ) l e t ge t an ov rv w be f ik o e ie ore w ork ing can re ad t e t s and pract s h ool ice dis cus s ion, w h ich l ays out t e m os t h us e f av abl opt ul ail e ions , as w e l as l giv ing s om e h int and s ugge s t s ions f or a good w ork fow t f l . l o ol ow In addit ion t t e v unt e r w rit rs , o h ol e e I'm doing a f air am ount of w rit ing (about 35-40% of t e book ) as w e las h l s t e -e dit yl ing t e w h ol t ing. W e h e h h av a bunch of t ch nical e dit e e ors l d up t m ak e s ure e v ryt ing is ine o e h accurat f e rom a Blnde r s t e andpoint , and are w ork ing t s e cure a prof s o e s ional proof ade r t cat t e t re o ch h ypos and gram m ar bugs t at m igh t s l h (!) ip by m e .

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Unde r Re v w ie

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Blnde r Bas ics w il be av abl f e l ail e or pre -s al s oon, and T and I are s t l e on il w ork ing on t e f h inals ch e dul ing f or publ ion and dis t icat ribut ion. Ne e dls s e t s ay, book s als are one of t e ch ie f o e h s ource s of f unding f t e Blnde r or h e F oundat ion, and it nice t at s uch a 's h t ing can be a pos it e f e v ryone : h iv or e te F h oundat ion ge t t e re v nue it s h e ne e ds t k e e p doing it am azing o s w ork , us e rs ge t a gre at re s ource and a w ay t o dire cty cont l ribut e t o Blnde r's e cont inue d de v l e nt e opm , and t e Blnde r com m unit as a h e y w h ol ge t t once again s h ow of it e s o f s unparal ld s t ngt w it it gre at le e re h h s cont ribut ion t t e cont nt of t e o h e h book . I'm e xcit d about t is proj ct be e h e , caus e I t ink t at Blnde r Bas ics is goh h e ing t be a book of s upe rior q ualy o it and us e f ne s s . I h ope t at you w il ul h l , at las t cons ide r adding it t your pe re , o s onal h opping l t s is .

O Scar - Re las e 0.2 e
It is t e goal t e O Scar P e ct h of h roj t de v l a car according t o e op o O pe n Source principls . In our e opinion, a car is not a v h icl f l e e ul of h igh -t ch gadge t . Ins t ad, w e e s e are l ing f ook or a s im pl and e f unct ional conce pt t o s pre ad m obily. F it orm f l s f ol ow unct ion. Apart f rom t at O Scar is not j t h , us a car It is about ne w w ays of . m obily and t e s pre ading of t e it h h O pe n Source ide a in t e re al h (ph ys icalw orl ) d. At : h t p:/ w w w .t e os carproj ct t / h e .org/ you w ilf lind a gre at com m unit y of de v l rs and driv rs w h o e ope e w ant t inv nt m obily ane w and o e it t oge t e r h .

Rol and H e s s

In addit ion t be ing a Blnde r art t one of t e (m inor) blnde r de v , and o e is , h e s t e cre at of Blnde rP opl, Rol h or e e e and H e s s (h ark ym an) e arne d h is e dit orial k e e p as a w rit ing m aj at t e Univ rs it of P nns ylania in Ph il l ia, or h e y e v ade ph e nduring t e brut group w ork s h ops and one -on-one crit ue s of P nn's h al iq e w rit ing program . H e w rit s f t m any w ords a ye ar at Th e H e s s Re port e ar oo (h e s s re port ark ym an.com ), St e l y Cow boy .h e Cit (s t e l ycow boy.h ark ym an.com ), and t e Blnde rP opl de v l e cit h e e e e opm e nt bl (w w w .h ark ym an.com / og bpbl og).

Th e proj ct s t e d in 19 9 9 . In e art D e c. 2005, it re ach e d re las e 0.2. e St ing in 2006, e v ryone is art e w e l e t part com o icipat . e

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Ciprian Ce t ras (Cipix) Re naulSce nic e t w w w .blnde rart e .org

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Ciprian Ce t ras (Cipix) Re naulSce nic e t w w w .blnde rart e .org

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Sim on K indlr - D is cov ry e e w w w .blnde rart e .org

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Ris h ik e s h Park h e - M e rc 300SL w w w .blnde rart e .org

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Bruno O k ano - Ch e v e t Cam aro (conce pt rol ) w w w .blnde rart e .org

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W il l iam Nune s - T oonCar w w w .blnde rart e .org

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Z s ol St f - 'Cut ing Th e W av s ' t e an t e w w w .blnde rart e .org

A nnounce m e nt-

Blnde r W orl Cup #4 e d

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W h e re : w w w .blnde rart t .org e is s W h e n: 1s t J une - Qualying e nt s ope ne d if rie 1s t J y - F ul inal round ope ning

Prize s: F t s e cond and t ird pl irs h ace w inne rs w il e ach re ce iv an of iciale t e d l e f ch blnde r w orl cup, as w e l as t e e d l h prize s donat d. e F t irs

Calor s pons ors !! l f
Many of you w il be f il w it t e l am iar h h blnde r w orl cup, w h ich h as be e n e d h e l f t e pas t 3 ye ars . L t ye ar d or h as w e re ce iv d s pons ors h ip f e rom Re s pow e r (w w w .re s pow e r .com ), a pow e rf onl re nde rf ul ine arm s upport ing t e h .blnd f e orm at f int rnaland yaf or e ray re nde ring. Th is ye ar h ow e v r w e h av not of ie e f cial re ce iv d any s pons ors h ip, and l y e are h oping t m ak e it t e be s t ye ar t o h o dat f prize s and part e or icipat ion. Com m e rcials upport is t e prim ary goal h f s pons ors h ip, as t e blnde r f or h e oundat ion can onl h e l out s o m uch . y p So if you w ork f or, or k now a com pany t at m ay be w il h l t donat , ing o e plas e e cont act doug@ m udpuddl.co.nz in orde r t h e l m ak e it e o p f as t f alin t e com m unit ant ic or l h y. Blnde r W orl Cup - H ow it w il h ape d l pe n t is ye ar h

W h at : Th e t opic w ilbe m ade up of 4 ins piral t ions f rom be l , t e ins pirat ow h ions w il l be re duce d t a s e t of 4 by t e J y o h ul t e 1s t giv h , ing e nt rant t e ch ance t s h o t ink ofpos s ibilie s be f h it ore t e f h inal annouce m e nt . * Era* * at * St e Be ginning Ev ut ol ion H is t orical Grow t h Re ce nt Ut opia Now W ar D is t ant D e s ruct ion End D is cov ry e * ocat L ion* * l nce * Infue Ground Indus t ry Se a Re l igion Era Sk y Al ns ie Space P it olics F ure Cit ut y Magic Nat ure H e rois m

Se cond

Th ird

H ow : As al ays w e w il h av a q ualying w l e if round, h ow e v r t is ye ar t e round e h h w il al anyone t s ubm it t e ir f l l ow o h av ourit e xis t e ing e nt t q ualy f ry o if or te f h inal round. F Exam pl e nt ring or e e W e e k e nd Ch al nge s w il be a good l e l w ay ofq ualying if

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Blnde r W orl Cup - P v e d re ious Ent rie s . e w w w .blnde rart e .org

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Th e m e : O ut r Space e • ode l Al ns M ing ie • ode l Space s h ips M ing • ut r Space s ce ne s and m ore . . . O e

blnde rart e .org doe s not t e s any re s pons ibily bot e xpre s s e d or ak it h im pl d f t e m at rial ie or h e and it nat s ure or accuracy of t e inf h orm at ion w h ich is publ h e d in t is P F m agazine . Al t e m at rial is h D lh e s pre s e nt d in t is P F m agazine h av be e n produce d w it t e e xe h D e h h pre s s e d pe rm is s ion of t e ir re s pe ct e aut ors / ne rs . blnde rh iv h ow e art .org and t e cont h ribut ors dis cl aim al w arrant s , e xpre s s e d or l ie im pl d, incl ie uding, but not l it d t im pl d w arrant s of m e rim e o ie ie ch ant it or f ne s s f a part ar purpos e . Alim age s and m aabily it or icul l t rial pre s e nt in t is docum e nt are print d/ -print d w it e s h e re e h e xpre s s e d pe rm is s ion f rom t e aut ors / ne rs . h h ow Th is P F m agazine is arch iv d and av abl f D e ail e rom t e blnde rh e art .org w e bs it . Th e blnde rart m agazine is m ade av abl unde r e e ail e Cre at e Com m ons 'At ribut iv t ion-NoD e riv 2.5' l ns e . s ice Th e CC l ns e is av abl at h t p:/ cre at e com m ons .org/iice ail e t / iv l ce ns e s / by-nd/ 2.5/e gal l code

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Is s ue 8 - J anuary 2007

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